TW510784B - Cleaning sheet - Google Patents

Cleaning sheet Download PDF

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Publication number
TW510784B
TW510784B TW090115577A TW90115577A TW510784B TW 510784 B TW510784 B TW 510784B TW 090115577 A TW090115577 A TW 090115577A TW 90115577 A TW90115577 A TW 90115577A TW 510784 B TW510784 B TW 510784B
Authority
TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
cleaning
surfactant
cleaning towel
fabric layer
towel
Prior art date
Application number
TW090115577A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Colin W Brown
Original Assignee
S C Johnson & Amp Son Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US60460000A priority Critical
Application filed by S C Johnson & Amp Son Inc filed Critical S C Johnson & Amp Son Inc
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TW510784B publication Critical patent/TW510784B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L13/00Implements for cleaning floors, carpets, furniture, walls, or wall coverings
    • A47L13/10Scrubbing; Scouring; Cleaning; Polishing
    • A47L13/16Cloths; Pads; Sponges
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L13/00Implements for cleaning floors, carpets, furniture, walls, or wall coverings
    • A47L13/10Scrubbing; Scouring; Cleaning; Polishing
    • A47L13/16Cloths; Pads; Sponges
    • A47L13/17Cloths; Pads; Sponges containing cleaning agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D17/00Detergent materials characterised by their shape or physical properties
    • C11D17/04Detergent materials characterised by their shape or physical properties combined with or containing other objects
    • C11D17/049Cleaning or scouring pads; Wipes

Abstract

A dry cleaning sheet is provided. The cleaning sheet includes a fabric layer formed from plurality of microfibers. The fabric layer includes a relatively low level of surfactant deposited on at least a portion of the fibers to enhance the wet cleaning capability of the sheet. The fabric layer may formed from a woven or nonwoven material. The surfactant is a solid or paste at room temperature and has relatively low water solubility. Cleaning implements and methods of cleaning surfaces using the cleaning sheet are also described.

Description

五、發明説明(1 ) 、头的,除塵布是用以將被清潔之表面,諸如桌 子上的灰塵除去。該些已知的除塵布是由機織織物或非織 造織物所製成的,而且通常有喷上或塗上一潮濕、油性的 物貝以留住灰塵。此清潔布在使用後容易讓油質薄膜留在 上而且貝質上通常不含有任何的界面活性劑。 其他已知的除塵布包括在纖維之間具有空隙以留住灰 塵之非織造糾結纖維。該些纖維可以湘網㈣稀鬆窗帘 用】布結構支撐,其可讀供該些清潔布額外的強度。這種 型式的清潔布在制期間會因灰塵而飽和(意喊塵累積) 及[或]可能無法有效的拾起較稠密的顆粒 粒 的碎片:該清潔布-般主要被設計用來作為乾的除塵戈布、。匕 一般熟知的清潔布通常被用來作為濕式清潔墊。該些 不可以利用機織或非織造纖維來形成。此種布可以預先充 水及肥皂’或以如皂墊的乾式型性販售。這些布的特性 疋具有相當量的界面活性劑,當該墊與水接觸時界面活性 劑會被釋放出來。這些布主要是用於濕式清潔方面,諸如 碟:盤的擦洗。其他已經預先充滿清潔溶液的擦拭布可以 在汽車清洗中被使用。皂塾和濕式擦拭金通常不是被設 在乾式清潔中使用。 因此’提供在乾式清潔中可以拾起並保留碎片,同時 在,式清潔時可釋放界面活性劑以提升其效能的清潔巾將 會是較有利的。此-清潔巾較好是能夠留存較大的粒子和 其他的碎片,諸如頭髮和棉賊,同時可以非常有效的於起 本紙張尺顏财關緖準(⑽機格⑽X297M) 510784 五、發明説明(2 ) 並保留小的灰塵粒子。這種清潔巾也可以將沈積於纖維上 具有合適之性質的界面活性劑釋出以提升其在濕式清潔中 的使用效能。 發明摘要 本發明主要是關於用於清潔家中或工作環境中織物表 面的清潔巾。比較特別地,本發明是關於具有濕式清潔能 力之乾清潔巾’其以乾式型式使用時可以聚集並保留灰塵 較大的粒子及[或]其它的料,同_錢㈣可以清潔 物件表面。該清潔巾包括佈滿可以時起並保留粒子及其他 諸如頭髮和棉絨之織物材料的表面。該織物材料可選擇地 以灰塵黏附劑處理及[或]將其混入材料中以提高它的效 力。-般有非常低的量之界面活性劑至少沈積在該織物的 一些纖維上,以提高該清潔巾使用在濕式清潔中的能力。 當其被水潤濕之後,該界面活性劑内含物可以作為除去清 潔物表面灰塵、污潰及[或]沈積物的助劑,以提高該清^ 巾在使用時的清潔能力。 該清潔巾包括有非常低的量之界面活性劑至少沈積在 該些一部份上之纖維層。被選出的織物材料在濕式型式中 可以拾起並保留微小顆粒和其他諸如頭髮和棉絨的碎片。 這些清潔巾也可以藉由將其充滿水或其它的清潔溶液,而 當濕擦拭巾用以助於除去煩人的污潰或沈積物。該清潔巾 通常至少有500克/30公釐之斷裂強度。打算被用來固定在 如拖把頭之器具上,在500克/30公釐之負荷時其伸長率大 約不超過25%。 510784 A7 _____B7 五、發明説明(3 ) 該界面活性劑在室溫下通常是糊狀或固體狀,而且有 相當低的水溶性,舉例來說在25 °C時水溶解度不超過 20wt%。具有在大約1 〇至丨8之親水/親油平衡值(“hlb”)的 界面活性劑通常可以滿足後者的性質。有此性質之界面活 性劑舉例來說包括許多不同之商業化非離子型與陰離子型 界面活性。界面活性劑可以以連續型式或無規型式或重複 的圖式沈積在該清潔巾的纖維上。該界面活性劑的選擇及 沈積的量,是以該清潔巾在乾式型式清潔方法中不會被擦 掉為準。該界面活性劑可以利用滾塗、噴塗或其它的方法 塗佈在該織物層上。該界面活性劑較好是以該清潔巾具有 太高的韌性及[或]剛性的型式塗佈在該織物層上。依據界 面活性劑的型式與塗佈的方式,該界面活性劑可以沈積在 該些纖維布中的深度及/或纖維之周圍±。截面活性劑沈積 之所得物是一當該清潔巾潮濕時,可以釋放部份之界面活 性劑之柔軟的清潔布。 在貝施例中,5亥清潔巾包括由鬆散的糾結纖維網形 成的非織造纖維聚積層。此纖維網的基重一般是5〇至15〇 克/公尺2 ’且橫越機械方向(CD)之起始模數(“糾結係數,,) 不超過800公尺。界面活性劑的沈積通常不會超過形成該網 之纖維的20%,比較典型地是沈積在不超過1()%的纖維 上。該非織造聚積物較好是由不超過3丹尼的維纖維所形 成。為了提升該纖維網拾起並保留微粒子及油污的能力, 由一般細度及超細纖維之混合物形成該非織造聚積物是較 有利的’舉例來說以U丹尼之維纖維及^至^丹尼之維 (請先閱讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁) 、可| :線·5. Description of the invention (1) For the head, the dust-removing cloth is used to remove the dust on the surface to be cleaned, such as a table. These known dust-removing cloths are made of a woven fabric or a non-woven fabric, and are usually sprayed or coated with a moist, oily substance to retain dust. This cleaning cloth is easy to leave oily film on after use and the shellfish usually does not contain any surfactant. Other known dust-removing cloths include nonwoven entangled fibers with spaces between the fibers to retain dust. These fibers can be supported by the fabric of the Hunan mesh scrim curtain, which can be read for additional strength of the cleaning cloths. This type of cleaning cloth will be saturated with dust during the manufacturing process (intended to accumulate dust) and / or may not be able to effectively pick up the fragments of denser particles: the cleaning cloth is generally designed to be used as a dry Dust Gob, Cleaning cloths commonly known are commonly used as wet cleaning pads. These cannot be formed using woven or non-woven fibers. Such cloths can be pre-filled with water and soap 'or sold as a dry type such as soap pads. The characteristics of these cloths are that they have a significant amount of surfactant, which is released when the pad comes in contact with water. These cloths are mainly used for wet cleaning, such as dish: disc scrubbing. Other wipes that have been pre-filled with cleaning solutions can be used in car washing. Soap and wet wipes are usually not designed for dry cleaning. Therefore, it would be advantageous to provide a cleaning towel that can pick up and retain debris during dry cleaning, while releasing surfactants to improve its effectiveness during dry cleaning. This-cleaning towel is better to be able to retain larger particles and other debris, such as hair and cotton thieves, and can be very effective at the same time as the paper ruler Yan Cai Guan Xu Zun (⑽ 机 格 ⑽X297M) 510784 5. Description of the invention (2) Keep small dust particles. Such cleaning towels can also release surfactants with suitable properties deposited on the fibers to enhance their use in wet cleaning. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates generally to cleaning wipes for cleaning the surface of fabrics in a home or work environment. More specifically, the present invention relates to a dry cleaning towel having a wet cleaning ability, which can collect and retain large dust particles and / or other materials when used in a dry type, and the same can be used to clean the surface of objects. The wipe includes a surface that is covered with particles and other fabric materials such as hair and lint. The fabric material may optionally be treated with a dust adhesive and / or incorporated into the material to increase its effectiveness. -Generally a very low amount of surfactant is deposited on at least some of the fibers of the fabric to increase the ability of the wipe to be used in wet cleaning. After it is wetted with water, the surfactant content can be used as an adjuvant to remove dust, dirt and / or deposits on the surface of the cleaning agent, so as to improve the cleaning ability of the cleaning towel during use. The cleaning towel includes a fiber layer having a very low amount of a surfactant deposited on at least the portions. The selected fabric material can pick up and retain fine particles and other debris such as hair and lint in the wet version. These wipes can also be used to help remove annoying stains or deposits by filling them with water or other cleaning solutions. The cleaning towel typically has a breaking strength of at least 500 g / 30 mm. It is intended to be fixed to an appliance such as a mop head, and its elongation does not exceed about 25% at a load of 500 g / 30 mm. 510784 A7 _____B7 V. Description of the invention (3) The surfactant is usually pasty or solid at room temperature and has relatively low water solubility. For example, the water solubility does not exceed 20% by weight at 25 ° C. Surfactants with a hydrophilic / lipophilic balance ("hlb") in the range of about 10 to about 8 generally satisfy the latter properties. Surfactants having this property include, for example, many different commercial nonionic and anionic interfacial activities. The surfactant may be deposited on the fibers of the cleaning towel in a continuous or random pattern or a repeating pattern. The selection of the surfactant and the amount of deposition are based on the fact that the cleaning towel will not be wiped off in the dry-type cleaning method. The surfactant can be applied to the fabric layer by roll coating, spray coating or other methods. The surfactant is preferably applied to the fabric layer in a pattern in which the cleaning towel has too high toughness and / or rigidity. Depending on the type and coating method of the surfactant, the surfactant can be deposited in the fiber cloth to a depth and / or around the fiber. The result of the cross-section active agent deposition is a soft cleaning cloth that can release part of the surfactant when the cleaning towel is wet. In the Bayer example, the 5Hai wipes include a layer of nonwoven fibers formed from a loose, tangled fiber web. The basis weight of this web is generally 50 to 150 g / m 2 'and the initial modulus ("tangling coefficient,") across the machine direction (CD) does not exceed 800 m. Deposition of surfactants It usually does not exceed 20% of the fibers forming the web, and is typically deposited on fibers not exceeding 1 ()%. The nonwoven aggregate is preferably formed from a fiber of not more than 3 denier. In order to improve The fiber web has the ability to pick up and retain fine particles and oil stains. It is advantageous to form the nonwoven aggregate from a mixture of general fineness and ultra-fine fibers. Wei (Please read the precautions on the back before filling this page), OK |: Line ·
