TW202041905A - Range finder and lens assembly for display thereof - Google Patents

Range finder and lens assembly for display thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
TW202041905A
TW202041905A TW108115536A TW108115536A TW202041905A TW 202041905 A TW202041905 A TW 202041905A TW 108115536 A TW108115536 A TW 108115536A TW 108115536 A TW108115536 A TW 108115536A TW 202041905 A TW202041905 A TW 202041905A
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light
lens
wavelength range
display
incident
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TW108115536A
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Chinese (zh)
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TWI693440B (en
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馬芳麗
陳月葉
劉斌
車俊偉
婁衛傑
劉華唐
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大陸商信泰光學(深圳)有限公司
亞洲光學股份有限公司
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Abstract

A range finder and a lens assembly for display thereof are provided. The lens assembly for display includes a display, a lens assembly, and a prism assembly. The display emits a first wavelength band light beam. The lens assembly includes an entrance surface of light and an exit surface of light. The first wavelength band light beam is incident on the entrance surface of light of the lens assembly and exits from the exit surface of light of the lens assembly. The prism assembly includes a first prism and a second prism. The first prism includes a first surface, a second surface, and a third surface. The second prism includes a fourth surface, a fifth surface, a sixth surface, a seventh surface, and an eighth surface, wherein the fifth surface faces the third surface. The lens assembly and the prism assembly satisfy the following condition: 0.80%
Figure 108115536-A0101-11-0002-33
E1/E0
Figure 108115536-A0101-11-0002-32
0.95%; wherein E0 is an energy of the first wavelength band light beam which is emitted from the display and E1 is an energy of the first wavelength band light beam after which passes through the lens assembly.

Description

測距儀及其顯示器鏡組裝置 Rangefinder and its display mirror group device
本發明係有關於一種測距儀及其顯示器鏡組裝置。 The invention relates to a rangefinder and its display mirror group device.
現今的測距儀包含顯示器以顯示被測物距離等資訊,其中目鏡可以同時看到目標物、背景及顯示器的資訊,但是習知的包含顯示器之測距儀,無法既提供明亮清晰的目標物及顯示器資訊又不影響背景顏色造成視覺效果不良。足見習知的包含顯示器之測距儀已經無法滿足現今的需求,需要有另一種新架構的測距儀,才能同時提高顯示器亮度又不影響背景顏色。 Today's rangefinders include displays to display information such as the distance of the measured object. The eyepieces can see the target, background, and display information at the same time. However, the conventional rangefinders that include displays cannot provide bright and clear targets. And display information does not affect the background color and cause poor visual effects. It shows that the conventional rangefinder that includes a display can no longer meet today's needs. A rangefinder with a new architecture is needed to increase the brightness of the display without affecting the background color.
有鑑於此,本發明之主要目的在於提供一種測距儀及其顯示器鏡組裝置,可同時提高顯示器之亮度又不影響背景顏色,對視覺效果有極大改善。 In view of this, the main purpose of the present invention is to provide a rangefinder and its display mirror assembly device, which can simultaneously increase the brightness of the display without affecting the background color, and greatly improve the visual effect.
本發明之顯示器鏡組裝置包括一顯示器、一透鏡組及一分合光稜鏡裝置。顯示器發出一第一波長範圍光束。透鏡組包括一入光面及一出光面,第一波長範圍光束由入光面入射透鏡組,由出光面射出透鏡組。分合光稜鏡裝置包括一第一稜鏡及一第二稜鏡。第一稜鏡包括一第一面、一第二面及一第三面,一光學多層膜覆於第三面。第二稜鏡包括一第 四面、一第五面、一第六面、一第七面及一第八面,第五面面向第三面。其中當一第二波長範圍光束由第一面入射第一稜鏡後,第二波長範圍光束將被第二面全反射至光學多層膜,光學多層膜反射部份的第二波長範圍光束,使第二波長範圍光束由第二面射出第一稜鏡,當第一波長範圍光束自透鏡組射出後,自第八面入射第二稜鏡後,由第五面射出第二稜鏡,再由光學多層膜入射第一稜鏡,光學多層膜讓部份的第一波長範圍光束通過,最後第一波長範圍光束由第二面射出第一稜鏡,其中第二波長範圍光束與第一波長範圍光束在第二面重合。透鏡組及分合光稜鏡裝置滿足以下條件:0.80%
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0002-34
E1/E0
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0002-35
0.95%;其中,E0係從顯示器發射之第一波長範圍光束的一能量,E1則是第一波長範圍光束經過透鏡組後的一能量。
The display lens group device of the present invention includes a display, a lens group and a splitting and combining light beam device. The display emits a light beam in the first wavelength range. The lens group includes a light entrance surface and a light exit surface. The light beam in the first wavelength range enters the lens group from the light entrance surface and exits the lens group from the light exit surface. The splitting and combining light beam device includes a first beam and a second beam. The first surface includes a first surface, a second surface and a third surface, and an optical multilayer film covers the third surface. The second face includes a fourth side, a fifth side, a sixth side, a seventh side and an eighth side, and the fifth side faces the third side. When a light beam in the second wavelength range enters the first beam from the first surface, the light beam in the second wavelength range will be totally reflected by the second surface to the optical multilayer film. The optical multilayer film reflects part of the light beam in the second wavelength range so that The beam of the second wavelength range is emitted from the second surface to the first beam. When the beam of the first wavelength range is emitted from the lens group, after entering the second beam from the eighth surface, the second beam is emitted from the fifth surface. The optical multilayer film is incident on the first beam, and the optical multilayer film allows part of the light beams in the first wavelength range to pass, and finally the first wavelength range beam is emitted from the second surface to the first beam, where the second wavelength range beam and the first wavelength range The beams coincide on the second side. The lens group and the separating and combining optical device meet the following conditions: 0.80%
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0002-34
E 1 /E 0
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0002-35
0.95%; where E 0 is an energy of the light beam in the first wavelength range emitted from the display, and E 1 is an energy of the light beam in the first wavelength range after passing through the lens group.
其中透鏡組包括一第一透鏡、一第二透鏡及一第三透鏡,第二透鏡位於第一透鏡與第三透鏡之間,第一透鏡包括一第一入光面,第一入光面為透鏡組之入光面,第三透鏡包括一第三出光面,第三出光面為透鏡組之出光面,入光面包括一光線有效徑,第一波長範圍光束由第一透鏡之第一入光面入射透鏡組,由第三透鏡之第三出光面射出透鏡組,透鏡組及分合光稜鏡裝置滿足以下條件:1.10
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0002-36
Dout/TTL
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0002-37
1.25;0.60
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0002-38
Din/TTL
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0002-39
0.75;其中,Dout為第八面之一光線有效徑,Din為入光面之光線有效徑,TTL為入光面至出光面於光軸上之一間距。
The lens group includes a first lens, a second lens, and a third lens. The second lens is located between the first lens and the third lens. The first lens includes a first light-incident surface. The light-incident surface of the lens group, the third lens includes a third light-emitting surface, the third light-emitting surface is the light-emitting surface of the lens group, the light-incident surface includes an effective path of light, and the first wavelength range beam enters the first lens The light surface enters the lens group, and the third light exit surface of the third lens emits the lens group. The lens group and the splitting and combining light beam device meet the following conditions: 1.10
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0002-36
D out /TTL
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0002-37
1.25; 0.60
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0002-38
D in /TTL
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0002-39
0.75; Among them, D out is the effective path of light on the eighth side, D in is the effective path of light on the light incident surface, and TTL is the distance between the light incident surface and the light exit surface on the optical axis.
