TW201923312A - Sensing bicycles - Google Patents

Sensing bicycles

Info

Publication number
TW201923312A
TW201923312A TW107138348A TW107138348A TW201923312A TW 201923312 A TW201923312 A TW 201923312A TW 107138348 A TW107138348 A TW 107138348A TW 107138348 A TW107138348 A TW 107138348A TW 201923312 A TW201923312 A TW 201923312A
Authority
TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
module
sensing system
bicycle
configured
sensor
Prior art date
Application number
TW107138348A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
艾蜜利 布魯克
Original Assignee
英商斯密德西有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB1717823.7A priority Critical patent/GB2569279A/en
Priority to ??1717823.7 priority
Application filed by 英商斯密德西有限公司 filed Critical 英商斯密德西有限公司
Publication of TW201923312A publication Critical patent/TW201923312A/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62JCYCLE SADDLES OR SEATS; ACCESSORIES PECULIAR TO CYCLES AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. ARTICLE CARRIERS, CYCLE PROTECTORS
    • B62J99/00Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62JCYCLE SADDLES OR SEATS; ACCESSORIES PECULIAR TO CYCLES AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. ARTICLE CARRIERS, CYCLE PROTECTORS
    • B62J27/00Safety equipment, e.g. crash bars
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N15/00Investigating characteristics of particles; Investigating permeability, pore-volume, or surface-area of porous materials
    • G01N15/06Investigating concentration of particle suspensions
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N35/00Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N35/00Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor
    • G01N35/00584Control arrangements for automatic analysers
    • G01N35/00722Communications; Identification
    • G01N35/00871Communications between instruments or with remote terminals
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62HCYCLE STANDS; SUPPORTS OR HOLDERS FOR PARKING OR STORING CYCLES; APPLIANCES PREVENTING OR INDICATING UNAUTHORIZED USE OR THEFT OF CYCLES; LOCKS INTEGRAL WITH CYCLES; DEVICES FOR LEARNING TO RIDE CYCLES
    • B62H3/00Separate supports or holders for parking or storing cycles
    • B62H2003/005Supports or holders associated with means for bike rental
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62JCYCLE SADDLES OR SEATS; ACCESSORIES PECULIAR TO CYCLES AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. ARTICLE CARRIERS, CYCLE PROTECTORS
    • B62J99/00Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • B62J2099/0013Cycle computers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62JCYCLE SADDLES OR SEATS; ACCESSORIES PECULIAR TO CYCLES AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. ARTICLE CARRIERS, CYCLE PROTECTORS
    • B62J99/00Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • B62J2099/002Sensors specially adapted for cycles ; Mounting arrangements thereof
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N15/00Investigating characteristics of particles; Investigating permeability, pore-volume, or surface-area of porous materials
    • G01N2015/0042Investigating dispersion of solids
    • G01N2015/0046Investigating dispersion of solids in gas, e.g. smoke
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N35/00Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor
    • G01N35/00584Control arrangements for automatic analysers
    • G01N35/00722Communications; Identification
    • G01N35/00871Communications between instruments or with remote terminals
    • G01N2035/00881Communications between instruments or with remote terminals network configurations
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N35/00Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor
    • G01N35/00584Control arrangements for automatic analysers
    • G01N35/00722Communications; Identification
    • G01N2035/00891Displaying information to the operator
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01PMEASURING LINEAR OR ANGULAR SPEED, ACCELERATION, DECELERATION, OR SHOCK; INDICATING PRESENCE, ABSENCE, OR DIRECTION, OF MOVEMENT
    • G01P15/00Measuring acceleration; Measuring deceleration; Measuring shock, i.e. sudden change of acceleration

Abstract

A bicycle having a sensing system, the sensing system comprising: a processor; a wireless data transmission module; a position sensing module; and a power supply; wherein the sensing system is configured to connect to a Or a plurality of sensor modules, and the power supply is configured to supply power to the processor, the wireless data transfer module, and the position sensing module.

