TW201336755A - Environment protection trash can - Google Patents

Environment protection trash can Download PDF

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Publication number
TW201336755A
TW201336755A TW101108799A TW101108799A TW201336755A TW 201336755 A TW201336755 A TW 201336755A TW 101108799 A TW101108799 A TW 101108799A TW 101108799 A TW101108799 A TW 101108799A TW 201336755 A TW201336755 A TW 201336755A
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Taiwan
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door
garbage
box
conveyor belt
metal
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TW101108799A
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Chinese (zh)
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TWI435835B (en
Inventor
xi-zhao Chen
wen-jie Lv
Xuan-Yi Qiu
Guan-Zhen Chen
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Univ Nat Yunlin Sci & Tech
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Priority to TW101108799A priority Critical patent/TWI435835B/en
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Publication of TWI435835B publication Critical patent/TWI435835B/en

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Abstract

The present invention is a kind of environment protection trash can, which comprises a box including a first, second, and third collecting bucket; the box has an input port, anda flip movable door above the input port; a transportation apparatus receives the garbage from the input port and then transports the garbage to the third collecting bucket; a door sensor detects whether the door is open or closed; a metal sensor detects whether the garbage is metal or not; a plastic sensor detects whether the garbage is plastic or not; the first gate can be switched to an open position to lead the garbage on the conveyer belt to the first collecting bucket; the second gate can be switched to an open position to lead the garbage on the conveyer belt to the second collecting bucket; a controller controls the metal sensor and the plastic sensor to sense when the door sensor detects that the door is opened and closed once. When the detected result is "metal", it drives the first gate to the open position and then powers the conveyer belt. When the detected result is 'plastic' but not 'metal', it drives the second gate to the open position and then powers the conveyer belt. When the detected result is neither 'metal' nor 'plastic', it powers the conveyer belt. As a result, the above structure has the automatic classifying effect.

Description

環保垃圾桶Environmental trash can
本發明係關於一種垃圾桶結構方面之技術領域,尤指一種可自動進行分類而較具環保功效之環保垃圾桶者。The invention relates to a technical field of the structure of a garbage can, in particular to an environmentally-friendly garbage can which can be automatically classified and more environmentally friendly.
一般習知的垃圾桶通常會在桶體的前側面設有三個投入口可供分別投入金屬、塑膠或一般垃圾,而在桶體表面上對應每個投入口的位置處係分別設有識別標誌供人們識別出那個投入口需投入那種類的垃圾,然後於該垃圾桶中再分別設有三個集收桶供分別收集由該三個投入口投入的垃圾。因此,其之垃圾分類係需靠人們自行分類後再分別投入相對應的投入口中。然而,目前卻常發現有一些沒公德心的人為圖個人方便,而未將垃圾分類即隨便丟入任一投入口中,如此便使得垃圾分類的作用大幅降低。尤其是,一般盲眼的殘障者根本無法看到垃圾桶上的識別標誌,因此欲要求盲眼的殘障者在沒有人幫忙的情形下依識別標誌來作垃圾分類乃係非常不現實的事。Generally, the conventional trash can usually has three input ports on the front side of the barrel for respectively inputting metal, plastic or general garbage, and the identification marks are respectively arranged on the surface of the barrel corresponding to each input port. It is used for people to identify the type of garbage that needs to be put into the input port, and then three collection bins are respectively arranged in the trash can for separately collecting the garbage input by the three input ports. Therefore, the garbage classification system needs to be classified by people and then put into corresponding input ports. However, at present, it is often found that some people who have no public morality are personally convenient, and the garbage is not randomly classified into any input port, so that the role of garbage classification is greatly reduced. In particular, people with blind eyes generally cannot see the identification mark on the trash can. Therefore, it is very unrealistic for a person with a disability who wants to be blind to use the identification mark to classify the garbage without any help.
有鑒於此,本發明人乃針對上述之諸多問題,而深入構思,且積極研究改良試做而開發設計出本發明。In view of the above, the inventors have intensively conceived the above-mentioned problems, and actively researched and improved the trial and development to design the present invention.
本發明之主要目的係在於提供一種可自動進行分類而較具環保功效之環保垃圾桶者。The main object of the present invention is to provide an environmentally-friendly garbage can that can be automatically classified and more environmentally friendly.
