TWI228478B - A valve device for a drinking container and a method for using the valve device - Google Patents

A valve device for a drinking container and a method for using the valve device Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI228478B
TWI228478B TW91111527A TW91111527A TWI228478B TW I228478 B TWI228478 B TW I228478B TW 91111527 A TW91111527 A TW 91111527A TW 91111527 A TW91111527 A TW 91111527A TW I228478 B TWI228478 B TW I228478B
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TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
film
opening
drinking
characterized
pressure
Prior art date
Application number
TW91111527A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Kjetil Naesje
Original Assignee
Kjetil Naesje
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to NO20021051A priority Critical patent/NO20021051L/en
Application filed by Kjetil Naesje filed Critical Kjetil Naesje
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TWI228478B publication Critical patent/TWI228478B/en

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Abstract

A valve device and a method of preventing inadvertent outflow of a fluid from a drinking container (2), in which the valve is connected to an opening (10) in a separating wall portion (8) of the drinking container (2) and is arranged to control fluid outflow via a downstream outlet opening (34). The valve comprises a movable activating element (12), for example a membrane, associated with a sealing element (26). The activating element (12) is pressure-responsive and is arranged to displace the sealing element (26) into an open position for fluid outflow. Moreover, the activating element (12) is pressure-balanced against the ambient pressure (P1) and is arranged to open to fluid outflow when the pressure (P2) of the outlet opening (34) is lower than the ambient pressure (P1) by a predetermined value. A resulting differential pressure (P1-P2) thus provides a valve-opening force (F1) for moving the activating element (12).

Description

1228478 发明 Description of the invention: [Technical field to which the invention belongs] The present invention relates to a drinking container, such as a container, a feeding bottle, a cardboard box, a bag, a can, a tube, a paper cup or a plastic cup, for a beverage containing a large amount of bubbles Valve device. The invention also relates to a method using the valve device and a protection device for a drinking mouth of a drinking container. The fluid inside the drinking container can be easy to flow, such as milk, fruit juice, drinks with a lot of bubbles, or water, but the fluid can also be relatively viscous, such as yogurt, soup, pudding or ice. Carbon dioxide or other gases can also be pressurized in the fluid. [Prior art] There are several closure devices that prevent fluid from flowing freely from a drinking container according to conventional techniques and other general lids. Examples of such closure devices are disclosed in U.S. Patent 5,975,369 and U.S. Patent 5,465,876. However, in order to open or close such a device, the user must perform a mechanical movement of a closing mechanism provided to the device. However, such devices do not provide good airtightness to pressurized fluids in drinking containers, such as carbonated beverages, such as beverages containing large amounts of bubbles. Patent No. 137258 discloses a valve device capable of preventing leakage of a pressurized beverage from a drinking container. However, 'this device is designed to increase the valve closing force from possible liquid overpressure in the drinking container' ... this valve device is not suitable for containers containing pressurized beverages. British Patent 1, No. 453,968 discloses a flow-actuated valve device for a feeding bottle. Among various devices, the purpose of ^ Τ ^ month is to reduce the negative pressure of 1228478 that a child must use to suck liquid from an outlet mouth of a feeding bottle. Two valve systems include a thin plate between the outlet nozzle and the feeding bottle. The thin plate is counted as a vent for continuous pressure balancing between the internal cavity of the feeding bottle and the external pressure. The thin plate also has An outlet opening and an external cover sheet flexibly covering the outlet opening of the sheet. The cover sheet is supported and opened by the liquid flowing out of the proud view, and then, when the outflow of liquid stops, the cover sheet is due to its It recovers elasticity and closes. Therefore, if the force in the outlet mouth is lower than the pressure in the feeding bottle, for example, if the feeding bottle is turned upside down and contains enough liquid to open the cover valve, this cover film The output flow of the liquid will be opened. As a result, the valve is pressure-balanced to resist the pressure in the bottle. Due to the vent port for continuous pressure balancing, the valve device cannot be used to resist the pressure in the bottle. One is sealed by a pressurized liquid. U.S. Patent No. 5,607,073 also discloses a valve device for a feeding bottle. Among various devices, the valve device is composed of a negative-acting outer seat element, The negative pressure actuated outer seat member is elastically and movably suspended between two flapping members for one of the outlet mouths of the bottle. The ancient seat member is provided with a valve seat. Covers an outlet opening of a thin plate between the feeding bottle and the outlet mouth. When the pressure in the outlet mouth is lower than the pressure in the feeding bottle, the valve seat opens to the output flow of the liquid. The valve system pressure resists the pressure in the bottle in a balanced manner. Like the device according to British Patent No. 1,453,968, the device according to US Patent No. 5,607,073 cannot be used to resist a pressurized liquid in the bottle. Hermetically sealed. In addition, the latter device does not There is any vent that can be balanced against external pressure through the pressure in its bottle. Therefore, when liquid is sucked out of the bottle, the negative pressure of 1228478, will be generated in the bottle. This gradually forces the valve seat to be more & tight top A, the outlet opens π ', making drinking from a bottle difficult. [Abstract] The purpose of the present invention is to correct the disadvantages of the aforementioned conventional technology. The valve device and method of the present invention are used for the user When the fluid in the drinking container is aspirated, Yongui prevents the body from leaking out. With this device, the drinking container will be automatically sealed when the suction bite from the user is p 7. Twist m, set side, the outlet opening for the drinking mouth of one of the containers is also protected and the patented container is connected to the container. The internal space of the cap connected to the container is closed and drained from the drink. The comparison of the straw or the sealing element for drinking can achieve the purpose of the present invention by the characteristics defined by the following description and subsequent claims. Among various types of devices, the invention includes a method for installing a drinking valve and using a side valve device. In its IL β position where it is used, the valve is connected to at least one of the openings in the wall portion of the drinking. The wall portion may form a portion of the drinking body, or may be incinerated into a pressure-tight wall portion of the drinking container. Xi μ soil mouth P is used as a spacer between the drinking container and the outer ring. The valve is designed to open and the outflow of liquid from the trough, the fluid opens from a downstream outlet: the outlet opening is set at a drinking mouth. , One drink his proper drinking outfit Jin # 六 _ Straight. With this, the valve device of the present invention can be releasably disposed in a releasable manner. In principle, the valve system of plus plus one person is composed of an actuating element and a valve. The actuating element # 1% is connected to a sealing element, and 1228478 pieces are moved to the open position and one Between closed positions. The actuating element = the device and at least one support such as a pillar or at least a rod. The conveying action moves to the sealing element. For example, the rod can be prepared: = open at one of the wall portions. 'The rods may be able to pass through the opening in the "centre, and this-the rod actuating-is designed as a sealing element that closes the wide opening. The sealing element, such as a valve head, is erected to the' dry ' 'And it is fixed with a specific force against the wall part' The first force is provided by, for example, a flexible unit fastened to the valve stem, or the force is provided through the shape of the actuating element The present invention is based on the actuating element affected by pressure and a pressure force to move the sealing element to the open position where the fluid flows out. This is not new compared to the valve device according to GB1.453.968 and US5.607.073 0; ,, :: The actuating element of the present invention is basically different from the conventional technology in that the actuating element is pressure-balanced to resist the external pressure P1 of the drinking container, and that the actuating element is designed as an outlet The pressure of the opening is lower than the external pressure P1-at a predetermined pressure value, it is opened to allow the fluid to flow out. Since the actuating element is pressure-balanced to resist external pressure ρ, not a pressure P in the drinking container 3. The operation of the valve is theoretically independent of the pressure P3 in the container. Therefore, the pressure p3 in the container can be used to allow the fluid to flow out and exceed the external pressure P1. On the contrary, according to GB1.453.968 and US5 · 607 · The valve device of 073 will be opened under equivalent pressure conditions to allow the fluid to flow out. Preferably, a pressure lower than the external pressure P1 and a predetermined pressure value p2 10 1228478 The user sucks air and the fluid flows out through the outlet opening to generate a spoon. Negative pressure P2 is thus generated in the outlet opening. When this negative pressure P2 and = ^ force P1 are balanced, one of the resulting > 1 force differences (P1, P2) is generated, and the fine opening force F1 Move the active element while maintaining (P1-P2). 