Description

Bicycle sensing technology

FIELD OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to bicycles having sensing devices and methods of monitoring environmental parameters using such bicycles.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In recent years, in the case of a rapid increase in pollution levels in major cities around the world, it has become more necessary than ever to monitor environmental conditions. Traditionally, this monitoring has been accomplished using a number of stationary environment sensors that can be spread throughout the city in question. However, obtaining a satisfactory coverage using a stationary environment sensor would require a large number of sensors located throughout. This is of course impractical and can be very expensive. Therefore, there is a need to provide large-scale monitoring of environmental parameters without the need for an alternative to a large number of stationary sensors.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is directed to solving this problem in the provision of a movable sensor located on a bicycle. Broadly speaking, the present invention provides a bicycle having a sensing platform that has position sensing, wireless data transfer capabilities, and one or more sensing modules can be added thereto. More specifically, a first aspect of the present invention provides a bicycle having a sensing system, the sensing system comprising:
a processor
a wireless data transmission module;
a position sensing module; and a power supply;
among them:
The sensing system is configured to connect to one or more sensor modules, and the power supply is configured to supply power to the processor, the wireless data transfer module, and the position sensing module.

The bicycle according to the first aspect of the present invention can thus be connected to any type of compatible sensor module, which can then sense, detect or measure a certain type of compatible sensor module. Parameters, preferred environmental parameters. This material can then be associated with the location using a position sensing module. It should be noted that the sensing system does not include the sensor module itself. This configuration means that the user of the bicycle is not limited to a particular sensor module. This may have advantages in a bicycle sharing scheme where the provider of the solution (e.g., a city council) can then replace the sensor modules on the bicycles available in this scheme to monitor the geographic distribution or density of particular parameters. In a preferred embodiment, the position sensing module is a geographic location module such as a GPS module. Alternatively, the geographic location module may rely on alternative technologies such as GLONASS, but GPS is preferred.

Here, when it is stated that the sensing system is configured to "connect" to one or more sensor modules, this may mean that the sensing system includes one or more connectors, such as a mechanical connector or port. It is also preferred that the power supply is configured to supply power to any of the sensor modules connected to the sensing system. To achieve this, the connector preferably includes an electrical contact for connecting the sensor module to the power supply. In other embodiments, the connection between the sensing system and a given sensor module can be a wireless connection, such as a Bluetooth connection.

In some embodiments of the invention, the sensing system can be configured to connect to a plurality of sensor modules to allow monitoring of many different parameters. In such embodiments, the power supply is preferably configured to supply power to each of the plurality of sensor modules coupled to the sensing system.

The power supply can include a generator that is coupled to the wheels or pedals of the bicycle. In some embodiments, the generator can be directly coupled to the processor, the wireless data transfer module, the position sensing module, and any sensor module coupled to the sensing system. However, in a preferred embodiment, the power supply additionally includes an energy storage coupled to the generator, the energy storage being coupled to the processor, the wireless data transfer module, the position sensing module, and to the sensing system Any sensor module. The energy storage can be in the form of a rechargeable battery or capacitor (or supercapacitor). In some embodiments, the bicycle can also include a charging connector configured to connect an electrical device, such as a mobile phone, tablet, or laptop, to a power supply. This facility will allow the user of the bicycle to charge the electrical device while cycling.

As the name implies, the wireless data transfer module is configured to transfer data indefinitely in some way. In a preferred embodiment, the wireless data transfer module can be configured to transmit data via a Bluetooth connection. In other embodiments, the wireless data transfer module can be configured to transmit data via a Wi-Fi network or a cellular network (eg, GSM).

Various additional features of the sensing system in accordance with the first aspect of the present invention are illustratively described by considering the operation of the bicycle. When the user rides, for example, around the city (where the sensor module is attached to the sensing system), the sensor module can continuously collect data or collect data at regular (preferably fixed) time intervals. Additionally, the position sensing module is preferably configured to record the position of the sensing system while the sensor module collects its data to correlate readings from the sensor module with a particular location. This allows mapping the geographic distribution or density of the parameters. The data can then be transmitted from the sensor module to the processor. In a preferred embodiment, the sensing system also includes a data bus to transmit data from the sensor module to the processor. The data is then processed by the processor. The processor can be coupled to a storage unit in which processed data can be stored. The processed data can then be transmitted to the external device by the wireless data transfer module. For example, the data can be transferred to the user's mobile phone, tablet or laptop. Alternatively, the data can be transferred to a server or cloud storage system or database, or another equivalent network connected storage area or device. In other embodiments, the bicycle can be parked (eg, in a bicycle sharing scheme) and the data can be transmitted to a hub at the docking station. In embodiments where the wireless data transfer module does not continuously transmit data, such as in embodiments where data is only transmitted via Wi-Fi or Bluetooth at the docking station, the configuration with the storage unit has a particular value. All processed data stored on the storage unit can then be transferred simultaneously as appropriate.