其中第一透鏡、第二透鏡及第三透鏡滿足以下條件0.28
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0002-40
Din/f123
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0002-41
0.35;其中,Din為入光面之光線有效徑,f123為第一透鏡、第二透鏡及第三透鏡之一組合有效焦距。
Among them, the first lens, the second lens and the third lens meet the following conditions 0.28
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0002-40
D in /f 123
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0002-41
0.35; where D in is the effective diameter of the light incident surface, and f 123 is the combined effective focal length of one of the first lens, the second lens and the third lens.
其中第一透鏡、第二透鏡及第三透鏡滿足以下條件: 0.50
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-42
Dout/f123
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-43
0.57;其中,Dout為第八面之一光線有效徑,f123為第一透鏡、第二透鏡及第三透鏡之一組合有效焦距。
The first lens, the second lens and the third lens meet the following conditions: 0.50
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-42
D out /f 123
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-43
0.57; where D out is an effective path of light on the eighth surface, and f 123 is the combined effective focal length of one of the first lens, the second lens, and the third lens.
其中出光面和光軸相交於一第二交點,入光面之光線有效徑的一最外緣與第二交點連成一第一虛擬邊,第一虛擬邊與光軸形成一第一夾角,入光面和光軸相交於一第一交點,出光面之光線有效徑的一最外緣與第一交點連成一第二虛擬邊,第二虛擬邊與光軸形成一第二夾角,第一夾角滿足以下條件:15度
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-44
第一夾角
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-45
17度;或第二夾角滿足以下條件:8度
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-46
第二夾角
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-47
31度。
The light-emitting surface and the optical axis intersect at a second point of intersection, the outermost edge of the effective path of the light on the light-incident surface and the second point of intersection form a first virtual edge, and the first virtual edge and the optical axis form a first angle. The surface and the optical axis intersect at a first point of intersection. The outermost edge of the effective path of the light emitting surface and the first point of intersection form a second virtual edge. The second virtual edge and the optical axis form a second angle. The first angle satisfies the following Condition: 15 degrees
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-44
First angle
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-45
17 degrees; or the second included angle meets the following conditions: 8 degrees
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-46
Second angle
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-47
31 degrees.
其中分合光稜鏡裝置可更包括一屋脊型稜鏡,屋脊型稜鏡包括一第九面、一第十面及一屋脊面,第九面面向第二面。其中當一第三波長範圍光束由第一面入射第一稜鏡後,第三波長範圍光束將被第二面全反射至光學多層膜,光學多層膜讓第三波長範圍光束通過,使第三波長範圍光束由第五面入射第二稜鏡,再由第七面射出第二稜鏡。其中當第一波長範圍光束由第二面射出第一稜鏡,再由第九面入射屋脊型稜鏡。 Among them, the splitting light beam device can further include a roof-shaped beam, which includes a ninth side, a tenth side and a roof surface, and the ninth side faces the second side. When a light beam in the third wavelength range enters the first beam from the first surface, the light beam in the third wavelength range will be totally reflected by the second surface to the optical multilayer film. The optical multilayer film allows the light beam in the third wavelength range to pass through, so that the third The wavelength range beam enters the second beam from the fifth surface, and then emits the second beam from the seventh surface. Wherein, the light beam in the first wavelength range is emitted from the second surface to the first beam, and then enters the roof beam from the ninth surface.
其中顯示器鏡組裝置滿足以下條件:2.10度/mm
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-48
A1/TTL
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-49
2.30度/mm;其中,A1為第一夾角,TTL為入光面至出光面沿著光軸之一間距。
The display lens group device meets the following conditions: 2.10 degrees/mm
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-48
A 1 /TTL
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-49
2.30 degrees/mm; where A 1 is the first included angle, and TTL is the distance between the light incident surface and the light exit surface along the optical axis.
其中顯示器鏡組裝置滿足以下條件:3.95度/mm
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-50
A2/TTL
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-51
4.40度/mm;其中,A2為第二夾角,TTL為入光面至出光面沿著光軸之一間距。
The display lens group device meets the following conditions: 3.95 degrees/mm
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-50
A 2 /TTL
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0003-51
4.40 degrees/mm; where, A 2 is the second included angle, and TTL is the distance between the light incident surface and the light exit surface along the optical axis.
其中光學多層膜反射部份的第一波長範圍光束與第二波長範圍光束,且光學多層膜讓第三波長範圍光束通過,其中第一波長範圍光 束與第二波長範圍光束皆為可見光,而第三波長範圍光束則為紅外光。 The first wavelength range light beam and the second wavelength range light beam of the optical multilayer film reflect part, and the optical multilayer film allows the third wavelength range light beam to pass, and the first wavelength range light Both the beam and the second wavelength range beam are visible light, and the third wavelength range beam is infrared light.
本發明之測距儀包括一光發射器、一物鏡、一顯示器鏡組裝置、一目鏡及一光接收器。其中第二波長範圍光束係由一被測物發出,第三波長範圍光束係由光發射器發出再經被測物反射,第二波長範圍光束與第三波長範圍光束一起通過物鏡而入射分合光稜鏡裝置,分合光菱鏡裝置將第二波長範圍光束及第三波長範圍光束導引至不同方向,使第二波長範圍光束入射目鏡,使第三波長範圍光束入射光接收器。其中第一波長範圍光束入射分合光稜鏡裝置,使第一波長範圍光束與第二波長範圍光束一起入射目鏡。 The rangefinder of the present invention includes a light emitter, an objective lens, a display lens group device, an eyepiece and a light receiver. The second wavelength range beam is emitted by an object to be measured, the third wavelength range beam is emitted by a light emitter and then reflected by the measured object. The second wavelength range beam and the third wavelength range beam pass through the objective lens and enter and split and combine. The light beam device, the splitting and combining light diamond mirror device guides the second wavelength range light beam and the third wavelength range light beam to different directions, so that the second wavelength range light beam enters the eyepiece, and the third wavelength range light beam enters the light receiver. The light beam in the first wavelength range enters the splitting and combining light beam device, so that the light beam in the first wavelength range and the light beam in the second wavelength range enter the eyepiece together.