五、發明説明 纖維混合物來製備。 ^戴杨成的機織織物’諸如SeotehbdteTM材料( 由明尼蘇達聖保羅3M ,(可 處理,而且可以、由田D’也可以利用界面活性劑 了以被用於本發明清潔巾中之織物層。 網狀物一般是利用與形成此處說明之非織造網狀物相= 型的錢維所形成。該機織網狀織物通常是 微纖維所形成。 尼的 本發明之清潔巾可以印上如炫融物或含有揮發溶劑之 混合物界面活性劑的圖式。如果使用含有溶狀混合物, 暴 =被處理的清潔巾-般會面對—氣流(可以暴露或沒有 路於一熱原下)以將殘留的溶劑除去。 如此處所用之詞“糾結係數,,是指纟該纖維聚積物(橫 過機械方向)中垂直於該纖維朝向之方向上所測得之應力_ 應變曲線的起始梯度。在此處該糾結係數也可以指“CD起 始模數,,。適合用於形成本發明之清潔巾的非織造纖維聚積 物,-般具有20至800的糾結係數(在將該非織造纖維網狀 物中任一強化纖維或網狀物去除後測量所得),而且更典型 的是,不超過300公尺。 在此處使用之糾結係數(此處也稱作“CD起始模數,,)被 用來表示在該纖維聚積物中該些纖維糾結的程度。該糾結 係數是用垂直於該非織造纖維聚積物之纖維朝向的方向, 也就是橫過機械方向(“橫跨的方向,,或“CD”),所測得之靡 力-應變曲線的起始梯度來表示。糾結係數的數值較小。表 示纖維的糾結程度較小。此處所用之該詞“應力,,是指由負 本紙張尺度適用中國國家標準(CNS) A4規格(210X297公釐) /δ4 Α7 —--------Β7_ ^Λ ( 5 ) ' " ~ 荷之抗張強度值除以夾頭寬度(意即在抗張強度測試期間 該試驗狀物的寬度)以及該非織造纖維聚積物的基重所得 (請先閲讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁) 的數值。此處所用之該詞“應變,,是指該清潔巾材料的I 率。 此處所用之該詞“斷裂強度,,是指當張力負荷施加到該 清潔巾上時,該清潔巾開始產生斷裂的負荷值(意即在抗張 強度測里期間的第 > —個峰值)。 此處所用之該詞“伸長率,,是指當500克的張力施加至 該條狀物時,30公釐的清潔巾材料在長度上相對增加的 量。該條狀物以30公釐/分鐘的速率在垂直於該纖維的朝向 之方向(思即橫跨機械的方向)上被拉伸。 此處所用之該詞“非織造網狀物,,是指具有個別纖維結 構或彼此交織,但沒有如編織織物之規則的或相同的方式 的紗線之結構的網狀物。該詞“非織造網狀物,,包括非織造 網狀物及個別的長絲與單紗、紗線或纖維束,以及已經被 原纖化、有孔的或其它的處理以賦予類纖維性質的泡棉和 薄膜。非織造織物或網狀物可以由許多方法形成,舉例來 說諸如熔喷法、紡黏法,以及黏合梳理纖維網法。在此整 個應用中,該詞“非織造纖維聚積物,,、“纖維網狀物,,和‘‘非 織造聚積物”和“非織造網狀物”是可以交互使用的。 該非織造織物的基重通常以每平方碼之材料的盎司數 (“〇sy”)或每平方公尺的克數(“gsm”),同時可使用之纖維的 直徑通常表示成微米。藉由將osy數值乘以33.91即可簡單 地將osy的基重轉換成gsm 本紙張尺度適用中國國家標準(CNS) A4規格(210X297公釐) 五、發明説明(6 ) 此處所用之該詞“微纖維,,是指平均直徑不大於乃微米 的小直徑纖維,舉例來說,平均直徑是大約〇5微米至大約 5〇微米,或比較特別地,平均直徑是大約2微米至大約4〇 微米的微纖維。另一種常被用來表示纖維直徑的是丹尼, 其定義是每9000公尺纖維的克數,且其乘以密度(公克/立 方公分)再乘以0·00707而換算成平方微米表示的纖維直 徑。低丹尼數表示是較細的纖維而較高丹尼數表示是較厚 或較重的纖維。舉例來說,直徑15微米的聚丙烯纖維先平 方,所得結果乘以·89公克/立方公分同時再乘以〇〇〇7〇7即 可轉換成丹尼數。因此,15微米的聚丙烯纖維的丹尼數大 約是1·42(152χ0·89χ0·00707=1·415)。在美國以外的地區, 更常用的測量單位是”特”,其定義是每公里纖維的克數。 可以由丹尼數/9計算特數。 此處所用之該詞“平均截面尺寸,,是指在本清潔巾之外 面的織物表面區域的平均尺寸。“平均截面尺寸,,(“acsd,,) 等於空孔之最長的截面軸之長度和垂直於該最長軸 之截面軸的長度(“I/,,)的和的一半,也就是, ACSD 气L 丨+Ls)/2· 此處所用之該詞”截面積”是指織物表面之外部平面區 域(意即清潔的表面)的面積。 主很重要需注意的是,在本發明中所用的術語“表面,,和 /月〆表面”是廣義的用語而不是一個有所倚限的用語。該 詞表面實質上包括硬的或不易彎曲的表面(舉例來說如家 /、桌子、棚架、地板、天花板的、硬的室内陳設、家居 本紙張尺度適用中國國家標準T^s) Μ規格⑵0X297公釐) 510784 A7 ________B7 ___ 五、發明説明(7 ) '- —--- 設備及類似物),以及相當軟的或半硬的表面(舉例來說如 %子、地毯、軟的家具、亞麻布、衣服和類似物)。 日也很重要需注意的是,該詞“碎片,,是廣義的用語而不 是-個有所侷限的用語。除灰塵和其他細微的粒子之外, 碎片包括無法以傳統的除塵布清理之相當大的粒子材料, 舉例來說平均直徑大於丨公釐,諸如大顆粒的灰塵、土壌、 棉絨、和纖維廢料及頭髮,以及灰塵和其它的細污物粒子。 如此處所用之該詞“熔點,,是指材料由固體轉化成液體 的溫度,也就是一種牽涉熔解熱的相變化。此處所用之該 词“流動點”是指材料停止流動的溫度(以美國材料試驗學 會測量方法D97測量)。因此,流動點是一種牽涉相變化的 性貝’但其通常是以材料黏度性質變化作依據。 此專利申請之主旨可以參考此清潔巾的各種不同的實 施例。所說明的各種不同之實施例只是作為舉例說明用, 而且不需將其理解為是其他種類之說明。應注意的是此處 所提供之各種不同實施例的說明可能有重疊的範圍。此處 所討論的實施例只是說明用,而不是限定本發明之範圍。 要說明 第1圖疋包含有界面活性劑沈積而可以被用來形成、、主 潔巾之纖維的部份不織布纖維層的平面圖。 第2圖是第1圖中說明之部份不織布纖維層的截面 式。 團 第3圖是包含有界面活性劑沈積而可以被用來形成清 潔巾之纖維的部份機織纖維層的平面圖。 本紙張尺錢财_家鮮(CNS) A4規格(210 X 297公董) ^----- ....... ........::裝..................訂..................線· (請先閲讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁) 510784 五、發明説明(8 ) 第4圖是可以用來強化產生本發明清潔巾之非機織纖 維聚積層的格子狀網層的平面圖。 第5圖是可以用來形成本發明清潔巾之格狀支轉的非 機織纖維聚積層的截面圖。 第6圖是可以用來形成潔巾的—般非機織纖維聚積層 的應力-應變曲線圖。 詳細說明 當本發明之清潔巾被用作是乾式除塵布來收集並留住 在一表面上之油類、微粒子、棉絨頭髮和其他的碎片時是 非常有效的。除此之外,該些清潔巾可以被作為濕式清潔 用。舉例來說,該些清潔巾可以飽含水分以助於去除—表 面上之污垢、污點及[或]沈積物。該清潔巾包括至少在部 份纖維上沈積非常少量之界面活性劑的織物層。所選定之 該織物材料在乾燥型式時可以拾起並留住油類、微粒子及 [或]其他的碎片’諸如頭髮和棉絨。也可以藉由在該清潔 巾中含浸水分或其他清潔溶劑而作為濕式擦拭巾,以利於 除去煩人的污潰或沈積物。 忒些清潔巾含有非常低量的界面活性劑,一般是硬表 面清潔劑之類。該界面活性劑可均勻地分散在整個清潔巾 之不織布層。更普遍地,該界面活性劑可以被分散在散佈 於该非機織層中沒有以同量之界面活性劑處理的區域之間 的不連‘區域中。該含有界面活性劑之不連續區域可以是 具有各種不同形狀的不連續區域。舉例來說,該含有界面 活U區域可以是圓形(“點”)、多角形或有不規則(“無定 本紙娜(21^ΙΪ7V. Description of the invention A fiber mixture is prepared. ^ Dai Yangcheng's woven fabrics such as SeotehbdteTM material (3M, St. Paul, Minnesota, (processable, but also, by Tian D ') can also use a surfactant to be used in the fabric layer in the cleaning towel of the present invention. It is generally formed by forming a non-woven mesh with the shape described here. The woven mesh fabric is usually formed of microfibers. The cleaning wipes of the present invention can be printed with a dazzling melt or Schematic diagram of a mixture of surfactants containing volatile solvents. If a solvent-containing mixture is used, storm = treated cleaning towels-usually faced-airflow (can be exposed or not under a pyrogen) to remove residual solvents Remove. As used herein, the term "tangling coefficient" refers to the starting gradient of the stress_strain curve measured in the fiber accumulation (transverse the mechanical direction) in a direction perpendicular to the direction of the fiber. Here The entanglement coefficient may also refer to the "CD initial modulus." Nonwoven fiber aggregates suitable for forming the cleaning towel of the present invention generally have a entanglement coefficient of 20 to 800 (in the nonwoven (Measured after removing any reinforcing fiber or mesh in the two-dimensional network), and more typically, it does not exceed 300 meters. The tangling coefficient used here (also referred to herein as the "CD initial modulus" ,,) is used to indicate the degree of entanglement of the fibers in the fiber accumulation. The entanglement coefficient is the direction perpendicular to the direction of the fibers of the nonwoven fiber accumulation, that is, across the mechanical direction ("crossing direction" , Or "CD"), expressed by the starting gradient of the measured force-strain curve. The value of the entanglement coefficient is smaller. It indicates that the degree of entanglement of the fiber is smaller. The term "stress" used here is Refers to the negative paper size applicable to the Chinese National Standard (CNS) A4 specification (210X297 mm) / δ4 Α7 —-------- Β7_ ^ Λ (5) '" ~ the tensile strength value of the load divided by The value of the chuck width (meaning the width of the test object during the tensile strength test) and the basis weight of the nonwoven fiber accumulation (please read the precautions on the back before filling this page). The value used here The word "strain" refers to the I rate of the cleaning towel material The term "breaking strength" as used herein refers to the value of the load at which the cleaning towel starts to break when a tensile load is applied to the cleaning towel (meaning the > one during the tensile strength measurement). Peak). The term "elongation" as used herein refers to the relative increase in length of a 30-mm cleaning towel material when 500 g of tension is applied to the strip. The rate of millimeters per minute is stretched in a direction perpendicular to the direction of the fiber (thus, the direction across the machine). The term "nonwoven web" as used herein refers to an individual fiber structure or A network of yarns that are intertwined with each other, but do not have the structure of a regular or the same way as a woven fabric. The term "nonwoven mesh, includes non-woven mesh and individual filaments and single yarns, Yarns or fiber bundles, as well as foams and films that have been fibrillated, perforated, or otherwise treated to impart fiber-like properties. Nonwoven fabrics or webs can be formed by many methods, such as, for example, meltblown, spunbond, and bonded carded web methods. Throughout this application, the terms "nonwoven fiber aggregate,", "fibrous web," and "nonwoven aggregate" and "nonwoven web" are used interchangeably. Basis weight is usually expressed in ounces per square yard of material ("〇sy") or grams per square meter ("gsm"), and the diameter of the usable fiber is usually expressed in microns. By multiplying the osy value The basic weight of osy can be easily converted to gsm at 33.91. The paper size is applicable to the Chinese National Standard (CNS) A4 specification (210X297 mm). 5. Description of the invention (6) The word "microfiber" used here is Refers to small diameter fibers with an average diameter of no more than nanometers, for example, microfibers with an average diameter of about 0.05 micrometers to about 50 micrometers, or more particularly, an average diameter of about 2 micrometers to about 40 micrometers. Another type that is often used to indicate fiber diameter is Danny, which is defined as the number of grams per 9,000 meters of fiber, which is multiplied by the density (g / cm3) and then multiplied by 0.0000707 to convert to square micrometers. Fiber diameter. A low denier number indicates a thinner fiber and a higher denier number indicates a thicker or heavier fiber. For example, a polypropylene fiber with a diameter of 15 microns is squared first, and the result obtained is multiplied by · 89 g / cm3 and then multiplied by 007007 to convert it into a Denny number. Therefore, the denier number of a 15-micron polypropylene fiber is approximately 1.42 (152χ0 · 89χ0 · 00707 = 1.415). Outside the United States, the more commonly used unit of measurement is "te", which is defined as grams per kilometer of fiber. Special numbers can be calculated from the Danny number / 9. As used herein, the term "average cross-sectional size" refers to the average size of the surface area of the fabric outside the cleaning towel. "Average cross-sectional size," ("acsd,") equals the length of the longest cross-section axis of the void And half of the length ("I / ,,) of the section axis perpendicular to the longest axis, that is, ACSD gas L 丨 + Ls) / 2. The term" cross-sectional area "as used herein refers to the surface of the fabric The area of the outer flat area (meaning a clean surface). It is important to note that the terms "surface, and / or surface" used in the present invention are broad terms and not a limited term. The term surface essentially includes hard or non-flexible surfaces (for example, home / tables, shelves, flooring, ceilings, hard interior furnishings, home furnishings. This paper applies the Chinese national standard T ^ s). M specifications ⑵0X297 Mm) 510784 A7 ________B7 ___ V. Description of the invention (7) '---- --- equipment and the like), and relatively soft or semi-hard surfaces (for example,% s, carpets, soft furniture, linen Cloth, clothes, and the like). It is also important to note that the word "debris," is a broad term and not a limited term. Except for dust and other fine particles, debris includes the equivalent that cannot be cleaned with a traditional dusting cloth. Large particle materials, for example, having an average diameter greater than 丨 mm, such as large particles of dust, soil, cotton wool, and fiber waste and hair, as well as dust and other fine dirt particles. The term "melting point" as used herein , Refers to the temperature at which a material changes from a solid to a liquid, which is a phase change involving the heat of fusion. The term "flow point" as used herein refers to the temperature at which the material stops flowing (measured by the American Society for Testing and Materials Measurement Method D97). Therefore, the pour point is a kind of phase that involves phase change, but it is usually based on changes in the viscosity properties of the material. The subject matter of this patent application can be referred to various embodiments of the cleaning towel. The various embodiments described are for illustration purposes only, and need not be understood as other types of illustrations. It should be noted that the description of the various embodiments provided herein may have overlapping scopes. The embodiments discussed herein are illustrative only and not intended to limit the scope of the invention. Illustrated in Figure 1 is a plan view of a portion of a non-woven fibrous layer that contains surfactant deposits that can be used to form the fibers of the main wiper. Fig. 2 is a sectional view of a part of the non-woven fiber layer described in Fig. 1. Figure 3 is a plan view of a portion of a woven fibrous layer that contains surfactant deposition and can be used to form the fibers of a cleaning towel. Paper Rule Money_ 家 鲜 (CNS) A4 Specification (210 X 297 Public Director) ^ ----- ....... ........ :: ...... ............ Order ........ line · (Please read the notes on the back before filling this page) 510784 V. Invention Explanation (8) FIG. 4 is a plan view of a grid-like mesh layer that can be used to reinforce the non-woven fiber accumulation layer of the cleaning towel of the present invention. Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view of a non-woven fiber accumulating layer that can be used to form a grid-like spin-off of the cleaning towel of the present invention. Figure 6 is a stress-strain curve of a non-woven fiber build-up layer that can be used to form a tissue. DETAILED DESCRIPTION The cleaning towel of the present invention is very effective when it is used as a dry dusting cloth to collect and retain oil, fine particles, lint and other debris on a surface. In addition, these cleaning towels can be used for wet cleaning. For example, these wipes can be saturated with water to help remove—dirt, stains, and / or deposits on the surface. The cleaning towel includes a fabric layer having a very small amount of a surfactant deposited on at least a portion of the fibers. The selected fabric material can pick up and retain oils, particulates, and / or other debris ' such as hair and lint when dry. It can also be used as a wet wipe by impregnating moisture or other cleaning solvents into the wipe to facilitate removal of annoying stains or deposits. Some cleaning towels contain very low levels of surfactants, typically hard surface cleaners and the like. The surfactant is evenly dispersed throughout the nonwoven layer of the cleaning towel. More generally, the surfactant can be dispersed in non-connected ' regions interspersed in the non-woven layer that are not treated with the same amount of surfactant. The discontinuous region containing the surfactant may be a discontinuous region having various shapes. For example, the active U-containing region may be circular ("point"), polygonal, or irregular ("undefined paper Na (21 ^ ΙΪ7
(請先閲讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁) 訂· :線· 510784 A7 ____B7 五、發明説明(9 ) 形”)的形狀。第1圖說明由非織造纖維聚積物丨形成之清潔 巾的部份,其有許多含有界面活性劑的圓形區域2。另一方 面,該含有界面活性劑的不連續區域可以是線狀,舉例來 說如第3圖所示之曲線10。該界面活性劑可以僅沈積在該清 潔巾之外表面的纖維上。不過,比較普遍的是該界面活性 劑是被沈積在内部的纖維以及接近該織物外表面之纖維 上。第2圖說明包含具有由外表面延伸至織物内部之界面活 性劑區域的纖維織物。這個類型的纖維織物能藉由塗佈熔 融狀界面活性劑,或具由相當低黏度之含有溶劑的界面活 性劑混合物,以允許該界面活性劑可以被傳輸進入該織物 中而被形成。該些含有界面活性劑的區域可以規則的、重 複的圖式排列或者是沒有規則的分散。 所有含有界面活性劑的區域的截面積,通常大約是該 織物層外表面的所有表面積的2-3%。這些區域的截面之整 體面積一般是不超過所有表面積之25%。當作為乾式除塵 布使用時,如此可允許有足夠的界面活性劑介在物,以利 於頑固的沈積物與類似物的去除,而不會實質上改變該清 潔巾的總體性質。雖然在一些情況中,含有界面活性劑之 區域面積佔該清潔巾之總表面積相當大的百分比,例如高 達總面積之40%,特別合適的清潔巾,包括該些所有含有 界面活性劑區域的截面積是相當於整體表面積之至 10%者。如本文其他地方所提到的,在其他實施例中,低 量的界面活性劑可以均勾地分散在該織物層的整個表面 本紙張尺度適用中國國家標準(CNS) Μ規格(21〇χ297公釐〉 (請先閱讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁) 訂---- :線丨 五 10 本紙張尺度適用中國國家標準(〇^) A4規格(210X297公着) A7 B7 、發明說明( 。亥些界面活性劑可以被刷塗或喷塗在將被塗裝的表面 上。根據清潔巾的設計,料面活性劑可被塗佈成一連續 層,例如塗佈在纖維織物的一側或被用來形成該清潔巾之 勺月層上,或以不連續的方式塗佈。舉例來說,該界 面活性劑可以被滾軋或喷塗(以溶液或熔融物進行)在該清 >糸α巾之外織物表面的特定區域上。在另一實施例中,清潔 2可藉由將不連續區塊的界面活性劑散佈或噴塗在柔軟的 背層上,並且使纖維織物與該背層接觸,使得至少有一部 {刀之界面活性劑被沈積在該織物的纖維上而形成的。 特別合適的界面活性劑類型包括陰離子型界面活性劑 和非離子型界面活性劑。所選擇的界面活性劑在一般的室 溫下(也就是接近25t:的溫度)是糊狀或固體狀。比較普遍 的是,界面活性劑的熔點至少大約是35t:,較好是至少大 約40 C。該界面活性劑一般也有相當低的水溶解度。如此 至少可以完成兩個目的。當該清潔巾是在潮濕狀態使用 時’合解在含浸於該清潔巾中之水分内的界面活性劑的量 較低,其結果是在表面上僅有低劑量的界面活性劑需要被 清理。如此可避免界面活性劑堆積在表面上。除此之外, 如果界面活性劑相當不溶,則在單一次使用期間不會將所 有的有界面活性劑溶解。這使得該清潔巾使用次數可以超 過一次,較好是在拋棄前可以多次使用。談界面活性劑也 可以利用它的親水性/親油性平衡值(“HLB,,)表現其特性。 疋一個用來表示所給定之界面活性劑之相對親水性和親 13(Please read the precautions on the back before filling in this page) Order: Thread 510784 A7 ____B7 V. Description of the invention (9) Shape "). Figure 1 illustrates the cleaning towel formed by the accumulation of non-woven fibers 丨In part, it has many circular regions 2 containing surfactants. On the other hand, the discontinuous regions containing surfactants can be linear, such as curve 10 shown in Figure 3. The interfacial activity The agent can be deposited only on the fibers on the outer surface of the cleaning towel. However, it is more common that the surfactant is deposited on the fibers on the inside and on the fibers near the outer surface of the fabric. A fibrous fabric whose surface extends to the surfactant area inside the fabric. This type of fibrous fabric can be coated with a molten surfactant or a mixture of surfactants containing solvents with a relatively low viscosity to allow the surfactant The agent can be transported into the fabric to be formed. The areas containing the surfactant can be arranged in a regular, repeating pattern or without regular dispersion. The cross-sectional area of the area containing the surfactant is usually about 2-3% of the total surface area of the outer surface of the fabric layer. The overall area of the cross-section of these areas is generally not more than 25% of the total surface area. When used as a dry dusting cloth In use, this may allow sufficient surfactant mediation to facilitate the removal of stubborn deposits and the like without substantially altering the overall properties of the cleaning towel. Although in some cases, surfactants are included The area of the area accounts for a considerable percentage of the total surface area of the cleaning towel, such as up to 40% of the total area. Particularly suitable cleaning towels, including the cross-sectional area of all the surfactant-containing areas, are equivalent to 10% of the total surface area. As mentioned elsewhere in this article, in other embodiments, a low amount of surfactant can be evenly dispersed throughout the entire surface of the fabric layer. This paper is scaled to the Chinese National Standard (CNS) M specifications (21 °). χ297 mm> (Please read the precautions on the back before filling out this page) Order ----: Line 丨 5 10 This paper size applies to Chinese national standards ( ^) A4 size (210X297) A7 B7, invention description (. Some surfactants can be brushed or sprayed on the surface to be painted. According to the design of the cleaning towel, the surface active agent can be coated Cloth in a continuous layer, such as coated on one side of a fibrous fabric or used to form a spoon layer of the cleaning towel, or applied in a discontinuous manner. For example, the surfactant can be rolled or Spraying (as a solution or a melt) on a specific area of the fabric surface outside the cleaning > 糸 α towel. In another embodiment, the cleaning 2 can be performed by spreading the discontinuous block of surfactant or Sprayed on a soft backing layer, and the fiber fabric is brought into contact with the backing layer, so that at least a {knife's surfactant is deposited on the fabric's fibers. Particularly suitable types of surfactants include anionic Surfactants and non-ionic surfactants. The selected surfactants are pasty or solid at normal room temperature (that is, temperatures near 25t :). More generally, the melting point of the surfactant is at least about 35 ° C, and preferably at least about 40 ° C. The surfactants also generally have relatively low water solubility. This will accomplish at least two purposes. When the cleaning towel is used in a wet state, the amount of the surfactant dissolved in the water impregnated in the cleaning towel is low, and as a result, only a low amount of the surfactant on the surface needs to be cleaned. This prevents the surfactant from accumulating on the surface. In addition, if the surfactant is relatively insoluble, all surfactants will not be dissolved during a single use. This allows the cleaning towel to be used more than once, preferably multiple times before being discarded. Talking about surfactants can also take advantage of its hydrophilicity / lipophilicity balance ("HLB ,,") to show its characteristics. 疋 One is used to indicate the relative hydrophilicity and affinity of a given surfactant 13
------------------------裝…: (請先閲讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁) ;tr..................線- )川784 A7 -~____ ___B7 __ 五、發明説明(U ) 油性的參數。具有低HLB值之界面活性劑較親油。具有較 鬲HLB值之界面活性劑較親水而且較容易溶於水。為了提 昇本發明清潔巾之濕清潔力,一般使用HLB值為10至18, 較好是13至16的界面活性劑是較有利的。 可被用來提昇該清潔巾的濕清潔力之合適的非離子型 界面活性劑例如包括乙氧基烷醇、乙氧基烯醇、聚氧丙基一 聚氧乙基嵌段共聚物、聚乙二醇單酯、烷基苯氧基_聚乙烯 氧化物、脂肪酸二醇單酯、鏈烷烴乙氧基羧酸酯、烷基二 甲基胺氧化物和脂肪酸羥烷基醯胺。合適的聚氧丙基_聚氧 乙基嵌段共聚物包括具有12至18之HLB值的共聚物。合適 的聚乙二醇單酯包括脂肪酸單酯,而且特別地如具有丨2至 18個碳原子之脂肪酸的單酯。具有16至18個碳原子之烧基 的乙氧基脂肪醇。 如上述說明,該界面活性劑也可包括陰離子型的界面 活性劑。可以被用來作為本發明之清潔巾一部份之合適的 陰離子型界面活性劑包括脂肪酸鹽、烷基磺酸鹽、烧基苯 磺酸鹽、烷醇磺酸鹽和類似物。合適的脂肪酸鹽例如包括 脂肪酸的鈣及[或]鎂鹽。此鹽類一般包括在烷基侧鏈上具 有至少11至17個碳原子之脂肪酸鹽。 因為本發明之清潔巾通常被用於濕式清潔的應用上, 其中以濕的清潔巾擦拭或擦洗被弄鱗的表面,且不需要後 績的沖洗,其較好是使用具有相當低之發泡特性之界面活 性劑。舉例來說,使用在5〇。〇下進行羅司米爾斯發泡試驗 (RossMilesfoamtest),其發泡高度(此處稱為“羅司米爾斯 本紙張尺度適用中國國家標準(CNS) A4規格(210X297公楚) 14 ------------------------裝------------------訂:................線· (請先閱讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁) 510784------------------------ Install ...: (Please read the notes on the back before filling this page); tr ........ .......... Line-) Chuan 784 A7-~ ____ ___B7 __ 5. Description of the Invention (U) Oily parameters. Surfactants with low HLB values are more lipophilic. Surfactants with a higher HLB value are more hydrophilic and more soluble in water. In order to improve the wet cleaning power of the cleaning towel of the present invention, it is generally advantageous to use a surfactant having an HLB value of 10 to 18, preferably 13 to 16. Suitable non-ionic surfactants that can be used to enhance the wet cleaning power of the wipes include, for example, ethoxyalkanol, ethoxyenol, polyoxypropyl-polyoxyethyl block copolymer, poly Ethylene glycol monoester, alkylphenoxy-polyethylene oxide, fatty acid diol monoester, paraffin ethoxycarboxylic acid ester, alkyldimethylamine oxide, and fatty acid hydroxyalkylamidate. Suitable polyoxypropyl-polyoxyethyl block copolymers include copolymers having an HLB value of 12 to 18. Suitable polyethylene glycol monoesters include fatty acid monoesters, and in particular monoesters of fatty acids having 2 to 18 carbon atoms. An ethoxy fatty alcohol having an alkyl group of 16 to 18 carbon atoms. As described above, the surfactant may also include an anionic surfactant. Suitable anionic surfactants that can be used as part of the cleaning towels of the present invention include fatty acid salts, alkyl sulfonates, alkylbenzene sulfonates, alkanol sulfonates and the like. Suitable fatty acid salts include, for example, calcium and / or magnesium salts of fatty acids. Such salts generally include fatty acid salts having at least 11 to 17 carbon atoms in the alkyl side chain. Because the cleaning towel of the present invention is generally used in wet cleaning applications, in which a scaly surface is wiped or scrubbed with a wet cleaning towel, and subsequent washing is not required, it is preferably used with relatively low hair Surfactant with foam properties. For example, use at 50. 〇 Under the RossMilesfoamtest, the foam height (here referred to as "RossMiles Foamtest" applies to the Chinese National Standard (CNS) A4 specification (210X297)) 14 ---- -------------------- Install ------------------ Order: ......... ....... Line · (Please read the notes on the back before filling in this page) 510784