The processed data can then be transmitted to the external device by the wireless data transfer module. For example, the data can be transferred to the user's mobile phone, tablet or laptop. Alternatively, the data can be transferred to a server or cloud storage system or database, or another equivalent network connected storage area or device. In other embodiments, the bicycle can be parked (eg, in a bicycle sharing scheme) and the data can be transmitted to a hub at the docking station.

The data bus mentioned above can effectively provide a channel for connecting one or more sensor modules, position sensing modules, processors and wireless data transfer modules. Specifically, these components may not be connected in series, but each component is connected to a single main channel, and the main channel is a data bus. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the data busbar can be executed from the front side of the bicycle to the rear side of the bicycle. This means that the various components mentioned throughout this application can be spread across the length of the bicycle.

A second aspect of the present invention provides a bicycle according to a first aspect of the present invention, further comprising one or more sensor modules coupled to the sensing system.

A sensor module connectable to the sensing system is preferably configured to sense, detect or measure environmental parameters. Such environmental parameters may include: air quality, temperature, ambient light level. The sensor module can also include an accelerometer. The data from the accelerometer can then be used to sense, detect or measure environmental parameters, such as road conditions. Accelerometers can also be used to detect impact. The sensor modules can also be assembled to detect other properties or parameters, such as the sanitary condition of the generator, the overall sanitary condition of the bicycle (ie, the condition). The sensor modules can also be used to sense, measure or detect various characteristics of the rechargeable battery, such as predicting battery life, time required to replace the battery, and condition of the battery.

A third aspect of the invention relates to a sensing system for attachment to a bicycle, the sensing system comprising:
a processor
a wireless data transmission module;
a position sensing module; and means for connecting to a power supply;
Means for attaching to a bicycle;
among them:
The sensing system is configured to connect to one or more sensor modules, and the power supply is configured to supply power to the processor, the wireless data transfer module, and the position sensing module.

As will be apparent, the third aspect of the invention is directed to the sensing system of the first aspect of the invention, independent of its attachment to the bicycle, but which is adapted for attachment via The component is attached to the bicycle. The means for attachment may include some kind of clip or other fastener. Selected features of the third aspect of the invention are set forth below. It should be noted that many of these features are repeated from the first aspect of the invention.

The sensing system according to the third aspect of the present invention can thus be connected to any type of compatible sensor module, which can then be sensed, detected or measured. Measure a parameter, better environmental parameters. This material can then be associated with the location using a position sensing module. It should be noted that the sensing system does not include the sensor module itself. This configuration means that the user of the bicycle to which the sensing system is attached is not limited to a particular sensor module. This may have advantages in a bicycle sharing scheme where the provider of the solution (e.g., a city council) can then replace the sensor modules on the bicycles available in this scheme to monitor the geographic distribution or density of particular parameters. In a preferred embodiment, the position sensing module is a GPS module.

Here, when it is stated that the sensing system is configured to "connect" to one or more sensor modules, this may mean that the sensing system includes one or more connectors, such as a mechanical connector or port. It is also preferred that the power supply is configured to supply power to any of the sensor modules connected to the sensing system. To achieve this, the connector preferably includes an electrical contact for connecting the sensor module to the power supply. In other embodiments, the connection between the sensing system and a given sensor module can be a wireless connection, such as a Bluetooth connection.

In some embodiments of the invention, the sensing system can be configured to connect to a plurality of sensor modules to allow monitoring of many different parameters. In such embodiments, the power supply is preferably configured to supply power to each of the plurality of sensor modules coupled to the sensing system.

The power supply can include a generator for connecting to a bicycle wheel or pedal. In some embodiments, the means for connecting to the power supply can include any sense configured to connect the generator directly to the processor, the wireless data transfer module, the position sensing module, and to the sensing system Electrical connector for the module. However, in other embodiments, the sensing system can additionally include an energy storage device coupled to the processor, the wireless data transfer module, the position sensing module, and any sensor module coupled to the sensing system. The energy storage can then be connected to a power supply (ie, a generator) via a component for connection to a power supply. In other embodiments, the power supply may include a generator and an energy storage, and the components for connecting to the power supply are provided to the energy storage device and the processor, the wireless data transfer module, the position sensing module, and the connection. Connection to any sensor module of the sensing system.