8. According to the present invention, the valve's operating element system includes a movable frame formed around the wall, and the membrane is provided with at least a single zone or The film is provided with a peripheral edge which is pressure-tightly connected to both sides of the wall portion and surrounds the opening of the wall portion. Thereby, a chamber is formed between the film and the wall portion. When affected by pressure ,: Thin film system to change the The shape of the film is moved. #From the at least supporting element, the change in the shape of the film is transformed into an axial valve opening force F1 transmitted to and acting on the sealing element. At least in the use position 乂 = 之 顺The / claw-side system is pressure-tightly connected to the outlet opening so that two negative ρ2 can be supplied to the chamber, thereby generating a pressure difference (η-ρ2) that opens the membrane to move the fluid outflow. Advantageous When the air is continuously allowed to enter the container, the consumption of fluid in the drinking container can be performed. However, this depends on the type of fluid and the pressure ρ3 in the drinking container. The X valve can be connected to a lid, In its use position, it is connected to the remote drinking container II or _ cap. The cap can be made like or provided with a drinking mouth or nipple, through which a user can actuate the valve Device 'and fluids drunk in the container. If the cover is pressure-tightly connected to the drinking container, the cover must be provided with a ventilation option on the outside of the film, for example in the form of at least _ vents in the cover 1228478. Possibly, one of the control delays in the response time of the valve device can be achieved by adjusting the size and / or number of the at least-vents. This adjustment can also dampen film vibration that may occur during use. The drinking mouth or nipple may also be eccentrically positioned with respect to the center of the lid, such as on a cup or mouth with a large top surface. For example, the sealing element may include a closable mouth or a closable ring, which may be opened or closed to the outflow of fluid by the actuating element. The sealing element may also include a valve head, and _-the proper sealing surface of the valve seat :, 顶 abutted against the mouth of the product ... d of the plug surrounding the open face in the wall portion can be made Form a tapered seal in the mouth.门 门-^ It is made of two kinds of soft materials, which are parked on the wall part of the seal, or provided with-in-applicable seals for sealing tops. The valve head can be passed on to the individual rods. Thereby, the valve head is relatable. -Individual possible irregularities or production methods in the opening in the wall part or the valve head also make the two parts different materials and / or for a valve stem to be provided with an opening protruding from the opening Center 'This opening can lift the cross section of the glyph: the bow. For this purpose'-has-ten In addition, when the stem is empty, a: * hole and a tubular valve stem can also be provided. The flow passes through the opening. ^ f 'These two rod shapes allow the fluid to be provided with support in addition to the at least _ β β ribs and / or having a dental fastener. For example, the film is provided with appropriate Of 12 1228478 wrinkles. With this, the film can transform a force influence into a valve opening force F1 acting on the seal member. The film may also be composed of two or more parts having Γ material characteristics. For example, the film may be designed to have an elastic region of an elastic material and a support region of a supporting material. The valve device of the present invention may also be composed of-or a plurality of detachable components, to facilitate cleaning and / or replacement of components. The film is formed with at least an elastic protrusion, which communicates with the chamber, and provides further protection against the residual fluid in the valve device from flowing out. Yu Shi ▲ Yizhongzhong Hai (etc.) dog out of the loan here is the same as P. 2 on the inside of the film * Hai to the same negative P2, today (calculated) .. Xuan (special) large out When the valve is opened, H when the negative pressure P2 stops and the pressure phase # at the external pressure ρ = the outlet will expand elastically, thereby connecting from the outlet opening, drinking mouth, ancient sucker, or other outlet openings. The drinking device inhales the residual body. 0 The progress of the present invention can be seen from the following representative examples. ~ ^ The following will describe some non-limiting representative examples of the present invention. = Representative examples The disclosed components can be used in combinations other than those shown in the following examples. For example, the valve device of the present invention in different forms: ^ used for all different forms of caps and drinking containers. Similarly, the connection pieces can be It is used between the valve device, the closing part and the drinking container. 'The phase of the eye cover [Embodiment]. Second, it shows the operating principle mode of the valve device used in the present invention. The phase mode shows the drinking in the form of a ladle 2. Containers, whose openings are 13 1228478 2 other than 2 4 A cap 6. The bottle 2-may be more than a bottle containing-carbonated drinks ... For example, when the bottle 2 series ... grab the p 'the cap 6 series has a separation _. The knife, the system has a One of the central wall openings 10 is in the form of concentric and flattened: 8. The spacer 8 is formed around the longitudinal axis U of the cap 6. The concentric film 12 is arranged on the spacer 8 and the cap 6 Between the end walls M. Around its peripheral edge 15, the film 12 is hermetically connected to the side wall 16 of the cap 6. 'The film 12 also has a -flexible area', which is a peripheral configuration. And the form of concentric ring-shaped wrinkles M: the _ wrinkles 18 are elastic when the film 12 moves. A rod 20 is connected to the inner side 22 of the thin medium 12 and at the center. The rod 2 〇It protrudes through the opening 10 of the spacer 8 along the longitudinal axis 11. The cross section of the rod 20 is smaller than the diameter of the wall opening π 1G. The free end of the rod 2Q has a flat valve The head 26 'is formed to bear a force against a valve seat 28 abutting against the inside 30 of the spacer 8. The cap 6 is interposed between the spacer 8 and the film 12' There is a suction chamber criminal, which is in communication with the outlet opening 34 in the side wall 16 of the cap 6. The outlet opening is defined by a drinking tube in the form of a short tube # 36. In the film There is an outer chamber 38 between the a and the end wall 14, and the outer chamber 38 is connected to one of the vent holes 40 in the cap 6 so that the outer chamber 38 can be balanced with the external pressure ρ. The outer chamber 38 is thereby The function is-a protective cover for the membrane 12. The valve device is actuated by suction through the outlet opening 34, thereby creating a negative pressure P2 in the suction and blowing chamber 32. One of the pressure differentials obtained ( (p p2) 1228478: An & force F1 is applied to the film η, and the historical force η2 is transmitted to the valve head% through the rod 2G. If the house force w exceeds = the potential pressure m p3 in the tile 2 and the reverse pressure force & phase j2 will be moved towards the wall. The opening force P3 will act on the top of the valve head 26 ° P Above surface 42. By this "the rod 20 and the valve head 26 will be moved to the open position", refer to FIG. 1b. When the negative P2 and the applied force F1 stop, the thin = 2 will return to its inactive position and close the outflow due to its transversal area, refer to Figure la. At one of the bottles 2 under the overpressure P3, the surface area of the negative-acting inner side 22 of the film 12 must be substantially larger than the area of the over-acting surface 42 of the valve 帛 26. Through the appropriate area ratio of these surfaces 22, 42, even under the same condition P3 in the bottle, the user can open the valve through the suction port to allow a medium negative pressure P2 in the suction chamber 32. Figures 2 and 3 show a preferred embodiment of the device according to the present invention. The device is releasably disposed in-the cap 6-in the outer shell material: Figure 3 shows one of the devices Enlarge the detailed picture. These drawings also do not show-the middle eye cover 6 ', which is a wall portion having a type I which is a concentric and flat spacer 8 and has-a central wall opening σ 1Q. The cap 6 is thus made to have an outer portion and an inner portion. The outer casing ㈣ is formed concentrically around the longitudinal axis n of the cap 6, and the axis u is located at the center of the wall opening 10. The outer cover 46 is interposed between the spacer 8 and an outer extension 47 of a side wall 16 of the cap 6. A planar film 48 is disposed concentrically within the outer casing 46 'and is perpendicular to the axis u. The film 48 is fastened to the peripheral installation 49, which is pressure-sealed and releasably secured to the outer casing 46. For this purpose, a pressure seal is provided on both sides of the mounting ring 49 with a washer 50,51. This film 48 also has an annular wrinkle 18. The film 48 also has a central exit opening in the form of an outflow hole 52. A rod 20 is disposed in the outflow hole 52. Axially protruding from the hole through the wall opening 10 of the spacer 8. The rod 20 is fastened to the film wall surrounding the hole 52 by the radial bar 54 thereby allowing fluid to flow through the hole 52 when the valve is opened. The free end of the valve 20 is pivotally connected to a conical valve head 56 via a ball and socket joint 55. On its circumference, the valve head is designed as a flexible conical gasket 57 which is pressure-tightly engaged with the inside 30 of the spacer 8 and opens around its wall 10. The membrane 48 is provided on its outer side 58 and around the outflow opening 52 with a flexible, annular cymbal 60. The seal 60 also has an inner connecting collar 62. The collar 62 is designed to be pressure-tightly and releasably fitted to an annular groove 64 that surrounds the first end portion of a concentric drinking channel 66 in a separate cover 68. 