發泡高度,,)不超過100公釐,較好是不超過大約75公釐的界 面活性劑是特別合適的。 般來說,該清潔巾的總體厚度至少是大約1公釐,而 且適合的清潔巾通常具有大約1·5公釐至3公釐或更厚的厚 度。本發明清潔巾之實施例通常不包括柔軟的背層。在此 凊况中,該織物層通常有一點厚。舉例來說,此清潔巾可 以由稍厚的織物層(舉例來說,大約3公釐至5公釐)形成。 存在於其他清潔巾實施例中的柔軟的背層,一般是用來提 供該清潔巾強度及尺寸安定性。該清潔巾可以有足夠的厚 度,使在該層中含有多數的支撐細線及[或]支撐的網狀物。 根據特別適合的實施例,該清潔巾包含由微纖維形成 的不織布層。該不織布層一般是鬆散的微纖維聚積物。在 該微纖維聚積物中之纖維丹尼數、透過用於該非機造纖維 κ積物的長度、截面形狀和纖維強度一般可以決定其可加 工性及成本。該些微纖維普遍有大約0.1至5的丹尼數,更 普遍的是大約0.5至2。一個被用作清潔巾之外表層的合適 不織布織物的實施例是由具有丨至2丹尼之較厚的維纖維與 不超過大約0.9丹尼,且通常大約是〇·2(較好是大約〇·5至 0-9)的混合物所形成。適合用於產生本發明清潔巾之非機 織聚積物,其具有中量比大約是5〇 ·· 5〇至2〇 ·· 8〇之該些較 厚及較細纖維。 第2圖顯示本發明清潔巾的一個實施例的截面圖。所顯 示的該清潔巾之非機織聚積物層是由在其中具有多數含界 面活性劑區域3之非機織纖維丨的糾結網狀物所形成。由在 本紙張尺度適用中國國家標準(CNS〉A4規格(210X297公楚) 15 (請先閲讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁) 訂丨 :線丨 510784 A7Particularly suitable are surfactants having a foaming height, () of not more than 100 mm, and preferably not more than about 75 mm. Generally, the overall thickness of the cleaning towel is at least about 1 mm, and suitable cleaning towels typically have a thickness of about 1.5 mm to 3 mm or more. Embodiments of the cleaning wipes of the present invention typically do not include a soft backing layer. In this case, the fabric layer is usually a little thick. For example, this cleaning towel can be formed from a slightly thicker fabric layer (for example, about 3 mm to 5 mm). The soft backing layer present in other cleaning towel embodiments is generally used to provide the strength and dimensional stability of the cleaning towel. The cleaning towel may be of sufficient thickness so that most of the supporting thin threads and / or supporting meshes are contained in the layer. According to a particularly suitable embodiment, the cleaning towel comprises a non-woven fabric layer formed of microfibers. The nonwoven layer is generally a loose accumulation of microfibers. The fiber denier number in the microfiber aggregate, the length, cross-sectional shape, and fiber strength of the κ accumulation used for the non-machined fiber can generally determine its workability and cost. These microfibers generally have a denier number of about 0.1 to 5, and more generally about 0.5 to 2. An example of a suitable non-woven fabric to be used as the outer layer of the cleaning towel is a thicker fiber having a density of from 1 to 2 denier and no more than about 0.9 denier, and usually about 0.2 (preferably about 0.5 to 0-9). Suitable non-woven aggregates for use in the production of the cleaning towels of the present invention have these thicker and finer fibers in a medium weight ratio of about 50 to 50 to 80. Fig. 2 shows a cross-sectional view of an embodiment of the cleaning towel of the present invention. The non-woven aggregate layer of the cleaning towel shown is formed by an entangled network of non-woven fibers with most of the surfactant-containing region 3 therein. By applying the Chinese national standard (CNS> A4 specification (210X297)) on this paper size 15 (Please read the precautions on the back before filling this page) Order:: Line 510784 A7
510784 A7 B7 五、發明説明 14 /月4 d間避免该些纖維由該網狀物流出。第$圖顯示一可 以被用作形成本發明清潔巾之織物層的斯克林布支撐非機 、我層11的貝知例。該斯克林布支撐非機織纖維聚積物i i的 截面圖式中顯示出包埋在一水紮非機織纖維網狀物13中的 細線12。 被用來形成本發明清潔巾之織物層的非機織聚積物 層,具有很大的自由度以及足夠的強度,有利於有效地將 灰塵與較大的粒子收集並留存在該清潔巾中。大體上,由 纖維糾結形成的非機織織物,該組成纖維比僅由纖維炫融 或黏著所形成之非機織織物有更高的自由度。由纖維糾結 形成非機織織物透過灰塵與該非機織織物之纖維之間的糾 結’而呈現出較好的灰塵收集效能。該些纖維的糾結程度 對於灰塵的留存有报大的影響。那就是如果糾結變的太 強,該些纖維的自由度會變低,而且灰塵的存留—般會減 少。相反的,如果該些纖維的糾結非常弱時,該不織布織 物的強度可以明顯被降低。而且該不織布織物的加工性可 能會因為其缺乏強度而造成問題。由該不織布織物流出纖 維也比較可能發生在具有非常低之糾結程度的 物中。 貝 -種適合用於製造本發明之清潔巾的的非機織聚 物,可以利用在非常低的壓力下水紮纖維網狀物(具有或 具有包埋的支撐細線或網狀平板)的方式來形成了舉例| 說,被配置在聚酯非機織網狀物中之纖維可以利用在乃| 公斤/公分3的心下’以高速喷射的水加工該非機織 纖 (請先閲讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁) -、?τ— :線丨 本紙張尺度適用中國國家標準(CNS) A4規格(210X297公爱) A7 -------------Β7 五、發明酬(~〜--—— 曰罔狀物而與該網狀平板形成足夠的糾結。當它通過實質上 =平整無孔洞的支撐鼓輪或皮帶時,水可以從位於該網狀 蝥上=的環口射出。該些環口的直徑—般是在.005至0.2公 的範圍中’而且可以成列配置在供水管下2公尺或更少的 間隔中。 :該些支撐的細線及[或]網狀平板可以由各種不同的材 二者士來丙烯、尼龍、聚酯等來形成。示範的網狀物(也 就是斯格林布)被揭示於美國專利第5,525,397號中,該發明 在此處被併人參考資料中。可以制來形成該難平板之 合=的材料,舉例來說可以由聚烯煙,如聚乙稀、聚丙稀 和聚丁稀;由諸如乙烯,丙烯和丁烯單體形成之稀烴共聚 物;諸如乙稀-乙酸乙烯醋之烯烴乙烯醋共聚物;丙烯晴聚 σ物和共聚物;如聚對苯二曱酸乙二酯與聚對苯二甲酸丁 一酯之聚酯類;如尼龍6和尼龍66之聚醯胺;丙烯晴;如聚 氯乙烯之乙烯基聚合物;如聚偏二氯乙烯之偏乙烯基聚合 物;改質聚合物及其混合物中選出。 被用來形成本發明清潔巾之非機織聚積物在離開緊鄰 於支撐網狀物的部分内之微纖維聚集處(參考如第5圖說明 之截面圖式),一般具有相當的平整的表面。不過,這不需 要使用具有非常起伏表面’意即具有多數的尺寸小於表面 中之空洞尺寸的山峰與山谷之非機織板材。此類材料的實 施例被說明於美國專利第53 10590號,國際專利申請第 98/52458號和日本專利公報文件第5-257630993年二月2 曰公開)中’該些發明在此處被併入參考資料中。形成此波 18 (請先閲讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁) 本紙張尺度適用中國國家標準(CNS) A4規格(210X297公爱) 錄表面板材的方法可以被水紮成—層或多層具有可熱收 鈿之支撐斯格林布的非機織纖維層。在利用該支撐斯 布水紮非機織網狀物之後,該所得的結構可以進行熱處 理,使得在形成該斯格林布的同時發生收縮。產生此板材 的方法的-個實施例被陳述於日本專利申請公報第 5-25763號中。 矛該織物層16勺外部清潔表面通常是平整且柔順的(例如 柔軟的)平面以用以清潔複雜的表面(舉例來說,木材、玻 璃、塑私等)或硬的表面。該清潔巾可以包含_更硬的及⑷ 比織物層有更大的基重之背層,以提供支撐並構成該清潔 巾。依據其它的實施例,間隔或其它的中間層可以被放置 在該背層與該外部織物層之間。 、要忒層有所需要柔軟度且可以提供該整個清潔巾足 夠的支撐之各種不同的材料,適合用來形成本發明清潔巾 、月層適合作背層用之材料包括在使用期間,可以提 i、亥巧4巾足夠強度以抵抗撕裂或拉伸之各種不同的輕量 (例如,具有大約1〇至75克/公尺2)、柔軟的材料。該背層一 般疋相田薄的’舉例來說厚度大約〇 〇5公釐至大約〇·5公 屋而且疋相對比較沒有孔洞的。合適的材料包括由合成 及[或]天然聚合物形成的紡粘及熱接合非機織板材。其他 適口用來產生本發明清潔巾之背層材料包括由聚酯、聚醯 月女、水烯烴或其混合物所形成之比較沒有孔洞的柔軟層。 八要它符合特殊應用所需之效能要求,該背層也可以由水 糸非機織纖維所製成。一種特別適合的背層之實施例是基 本紙張尺度適用中國國家標準(CNS^JT^97公爱) 510784 五、發明説明(Π) A7 B7 重大約是20至50克/公尺2的紡粘聚丙烯板材。 該清潔巾的物理 該清潔巾一般具有相當低的總體斷裂強度,以保持相 當程度的柔軟性。在本發明中所用之該詞“斷裂強度,,是指 當一張力負荷施加在該清潔巾時,該清潔巾開始發生斷裂 的負荷值(也就是,在抗張強度測量期間的第一個峰值)。 不過,該清潔巾的斷裂強度應該足夠高到可以避免在使用 時的“流動”或撕裂該清潔巾。該清潔巾的斷裂強度一般至 少是大約500克/30公分,且具有15〇〇克/3〇公分至3〇〇〇克/3〇 公分之斷裂強度的清潔巾是相當適合用於進行此處說明的 清潔。 3 α β巾一般包含一個具有相當低的基重且作為界面 活性劑處理之粒子存留層(也就是,在該清潔巾之清潔面上 的材料)之非機織纖維層。依據一個特別合適的實施例,該 非機織層的基重是在大約3〇至25〇克/公尺2,較好是咒至 150克/公尺2的範圍之間。低基重有利於提供該清潔巾一種 ‘‘流線’’或緊密的外觀與感覺。 在將要被清潔之器具處、裝載結構或類似物處,該清 潔巾一般具有相當低的總體伸長率以利於阻止該清潔巾的 打摺或鈿攏”。在本發明中所用之該詞“伸長率,,是指當 鈿加500克/30公釐之張力負荷時,該清潔巾的拉伸百分比 ()舉例來說,當設計被用來與該清潔巾可以牢固其上的 拖把或類似之清潔器具連接時,本發明之清潔巾的伸長率 一般大約不超過25%,較好是大約不超過15%。 本紙張尺度適用中國Α4規格510784 A7 B7 V. Description of the invention 14 / Month 4d Avoid the fibers from flowing out of the mesh. Figure 1 shows a known example of a scrim cloth support non-mechanical layer 11 which can be used as a fabric layer for the cleaning towel of the present invention. The cross-sectional view of the scrim cloth supporting non-woven fiber aggregate i i shows thin threads 12 embedded in a hydroentangled non-woven fiber network 13. The non-woven accumulation layer used to form the fabric layer of the cleaning towel of the present invention has a large degree of freedom and sufficient strength to facilitate the effective collection and retention of dust and larger particles in the cleaning towel. In general, a non-woven fabric formed of tangled fibers has a higher degree of freedom than a non-woven fabric formed only by fusion or adhesion of the fibers. The formation of the non-woven fabric by tangling the fibers shows a better dust collection performance through the entanglement of dust and the fibers of the non-woven fabric. The degree of entanglement of these fibers has a significant effect on the retention of dust. That is, if the tangles become too strong, the freedom of these fibers will become lower, and the dust retention will generally decrease. On the contrary, if the tangling of the fibers is very weak, the strength of the nonwoven fabric can be significantly reduced. Moreover, the workability of the nonwoven fabric may cause problems due to its lack of strength. Fibers flowing out of the nonwoven fabric are also more likely to occur in articles having a very low degree of tangling. A non-woven polymer suitable for use in the manufacture of the cleaning towels of the present invention can be formed by hydroentangling a fibrous web (with or with embedded support threads or mesh flat plates) under very low pressure For example | Say, the fiber arranged in the polyester non-woven mesh can be processed under high-speed jet of water under the heart of Nai | kg / cm3 (please read the precautions on the back before filling (This page)-,? Τ—: Line 丨 This paper size is applicable to Chinese National Standard (CNS) A4 specification (210X297 public love) A7 ------------- B7 V. Reward for invention (~~ --—— Said maggots form enough tangles with the mesh flat plate. When it passes through the support drums or belts which are essentially = flat and without holes, water can be ejected from the ring mouth on the mesh maggots = The diameters of these rings are generally in the range of .005 to 0.2mm 'and can be arranged in rows at intervals of 2 meters or less under the water supply pipe .: The thin lines and / or nets of these supports The slabs can be formed from a variety of materials, such as acrylic, nylon, polyester, etc. (Also known as Scrimble) is disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 5,525,397, which is incorporated herein by reference. Materials that can be made to form the combination of difficult plates can be made of polyolefin, for example Smoke, such as polyethylene, polypropylene, and polybutylene; dilute hydrocarbon copolymers formed from monomers such as ethylene, propylene, and butene; olefin ethylene copolymers such as ethylene-vinyl acetate; acrylic polymers And copolymers; such as polyesters of polyethylene terephthalate and polybutylene terephthalate; polyamides such as nylon 6 and nylon 66; acrylics; vinyl polymerization such as polyvinyl chloride Such as vinylidene chloride polymers of polyvinylidene chloride; modified polymers and mixtures thereof. The non-woven aggregates used to form the cleaning towels of the present invention leave the portion immediately adjacent to the support mesh. Microfiber aggregates (refer to the cross-section diagram as illustrated in Figure 5) generally have a fairly flat surface. However, this does not require the use of peaks with very undulating surfaces, which means that most of the peaks have a size smaller than the size of the voids in the surface With valley Non-woven sheet materials. Examples of such materials are described in US Patent No. 53 10590, International Patent Application No. 98/52458, and Japanese Patent Gazette Document No. 5-257630993 published February 2,). It is here incorporated by reference. Form this wave 18 (Please read the precautions on the back before filling in this page) This paper size applies the Chinese National Standard (CNS) A4 specification (210X297 public love) The method of recording the surface sheet can be water-punched into layers or layers. The heat-shrinking support supports the non-woven fiber layer of Scrimbus. After the non-woven mesh is spun with the supporting spar, the resulting structure can be heat-treated so that it shrinks while forming the spar. An example of a method for producing this sheet is described in Japanese Patent Application Publication No. 5-25763. The outer cleaning surface of the fabric layer 16 scoop is usually a flat and compliant (e.g., soft) surface for cleaning complex surfaces (for example, wood, glass, plastic, etc.) or hard surfaces. The cleaning towel may include a backing layer that is stiffer and has a greater basis weight than the fabric layer to provide support and form the cleaning towel. According to other embodiments, a spacer or other intermediate layer may be placed between the back layer and the outer fabric layer. Various materials that need softness and can provide sufficient support for the entire cleaning towel, which are suitable for forming the cleaning towel of the present invention, and that the moon layer is suitable for the backing layer are included during use. i. Haiqiao 4 towels are various materials of