The energy storage can be in the form of a rechargeable battery or capacitor (or supercapacitor). In some embodiments, the sensing system can also include a charging connector configured to connect an electrical device, such as a mobile phone, tablet, or laptop, to a power supply. This facility will allow the user of the bicycle to charge the electrical device while riding the bicycle using a sensing system attached to the bicycle.

As the name implies, the wireless data transfer module is configured to transfer data indefinitely in some way. In a preferred embodiment, the wireless data transfer module can be configured to transmit data via a Bluetooth connection. In other embodiments, the wireless data transfer module can be configured to transmit data via a Wi-Fi network or a cellular network (eg, GSM).

Various additional features of the bicycle in accordance with the first aspect of the present invention are illustratively described by considering the operation of the bicycle. When the user rides, for example, around the city (where the sensor module is attached to the sensing system), the sensor module can continuously collect data or collect data at regular (preferably fixed) time intervals. Additionally, the position sensing module is preferably configured to record the position of the sensing system while the sensor module collects its data to correlate readings from the sensor module with a particular location. This allows mapping the geographic distribution or density of the parameters. The data can then be transmitted from the sensor module to the processor. In a preferred embodiment, the sensing system also includes a data bus to transmit data from the sensor module to the processor. The data is then processed by the processor. The processor can be coupled to a storage unit in which processed data can be stored. The processed data can then be transmitted to the external device by the wireless data transfer module. For example, the data can be transferred to the user's mobile phone, tablet or laptop. Alternatively, the data can be transferred to a server or cloud storage system or database, or another equivalent network connected storage area or device. In other embodiments, the bicycle can be parked (eg, in a bicycle sharing scheme) and the data can be transmitted to a hub at the docking station. In embodiments where the wireless data transfer module does not continuously transmit data, such as in embodiments where data is only transmitted via Wi-Fi or Bluetooth at the docking station, the configuration with the storage unit has a particular value. All processed data stored on the storage unit can then be transferred simultaneously as appropriate.

The data bus mentioned above can effectively provide a channel for connecting one or more sensor modules, position sensing modules, processors and wireless data transfer modules. Specifically, these components may not be connected in series, but each component is connected to a single main channel, and the main channel is a data bus. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the data busbar can be configured to be executed from the front side of the bicycle to the rear side of the bicycle. This means that the various components mentioned throughout this application can be spread across the length of the bicycle.

In other configurations, the processor, wireless data transfer module, position sensing module, and any sensor connected to the sensing system can be configured to attach to a bicycle that already includes a data bus.

A fourth aspect of the present invention provides a sensing system in accordance with a third aspect of the present invention, further comprising one or more sensor modules coupled to the sensing system.

A sensor module connectable to the sensing system is preferably configured to sense, detect or measure environmental parameters. Such environmental parameters may include: air quality, temperature, ambient light level. The sensor module can also include an accelerometer. The data from the accelerometer can then be used to sense, detect or measure environmental parameters, such as road conditions. Accelerometers can also be used to detect impact. The sensor modules can also be assembled to detect other properties or parameters, such as the sanitary condition of the generator, the overall sanitary condition of the bicycle (ie, the condition). The sensor modules can also be used to sense, measure or detect various characteristics of the rechargeable battery, such as predicting battery life, time required to replace the battery, and condition of the battery.

The fifth aspect of the invention relating to the first four aspects is more directed to the use of bicycles for measuring environmental parameters throughout large areas, such as city size or town size. Accordingly, a fifth aspect of the present invention provides a bicycle assembly, each of which includes:
An environmental sensor;
a position sensing module; and a wireless data transfer module configured to transmit data collected by the environmental sensor to an external hub or server.

It should be understood that the fifth aspect of the present invention is presented in a similar manner to the first four aspects, however, as mentioned, it pays less attention to the hardware and operation of the sensing device, and thus pays more attention to the amount of data. Test and use. In particular, the environmental sensor is preferably configured to sense, measure or detect environmental parameters.