為使本發明之上述目的、特徵、和優點能更明顯易懂,下文特舉較佳實施例並配合所附圖式做詳細說明。 In order to make the above-mentioned objects, features, and advantages of the present invention more obvious and understandable, the following specifically describes preferred embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
1‧‧‧測距儀 1‧‧‧Rangefinder
2、71‧‧‧可見光 2, 71‧‧‧Visible light
3‧‧‧焦平面 3‧‧‧Focal plane
10‧‧‧分合光稜鏡裝置 10‧‧‧Splitting and Integrating Optical Device
11‧‧‧第一稜鏡 11‧‧‧First 稜鏡
111‧‧‧第一面 111‧‧‧First side
112‧‧‧第二面 112‧‧‧Second Side
113‧‧‧第三面 113‧‧‧The third side
13‧‧‧第二稜鏡 13‧‧‧Second 稜鏡
131‧‧‧第四面 131‧‧‧Fourth side
132‧‧‧第五面 132‧‧‧Fifth Side
133‧‧‧第六面 133‧‧‧Sixth side
134‧‧‧第七面 134‧‧‧Seventh side
135‧‧‧第八面 135‧‧‧The eighth side
136、137、138、139、140‧‧‧夾角 136, 137, 138, 139, 140‧‧‧ included angle
15‧‧‧屋脊型稜鏡 15‧‧‧Roof ridge
151‧‧‧第九面 151‧‧‧Side Ninth
152‧‧‧第十面 152‧‧‧Tenth Side
153‧‧‧屋脊面 153‧‧‧Roof surface
17‧‧‧光學多層膜 17‧‧‧Optical multilayer film
20‧‧‧光發射器 20‧‧‧Light Transmitter
21‧‧‧準直鏡 21‧‧‧Collimating lens
30‧‧‧物鏡 30‧‧‧Objective lens
40‧‧‧目鏡 40‧‧‧Eyepiece
50‧‧‧光接收器 50‧‧‧Optical Receiver
60、75‧‧‧反射鏡 60、75‧‧‧Mirror
70‧‧‧顯示器鏡組裝置 70‧‧‧Display lens group device
72‧‧‧透鏡組 72‧‧‧lens group
73‧‧‧顯示器 73‧‧‧Display
OA‧‧‧光軸 OA‧‧‧Optical axis
ST‧‧‧光圈 ST‧‧‧Aperture
76‧‧‧第一透鏡 76‧‧‧First lens
77‧‧‧第二透鏡 77‧‧‧Second lens
78‧‧‧第三透鏡 78‧‧‧Third lens
S2‧‧‧光圈面 S2‧‧‧Aperture surface
S3‧‧‧第一入光面 S3‧‧‧First light incident surface
S4‧‧‧第一出光面 S4‧‧‧First Glossy Surface
S5‧‧‧第二入光面 S5‧‧‧The second light incident surface
S6‧‧‧第二出光面 S6‧‧‧Second Glossy Surface
S7‧‧‧第三入光面 S7‧‧‧The third light-incident surface
S8‧‧‧第三出光面 S8‧‧‧The third light-emitting surface
DL‧‧‧口徑 D L ‧‧‧ caliber
Din、Dout‧‧‧光線有效徑 D in 、D out ‧‧‧Effective light path
P1‧‧‧第一交點 P 1 ‧‧‧first intersection
LN1‧‧‧第一虛擬邊 LN1‧‧‧First virtual edge
A1‧‧‧第一夾角 A 1 ‧‧‧First included angle
P2‧‧‧第二交點 P 2 ‧‧‧ second intersection
LN2‧‧‧第二虛擬邊 LN2‧‧‧Second virtual edge
A2‧‧‧第二夾角 A 2 ‧‧‧The second included angle
201T、201R‧‧‧紅外光 201T, 201R‧‧‧Infrared light
第1A圖係依據本發明之分合光稜鏡裝置之一實施例的可見光光路示意圖。 FIG. 1A is a schematic diagram of the visible light path of an embodiment of the splitting and combining light beam device according to the present invention.
第1B圖係依據本發明之分合光稜鏡裝置之一實施例的紅外光光路示意圖。 FIG. 1B is a schematic diagram of the infrared light path of an embodiment of the splitting and combining photonics device according to the present invention.
第1C圖係第1A圖之第二稜鏡之各相臨面的夾角角度示意圖。 Figure 1C is a schematic diagram of the angles of the adjacent faces of the second ridge of Figure 1A.
第2A圖係依據本發明之測距儀之一實施例的架構與紅外光光路示意圖。 FIG. 2A is a schematic diagram of the architecture and infrared light path of an embodiment of the rangefinder according to the present invention.
第2B圖係依據本發明之測距儀之一實施例的架構與可見光光路示意圖。 FIG. 2B is a schematic diagram of the architecture and visible light path of an embodiment of the rangefinder according to the present invention.
第3圖係第2A、2B圖之顯示器鏡組裝置之局部放大示意圖。 Figure 3 is a partial enlarged schematic view of the display lens assembly of Figures 2A and 2B.
以下說明內容中,可見光2可視為第二波長範圍光束,紅外光201R可視為第三波長範圍光束,可見光71可視為第一波長範圍光束。 In the following description, the visible light 2 can be regarded as a light beam in the second wavelength range, the infrared light 201R can be regarded as a light beam in the third wavelength range, and the visible light 71 can be regarded as a light beam in the first wavelength range.
請同時參閱第1A圖及第1B圖及第1C圖。第1A圖係依據本發明之分合光稜鏡裝置之一實施例的可見光光路示意圖,第1B圖係依據本發明之分合光稜鏡裝置之一實施例的紅外光光路示意圖,第1C圖係第1A圖之第二稜鏡之各相臨面的夾角角度示意圖。如第1A圖所示,分合光稜鏡裝置10包括一第一稜鏡11、一第二稜鏡13及一屋脊型稜鏡15。第一稜鏡11包括一第一面111、一第二面112及一第三面113,第三面113鍍覆一光學多層膜17,光學多層膜17允許紅外光通過,可見光將部份穿透部份被反射。第二稜鏡13包括一第四面131、一第五面132、一第六面133、一第七面134及一第八面135,第二稜鏡13之第五面132面向第一稜鏡11之第三面113且膠合。屋脊型稜鏡15包括一第九面151、一第十面152及一屋脊面153,屋脊型稜鏡15之第九面151面向第一稜鏡11之第二面112。如第1C圖所示,第二稜鏡13之第四面131與第五面132之夾角136等於101.45度、第五面132與第六面133之夾角137等於90度、第六面133與第七面134之夾角138等於112.5度、第七面134與第八面135之夾角139等於135度、第八面135與第四面131之夾角140等於101.05度。 Please refer to Figure 1A and Figure 1B and Figure 1C at the same time. Figure 1A is a schematic view of the visible light path of an embodiment of the splitting and combining optical device according to the present invention, and Figure 1B is a schematic view of the infrared light path of one embodiment of the splitting and combining optical device of the present invention, and Figure 1C It is a schematic diagram of the included angles of the adjacent surfaces of the second tang in Figure 1A. As shown in FIG. 1A, the separating and combining light beam device 10 includes a first beam 11, a second beam 13 and a roof-shaped beam 15. The first surface 11 includes a first surface 111, a second surface 112, and a third surface 113. The third surface 113 is coated with an optical multilayer film 17. The optical multilayer film 17 allows infrared light to pass through, and visible light partially penetrates. The transparent part is reflected. The second ridge 13 includes a fourth side 131, a fifth side 132, a sixth side 133, a seventh side 134, and an eighth side 135. The fifth side 132 of the second ridge 13 faces the first side The third surface 113 of the mirror 11 is glued. The roof ridge 15 includes a ninth side 151, a tenth side 152, and a roof 153. The ninth side 151 of the roof ridge 15 faces the second side 112 of the first ridge 11. As shown in Figure 1C, the included angle 136 between the fourth surface 131 and the fifth surface 132 of the second ridge 13 is equal to 101.45 degrees, the included angle 137 between the fifth surface 132 and the sixth surface 133 is equal to 90 degrees, and the sixth surface 133 is equal to The included angle 138 of the seventh surface 134 is equal to 112.5 degrees, the included angle 139 of the seventh surface 134 and the eighth surface 135 is equal to 135 degrees, and the included angle 140 of the eighth surface 135 and the fourth surface 131 is equal to 101.05 degrees.