sufficient strength to resist tearing or stretching (for example, having about 10 to 75 g / m2), soft materials. The backing layer is generally thin and thin, for example, with a thickness of about 0.05 mm to about 0.5 km and is relatively free of holes. Suitable materials include spunbond and heat-bonded non-woven sheets formed from synthetic and / or natural polymers. Other palatable backing materials used to produce the cleansing towels of the present invention include a relatively non-porous soft layer formed of polyester, polyester, water olefin, or a mixture thereof. Eighth, if it meets the performance requirements required for special applications, the backing layer can also be made of water-repellent non-woven fibers. A particularly suitable embodiment of the backing layer is the basic paper size applicable to the Chinese national standard (CNS ^ JT ^ 97 public love) 510784 V. Description of the invention (Π) A7 B7 Spunbond weighing about 20 to 50 grams / meter 2 Polypropylene sheet. Physical of the cleaning towel The cleaning towel generally has a relatively low overall breaking strength to maintain a considerable degree of softness. The term "breaking strength" as used in the present invention refers to the load value at which the cleaning towel starts to break when a force load is applied to the cleaning towel (that is, the first peak value during the tensile strength measurement). However, the breaking strength of the cleaning towel should be high enough to avoid "flowing" or tearing the cleaning towel during use. The breaking strength of the cleaning towel is generally at least about 500 g / 30 cm, and has 15 Cleaning wipes with a breaking strength of 0 g / 30 cm to 3,000 g / 30 cm are quite suitable for the cleaning described here. 3 α β towels generally contain a substrate with a relatively low basis weight and serve as an interface The non-woven fiber layer of the active agent-treated particle retention layer (ie, the material on the cleaning surface of the cleaning towel). According to a particularly suitable embodiment, the non-woven layer has a basis weight of about 30 to 25. G / m2, preferably in the range of 150 g / m2. A low basis weight is beneficial to provide the cleaning towel with a "streamline" or compact look and feel. When it is to be cleaned Appliances, equipment Structure, or the like, the cleaning towel which is usually fairly low overall elongation to facilitate the blocking of the wiper sheets discount or tin rope. " The term "elongation" as used in the present invention refers to the percentage of stretching of the cleaning towel when a tensile load of 500 g / 30 mm is added (for example, when the design is used to communicate with the cleaning When the towel can be firmly connected with a mop or similar cleaning appliance, the elongation of the cleaning towel of the present invention generally does not exceed about 25%, and preferably does not exceed about 15%. This paper size is applicable to China A4 specifications
20 五、發明説明(18) 該非機織纖維聚積物的基重通常是落於50至250克/公 尺2的範圍中,而且一般是不超過15〇克/公尺2。如果非機 織纖維的基重小於30克/公尺2時,在進行清潔期間,灰塵 可能很容易穿過該非機織纖維聚積物,而且其灰塵的收集 旎力也有所限制。如果該非機織纖維聚積物的基重太大, 舉例來說實質上大於250克/公尺2,其可能使在聚積物中之 該些纖維與該網狀板材彼此產生足夠的糾結,以達到所需 要之糾結程度變的更困難。除此之外,該非機織纖維聚積 物的可加工性可能變差,同時纖維由該清潔巾流出可能更 帛叙生。除了相關於其效能的劑之外,在該纖維聚積物中 之該些纖維的丹尼數、長度、截面形狀與用於該非機織纖 維聚積物中之纖維的強度,通常可以很明顯的決定可加工 性及成本。 在可以利用對垂直於該纖維取向的方向(也就是‘‘橫跨 機械方向之起始模數,,)上所測量之應力·應變曲線的起始 梯度來表示之該纖維聚積物的糾結係數,在本發明之清潔 巾中,對於僅由纖維聚積物組成而要達到上面說明之抗張 強度及伸長率可能是很困難的。網狀板材與為了將糾結係 數值設定在不大於8 0 0公尺的數值時,網狀板材與纖維聚積 物可以被拉伸,並且彼此結合成為一個用作該清潔巾中的 織物層之單一體。藉由使該纖維具機務與該網狀板材糾結 形成單一的物件,同時使該層的伸長率保持在較低時,其 可以加工性可以被提升。與傳統的僅由與本發明清潔巾之 纖維聚積物相同的糾結狀態之纖維聚積物所組成的清潔巾 五、發明説明(19 ) 相比、截、准由依據本發明之清潔布流出可以很明顯地 免。 如果鑪糾結係數太小,舉例來說僅僅大約10至20公 尺,該些纖維不會充分地糾結在一起。除此之外,在那些 纖維和網狀板材之間的糾結也可能是很差的。結果,纖維 的流出可能經常發生。如果糾結係數太大,例如大於· 到800 A尺貝4因為糾結太強,而|法在該些纖維之間獲得 足夠的自由度。這可能使纖維與灰塵、頭髮及/或其它的碎 片無法輕易地糾結在一起,同時該清潔巾的清潔能力是不 足的。該清潔巾較好是由糾結係數不超過500公尺,更好是 大約50至300公尺,之非機織纖維聚積物所形成。 該些纖維的糾結程度依據在糾結加工期間,施加在該 些纖維網狀物上的糾結能量而定。舉例來說,在水織處理 中’由纖維類型在其他試劑中,該纖維網狀物的基重、水 噴射頭的數目與位置、水壓和線速的觀點而言,施加在該 些纖維網狀物上的糾結能量可以被控制。 在該網狀板材是由熱塑性材料之細線形成的情況中, 如第4圖所示,該網目、纖維直徑、纖維之間的距離(及其 產生之孔洞的大小)以及該些孔洞的構形,通常是由與該非 機織纖維聚積物的局部糾結情況而定。明確地,該些孔洞 (“間隙”)的直徑一般是在5公釐至30公釐的範圍。除非另^ 說明,相鄰平行纖維列之間的距離一般是在5公釐至公釐 的範圍,更好是在1〇公釐至20公釐的範圍。 被用來形成該纖維聚積物的該些纖維是適合由任一種 510784 A7 ______B7____ 五、發明説明(20 ) 熱塑性纖維,如聚酯(例如聚對苯二甲酸乙二醇酯及[或]聚 對苯二甲酸丁二醇酯)、聚醯胺(例如尼龍)、聚烯烴(例如聚 丙烯)及其複合纖維、個別的纖維與由熔吹法形成之超細纖 維;諸如醋酸酯纖維之半合成纖維;諸如人造絲之再生纖 維與如由棉與棉和其他纖維之摻合物的天然纖維所製成。 該些纖維一般有僅僅大約5,更好是〇5至3的丹尼數。 灰塵黏附劑 當其被用作乾清潔布時,依據本發明清潔巾所需之效 率功能,在該織物層中併入某些型式之灰塵黏附劑,對提 fh該清潔巾之灰塵聚集能力是有利的。在此處的某些情況 中,可以提升該清潔巾的灰塵收集能力之試劑被稱為“灰塵 #附劑”。舉例來說,該織物層可以含有潤滑劑及/或界面 ㊉性劑之非機織纖維聚積層。該界面活性劑可以改善該纖 料積物的表面物理性f,並且提升該清潔巾吸附灰塵的 &力。該潤滑劑介在物也可以在將被該清潔巾清潔之表面 i ’給h光亮的表面’同時提升該清潔巾的灰塵收集效 能。 4常’整個織物層是以該灰塵黏附劑處理。雖然灰塵 ㈣㈣表面處料以由任_順序崎,—般是將灰塵黏 w劑塗佈在整個織物層和該界面活性劑上。通常該灰塵黏 附劑的添加量是(M至20%(添加的重量百分比是依據將被 處理之織物層的4量而定)。比較典型地,僅僅大約 1〇Wt%(添加量)的灰塵黏附劑被添加至該織物層。在本發明 | 清潔巾之特別適合的實施财,其織物層已經被大約3至大 本紙張尺度適用®家標準(CNS) A4規格⑵0X297公釐^ " ----20 V. Description of the invention (18) The basis weight of the non-woven fiber aggregate usually falls in the range of 50 to 250 g / m2, and generally does not exceed 150 g / m2. If the basis weight of the non-woven fiber is less than 30 g / m2, during cleaning, dust may easily pass through the non-woven fiber accumulation, and the dust collection force may be limited. If the basis weight of the non-woven fiber aggregate is too large, for example, it is substantially greater than 250 g / m2, it may cause the fibers and the mesh sheet in the aggregate to entangle enough with each other to achieve the desired The degree of entanglement of needs becomes more difficult. In addition, the processability of the non-woven fiber aggregate may be deteriorated, and the outflow of fibers from the cleaning towel may be more reproducible. In addition to the agents related to its effectiveness, the deniers, lengths, cross-sectional shapes of the fibers in the fiber aggregate, and the strength of the fibers used in the non-woven fiber aggregate can usually be clearly determined. Processability and cost. The entanglement coefficient of the fiber aggregate can be expressed by the initial gradient of the stress-strain curve measured in a direction perpendicular to the fiber orientation (ie, the initial modulus across the mechanical direction,). In the cleaning towel of the present invention, it may be difficult to achieve the above-mentioned tensile strength and elongation with only fiber aggregates. When the mesh sheet and the tangling coefficient are set to a value not greater than 800 meters, the mesh sheet and the fiber aggregate can be stretched and combined with each other to form a single layer used as a fabric layer in the cleaning towel. body. By tangling the fiber tool with the mesh sheet to form a single object, while keeping the elongation of the layer low, its processability can be improved. Compared with the traditional cleaning towel which is only composed of the fiber entanglement in the same tangled state as the fiber accumulation of the cleaning towel of the present invention. Obviously free. If the entanglement factor of the furnace is too small, for example only about 10 to 20 meters, the fibers will not be tangled sufficiently. In addition to this, the tangles between those fibers and the mesh sheet may also be poor. As a result, the outflow of fibers may occur frequently. If the entanglement coefficient is too large, for example, it is greater than · to 800 A feet 4 because the entanglement is too strong, and the | method obtains sufficient degrees of freedom between the fibers. This may prevent the fibers and dust, hair, and / or other debris from being tangled easily, and the cleaning ability of the cleaning towel is insufficient. The cleaning towel is preferably formed of an aggregate of non-woven fibers having a tangling coefficient of not more than 500 meters, more preferably about 50 to 300 meters. The degree of tangling of the fibers depends on the tangling energy applied to the fiber webs during the tangling process. For example, in the water weaving process, 'from the fiber type in other reagents, the basis weight of the fiber web, the number and position of water jets, water pressure and line speed are applied to the fibers. Tangled energy on the mesh can be controlled. In the case where the mesh sheet is formed of thin wires of a thermoplastic material, as shown in FIG. 4, the mesh, the fiber diameter, the distance between the fibers (and the size of the holes they produce), and the configuration of the holes , Usually due to the local tangled condition with the non-woven fiber accumulation. Specifically, the diameter of these holes ("gap") is generally in the range of 5 mm to 30 mm. Unless otherwise stated, the distance between adjacent parallel fiber columns is generally in the range of 5 mm to mm, and more preferably in the range of 10 mm to 20 mm. The fibers used to form the fiber aggregate are suitable for any of 510784 A7 ______B7____ 5. Description of the invention (20) thermoplastic fibers, such as polyester (such as polyethylene terephthalate and [or] poly- Butylene glycol phthalate), polyamides (such as nylon), polyolefins (such as polypropylene) and their composite fibers, individual fibers and ultra-fine fibers formed by melt-blowing; semi-synthetics such as acetate fibers Fibers; made from recycled fibers such as rayon and natural fibers such as blends of cotton with cotton and other fibers. These fibers generally have a denier number of only about 5, more preferably from 0 to 3. When the dust adhesive is used as a dry cleaning cloth, according to the efficiency function required for the cleaning towel of the present invention, certain types of dust adhesive are incorporated in the fabric layer, and the dust gathering ability of the cleaning towel is fh advantageous. In some cases here, an agent that can improve the dust collection ability of the cleaning towel is called a "dust #attachment". For example, the fabric layer may contain a non-woven fiber build-up layer of a lubricant and / or an interfacial repellent. The surfactant can improve the surface physical properties f of the fiber accumulation, and increase the & force of the cleaning towel to absorb dust. The lubricant intermediary can also improve the dust collection performance of the cleaning towel on the surface i ' 4 'The entire fabric layer is treated with the dust adhesive. Although the dust on the surface of the material can be left and right, the dust adhesive is generally applied to the entire fabric layer and the surfactant. Usually the amount of the dust adhesive added is (M to 20% (the weight percentage added is based on 4 amount of the fabric layer to be treated). Typically, only about 10Wt% (addition amount) of dust An adhesive is added to the fabric layer. In the present invention | a particularly suitable implementation of the cleaning towel, the fabric layer has been applied to about 3 to the large paper size ® Home Standard (CNS) A4 specification ⑵0X297 mm ^ "- ---
