TW201139810A - Dual-use staircase, assembly for dual-use staircase, and method of converting traditional staircase into dual-use staircase - Google Patents

Dual-use staircase, assembly for dual-use staircase, and method of converting traditional staircase into dual-use staircase Download PDF

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Publication number
TW201139810A
TW201139810A TW100108669A TW100108669A TW201139810A TW 201139810 A TW201139810 A TW 201139810A TW 100108669 A TW100108669 A TW 100108669A TW 100108669 A TW100108669 A TW 100108669A TW 201139810 A TW201139810 A TW 201139810A
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Taiwan
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original
staircase
height
depth
vertical
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TW100108669A
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Chinese (zh)
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Shi-Tron Lin
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Shi-Tron Lin
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Publication of TW201139810A publication Critical patent/TW201139810A/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F11/00Stairways, ramps, or like structures; Balustrades; Handrails
    • E04F11/02Stairways; Layouts thereof
    • E04F11/0201Space-saving stairways, e.g. having half steps

Abstract

A method of converting a traditional staircase with a plurality of original treads into a dual-use staircase, for reducing the stepping height and knee stress in stairs climbing and descending in a sub-region of the staircase, comprises the steps of: providing a plurality of raised treads and a plurality of extended treads; connecting the plurality of raised and extended treads in pairs to the original treads respectively; and connecting a plurality of dividers in between said raised and extended treads respectively.