當一可見光2入射第一稜鏡11後,將直接穿透第一面111射向第二面112,射向第二面112的可見光2將發生全反射,使得可見光2改變行進方向射向第三面113及光學多層膜17,因為光學多層膜17允許紅 外光通過,可見光將部份穿透部份被反射,所以部份的可見光2將被反射改變行進方向射向第二面112,且由第二面112射出第一稜鏡11再入射屋脊型稜鏡15,射向屋脊型稜鏡15的可見光2將直接穿透第九面151,接著可見光2將分別於第十面152、屋脊面153及第九面151發生全反射改變行進方向,最後由第十面152射出屋脊型稜鏡15。 When a visible light 2 is incident on the first face 11, it will directly penetrate the first surface 111 and be directed to the second surface 112. The visible light 2 directed to the second surface 112 will be totally reflected, so that the visible light 2 will change its traveling direction and be directed toward the second surface. Three sides 113 and optical multilayer film 17, because optical multilayer film 17 allows red When the external light passes, part of the visible light will penetrate and be reflected, so part of the visible light 2 will be reflected and change the direction of travel to the second surface 112, and then the first ridge 11 will be emitted from the second surface 112 and then enter the roof type. For the ridge 15, the visible light 2 directed to the ridge type ridge 15 will directly penetrate the ninth surface 151, and then the visible light 2 will be totally reflected on the tenth surface 152, the roof surface 153 and the ninth surface 151 to change the direction of travel, and finally From the tenth side 152, a roof ridge 15 is projected.
當另一可見光71由第八面135入射第二稜鏡13後,將直接射向第五面132、光學多層膜17及第三面113,可見光71將直接穿透第五面132,因為光學多層膜17允許紅外光通過,可見光將部份穿透部份被反射,所以部份的可見光71將穿透光學多層膜17,由第三面113入射第一稜鏡11,最後由向第二面112射出第一稜鏡11再入射屋脊型稜鏡15,射向屋脊型稜鏡15的可見光71將直接穿透第九面151,接著可見光71將分別於第十面152、屋脊面153及第九面151發生全反射改變行進方向,最後由第十面152射出屋脊型稜鏡15。 When another visible light 71 enters the second face 13 from the eighth face 135, it will directly hit the fifth face 132, the optical multilayer film 17 and the third face 113, and the visible light 71 will directly penetrate the fifth face 132 because of the optical The multilayer film 17 allows infrared light to pass through, and part of the visible light will pass through and be reflected. Therefore, part of the visible light 71 will pass through the optical multilayer film 17, and enter the first beam 11 from the third surface 113, and finally pass to the second The surface 112 emits the first ridge 11 and then enters the ridge ridge 15 and the visible light 71 directed to the ridge type ridge 15 will directly penetrate the ninth surface 151, and then the visible light 71 will be respectively on the tenth side 152, roof ridge surface 153 and The ninth surface 151 undergoes total reflection to change the direction of travel, and finally the roof ridge 15 is projected from the tenth surface 152.
上述可見光2與可見光71在第二面112重合。 The above-mentioned visible light 2 and visible light 71 overlap on the second surface 112.
請參考第1B圖,當一紅外光201R入射第一稜鏡11後,將直接穿透第一面111射向第二面112,射向第二面112的紅外光201R發生全反射,使得紅外光201R改變行進方向射向第三面113及光學多層膜17,因為光學多層膜17允許紅外光通過,可見光將部份穿透部份被反射,所以紅外光201R將直接穿透第三面113及光學多層膜17,由第五面132入射第二稜鏡13,射入第二稜鏡13的紅外光201R將直接穿透第七面134,由第七面134射出第二稜鏡13。 Please refer to Figure 1B. When an infrared light 201R is incident on the first surface 11, it will directly penetrate the first surface 111 and be directed to the second surface 112. The infrared light 201R directed to the second surface 112 will be totally reflected, causing the infrared The light 201R changes its traveling direction and shoots to the third surface 113 and the optical multilayer film 17. Because the optical multilayer film 17 allows infrared light to pass through, the visible light will partially penetrate and be reflected, so the infrared light 201R will directly penetrate the third surface 113 And the optical multilayer film 17 enters the second beam 13 from the fifth surface 132, and the infrared light 201R incident on the second beam 13 will directly penetrate the seventh surface 134, and the second beam 13 is emitted from the seventh surface 134.
綜上所述,當可見光2及紅外光201R同時由第一面111入 射分合光稜鏡裝置10,可見光2及紅外光201R最後將被分光朝不同方向前進,可見光2將從第十面152射出分合光稜鏡裝置10,其行進方向沒有改變,紅外光201R將從第七面134射出分光合光稜鏡裝置10,其行進方向改變。 In summary, when visible light 2 and infrared light 201R enter from the first side 111 at the same time In the radiation splitting and combining optical device 10, the visible light 2 and the infrared light 201R will finally be split to travel in different directions, and the visible light 2 will be emitted from the tenth surface 152 out of the splitting and combining optical device 10, and its traveling direction has not changed, and the infrared light 201R The light splitting light beam device 10 is emitted from the seventh surface 134, and its traveling direction is changed.
請同時參閱第1B圖及第2A圖,第2A圖係依據本發明之測距儀之一實施例的架構與紅外光光路示意圖。測距儀1包括一光發射器20、一準直鏡21、一物鏡30、一目鏡40、一光接收器50、一反射鏡60及一顯示器鏡組裝置70。顯示器鏡組裝置70包括一分合光稜鏡裝置10、一透鏡組72、一顯示器73及一反射鏡75。透鏡組72包括一光圈ST、一第一透鏡76、一第二透鏡77及一第三透鏡78。測距儀1使用時由光發射器20發出一紅外光201T,紅外光210T通過準直鏡21後調整為準直的紅外光201T再射向一被測物(未圖示)。被測物可將入射的紅外光201T反射,使一紅外光201R射向測距儀1。射向測距儀1的紅外光201R先通過物鏡30,再由第一稜鏡11之第一面111入射分合光稜鏡裝置10,紅外光201R將被第二面112全反射,接著穿透第三面113、光學多層膜17及第五面132,最後由第七面134射出分合光稜鏡裝置10,接著藉由反射鏡60反射,最終入射光接收器50,再經後續的資料處理即可將被測物距離算出顯示在顯示器73。 Please refer to FIG. 1B and FIG. 2A at the same time. FIG. 2A is a schematic diagram of the architecture and infrared light path of an embodiment of the rangefinder according to the present invention. The rangefinder 1 includes a light emitter 20, a collimator lens 21, an objective lens 30, an eyepiece 40, a light receiver 50, a reflector 60 and a display lens assembly 70. The display mirror device 70 includes a splitting and combining light beam device 10, a lens group 72, a display 73 and a reflection mirror 75. The lens group 72 includes an aperture ST, a first lens 76, a second lens 77 and a third lens 78. When the rangefinder 1 is in use, the light emitter 20 emits an infrared light 201T, the infrared light 210T is adjusted to the collimated infrared light 201T after passing through the collimator lens 21 and then directed toward an object to be measured (not shown). The measured object can reflect the incident infrared light 201T, so that an infrared light 201R is directed toward the rangefinder 1. The infrared light 201R directed to the rangefinder 1 first passes through the objective lens 30, and then enters the splitting and combining optical device 10 from the first surface 111 of the first beam 11, the infrared light 201R will be totally reflected by the second surface 112, and then pass through After passing through the third surface 113, the optical multilayer film 17 and the fifth surface 132, the splitting and combining light beam device 10 is finally emitted from the seventh surface 134, and then reflected by the reflector 60, and finally incident on the light receiver 50, and then through the subsequent Data processing can calculate the distance of the measured object and display it on the display 73.