.、可丨 :線丨 (請先閱讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁) 510784 A7 一 B7 _ 五、發明説明(21 ) " — 約10wt〇/〇(添加量)的灰塵黏附劑處理過。如在熟悉技藝中所 了解的,戶斤使用之灰塵黏附劑的量是依據將被處理之織物 材料的特疋類型、所用之該特定灰塵黏附劑,與被設計用 來作為清潔巾之塗佈的型式及其它的試劑而定。 被用來作為本發明清潔巾的灰塵黏附劑之合適潤滑 劑,包括礦物油類、合成油、石夕油。可以被使用之礦物油 例如包括鏈烷烴碳水化合物、奈系烴類和芳香烴類。合適 的合成油包括烷基苯油類、聚烯烴油類、聚乙二醇油類和 相似物。合適的矽油包括丙烯酸基二甲基聚矽氧烷、環狀 一甲基來矽氧烷、甲基氫聚矽氧烷和各種不同改質的矽油。 該些礦物油、合成油、矽油通常具有5至1〇〇〇〇以的黏 度,特別是5至20〇cps(在25。〇。如果黏度低於大約5啊, 該灰塵吸附性質可能被降低。如果黏度大於大約i〇〇〇cps, 該濁滑劑有時可能無法均勻地分散在該些纖維上。除此之 外,對於將被清潔的表面之摩擦係數可能會增加,其可能 使將被清潔的表面損壞。該些礦物油、合成油、矽油通常 具有15至45達因/公分的表面張力,特別是⑼至乃達因/公 分(在25°C)。如果表面張力比15達因/公分更低時,該被處 理之織物的灰塵吸附性質可能會變的更差,同時,如果其 高於4 5達因/公分,潤滑劑有時可能無法均勻地分散在組成 該非機織織物的該些纖維上。 如上面所示,该些灰塵黏附劑可包括一界面活性劑。 此界面活性劑可以被添加至及[或]不同於該清潔巾中存在 的界面活性劑,以增加其濕式清潔能力。該灰塵黏附劑的 本紙張尺度適用中國國家標準A4規格(21〇><297公酱)., OK 丨: Line 丨 (Please read the precautions on the back before filling out this page) 510784 A7-B7 _ V. Description of the invention (21) " — About 10wt〇 / 〇 (addition amount) of dust adhesive treated . As is known in the art, the amount of dust adhesive used by households is based on the type of fabric material being treated, the particular dust adhesive used, and the coating designed to be used as a cleaning towel Depending on the type and other reagents. Suitable lubricants for use as dust adhesives for the cleaning towels of the present invention include mineral oils, synthetic oils, and stone oils. Mineral oils that can be used include, for example, paraffin carbohydrates, naphthalenes and aromatics. Suitable synthetic oils include alkylbenzene oils, polyolefin oils, polyethylene glycol oils, and the like. Suitable silicone oils include acrylic dimethyl polysiloxane, cyclic monomethyl siloxane, methyl hydrogen polysiloxane and various modified silicone oils. The mineral oil, synthetic oil, and silicone oil usually have a viscosity of 5 to 10,000, especially 5 to 200 cps (at 25.0. If the viscosity is lower than about 5, the dust adsorption property may be reduced. If the viscosity is greater than about 1000cps, the turbidity agent may sometimes not be uniformly dispersed on the fibers. In addition, the coefficient of friction for the surface to be cleaned may increase, which may cause the The cleaned surface is damaged. These mineral oils, synthetic oils, and silicone oils usually have a surface tension of 15 to 45 dyne / cm, especially ⑼ to dyne / cm (at 25 ° C). If the surface tension is greater than 15 When the density / cm is lower, the dust absorption properties of the treated fabric may become worse. At the same time, if it is higher than 45 dyne / cm, the lubricant may not be evenly dispersed in the non-woven fabric. As shown above, the dust adhesives may include a surfactant. This surfactant may be added to and / or different from the surfactants present in the cleaning towel to increase its Wet cleaning capability. The present paper dust adhesion scale applies the Chinese national standard A4 size (21〇 > < 297 male sauce)
(請先閲讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁)(Please read the notes on the back before filling this page)
、可I 線丨 510784 A7 ......... —- B7 五、發明説明(22 ) 界面活性劑成分一般包括陽離子型及[或]非離子型界面活 性劑。該界面活性劑成分通常不超過該灰塵黏附劑的 5 1 Owt /〇因此,一般的清潔巾含有5wt〇/〇(以被處理之該織 物層的重塁為基礎之添加重量百分比(wt%)),灰塵黏附劑 通常含有不超過大約〇.5wt%作為該灰塵黏附劑的組成份 之界面活性劑。合適的陽離子界面活性劑包括例如單(長鏈 烷基/鏈烯基)三甲基銨鹽、二(長鏈烷基/鏈烯基)二甲基銨 鹽,和單(長鏈烷基/鏈烯基)二甲基苯基銨鹽,每一種烷基 /鏈烯基含有10至22個碳原子。用來作為灰塵黏附劑之介在 物的合適非離子界面活性劑,包括例如聚乙二醇醚,舉例 來說’有一級或二級長鏈(CrC22)聚氧乙烯基(6至35莫爾) 烷基或鏈烯基醚’聚氧乙烯基(6至35莫)(C8_Ci8)烷苯基 醚、聚氧乙烯-聚氧丙烯嵌段共聚物,和該些多元醇類型的 醚類’例如脂肪酸甘油酯、脂肪酸山梨糖酯和烷基糖。該 表面活化劑較好是含有重量5%或更少的水分以提升有效 的清潔。 該些灰塵黏附劑一般含有少量的界面活性劑和潤滑 劑。該些灰塵黏附劑一般含有至少大約70wt%,較好是至 少大約8Owt% ’由礦物油、合成油及[或]石夕油所組成的潤滑 劑。一種合適的灰塵黏附劑的實施例是由90-95wt%凡士林 或相關的烧鏈烴以及5 -1 Owt%非離子性界面活性劑,例如 具有平均3-5氧乙烯單元之聚氧乙烯(C12-C14)烯烷基醚的 聚氧乙細細烧基所組成。 本清潔巾一般可以拾取並存留至少大約15克/公尺2的 本紙張尺度適用中國國家標準(CNS) A4規格(210X297公釐) 25 (請先閲讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁) 、可丨 :線丨 五、發明説明(23) =克說明’該清潔巾的粒子存留能力至少是大 〜2 該清潔巾的粒子存留能力至少是大約20克/ 么尺,更好至少是大約25克/公尺2。 該清潔巾可以單獨被使用(舉例來說,作為抹布)或斑 其他=具結合以清潔表面。可以含有本發明清潔巾之合適 的清潔器具包括拖把、手套、撢子、滾輪或抹布。舉例來 說,該清潔巾可以被附著在—支撐結構物上,諸如拖把頭。 該些頭-般包括提供用以承載該清潔巾的"器之滑動 架。一延長之硬組件(諸如分段的柄)可以藉由一承載結構 而附著於滑動架上。該拖架結構可以包括一個具有γ型端 枢軸,安裝在托座(舉例來說,球接合)的軛。一連接管可 以被穿線而附著在一握把的柄上。根據另一種實施例,該 清潔器具可以是一掃帚、刷子、握把或類似適宜固著該清 潔巾之物。 該清潔巾可以被附著在一清潔器具的頭上,如灰塵拖 把。該清潔墊一般含有不連續圖式區域的非機織微纖維 層’在其中,界面活性劑已經被沈積在該微纖維上,以提 升該巾的濕清潔能力。當該墊沿著將被清潔的表面移動 時’碎片可以被強迫及[或]被拉近至在該外部清潔表面之 孔洞中,使其被陷於該非機織聚積層的纖維之間。如此處 其他地方的說明,該清潔巾通常是有一點軟的,以可處理 具有不同輪廓之表面(例如光滑的、不規則的、有裂縫的 等)。依據另一個實施例,該清潔巾可以是半硬的,舉例來 說,其被設計用來清潔平的表面。 本紙張尺度適用中國國家標準(CNS) A4規格(210 X 297公釐)I line 510784 A7 .........- B7 V. Description of the invention (22) Surfactant components generally include cationic and / or non-ionic surfactants. The surfactant component usually does not exceed 5 1 Owt / 〇 of the dust adhesive. Therefore, a general cleaning towel contains 5wt // (added weight percentage (wt%) based on the weight of the fabric layer being treated) ), The dust adhesive usually contains no more than about 0.5 wt% of a surfactant as a component of the dust adhesive. Suitable cationic surfactants include, for example, mono (long chain alkyl / alkenyl) trimethylammonium salts, bis (long chain alkyl / alkenyl) dimethylammonium salts, and mono (long chain alkyl / Alkenyl) dimethylphenylammonium salts, each alkyl / alkenyl group containing 10 to 22 carbon atoms. Suitable non-ionic surfactants for use as mediators of dust adhesives, including, for example, polyethylene glycol ethers, such as' primary or secondary long chain (CrC22) polyoxyethylene (6 to 35 moles) alkane Or alkenyl ethers' polyoxyethylene (6 to 35 moles) (C8_Ci8) alkylphenyl ethers, polyoxyethylene-polyoxypropylene block copolymers, and ethers of these polyol types, such as fatty acid glycerol Esters, fatty acid sorbitan esters and alkyl sugars. The surfactant preferably contains 5% or less by weight of water to enhance effective cleaning. These dust adhesives generally contain small amounts of surfactants and lubricants. These dust adhesives generally contain at least about 70% by weight, preferably at least about 80% by weight of a lubricant composed of mineral oil, synthetic oil, and / or stone oil. An example of a suitable dust adhesive is 90-95 wt% petroleum jelly or related chain-burned hydrocarbons and 5 -1 Owt% non-ionic surfactants, such as polyoxyethylene (C12) with an average of 3-5 oxyethylene units -C14) consisting of polyoxyethylene fine alkylene group of alkenyl ether. This cleaning towel can generally be picked up and kept at least about 15 g / m2. The size of this paper is applicable to China National Standard (CNS) A4 (210X297 mm) 25 (Please read the precautions on the back before filling this page).丨: Line 丨 Fifth, the description of the invention (23) = gram description 'The particle retention capacity of the cleaning towel is at least large ~ 2 The particle retention capacity of the cleaning towel is at least about 20 grams per square foot, more preferably at least about 25 grams / M2. The cleaning towel can be used alone (for example, as a rag) or spotted in combination to clean the surface. Suitable cleaning appliances which may contain the cleaning towels of the present invention include mops, gloves, ladle, rollers or rags. For example, the cleaning towel can be attached to a support structure, such as a mop head. The heads generally include a sliding rack provided with a " tool for carrying the cleaning towel. An extended rigid component (such as a segmented handle) can be attached to the carriage by a load-bearing structure. The trailer structure may include a yoke with a gamma-type end pivot mounted on a bracket (for example, a ball joint). A connecting tube can be threaded and attached to the handle of the grip. According to another embodiment, the cleaning appliance may be a broom, a brush, a grip or the like suitable for holding the cleaning towel. The cleaning towel can be attached to the head of a cleaning appliance, such as a dust mop. The cleaning pad generally contains a non-woven microfiber layer ' of discontinuous patterned regions, in which a surfactant has been deposited on the microfibers to enhance the wet cleaning ability of the towel. As the pad moves along the surface to be cleaned, the 'shards can be forced and / or drawn into holes in the external cleaning surface, trapping them between the fibers of the non-woven buildup. As explained elsewhere here, the wipes are usually a little soft to handle surfaces with different contours (such as smooth, irregular, cracked, etc.). According to another embodiment, the cleaning towel may be semi-rigid, for example, it is designed to clean a flat surface. This paper size applies to China National Standard (CNS) A4 (210 X 297 mm)
.....................裝----- (請先閲讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁) •訂— .線丨 510784 A7 B7 五、發明説明(24 該清潔巾可以利用任一種固定器,以本發明中已知的 一種技藝,而被附著在該清潔器具上(舉例來說如摩擦鉗、 螺栓、黏著劑、定位指狀物等)。依據另一個實施例,該清 潔巾可以被固著當作單一的組件,或數個清潔巾(例如拖把 的條狀物或“頭髮,,)組合在一起。 依據另一個實施例,該清潔器具的組件,也就是,可 以單獨被提供或組合成一套件或組件之該安裝拖架結構、 連接ί和握柄。4 π >糸器具的組件可以迅速的、容易的並 且很快地在各場地(例如工作地、家裡、辦公室等)中組裝 或拆解以緊密而快速被替換。該清潔器具的組件也可以利 用預組衣及[或]一整體的情況被提供。在一個特別適合的 實施例中,該清潔巾被構形可成用於如由威斯康辛 Racine 之 S.C. Johnson & Son 公司獲得之 Pledge@ GrabIt 清潔器。 為了清潔一表面,該清潔巾可以被固定在拖把頭上。 該清潔巾可與該表面接觸,並且沿著該表面移動(舉例來 况,在水平的方向、垂直的方向、旋轉移動、線性移動等)。 該表面上的碎片一般是被限制在該織物層的空腔中。較細 的顆粒材料可以被限制在該織物纖維之間的孔洞中。在使 用之後,於再使用之前,該清潔巾可以由拖把上被移除 置或清潔(舉例來說,洗滌、搖動、除去碎片等)。根據 一個實施例,該清潔巾可以單獨被使用(舉例來說,以 拿),以清潔該表面。 州........... install ----- (Please read the precautions on the back before filling out this page) • Order — .line 丨 510784 A7 B7 Five 2. Description of the invention (24) The cleaning towel can be attached to the cleaning appliance by any technique known in the present invention (such as friction pliers, bolts, adhesives, positioning fingers) using a technique known in the present invention. Etc.) According to another embodiment, the cleaning towel can be fixed as a single component, or several cleaning towels (such as a mop strip or "hair," can be combined. According to another embodiment, The components of the cleaning appliance, that is, the mounting carriage structure, connection, and handle can be provided separately or combined into a kit or component. 4 π > The components of the appliance can be quickly, easily, and quickly Assembled or disassembled in various sites (eg, work place, home, office, etc.) to be compactly and quickly replaced. The components of the cleaning appliance can also be provided using pre-assembled garments and / or a whole. In a special In a suitable embodiment, the cleaning towel is configured to be used such as Pledge @ GrabIt cleaner, SC Johnson & Son, Racine, Wisconsin. To clean a surface, the cleaning towel can be fixed to the mop head. The cleaning towel can contact the surface and move along the surface (for example In the case, in the horizontal direction, vertical direction, rotational movement, linear movement, etc.) The debris on the surface is generally confined in the cavity of the fabric layer. Finer particulate materials can be confined to the fabric fibers Between the holes. After use, the cleaning towel can be removed or cleaned from the mop before use (for example, washing, shaking, removing debris, etc.). According to one embodiment, the cleaning towel Can be used alone (for example, to take) to clean the surface.