65. In the second end knife 67 of one of the drinking pipes ⑽, the cover member 68 is formed into a shape of a drinking mouth 70. However, the outside of the one-piece housing 72 and the inside of a cap extension 47 are provided with a coupling groove 73 that cooperates with each other. Thereby, the cover member 68 can be releasably attached to the outer side of the cap cover 46 and the film 48. In this connection, the cover sleeve 72 is forced to bear against the mounting ring 49 and its gasket 50, 5 of the film 48 to ensure that the film 48 is designed to the spacer 8 as Pressure-sealed. At the same time, the drinking pipe μ is pressure-tightly and releasably connected to the _ 48 outflow hole 52. The cover 1228478 member 68 has a vent hole 74 which enters into an outer chamber 75 between the film 48 and the cover member 68, whereby the outer chamber 75 resists external pressure P1 in a balanced manner. The film 48 may also be disposed at a certain distance from the spacer 8 so that a suction and blowing chamber 76 exists between the film 48 and the spacer 8. When a negative pressure P2 is supplied to the suction chamber 76 through the drinking spout 70, the film 48 moves toward the spacer 8, whereby the rod go and the valve head 56 are displaced and the valve is opened to allow fluid to flow out . 80 ° stop ring 78. This is a conventional technique. These stops 80 are designed to engage with barbs not shown on the drinking container, thereby preventing the cap 6 from being accidentally released from the bottle. The stop ring 78 serves as a seal between the drinking container 2 and the cap 6. In order to open the seal, the cap 6 must be subjected to the torsion of the person who is in love + 丄 幻 and the illusion is great. Therefore, an opened and closed system indicates that the drinking container has been previously opened. However, if the drinking container 2 is used to describe the flow of the fluid through it-the drinking mouth / has a drinking ^. The cap is 6 W, then the instructions for this opening are based on the 6 attack piece 68 and JL drinking 7-to cover the cover 68 1 so it can be provided with 3 protective devices display _ 2 , ㈣ °盍 82 protection device. ㈣ and the detail 3 of the cover member 68 and the figure ⑶ show the second connecting part of the protective cover & ground connection to the drinking cup D 68 and the protective cover 82 series, and the cover 82 can be loosened, and the connecting part 84 That is, the protective cover 68 and the protective cover 82 are located at ::. At the -connection section * 84, the connection section is connected. At M_ ', R ~ the flange connecting portion 88 cooperates with the second connecting portion 86. The cover member 68 and the protection 17 1228478 cover 82 are formed by a groove 90 and a tongue which cooperate with each other substantially in the radial direction. External connection. Before the groove 9 () and the tongue 9m are pulled apart, when the protective cover 82 is removed for the first time, the cover member 68 and the protective cover 82 are connected to the second connection portion 86 'with reference to FIG. After that, the interconnection is provided by the first connection portion 84, referring to FIG. 2b indicating the previously opened drinking container 2. In FIGS. 5a-12b, a film member of a different shape is shown. Other rod embodiments and Other sealing element embodiments. In all of these figures, the 'valve device is surrounded by a separable cover member 94 having a shape different from the cover member 68 shown in Figs. The cover member 94 is connected to the separation wall portion 8 in a pressure-tight manner by a snap-fit connection portion ⑽. The cover member μ has a vent hole 74 entering an outer t 98, and the outer chamber 98 and the thin film 92 are thereby communicated with the external pressure ρ in an equal pressure manner. Figures 5a-9b show that the cover member 94 is pressure-tightly connected to one of the spacer members 8 in the cap cover 6. In FIG. 2 (M2b), the cover member 94 is pressure-tightly connected to a separate wall portion 8 between the valve device and a drinking container 2. The separated wall portion 8 will be simplified below using the term spacer. In addition, in Figs. 5a-12b, the cover member 94 is formed to surround the drinking mouth 100 of one of the central drinking pipes 102. In Figs. 5a-12b, the inner side 22 of the film 92 is flat. And arranged perpendicular to the longitudinal axis 11, the film 92 is quite rigid along its plane portion. Also in this film 92, the outside of the outflow hole 52 is formed by one of the inner connecting collars. Surrounded by a flexible ring seal 104, the two members 104, 106 are made different from the opposite members 18 1228478 in Figures 2 and 3. The connecting collar 106 is pressure-sealed and releasable. Openly surrounds the first end of the drinking tube 102 & 108, and the second end portion 110 of the drinking tube 102 is connected to the cover member 94 A flexible collar portion ιΐ2 extending in the axial direction, the collar portion 112 can be compressed 'and tied in the axial direction For elasticity, the axial compression will cause the collar material 112 to flex radially outward. The collar portion 2 also forms a distance between the film 92 and the spacer 8 to define the valve device suction chamber 114. Suction ... A specific negative pressure in 14 causes the compression, and then the flexible collar portion A 112 will be axially straightened. In order to have axial elasticity, the circumference of the collar portion 112 may be provided with an axial extension. And flexible flexible pillar 116, refer to Figures 5a-5b. This pillar 116 is designed to exert a specific resistance to the axial compression of the film 92, and the pillar is flexible in the radial direction. During compression Later, the flexible pillar 116 will axially straighten the collar portion 112. As mentioned, Figures 5a-12b also show different types of sealing elements and different types of fixedly arranged on the outflow of the film 92 Rod member of hole 52. With the exception of Figures 6a-6b, all drawings show only a single rod member provided in the outflow hole 52. Figures 5a-5b, Figures 9a-9b, Figure 10 and Figures In i2a-12b, the outflow hole 52 is provided with a rod member 118 which has a cross-shaped cross section and is Fastened to the film wall surrounding the hole 52, the shape of the rod 118 allows unblocked fluid flow through the outflow hole 52. In Figures 5a-5b and Figure 10, the free end of the rod 118 is provided with a Flat valve head 19 1228478 UO with a% winding flexibility and a tapered perimeter gasket i 22. Figure 5a and Figure 10 show the valve in its open position, "", t position 'and Figure _, ^, _, The collar portion 112 is compressed, and the strut 116 is flexed radially to the longitudinal axis.] In Figure Mb, the free end of the rod 118 is provided with a plug-shaped valve head 124 When the cymbal is closed, the hoe 124 is abutted against a ring-shaped gasket 6 ′ formed in a closed manner around the opening surrounding the spacer 8 ′, referring to FIG. 9 a. When the valve is opened, the stem 118 and the valve head have been pushed into the beverage container 2, see Fig. 9b. In Figs. 12a-12b, the rod member 118 "free end is provided with a tip 128 and the 'isolator 8' is formed with a bendable region 130 opposite to the tip. The bendable area 3G is formed by a slot 132 formed completely and partially through the cross 134 of the spacer 8 and the cross ⑶ protrudes into the drinking container 2 towels. When the film 92 applies a slotting force F1 to the rod line 128 _, the valve will swell, forcing _ 132 to protrude and separate. Refer to FIG. 12. When the force F1 stops, the slots 132 will elastically abut against each other and close. Refer to Figure 12a. In Figures 7a-7b, the outflow hole 52 is provided with a tubular rod member 136, and at least one opening 138 is provided in the pipe wall of the tubular rod member 136 to allow the drinking container 2 and the drinking tube to be interposed. The flow between 10 and flows to the suction chamber U4. The free ends of the rods 36 1 are provided with the flat hoe 120 and its annular seal 塾 122. Figures 7a and 7b show the closed and open positions, respectively. In Figs. 8a-8b, the outflow hole 52 is also provided with a U0 member having a cross-shaped cross section, which is fastened to the film wall by a radial ridge 54. The free end of the piece 140 has an extended entry. The opening 8 of the spacer 8 faces towards the tip 142 of a spiral winding 144 covering the opening, the spiral winding 144 forming a sealing element of the valve. When in the inactive position, these spirally wound windings 144 are prestressed and pressure abutted against each other in a sealed manner, consider Figure 8a. When the negative pressure P2 is introduced into the suction and blowing chamber 114 to actuate the film; 2, the rod ㈣ 142 axially presses the center of the material spiral winding 144. By this, the spiral windings 144 i are pushed apart and entered into the drinking container 2 so that the valve is opened to allow fluid to flow out, referring to the figure. Preferably, the spiral windings 144 form part of the spacer 8. Figures 11a-11b also show-rods 146 secured in the film wall by radial ridges 54. -The center part of the cover sheet seal 148 separated and centrifuged is releasably connected to one of the mounting members 150 on the inner side 30 of the spacer 8. In its closed position, a first outer section 152 of one of the seals 148 covers the opening 10 of the spacer 8 with reference to the figure. When the rod member 146 forces the sealing section 152 into the drinking container 2, the container is opened, referring to FIG. Figures 6a-6b show that the central portion of the same moon seal 148 is releasably connected to a mounting joint 15101 on the inside 30 of the spacer 8. Figs. In addition, isolation, however, the center of the installation joint 150 is that the shaft member 8 has two wall openings 10, 10, both of which are covered by a cover sheet seal 148. The opening 60 is covered by the first outer seal section μ, and a second outer seal section 152 covers the opening 10, and a first rod member 156 and a second rod member 158 are connected. To the