SU1586709A1 - Apparatus for normalizing the functions of breathing system - Google Patents

Apparatus for normalizing the functions of breathing system Download PDF

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Publication number
SU1586709A1
SU1586709A1 SU884455059A SU4455059A SU1586709A1 SU 1586709 A1 SU1586709 A1 SU 1586709A1 SU 884455059 A SU884455059 A SU 884455059A SU 4455059 A SU4455059 A SU 4455059A SU 1586709 A1 SU1586709 A1 SU 1586709A1
Authority
SU
USSR - Soviet Union
Prior art keywords
nose
chamber
elastic
mask
mouth
Prior art date
Application number
SU884455059A
Other languages
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Иван Иванович Петрушевский
Николай Михайлович Андриенко
Юрий Алексеевич Петренко
Вит Иванович Мудрик
Юрий Николаевич Вихляев
Original Assignee
Киевский Политехнический Институт Им.50-Летия Великой Октябрьской Социалистической Революции
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Application filed by Киевский Политехнический Институт Им.50-Летия Великой Октябрьской Социалистической Революции filed Critical Киевский Политехнический Институт Им.50-Летия Великой Октябрьской Социалистической Революции
Priority to SU884455059A priority Critical patent/SU1586709A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of SU1586709A1 publication Critical patent/SU1586709A1/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to medicine, in particular to adaptations and apparatus for the treatment of respiratory failure and the training of human breathing. The goal is to expand the functionality by ensuring the functioning directly in the process of human activity. The device contains a nasal-oral mask 6 worn on the face so that the nose is placed in a soft bed of elastic tide, and the nasal passages coincide with the nasal passages. The mouth flap is movable and serves to ensure breathing only through the nose. The volume of the "dead" space formed by the volume of the container, the nasal mask mask 6 and the channels of the flexible hoses 5 is adjusted by means of an adjusting screw. In this case, the elastic chamber 2, fixed on the annular soft base 3, is compressed and the excess air escapes from the "dead" space through the respiratory opening and the side openings of the diaphragm, which is freely fitted by its central opening onto the screw. The design of the device allows you to conveniently put a mask on your head, use the training effect of the "dead" space when swimming, and change the volume of inhaled air through your mouth and nose in mixed breathing. 10 il.

Description

 The invention relates to medicine, in particular to adaptations and apparatus for the treatment of respiratory failure and the training of human breathing.

The purpose of the invention is to expand the functional capabilities by ensuring the functioning directly in the process of human activity and to train swimmers more successfully, i.e., to increase the efficiency of the respiratory training.

FIG. 1 shows a device, a view of Yu from the side; in fig. 2 - the same, rear view; in fig. 3 - the same, front view; in fig. 4 shows section A-A in FIG. 2 (the body of the volume-regulated "dead space of the nose is connected through the nose to the trachea and bronchi of the lungs. Inside the container is attached below the mouth flap 27 in the form of a curved (in the shape of the front parts of the jaws) rigid plate attached to the body of the mask from below flexible part 28 forming a kind of hinge. The flap moves to the side of the mouth with the screw 29 with the handle 30 screwed into the threaded hole 31 provided in the mask body.

Use the device as follows.

The patient puts on the mask 6 on the face, stretching it, and then releasing the elastic flexible tabs 4 and the hoses 5 so that the bottom of the nose

according to the CMMJLin i MvIcii DU1 l iip / v ipuii ,.

va); in fig. 5 - body adjustable in g quiesced in a soft bed 26 elastic at 20

capacity volume, general view; in fig. 6 - kor- | Pus volume-adjustable tank, top-1N part, and the pattern of movement of air B and I water pressure B; in fig. 7 - the nasalum I is convex; a side view with a notch in the middle; in fig. 8 - mouth flap and elastic tide with a bed for the nose and nasal passages, front view; in fig. 9 - the same, I bottom view; in fig. 10 - locking clap I pan with a slewed shaped handle, top view. The device comprises a housing 1 with a dead-capacity capacity adjustable in volume, having a chamber 2 mounted on an annular soft base 3 which is placed on the back of the head. The case is attached to the patient's head with shley 4, and from the bottom it is connected by flexible hoses 5 to a nasal-mouth convex mask 6 through sockets 7 and to the chamber capacity with a single socket 8. The chamber body is made of an elastic film. The chamber has-: the bottom 9 and the top 10, articulated I on the sides and rear of the corrugated walls 11. Inside the chamber there is a volume regulator mounted, consisting of a helical rack with a threaded tube 12 mounted on the bottom of the chamber. An adjusting screw 13 having a flange 14 and is screwed into the tube. fungal knob 15. Between the flange 14 and the knob 15, the screw is loosely fitted with its central hole 16 and a rigid diaphragm 17 with lateral holes 18 and with a cone-shaped central protrusion 30

