SU698535A3 - Electrolyzer - Google Patents

Electrolyzer

Info

Publication number
SU698535A3
SU698535A3 SU742053825A SU2053825A SU698535A3 SU 698535 A3 SU698535 A3 SU 698535A3 SU 742053825 A SU742053825 A SU 742053825A SU 2053825 A SU2053825 A SU 2053825A SU 698535 A3 SU698535 A3 SU 698535A3
Authority
SU
USSR - Soviet Union
Prior art keywords
electrode
electrolyte
plates
electrode chamber
formed
Prior art date
Application number
SU742053825A
Other languages
Russian (ru)
Unknown language (xx)
Inventor
Штефан Ямес Жорж (Юар)
Ян Демар Брус (Юар)
Рудольф Моергели Вальтер (Швейцария)
Original Assignee
Парель С.А. (Фирма)
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to ZA7305311 priority Critical
Application filed by Парель С.А. (Фирма) filed Critical Парель С.А. (Фирма)
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of SU698535A3 publication Critical patent/SU698535A3/en

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B9/00Cells or assemblies of cells; Constructional parts of cells; Assemblies of constructional parts, e.g. electrode-diaphragm assemblies
    • C25B9/16Cells or assemblies of cells comprising at least one electrode made of particles; Assemblies of constructional parts thereof
    • C25B9/162Cells or assemblies of cells comprising at least one electrode made of particles; Assemblies of constructional parts thereof comprising fluidised bed electrodes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/46Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods
    • C02F1/461Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrolysis
    • C02F1/46104Devices therefor; Their operating or servicing
    • C02F1/46109Electrodes
    • C02F1/46114Electrodes in particulate form or with conductive and/or non conductive particles between them
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B15/00Operating or servicing of cells
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/46Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods
    • C02F1/461Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrolysis
    • C02F1/467Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrolysis by electrochemical disinfection; by electrooxydation or by electroreduction
    • C02F1/4676Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrolysis by electrochemical disinfection; by electrooxydation or by electroreduction by electroreduction
    • C02F1/4678Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrolysis by electrochemical disinfection; by electrooxydation or by electroreduction by electroreduction of metals

Claims (4)