請同時參閱第1A圖及第2B圖,第2B圖係依據本發明之測距儀之一實施例的架構與可見光光路示意圖。被測物(未圖示)本身會反射可見光,使一可見光2射向測距儀1。射向測距儀1的可見光2先通過物鏡30,再由第一稜鏡11之第一面111射入分合光稜鏡裝置10,可見光2將被第二面112全反射射向第三面113及光學多層膜17,光學多層膜17將部份的可 見光2反射,最後由第二面112射出第一稜鏡11再入射屋脊型稜鏡15,射向屋脊型稜鏡15的可見光2將直接穿透第九面151,接著可見光2將分別於第十面152、屋脊面153及第九面151發生全反射改變行進方向,最後由第十面152射出屋脊型稜鏡15,再入射目鏡40,使用者可通過目鏡40觀看被測物影像。 Please refer to FIG. 1A and FIG. 2B at the same time. FIG. 2B is a schematic diagram of the structure and the visible light path of an embodiment of the rangefinder according to the present invention. The object to be measured (not shown) will reflect visible light, so that a visible light 2 is directed toward the rangefinder 1. The visible light 2 emitted to the rangefinder 1 first passes through the objective lens 30, and then enters the splitting and combining optical device 10 from the first surface 111 of the first beam 11, and the visible light 2 will be totally reflected by the second surface 112 and directed toward the third Surface 113 and optical multilayer film 17, optical multilayer film 17 will partially Seeing light 2 is reflected, and finally the first ridge 11 is emitted from the second surface 112 and then incident on the roof ridge ridge 15. The visible light 2 directed toward the ridge ridge 15 will directly penetrate the ninth surface 151, and then the visible light 2 will be separated on The tenth surface 152, the roof surface 153, and the ninth surface 151 change the direction of travel by total reflection. Finally, the roof ridge 15 is emitted from the tenth surface 152 and then enters the eyepiece 40. The user can view the image of the object through the eyepiece 40.
顯示器73發出一可見光71,可見光71先經反射鏡75反射改變行進方向依序入射光圈ST、第一透鏡76、第二透鏡77及第三透鏡78,再由第二稜鏡13之第八面135入射分合光稜鏡裝置10,最後由第十面152射出屋脊型稜鏡15且成像於焦平面3,使用者可通過目鏡40觀看焦平面3之成像,即使用者可由目鏡40看見顯示器73所顯示的被測物距離。 The display 73 emits a visible light 71. The visible light 71 is first reflected by the reflector 75 to change the direction of travel and sequentially enter the aperture ST, the first lens 76, the second lens 77 and the third lens 78, and then the second lens 13 on the eighth surface 135 is incident on the light beam device 10, and finally the roof beam 15 is emitted from the tenth surface 152 and is imaged on the focal plane 3. The user can view the image of the focal plane 3 through the eyepiece 40, that is, the user can see the display through the eyepiece 40 73 shows the distance of the measured object.
請參考第3圖,第3圖係第2A、2B圖之透鏡組72的局部放大示意圖。透鏡組72沿著一光軸OA從一入光側至一出光側依序包括光圈ST、第一透鏡76、第二透鏡77及第三透鏡78。第一透鏡76包括一第一入光面S3及一第一出光面S4,第二透鏡77包括一第二入光面S5及一第二出光面S6,第三透鏡78包括一第三入光面S7及一第三出光面S8,第一入光面S3即為透鏡組72之一入光面,第三出光面S8即為透鏡組72之一出光面。DL為透鏡組72之一口徑,Din為第一透鏡76之第一入光面S3之一光線有效徑,Dout為第二稜鏡13之第八面135之一光線有效徑,第一入光面S1和光軸OA相交於一第一交點P1,第三出光面S8之光線有效徑的最外緣與第一交點P1連成一第二虛擬邊LN2,第二虛擬邊LN2與光軸OA形成一第二夾角A2,第三出光面S8和光軸OA相交於一第二交點P2,第一入光面S3之光線有效徑的最外緣與第二交點P2連成一第一虛擬邊LN1,第一虛擬邊 LN1與光軸OA形成一第一夾角A1。來自顯示器73之可見光71將先通過光圈ST,再由第一入光面S3入射第一透鏡76,最後由第三出光面S8射出第三透鏡78。另外,光圈ST、第一透鏡76、第二透鏡77及第三透鏡78所組成之透鏡組72至少滿足底下其中任一條件:
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-1
Please refer to FIG. 3, which is a partial enlarged schematic view of the lens group 72 in FIGS. 2A and 2B. The lens group 72 includes an aperture ST, a first lens 76, a second lens 77, and a third lens 78 in order from a light entrance side to a light exit side along an optical axis OA. The first lens 76 includes a first light entrance surface S3 and a first light exit surface S4, the second lens 77 includes a second light entrance surface S5 and a second light exit surface S6, and the third lens 78 includes a third light entrance surface Surface S7 and a third light-emitting surface S8. The first light-incident surface S3 is a light-incident surface of the lens group 72, and the third light-emitting surface S8 is a light-emitting surface of the lens group 72. D L is an aperture of the lens group 72, D in is an effective path of light from the first light incident surface S3 of the first lens 76, D out is an effective path of light from the eighth surface 135 of the second lens 13, and A light incident surface S1 and the optical axis OA intersect at a first intersection point P 1 , the outermost edge of the effective path of the light beam of the third light exit surface S8 and the first intersection point P 1 are connected to form a second virtual side LN2, and the second virtual side LN2 and The optical axis OA forms a second included angle A 2 , the third light exit surface S8 and the optical axis OA intersect at a second intersection point P 2 , and the outermost edge of the effective path of the light rays of the first light incident surface S3 is connected to the second intersection point P 2 The first virtual side LN1, the first virtual side LN1 and the optical axis OA form a first angle A 1 . The visible light 71 from the display 73 will first pass through the aperture ST, then enter the first lens 76 from the first light incident surface S3, and finally exit the third lens 78 from the third light exit surface S8. In addition, the lens group 72 composed of the aperture ST, the first lens 76, the second lens 77 and the third lens 78 satisfies at least one of the following conditions:
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-1
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-2
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-2
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-3
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-3
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-4
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-4
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-5
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-5
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-6
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-6
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-7
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-7
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-8
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-8
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-9
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0009-9
0.96度/mm<A1/f123<1.07度/mm (10) 0.96 degrees/mm<A 1 /f 123 <1.07 degrees/mm (10)
1.78度/mm<A2/f123<2.04度/mm (11) 1.78 degrees/mm<A 2 /f 123 <2.04 degrees/mm (11)
其中,E0為顯示器73發射之可見光71之一能量,E1為可見光71通過透鏡組72後的一能量,Din為第一入光面S3之一光線有效徑,Dout為第二稜鏡13之第八面135之一光線有效徑,TTL為第一入光面S3至第三出光面S8於光軸OA上之一間距,f123為第一透鏡76、第二透鏡77及第三透鏡78之一組合有效焦距,A1為第一夾角,A2為第二夾角。藉由改變DL、Din、Dout及至少滿足條件(1)至條件(11)其中一條件之設計,可有效提高顯示器鏡組裝置70之目視亮度(透過目鏡40觀看)且不影響背景顏色。底下將提 出兩種實施例說明不同的DL、Din、Dout值及條件(1)至條件(11)之值對顯示器鏡組裝置70之目視亮度之影響。 Where E 0 is an energy of the visible light 71 emitted by the display 73, E 1 is an energy of the visible light 71 after passing through the lens group 72, D in is an effective path of light from the first light incident surface S3, and D out is the second edge The eighth surface 135 of the mirror 13 is a light effective path, TTL is a distance between the first light-incident surface S3 to the third light-emitting surface S8 on the optical axis OA, and f 123 is the first lens 76, the second lens 77 and the The effective focal length of one of the three lenses 78 is combined, A 1 is the first angle, and A 2 is the second angle. By changing D L , D in , D out and a design that meets at least one of the conditions (1) to (11), the visual brightness of the display lens assembly 70 (viewing through the eyepiece 40) can be effectively improved without affecting the background colour. Two embodiments are presented below to illustrate the effects of different values of D L , D in , D out and the values of Condition (1) to Condition (11) on the visual brightness of the display lens assembly 70.