本發明所述之環保垃圾桶包括一箱體、一傳送裝置、一門板偵測器、一金屬偵測器、一塑膠偵測器、一第一匣門、一第二匣門及一控制器。其中,該箱體之內部的下方並排設有一第一集收桶、一第二集收桶及一第三集收桶。該箱體的前側面對應第一集收桶的上方處具有一投入口,該投入口上設有可翻蓋之一活動門板。該傳送裝置設在該箱體中,且包含一輸送帶位在該三個集收桶的上方。該輸送帶可供承接由該投入口投入的垃圾並將其輸送至落入該第三集收桶中。該門板偵測器設在該箱體中,可供偵測該活動門板的開、關。該金屬偵測器設在該箱體中,可供偵測由該投入口投入的垃圾是否為金屬。該塑膠偵測器設在該箱體中,可供偵測由該投入口投入的垃圾是否為塑膠。該第一匣門設在該箱體中,可供擺動到一關閉位置使輸送帶上的垃圾無法落入第一集收桶中,及可擺動到一打開位置以供將該輸送帶上的垃圾導引落入該第一集收桶中。該第二匣門設在該箱體中,可供擺動到一關閉位置使輸送帶上的垃圾無法落入第二集收桶中,及可擺動到一打開位置以供將該輸送帶上的垃圾導引落入該第二集收桶中。該控制器設在該箱體中,且可在接收到該門板偵測器偵測到該活動門板開、關一次的訊號後,控制該金屬偵測器及該塑膠偵測器對由該投入口投入的垃圾進行偵測;當偵測結果為「金屬」時該控制器驅動該第一匣門擺動到該打開位置並驅動該輸送帶;當偵測結果為「非金屬」但為「塑膠」時該控制器驅動該第二匣門擺動到該打開位置並驅動該輸送帶;當偵測結果為「非金屬」及「非塑膠」時則該控制器直接驅動該輸送帶。The environmental protection trash can of the present invention comprises a box body, a conveying device, a door panel detector, a metal detector, a plastic detector, a first door, a second door and a controller. . Wherein, a first collecting barrel, a second collecting barrel and a third collecting barrel are arranged side by side below the inside of the box. The front side of the box has an input port corresponding to the upper portion of the first collecting barrel, and the input port is provided with a movable door panel which can be flipped. The conveying device is disposed in the box and includes a conveyor belt positioned above the three collecting barrels. The conveyor belt is configured to receive the waste input from the input port and transport it to fall into the third collection bin. The door panel detector is disposed in the box to detect the opening and closing of the movable door panel. The metal detector is disposed in the box to detect whether the garbage input by the input port is metal. The plastic detector is disposed in the box to detect whether the garbage input by the input port is plastic. The first door is disposed in the box, and is swingable to a closed position so that the garbage on the conveyor belt cannot fall into the first collecting bucket and can be swung to an open position for the conveyor belt The garbage guide falls into the first collection bin. The second door is disposed in the box for swinging to a closed position so that the garbage on the conveyor belt cannot fall into the second collecting bucket and can be swung to an open position for the conveyor belt The garbage guide falls into the second collection bin. The controller is disposed in the box, and after receiving the signal that the door panel detector detects that the movable door panel is opened and closed, the metal detector and the plastic detector pair are controlled by the input. The garbage is detected by the mouth; when the detection result is "metal", the controller drives the first door to swing to the open position and drives the conveyor belt; when the detection result is "non-metal" but "plastic" The controller drives the second door to swing to the open position and drives the conveyor belt; when the detection result is "non-metal" and "non-plastic", the controller directly drives the conveyor belt.
如此,該控制器便可藉由該金屬偵測器及塑膠偵測器的偵測結果來判斷由該投入口投入的垃圾為金屬、塑膠或一般垃圾,然後利用驅動該第一匣門或該第二匣門的打開或關閉來將該輸送帶上的垃圾導引到相對應的集收桶中,因此係可有效達到垃圾分類的作用。In this way, the controller can determine whether the garbage input by the input port is metal, plastic or general garbage by using the detection result of the metal detector and the plastic detector, and then driving the first door or the The second door is opened or closed to guide the garbage on the conveyor belt to the corresponding collection bin, so that the garbage classification can be effectively achieved.
在本發明中,該環保垃圾桶更包括一識別燈具、一感光偵測器、一充電電池及至少一太陽能板。其中,該識別燈具係設在該箱體外。該感光偵測器可供偵測外部之光線以控制該識別燈具在外部光線暗時發出亮光、在外部光線亮時熄滅。該充電電池設在該箱體中可提供該識別燈具電力。該太陽能板設在該箱體的頂面可供將太陽能轉換成電力並儲存在該充電電池中。如此,藉由該識別燈具便可在晚上時方便供人們容易找到該環保垃圾桶。In the present invention, the environmental protection trash can further includes an identification lamp, a photodetector, a rechargeable battery and at least one solar panel. Wherein, the identification lamp is disposed outside the box. The photodetector is configured to detect external light to control the identification lamp to emit light when the external light is dark, and to extinguish when the external light is bright. The rechargeable battery is disposed in the cabinet to provide the identification lamp power. The solar panel is disposed on a top surface of the cabinet for converting solar energy into electricity and stored in the rechargeable battery. In this way, the identification lamp can be conveniently used for people to easily find the environmental trash can at night.