  1. (54) ЭЛЕКТГОЛИЗЕР 369 второй электродной камере размещены также средства, ограничивающие движение электролита . (54) ELEKTGOLIZER second electrode chamber 369 also has means of limiting the movement of the electrolyte. Эти средства представл ют собой, либо перфорировант 1е пластины 7, либо слой частиц 8 из электрохимически нейтрального материала. These agents are either perforirovant 1e plates 7, 8 or layer of particles of electrochemically neutral material. Перфораци в пластинах 7 может быть выполнена различным образом, в частности все пластины могут иметь отверсти в центре. Perforations in the plates 7 may be formed in various ways, in particular all the plates may have holes in the center. Возможен вариант, когда несколько пластин имеют по одному отверстию, а другие - несколько отверстий, расположенных по обе стороны электрода 6. Отверсти могут быть образованы также за счет выполнени углублений на боковых торцах пластин, прилегающих к корпусу. The variant, when several plates have one opening, and the other - several holes located on both sides of the electrode 6. The holes can also be formed by forming depressions on the lateral ends of the plates adjacent to the housing. Штуцеры 9 и 10 служат дл ввода электролита в электродные камеры, а щтуцеры 11 и 12 - дл вывода электролита. Connections 9 and 10 serve for the input of electrolyte in the electrode chamber and schtutsery 11 and 12 - for electrolyte withdrawal. Перва электродна камера может иметь опорн}то распределительную решетку 13, а втора электродна камера - решетку 14. Патрубки 15 используютс дл подсоединени контрольно из мерительных приборов. A first electrode chamber can be counterbalanced} the distribution grid 13 and the second electrode chamber - grate 14. Nozzles 15 are used for connecting the control of the measuring instrument. Конструкци электролизера позвол ет проводить процесс электролитического получени металлов при больших плотност х тока и использовать диафрагмы больших размеров, что в конечном итоге значительно увеличивает производительность электролизера. The construction allows the cell to conduct the electrolytic process for producing metals at high current densities and use of large size aperture that ultimately greatly increase the performance of the cell. П р им ер . P p er them. Электролизер был испытан в пр изводстве электролитического лолучени кобаль та. Cell was tested in pr duction of cobalt electrodeposition lolucheni that. Электрод 5, выполненный в виде мелких м таллических частиц, служит катодом. Electrode 5 is formed as a small m-metallic particles, it serves as the cathode. Диафрагма , используема в электролизер, имела щирину 950 мм и высоту 1050 мм. The diaphragm used in the electrolytic cell was Schirin 950 mm and a height of 1050 mm. В электродную камеру 3 подавали раствор электролита с содержанием кобальта 42 г/л при рН 4. Электр лизер устойчиво работал при плотности тока 2400-3000 А/м в течение 500 ч. Разрывов ди афрагм не наблюдалось. The electrode chamber 3 supplied electrolyte solution containing cobalt 42 g / L at pH 4. Electronic Lieser stably operated at a current density of 2400-3000 A / m for 500 hours. Afragm di Breaks were observed. Концентраци кобальта в выход щем растворе составл ла 12-24 г/л. The concentration of cobalt in the outlet of the solution was 12-24 g / l. Известный электролизер при использовании того же раствора и таком же расходе электролита мог использоватьс только при плотности тока 300 А/м Концентраци кобальта в выход щем растворе составл ла 35 г/л. Known electrolytic cell using the same solution and the same flow of electrolyte can be used only at a current density of 300 A / m of cobalt concentration in the effluent of the solution was 35 g / l. Производительность предлагаемого электролизера значительно выше. Performance of the proposed electrolyzer considerably higher. Формула изобретени 1.Электролизер, содержащий корпус, разделенный диафрагмой на первую и вторую электродные камеры, через которые протекает электролит , первый электрод, выполненный в виде металлических частиц и расположенный в пер ,вой электродной камере и второй электрод, расположенный во второй электродной камере, отличающийс тем, что, с целью повышени производительности, второй электрод выполнен в виде единого монолитного элемента И во второй электродной камере размещены средства, ограничивающие движение электролита и создающие гр Formula 1.Elektrolizer invention, comprising a housing divided by a diaphragm into first and second electrode chambers through which electrolyte flows, the first electrode is configured in the form of metallic particles and located in the lane, howling electrode chamber and a second electrode disposed in a second electrode chamber, wherein in that, in order to increase productivity, the second electrode is formed as a single monolithic element and the second electrode chamber has means of limiting the movement of the electrolyte and create c диент давлени по высоте камеры. gradient of the pressure adjustment chamber.
  2. 2.Электролизер по п. 1, отличающийс тем, что второй электрод выполнен в ввде пластины, расположенной параллельно диафрагме. 2.Elektrolizer claim. 1, characterized in that the second electrode is formed in vvde plate disposed parallel to the diaphragm.
  3. 3.Электролизер по п. 1, отличающийс тем, что средства, ограничивающие движение электролита, представл ют собой слой частиц из электрохимически нейтрального материала . 3.Elektrolizer claim. 1, characterized in that the means restricting the movement of electrolyte, are bed of particles of electrochemically neutral material.
  4. 4.Электролизер по п. 1, отличающийс тем, что средства, ограничивающие движение электролита, представл ют собой перфорированные пластины, расположенные перпендикул рно диафрагме. 4.Elektrolizer claim. 1, characterized in that the means restricting the movement of electrolyte, are perforated plates, disposed perpendicularly to the diaphragm.
    -BUT
    ФигМ FigM
    ч Фи1.5 h Fi1.5
SU742053825A 1973-08-03 1974-08-02 Electrolyzer SU698535A3 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ZA7305311 1973-08-03

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
SU698535A3 true SU698535A3 (en) 1979-11-15

Family

ID=25566665

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
SU742053825A SU698535A3 (en) 1973-08-03 1974-08-02 Electrolyzer

Country Status (17)

Country Link
US (1) US3945892A (en)
JP (1) JPS5070840A (en)
AT (1) AT347907B (en)
BE (1) BE818454A (en)
CA (1) CA1026710A (en)
DE (1) DE2437271A1 (en)
DK (1) DK413374A (en)
FI (1) FI61209C (en)
FR (1) FR2239288B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1483464A (en)
IE (1) IE40238B1 (en)
IN (1) IN142606B (en)
IT (1) IT1030048B (en)
LU (1) LU70651A1 (en)
NL (1) NL7410502A (en)
SU (1) SU698535A3 (en)
ZM (1) ZM13174A1 (en)