inner side 22 of the film 92 and surround the outflow hole 52. The rods 156, 158 extend into the wall openings 10 and 10, 21, respectively, with different lengths. Under the opening action of the valve of the membrane 92, the first and longer rods 156 initially engage and move the first sealing section 152, whereby the fluid begins to flow out through the opening 100. The further valve of the membrane 92 opens the shaft Moving down 'the first: and the shorter rod 158 φ will ring and move the second seal segment 154. By doing so, the valves are opened sequentially and step by step ', which can prove to be particularly useful when the pressure P3 in the drinking container 2 is large. Figures 13a-18c show some representative examples, in which, in comparison, the valve device film is formed in the shape of a drinking mouth around the central drinking pipe. In Figs. 5a-12b, the cover member 94 has these components. In addition, in Figs. 13a-15e, the spacer 8 coincides with the end wall of a cap 6, and in Figs. 16a-18c, the spacer 8 forms part of a drinking container 2. * In Fig. 13a-18c, the film is formed by a short film tube with a central axial extension and a tube shape. The short film tube is formed-an outlet drinking pipe and defines an outlet opening of the film, and one end of the film is Fixedly connected to the upper part of the film. In addition, the Shaw film is formed around the drinking tube mouth of the film short tube member ', and the periphery of the film is connected to the separator 8 in a pressure-tight manner. The film thereby defines a suction and blowing chamber into which a short film tube extends. In all of these drawings, the free end portion of the short film tube is connected to the cross bar 118 in a manner that allows for gripping. The opening of the pole # U8 穿 dagger> Hei Li 8! 〇, the rod i 18 4 free end is provided with the valve head 120 and its peripheral annular gasket I ″. In FIG. 13 a 14, a thin film 16 is formed by an external cylindrical drinking 22 1228478 162, the drinking A mouthpiece 162 is planted with a short film tube 164, and the cross: a ... extending body, and the table pile is connected to the short film tube 右 with an allowable flow supply. The film 160 also includes a flexible collar portion extending toward the knife 1b6, the elastic collar portion 166 and: the extended membrane portion 167 is connected to the drinking mouth 162, and the collar portion 166 is borrowed The snap-on connection portion is sealed to the cap 6 with a force of 99 μm. The film ⑽ thus defines the phenoxylization chamber. The axial soil portion 166 is designed to allow axial shrinkage and recovery. When the = portion 166 is retracted in the axial direction I, it is bent radially toward the longitudinal direction. Shaft "^" This valve is opened to allow fluid to flow out. In order to prevent the valve device from being accidentally manipulated, the collar portion 166 is provided with an axially extending and elastic :: flexible pillar Π along its circumferential system. 'Refer to Figure 13a. When a negative pressure is to be supplied; the suction 2 168 xiao 'the pillar 17 is designed to apply-a specific impedance to the axial pressure' but only a small amount of impedance is applied to the radial inward bend. Each pillar 170 is composed of two axial pillar elements noa and nob, and the individual adjacent end surfaces 17Ga and 17Gb are complementary forms and are hinged together on the radially outer side of the basin, etc. ' Refer to Figure 13a. With this, the pillar elements ma and 170b are designed to be interlocked when the valve device is not in motion, and the collar portion 166 is axially extended. When the collar portion > 166 is actuated and compressed, the elements 170a and 170b are collapsed radially by their hinges, refer to Fig. 13b. An enlarged section here is shown in Figure 13b. In FIG. Η, a concentric protective cover 172 connected to the cap i 6 and formed of a supporting material surrounds the collar portion 166. The protective cover can also be designed as another protective ring (not shown in the figure), which can be loosely arranged around the collar portion 166 of the film 160. Figures 15a-16c also show a representative embodiment in which the valve device film is formed in the shape of a drinking mouth around a central drinking tube. However, the film does not provide a flexible collar portion 166 extending axially. In Figures 15a-15e, the spacer 8 is coincident with one of the end walls of the cap 6, and the film is directly attached to the spacer 8, for example, by gluing or heat treatment. In Figs. 16a-16c, the spacer 8 forms a part of a drinking container 2 ', and the film is pressure-tightly connected to the spacer 8 of the drinking container 2 through a snap-in connection portion 99. The film is formed by a cylindrical thin medium short pipe member extending axially in the center. The button pipe forms an outlet drinking pipe defining an outlet opening of the film, and one end portion thereof is fixedly connected to the upper portion of the film. With this, the film defines a suction chamber into which the short film tube protrudes. In: In two, one of the free ends of the short film tube member is also connected to the cross-shaped rod member 118 in a manner that allows fluid flow, the rod member 8 passing through the opening 1G of the spacer 118, The valve head 120 and the annular seal 塾 122 are provided to close the opening 10. Figures 15a-15c show a film formed with a centrally protruding drinking mouth 176 > 174 ' which is force-tightly disposed with the spacer 8 against the cap i 6 via an inclined flexible film portion 178. Figs. Drinking Mouth Circumferential-The central axially extending short film piece 179, the cross-shaped rods ΐ8 and 3 120 & are connected in a manner that allows fluid flow. The film 174 # This defines a sucking chamber 18o. When the pressure of the film 174 is actuated, the flexible film portion 178I is designed to be flexibly movable in the axial direction 24 1228478. When the valve head 120 of the rod member 118 is provided to bear against the partition member 8 ', the flexible film portion can also be used to pre-compress the film 174 in a pressure-tight manner. In addition, Figure 15c shows the valve in its open position. In Fig. 15a, the film 174 is shown covered and surrounded by a protective cover 182, thereby preventing the film 174 from being accidentally actuated and contaminated. The film 174 is pressure-tightly connected to the cap 6 by a snap-fit connection portion 99. Figures 15d-15e show that the short film tube member 179 is provided with an elastic radial cover sheet 186 along its inner periphery. The coverslips 186 < The free ends are designed to be closed and abutted against each other when the valve device is inactive. On the other hand, when a negative pressure P2 is supplied to the sucking chamber 180, the covers 186 are designed to bend outward and open in the direction of fluid outflow. The covers 186 prevent fluid from flowing out when the valve device is inactive. The covers 186 may also form a one-way blocking device to ensure that the negative pressure P2 remains in the suction chamber 180 for a while after the user stops drawing fluid out of the drinking container 2. Thereby, the valve can be kept open for a while after that, so that the air system is gradually allowed to enter the drinking vessel 2. As a result, residual fluid in the valve device is also emptied. The covers 186 also prevent unwanted objects such as insects from entering the valve device and the container 2. In addition, Figure ⑸ shows the valve in its open position. Figures 16a-16c show a film 188, which also has a central protruding drinking mouth 176, drinking short door but extending from the mouth of the mouth 176 around a central axial short film 179, the cross-shaped Hudu 11δ The β dice-shaped cymbal 118 and the valve head 12 are connected on it with a kind of fluid that allows fluid to flow; the Zara pull cymbals and the heart are connected. The film is connected to the spacer 8 of the drinking container 2 in a pressure-tight manner by a snap-in connection 99 25 1228478. The film 188 thereby defines a sucking chamber 19. The film 18 " 8 is also provided with an inclined film portion 192. However, the film portion 192 is also provided with several concentric annular folds 194, which are designed to be flexible when the film 188 is moved. In Figures 16b-16c, the valve device is connected to a spacer in the form of a folded-in wall portion 196 of one of the drinking containers 2. In Fig. 16b, the device is shown folded into the drinking container 2, and the folded-in wall portion 196 is covered by -protective seal # 198. Head 16c shows that after removing the seal 198, the wall portion 196 is in a non-folded state. Figures 17a-18c show a film 200 provided with several concentric annular wrinkles # 202 on its peripheral edge 15. The film wrinkles m are designed in the axial direction, and the film 200 is thereby designed to expand and contract like a corrugated member in the axial direction. The film 200 is similar to the figure ... A film 188 of a W is provided with a film short tube member 179 with a central axial extension, on which the cross-shaped rod member 118 and the valve head 120 are connected in a manner that allows fluid flow. The film 200 is also provided with a centrally protruding drinking nozzle 2 () 4 surrounding the film short tube member 179. However, due to the axially extending beryllium folds 202, the use of the mouth 204 is made different from the mouth of the drinking mouth according to Fig. 16a. With a snap-on connection portion 99, the membrane system is pressure-tightly connected to the outer side # 8 of -isolated # 8 in the form of a δ 折 fold-in wall portion of the drinking water container 2, refer to FIG. The film 200 thus defines a suction chamber 206. In Fig. 17a, the valve device is shown as being folded into a drinking container, and the wall portion 196 in which it was folded in 26 1228478 is covered by the protective seal 198, and the film creases 202 are covered by The seal 198 is compressed. Due to this shrinkage, the valve is moved to the open position. Figure 17b, on the other hand, shows the valve in its closed position after the seal 198 has been removed and the film wrinkles 202 have been straightened axially. In contrast, head 17c shows a partition 96 in the form of a folded-in wall portion 