Description

201139810 VI. Description of the Invention: [Technical Field] The present invention relates to a method for converting a conventional staircase into a dual-purpose staircase, and more particularly to a method for reducing the knees of a human body when going up and down stairs. The method of making a stress staircase. [Prior Art] Referring to Fig. 1, a conventional conventional staircase 1 is composed of a plurality of steps 10, wherein each step 10 has a tread l〇a and a façade 10b. When people walk on the stairs 1, they usually have to bend their legs to step on the steps 10 step by step. Here, regardless of whether people are walking up or down the stairs 1, their knees are subject to some degree of stress caused by the weight of the body. In more detail, the greater the degree to which the legs are bent when the stairs are up and down, the more severe the stress on the knees will be. As mentioned above, when the knees of the legs are constantly subjected to the high stress of 1st up and down stairs, the pain or discomfort of the knees is likely to occur, and this is the case for the elderly or the knees (such as knee joint degeneration). It will be more obvious. Conventional conventional stair steps have a first-order height, a first-order depth, and a first-order width. According to the general human foot structure and ergonomics, the building technical rules will set the range of the height, depth and width of the general floor; for example, according to the floor area of the upper and lower floors, the height is 20 cm or less. The step depth is 21 cm (or 24 cm) or more, and the step width is 75 cm (or 120 cm) or more. According to this specification, the slope of the stairs should be 43.6 degrees (or 39.8 degrees). If the slope of the stairs is slightly larger than the space, and the general step height is maintained, the step 201139810 = then, the treads of the adjacent two steps will overlap up and down (that is, the front edge of the upper step and the trailing edge of the lower step will go up and down Overlap); at this time, the façade of each step can form (downward) the inner slant, or the front edge (step nose) of each tread can be formed beyond the vertical façade to form the outer nose end (Nosing). If the stairs are steeper and the slanting lu is larger, the upper and lower steps of the two steps are increased. As a result, when the upper floor is up, the toes must be retracted one step at a time to step on another step. . Similarly, when you step down the stairs (usually facing outwards and facing away from the stairs), the heel or the back of the calf is also stuck to the leading edge of a step that should be crossed to create a safety problem. Therefore, another conventional staggered staircase is created to solve this problem. U.S. Patent Nos. 858,199 and 4,125,175? The Tigers describe the left and right halves of each step in turn, in order to facilitate the steeper steps when the left and right casters flow as described above. It will not judge the leading edge of a step that should be crossed and form a staggered staircase. U.S. Patent Nos. 4,5,9,617 and 4,981,195 are each described as a staircase with a central dividing sloping plate, and the steps of each step only alternately rotate the left and right halves: tread (ie another The tread of the half is retracted to completely disappear, and the staggered staircase is formed. It can be used for the steeper and steeper stairs, and its shortcomings are the stairs. ^ ^When you want to turn around, the feet need to be raised across the central separation sloping plate to easily judge or slip. If you go to (4), the inner corner of each (left/right) half tread is also a safety problem. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The conventional staggered stairway is a complicated mode of operation due to the up and down stairs or the middle of the turn, and the σ structure is more complicated than the traditional stairway, and generally the convenience and safety are not 201139810 == very narrow 'can be used for narrowing Or steeply steep = space where stairs are not suitable. Whether it is a traditional staircase or a customary intersection = stairs are not described or suggested a simple stair structure or square == Ting cum has: stair space to provide all the family, including the knee can be taken care of - ^ ^ down the stairs, Achieving knee-padded and convenient ladders and staggered stairs. = 7 improved traditional traditional staircases to be converted into dual-purpose staircases. Use any existing height of the two feet to lift and lower: and time-lapse (10) α Μ Μ Φΐ The length of ^. Therefore, it can be used for two purposes. Those who are more gentle and filial, or those with weaker knees can work, and work up and down the stairs to relieve the stress on the knees, and s ==] to get up and down the stairs with their habits and pace. It is necessary to use the method described below and the detailed description of the method for the conventional supply method to have one of a plurality of original steps == line double-type staircase; to reduce the left and right feet when going up and down the stairs, the method includes: Measure or acquire (measure) the order and depth of the original correction; and increase the first neighbor =::= of each of the original steps by about half a step height to form a first adjustment Tread; and one of the rigorous steps of the second part of the step to expand outwards about half":: a second adjustment tread; the second adjustment tread is adjacent =:, so that the left and right feet are along the same - And when the second step is adjusted to the lower step on the tread surface, the height of each step is reduced by about half, and the span of the left and right feet 201139810 is also reduced and smoothed to form a stair structure with a part of the intersection. The step height of the step is reduced by the manner in which the first part of the tread is raised by about half-likely to raise the floor. For example, bracket or two: height adjustment (four) to support and fix a pedal, plus a front = Will: The second part of the tread is extended outwards and extends about half a depth. This can be raised in general. The method is made up of the general, the stairway and the depth of the stairs are not--caused, and more f-customized work is required, and the method, structure and structure suitable for mass production and quick installation are The preferred embodiment is described in detail as follows: ", the value of the month" - the example provides a method for producing a plurality of original steps, converting the ladder into a dual-purpose staircase, including: measuring or = each : the original step - the first vertical rise height and - the first water two? ' = ice, providing a plurality of elevated steps and a plurality of extended steps; respectively connecting the plurality of elevated steps In the original steps, the basin has a - second vertical rise height and - a second material stroke depth and a second brother - the vertical rise height is less than the first vertical rise height, and the second level is deep The money is roughly equal to (4) the first-horizontal stroke depth; and the plurality of extension steps are respectively connected to the original steps, and the second and second extension steps have a third vertical rise height and a third water stroke , the third vertical rise height is equal to the first vertical Rising degree (ie, the error is within +/_5%, or one of the top steps of the extended step is aligned with the tread of the original step p0b such as έ海), and the third horizontal stroke depth 201139810 is smaller than the first The horizontal stroke depth and the second horizontal stroke depth, and the elevation steps and the extension steps are connected in pairs in a pairwise manner, respectively. According to the above embodiment, the method for manufacturing the dual-purpose staircase further comprises: connecting a plurality of dividers respectively to the original steps, wherein the dividers are respectively adjacent to the paired parallel steps And between the extended steps. According to the above embodiment, each of the spacers may be formed with a circular arc-shaped span or an inclined span. According to the above embodiment, the method for manufacturing the dual-purpose staircase further comprises: disposing a plurality of first connecting plates respectively above the original step and the extending step, and respectively connecting the first connecting plates The extension steps are above and below one of the adjacent ones. According to the above embodiment, the manufacturing method of the dual-purpose staircase further comprises: arranging a plurality of second connecting plates on one of the original steps, wherein each second connecting plate is connected to the adjacent The two rise between the steps. According to the above embodiment, each of the elevated steps may include an extension fixing portion and a first supporting body, the extension fixing portion being fixed to one of the corresponding original steps, and the first supporting main system is The movement of the adjustable position is connected to the extension fixing portion. According to the above embodiment, the extension fixing portion has a projection, the first support main body has a recess, and the projection is sleeved in the recess in a moving manner. According to the above embodiment, the manufacturing method of the dual-purpose staircase further comprises: 201139810 arranging at least one first stacked laminate between at least the original step and the first supporting body for adjusting the rising step The second vertical ascending height 0. According to the above embodiment, the dual-purpose staircase further comprises: placing a first cushion on each of the elevated steps. According to the above embodiment, each of the stepping steps may include a first supporting body and a twist adjuster, and the height adjuster is disposed between each of the original guard steps and the first-substrate main body. To adjust the second vertical rise height of each - step. According to the above embodiment, each of the extending steps may include a second supporting body and a depth adjuster 'and the depth adjuster is disposed between each of the original steps: the step and the second supporting body - extending the second horizontal stroke depth of the step. According to the above embodiment, the method for manufacturing the dual-purpose staircase further comprises: disposing at least a second stack of four-layer plates above or below the second support body for adjusting the third vertical of the extended step Rise height. According to the above embodiment, the manufacturing method of the dual-purpose staircase further includes a second cushion placed on each of the extending steps. According to the above embodiment, each of the first connecting plates further includes a second card engaging pin, the first engaging pin and the second engaging pin: extending toward the extension, the first step of each extending step The second supporting body has two holes 2=the first engaging hole and the plurality of second engaging holes. When the first card is between the two extending steps, the first card: pin== is engaged with the material - a snap-fit 1 and a "two-pin snap-in fine t 201139810. The positional manner is engaged with one of the second engaging holes. According to the above embodiment, the at least one extended step further includes a depth adjuster, and the depth adjustment The device is disposed between a corresponding original step and the second support body for adjusting the third horizontal stroke depth of the extended step. / According to the above embodiment, the method for manufacturing the dual-purpose staircase further comprises : arranging at least a second material layer between each of the first connecting plates and the second supporting body for adjusting the third vertical rising height of each of the extending steps. Between the above embodiments, The manufacturing method of the dual-purpose staircase further comprises at least a third stacked layer plate disposed on the first- Between the board and the original step p - according to the above embodiment, each of the first connecting plates may include a plurality of: engaging pins, and the third engaging pins may be respectively engaged with one of the adjacent pins Steps and ones are connected to the extended steps. Λ Another method of the present invention provides a method for converting a conventional staircase having a plurality of original vertices into a double-type staircase. In addition to each - the original step - part, in each of the original steps = W number of steps are respectively connected to the original (4) /, the middle, the parent-up step is corresponding to and adjacent to One of the concave parts, and the rise of the 卞, the beginning of the step of the 敎-stepping the surface. The step (4) (four) in (5): According to the above embodiment 'the dual-purpose staircase production = a separate separator Connected to the original steps 2:

The barriers are respectively adjacent to one side of the elevated steps. The special Z 201139810, according to the above embodiment, each of the dividers may be formed with a circular arc span or a slanted span. According to the above embodiment, the method for manufacturing the dual-purpose staircase further comprises: arranging a plurality of second connecting plates on the original steps and the ancient steps. According to the above embodiment, the method for manufacturing the dual-purpose staircase further comprises: placing a plurality of fourth connecting plates (four) on the treading surfaces of the elevated steps and the concave portions of the original steps These are on the tread surface. The above described objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the description of the appended claims. [Embodiment] A preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. [First Embodiment] Fig. 2 is a perspective view showing a double-purpose staircase 1 得到 obtained by a method for manufacturing a dual-purpose staircase according to a first embodiment of the present invention. A traditional staircase 11 with one of the N original steps U1 is available. Here, each of the original steps m has an original tread me and a original tread ma having a width of a first step width W1; as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, each of the original steps ill has a first Vertical rising height Hh_first horizontal stroke depth D1 and -th order #lllk. In addition, the horizontal distance between the noses of the two steps is usually called the horizontal stroke (_, the horizontal distance from the step of the step to the back end of the tread of the step is called the step depth ( Depth); and as shown in Figure 3, the "integral" slope formed by the "the first-order nose" is called the slope of the traditional staircase 11 & 〇. 201139810 Usually, the above horizontal stroke And the step depth is equal or the difference is not more than 1%, and the first horizontal stroke depth may be defined as the step depth; if the difference exceeds 1%, the first horizontal stroke depth m may be defined as the horizontal stroke and One of the average values of the step depth. The following describes the process of converting the conventional stair raft into a double-purpose staircase using the dual-purpose staircase of the present embodiment. First, as shown in Figure 2 According to the figure, the ground in front of the original step 111c and the first to the first (one of the original treads nic (hereinafter referred to as the first part) are lifted up by a first lifting height H5, respectively. Forming a width of the first partial step width WS1 (2); (10) a class (four) ... = first! ^ points) each extending outwardly to extend a first extension depth D5 to form a second adjustment tread 135 having a width of the second partial step width WS2; the second adjustment treads 135 Adjacent to the first adjustment treads 125, to form a stair structure partially staggered stairs; further, the first adjustment treads 125 are vertically aligned into a first row of treads, and the second adjustment treads are aligned up and down Forming a second row of treads adjacent to the second row of treads. It should be understood that in conjunction with the above conversion process, the i-th original step front end - in the lower floor - adjacent to the first One of the original steps, the floor tread is raised upwards - the second lifting height is taken, and the second lifting degree is 35% to 65% of the first vertical rising height of the f 1 original steps. According to this embodiment, the first lifting height of the i-th original tread 1Uc is

S 12 201139810 is about half of the first vertical rise height of the original step 1U, or 35% to 65% of m (for example, Η1=2〇cm, then ^about centimeters or 7 Up to 13 cm); when W, the first extended depth D5 of the jth original tread Iiic is about half of the first horizontal row depth m of the (j_i)th original step lu (or 35% to 65 of D1) %). The first adjustment tread is adjacent to the armrest 195; the WSI is a small width, which may range from Μ to % cm or 21 to 35 cm (about 25% of the first step width W1 of the original step U1 to 30%), suitable for one foot to step on and keep the body and armrest 195 at an appropriate distance; WS2 can be greater than 2xWSl to fit another foot and another person stepping side by side. According to this, the traditional staircase 1] 〇 is converted into a dual-purpose staircase 〇〇 〇〇 ’ 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍 仍When the left and right feet are stepped up and down along the first adjustment tread surface 125 and the second adjustment tread surface 135, the height of each step is halved compared to the stepping on the original step, and the left and right feet are The span of each step is also halved, so that the elderly or the weaker knee can be stepped on in a small step to reduce the curvature of the knee and reduce the stress on it. In addition, when the two feet are stepped on the steps along the wider second adjustment treads 135, the height of each step and the forward cross are equivalent to the original steps of stepping on the original. Step ηι, so other family members can quickly go up and down the stairs along the second adjustment treads. According to the embodiment, the first portion of the tread surface 125 is raised upwardly to the first lifting height H5 and the second portion of the tread surface 135 is expanded outwardly, and the first extending depth D5 is extended. Providing a plurality of elevated steps 120 and a plurality of extended steps 130, and respectively connecting the elevated steps 12〇13 201139810 and the extended steps 130 respectively to the original steps n1; As described below: A plurality of elevated steps 120 are respectively connected to a plurality of original steps 111. Here, as shown in Fig. 4, each of the elevated steps 12A has a second vertical rising height H2 and a second horizontal running depth D2. In the present embodiment, the second vertical rising height H2 is smaller than the first vertical rising degree H1 of the original step 1U, and the second horizontal running depth D2 may be equal to the first horizontal running depth D1 of the original step 111. For example, the ratio of the second vertical rise temperature H2 to the first vertical rise height H1 may be about 1/2. In addition, a plurality of extended steps 13 are divided into a plurality of original female steps. Here, as shown in FIG. 5, each of the extended steps 13〇 has a first-upward vertical southness 113 and a third horizontal stroke depth D3. ^ In the present embodiment, the third vertical rise height H3 is substantially equal to the first vertical rise height of the original full step (1), and the third horizontal stroke deep shoulder may still be less than the first level of the original step Stroke depth (1) and the second horizontal stroke depth w of the lift pedal 13⁄4 I2G. For example, the depth D3 is the depth of the first horizontal stroke m = = χ =: each of the extended steps 130 is connected to each of the rising steps and is connected to a corresponding original step 111. One original two sides two. In addition, in order to facilitate the user to recognize the pedaling: all of them can be selectively coated on the top of 120 = as shown in Fig. 6, each of the elevated steps 120 has a 14th £201139810 nose 120k; each extended step 13 〇 has - third order nose] 3 卟. By the adjustment of the second and third horizontal stroke depths and the adjustment of the second and third vertical ascending heights, the second and third stages of the nose may be formed in the vertical and horizontal directions, respectively. Evenly interlaced. As shown in Fig. 6, the positive body inclination of the second-order nose i3〇k (or the second-order nose) between 25q and so on is the slope of the dual-purpose staircase 100. 〇〇; it is roughly equivalent to the slope Z110 of the original staircase 110. Next, the plurality of dividers 140 are respectively connected to the plurality of original steppers P white 111. Here, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 6, the spacers 4 are adjacent to the elevated steps 12 And between the extension steps 〇3〇, which can be used to separate the elevated steps 120 from the extended steps 13〇. In addition, as shown in FIG. 6 and FIG. 7A, the spacers 14A can be formed with a circular arc-shaped span portion 14A, and as shown in FIG. 7B, the spacers 14 can also be selectively formed. There is a slanted span 141. Additionally, the arcuate span 141 of the divider 140, the angled span 141, or the entire edge thereof may be selectively covered with a soft material. Preferably, as shown in the second, sixth, seventh, and seventh embodiments, the spacers 140 are respectively connected to the side of the extended step 13 that is adjacent to the step 120. Wherein, one of the upper edges 141'' of each of the spacers 14 is respectively aligned with an upper edge of one of the adjacent step 12's. The upper edge of the one side may be aligned with or slightly above the tread of the raised step 12〇. Therefore, the upper edge of the one side of the step 120 has no barrier 14 阻 to form a lateral gap 142, so that the foot can be moved over the divider 140 when the reverse rotation is needed. Then, the horizontal gap 142 can be shuttled between the adjacent step 12 〇 and the extension step 201139810 to smoothly turn around. It should be understood that the dual-purpose staircase 100 ^ 100 manufactured according to the above method is optimally 'adjacent to the upper and lower adjacent steps according to the general specification of the conventional staircase. The vertical height difference between adjacent two treads is less than 20 cm. As described above, the ups and downs 120 series respectively have a first order height and a first order width; the step height may be between 7 and 13 cm' and the step width may be between 21 and 35 cm. In addition to the manufacturing steps described above, the dual-purpose staircase of the present embodiment may further include the following manufacturing steps. As shown in Figs. 8 and 9, the plurality of first connecting plates 15 are respectively placed on a plurality of original steps lu and a plurality of extending steps (10). Here, each of the first connecting plates 15A abuts between each of the original steps m and each of the raised steps 12A and between the two adjacent extending steps 130', which can be used to strengthen the extension The combination between the step 13〇 and the original step (1) is stable. More specifically, a first connecting plate 15A can be disposed on an original step 111 and an extended step 130 after an extended step 130 is connected to an original step ln. Then, one literate step P white 120 and the other extended step 13 〇 are again placed on the first connecting plate 150, and so on. It should be noted that the 'the first connecting plate 15G has a small height (ie, thickness)' and the second partial tread 135 such as the monthly opening extends outwardly to extend the first extended depth D5, and simultaneously raises the small upward height. Further, the first connecting plate 15G is not limited to the "plate" shape, and it may be formed into other