40

Livi 25, resting on it and resting in it, and the nasal passages to coincide with the corresponding channels 24, the mouth flap 27 would be located in front of the mouth with a gap to it (Fig. 7).

Thus, a total capacity of 23 is formed from nasal and oral respiration. The initial volume of the dead space for training is preset, for which the adjusting screw 13 is screwed down to the limit.

Under the action of elasticity, the chamber 2 is compressed and the excess air escapes from the dead space through the breathing hole 21, previously passing through the side openings 18 of the diaphragm 17.

When inhaling, a vacuum is created in the lungs and in the container 23, capturing all of the dead space and flexible hoses 5, and the capacity of chamber 2. The air from the dead space rushes into the lungs, and the missing amount is replenished into chamber 2, coming from the external environment through the respiratory opening 2 and further through the side openings 18 of the diaphragm 7.

During expiration, due to the compression of the external cell's intercellular muscles and diaphragm, the air rushes through the nasal passages and the mouth into the container 23 and then through the sockets 7 and the channels of the flexible hoses 5 to a single bell 8 placed inside the chamber 2 and displaces it there was air that goes out through holes 18

and with KONUSIiiiaJHD1IV1 tssssialopts Duiv, ijr j--, --i

9, interacting with edges, 20 45 and 21 out. This is how mixed

., .-, g, W r-hr, -, - 4 ptTf r f - 12. ABOUT

top of the camera. The diaphragm is attached circumferentially to the upper part of the chamber, which, in the region of the respiratory opening 21, forms an elastic circular flap 22 of the stop valve. This valve and breathing is through the mouth and nose together. But the basic breathing for a person through the nose is realized with the mouth opening closed. A screw 29 (the patient or trainer himself) is screwed in for this, I will act on his handle 30.

Geligi NJidiicinci. 1 a V, iDujjixu 1-1 g -Modifies with the central protrusion of the diaphragm-50. In this case, the mouth flap 27 moves

,, ttl.g -,. l p-t 1 t p L o D J-1 TL PGPL M / PL Ti DG ATPQ DIRN

ragmas and with its lateral openings 18. When the nose is applied, it forms a second container 23 between its body and the face, which with the capacity of the chamber and the channels of flexible hoses forms the total capacity of the dead space. This tank is made by the nasal canals 24, which are made in an elastic tide 25 with a soft bed 26 for laying the lower part to the right and pressed with its right soft side to the lips of the patient, closing the mouth opening. In this case, breathing and inhaling and exhaling are made through the nose. However, vigorous exhalation is possible 55 and through the mouth.

The ratio of respiration through the mouth of the nose is carried out by varying degrees of movement of the mouth flap 27, i.e., screw 29.

part of the nose, connected through the nose with the trachea and bronchi of the lungs. Inside this container, a mouth flap 27 is attached in the form of a rigid plate bent (in the shape of the front parts of the jaws), with a flexible part 28 attached to the mask body, forming a kind of hinge. The flap is moved to the side of the mouth with a screw 29 with a handle 30 screwed into the threaded hole 31 provided in the mask body.

Use the device as follows.

The patient puts on the mask 6 on the face, stretching it, and then releasing the elastic flexible tabs 4 and the hoses 5 so that the bottom of the nose

quiesced in a soft bed 26 elastic when 0

five

0

40

Livi 25, resting on it and resting in it, and the nasal passages to coincide with the corresponding channels 24, the mouth flap 27 would be located in front of the mouth with a gap to it (Fig. 7).

Thus, a total capacity of 23 is formed from nasal and oral respiration. The initial volume of the dead space for training is preset, for which the adjusting screw 13 is screwed down to the limit.

Under the action of elasticity, the chamber 2 is compressed and the excess air escapes from the dead space through the breathing hole 21, previously passing through the side openings 18 of the diaphragm 17.