208 provided on the outer side 96 of the drinking container 2. In FIGS. 18a to 18c, the valve device according to FIGS. 17a to 17c and the folding wall portion 208 according to FIG. 17c are provided on the outer side 96 of the drinking container 2, such as a cardboard box filled with a sterilized liquid . In addition, the drinking container 2 is located around the device shaft 11 and the device valve head 120 is in a relative position. One of the wall areas 209 is provided with a partially annular perforation 21, referring to Fig. 18a. A pressure-actuated indicator device 214 is provided and a protective seal 212 opposite the drinking spout 204 covers the valve device and the folded-in wall portion 208. To open the drinking container 2, the user can press a finger 216 on the seal 212 and its indicator device 214. As a result, the film rod member 118 is pushed against the wall area 209 of the drinking container 2 so that the wall area 209 is broken and loosened along the perforation 210 and pushed into the drinking container 2, as shown in FIG. 18b. At the same time, the indicator device 214 is deformed so that an indicator pattern indicating the opening of the drinking container 2 is displayed. The seal 212 is then removed, whereby the valve device is placed in an unactuated position ready to be used, see Fig. 18c. Figures 19a-19c show a cap 6 with a concentric spacer gig. The spacer 218 is provided with a recessed central portion 22o, and the recessed central portion 220 has a central shaft wall opening 10. A thin film 222 is also formed by a recessed central portion 224 of 27 1228478. The recessed central portion 224 fits into the recessed central portion 220 of the diaphragm spacer 218. The film 222 is located at a distance from the spacer 218 so that there is a sucking chamber 226 therebetween. Attached—the outer reversible cover 228, the film 222 is pressure-sealed and releasably disposed in an outer casing 23 of the cap 6. The cover member 228 also has a vent hole 74. In addition, a middle portion of the cover member 228 is formed with an axially protruding drinking spout 232 which fits into the recessed central portion 224 of the film 222. The mouth 232 has an outlet opening 234 extending axially therethrough, and one end is provided with a breakable sealing member 236. The thin film 222 forms an axially extending tubular film short tube member 238. The outflow hole 52 of the membrane 222 protrudes axially and leaves its sucking chamber 226. The membrane short tube ′ and thus extends into the outlet π 232 of the mouth opening n 234. This constitutes the transfer or storage position of the cover 228. The seal member is not disconnected and covers the outlet 239 of the film short tube # 238. The cover member m is also provided with a grasping ring 24 protruding from the cover member 228 at this position. As a result, the cover member 228 can be pulled out of the casing 23 〇 'Then the cover member 2 is not turned over and returned to the position where it is used in the cover 230. In the use position, the exit opening of the drinking mouth 2 is located on the outside of the film covering and surrounding the short tube member 2 Position. By this, the seal 236 is disconnected, and it exists in the form of a M-force sealed sliding seal that surrounds the film short tube # 238. Referring to FIG. 19b, the actuator is prepared by this. Good effect. At this position, between the film 222 and There is also an outer t 242 between the pieces 228. The chamber 242 is pressure balanced against the external dust force through the vent holes 74 of the cover 228. The 238 is also connected to a cross-shaped rod 244, which is provided with a 28 1228478 meter. The fluid flow is passed through and is passed through the opening of the spacer 218. At the free end of the rod 244, it has the valve head 120 and an annular gasket 122. Fig. 19c shows that the valve device is placed on 20a-26c show a further embodiment of the valve device of the present invention, wherein the film is made of a corrugated member extending concentrically and extending axially around the longitudinal axis U of the cover. #Here, the corrugated member is designed with —The first end portion, which is pressure-tightly connected to the outside of one of the spacers between the valve device and the fluid in the drinking container 2, and the membrane is supported and connected to an opening or closing fluid outflow The sealing elements are connected. A second and axially opposite end portion of the film is formed in the shape of an outlet opening. Between the first and second end portions, a "skin pattern" defines a drinking tube, and "skin pattern" The inner cavity of the piece constitutes a suction and blowing chamber. The embossed piece is provided with an embroidery area and a pull-down area that contracts radially. By supporting the 7G member, the contraction of the corrugated member is converted into a valve opening force F1. Figs. 20a-20c, Figs. 22a-22c, Figs. 23 and 25 all show the film corrugated member 246 concentrically and axially extending. Along its periphery, the corrugated member 2 is provided with corrugations 248 extending axially and having axial support on the corrugated member 246. In addition, the film bellows 246 is reinforced by a force transmitting axial strut 25. By corrugation 248, the corrugated member 246 can be contracted peripherally and radially. In order to be radially contractible, the periphery of the corrugated member 246 is formed with an outer hinged region 252, a middle hinged region 254, and an inner hinged region 256. The posts 250 are connected together via the middle hinged region 254. The inner hinge region 256 is provided on the first end portion 258 of the corrugated member 246. In addition, in these representative embodiments, the 'hinge region 256 forms a peripheral edge 15 of the thin film corrugated member 246 connected to the opening 29 1228478 opening 10 of the spacer 8. The contact area 252 is provided at the first / second portion 260 of the axially opposite corrugated member 246, and an outlet opening 262 is formed therein. Within the corrugated member ^ =-suction chamber 2 ". When a negative P2 is supplied to the suction chamber: the member 246 contracts and extends in the axial direction, so that a pumping action is applied to the pump. I Broken figure 20a-20c, the first end portion of the film corrugated member is provided with a -peripheral and flexible sealing edge, edge 266, which will be continued to 15-cap 6-spacer 8-opening 10, : = 266 is located on the outer side 96 of the spacer 8 and is pressure-sealed to the ring port 10. The end portion 258 is also connected to the hollow rod member 268 of the two-rod opening 270 in a manner that allows fluid flow to pass through. The free end _ is provided with a tapered valve head 272, which is designed to close the wall opening π), as shown in the figure. Other types of rods and valve heads can also be used with the membrane bellows 246. However, the The two end portion 26 is fixed relative to the spacer 8 so that the bellows can extend axially toward the wall opening 10 when contracted, thereby pushing _272 into its open position, referring to FIG. 20c. Part of the coffee is fixed to the spacer 8 by a concentric rigid sleeve 274 that surrounds the corrugated member 246. The -end of the sleeve 274 is connected to the end portion 26. Its other end is pressure-tightly connected to a connecting portion of an outer cap housing 278. The corrugated member 246 and the casing 274 define an outer chamber, which is:-through the casing 274 The air hole 282 communicates with the external pressure ρ in FIG. 20a. A protective cover 284 surrounds the sleeve 274 and the corrugated member 246, and the protective cover 284 is connected to another connection outside the cap cover 278. 30 1228478 part 286. Fig. 21 shows a film corrugated member 288 similar to one of the aforementioned two corrugated members. With the axial flexible support 290, the film corrugated member 288 is provided with a curve formed in its axial direction, thereby, One of the middle hinged areas of the corrugated member 288 is provided by Yuxi. The corrugated member 288 is also provided in a cap housing 278 surrounded by a set of shells 274. In FIGS. 22a-22c, the corrugated member 246 is also provided by Yihe. The casing 274 of FIG. 20 is surrounded by the concentric rigid casing 2 with a slightly different shape. This casing 292 is also pressure-tightly connected to the connecting portion 276 of the cap housing 278. The casing 292 is also provided with a The vent hole 282 defines an outer compartment 4. In these drawings, the film bellows 246 The first end portion 258 terminates in a mouth in the form of a conical tapered tip 296, refer to Figure 22a. The tip 296 is provided with an axially extending, closable slot opening 298, which is a free film corrugated member The inner hinged region 256 of the first end portion 258 of 246. When affected by the negative pressure P2 and the axial force η, the tapered tip 296 is subjected to a mouth opening torque, and the slot opening 298 is therefore outwardly and Separately, refer to Figure 22b. The tapered tip 296 and its slot opening 298 thereby form the sealing element of the valve. The first end portion 258 is provided with a peripheral and flexible sealing edge 302 which is designed to be pressure-tight and releasably surround the wall opening 10. However, in this representative embodiment, the sealing edge 302 abuts against the inside 30 of the spacer 8 of the cap 6. Thereby, when the corrugated member 246 is compressed and the mouth is opened, an air inlet 304 is opened between the wall opening 10 and the mouth, referring to Fig. 22c. When the mouth is closed, the sealing edge 302 will re-seal against the spacer 8, whereby the air inlet 31 1228478 port 304 is closed. FIG. 23 shows the corrugated member 246 and the tapered tip 296 according to FIG. 22. In this representative embodiment, the first end portion 258 is provided with a larger peripheral and flexible sealing edge 306. The second end portion 26o is connected to a concentric rigid sleeve 308 provided at its free end with a radial flange 31o. The flange 310 thereby forms a spacer between the corrugated member 246 and a drinking container 2. The flange 310 is connected to a larger opening 312 surrounding the drinking container 2, and the sealing edge 306 is releasably and pressure-tightly disposed