上述條件中,若條件(1)修改為85%
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-52
E1/E0
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-53
93%則有較佳效果。
Among the above conditions, if condition (1) is modified to 85%
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-52
E 1 /E 0
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-53
93% has better results.
上述條件中,若條件(2)修改為0.64
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-54
Din/TTL
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-55
0.71則有較佳效果。
Among the above conditions, if condition (2) is modified to 0.64
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-54
D in /TTL
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-55
0.71 has better results.
上述條件中,若條件(4)修改為0.29
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-56
Din/f123
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-57
0.32則有較佳效果。
Among the above conditions, if condition (4) is modified to 0.29
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-56
D in /f 123
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-57
0.32 has better results.
上述條件中,若條件(8)修改為2.25度/mm
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-59
A1/TTL
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-60
2.26度/mm則有較佳效果。
Among the above conditions, if condition (8) is modified to 2.25 degrees/mm
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-59
A 1 /TTL
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-60
2.26 degrees/mm has better results.
上述條件中,若條件(9)修改為4.15度/mm
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-61
A2/TTL
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-62
4.32度/mm則有較佳效果。
Among the above conditions, if condition (9) is modified to 4.15 degrees/mm
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-61
A 2 /TTL
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-62
4.32 degrees/mm has better results.
上述條件中,若條件(11)修改為1.87度/mm<A2/f123<1.94度/mm則有較佳效果。 Among the above conditions, if condition (11) is modified to 1.87 degrees/mm<A 2 /f 123 <1.94 degrees/mm, it will have a better effect.
請參考表一,表一為第一實施例中透鏡組72之各透鏡之相關參數表,表一資料顯示,第一透鏡76、第二透鏡77及第三透鏡78之組合有效焦距f123等於15.8045mm、第一入光面S3至第三出光面S8於光軸OA上之間距TTL等於7.121mm。 Please refer to Table 1. Table 1 is a table of related parameters of each lens of lens group 72 in the first embodiment. The data in Table 1 shows that the combined effective focal length f 123 of the first lens 76, the second lens 77 and the third lens 78 is equal to 15.8045mm, the TTL between the first light-incident surface S3 to the third light-emitting surface S8 on the optical axis OA is equal to 7.121 mm.
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-11
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0010-11
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0011-12
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0011-12
表二為條件(2)至條件(11)中各參數值及條件(2)至條件(11)之計算值,由表二可知,第一實施例之透鏡組72皆能滿足條件(2)至條件(11)之要求。 Table 2 shows the values of the parameters in Condition (2) to Condition (11) and the calculated values of Condition (2) to Condition (11). It can be seen from Table 2 that the lens group 72 of the first embodiment can all satisfy the condition (2) To the requirements of condition (11).
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0011-14
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0011-14
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0012-15
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0012-15
請參考表三,表三為第二實施例中透鏡組72之相關參數表,表三資料顯示,第一透鏡76、第二透鏡77及第三透鏡78之組合有效焦距f123等於15.7745mm、第一入光面S3至第三出光面S8於光軸OA上之間距TTL等於7.091mm。 Please refer to Table 3. Table 3 is a table of related parameters of the lens group 72 in the second embodiment. The data in Table 3 shows that the combined effective focal length f 123 of the first lens 76, the second lens 77 and the third lens 78 is equal to 15.7745mm, The TTL between the first light-incident surface S3 to the third light-emitting surface S8 on the optical axis OA is equal to 7.091 mm.
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0012-16
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0012-16
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0013-17
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0013-17
表四為條件(2)至條件(11)中各參數值及條件(2)至條件(11)之計算值,由表四可知,第二實施例之透鏡組72皆能滿足條件(2)至條件(11)之要求。 Table 4 shows the parameter values of conditions (2) to (11) and the calculated values of conditions (2) to (11). From Table 4, it can be seen that the lens group 72 of the second embodiment can all satisfy the condition (2) To the requirements of condition (11).
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0013-19
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0013-19
請參考表五,表五為第一實施例、第二實施例中,不同DL、Din及Dout值對顯示器鏡組裝置70的目視亮度之比較表,其中亮度的單位可以用流明(Lumen,lm)或者用瓦(Watt,W)等單位,本發明將以瓦作為亮度的單位說明。由表五可知,可見光71通過透鏡組72前後的能量比值符合條件(1):0.80%
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0013-63
E1/E0
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0013-64
0.95%。第一實施例中,可見光71通過透鏡組72前的能量E0為63瓦,通過透鏡組72後的能量E1為0.54瓦。第二實施例中,可見光71通過透鏡組72前的能量E0為63瓦,通過透鏡組72後的能量E1為0.59瓦。 可得到第一實施例及第二實施例之E1/E0分別為0.85%及0.93%,足見增大第一入光面S3之光線有效徑、增大第二稜鏡13之第八面135之光線有效徑或至少滿足條件(1)至條件(11)其中一條件之設計可有效提升顯示器鏡組裝置70之目視亮度。
Please refer to Table 5. Table 5 is a comparison table of the visual brightness of the display lens assembly 70 with different values of D L , D in and D out in the first and second embodiments. The unit of brightness can be lumens ( Lumen, lm) or units such as watts (Watt, W), the present invention will be described with watts as the unit of brightness. It can be seen from Table 5 that the energy ratio before and after the visible light 71 passes through the lens group 72 meets the condition (1): 0.80%
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0013-63
E 1 /E 0
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0013-64
0.95%. In the first embodiment, the energy E 0 of the visible light 71 before passing through the lens group 72 is 63 watts, and the energy E 1 after passing through the lens group 72 is 0.54 watts. In the second embodiment, the energy E 0 of the visible light 71 before passing through the lens group 72 is 63 watts, and the energy E 1 after passing through the lens group 72 is 0.59 watts. It can be obtained that the E 1 /E 0 of the first embodiment and the second embodiment are 0.85% and 0.93%, respectively, which shows that the effective diameter of the first light incident surface S3 is increased, and the eighth side of the second light beam 13 The effective path of light of 135 or a design satisfying at least one of the conditions (1) to (11) can effectively improve the visual brightness of the display lens assembly 70.
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0014-20
Figure 108115536-A0101-12-0014-20
上述實施例中的顯示器73可為液晶顯示器(LCD)或者為有機發光二極體(OLED)。 The display 73 in the above embodiment may be a liquid crystal display (LCD) or an organic light emitting diode (OLED).
上述實施例中的光發射器20可為半導體雷射(Semiconductor Laser),光接收器50可為崩潰光二極體(APD)或光二極體(PD)。 In the above embodiment, the light transmitter 20 may be a semiconductor laser (Semiconductor Laser), and the light receiver 50 may be a breakdown photodiode (APD) or a photodiode (PD).