S 16 201139810 Gas is for example a frame suitable for connection. In order to cope with the various height and depth variations of the original steps, the first connecting plate 15 is fixed or placed in an adjustable position to connect at least one of the extending steps, the steps or combinations thereof. Also, the first web 150 may be constructed of wood, plastic, metal or other rigid material. ^ Next, as shown in FIG. 10, a plurality of second connecting plates 160 are respectively disposed on a plurality of original steps m and a plurality of rising steps 12A, which can be used to increase the step 12G and the original The combination of the step ln is stabilized here, and each of the second connecting plates 160 is connected between the two elevated steps m adjacent to each other. The second web (10) may be constructed of wood, plastic, carpet or other materials. In addition to the above, the dual-step staircase can have a height and depth adjustable configuration. As shown in the nth figure, each of the elevated steps 12A includes a first branch body (2) and an extension fixing portion 122. The extension fixing portion 22 is fixed to each of the original = (1), and the first - branch # body (2) is the moving side = the fixed portion 122. More specifically, as shown in Fig. 2, the extension ^ 122 has a - protrusion * 122 & ' and the first - slice body ΐ 2 i has a concave ^ 2U. Here, the projection 122a is nested in a moving manner. As described above, by the first support being mainly connected to the extension fixing portion 122, each of the lifts is added in a manner of moving up to the step of the step 20] after being connected to each of the original steps in Two horizontal stroke depth = adjustment. In addition, a plurality of elevated steps can be selected as well as a detailed structure. As shown in Fig. 13, there is an alternative stepping height step 2], 17 201139810 includes a first supporting body 121', a plurality of height adjusters 123 and a filling extension element 124. A plurality of height adjusters 123 are disposed between each of the original steps 111 and the first support body 12A, and are configured to adjust a second vertical rise of each of the raised steps 120 after being connected to each of the original steps 111. Height (H2). A filling extension element 124 is disposed between each of the original step 111 and the first support body 121', and is configured to adjust a second horizontal stroke depth of each of the elevated steps 120 after being connected to each of the original steps 111. (D2). Here, the filling extension member 124 may be made of a soft material that is easy to cut and formed or a material having cushioning properties. The first supporting body 121 is a solid structure to provide a main gravity-bearing support of the elevated step 120, and the size thereof may be according to the first horizontal stroke depth D1, the first lifting height H5, and the first partial step width WS1. The scope of application is made into several predetermined sizes to conform to the conversion of a general conventional staircase into a dual-purpose staircase. Therefore, the width of the first supporting body 121 is between 21 and 35 cm according to the first partial step width WS1; the height should be less than the first lifting height H5, so the applicable range can be set at 4 to 10 Between the centimeters; its depth should be less than the aforementioned first horizontal stroke depth D1, so its applicable range can be set between 18 and 28 cm. The height of the second supporting body 132 should not be greater than the first vertical rising height H1, so the applicable range can be set between 15 and 20 cm; the depth optimization is not more than half of the first horizontal stroke depth D1. Therefore, its scope of application can be set between 5 and 14 cm. Further, in addition to the above-described manufacturing steps, the manufacturing method of the dual-purpose staircase of the present embodiment may further include the following manufacturing steps. 18 201139810 As shown in FIG. 11, one or more first stacked laminates 171 are disposed between each of the original steps 111 and the first support body 121 of each raised step 120, which can also be used The second vertical ascending height (H2) of each of the elevated steps 120 is adjusted. In addition, as shown in FIG. 11, in order to enhance the comfort of the user when stepping on each of the elevated steps 120 or to reduce the impact on the user's foot, a first cushion 181 may be provided for each. Raise above the step 120. Here, the first cushion 181 may be composed of a soft material, a non-slip material, or any form of cushioning material. Similarly, the plurality of extension steps 130 of the dual purpose staircase 100 can also have a height and depth adjustable configuration. As shown in Fig. 14, each of the extended steps 130 includes a second support body 132 and a plurality of depth adjusters 133. A plurality of depth adjusters 133 are disposed between each of the original steps 111 and the second support body 132, and are operable to adjust a third horizontal stroke depth (D3) of each of the extended steps 130. Further, in addition to the above-described manufacturing steps, the manufacturing method of the dual-purpose staircase of the present embodiment may further include the following manufacturing steps. As shown in FIG. 14, one or more second stacked laminates 172 are disposed on the second support body 132 of each of the extended steps 130, which can be used to adjust the third vertical rise of each of the extended steps 130. Height (H3). In addition, as shown in FIG. 14, in order to enhance the comfort of the user when stepping on each of the extended steps 130 or to reduce the impact on the user's foot, a second cushion 182 may be provided for each extension. Above the step 130 19 201139810. Likewise, the second cushion 182 can be constructed of a soft material, a non-slip material, or any form of cushioning material. Further, the extended step 130 and the first connecting plate 150 shown in FIG. 9 may have the detailed configuration described below. As shown in Fig. 15, each of the first connecting plates 150 includes a plurality of first engaging pins 151 and a plurality of second engaging pins 152. It is to be noted that the first engaging pin 151 and the second engaging pin 152 are formed to extend in opposite directions. Each of the extended steps 130 includes another second support body 132' and a plurality of depth adjusters 133. The second support body 132' has a plurality of first engaging holes 132'a and a plurality of second engaging holes 132'b. The first engaging hole 132'a is opposite to the second engaging hole 132'b. Similarly, a plurality of depth adjusters 133 are disposed between the original step 111 and the second support body 132', which can be used to adjust the third horizontal stroke depth (D3) of the extended step 130. As shown in FIG. 15 , when each of the first connecting plates 150 abuts between the two adjacent extending steps 130 , the first engaging pin 151 and the second engaging pin 152 of the first connecting plate 150 . The first engaging hole 132'a and the second engaging hole 132'b of the second supporting body 132' of the extending step 130 are respectively engaged. Further, in addition to the above-described manufacturing steps, the manufacturing method of the dual-purpose staircase of the present embodiment may further include the following manufacturing steps. As shown in FIG. 15, one or more second stacked layers 172 are disposed between the first connecting plate 150 and the second supporting body 132' of the extended step 130, which can be used to adjust the first step 130 of the extending step 130. Three vertical rise heights (H3). £20 201139810 Further, the elevation step 12〇, the extension step 13〇, and the first connecting plate 150 shown in FIG. 9 may have the detailed configuration described below. As shown in Fig. 16, the first connecting plate 15A includes a plurality of third engaging pins 153. Here, the second engaging pin 153 is engaged with the stepped step 2〇 and the extended step 130, respectively. Further, as shown in Fig. 16, the adjacent step 120 and the extended step 130 may be joined by a plurality of connecting pins 19A. Further, it is to be noted that the dual-purpose staircase 1 obtained by the method for manufacturing the dual-purpose staircase of the present embodiment can also omit the arrangement of the spacers 14 and its overall appearance can be appropriately modified. For example, a dual-purpose staircase as shown in Fig. 17 can also be obtained by the method of manufacturing a conventional staircase which converts a conventional staircase into a dual-purpose staircase. The sum of the width WS2 of the extended step 130 and the width WS1 of the raised step 12 is less than the first step width W1 of the original step 1U. For example, (WS1+WS2)<(W1 x60%) to save material. In addition, as described in the previous example, the two-degree and depth-adjustable structure of the step 12〇 and the extended step 13〇 can be used and used. For example, the height adjuster 123 applied to the elevated step 120, the extended fixing portion 22 can be applied to the extended step 13 to adjust its height and ice, and is applied to the extended step 13 The depth adjuster 133 of the crucible can also be applied to the lift step 12 to adjust its depth. It is also worth noting that when using this embodiment to convert a traditional staircase into a dual-purpose staircase, the size and depth of the original steps of the traditional staircase may not be the same, so the above-mentioned step or extension is increased. The height of the steps of 201139810 degrees and the adjustment of the depth can be different on each original step. For example, the method for forming any of the above-mentioned elevated steps 120 may include a first support body 121, a height-adjustable device (such as the height adjuster 123, the first stacked laminate 171, etc.), a device for adjusting the depth (such as the extension fixing portion 122, the filling extension member 124, the depth adjuster 133, etc.), or any combination thereof; and, for example, the method for forming any of the foregoing extending steps 130 may include The second support body 132, a device with adjustable depth (such as the extension fixing portion 122, the depth adjuster 133, the filling extension member 124, etc.), a height adjustable device (such as the second stacked layer plate 172, the height adjuster 123) Etc.), or any combination thereof. For example, if one of the steps of the original step is higher than the step of the adjacent step, the upper step and the extended step can be added without any stacked layer, and vice versa, the stacked layer can be increased to make the stepping It is smoother when the double-purpose staircase is stepped on the traditional staircase. Further, the main flow of the manufacturing method of the dual-purpose staircase of the present embodiment can be as shown in Fig. 18. Further, Fig. 19 is a practical flow chart showing a method of converting a conventional staircase into a dual-purpose staircase by providing a plurality of elevated steps and a plurality of extended steps in the first embodiment of the present invention. As described above, in the dual-purpose staircase 1 which is obtained by the method for converting a conventional staircase into a dual-purpose staircase of the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 2, the horizontal width of the extended step 130 is as shown in FIG. It may be greater than the horizontal width of the step 120, that is, the area occupied by the extension step 130 may be larger than the area occupied by the step 120. Therefore, when different users use the dual-purpose staircase 100, they can be based on their own needs.