against the inner side 30 of the flange 310. The casing 308 is also provided with an air vent 282 and defines an outer chamber 314. Fig. 25 shows another embodiment of the film corrugated member 246, in which the first end portion 258 is provided with a connection sleeve 316 which is fitted around the outlet short piece of a valve of a spray bottle 32o. When used as the moving bellows 246, the short tube 318 is pushed axially into the bottle 32o, and the valve is opened to allow the fluid to flow out. A surrounding casing 322 with a vent hole 282 defines an outer chamber 324 between the corrugated member 246 and the casing 322. The free end of the casing 322 is pressure-tightly connected to the spray nozzle via a snap-in connection 99. Fog bottle 32 °. Figures 24a-24b show the casing 308, the flange 310 and the opening 312 of each drinking container 2 according to Figure 23. However, in this representative embodiment, a wrinkle-free flexible film corrugated member 326 is used. At its first end portion 258, the corrugated member 326 also terminates in a tapered tip 328 provided with an axially extending and closable slot opening 330. The slot opening 33o forms a cross 332, referring to Figs. 24a, -24b ', both of which show the radial portion through the valve device. Between the slot openings 330 and the like, the inside of the tapered tip 328 is provided with a pillar 334 which converges in a 32-228478-diagonal shape. In the axially opposite 334 of the radial triangular apex that is attached to the tapered tip 328 of the film bellows member 6, the pillar-the concentric middle hinge region 336. Relative to the central corner apex of the pillar 334, the outer side of _326 is provided with a flexible sealing edge 338 which can be released and press-tightly abuts against the flange 31o. Between the hinge region 336 and the second end portion, the corrugated member ⑽ has a smooth film wall 340 'and is parallel to the longitudinal axis u in its inactive position, referring to Fig. 24a. The corrugated member 326 surrounds an inner suction chamber 342, and the casing 308 defines an outer chamber 344 which communicates with an external pressure ρ through its vent hole 282. When a negative pressure P2 is supplied to the suction chamber 342, the corrugated member 326 contracts radially, referring to Fig. 24b. With this, a mouth opening torque is supplied to the tapered tip 328, forcing the slot opening 330 outward and apart, referring to Fig. 24b ', whereby the valve is opened. Figures 26a-26c show a thin film corrugated member 346, which is formed by welding two plastic films or plastic coated films 348, 350, and provided with an axially extending reinforcing member 352. Such stiffeners 352 may be composed of axial support elements or support corrugations in the films 3 仏, 350. A first end portion 354 of the film corrugated member 346 is formed with a mouth that converges into an expandable film loop 356. The ring 356 appears from an inner hinged region 358 at a first end portion 354 of one of the film bellows members 346, and the ring 356 forms a bifurcation element of the valve. In this exemplary embodiment, the hinged region 358 forms a peripheral edge 15 of the film bellows 346 that is incorporated into the expandable film ring 356. The film ring 356 is also provided with a peripheral collar 360 connected to the drinking trough 2, and it thus forms the spacer between the corrugated member gw 33 1228478 and the descent 2. One of the second and axial end portions 362 of the corrugated ridge 346 is shaped as an exit opening 364. Initially, a seal 366 closes the outlet opening 364. Referring to Figures 26a-26b, it shows a different view of the drinking container 2. To provide access to the valve device and the fluid in the drinking container, the seal 366 is pulled apart before use. An outlet opening 364 is thereby displayed to provide a path to a suction chamber 368 defined by the corrugated member 346. When a negative pressure p2 is supplied to the suction chamber 368, the corrugated member 346 is contracted radially, whereby a mouth opening torque forces the film loop 356 radially outward and opens it, referring to Fig. 26c. Figures 27a-27e show another representative embodiment, in which the valve device of the present invention is disposed in a concentric and closed cap 37, which cap is provided with a radial inlet tube 372 and a radial arrangement The radial outlet tube 374. The inlet tube 372 may be connected to a drinking straw 376, and the outlet tube 374 may be shaped as a drinking spout 378, see Fig. 27e. Alternatively, the inlet pipe 372 may be provided with a threaded member 379, refer to FIG. 27d. The screw 379 can be screwed into a flexible drinking container, such as a cardboard box or a drinking bag 9 (not shown). Thereby, the cap 370 can be releasably connected to a drinking container 2. The inlet pipe 372 and the outlet pipe 374 are connected to an inlet chamber 380 and an outlet chamber 382, respectively, and both are disposed in the closed cap 370. The two chambers 380 and 382 are arranged adjacent to each other and separated by an axial cap wall 384. The cap wall 384 is clearly shown in cross-section in Fig. 27a, and Fig. 27b shows a section line 27a-27a through one of the chambers 380, 382. In addition, the cap 370 is provided with a radial spacer 386 which separates the 34 1228478 chambers 380, 382 from a flat film 388 provided on the outside of the spacer 386. The thin cymbal is provided with an annular corrugation 390 at its peripheral edge view. In addition, the film 388 is hermetically connected to the spacer 386 and is set at a distance therefrom, whereby the phenol absorption chamber coffee system exists between the two. An outer cover 396 also surrounds the film 388 in a pressure-tight manner. The cover member 396 is provided at a distance from the thin wall, thereby defining-the outer chamber 398 which communicates with the outside via a vent hole 74 in the cover member 396: P " The spacer 386 is provided with a central wall opening 10 connecting the inlet chamber to the phenotypic chamber 394. In addition, the spacer 386 is provided with an eccentrically arranged outlet opening which extends outward and connects the suction chamber 394 and the outlet chamber 382, referring to Figs. 27b to 27e. ^ The central part of the film 388 is formed with a regular axial film extension 402 'which extends through the isolation # 386 of the central opening, and the film extension is formed with a reduced central portion relative to the opening 10'. 40%, and the free end portion of the film extension is formed with a widened shaft% portion 406, and the collar portion can be tightly closed against the inner side 30 of the two-part 386 by the roof force. By this, the film extension 402 is simultaneously used as a-valve stem member and-a valve head. In the figure, when the negative pressure M is supplied to 394 days, the film 388 is shown to be actuated. Thereby, the phase extension # 402 is pushed axially into the inlet chamber, and the fluid flows out through the partial opening: the opening. The arrows in 27c indicate the direction of flow. [Brief description of the drawings] The following drawings are used to illustrate representative embodiments, of which 35 1228478 (a) Figure part 1a lb shows a cap for a drinking container, the cap is this month The valve device is provided together, and the diagrams show the mode of operation for the 4 a device, where Figure h shows the device in its closed position and Figure 113 shows the device in its open position Position; Figure 2 also shows a cap for a drinking container, which cap is provided with one of the valve devices according to the present invention, and the valve type is provided together, and the valve device is connected to -A cover with a drinking mouth and a removable protective cover; Figures 2a-2b are cross-sectional views showing a detail of the cover and the protective cover in accordance with Figure 2 'wherein Figure 2a # shows the protection The cover is connected to the cover, and FIG. 2b shows the protective cover detached from the cover; FIG. 3 shows a cross-sectional view of the central detail of the valve device according to FIG. 2; A cap without a cap on a bottle is provided with a cap and a protective cap that can be detached. The drawings show two different lines for the cap of the drinking spout; and FIGS. 5a-27e between the display device of the present invention based goes - in the form of the respective steps. In addition, each drawing is a rough drawing, so it may differ slightly from its shape and size. In the following drawings, the approximate drawing details are basically marked with the same reference drawing number. (2) Symbols for components 2 Bottle 4 Opening 36 Cap spacer Opening longitudinal axis Film end wall Soil perimeter side wall Wrinkle rod film Inside valve head Valve seat spacer Inside suction chamber outlet opening short pipe 36 Outer chamber opening Actuating element for outer extension of outer cover on the top surface of the air vent; membrane mount ring 37 washer washer