The environmental sensors are preferably configured to collect data continuously or at regular (preferably fixed) time intervals. In order to map data over a large area, the position sensing module is preferably configured to detect the position of the bicycle while the environmental sensor is reading the environmental parameters in question. As mentioned above, the position sensing module is preferably a GPS module. In a preferred embodiment, each bicycle also includes a storage unit configured to store data collected by the environmental sensor and/or associated data collected by the position sensing module. The wireless data transfer module is configured to transfer data collected by the environmental sensor directly from the environmental sensor/position sensing module or from the storage unit to an external hub or server. As noted above, the wireless data transfer module can be configured to transmit data via a Bluetooth connection, via a Wi-Fi network, or via a cellular (eg, GSM) network.

In the case of compatibility, the optional features set forth in the first, second, third and fourth aspects of the invention may also be applied to the fifth aspect of the invention.

With a larger configuration, a sixth aspect of the present invention provides a system for monitoring environmental parameters throughout a large area, the system comprising:
A bicycle set according to a fifth aspect of the present invention; and one or more hubs or servers each configured to receive data from the wireless data transfer modules of the set of bicycles.

As I have already discussed, this configuration is particularly suitable for the city's bicycle sharing program. In these scenarios, there are many docking stations located at various points around the city. Thus, in a preferred embodiment of the sixth aspect of the invention, each of the hub or server is located at the bicycle docking station and is configured to park one of the bicycle sets at the docking station Receive data from the bicycle collection. The system can further include a central hub or server configured to receive data from all of the hubs or servers located at the docking station to obtain collective data representing large urban scale areas.

The bicycle set can include any of the optional features presented elsewhere in the present invention. It is not necessarily limited to the optional features explicitly set forth in the fifth aspect of the invention.

The seventh aspect of the present invention is similar to the sixth aspect, but provides a method of monitoring environmental parameters throughout a large area, the method comprising:
Information about an environmental parameter from a bicycle set of a fifth aspect of the invention is received at a hub or server.

Again, the optional features presented elsewhere in this application are equally well suited for use in the seventh aspect of the invention, where compatible.

Other optional features of the invention are set forth below.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Figure 1 shows a system diagram of a sensing system 100 of the present invention.

The processor 102 is at the center of the system that is connected to all of the remaining components of the sensing system 100.

In order to operate, the processor requires power input from the power supply 104. As previously indicated in this application, the power supply 104 can have both an input component and a storage component. In the example shown in Figure 1, the input can be a generator or a charge. The charge from the input can be stored, for example, in the form of a supercapacitor, a battery, a battery, or a regular capacitor. The dashed arrows on the right side of the power supply 104 indicate that power is delivered to and from the power supply 104 to the module external to the sensing system 100. The lower arrow indicates the input of power from an external source such as a charging station. The upper arrow labeled "External Charge Connector" indicates that the power stored in the power supply 104 flows to external components such as mobile phones and tablets so that it can be inserted into the sensing system 100 for charging. A block arrow between the processor 102 and the power supply 104 represents the transfer of data between the processor 102 and the power supply 104.

The processor 102 is also coupled to the position sensing module 106, which may be a GPS or GLONASS system. As shown by the box arrows, the position sensing module 106 is configured to communicate data indicative of the location of the sensing system 100 to the processor 102. Position sensing module 106 receives power input from processor 102 in the embodiment shown in FIG. In other embodiments, however, position sensing module 106 can receive power input directly from power supply 104.

While the location sensing module 106 provides location information to the processor 102, other types of information may be received from a plurality of other sensor modules 108, 110, 112. The sensor modules 108, 110, 112 may include air quality sensors, road quality sensors, temperature sensors, or accelerometers.

The processor 102 receives inputs from the sensor modules 108, 110, 112 via the sensor system bus 114 in the embodiment shown in FIG. However, in other embodiments, the processor 102 can receive data input from the sensor directly from the sensor module itself. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the sensor system bus bar 114 is implemented along the length of the bicycle including the sensing system 100.

The sensor module 108 is a wireless sensor module that wirelessly transmits the sensing data to the sensor system bus bar 114. The sensor modules 110, 112 are connected to the sensor system busbars 114 via power and data connectors 116, 118 using a wired connection.

Power is provided from the processor 102 to the sensor modules 110, 112 via the sensor system bus 114 and the power and data connectors 116, 118 in a manner similar to the position sensing module 106. In other embodiments, power may be received directly from power supply 104. On the other hand, the sensor module 108 is wireless and therefore must have its own power supply (not shown).