請參閱第一~七圖所示,係顯示本發明所述之環保垃圾桶包括一箱體10、一傳送裝置20、一門板偵測器30、一金屬偵測器31、一塑膠偵測器32、一第一匣門40、一第二匣門41、一控制器50、一識別燈具60、一感光偵測器61、一充電電池70及三個太陽能板71,其中:該箱體10的內部係區隔出三個並排之收納空間11及位在該三個收納空間11上方前側之一移動空間12。該三個收納空間11的下方供分別容納一第一集收桶13、一第二集收桶14及一第三集收桶15。該移動空間12的後側與該三個收納空間11的上方係以一隔板16分隔,該隔板16上具一第一排出孔160及一第二排出孔161分別貫通到該第一個及該第二個收納空間11。該箱體10的前側面對應該第一集收桶13的上方處具有一投入口17,該投入口17上設有可向內翻蓋之一活動門板18。另外,該每一個收納空間11係具有朝前之一開口,於該開口上係設有可翻蓋之門19,於該每一個門19上係具有一門把。Referring to the first to seventh figures, the environmental protection trash can according to the present invention includes a box 10, a conveyor 20, a door detector 30, a metal detector 31, and a plastic detector. 32. A first door 40, a second door 41, a controller 50, an identification lamp 60, a photodetector 61, a rechargeable battery 70 and three solar panels 71, wherein: the casing 10 The inner tether is separated by three side-by-side storage spaces 11 and one of the front side mobile spaces 12 above the three storage spaces 11. The three storage spaces 11 are respectively provided with a first collection bucket 13 , a second collection bucket 14 and a third collection bucket 15 . The rear side of the moving space 12 and the upper part of the three storage spaces 11 are separated by a partition 16 having a first discharge hole 160 and a second discharge hole 161 respectively extending to the first And the second storage space 11. The front side of the casing 10 has an input port 17 corresponding to the upper portion of the first collecting bucket 13, and the input port 17 is provided with a movable door panel 18 which can be turned inwardly. In addition, each of the storage spaces 11 has an opening facing the front, and the door is provided with a flapable door 19, and each of the doors 19 has a door handle.
該傳送裝置20係設在該箱體10之移動空間12中,其包含有兩帶輪21、一帶輪驅動器22及一輸送帶23。該右側之帶輪21係可轉動地設在該第一集收桶13的上方且靠近該箱體10的右側壁,該左側之帶輪21係可轉動地設在該第三集收桶15的上方且與該箱體10的左側壁間具有一適當距離。該帶輪驅動器22係可驅動該左側之帶輪21轉動。該輸送帶23係繞設在該兩帶輪21上可供被其帶動,且並可供承接由該投入口17投入的垃圾並將其輸送至落入該第三集收桶15中。The conveying device 20 is disposed in the moving space 12 of the casing 10 and includes two pulleys 21, a pulley driver 22 and a conveyor belt 23. The pulley 21 on the right side is rotatably disposed above the first collecting bucket 13 and adjacent to the right side wall of the casing 10. The left pulley 21 is rotatably disposed in the third collecting bucket 15 There is an appropriate distance between the upper side and the left side wall of the casing 10. The pulley drive 22 is configured to drive the left pulley 21 to rotate. The conveyor belt 23 is wound around the two pulleys 21 for being driven therewith, and is configured to receive the garbage input from the input port 17 and transport it to fall into the third collection bucket 15.
該門板偵測器30係設在該箱體10中,可供偵測該活動門板18的開、關。The door panel detector 30 is disposed in the casing 10 for detecting the opening and closing of the movable door panel 18.
該金屬偵測器31係設在該箱體10的移動空間12中,可供偵測由該投入口17投入的垃圾是否為金屬。The metal detector 31 is disposed in the moving space 12 of the casing 10, and is configured to detect whether the garbage input by the input port 17 is metal.
該塑膠偵測器32係設在該箱體10的移動空間12中,可供偵測由該投入口17投入的垃圾是否為塑膠。該塑膠偵測器32係可利用大小尺寸或形狀等方式來判斷出該垃圾是否為塑膠。The plastic detector 32 is disposed in the moving space 12 of the casing 10 to detect whether the garbage input by the input port 17 is plastic. The plastic detector 32 can determine whether the garbage is plastic by using a size or a shape.