S 22 201139810 Seek physical condition to choose to walk on the extended step (10) or the extended step 1 as in conjunction with the elevated step 120. For example, when a user is in a hurry or does not have pressure on the knee, his legs can walk directly on the extended step P white 130, so that a quick-use dual-purpose staircase can be achieved. On the one hand, when a user is older or the knee is weaker, the %' legs can walk on the elevated step 120 and the extended step 130, respectively. At this point, the Shan Shiren <丨丄τ ^ ' has a small height difference from the original step (1) due to the elevation step 120 and the extended step] (or the south step m and The difference in height between the extended steps 130 is only about the height of the original original step 111. Therefore, when the user uses the upper and lower double-type stairs (10), the degree of bending of the legs is small, so that the stairs can be up and down. The stress that it is subjected to. Legs and knees again. In the dual-purpose staircase (10), most of the dividers (10) can be installed; it has the effect of improving the safety of use. More specifically, by the spacer 14 阻 blocking, when the user walks on the elevated step m and the extended step 130, respectively, there is no accident such as slipping due to stepping on the step. In other words, the hunting is blocked by the separator uo, and the user's legs can be kept at a predetermined elevated step 120 and an extended step 13〇, respectively. In addition, the aforementioned lateral sigma 142 between the dividers (10), the user in the double staircase Η) (^ turns the body and reverses (4). Sex and safety can also be mentioned by the external value, the separation mentioned above The rounded, slanted span 141 of the device 140, or its integral edge, can be accessed to the 软1 软 soft material 'as such that the foot can be protected from injury when it comes into contact with or across the divider 140. The spans 141 of the dividers 140 23 201139810 can also be shaped as plum petals, wavy or other shapes that do not have sharp corners. Additionally, as shown in Figures 2 and 17, an armrest 195 can be Optionally disposed in the dual-purpose staircase 100, 100', particularly adjacent to one of the elevated steps 120, 120', 120", to facilitate the user to use the upper and lower dual-purpose stairs 100, 100 The second embodiment is a perspective view showing a dual-purpose staircase 100'' obtained by the method for manufacturing the dual-purpose staircase according to the second embodiment of the present invention. The dual-purpose staircase manufacturing method of the embodiment is used to manufacture double The process of the type of stairs 100''. First, referring to Fig. 21, a conventional staircase 110 having a plurality of original steps 111 is provided. Similarly, each of the original steps 111 has a first vertical ascending height H1 and a first horizontal stroke depth D1. Next, a portion of each of the original steps 111 is removed to form a recess 111b in a portion of each of the original steps 111. Here, the recess 111b has a fourth step width WS4, a fourth vertical rise height H4, and a fourth horizontal stroke depth D4. It is worth noting that the ratio of the fourth vertical rise height H4 to the first vertical rise height H1 may be between 35% and The ratio of 65%, and the fourth horizontal stroke depth D4 to the first horizontal stroke depth D1 may also be between 30% and 60%. However, in the present embodiment, the fourth vertical rising height H4 is The ratio of the first vertical ascending height H1 is about 1/2, and the ratio of the fourth horizontal stroke depth s 24 20Π39810 degrees D4 to the first horizontal stroke depth ???! is also about the force. The above-mentioned concave portion Ulb Every original step 11 It is also possible to use a forming mold at the beginning to manufacture a plurality of recesses in a body-forming manner. The basic step of Ub (the shape corresponds to the original step) η is added. 卩Π 1 b) 'And the basic step 1 such as § Hai is stacked up and down according to a slope; and each of the concave portions lnb is vertically aligned. Next, as shown in Fig. 22, a plurality of steps 12 are raised, , respectively connected to a plurality of original steps ln. Here, the steps 12 升高 are raised, the knives are corresponding to i and adjacent to the concave portions 1 1 of the original steps 以及, and One of the stepping surfaces of the stepping step k 120 is aligned with the treading surface S11]b of one of the recessed portions 1111 of the original step 1 . Then, as shown in FIG. 20 and FIG. 22, a plurality of third connecting plates 1, 93 are respectively disposed on a plurality of original steps lu and a plurality of rising steps 12〇''=, and a plurality of The fourth connecting plates (or pedals) 194 are respectively disposed on the plurality of stepped steps 12〇, the stepping surface sl2〇, and the treading surfaces of the plurality of concave portions 1111 of the plurality of original steps h 111. Further, the dual-purpose staircase 100 has one armrest 195 on its side, and each recessed portion 1 Πb is adjacent to the armrest 195. Then, as shown in the 2G®, a plurality of partitions n 14 () are connected to a plurality of original steps ln. Here, each of the separators (10)' is adjacent to each of the steps 12(). Moreover, it is worth noting that each of the dividers 14G' can also be selectively formed with a - circular arc-shaped span, a slanted span or other spur-free span. In the embodiment 25 201139810, each of the dividers 14 is (4). Further, each of the partitions 140, the upper inclined span portion, the high step 120, is far from the skill 195, and the 糸 is respectively aligned with the adjacent upper edge of the second-order side of the ascending m. In this way, section: The upper edge of the step side is not separated by the value of $ into -k to the gap 'to facilitate the need to make the middle of the way ^ and the shape needs to raise the cross-body please, and directly through the (10) gap can not be turned:: two pairs of (4) The main flow of the method for manufacturing the stairway is as described above, and the horizontal width of the (10) type staircase obtained by the household of the dual-purpose staircase of the present embodiment, for example, the horizontal width of the 22ffl (four) 2 yang m may be greater than the elevation step 120 "Tread = Γ" is combined with the stepping surface s lb of the recessed portion (10). Therefore, when different users use the dual-purpose staircase, the basin can be selectively selected according to its own needs or physical condition. Walking on the original step in or the original step ln, the combined step 120, the stepping surface S120, and the stepping surface sllb of the recess 111b. For example, when a user is in a hurry or not With the consideration of knee maintenance and protection, the legs can directly walk on the original step m, so that the purpose of quickly using the dual-purpose staircase 100 can be achieved. In another aspect, when a user is Maintenance protection for older or weaker knees In other cases, the legs can be respectively moved on the step 120, the stepping surface sl2, and the treading surface S11lb of the recess 111b (that is, the fourth connection shown in FIG. 20 (or stepping on) The board 194) and the original step 111. At this time, since the pedal 194 and the original step 111 have a ratio of U1 to the original step U1