TM 棄另手 (請先閱讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁) ·、^τ— :線丨 本紙張尺度適财關家標準(_ M規格⑵0χ297公楚) 五、發明説明(25)TM Give up (please read the notes on the back before filling in this page) ·, ^ τ—: line 丨 This paper is suitable for financial standards (_ M size ⑵ 0χ297). 5. Description of the invention (25)
Ml驗方法: 1 )畊裂強度(跨過機械方向) 於每一清潔巾上,/ 古& , 垂直於該清潔巾之纖維的列向的 就是橫跨機械的方向,切割寬靖的試片。該 =爽頭對爽頭分離100公着的距離,被夹在張力試驗機 ::在垂直於該纖維列向的方向上,以_公釐/分鐘 測旦;f M β $巾開始斷裂時的負載(由應力/應變 2所&得之連續曲線的第_個峰值)作為斷裂強度。 ()500克/30公釐之負載的伸長率 、式片的伸長率疋在上述跨過機械方向上,進行斷裂強 度测量時’於500克之負载所測得之試片的伸長率。為了這 :專利:請’“伸長率”被定義為當5GG克之負載施加在條狀 *、片上¥ 30公屋之條狀清潔巾長度的相對增加量(%)。 (3)糾結係數 將網狀板材由該非機織纖維聚積物中移除。其中該網 狀板材有格子狀的網狀結構,這一般可以由將組成該網狀 板材之纖維在其接合處切開,並且小心地用錄子將該網狀 板材的片段由該非機織纖維聚積物中移除而完成。在該清 ’糸巾中’垂直於纖維列向的方向(也就是橫跨機械的方向) 上,切下寬度15公釐之樣品。該樣品以夹頭對夹頭相㈣ 公錢距離夾在張力試驗機上’並且在垂直於該纖維列向 的方向上,㈣公⑸分鐘料率拉伸。測量相龍品之伸 長率的張力負載值F(克)。將張力負載值F除以樣品寬度(公 尺)與非機織聚積物的基重W(克/公尺2),所得之數值訂為 510784 A7 ----- —_ _ B7 五、發明説明(26 ) 應力S(公尺)。由應力(“s,,)對伸長率(“應變”%)作圖可以獲 得應力-應變曲線圖。 ------------------------裝—— (請先閲讀背面之注意事項再填窝本頁) 應力 S[公尺]=(F/o 015)/w 對於非機織纖維聚積物而言,其可僅透過該些纖維的 、、、、、κ木在起,在應力-應變(伸長率)曲線圖的初始階 ί又,一般可以獲得直線關係。計算該直線的梯度,並且訂 為糾結係數Ε(公尺)。舉例而言,第6圖示意說明應力_應變 曲線圖(其中縱軸表示應力,橫軸表示應變,且〇代表原 點),該直線關係的極限以Ρ表示,在ρ點的應力以%表示, 而且在Ρ點的應變為r ρ。在此情況中,由E=sp/7p計算可 知糾結係數E。舉例來說,當Sp==6〇公尺且γ疒86%時,計 算Ε=60/0·86= 70公尺。應該注意的是,直線〇ρ不是絕對直 的。在此情況中,直線ΟΡ是近似一直線。 本發明的物件及方法可藉由下列實施例做說明,其是 用來闡述本發明並且幫助一個有一般技藝者如何製作並使 :線丨 用本發明。這些實施例不是用來限制或窄化本發明的範圍。 實施例1 斯袼林布支撐之聚酯纖維不織布,可以由水紮夾於兩 個已梳理的聚酯纖維網狀物之間的聚丙烯斯格林布而形 成。该聚丙烯斯格林布是直徑〇·2公釐纖維,而且相鄰的纖 維之間有9公釐間隔的格栅,同時其基重為5克/公尺2。該 二梳理的聚酯纖維網狀物是由長度51公釐之1 5丹尼聚對 笨二曱酸乙二酯(“PET”)纖維所形成。每一個梳理的聚醋纖 維網狀物的基重為24克/公尺2。在低能量的情況下,使該 本紙張尺度適用中國國家標準(CNS) A4規格(210X297公釐) 29 五、發明説明(27 ) 聚丙烯斯格林布和兩個已梳理的聚醋纖維網狀物的結合物 接受水針刺(“水紮,,),而產生具有1500至2500克/30公釐 (CD)之斷妓強度及4%的伸長率(5〇〇克公釐)之單一非機 織清潔巾。將該斯袼林布由該單—非機織清潔巾中移除之 後‘入σ亥水糸,剩餘之水紮聚酯網狀物的糾結係數為 65-70公尺。 灰塵黏附劑(粘度·· 125cps,表面張力·· 3〇達因/公分) 疋由95%液體鏈燒烴和5%非離子性(聚氧乙稀(平均摩爾數 目:烷基醚)所組成,然後將其塗佈在該強化 的非機織聚積物’以提升它的灰塵收減力。該灰塵黏附 劑通常被均勻地塗佈在該非機織聚積物的一面,結果在該 水%物的纖維上可獲得有5重量%(以該纖維聚積物之乾重 量為基礎)灰塵黏附劑沈積。 然後將揮發性的溶劑,諸如乙醇,和聚氧丙烯_聚氧乙 烯肷段共聚物(可由紐澤西洲蒙特奥力佛之basf公司獲 得,商品名為Pluronic@ P1〇5)的混合物壓印在該織物的一 表面上,而形成如第丨圖所示之不連續的點狀圖式。塗佈在 該織物上之混合物的量,會使揮發性溶劑被除去後,於該 清潔巾上仍存有3重量%共聚物(以該纖維聚積物之乾重量 為基礎)。該些“點狀區域,,一般包含沈積在該織物層内部的 纖維,以及該聚積物表面之纖維(如第2圖所示)。藉由在該 織物的表面上方吹過一空氣流可將該溶劑除去。 實施例2 另一個清潔巾的實施例,是藉由將揮發性的溶劑,諸 本紙張尺度適财關豕標準(哪)規格⑵公爱) 五、發明説明(28 ) 如乙醇,和羥烷基醯胺界面活性劑,例如月桂醯胺DEA(可 由伊利諾州諾斯菲爾德(N〇rthfield)之Stepan公司獲得,商 口口名為Ninol@ 96-SL)之混合物壓印在機織微纖維織物上, 而獲得如ScotchbriteTM材料(可由明尼蘇達州聖保羅市3M 公司獲得)之清潔巾。50重量Q/d9Nin〇l@ 96-SL溶液的量足 以在該清潔巾上,使5重量。/。的州⑽丨® 96-SL(以該機織織物 之乾重量為基礎)壓印在該織物的一表面上,而形成波浪狀 線條之規則圖式,如第3圖所示。藉由在該清潔巾上方吹過 空氣流’直至該織物減輕的重量相當於所用的乙醇量為 止,以將該揮發性溶劑(乙醇)去除。如果需要,該被處理 的織物層可以被加熱以加速去除乙醇。 實施例3 基重10克/公尺2之聚酯纖維網狀物,可以利用傳統的 梳理機梳理長度5 1公釐、直徑1 · 5丹尼的聚醋纖維而產生。 该纖維網狀物是重疊成3層(30克/公尺2),並且分別鋪疊在 可雙轴收I®的聚丙細網(網目:5,纖維直徑:〇 · 21 5公董) 之最上侧及最下侧的重疊纖維網狀物層。將所得之組合物 進行水針刺,以使該纖維網狀物和該網狀製品糾結在一 起。用於水針刺程序中之水壓大約是35-40公斤/公分2,喷 嘴高度1.6公釐,同時纖維網狀物及聚丙烯網狀物在5公尺/ 分鐘的線速度移動通過該喷嘴。然後,以熱空氣(13(rc) 使該水紮組合物進行熱處理大約1 -2分鐘,以同時乾燥該網 狀物,並且使該聚丙烯網狀物收縮。如此可產生面積收縮 係數為10%之強化非機織聚積物,其中在該些主要的表面 510784 A7 _— _B7_ 五、發明説明(29 ) 上會形成凹下處及隆起處。如果需要,可以將5重量%(以 纖維聚積物之乾重為基礎)的灰塵黏附劑(粘度:125cps, 表面張力:30達因/公分),其由95%液體鏈烷烴和5%非離 子性(聚氧乙烯(平均摩爾數目:33)(Ci2-Ci3)烷基醚)所組 成’塗佈在該強化非機織聚積物,以提升它的灰塵收集能 力。然後,將60 °C硬脂酸聚乙二醇酯(PEG-20 PEG-20 stearate)熔融物(溶點_41。(: ; HLB 15 ·7 ;可由伊利諾州諾斯 菲爾德(Northfield)之Stepan公司獲得)塗佈在該網狀物的 ——表面上’而形成覆蓋6%之表面的點狀不連續規則圖式。 所塗佈之界面活性劑的量,使該界面活性劑佔該非機織網 狀物之總重量的5重量%。 工業的適用性 本發明的清潔巾可以使用商業化的技術、設備和材料 來製造。除此之外,該布可以被用在各種不同的表面上, 如塑膠、木材、地毯、織物、玻璃和類似物。 使用該清潔巾清理表面的清潔器具與方法也可以在此 處使用。違 >糸器具可以被做成完整無缺的器具,或者成 為一清潔器具套件。完整無缺的器具包括手套,撢子和滾 輪。被設計用來清潔表面之依據本發明的套件,一般包括 一個清潔頭以及可以耦合在該清潔頭上的清潔巾。除此之 外,該套件可以包含一個可以安裝在該清潔頭的軛,和一 個附著在該軛上之延伸的握把。不論是提供一個完全組裝 的清潔器具或是一套件,該清潔器具可以包含一可使附著 在該清潔頭之清潔巾被除去之清潔頭。 本紙張尺度適用中國國家標準(CNS) A4規格(210X297公爱) (請先閲讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁)Ml test method: 1) Tilling strength (crossing the machine direction) on each cleaning towel, / ancient &, the direction of the fiber perpendicular to the cleaning towel is across the machine direction, cutting Kuan Jing test sheet. This = Shuangtou separated from Shuangtou by a distance of 100mm, and was clamped by a tensile tester: in the direction perpendicular to the fiber direction, measured at _mm / min; f M β $ When the towel began to break The load (the _th peak of the continuous curve obtained from stress / strain 2) is taken as the breaking strength. () Elongation of load of 500 g / 30 mm, elongation of wafers: The elongation of the test piece measured at a load of 500 g when the breaking strength measurement was performed in the above-mentioned mechanical direction. For this: Patent: Please '"elongation" is defined as the relative increase in the length (%) of the strip cleaning wipes of public housing when the load of 5GG grams is applied to the strip *, ¥ 30 on the sheet. (3) Tangling coefficient The net-like sheet is removed from the non-woven fiber aggregate. Wherein, the mesh plate has a lattice-like network structure, which can generally be performed by cutting the fibers constituting the mesh plate at its joints, and carefully recording the fragments of the mesh plate from the non-woven fiber using a record. Remove and complete. A 15 mm wide sample was cut in the direction of the fiber's direction perpendicular to the direction of the fiber (that is, across the machine). The sample was clamped on a tensile testing machine with a chuck-to-chuck distance and was stretched at a material rate of 15 minutes in a direction perpendicular to the fiber direction. Measure the tensile load value F (g) of the elongation rate of the Xianglong product. Divide the tension load value F by the sample width (meters) and the basis weight W (g / m2) of the non-woven aggregate, and the resulting value is set to 510784 A7 ----- —_ _ B7 V. Description of the invention (26) Stress S (meter). The stress-strain curve can be obtained by plotting stress ("s ,," vs. elongation ("strain"%). ----------------------- -Installation-(Please read the precautions on the back before filling this page) Stress S [meter] = (F / o 015) / w For non-woven fiber accumulations, it can only pass through these fibers. In the initial stage of the stress-strain (elongation) curve, a straight line relationship can generally be obtained. Calculate the gradient of the straight line and set it as the tangling coefficient E (meter). Example In other words, Figure 6 illustrates the stress-strain curve diagram (where the vertical axis represents stress, the horizontal axis represents strain, and 0 represents the origin), the limit of the linear relationship is represented by P, and the stress at point ρ is represented by%. , And the strain at point P is r ρ. In this case, the entanglement coefficient E can be found by calculating E = sp / 7p. For example, when Sp == 60m and γ 疒 86%, calculate E = 60/0 · 86 = 70 meters. It should be noted that the straight line ρ is not absolutely straight. In this case, the straight line OP is approximately a straight line. The object and method of the present invention can be realized by the following Examples are used to explain the present invention and help a person with ordinary skills how to make and use the present invention. These examples are not intended to limit or narrow the scope of the present invention. Example 1 Stylin The polyester fiber non-woven cloth supported by the cloth can be formed by tying polypropylene fiber green cloth sandwiched between two carded polyester fiber nets. The polypropylene fiber green cloth is a 0.2 mm diameter fiber And there is a grid of 9mm spacing between adjacent fibers, and its basis weight is 5g / m2. The two carded polyester fiber mesh is made of 15 deniers of 51mm in length Formed from polyethylene terephthalate ("PET") fibers. The basis weight of each carded polyester fiber web is 24 g / m2. At low energy, make this paper The dimensions are in accordance with Chinese National Standard (CNS) A4 (210X297 mm). 29 V. Description of the invention (27) The combination of polypropylene green cloth and two carded polyester fiber meshes accepts water acupuncture ("water (,,)), And has a prostitute strength of 1500 to 2500 g / 30 mm (CD) and 4 A single non-woven cleaning towel with an elongation of 5% (500 gmm). After removing the stinger cloth from the single-non-woven cleaning towel, ‘into the shovel’, the remaining water-entangled polyester mesh has a tangling coefficient of 65-70 meters. Dust Adhesive (viscosity: 125cps, surface tension: 30 dyne / cm) 疋 Composed of 95% liquid chain hydrocarbons and 5% non-ionic (polyoxyethylene (average mole number: alkyl ether)) Then, it is coated on the reinforced non-woven aggregate to increase its dust-reducing force. The dust adhesive is usually evenly coated on one side of the non-woven aggregate, resulting in fibers in the water content 5% by weight (based on the dry weight of the fiber aggregate) of a dust adhesive can be deposited. Then a volatile solvent, such as ethanol, and a polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene fluorene copolymer (available from Niuzer) A mixture of Xizhou Monte Oliver's Basf, trade name Pluronic @ P1〇5) was embossed on one surface of the fabric to form a discontinuous dot pattern as shown in Figure 丨 coating. The amount of the mixture on the fabric will cause 3% by weight of copolymer (based on the dry weight of the fiber aggregate) to remain on the cleaning towel after the volatile solvents have been removed. The "dotted areas" , Generally including deposited in the fabric layer And the fibers on the surface of the aggregate (as shown in Figure 2). The solvent can be removed by blowing an air stream over the surface of the fabric. Example 2 Another example of a cleaning towel, It is through the use of volatile solvents, various paper sizes, financial standards, (standards, specifications, public love) 5. Description of the invention (28) such as ethanol, and hydroxyalkyl amine surfactants, such as lauryl amine A mixture of DEA (available from Stepan Corporation of Northfield, Illinois under the trade name of Ninol @ 96-SL) is embossed on a woven microfiber fabric to obtain materials such as ScotchbriteTM (available from Minnesota 3M company in São Paulo) cleaning wipes. The weight of 50 weight Q / d9Nin〇l @ 96-SL solution is enough on the cleaning towel to make 5 weight of the state ⑽ 丨 96-SL (using this woven fabric Based on dry weight) embossed on one surface of the fabric to form a regular pattern of wavy lines, as shown in Figure 3. By blowing an air stream over the cleaning towel until the fabric is lightened The weight is equivalent to the amount of ethanol used, The volatile solvent (ethanol) is removed. If necessary, the treated fabric layer can be heated to accelerate the removal of ethanol. Example 3 A polyester fiber network having a basis weight of 10 g / m 2 can be made using a conventional The card is produced by carding polyacetic fiber with a length of 51 mm and a diameter of 1.5 denier. The fiber web is overlapped into 3 layers (30 g / m 2), and they are separately stacked on a biaxial retractable I® polypropylene fine mesh (mesh: 5, fiber diameter: 0.215 mm) overlapping fiber network layers on the upper and lower sides. The resulting composition was needled with water to make the fibers The mesh and the mesh product are tangled together. The water pressure used in the water needling process is about 35-40 kg / cm2, the nozzle height is 1.6 mm, and the fiber mesh and polypropylene mesh are at the same time. A linear velocity of 5 meters / minute moves through the nozzle. Then, the hydroentanglement composition is heat-treated with hot air (13 (rc) for about 1-2 minutes