該第一匣門40係樞設在該箱體10內的隔板16上,可被一第一匣門驅動器42驅動而擺動到一關閉位置及一打開位置。當該第一匣門40位在該關閉位置時,係封閉該第一排出孔160使該輸送帶23上的垃圾無法落入該第一集收桶13中;當該第一匣門40位在該打開位置時,係打開該第一排出孔160並擺動該輸送帶23上方呈一傾斜角度,使可供將該輸送帶23上的垃圾導引入該第一排出孔160而落入下方之第一集收桶13中。The first door 40 is pivotally mounted on the partition 16 in the casing 10 and is drivable by a first door drive 42 to swing to a closed position and an open position. When the first door 40 is in the closed position, the first discharge hole 160 is closed so that the garbage on the conveyor belt 23 cannot fall into the first collection bucket 13; when the first door is 40 In the open position, the first discharge hole 160 is opened and the upper side of the conveyor belt 23 is inclined at an oblique angle so that the garbage guide on the conveyor belt 23 can be introduced into the first discharge hole 160 and fall below. The first collection is in the bucket 13.
該第二匣門41係樞設在該箱體10內的隔板16上,可被一第二匣門驅動器43驅動而擺動到一關閉位置及一打開位置。當該第二匣門41位在該關閉位置時,係封閉該第二排出孔161使該輸送帶23上的垃圾無法落入該第二集收桶14中;當該第二匣門41位在該打開位置時,係打開該第二排出孔161並擺動該輸送帶23上方呈一傾斜角度,使可供將該輸送帶23上的垃圾導引入該第二排出孔161而落入下方之第二集收桶14中。The second door 41 is pivotally disposed on the partition 16 in the casing 10 and is drivable by a second door drive 43 to swing to a closed position and an open position. When the second door 41 is in the closed position, the second discharge hole 161 is closed so that the garbage on the conveyor belt 23 cannot fall into the second collection bucket 14; when the second door 41 is located In the open position, the second discharge hole 161 is opened and the upper side of the conveyor belt 23 is inclined at an oblique angle so that the garbage guide on the conveyor belt 23 can be introduced into the second discharge hole 161 and fall below. The second collection is in the bucket 14.
該控制器50係與該帶輪驅動器22、該第一匣門驅動器42、該第二匣門驅動器43、該門板偵測器30、該金屬偵測器31及該塑膠偵測器32電性連接,使可供接收該門板偵測器30、該金屬偵測器31及該塑膠偵測器32的偵測訊號,並依據該訊號來控制該帶輪驅動器22、該第一匣門驅動器42及該第二匣門驅動器43作出適當動作。該控制器50並具有一電源線可51延伸到該箱體10外供與外部之電源連接。The controller 50 is electrically connected to the pulley driver 22, the first door driver 42, the second door driver 43, the door detector 30, the metal detector 31 and the plastic detector 32. Connecting, the detection signal of the door detector 30, the metal detector 31 and the plastic detector 32 is received, and the pulley driver 22 and the first door driver 42 are controlled according to the signal. And the second cardiac driver 43 performs an appropriate action. The controller 50 has a power cord 51 extending beyond the cabinet 10 for connection to an external power source.
該識別燈具60係為LED燈具且設在該箱體10的外側面,並與該控制器50電性連接。The identification lamp 60 is an LED lamp and is disposed on an outer side of the casing 10 and electrically connected to the controller 50.
該感光偵測器61係與該控制器50電性連接,且可供偵測箱體10外部之光線,以供控制該識別燈具60在外部光線暗時(如晚上)發出亮光及在外部光線亮(如白天)時熄滅。The photodetector 61 is electrically connected to the controller 50, and is configured to detect light outside the box 10 for controlling the identification lamp 60 to emit light and external light when the external light is dark (such as at night). It is off when it is bright (such as during the day).
該充電電池70係設在該箱體10中且與該控制器50及該識別燈具60電性連接,可用於提供該控制器50及該識別燈具60電力。The rechargeable battery 70 is disposed in the casing 10 and electrically connected to the controller 50 and the identification lamp 60, and can be used to provide power to the controller 50 and the identification lamp 60.
該三個太陽能板71係設在該箱體10的頂面且與該控制器50電性連接,可供將太陽能轉換成電力並儲存在該充電電池70中。The three solar panels 71 are disposed on the top surface of the casing 10 and electrically connected to the controller 50 for converting solar energy into electric power and storing in the rechargeable battery 70.