The processor 102 receives inputs from the sensor modules 108, 110, 112 and the position sensing module 106 regarding various environmental parameters and locations of the sensing system 100, respectively. The processor 102 is then configured to associate the environmental parameter measurements with the locations at which they were taken.

The data can then be sent to the wireless data transfer module 120, for example via Wi-Fi, Bluetooth or cellular network (GSM). From the wireless data transfer module 120, the data can be transferred to an external storage or component, such as a mobile phone/tablet 122, or to an external hub or cloud storage service 124. Data may also be transferred from the external storage or component to the processor 102 via the wireless data transfer module 120.

Again, the wireless data transfer module 120 receives the power supply 104 via the processor 102, but in other embodiments, the power can be received directly from the power supply 104.

Although the invention has been described in connection with the exemplary embodiments described above, many modifications and variations of the present invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art. The exemplified embodiments of the invention described above are therefore considered as illustrative and not restrictive. Various changes to the described embodiments can be made without departing from the scope of the invention.

All references cited above are hereby incorporated by reference.

100‧‧‧Sensing system

102‧‧‧Processor

104‧‧‧Power supply

106‧‧‧ Position Sensing Module

108, 110, 112‧‧‧ sensor modules

114‧‧‧Sensor system bus

116, 118‧‧‧Power and data connectors

120‧‧‧Wireless Data Transfer Module

122‧‧‧Mobile Phone/Tablet

124‧‧‧External hub or cloud storage service

Figure 1 shows a system diagram of a sensing system in accordance with the present invention.

Claims (40)