雖然本發明已以實施方式揭露如上,然其並非用以限定本發明,任何熟悉此技藝者,在不脫離本發明的精神和範圍內,當可作各種的更動與潤飾,因此本發明的保護範圍當視後附的申請專利範圍所界定者為準。 Although the present invention has been disclosed in the above embodiments, it is not intended to limit the present invention. Anyone familiar with the art can make various changes and modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection of the present invention The scope shall be subject to the scope of the attached patent application.
1‧‧‧測距儀 1‧‧‧Rangefinder
3‧‧‧焦平面 3‧‧‧Focal plane
10‧‧‧分合光稜鏡裝置 10‧‧‧Splitting and Integrating Optical Device
20‧‧‧光發射器 20‧‧‧Light Transmitter
21‧‧‧準直鏡 21‧‧‧Collimating lens
30‧‧‧物鏡 30‧‧‧Objective lens
40‧‧‧目鏡 40‧‧‧Eyepiece
50‧‧‧光接收器 50‧‧‧Optical Receiver
60、75‧‧‧反射鏡 60、75‧‧‧Mirror
70‧‧‧顯示器鏡組裝置 70‧‧‧Display lens group device
72‧‧‧透鏡組 72‧‧‧lens group
73‧‧‧顯示器 73‧‧‧Display
ST‧‧‧光圈 ST‧‧‧Aperture
76‧‧‧第一透鏡 76‧‧‧First lens
77‧‧‧第二透鏡 77‧‧‧Second lens
78‧‧‧第三透鏡 78‧‧‧Third lens
201T、201R‧‧‧紅外光 201T, 201R‧‧‧Infrared light

Claims (10)

  1. 一種顯示器鏡組裝置,包括:一顯示器,該顯示器發出一第一波長範圍光束;一透鏡組,該透鏡組包括一入光面以及一出光面,該第一波長範圍光束由該入光面入射該透鏡組,由該出光面射出該透鏡組;以及一分合光稜鏡裝置,該分合光稜鏡裝置包括:一第一稜鏡,該第一稜鏡包括一第一面、一第二面以及一第三面,一光學多層膜覆於該第三面;以及一第二稜鏡,該第二稜鏡包括一第四面、一第五面、一第六面、一第七面以及一第八面,該第五面面向該第三面;其中當一第二波長範圍光束由該第一面入射該第一稜鏡後,該第二波長範圍光束將被該第二面全反射至該光學多層膜,該光學多層膜反射部份的該第二波長範圍光束,使該第二波長範圍光束由該第二面射出該第一稜鏡,當該第一波長範圍光束自該透鏡組射出後,自該第八面入射該第二稜鏡後,由該第五面射出該第二稜鏡,再由該光學多層膜入射該第一稜鏡,該光學多層膜讓部份的該第一波長範圍光束通過,最後該第一波長範圍光束由該第二面射出該第一稜鏡,其中該第二波長範圍光束與該第一波長範圍光束在該第二面重合;其中該透鏡組以及該分合光稜鏡裝置滿足以下條件:0.80%
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0001-65
    E1/E0
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0001-67
    0.95%;其中,E0係從該顯示器發射之該第一波長範圍光束的一能量,E1則是該第一波長範圍光束經過該透鏡組後的一能量。
    A display lens group device, comprising: a display, which emits a light beam of a first wavelength range; a lens group, the lens group comprising a light entrance surface and a light exit surface, and the light beam of the first wavelength range is incident from the light entrance surface The lens group, the lens group is emitted from the light exit surface; and a splitting and combining light beam device, the splitting and combining light beam device includes: a first beam, the first beam including a first surface, a first surface On two sides and a third side, an optical multilayer film is coated on the third side; and a second rim, the second rim includes a fourth side, a fifth side, a sixth side, and a seventh side Surface and an eighth surface, the fifth surface faces the third surface; wherein when a second wavelength range light beam enters the first beam from the first surface, the second wavelength range light beam will be affected by the second surface Total reflection to the optical multilayer film, the optical multilayer film reflects part of the second wavelength range light beam, so that the second wavelength range light beam is emitted from the second surface to the first beam, when the first wavelength range light beam is from After the lens group is emitted, the second lens is incident from the eighth side, the second lens is emitted from the fifth side, and then the first lens is incident from the optical multilayer film. Part of the first wavelength range light beam passes through, and finally the first wavelength range light beam exits the first beam from the second surface, wherein the second wavelength range light beam and the first wavelength range light beam overlap on the second surface; Among them, the lens group and the splitting and combining optical device meet the following conditions: 0.80%
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0001-65
    E 1 /E 0
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0001-67
    0.95%; where E 0 is an energy of the light beam in the first wavelength range emitted from the display, and E 1 is an energy of the light beam in the first wavelength range after passing through the lens group.
  2. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之顯示器鏡組裝置,其中該透鏡組包括一第一透鏡、一第二透鏡以及一第三透鏡,該第二透鏡位於該第一透鏡與該第三透鏡之間,該第一透鏡包括一第一入光面,該第一入光面為該透鏡組之該入光面,該第三透鏡包括一第三出光面,該第三出光面為該透鏡組之該出光面,該入光面包括一光線有效徑,該第一波長範圍光束由該第一透鏡之該第一入光面入射該透鏡組,由該第三透鏡之該第三出光面射出該透鏡組,該透鏡組以及該分合光稜鏡裝置滿足以下任一條件:1.10
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0002-68
    Dout/TTL
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0002-69
    1.25;0.60
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0002-70
    Din/TTL
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0002-71
    0.75;其中,Dout為該第八面之一光線有效徑,Din為該入光面之該光線有效徑,TTL為該入光面至該出光面於該光軸上之一間距。
    The display lens group device described in the scope of patent application 1, wherein the lens group includes a first lens, a second lens, and a third lens, and the second lens is located between the first lens and the third lens Meanwhile, the first lens includes a first light-incident surface, the first light-incident surface is the light-incident surface of the lens group, the third lens includes a third light-emitting surface, the third light-emitting surface is the lens group The light exit surface, the light entrance surface includes an effective path of light, the first wavelength range beam enters the lens group from the first light entrance surface of the first lens, and exits from the third light exit surface of the third lens The lens group, the lens group and the splitting and combining light beam device meet any of the following conditions: 1.10
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0002-68
    D out /TTL
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0002-69
    1.25; 0.60
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0002-70
    D in /TTL
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0002-71
    0.75; where D out is an effective light path of the eighth surface, D in is the effective light path of the light incident surface, and TTL is a distance from the light incident surface to the light output surface on the optical axis.
  3. 如申請專利範圍第1項或第2項所述之顯示器鏡組裝置,其中該第一透鏡、該第二透鏡以及該第三透鏡滿足以下條件:0.28
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0002-72
    Din/f123
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0002-73
    0.35;其中,Din為該入光面之該光線有效徑,f123為該第一透鏡、該第二透鏡以及該第三透鏡之一組合有效焦距。
    The display lens assembly device described in item 1 or item 2 of the scope of patent application, wherein the first lens, the second lens and the third lens meet the following conditions: 0.28
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0002-72
    D in /f 123
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0002-73
    0.35; where D in is the effective path of the light on the light incident surface, and f 123 is the combined effective focal length of one of the first lens, the second lens, and the third lens.
  4. 如申請專利範圍第1項或第2項所述之顯示器鏡組裝置,其中該第一透鏡、該第二透鏡以及該第三透鏡滿足以下條件:0.50
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0002-75
    Dout/f123
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0002-76
    0.57;其中,Dout為該第八面之一光線有效徑,f123為該第一透鏡、該第二透鏡以及該第三透鏡之一組合有效焦距。
    The display lens assembly device described in item 1 or item 2 of the scope of patent application, wherein the first lens, the second lens and the third lens meet the following conditions: 0.50
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0002-75
    D out /f 123
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0002-76
    0.57; where D out is an effective path of light from the eighth surface, and f 123 is a combined effective focal length of the first lens, the second lens, and the third lens.