請配合參閱第二、五、七圖所示,當該活動門板18因向內翻開而使垃圾A由該投入口17投入時,該門板偵測器30係將該活動門板18打開的訊號傳送給該控制器50。當該垃圾A落在該輸送帶23上,且該活動門板18自動回復原位而關閉該投入口17時,該門板偵測器30係將該活動門板18關閉的訊號傳送給該控制器50。該控制器50在接收到該門板偵測器30所偵測到之活動門板18開、關一次的訊號後,即控制該金屬偵測器31及該塑膠偵測器32對由該投入口17投入之垃圾A進行偵測。Please refer to the second, fifth, and seventh diagrams. When the movable door panel 18 is turned in by the inward opening, the door panel detector 30 is connected to the movable door panel 18. It is transmitted to the controller 50. When the garbage A falls on the conveyor belt 23, and the movable door panel 18 automatically returns to the original position to close the input port 17, the door panel detector 30 transmits a signal for closing the movable door panel 18 to the controller 50. . After receiving the signal that the movable door panel 18 detected by the door panel detector 30 is turned on and off, the controller 50 controls the metal detector 31 and the plastic detector 32 to be connected to the input port 17 Invested in garbage A for detection.
請參閱第五、八圖所示,係指出當該金屬偵測器31將偵測到由該投入口17投入的金屬罐A1為金屬的訊號傳送給該控制器50時,該控制器50會透過該第一匣門驅動器42控制該第一匣門40擺動到該打開位置,然後再透過該帶輪驅動器22驅動該輸送帶23將該金屬罐A1朝左帶動。如此,該金屬罐A1便會順著該第一匣門40而由該第一排出口160落入下方之第一集收桶13中。Referring to FIG. 5 and FIG. 8 , it is pointed out that when the metal detector 31 detects that the metal can A1 input by the input port 17 is a metal signal, the controller 50 transmits the signal to the controller 50. The first card door 40 is controlled to swing to the open position by the first door drive 42, and then the belt drive 22 is driven by the pulley driver 22 to drive the metal can A1 to the left. Thus, the metal can A1 falls along the first door 40 and falls into the lower first collecting bucket 13 from the first discharge port 160.
請參閱第五、九圖所示,係指出當該金屬偵測器31將偵測到由該投入口17投入的保特瓶A2為非金屬的訊號傳送給該控制器50,而該塑膠偵測器32將偵測到由該投入口17投入的保特瓶A2為塑膠的訊號傳送給該控制器50時,該控制器50會透過該第二匣門驅動器43控制該第二匣門41擺動到該打開位置,然後再透過該帶輪驅動器22驅動該輸送帶23將該保特瓶A2朝左帶動。如此,該保特瓶A2便會順著該第二匣門41而由該第二排出口161落入下方之第二集收桶14中。Referring to the fifth and ninth figures, it is pointed out that when the metal detector 31 detects that the PET bottle A2 input by the input port 17 is a non-metal signal, the controller 50 transmits the signal to the controller 50. When the detector 32 detects that the signal of the plastic bottle A2 input by the input port 17 for the plastic is transmitted to the controller 50, the controller 50 controls the second door 41 through the second door drive 43. The bag is swung to the open position, and then the conveyor belt 23 is driven by the pulley driver 22 to drive the bottle A2 to the left. Thus, the bottle A2 will follow the second door 41 and fall into the second collecting bucket 14 below by the second discharge port 161.
請參閱第五、十圖所示,係指出當該金屬偵測器31將偵測到由該投入口17投入的利樂包A3(即鋁箔包)為非金屬的訊號傳送給該控制器50,而該塑膠偵測器32將偵測到由該投入口17投入的利樂包A3為非塑膠的訊號傳送給該控制器50時,該控制器50會直接透過該帶輪驅動器22驅動該輸送帶23將該利樂包A3朝左帶動至使其落入下方之第三集收桶15中。Referring to FIG. 5 and FIG. 10, it is pointed out that when the metal detector 31 detects that the Tetra Pak A3 (ie, the aluminum foil package) input by the input port 17 is non-metallic, the signal is transmitted to the controller 50. When the plastic detector 32 detects that the Tetra Pak A3 input by the input port 17 is a non-plastic signal and transmits the signal to the controller 50, the controller 50 directly drives the pulley driver 22 to drive the The conveyor belt 23 drives the Tetra Pak A3 to the left to fall into the lower third collecting bucket 15 below.