  1. A bicycle having a sensing system, the sensing system comprising: a processor a wireless data transmission module; a position sensing module; a power supply; among them: The sensing system is configured to connect to one or more sensor modules, and The power supply is configured to supply power to the processor, the wireless data transfer module, and the position sensing module.
  2. The bicycle of claim 1, wherein the position sensing module is a GPS module.
  3. The bicycle of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the sensing system includes one or more connectors for connecting to the one or more sensor modules.
  4. The bicycle of claim 3, wherein the one or more connectors each comprise an electrical contact for connecting a sensor module to the power supply.
  5. The bicycle of any of claims 1 to 4, wherein the sensing system is configured to connect to a plurality of sensor modules.
  6. A bicycle according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the power supply comprises a generator.
  7. The bicycle of claim 6, wherein the generator is directly coupled to the processor, the wireless data transfer module, the position sensing module, and any sensor module coupled to the sensing system.
  8. The bicycle of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the power supply further comprises: a connection to the processor, the wireless data transfer module, the position sensing module, and any sense connected to the sensing system An energy storage device of the detector module.
  9. The bicycle of claim 8, wherein the energy storage is in the form of a rechargeable battery, capacitor or supercapacitor.
  10. The bicycle of any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the wireless data transfer module is configured to transmit data via a Bluetooth connection, via a Wi-Fi network, or via a cellular network.
  11. The bicycle of any of claims 1 to 10, further comprising one or more sensor modules coupled to the sensing system.
  12. The bicycle of claim 11, wherein the one or more sensor modules are each configured to sense, detect, or measure a respective environmental parameter.
  13. The bicycle of claim 12, wherein the environmental parameters include air quality.
  14. The bicycle of claim 12 or claim 13, wherein the environmental parameters include road quality.
  15. The bicycle of any one of claims 12 to 14, wherein the environmental parameters include temperature.
  16. The bicycle of any of claims 11 to 15, wherein the one or more sensor modules comprise an accelerometer.
  17. The bicycle of any one of claims 11 to 16, wherein the one or more sensor modules are each configured to collect data continuously or at regular time intervals.
  18. A sensing system for attaching to a bicycle, the sensing system comprising: a processor a wireless data transmission module; a position sensing module; a member for connecting to a power supply; Means for attaching to a bicycle; among them: The sensing system is configured to connect to one or more sensor modules, and The power supply is configured to supply power to the processor, the wireless data transfer module, and the position sensing module.
  19. The sensing system of claim 18, wherein the means for attaching to a bicycle comprises a clip or fastener.
  20. The sensing system of claim 18 or claim 19, wherein the location sensing module is a geographic location module.
  21. The sensing system of claim 20, wherein the geographic location module is a GPS module.
  22. The sensing system of any one of claims 18 to 21, wherein the sensing system includes one or more connectors for connecting to the one or more sensor modules.
  23. The sensing system of claim 22, wherein the one or more connectors each comprise an electrical contact for connecting a sensor module to the power supply.
  24. The sensing system of any one of claims 18 to 23, wherein the sensing system is configured to connect to a plurality of sensor modules.
  25. The sensing system of any one of claims 18 to 24, wherein the means for connecting to a power supply comprises an electrical connector configured to connect a generator directly to the processor.
  26. The sensing system of claim 25, wherein the generator is directly coupled to the processor, the wireless data transfer module, the position sensing module, and any sensor module coupled to the sensing system.
  27. The sensing system of any one of claims 18 to 26, further comprising: a processor coupled to the processor, the wireless data transfer module, the position sensing module, and any sensor coupled to the sensing system An energy storage device for the module.
  28. The sensing system of any one of claims 18 to 26, wherein the power supply further comprises: a connection to the processor, the wireless data transfer module, the position sensing module, and any connection to the sensing system An energy storage device of the sensor module.
  29. The sensing system of claim 27 or claim 28, wherein the energy storage is in the form of a rechargeable battery, capacitor or supercapacitor.
  30. The sensing system of any one of claims 18 to 29, wherein the wireless data transfer module is configured to transmit data via a Bluetooth connection, via a Wi-Fi network, or via a cellular network.
  31. The sensing system of any one of claims 18 to 30, further comprising one or more sensor modules coupled thereto.
  32. The sensing system of claim 31, wherein the one or more sensor modules are each configured to sense, detect, or measure a respective environmental parameter.
  33. The sensing system of claim 32, wherein the environmental parameters include air quality.
  34. A sensing system of claim 32 or claim 33, wherein the environmental parameters include road quality.
  35. The sensing system of any of claims 32 to 24, wherein the environmental parameters comprise temperature.
  36. The sensing system of any one of claims 31 to 35, wherein the one or more sensor modules comprise an accelerometer.
  37. The transmitting system of any one of claims 18 to 36, wherein the one or more sensor modules are each configured to collect data continuously or at regular time intervals.
  38. A collection of bicycles, each of which includes: An environmental sensor; a position sensing module; A wireless data transfer module configured to transmit data collected by the environmental sensor to an external hub or server.
  39. A system for monitoring an environmental parameter throughout a large area, the system comprising: a bicycle set as claimed in item 38; One or more hubs or servers, each configured to receive data from the wireless data transfer modules of the set of bicycles.
  40. A method of monitoring an environmental parameter over a large area, the method comprising: Information about an environmental parameter from a bicycle set as in claim 38 is received at a hub or server.
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KR101048267B1 (en) * 2009-01-21 2011-07-08 성균관대학교산학협력단 Bicycle Navigation with Air Pollution Measurement Sensors and How to Store Air Pollution Measurement Information Using the Bicycle Navigation
US20160144915A1 (en) * 2013-06-17 2016-05-26 Northeastern University Interactive cyclist monitoring and accident prevention system
US9194955B1 (en) * 2014-01-16 2015-11-24 WI-MM Corporation Cloud based activity monitor for bicycles with fleet management and rider analytics system
US9586644B2 (en) * 2014-04-08 2017-03-07 Seyed Amin Ghorashi Sarvestani Bicycle activity monitoring and recording device with air pollution sensors
CN104156533A (en) * 2014-08-18 2014-11-19 河海大学常州校区 Portable air sampling device and method with public bike leasing net
EP3048025A1 (en) * 2015-01-20 2016-07-27 Harman Becker Automotive Systems GmbH Driver information system for two-wheelers
TWM507370U (en) * 2015-02-16 2015-08-21 dao-zheng Xu Intelligent assisting system of bicycle
CN105882528B (en) * 2016-04-25 2019-02-12 北京小米移动软件有限公司 Road conditions sharing method, device and the balance car of balance car
CN106394747A (en) * 2016-11-08 2017-02-15 任有恒 Intelligent wireless bicycle tail lamp
CN108238155A (en) * 2016-12-27 2018-07-03 天津鑫喆通科技有限公司 A kind of safing safe instrument

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