When inhaling, a vacuum is created in the lungs and in the container 23, capturing all of the dead space and flexible hoses 5, and the capacity of chamber 2. The air from the dead space rushes into the lungs, and the missing amount is replenished into chamber 2, coming from the external environment through the respiratory opening 2 and further through the side openings 18 of the diaphragm 7.

During expiration, due to the compression of the external cell's intercellular muscles and diaphragm, the air rushes through the nasal passages and the mouth into the container 23 and then through the sockets 7 and the channels of the flexible hoses 5 to a single bell 8 placed inside the chamber 2 and displaces it there was air that goes out through holes 18

, --i

45 and 21 outward. This is how mixed

and 21 outside. This is how mixed

g, W Mr.-. g l, -, - 4 ptTf r f - 12. ABOUT

breathing through the mouth and nose together. But the basic breathing for a person through the nose is realized with the mouth opening closed. A screw 29 (the patient or trainer himself) is screwed in for this, I will act on his handle 30.

i g - With this, the mouth flap 27 moves

In doing so, the mouth flap 27 moves

l ",, ttl.g -,. l n-t 1 t p L o D J-1 TL PGPL M / PL Ti DG ATPQ SIRN

the upper part to the right and presses its right soft side to the patient's lips, closing the mouth gap. In this case, breathing and inhaling and exhaling are made through the nose. However, vigorous exhalation is possible through the mouth.

The ratio of respiration through the mouth of the nose is carried out by varying degrees of movement of the mouth flap 27, i.e., screw 29.

The mouth flap departs from the mouth gap due to the damping of its base, creating a kind of spring-loaded hinge (bending).

Swimmers use a sports training apparatus directly in the water. When swimming, the breathing hole 21 is located above the water level and the device functions in the manner already described. When the splashes and waves fall into the region of the respiratory orifice, water flows around the figured handle 15 and falls on an elastic circular flap 22, covering the respiratory orifice from all sides. Under the grip of water, this flap collapses (subsides) and tightly closes the gap between the edges of the respiratory orifice 21 and the cone-shaped central projection 19 of the diaphragm 17, and it also closes its lateral orifices 18 in this diaphragm to prevent water from entering the respiratory tract while inhaling. This also contributes to another element - a single bell 8, the neck of which rises above the bottom 9 of chamber 2. Therefore, water cannot enter the channels of flexible hoses 5 to enter further into container 23. Such sockets 7 with their mouths prevent the ingress of sputum to chamber 2 and from the back side - from the container 23, i.e. from the patient’s mouth and nose. If water nevertheless enters chamber 2 (breathing doesn’t hurt, even if the athlete dives to depth, as water will wash off the surfaces inside the tank and will not get into the socket 8) it can be periodically removed by pouring out through the breathing hole 21 .

Thus, the swimmer can use the training effect: dead space directly in the process of swimming in the water. When diving, he holds his breath in the usual way. He can groan while swimming by mouth.

five

and through the nose - separately, and it can also change the volume of inhaled air through the mouth and through the nose in shuffled breathing by means of a damper.

Claims (1)

  1. Invention Formula
    A device for normalizing the functions of the respiratory system comprising a housing with a dead space capacity of a variable volume and a means connected to it for connection to the patient’s respiratory tract, characterized in that, in order to enhance the functionality by ensuring the functioning of a human activity, The “dead space” capacity is made in the form of an elastic fur-shaped chamber installed on an annular soft base, elastic breathing hoses and harness connected and with the means
    0 for connection to the respiratory tract of a person, made in the form of a nasal-oral mask, the volume regulator of the “dead space” capacity is placed inside the elastic fur-like chamber and made in the form of a stand fixed at the bottom of the chamber and penetrated through the breathing hole made in the upper parts of it, the stand is equipped with an adjusting screw with a fungal handle and a flange with a rigid diaph Q fixed to it, equipped with side holes and a cone-shaped central protrusion for interaction the periphery of the diaphragm is connected to the inner surface of the chamber, in the upper part of the nasal cavity mask there is an elastic tide with a nose bed with nasal passages, the mouth flap is fixed with the possibility of longitudinal movement, and the diameter of the fungal pen greater than the diameter of the respiratory opening.
    FSh.2
    FIG.
    29 30 57 Fi. 9
    Yu
    77
    75
SU884455059A 1988-07-05 1988-07-05 Apparatus for normalizing the functions of breathing system SU1586709A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SU884455059A SU1586709A1 (en) 1988-07-05 1988-07-05 Apparatus for normalizing the functions of breathing system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SU884455059A SU1586709A1 (en) 1988-07-05 1988-07-05 Apparatus for normalizing the functions of breathing system