由於本發明之控制器50可藉由該金屬偵測器31及該塑膠偵測器32的偵測結果來判斷由該投入口17投入的垃圾為金屬、塑膠或一般垃圾,然後利用驅動該第一匣門40或該第二匣門41的打開或關閉來將該輸送帶23上的垃圾導引到相對應的集收桶中,以達到自動分類之目的,因此係可有效達到垃圾分類的作用。另外,利用該識別燈具60係可在晚上時方便供人們能容易找到該環保垃圾桶,而且利用該太陽能板71將太陽能轉換成電力供使用,更是可使其較具環保。The controller 50 of the present invention can determine whether the garbage input by the input port 17 is metal, plastic or general garbage by the detection result of the metal detector 31 and the plastic detector 32, and then use the driving The opening or closing of the door 40 or the second door 41 guides the garbage on the conveyor belt 23 to the corresponding collection bin for automatic classification purposes, thereby effectively achieving garbage classification. effect. In addition, the identification lamp 60 can be conveniently used for people to easily find the environmental protection trash can at night, and the solar panel 71 can be used to convert solar energy into electricity for use, which makes it more environmentally friendly.
綜上所述,由於本發明具有上述優點及實用價值,而且並未曾有見過相同或類似之技術發表或公開於前,故本發明已符合發明專利之新穎性及進步性要件,爰依法提出申請。In summary, since the present invention has the above advantages and practical value, and has not seen the same or similar technology published or disclosed before, the present invention has met the novelty and progressive requirements of the invention patent, and applied according to law. .
10...箱體10. . . Box
11...收納空間11. . . Storage space
12...移動空間12. . . Mobile space
13...第一集收桶13. . . First collection bucket
14...第二集收桶14. . . Second collection bucket
15...第三集收桶15. . . The third set of barrels
16...隔板16. . . Partition
160...第一排出孔160. . . First discharge hole
161...第二排出孔161. . . Second discharge hole
17...投入口17. . . Cast
18...活動門板18. . . Movable door panel
19...門19. . . door
20...傳送裝置20. . . Conveyor
21...帶輪twenty one. . . Pulley
22...帶輪驅動器twenty two. . . Wheel drive
23...輸送帶twenty three. . . conveyor
30...門板偵測器30. . . Door detector
31...金屬偵測器31. . . Metal detector
32...塑膠偵測器32. . . Plastic detector
40...第一匣門40. . . First trick
41...第二匣門41. . . Second trick
42...第一匣門驅動器42. . . First trick drive
43...第二匣門驅動器43. . . Second door drive
60...識別燈具60. . . Identification lamp
61...感光偵測器61. . . Photodetector
70...充電電池70. . . Rechargeable Battery
71...太陽能板71. . . Solar panels
A...垃圾A. . . Rubbish
A1...金屬罐A1. . . Metal can
A2...保特瓶A2. . . Baote bottle
A3...利樂包A3. . . Tetra Pak
第一圖為本發明前側的立體分解示意圖。The first figure is a perspective exploded view of the front side of the present invention.
第二圖為本發明後側的立體分解示意圖。The second figure is a perspective exploded view of the rear side of the present invention.
第三圖為本發明的立體組合示意圖。The third figure is a schematic view of the three-dimensional combination of the present invention.
第四圖為本發明的前側面示意圖。The fourth figure is a schematic view of the front side of the present invention.
第五圖為第四圖的A-A剖面示意圖。The fifth figure is a schematic view of the A-A section of the fourth figure.
第六圖為第四圖的B-B剖面示意圖。The sixth figure is a schematic cross-sectional view of the B-B of the fourth figure.
第七圖為本發明投入垃圾時的動作示意圖。The seventh figure is a schematic diagram of the action of the invention when it is put into garbage.
第八圖為本發明投入金屬罐時的動作示意圖。The eighth figure is a schematic view of the action when the metal can is put into the invention.
第九圖為本發明投入保特瓶時的動作示意圖。The ninth figure is a schematic view of the action when the invention is put into a special bottle.
第十圖為本發明投入利樂包時的動作示意圖。The tenth figure is a schematic view of the action when the invention is used in the Tetra Pak package.