S 26 201139810 The difference between the degree of the difference between the knowledge and the small (or the pedal ι94 and the original step) η is only about 5〇% of the height of the original original step Π1, so the user doubles up and down With the type of stairs (10), the legs will be less curved, which can reduce the stress on the legs and knees when going up and down the stairs. Furthermore, in the dual-purpose staircase 100, a divider 〖40 is provided, which can have the effect of using k liters for fullness. More specifically, by the barrier of the divider, when the user walks on the pedal 194 and the original step 1Π, the user does not accidentally step on the step and slips. In other words, by means of the barrier function of the divider 140, the user's legs can be kept on the predetermined pedal 194 and the original step 111, respectively. In addition, by the user of the lateral gap of the spacer 140', the user can use the double-handed stair, and the smoothness and safety of the user can be improved. In addition, it is worth mentioning that 'the separator mentioned above' is 4', and the inclined span (4)' or its entire edge can be selectively (4) covered with a soft material, thus protecting the latter (4) Touched or crossed the divider Μ injured. Further, the armrest 195 in the above-described first embodiment can be appropriately adjusted as the height of the second vertical ascending height is increased to enhance the correction and the fullness of the female. In addition, the armrest 195 in the second embodiment does not need to be adjusted up to the above-mentioned step 120 and the extension step 30 to have a volume: to accommodate a storage space, a sensor close to the human body, Two sources, - power or battery, - speakers, etc. or a combination thereof, can produce sound and light when stepping on the (four) (four) stairs to enhance the fullness and fun of women. 27 201139810 In summary, the method for manufacturing a conventional staircase to a dual-purpose staircase disclosed in the present invention can have the following advantages: (1) The method for manufacturing the dual-purpose staircase disclosed in the present invention can utilize any existing existing method. The traditional staircase has been converted into a dual-purpose staircase, so that its application can be completely unrestricted, which in turn can save costs. In the future, if necessary, it is easy to remove the modified part and restore the original staircase. (2) The dual-purpose staircase obtained by the method for manufacturing the dual-purpose staircase disclosed in the present invention can achieve the degree of bending of the user's legs, thereby reliably reducing the stress on the user's knee when going up and down the stairs. The function can effectively prevent the user from suffering knee injury and is suitable for the elderly or the knee is weak and needs to be maintained by the guard. At the same time, other people with completely healthy legs can go up and down the stairs with their habits and pace. (3) The dual-purpose staircase obtained by the method for manufacturing the dual-purpose staircase disclosed by the present invention is further provided with a plurality of dividers so that the legs are easily maintained in a predetermined direction; the dividers have lateral openings therebetween. In order to make the middle turn more smoothly, the dual-purpose staircase can have the safety of use. Although the present invention has been disclosed in its preferred embodiments, it is not intended to limit the present invention, and it is possible to make some modifications and refinements without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. The scope of the invention is defined by the scope of the appended claims.