Outflow element L Radial strip ball and socket joint sealing element; valve head gasket film outside seal collar groove first end part of drinking pipe second end part cover drinking mouth mouth cover sleeve connection groove vent hole outer chamber sucking room Thread stop ring stop piece 38 Protective cover First connection part Second connection part Flange connection part Groove tongue Film cover member Outer chamber snap-in connection part Drinking mouth drinking pipe seal Inner connection collar first end Part second end part collar part sucking chamber support element rod valve head gasket valve head gasket 39 1228478 128 rod tip 130 flexible bendable region 132 slot 134 cross 136 rod 138 opening 140 rod 142 tip 144 Spiral winding 146 Rod member 148 Cover sheet seal 150 Mounting joint 152 Seal section 154 Seal section 156 First member 158 Second member 160 Film 162 Drinking mouth 164 Film short tube 166 Elastic collar section 167 Film section 168 Sucking Chamber 170 pillar 170a pillar element 1228478 170b pillar element 170a, end surface 170b, end surface 172 Protective cover 174 Film 176 Drinking mouth 178 Flexible film section 179 Film short tube 180 Suction chamber 182 Protective cover 186 Cover sheet 188 Film 190 Suction chamber 192 Film section 194 Concentric annular fold 196 Folded into wall section 198 Protection Seal 200 Film 202 Film Wrinkle 204 Drinking mouth 206 Suction chamber 208 Fold-in wall portion 209 Wall area 210 Perforation 1228478 212 Protective seal 214 Indicator device 216 Finger 218 Isolator 220 Recessed central portion 222 Cover 224 Recessed central portion 226 Suction chamber 228 Cover 230 Cover 232 Drinking spout 234 Outlet opening 236 Seal 238 Short film tube 239 Outlet 240 Grip ring 242 Outer chamber 244 Rod 246 Corrugated member 248 Wrinkle 250 Axial post 252 Outer hinged area 254 Middle Hinge area 256 Inner hinge area First end part Second end part Exit opening Suction chamber Sealing edge Rod member Rod opening Valve head cover Shell connecting part Outer cap cover Outer chamber Vent hole protective cover Connecting part Corrugated piece Pillar cover Outer chamber Pointed slot opening seal edge air inlet seal edge 43 1228478 308 sleeve 310 flange 312 opening 314 outer chamber 316 connecting sleeve 318 short tube 320 bottle 322 sleeve 324 outer chamber 326 corrugated member 328 pointed 330 slot opening 332 cross 334 pillar 336 hinged area 338 sealing edge 340 film wall 342 Suction chamber 344 Outer chamber 346 Corrugated member 348 Film 350 Film 352 Reinforcement member 354 First end part Film ring Inner hinge area Circumferential collar Second end part Exit opening seal Suction chamber cap Inlet tube Outlet tube Drinking straw Drinking mouth Orifice Thread Entry Room Exit Room Cap Cap Wall Isolator Film Ring Wrinkle Ring Peripheral Edge Suction Room Cover Outer Room Exit Opening 45 1228478 402 Film Extension 404 Restricted Central Section 406 Collar Section PI External Pressure P2 Pressure at the Outlet Opening P3 Pressure in container 46

Claims (1)

1228478 The scope of patent application: 1. A valve device for a drinking container (2,320), wherein the valve system in its use position is connected to a separate wall of one of the drinking containers (2,320) At least one opening (10, 10 '312) in the portion (8, 218, 310, 360, 386), and the wall portion (8, 218, 310, 360, 386) is a part of the drinking container (2, 320) Part of, or part of, a cap (6, 370) provided pressure-tightly to the drinking container (2, 320), and wherein the valve system is designed to open and close from the drinking container (2, 320) Outflow of fluid through a downstream outlet opening (34, 52, 234, 262, 364, 400). The valve system includes a movable actuating element (12, 48, 92, 160, 174, 188, 200, 222, 246, 288, 326, 346, 388), which is connected to a sealing element (26, 56, 120, 124, 272, 296, 328, 356, 406), and wherein the actuating element (12, 48) , 92, 160, 174, 188, 200, 222, 246, 288, 326, 346, 388) are pressure-responsive and are designed to seal the element (26 56, 120, 124, 272, 296, 328, 356, 406) is shifted to one of the open positions for fluid to flow out, which is characterized by the actuating element (12, 48, 92, 160, 174, 188, 200, 222, 246, 288, 326, 346, 388) are pressure-balanced to resist the external pressure (P1) of the drinking container (2,320), and when the outlet opening (34, 52, 234, 262, 364, The pressure (P2) of 400) is lower than the external pressure (P1) —the predetermined value, the actuating element (12, 48, 92, 160, 174, 188, 200, 222, 246, 288, 326, 346, 388) The system is designed to open to allow fluid to flow out, whereby a pressure difference (P1-P2) obtained moves the actuating element (12, 48, 92, 160, 174, 47 1228478) by a valve opening force (F1). 188, 200, 222, 246, 288, 326, 346, 388). 2. The device according to item 1 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the actuating element comprises a movable film (12, 48, 92, 160, 174, 188, 200, 222, 246, 288, 326) , 346, 388), which is formed around an axis (11) on the outer side (96) of the wall portion (8, 218, 310, 360, 386), and wherein the film (12, 48, 92) , 160, 174, 188, 200, 222, 246, 288, 326, 346, 388) has a peripheral edge (15,392) which is designed to surround the wall portion (8,218, 310, 360, 386) by means of the at least one opening (10, 10, 312), whereby the film (12, 48, 92, 160, 174, 188, 200, 222, 246, 288, 326, There is a sucking chamber (32, 76, 114, 168, 180, 190, 206, 226, 264, 342, 368, 394) between the wall part (8, 218, 310, 360, 386) and the wall part (8, 218, 310, 360, 386). And wherein the film (12, 48, 92, 160, 174, 188, 200, 222, 246, 288, 326, 346, 388) passes through at least one supporting element (20, 116, 118, 136, 140, 146) , 156, 158, 170, 244, 248, 2 50, 268, 290, 334, 352, 402) and the sealing element (26, 56, 120, 124, 272, 296, 328, 356, 406) is connected to and transmits the axial wide opening force (F1), And, when in the use position, the downstream side of the suction chamber (32, 76, 114, 168, 180, 190, 206, 226, 264, 342, 368, 394) is pressure-tightly connected to the outlet. Opening (34, 52, 234, 262, 364, 400). 3. The device according to item 2 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the film (12, 48, 92, 160, 174, 188, 200, 222, 246, 288, 48 1228478 326, 346, 388) is provided There is at least one flexible area (18,178,192, 194,202,248,252,254,256,336,358,390), and this area follows the film (12,48,92,160,174,188 , 200, 222, 246, 288, 326, 346, 388) and are elastically recoverable. 4. The device according to item 3 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the flexible region is formed by the peripheral edge (located on the shaft (11) and the film (12, 48, 188, 200, 388)) 15,392) at least concentric annular film folds (18,194,202,390). 5. The device according to item 4 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the at least one film wrinkle (202) is arranged in the axial direction of the peripheral edge (15,392) of the film (200), and Therefore, the film (200) is elastic like the corrugated member in the axial direction. ^ 6. The device according to item 2 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the film (12, 48, 388) is basically a planar shape at least on the inside (22), and wherein the film (12, 48 (92, 16〇, 388) is set perpendicular to the axis (11). 7. The device according to item 6 of the patent claim, characterized in that the 2 (92, 16Q) is provided with an axially extending ring portion (2, 166) at its peripheral edge (5, 392), and the collar Part of the system is designed as 8 axial collars. I :: Special = circle: The device described in item 'characterized by its characteristics,), & its ring system is provided with props extending and winding around the vehicle (116 , No) , 盆 箸 孙 # < Second, the pressure of the pressure-Yang Shiba 糸 6 is also counted as exerting a force against the shaft '疋 p, the pillar (116, 170) is radially flexible. 49 1228478 9 · The device according to item 8 of the scope of Shenyan's patent, characterized in that a pillar (170) is composed of two axial pillar elements (17a, nob), and their adjacent ends The surfaces ⑽a ,, 170b,) are complementary shapes, and are hinged to each other on their radially outer sides, whereby these elements (17〇 &, 〇〇 are designed when the valve device is inactive The systems are interlocking, however, these elements (170a, 170b) are designed to be controlled to bend and deform by hand-over when they are affected by the pressure difference (p p2). 10. · Application The device according to any one of items 2 to 9 of the patent scope, characterized in that the film (388) is formed with a propped axial extension (402) which extends through the wall portion (386) An opening (10) through which the film extension (402) functions as a valve stem, and wherein the film extension (402) is formed with an opening (1〇) in the opposite wall portion (386). ) 'S constricted central portion (404), and wherein the free end portion of the film extension (402) is formed with a widened collar portion ( 406), which can bear the pressure against the inner side (30) of the wall portion (386) in a sealed manner, and the film extension (402) includes the valve through its shape. The device according to item 10, characterized in that the wall portion (386) is provided with an opening (10) and an outlet opening (400) for the valve sealing element (406), and wherein The sealing element opening (u0) in the inner side (30) of the wall portion (386) is connected to an inlet pipe (372), which is designed to be hermetically connected to the drinking container (2 320) 'On the other hand, the outlet opening (400) in the inner side (30) of the wall portion (386) is connected to an outlet pipe (374). 12. The device described in item 丨 丨 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that 50 1228478 the inlet pipe (372) is connected to an inlet chamber (380), and wherein the outlet pipe (374) is connected to An exit chamber (382) 'and wherein the entrance chamber (380) and the exit chamber (382) are arranged adjacent to each other in a closed cap (370), and at the same time by an axial cap wall (384) separated. 13. The device as described in item 3 of the scope of patent claim, characterized in that the film forms a corrugated member (2 4 6 288, 326, 346) which is concentric and axially surrounds the shaft (11). The film corrugated member (246, 288, 326, 346) is provided with a first end portion (258, 354), which is connected to the opening (10, 312) in the wall portion (8, 310, 360). And is connected to the male and sealing elements (2 7 2, 2 9 6, 3 2 8, 3 5 6), and an axially opposite second end portion (260, 362) is made as an outlet The internal cavity of the shape of the opening (262, 364) 'corrugated member (246, 288, 326, 346) is thus constituted by the suction chamber (264, 342, 36 8), and wherein the corrugated member (246 , 288, 326, 346) is designed to be circumferentially and radially retractable through its flexible area (248, 252, 254, 256, 336, 358), via the at least one support element (248, 250, 268, 290, 334, 352), the contraction of the bellows is converted into the axial force (F1) of the valve opening. 14. The device according to item 13 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the corrugated member (246) is provided with an axially extending wrinkle (248) along its circumference. 'Then' the corrugated member (246) Tie ring and radially retractable, the axial fold (248) also has an axial support function on the bellows (246). 15. Peizhi as described in item 13 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the corrugated member (246, 288, 326, 346) is provided with an axial prop (250, 290, 234) for transmitting force. 