10...箱體10. . . Box
11...收納空間11. . . Storage space
12...移動空間12. . . Mobile space
13...第一集收桶13. . . First collection bucket
14...第二集收桶14. . . Second collection bucket
15...第三集收桶15. . . The third set of barrels
16...隔板16. . . Partition
160...第一排出孔160. . . First discharge hole
161...第二排出孔161. . . Second discharge hole
17...投入口17. . . Cast
18...活動門板18. . . Movable door panel
20...傳送裝置20. . . Conveyor
22...帶輪驅動器twenty two. . . Wheel drive
23...輸送帶twenty three. . . conveyor
31...金屬偵測器31. . . Metal detector
40...第一匣門40. . . First trick
41...第二匣門41. . . Second trick
42...第一匣門驅動器42. . . First trick drive
43...第二匣門驅動器43. . . Second door drive
60...識別燈具60. . . Identification lamp
70...充電電池70. . . Rechargeable Battery
A1...金屬罐A1. . . Metal can

Claims (9)

  1. 一種環保垃圾桶,包括:一箱體,係內部的下方並排設有一第一集收桶、一第二集收桶及一第三集收桶,該箱體的前側面對應該第一集收桶的上方處具一投入口,該投入口上設有可翻蓋之一活動門板;一傳送裝置,設在該箱體中且包含一輸送帶位在該三個集收桶的上方,可供承接由該投入口投入的垃圾並將其輸送至落入該第三集收桶中;一門板偵測器,設在該箱體中可供偵測該活動門板的開、關;一金屬偵測器,設在該箱體中可供偵測由該投入口投入的垃圾是否為金屬;一塑膠偵測器,設在該箱體中可供偵測由該投入口投入的垃圾是否為塑膠;一第一匣門,設在該箱體中,可供擺動到一關閉位置使輸送帶上的垃圾無法落入第一集收桶中,及可擺動到一打開位置供將該輸送帶上的垃圾導引落入該第一集收桶中;一第二匣門,設在該箱體中,可供擺動到一關閉位置使輸送帶上的垃圾無法落入第二集收桶中,及可擺動到一打開位置供將該輸送帶上的垃圾導引落入該第二集收桶中;以及一控制器,設在該箱體中,可在接收到該門板偵測器偵測到該活動門板開、關一次的訊號後,控制該金屬偵測器及該塑膠偵測器對由該投入口投入的垃圾進行偵測;當偵測結果為「金屬」時該控制器驅動該第一匣門擺動到該打開位置並驅動該輸送帶;當偵測結果為「非金屬」但為「塑膠」時該控制器驅動該第二匣門擺動到該打開位置並驅動該輸送帶;當偵測結果為「非金屬」及「非塑膠」時則該控制器直接驅動該輸送帶。An environmental protection trash can comprises: a box body, a first collecting barrel, a second collecting barrel and a third collecting barrel arranged side by side below the inner part, the front side of the box corresponding to the first collection The upper part of the barrel has an input port, and the input port is provided with a movable door panel which can be flipped; a conveying device is disposed in the box body and includes a conveyor belt positioned above the three collecting barrels for receiving The garbage input from the input port is sent to the third collection bin; a door detector is disposed in the box for detecting the opening and closing of the movable door panel; a metal detection The device is disposed in the box for detecting whether the garbage input by the input port is metal; a plastic detector is disposed in the box for detecting whether the garbage input by the input port is plastic; a first door, disposed in the box, for swinging to a closed position so that the garbage on the conveyor belt cannot fall into the first collecting bucket, and can be swung to an open position for the conveyor belt The garbage guide falls into the first collection bucket; a second trick is provided in the cabinet for swinging a closed position so that the garbage on the conveyor belt cannot fall into the second collecting bucket, and can be swung to an open position for guiding the garbage on the conveyor belt into the second collecting bucket; and a controller Provided in the box, after receiving the signal that the door panel detector detects that the movable door panel is opened and closed, the metal detector and the plastic detector are controlled to be input by the input port. The garbage is detected; when the detection result is "metal", the controller drives the first door to swing to the open position and drives the conveyor belt; when the detection result is "non-metal" but "plastic" The controller drives the second door to swing to the open position and drives the conveyor belt; when the detection result is "non-metal" and "non-plastic", the controller directly drives the conveyor belt.
  2. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之環保垃圾桶,其中該箱體的內部區隔出三個收納空間及位在該三個收納空間上方前側之一移動空間,該三個收納空間的下方供分別容納該第一、二、三集收桶,該移動空間的後側與該三個收納空間的上方以一隔板分隔,該移動空間供容納該傳送裝置,該隔板上具一第一排出孔及一第二排出孔分別貫通到該第一個及該第二個收納空間,該第一匣門於關閉位置時係封住該第一排出孔,於打開位置時係打開該第一排出孔且擺到該輸送帶上方呈一傾斜角度,該第二匣門於關閉位置時係封住該第二排出孔,於打開位置時係打開該第二排出孔且擺到該輸送帶上方呈一傾斜角度。The environmental protection garbage can of the first aspect of the invention, wherein the inner compartment of the casing is separated by three storage spaces and one of the movement spaces located on the front side above the three storage spaces, and the three storage spaces are provided below The first, second and third sets of receiving buckets are respectively accommodated, and the rear side of the moving space is separated from the three receiving spaces by a partition, the moving space is for accommodating the conveying device, and the partitioning plate has a first The first discharge port and the second discharge hole respectively penetrate the first and the second storage space, the first door closes the first discharge hole when the first door is closed, and opens the first time when the first door is in the open position Discharging the hole and swinging to an angle above the conveyor belt, the second door sealing the second discharge hole when in the closed position, opening the second discharge hole and swinging above the conveyor belt in the open position At an oblique angle.