S 28 201139810 [Simplified description of the drawings] Fig. 1 shows a schematic diagram of the second embodiment of the dual-purpose type of the first embodiment of the present invention. The three-dimensional diagram of the stairs; the music diagram of the music is not a flute ^ ^ The schematic diagram of the ladder; the traditional building of the double-use staircase of ° ° 4 shows the roots and a plurality of elevated steps - Kang Ertu The section of the traditional staircase in the stairway is not intended; the fifth figure shows a cross-sectional view of the traditional stairway in the double-purpose staircase with the root and the plurality of extended steps; the sixth figure shows the root flute The 7th Α 系 系 局部 局部 局部 局部 局部 ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; - The dual-purpose stairway of the double-purpose stairway (4) is used for the double-use ladder--(4) The sound-figure diagram of the shaft-making diagram is shown in Fig. 8. The figure shows the structure of the dual-purpose staircase according to Fig. 8 According to Figure 9, the dual-purpose staircase is a schematic diagram of the ladder; The system shows another cross-sectional view of the double-purpose staircase according to Figure 2 and a plurality of elevated steps; the 12th diagram of the ladder is not based on the internal structure of the step-up step 29 201139810 Intention; The figure shows the internal structure of another elevated step; the disk system shows another section of the traditional staircase and multiple extension steps in the dual-purpose staircase according to Figure 2; The figure shows a cross-sectional view of the stepped, extended step and the connecting plate according to the drawing of the extending step and the first connecting plate according to FIG. 9 according to FIG. 9; A three-dimensional schematic diagram of a double-type staircase of another embodiment; a basic flow chart of the method; a system for the dual-purpose staircase of the 帛- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Yan Er Er Di uses the method of providing a plurality of types of stairs to create a real-time plan. The staircase is converted into a pair of second-hand drawings. The invention is used in the process of _ process schematic; μ read according to the dual-use type of 4 2g Stairs - the type of manufacturing made 22 ==; Γ ^ 2 () ΒΙ double use stairs Species-based system of FIG. 23 is not significant to the present invention - a basic flow diagram of the method of linen. A "also used double-type staircase system 201139810 [main components symbol description] 1 ~ stairs 10 ~ step 10a ~ tread 10b ~ elevation 100, 100', 100" ~ dual-use staircase 110 ~ traditional stairs 111 ~ Original step II la ~ original facade III b ~ recessed portion 111 c ~ original tread 11 lk ~ first step nose 120, 120 ', 120" ~ raised step 120k ~ second step nose 121, 121 '~ A support body 121 a to the groove 122 to the extension fixing portion 122 a to the protrusion 123 to the height adjuster 124 to the extension member 125 to the first adjustment tread 130 to the extension step 31 201139810 130 k to the third step nose 132 , 132 ′ The second support body 132'a to the first engagement hole 132'b to the second engagement hole 133 to the depth adjuster 135 to the second adjustment tread 140, 140' to the spacer 141 to the circular arc-shaped span portion 14 The inclined spanning portion 14Γ'~the upper edge of the divider 142~the notch 150~the first connecting plate 151~the first engaging pin 152~the second engaging pin 153~the third engaging pin 160~the second connecting plate171 ~ first stacked layer 172 ~ second stacked layer 173 ~ third stacked layer 181 ~ A second cushion cushion 182~ 190~ coupling pin

S 32 201139810 193 ~ third connecting plate 194 ~ fourth connecting plate (pedal) 195 ~ armrest H1 ~ first vertical rising height H2 ~ second vertical rising height H3 ~ third vertical rising height H4 ~ fourth vertical rising height H5 to first lifting height H6 to second lifting height D1 to first horizontal stroke depth D2 to second horizontal stroke depth D3 to third horizontal stroke depth D4 to fourth horizontal stroke depth D5 to first extension depth W1 to first Step width WS1 ~ first partial step width WS2 ~ second part step width S120", Slllb ~ tread surface Z100 ~ dual purpose staircase slope Z110 ~ traditional staircase slope

Claims (1)