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US4035278A (en) * 1974-05-17 1977-07-12 Cjb Developments Limited Electrolytic cells
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GB1497543A (en) * 1974-11-13 1978-01-12 Parel Sa Flow of electrolyte through electrolytic cells
US3969201A (en) * 1975-01-13 1976-07-13 Canadian Patents And Development Limited Electrolytic production of alkaline peroxide solutions
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DE2607906A1 (en) * 1976-02-26 1977-09-01 Hans Einhell Inh Josef Thannhu Electrolytic cell for the treatment of water
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US4269689A (en) * 1976-12-07 1981-05-26 Agladze Rafael I Electrolyzer for conducting electrolysis therein
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USRE32077E (en) * 1977-06-30 1986-02-04 Oronzio Denora Impianti Elettrochimici S.P.A. Electrolytic cell with membrane and method of operation
BE868520A (en) * 1977-06-30 1978-10-16 Oronzio De Nora Impianti Electrolytic cell membrane and has its operating mode
US4177116A (en) * 1977-06-30 1979-12-04 Oronzio DeNora Implanti Elettrochimici S.p.A. Electrolytic cell with membrane and method of operation
US4132609A (en) * 1977-08-08 1979-01-02 National Steel Corporation Method of and apparatus for electrolytic treatment of metal
US4118302A (en) * 1977-08-10 1978-10-03 National Steel Corporation Cathode structure for use in electrolytic process
US4161435A (en) * 1977-10-13 1979-07-17 Innova, Inc. Process and apparatus for reducing the level of contaminants in aqueous electrolytes containing the same
US4278521A (en) * 1978-05-30 1981-07-14 Dechema Electrochemical cell
DE2836353C2 (en) * 1978-08-19 1980-07-31 Kernforschungsanlage Juelich Gmbh, 5170 Juelich
US4212724A (en) * 1978-11-21 1980-07-15 Innova, Inc. Oxidation and coagulation for aquarium applications
GB2048306B (en) * 1979-03-07 1983-06-15 Nat Res Dev Moving bed electrolyses
US4318789A (en) * 1979-08-20 1982-03-09 Kennecott Corporation Electrochemical removal of heavy metals such as chromium from dilute wastewater streams using flow through porous electrodes
US4244793A (en) * 1979-10-09 1981-01-13 Ppg Industries, Inc. Brine electrolysis using fixed bed oxygen depolarized cathode chlor-alkali cell
US4313813A (en) * 1979-10-09 1982-02-02 Ppg Industries, Inc. Fixed bed oxygen depolarized cathode chlor-alkali cell
US4292197A (en) * 1979-10-09 1981-09-29 Ppg Industries, Inc. Method of preparing electrocatalyst for an oxygen depolarized cathode electrolytic cell
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US4657651A (en) * 1986-04-04 1987-04-14 The Dow Chemical Company Vertical gas electrode operation
US20050217989A1 (en) * 1997-12-22 2005-10-06 George Hradil Spouted bed apparatus with annular region for electroplating small objects
US6193858B1 (en) 1997-12-22 2001-02-27 George Hradil Spouted bed apparatus for contacting objects with a fluid
US6936142B2 (en) * 1997-12-22 2005-08-30 George Hradil Spouted bed apparatus for contacting objects with a fluid
GB9727222D0 (en) * 1997-12-23 1998-02-25 Aea Technology Plc Cell recycling
CN107009374A (en) 2012-03-08 2017-08-04 品质制造有限公司 Touch sensitive robotic gripper
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
NL7410502A (en) 1975-02-05
FR2239288A1 (en) 1975-02-28
JPS5070840A (en) 1975-06-12
GB1483464A (en) 1977-08-17
DK413374A (en) 1975-04-07
BE818454A (en) 1974-12-02
US3945892A (en) 1976-03-23
LU70651A1 (en) 1974-12-10
CA1026710A1 (en)
IN142606B (en) 1977-07-30
BE818454A1 (en)
ATA637874A (en) 1978-06-15
DE2437271A1 (en) 1975-02-13
ZM13174A1 (en) 1975-06-23
IE40238L (en) 1975-02-03
IE40238B1 (en) 1979-04-11
IT1030048B (en) 1979-03-30
CA1026710A (en) 1978-02-21
FI61209B (en) 1982-02-26
AT347907B (en) 1979-01-25
FR2239288B1 (en) 1979-08-03
FI61209C (en) 1982-06-10
FI227174A (en) 1975-02-04

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