  3. 如申請專利範圍第2項所述之環保垃圾桶,其中該傳送裝置包含兩帶輪及一帶輪驅動器,該兩帶輪之一者係可轉動地設在該第一集收桶的上方,另一者係可轉動地設在該第三集收桶的上方,該輸送帶繞設在該兩帶輪上,該帶輪驅動器可驅動該帶輪轉動。The environmentally-friendly garbage can of claim 2, wherein the conveying device comprises two pulleys and a pulley driver, one of the two pulleys being rotatably disposed above the first collection bucket, and One is rotatably disposed above the third collecting bucket, and the conveyor belt is wound around the two pulleys, and the pulley driver can drive the pulley to rotate.
  4. 如申請專利範圍第3項所述之環保垃圾桶,其中該第一匣門可由一第一匣門驅動器驅動,該第二匣門可由一第二匣門驅動器驅動。The environmentally-friendly trash can according to claim 3, wherein the first door is driven by a first door drive, and the second door is driven by a second door drive.
  5. 如申請專利範圍第4項所述之環保垃圾桶,其中該控制器係該帶輪驅動器、該第一匣門驅動器、該第二匣門驅動器、該門板偵測器、該金屬偵測器及該塑膠偵測器電性連接,且該控制器具有一電源線可延伸到該箱體外供與外部之電源連接。The environmentally-friendly garbage can of claim 4, wherein the controller is the pulley drive, the first door drive, the second door drive, the door detector, the metal detector, and The plastic detector is electrically connected, and the controller has a power cord extending to the outside of the box for connection to an external power source.
  6. 如申請專利範圍第5項所述之環保垃圾桶,其中該每一個收納空間係具有朝前之一開口,於該開口上係設有可翻蓋之門。The environmentally-friendly trash can according to claim 5, wherein each of the storage spaces has an opening facing the front, and the door is provided with a flapable door.
  7. 如申請專利範圍第6項所述之環保垃圾桶,其中該每一個門上係具有一門把。For example, the environmental protection trash can according to item 6 of the patent application, wherein each door has a handle.
  8. 如申請專利範圍第1至5項之中任一項所述之環保垃圾桶,更包括有一識別燈具、一感光偵測器、一充電電池及至少一太陽能板,其中該識別燈具係設在該箱體外,該感光偵測器可供偵測外部之光線以控制該識別燈具在外部光線暗時發出亮光、在外部光線亮時熄滅,該充電電池係設在該箱體中可提供該識別燈具電力,該太陽能板設在該箱體的頂面可供將太陽能轉換成電力並儲存在該充電電池中。The environmentally-friendly trash can according to any one of claims 1 to 5, further comprising an identification lamp, a photodetector, a rechargeable battery and at least one solar panel, wherein the identification lamp is disposed in the Outside the box, the photodetector is configured to detect external light to control the identification light to emit light when the external light is dark, and to extinguish when the external light is bright, and the rechargeable battery is disposed in the box to provide the identification light. Electricity, the solar panel is disposed on a top surface of the cabinet for converting solar energy into electricity and stored in the rechargeable battery.
  9. 如申請專利範圍第8項所述之環保垃圾桶,其中該識別燈具、該感光偵測器、該充電電池及該太陽能板與該控制器連接,且該充電電池可提供該控制器電力。The environmentally-friendly trash can according to claim 8, wherein the identification lamp, the photodetector, the rechargeable battery and the solar panel are connected to the controller, and the rechargeable battery can provide the controller power.
TW101108799A 2012-03-15 2012-03-15 Physical trash can TWI435835B (en)

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CN106005812A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-10-12 泰州市蓝海环保科技有限公司 Automatic comprehensive classification dustbin
CN106005809A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-10-12 泰州市蓝海环保科技有限公司 Intelligent comprehensive classification dustbin
CN105947470B (en) * 2016-07-18 2018-01-30 泰州市蓝海环保科技有限公司 Intelligent comprehensive is classified garbage box monitored
CN106005813B (en) * 2016-07-18 2018-01-30 泰州市蓝海环保科技有限公司 Automatic classification dustbin
CN105947470A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-09-21 泰州市蓝海环保科技有限公司 Intelligent comprehensive classification dustbin
CN106005809B (en) * 2016-07-18 2018-01-30 泰州市蓝海环保科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent comprehensive is classified garbage box monitored
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