51 1228478 16. The device according to item 14 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the corrugated member (246, 288, 326, 346) is provided with a direction-supporting pillar (250, 290, 234) of a vehicle for transmitting force. 17. The split according to any one of items 13 to 16 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the first end portion (258, 354) of the corrugated member (246, 288, 326, 346) is terminated as A closable conical mouth (2 buckles 328, 356), and the mouth (296, 328, 356) is arranged in a concentric annular hinge area of the corrugated member (246, 288, 326, 346) (256 336, 358), and can be pivoted about it, thereby, when the mouth (2gg, 328 356) is affected by the axial force (F1), the mouth is subjected to an opening mouth torque, the mouth The ports (296, 328, 356) thereby constitute the valve sealing element. 18. The device according to item 17 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the mouth is formed by converging the mouth of the corrugated member (346) into an expandable membrane ring (one of the valve seals) ( 356), and the film ring (356) is provided with an annular collar (36), which is connected to the drinking container (2, 320) and forms the wall portion. 19. The device according to item 17 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the mouth is formed by converging the mouth of the corrugated member (246, 326) into a slot opening provided with an axially extending and closable slot ( 298,33G) with a tapered pointed tip (296, 328), the tapered central head (296, 328) and its slot opening (298, μ㈧) constitute the valve sealing element. The device according to any one of items 3 to 6 is characterized in that the second end portion (260) of the corrugated member (288, 326, 346) is opposite to the wall portion (8, 31 (), then , _ Is a fixed 52 1228478 'As a result, when the bellows (246, 288, 326, 346) contracts radially, it extends axially toward the sealing element (272, 310, 360, 386). 21. The device according to any one of claims 2 to 9 and 13 to 16 of the patent application scope is characterized in that the film (12, 48, 92 j 0 q 188, 200, 222, 246, 288, 326) and the film At least one supporting element between the sealing elements (26, 56, 120, 124, 272) is a rod (20, 118, 136, 140, 146, 156, 158, 244, 268). '22 · The device according to item 21 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that at least two protruding rods (156, 158) are designed to surround one of the openings (52) of the film (92). The device according to the item 'characterized in that the rod (2G, 118, 136, wind 146, ⑽, 268) is arranged in an outflow opening ⑽ in the film (92), and from its axial direction 'Protruding ground' and wherein the rods ⑵, 118, 136, 14G, 146, ⑽, _ are tightened in a manner 'this way is to allow the circulating fluid flowing through the wall of the film (12) to surround the outflow opening (52 ), So as to provide an unblocked fluid flow through the outflow opening (52) when the valve is opened. 24. The device according to item 23 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the opening opening is It is defined by an axially extending tubular film short tube (164, Π9) protruding into the phenopeptide chamber (168, ⑽, 19, 20), and = Middle = film short tube ⑽, 179) A free end is connected to „Hai talents ⑴ 8), and the other end is connected to the thin medium (then, μ I 200) and is It is surrounded by the short tube (164, thereby forming a drinking pipe. 53 1228478 25. The device according to item 24 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the surrounding film (160, 174, 188, 200) is made of In the shape of a drinking mouth (162 176, 204). 26. The device according to item 23 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the outflow opening (52) is protruded from the outflow opening (52) of the film (222) and reaches 226 from its suction σ It is defined by the axially extending tubular film short tube (us). 27. The device according to item 26 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the short film tube (238) is releasably detached and is placed on the outside of the wall portion (218) in a manner equal to pressure ( 96) is connected with a reversible lid (228), and a middle portion of the reversible lid (228) is formed with an axially protruding drinking mouth (232) having an axially penetrating outlet opening (234 ), And one end of the outlet opening (234) is provided with a seal (236) that can be disconnected, and the seal (236) that can be disconnected is designed to be used for the valve device when it is inactive. Protect the exit (239) of the short film tube (238), but when the cover (228) is axially turned, the seal (236) is broken and covered as a pressure-tight sliding seal It surrounds the short film tube (238), whereby the actuator can be used directly. 28. The device according to any one of items 2 to 9 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the film (12, 48, 92) has a scratch on its outer side (58) and around the outflow opening (52) The flexible annular seal (60, 104), in the use position, surrounds a separate drinking pipe (66, 102), whereby the film 02, 48, 92) is designed to be releasable Ground is connected to the drinking pipe (66, 102). 54 1228478 29. The device according to item 28 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the drinking pipe (66, 102) is formed as a cover (68, 94), which is pressed in a way that the pressure is equal The valve device is arranged on the outer side (96) of the wall portion (8) and surrounds the valve device, and a first end portion (65, 108) of one of the drinking pipes (66, 102) is designed to be assembled. Into the seal (60, 104), and a second end portion (67, 110) of one of the drinking channels (66, 102) is connected to the cover (68, 94). 30. The device as described in item 29 of the patent scope of Shengu, characterized in that the cover (94) surrounding the drinking pipe (66, 102) is made into a drinking mouth (70, 100). )shape. 31. The device according to item 1 or 2 of the scope of patent application, characterized in that the outlet opening (34, 52, 234, 262, 364) is along the inner circumference of the device, and is a radial cover sheet with a pull ( 186), and wherein the free ends of the covers (186) are designed to be closed against each other when the valve device is inactive, and wherein the covers (186) are designed to When negative pressure (p2) is applied to the outlet opening (34, 52, 234, 262, 364), the system opens outward and in the direction of fluid outflow. 32 · —A protection device for a drinking mouth (70) of a drinking container (2, 32) with a cap (0) and a drinking mouth (70) on the outer cover (68), wherein the device includes a protection I (82) and a complementary connecting member (88, 叩, μ) for releasably connecting the protective cover (82) to the cover member (68), the protective cover (82) Is designed to cover the cover (68), characterized in that the cover (68) and the protective cover (82) are releasably connected to the drinking nozzle π (68) of the cover (68) 7〇) 的-第 — 和 centric connection part ⑻), 55 1228478 and the second and peripheral connection part (86) on the outer periphery of the protective cover (82), and wherein the cover member (68) And the protective cover (82) is connected to the first connecting portion (84) through a complementary connection portion of a flange = connecting member (88), and the cover member ⑽ and the protective cover ⑽ are connected by a basic The upper system is a complementary groove (90) and a tongue (91) facing the radial direction are connected to the second connecting portion (86). The cover (68) and the protective cover (82) are moved for the first time. Before opening the protective cover (82), Is connected to the second connection portion (86), after which the first connection portion (84) is provided with a connection to each other, and indicates that the drinking trough (2, 320) was previously opened. 33 · A method for preventing accidental fluid outflow from a drinking container (2, 32), wherein the method includes the use of a valve connected to a wall of the drinking container (2, 320) At least one opening (10, 10, 312) in the portion (8, 218, 310, 360, 386), and the wall portion (8, 218, 310, 360, 386) is the drinking container (2, 320) ), Or a part of a cap (6, 370) that is pressure-tightly provided to the drinking container (2, 32), and wherein the valve system is designed to pass through a downstream outlet opening (34 , 52, 234, 262, 364, 400) to control the outflow of the fluid, the valve system includes a movable actuator (12, 48, 92, 160, 174, 188 '200, 222, 246, 288, 326, 346,388), which is connected to a sealing element (26, 56, 120, 124, 272, 296, 328, 356, 406) ', and wherein the actuating element is 02, 48, 92, 160, 174, 188 , 200, 222, 246, 288, 326, 346, 388) are pressure-responsive and are designed to seal the element (26, 56, 120, 124, 272, 296, 32) 8,356,406) to one of the open positions for fluid outflow, characterized by 56 1228478 in that the method comprises the following steps:-the actuating element (12, 48, 92, 160, 174, 188, 200, 222, 246, 288, 326, 346, 388) pressure balanced resistance to the external pressure (P1) of the drinking container (2,320); and-the actuating element (12, 48, 92, 160, 174, 188, 200 , 222, 246, 288, 326, 346, 388) are designed so that when the pressure (P2) of the outlet opening (34, 52, 234, 262, 364, 400) is lower than the external pressure (P1)-a predetermined value At that time, open the actuating element (12, 48, 92, 160, 174, 188, 200, 222, 246, 288, 326, 346, 388) to allow the fluid to flow out, thereby obtaining a differential pressure (P1-P2 ) The actuating element is moved by a valve opening force (F1) (12, 48, 92, 160, 174, 188, 200, 222, 246, 288, 326, 346, 388). Pick-up, style: as the next page 57
TW91111527A 2001-06-05 2002-05-30 A valve device for a drinking container and a method for using the valve device TWI228478B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NO20021051A NO20021051L (en) 2001-06-05 2002-03-01 In a valve for a drinking container and a method for use avventilanordningen

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI548569B (en) * 2011-12-26 2016-09-11 吉野工業所股份有限公司 Squeezing container

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI548569B (en) * 2011-12-26 2016-09-11 吉野工業所股份有限公司 Squeezing container

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