Publications (1)

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SU1586709A1 true SU1586709A1 (en) 1990-08-23

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7735491B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2010-06-15 Ventus Medical, Inc. Methods of treating respiratory disorders
US7806120B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2010-10-05 Ventus Medical, Inc. Nasal respiratory devices for positive end-expiratory pressure
US7856979B2 (en) 2006-05-23 2010-12-28 Ventus Medical, Inc. Nasal respiratory devices
US7987852B2 (en) 2006-06-07 2011-08-02 Ventus Medical, Inc. Nasal devices
US7992563B2 (en) 2000-06-16 2011-08-09 Ventus Medical, Inc. Methods and devices for improving breathing in patients with pulmonary disease
US8020700B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2011-09-20 Ventus Medical, Inc. Packaging and dispensing nasal devices
US8061357B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2011-11-22 Ventus Medical, Inc. Adhesive nasal respiratory devices
US8240309B2 (en) 2006-11-16 2012-08-14 Ventus Medical, Inc. Adjustable nasal devices
US8875711B2 (en) 2010-05-27 2014-11-04 Theravent, Inc. Layered nasal respiratory devices
US9833354B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2017-12-05 Theravent, Inc. Nasal respiratory devices

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Иоффе Л. Ц. и др. Повышение функциональных возможностей организма человека путем тренировки дыханием через дополнительное мертвое пространство.-Физиологи человека, 1987, т. 13, № 2, с. 241 - 244. Авторское свидетельство СССР № 1123692, кл. А 61 Н 31/02, 1983. *

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8707955B2 (en) 2000-06-16 2014-04-29 Theravent, Inc. Methods and devices for improving breathing in patients with pulmonary disease
US7992563B2 (en) 2000-06-16 2011-08-09 Ventus Medical, Inc. Methods and devices for improving breathing in patients with pulmonary disease
US8291909B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2012-10-23 Ventus Medical, Inc. Methods of treating a disorder by inhibiting expiration
US7806120B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2010-10-05 Ventus Medical, Inc. Nasal respiratory devices for positive end-expiratory pressure
US9238113B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2016-01-19 Theravent, Inc. Nasal respiratory devices for positive end-expiratory pressure
US7798148B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2010-09-21 Ventus Medical, Inc. Respiratory devices
US7992564B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2011-08-09 Ventus Medical, Inc. Respiratory devices
US7735492B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2010-06-15 Ventus Medical, Inc. Nasal respiratory devices
US8302607B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2012-11-06 Ventus Medical, Inc. Adhesive nasal respiratory devices
US8061357B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2011-11-22 Ventus Medical, Inc. Adhesive nasal respiratory devices
US8215308B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2012-07-10 Ventus Medical, Inc. Sealing nasal devices for use while sleeping
US8235046B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2012-08-07 Ventus Medical, Inc. Nasal devices for use while sleeping
US8302606B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2012-11-06 Ventus Medical, Inc. Methods of treating a sleeping subject
US7735491B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2010-06-15 Ventus Medical, Inc. Methods of treating respiratory disorders
US9833354B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2017-12-05 Theravent, Inc. Nasal respiratory devices
US7856979B2 (en) 2006-05-23 2010-12-28 Ventus Medical, Inc. Nasal respiratory devices
US7987852B2 (en) 2006-06-07 2011-08-02 Ventus Medical, Inc. Nasal devices
US8985116B2 (en) 2006-06-07 2015-03-24 Theravent, Inc. Layered nasal devices
US8240309B2 (en) 2006-11-16 2012-08-14 Ventus Medical, Inc. Adjustable nasal devices
US8020700B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2011-09-20 Ventus Medical, Inc. Packaging and dispensing nasal devices
US8281557B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2012-10-09 Ventus Medical, Inc. Method of packaging and dispensing nasal devices
US8875711B2 (en) 2010-05-27 2014-11-04 Theravent, Inc. Layered nasal respiratory devices

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