  5. 如申請專利範圍第1項或第2項所述之顯示器鏡組裝置,其中該出光面和該光軸相交於一第二交點,該入光面之該光線有效徑的一最外緣與該第二交點連成一第一虛擬邊,該第一虛擬邊與該光軸形成一第一夾角,該入光面和該光軸相交於一第一交點,該出光面之該光線有效徑的一最外緣與該第一交點連成一第二虛擬邊,該第二虛擬邊與該光軸形成一第二夾角;其中,該第一夾角滿足條件15度
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0003-77
    第一夾角
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0003-78
    17度,或者該第二夾角滿足條件28度
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0003-79
    第二夾角
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0003-80
    31度。
    The display lens assembly device described in item 1 or item 2 of the scope of patent application, wherein the light-emitting surface and the optical axis intersect at a second intersection point, and an outermost edge of the effective path of the light of the light-incident surface and the The second point of intersection is connected to form a first virtual edge, the first virtual edge and the optical axis form a first angle, the light incident surface and the optical axis intersect at a first point of intersection, and an effective path of the light from the light exit surface is The outermost edge and the first intersection point are connected to form a second virtual side, and the second virtual side forms a second included angle with the optical axis; wherein, the first included angle satisfies the condition of 15 degrees
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0003-77
    First angle
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0003-78
    17 degrees, or the second included angle satisfies the condition of 28 degrees
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0003-79
    Second angle
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0003-80
    31 degrees.
  6. 如申請專利範圍第1項或第2項所述之顯示器鏡組裝置,其中該分合光稜鏡裝置,更包括:一屋脊型稜鏡,該屋脊型稜鏡包括一第九面、一第十面以及一屋脊面,該第九面面向該第二面;其中當一第三波長範圍光束由該第一面入射該第一稜鏡後,該第三波長範圍光束將被該第二面全反射至該光學多層膜,該光學多層膜讓該第三波長範圍光束通過,使該第三波長範圍光束由該第五面入射該第二稜鏡,再由該第七面射出該第二稜鏡;其中當該第一波長範圍光束由該第二面射出該第一稜鏡,再由該第九面入射該屋脊型稜鏡。 For example, the display mirror assembly device described in item 1 or item 2 of the scope of patent application, wherein the splitting and combining light beam device further includes: a roof-shaped beam, the roof-shaped beam includes a ninth side and a first Ten faces and a roof face, the ninth face faces the second face; wherein when a third wavelength range beam enters the first ridge from the first face, the third wavelength range beam will be reflected by the second face Total reflection to the optical multilayer film, the optical multilayer film allows the third wavelength range light beam to pass through, causes the third wavelength range light beam to enter the second beam from the fifth surface, and then emits the second beam from the seventh surface Ridge; wherein when the first wavelength range beam is emitted from the second surface of the first ridge, and then enter the roof ridge type from the ninth side.
  7. 如申請專利範圍第5項所述之顯示器鏡組裝置,其中該顯示器鏡組裝置滿足以下條件:2.10度/mm
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0003-81
    A1/TTL
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0003-82
    2.30度/mm; 其中,A1為該第一夾角,TTL為該入光面至該出光面沿著該光軸之一間距。
    The display lens assembly device described in item 5 of the scope of patent application, wherein the display lens assembly device satisfies the following conditions: 2.10 degrees/mm
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0003-81
    A 1 /TTL
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0003-82
    2.30 degrees/mm; where A 1 is the first included angle, and TTL is a distance from the light incident surface to the light exit surface along the optical axis.
  8. 如申請專利範圍第5項所述之顯示器鏡組裝置,其中該顯示器鏡組裝置滿足以下條件:3.95度/mm
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0004-83
    A2/TTL
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0004-84
    4.40度/mm;其中,A2為該第二夾角,TTL為該入光面至該出光面沿著該光軸之一間距。
    The display lens assembly device described in item 5 of the scope of patent application, wherein the display lens assembly device satisfies the following conditions: 3.95 degrees/mm
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0004-83
    A 2 /TTL
    Figure 108115536-A0101-13-0004-84
    4.40 degrees/mm; where A 2 is the second included angle, and TTL is a distance from the light incident surface to the light exit surface along the optical axis.
  9. 如申請專利範圍第6項所述之顯示器鏡組裝置,其中該光學多層膜反射部份的該第一波長範圍光束與該第二波長範圍光束,且該光學多層膜讓該第三波長範圍光束通過,其中該第一波長範圍光束與該第二波長範圍光束皆為可見光,而該第三波長範圍光束則為紅外光。 According to the display lens assembly device described in item 6 of the scope of patent application, wherein the first wavelength range light beam and the second wavelength range light beam of the reflection portion of the optical multilayer film, and the optical multilayer film allows the third wavelength range light beam Through, the first wavelength range light beam and the second wavelength range light beam are both visible light, and the third wavelength range light beam is infrared light.
  10. 一種測距儀,包括:一光發射器;一物鏡;一如申請專利範圍第7項所述之顯示器鏡組裝置;一目鏡;以及一光接收器;其中該第二波長範圍光束係由一被測物發出,該第三波長範圍光束係由該光發射器發出再經該被測物反射,該第二波長範圍光束與該第三波長範圍光束一起通過該物鏡而入射該分合光稜鏡裝置,該分合光菱鏡裝置將該第二波長範圍光束以及該第三波長範圍光束導引至不同方向,使該第二波長範圍光束入射該目鏡,使該第三波長範圍光束入射該光接收器; 其中該第一波長範圍光束入射該分合光稜鏡裝置,使該第一波長範圍光束與該第二波長範圍光束一起入射該目鏡。 A rangefinder, comprising: a light emitter; an objective lens; a display lens assembly device as described in item 7 of the scope of patent application; an eyepiece; and a light receiver; wherein the second wavelength range beam is formed by a The measured object emits, the third wavelength range beam is emitted by the light emitter and then reflected by the measured object, the second wavelength range beam passes through the objective lens together with the third wavelength range beam and enters the splitting and combining optical edge A mirror device that guides the second wavelength range light beam and the third wavelength range light beam to different directions, so that the second wavelength range light beam enters the eyepiece, and the third wavelength range light beam enters the Optical receiver The light beam in the first wavelength range is incident on the splitting and combining light beam device, so that the light beam in the first wavelength range and the light beam in the second wavelength range are incident on the eyepiece together.
TW108115536A 2019-05-06 2019-05-06 Range finder and lens assembly for display thereof TWI693440B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI745938B (en) 2020-04-21 2021-11-11 大陸商信泰光學(深圳)有限公司 Optical device and prism module thereof

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TWI499799B (en) * 2013-08-22 2015-09-11 Sintai Optical Shenzhen Co Ltd Range finder and prism assembly thereof
CN105806308A (en) * 2014-12-29 2016-07-27 信泰光学(深圳)有限公司 Binocular telescopic range finder
CN106444003A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-22 甘晟华 Telescope range finder
WO2019060858A1 (en) * 2017-09-22 2019-03-28 Intellisense Systems, Inc. Long range infrared imager systems and methods

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TWI745938B (en) 2020-04-21 2021-11-11 大陸商信泰光學(深圳)有限公司 Optical device and prism module thereof

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