  1. 201139810 VII. The scope of application for patents: The value of the type of stairs converted into a double-use staircase material, Lizhong, there are N original steps, each original step has two first vertical A degree and - the first level The depth of the stroke, the method includes: the first to the (N-1)th original step / the first time - Chu. θ Θ _ & ^ the first part of the tread to rise to the first "premium to form a The adjustment treading degree is less than the first vertical rising height; 4" one of the first to the second original steps 筮 _ Urm, the first tread surface is expanded outwardly, and the depth is extended to form a second adjustment Step@j # 谇仫丨MW β gate front face, the first extension depth is less than the first horizontal stroke depth; the first adjustment treads are up and down corresponding to a first row of treads, and the second adjustment treads The upper and lower portions are correspondingly formed into a second row of treads; and the second column of the S-series is adjacent to the first row of treads. 2. The method for converting a conventional staircase into a dual-purpose staircase as described in claim i, further comprising: locating one of the lower floors of the first original step front adjacent to the first original One of the steps of the step is raised upward by a second lifting height, wherein the S Xuan second lifting strength is 35% to 65 of the first vertical rising degree of the first original step. /. And the first lifting height of the i-th original step is 35% to 65% of the first vertical rising height of the (i+1)th original step, wherein, Q is 0 < i < N. 3. The method of converting a conventional staircase to a dual-purpose staircase as described in claim 1 wherein the first extension of the jth original tread is 35% of S 34 201139810 to the third υ-υ The first horizontal line of the original step is 65%; among them, the heart coat is < j < N+1 4. A method of converting a traditional staircase into a dual-purpose staircase, the traditional staircase has a plurality of original steps , each of the original steps and having a "vertical rise height" and a - first - horizontal stroke depth, the method comprising: providing a plurality of elevated steps for respectively connecting to the 'each raised step having a second vertical rise Height and a second water; = depth, the second vertical ascending height is less than the first vertical elevation to provide a plurality of extension steps to respectively connect to the original steps. In each, the extension step has a third vertical ascending height and a third. The third vertical ascending height is close to the first vertical increase ς = less than + Λ 5%, and the third horizontal stroke depth (four) is smaller than the first water 仃 仃; And the material is raised and the material is extended to be paired Financial type, split riding connected to such original order. Converting the traditional staircase into a double vertical rise 2 method using the type 5 专利 Patent ( (4) 4, wherein the second vertical ascending height is between the first = rising south and 35% to 65% 'And the third horizontal line 糸" is between 35 〇 / 〇 to 65% of the first - horizontal stroke depth. Also use the 6th floor like::= 利? The main body of the work, the high-yield: the step system includes at least a -th-branch per-w degree sheet or a combination thereof for adjusting the second vertical ascending height of the mother-one step. 35 201139810 7. For the method of claiming the scope of the four types of stairs, each of the extension steps includes = 奂 is a double support body, a depth adjuster, an extension fixed part, or a wide The third horizontal stroke depth of each extension step of the joint application: the type of staircase is used to convert the (four) ladder to the double, and the plurality of consecutive purely divided bicycles are placed on the original step. The method of extending the step, the step of raising the step or the method of connecting the at least one of the steps of the type of the stairway as described in claim 4 of the patent application, further comprising: (4) replacing the plurality of steps The device is respectively connected between the extended steps, wherein the separators have at least one lateral gap, etc., a method for converting a traditional staircase into a dual-purpose staircase, wherein The staircase has a plurality of original steps, each of the original steps having a first vertical ascending height and a -first horizontal stroke depth, the method comprising: forming a vertical height on a portion of the original step for the brother/vertical 35% to 65% of the rise in height and one water a recessed portion having a depth of 35% to 65% of the depth of the flat stroke; and a plurality of raised steps respectively adjacent to the front end of the concave portions of the original steps, wherein the original steps are The recessed portions are one of the upper and lower J'·10 back and 5 Xuan et al. The stepping surface is aligned with one of the recessed portions. 11. A dual-purpose type ladder comprising: a first row of steps having a plurality of treads having a width of a first partial step width of 36 S 201139810; and a step of = two steps, and the first column a stepped adjacent step, and having a plurality of second partial treads of a first partial step width; wherein the first partial step width is greater than twice the step width of the second portion; The overall slope of the step is 43·6 degrees or less; the first partial treads include two adjacent treads' and the vertical height difference of the two treads is less than 20 cm; and the second treads are respectively The first partial treads are formed by the up and down and the front and back. U. The double-use type stairway as described in the scope of the patent scope, including: = several dividers respectively connected to the (four)-partial tread and between the treads; wherein 'at least - the dividers One of the upper edges is an adjacent first- or second partial tread-side upper edge. The dual-purpose stair assembly is suitable for a conventional staircase, wherein the staircase has a plurality of original steps. Each of the original steps has a 'rise 4' and - the first horizontal stroke depth, and the assembly includes: 升高 an elevated step, which is respectively connected to the original steps, and the second liter has a first a vertical rise height, the second vertical rise south is less than the first vertical rise height; and γ = an extended step 'departures are connected to the original steps; the mother one extended step has a third vertical ^ Light yield, 兮筮-冬士升问度 and one brother and two horizontal strokes Haidi two vertical ascending height is substantially equal to the degree of error and the error is within +/_ 5% to open the first horizontal line _ degree; k water transmission The depth of the process is less than the 37 201139810 /,. It is used to connect to the original steps in a pairwise manner. 〗 4. The dual-purpose stair assembly according to claim 13 of the claim, wherein the first vertical rise height system Between 7 and 13 cm; the second vertical rise height of ° Hai is between 15 and 2 cm; and the third horizontal stroke depth is between 5 and 14 cm. The dual-purpose stair assembly according to claim 13, wherein at least one of the extended steps comprises a height-adjustable device; to > a height-adjusting device; the height-adjustable device comprising at least one height adjuster, a layer of plates or a combination thereof; and > the adjustable depth device comprises at least one extension fixing portion, a depth adjuster, and a filling extension member Or a combination thereof. S 38
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US20110232214A1 (en) * 2010-03-23 2011-09-29 Shi-Tron Lin Method, Component and Structure for Constructing a Dual-Use Staircase

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