to simultaneously dry the mesh and shrink the polypropylene mesh. This results in an area shrinkage factor of 10 % Reinforced non-woven accumulation, in which the main surface 510784 A7 _ — _B7_ V. Description of the invention (29) will form depressions and ridges. If necessary, 5% by weight (as fiber accumulation Based on dry weight) dust adhesive (viscosity: 125cps, surface tension: 30 dyne / cm), which consists of 95% liquid paraffin and 5% non-ionic (polyoxyethylene (average mole number: 33) ( Ci2-Ci3) Alkyl ether) is coated on the reinforced non-woven aggregate to improve its dust collection ability. Then, 60 ° C polyethylene glycol stearate (PEG-20 PEG-20 stearate) melt (melting point_41. (:; HLB 15 · 7; available from Stepan Company, Northfield, Ill.) is coated on the-surface of the mesh 'to form a cover 6 % Of the dots on the surface of the regular pattern. The amount of the surfactant is 5% by weight based on the total weight of the non-woven mesh. Industrial Applicability The cleaning towel of the present invention can be manufactured using commercially available technologies, equipment, and materials. In addition, the cloth Can be used on a variety of different surfaces, such as plastic, wood, carpets, fabrics, glass, and the like. Cleaning tools and methods for cleaning the surface with this cleaning towel can also be used here. Violation > 糸 appliances can be made A complete appliance, or a cleaning appliance kit. A complete appliance includes gloves, ladle, and rollers. A kit according to the invention designed to clean a surface generally includes a cleaning head and can be coupled to the cleaning head In addition, the kit can include a yoke that can be mounted on the cleaning head, and an extended grip attached to the yoke. Whether providing a fully assembled cleaning appliance or a kit, The cleaning appliance may include a cleaning head capable of removing the cleaning towel attached to the cleaning head. The paper size is applicable to China Associate (CNS) A4 size (210X297 Kimiyoshi) (Please read the notes and then fill in the back of this page)
、可I :線丨 32 五、發明説明(30 ) §此處詳細討論各種不同實施例的製造與使用的同 時,應該可以領會的是,本發明提供創造性的概念,其可 以在各種不同之特定的上下文中被具體化。此處所討論的 名些特定的貫施例只是作為說明以特定方式製造與使用該 /月〆巾,而不是用來限制本發明之範圍。關於該些說明, 该些况明的實施例之各種不同的修改和合併,以及本發明 的其他實施例,對於熟悉該技藝的人是顯而易見的。 元件標號對照 11 _ · ·非機織層 12...細線 13 ...非機織纖維網狀物 S·.·應力 T ··.應變 8ρ·.·Ρ點處應力 Τ ρ··.Ρ點處應變 〇…原點 33May I: Line 丨 32 V. Description of the Invention (30) § While discussing the manufacture and use of various embodiments in detail here, it should be appreciated that the present invention provides inventive concepts, which can be In the context of. The specific implementation examples discussed herein are merely illustrative to make and use the / month towel in a particular manner, and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention. With regard to these explanations, various modifications and combinations of the illustrated embodiments, as well as other embodiments of the present invention, will be apparent to those skilled in the art. Comparison of component numbers 11 _ · Non-woven layer 12 ... Thin line 13 ... Non-woven fiber mesh S ... Stress T ... Strain 8ρ ... Stress P at point ρ ... Handle 〇 ... Origin 33

Claims (1)

  1. 申清專利範圍 A8 B8 C8 D8 一種具有濕清潔能力之乾清潔巾,其包含: 含有1至10重量%界面活性劑與多數微纖維之織物 層; 其中該織物層基重為30至25〇克/公尺2;而且該界 面活性劑在25 °c時是固體或糊狀,同時在25 °C時水溶解 度不超過20重量%。 如申請專利範圍第1項之清潔巾 數為0.1至2。 3·如申請專利範圍第1項之清潔巾 織物層。 4·如申請專利範圍第1項之清潔巾 織織物層。 5·如申請專利範圍,第4項之清潔巾 的糾結係數為20至800公尺。 6·如申請專利範圍第4項之清潔巾 包含一網狀板材。 7.如申請專利範圍第i項之清潔巾,其中〇1重量%之界面 活性劑的羅司米爾斯發泡高度(Ross Miles f_⑽咖) 不超過100公羞。 8·如申請專利範圍第丨項之清潔巾,其中該界面活性劑是 非離子型界面活性劑、陰離子型界面活性劑或其混合 物。 9·如申請專利範圍第8項之清潔巾,其中該非離子型界面 活性劑包括乙氧基炫醇、乙氧基缔醇、聚氧丙基·聚氧 2 其中该非機織織物層 其中該非機織織物層 本紙張尺度適财_緖準(⑽)Α饿格獻297公 其中該微纖維的丹尼 其中該織物層是機織 其中該織物層是非機Shenqing Patent Scope A8 B8 C8 D8 A dry cleaning towel with wet cleaning ability, comprising: a fabric layer containing 1 to 10% by weight of a surfactant and most microfibers; wherein the fabric layer has a basis weight of 30 to 25 grams / Meter 2; and the surfactant is solid or pasty at 25 ° C, and the water solubility at 25 ° C does not exceed 20% by weight. For example, the number of cleaning towels in the first patent application range is 0.1 to 2. 3. The fabric layer of the cleaning towel as described in the patent application No. 1. 4. The woven fabric layer of the cleaning towel as described in the first item of the patent application. 5. If the scope of the patent application, the tangled coefficient of the cleaning towel in item 4 is 20 to 800 meters. 6. The cleaning towel according to item 4 of the patent application contains a mesh plate. 7. The cleaning towel according to item i of the patent application scope, wherein the Ross Mills foaming height of the surface active agent of 0.01% by weight is not more than 100 males. 8. The cleaning towel according to item 丨 of the patent application scope, wherein the surfactant is a non-ionic surfactant, an anionic surfactant or a mixture thereof. 9. The cleaning towel according to item 8 of the patent application scope, wherein the non-ionic surfactant includes ethoxyl, ethoxy-associated alcohol, polyoxypropyl · polyoxy 2 wherein the non-woven fabric layer is the non-woven The fabric layer of this paper is suitable for the size of the paper _ 准 准 (Α) Α Huge grid presented 297 males where the microfiber Danny where the fabric layer is woven and the fabric layer is non-machined
    I線, (請先閲讀背面之注意事項再填寫本頁) 訂----- 34 六、申請專利範圍 乙基嵌段共聚物、聚乙二醇單酯、烷基苯氧基_聚乙烯 氧化物、脂肪酸二醇單酯、鏈烷烴乙氧基羧酸酯、烷基 二甲基胺氧化物和脂肪酸經烧基醯胺或其混合物。 10.如申请專利範圍第8項之清潔巾,其中該非離子型界面 活性劑有10-18的親水/親油平衡值(HLB)。 1.如申明專利範圍第8項之清潔巾,其中該非離子型界面 活性劑包括具有16至18個碳原子之烷基的乙氧基脂肪 醇。 12·如申請專利範圍第8項之清潔巾,其中該非離子型界面 活性劑包括有12-18之親水/親油平衡值的聚氧丙基_聚 氧乙基嵌段共聚物。 13.如申請專利範圍第8項之清潔巾,其中該非離子型界面 活性劑包括聚乙二醇脂肪酸單酯且該脂肪酸有12至18 個碳原子。 4_如申明專利範圍第8項之清潔巾,其中該陰離子型界面 活性劑包含脂肪酸鹽、烷基磺酸鹽、烷基苯磺酸鹽、烷 醇磺酸鹽或其混合物。 15.如申請專利範圍第14項之清潔巾,其中該脂肪酸鹽包含 脂肪酸鈣鹽、脂肪酸鎂鹽或其混合物。 申請專利範圍第旧之清潔巾,#中該織物層包括至 少一種具有多數凹陷處之灰塵存留表面。 17.如申請專利範圍第1項之清潔巾,其中該界面活性劑被 /尤積在不超過20%的微纖維上。 8·如申明專利範圍第1項之清潔巾,其中該界面活性劑被 六、申請專利範園 /尤積在w亥織物層中不連續區域内的微纖維上。 19·如申請專利範圍第1項之清潔巾,其與-固定結構物連 接在一起。 ,其斷裂強度為5〇〇至 其在500克/30公釐負 其中該織物層有至少 其中該界面活性劑的 20.如申請專利範圍第丨項之清潔巾 3000克/公釐。 21·如申請專利範圍第1項之清潔巾 載下’伸長率不超過25%。 22.如申請專利範圍第1項之清潔巾 2〇克/公尺2的粒子存留能力。 23·如申請專利範圍第1項之清潔巾, 熔點至少是35。〇。 其包含: 含有1至1G重量%界面活性劑與多數微纖維之織物 24. —種具有濕清潔能力之乾清潔巾 層; 其中該織物丹尼數不超過3 ;而且該界面活性劑在 25t時是固體或糊狀,同時親水/親油平衡值為⑺至 18 〇 25. —種具有濕请潔能力之乾清潔巾,其包含: 含有2至7重量%界面活性劑與多數不超過2丹尼之 微纖維的非機織織物層; 其中该非機織織物層的基重為5〇至15〇克/公尺2 ; 該界面活性劑的熔點至少是35。〇,同時在25。〇時水溶解 度不超過20重量%;而且該界面活性劑包括至少%重量 %乙氧基烷醇。 六、申請專利範圍 26. —種用於清潔表面的清潔器具套件,其包含 一個清潔頭;和 適合連接在該頭之乾的清潔巾,其包括·· 含有1至1G重量%界面活性劑與多數微纖維之織物 層; 其中該織物層的基重為3〇至25〇克/公尺2;而且該 ^面活性躲時是關或純;_有低的水溶解 2入一種用於清潔表面的清潔器具,其包含: 一適合連接在該頭之乾的清潔巾,其包括: 含有1至10重量%界面活性劑與多數微纖維之織物 層; 其中該織物.層的基重為30至250克/公尺2 ;而且該 界面活性劑在25t時是固體或糊狀;同時有低的水溶解 度。 28. —種清潔表面的方法,其包含使含有1至1〇重量%界面 活性劑及多數微纖維之織物層的乾清潔巾與該表面接 觸; 其中該織物層的基重為30至250克/公尺2;而且今 界面活性劑在25°C時是固體或糊狀;同時有低的水溶解 度。 本紙張尺度適用中國國家標準(CNS) A4規格(21〇X297公釐)I line, (please read the precautions on the back before filling this page) Order ----- 34 VI. Patent application scope Ethyl block copolymer, polyethylene glycol monoester, alkylphenoxy_polyethylene Oxides, fatty acid diol monoesters, paraffin ethoxy carboxylic acid esters, alkyl dimethylamine oxides, and fatty acid amidoamines or mixtures thereof. 10. The cleaning towel according to item 8 of the application, wherein the non-ionic surfactant has a hydrophilic / lipophilic balance (HLB) of 10-18. 1. The cleaning towel as claimed in claim 8 wherein the non-ionic surfactant comprises an ethoxy fatty alcohol having an alkyl group having 16 to 18 carbon atoms. 12. The cleaning towel according to item 8 of the application, wherein the non-ionic surfactant comprises a polyoxypropyl-polyoxyethyl block copolymer having a hydrophilic / lipophilic balance of 12-18. 13. The cleaning towel of claim 8 in which the nonionic surfactant comprises a polyethylene glycol fatty acid monoester and the fatty acid has 12 to 18 carbon atoms. 4_ The cleaning towel according to claim 8 in which the anionic surfactant comprises a fatty acid salt, an alkyl sulfonate, an alkylbenzene sulfonate, an alkanol sulfonate or a mixture thereof. 15. The cleaning towel according to item 14 of the application, wherein the fatty acid salt comprises a fatty acid calcium salt, a fatty acid magnesium salt or a mixture thereof. The oldest cleaning towel in the scope of patent application, the fabric layer in # includes at least one kind of dust-retaining surface with most depressions. 17. The cleaning towel according to item 1 of the patent application scope, wherein the surfactant is accumulated on the microfibers not exceeding 20%. 8. The cleaning towel as described in the first item of the patent scope, wherein the surfactant is applied on the microfibers in the discontinuous area in the fabric layer. 19. The cleaning towel according to item 1 of the patent application scope, which is connected to the fixing structure. Its breaking strength is 500 to 500 g / 30 mm. The fabric layer has at least 20% of the surfactant. 20. The cleaning towel according to item 丨 of the patent application range is 3,000 g / mm. 21. The cleaning elongation of the cleaning towel under item 1 of the patent application does not exceed 25%. 22. The particle retention capacity of the cleaning towel of 20 g / m2 as claimed in the first item of the patent application scope. 23. If the cleaning towel in the scope of patent application No. 1 has a melting point of at least 35. 〇. It contains: a fabric containing 1 to 1% by weight of a surfactant and a majority of microfibers 24. a dry cleaning towel layer having wet cleaning ability; wherein the fabric has a denier number of 3 or less; and the surfactant is at 25t It is solid or pasty, and the hydrophilic / lipophilic balance value is ⑺ to 18 〇25. A dry cleaning towel with wet cleaning ability, which contains: 2 to 7% by weight of surfactant and most of which do not exceed 2 Dan A non-woven fabric layer of nylon microfibers; wherein the non-woven fabric layer has a basis weight of 50 to 150 g / m 2; and the melting point of the surfactant is at least 35. 〇, while at 25. The water solubility at 0 ° does not exceed 20% by weight; and the surfactant includes at least% by weight of ethoxyalkanol. Sixth, the scope of patent application 26. A cleaning appliance kit for cleaning a surface, which includes a cleaning head; and a dry cleaning towel suitable for being connected to the head, which includes ... containing 1 to 1% by weight of a surfactant and The fabric layer of most microfibers; wherein the fabric layer has a basis weight of 30 to 25 g / m2; and the surface activity is hidden or pure when hidden; _ has a low water solubility 2 into a type for cleaning A surface cleaning appliance comprising: a dry cleaning towel suitable for attaching to the head, comprising: a fabric layer containing 1 to 10% by weight of a surfactant and a majority of microfibers; wherein the basis weight of the fabric is 30 To 250 g / m2; and the surfactant is solid or pasty at 25t; meanwhile, it has low water solubility. 28. A method for cleaning a surface, comprising contacting a dry cleaning towel with a fabric layer containing 1 to 10% by weight of a surfactant and a plurality of microfibers, wherein the fabric layer has a basis weight of 30 to 250 grams / M2; and today the surfactant is solid or pasty at 25 ° C; it also has low water solubility. This paper size applies to China National Standard (CNS) A4 (21 × 297 mm)
TW090115577A 2000-06-27 2001-06-27 Cleaning sheet TW510784B (en)

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