SI22418A - Heat induced panel - Google Patents

Heat induced panel Download PDF

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Publication number
SI22418A
SI22418A SI200600296A SI200600296A SI22418A SI 22418 A SI22418 A SI 22418A SI 200600296 A SI200600296 A SI 200600296A SI 200600296 A SI200600296 A SI 200600296A SI 22418 A SI22418 A SI 22418A
Authority
SI
Slovenia
Prior art keywords
panel
heat
fresh air
air
temperature
Prior art date
Application number
SI200600296A
Other languages
Slovenian (sl)
Inventor
Medved Sašo
Černe Boštjan
Original Assignee
Trimo D.D.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Trimo D.D. filed Critical Trimo D.D.
Priority to SI200600296A priority Critical patent/SI22418A/en
Publication of SI22418A publication Critical patent/SI22418A/en

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0075Systems using thermal walls, e.g. double window
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S20/00Solar heat collectors specially adapted for particular uses or environments
    • F24S20/60Solar heat collectors integrated in fixed constructions, e.g. in buildings
    • F24S20/66Solar heat collectors integrated in fixed constructions, e.g. in buildings in the form of facade constructions, e.g. wall constructions
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0046Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground
    • F24F2005/0064Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground using solar energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • Y02A30/272Solar heating or cooling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/90Passive houses; Double facade technology
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The present invention describes a thermally excited panel which functionally combines the operation of three different elements or devices: the basic panel, which represents the element of the building envelope, the receiver's energy and the heat recovery unit in the ventilation of the building. The heat-exhaled panel consists of a base panel, which is supplied with two counter-ventilated regions on the outside. In the inner region, which warmens the base panel, the air is discharged from the room on the upper side. Due to the heated activation, the temperature difference between the inner and outer surfaces of the panel is significantly lower than the temperature difference between the inner surface of the panel and the surrounding area. The result of a lower temperature difference is reduced transmission losses in the winter and smaller transmission heat losses in the summer period. Along the inner reef, heat is transferred between the fresh air, the flows flowing in the external region from the surroundings to the building and discarded air. In the event that the outer surface of the heat-inflated device is covered with solar radiation, the fresh air in the outer region is heated, which further reduces the use of energy for heating the fresh air.

Description

HEAT EXTRACTED PANEL
DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
The field of technology
Heat recovery, heating, cooling, energy saving, thermal insulation, heat transfer
View the problem
In order to ensure adequate living conditions, it is necessary to provide sufficient fresh air (oxygen) in the premises. If the ambient temperature is significantly different from the desired room temperature, the room needs to be re-heated (or cooled) to provide the right conditions in the room, or expensive heat exchangers - heat recuperators and heat sinks - eg need to be installed to save energy. solar panels. Due to the increasing demands for energy saving, thermal insulation is being put on the buildings, which are often placed on larger buildings in the form of panels, which are an element of the building envelope. The present solution functionally combines the operation of the base panel with the solar energy receiver and the heat exchanger in the ventilation of the building, the present invention being technically feasible and affordable.
The state of the art
In order to ensure adequate living conditions in the room, it is necessary to ensure a thermal balance with the surroundings, while also ensuring a sufficient amount of fresh air.
The problem of providing sufficient fresh air occurs mainly in facilities where a large number of people are held in a relatively small area (eg production facilities, classrooms in schools and kindergartens, movie theaters ...). The problem of utilization of waste air heat is successfully solved with heat recuperators, which are very expensive. An investment in heat recuperators is usually economically recoverable after ten, twenty or more years, assuming that no major maintenance costs occur.
A review of the literature and patent applications indicates the widespread use of indoor air exchange systems and the utilization of energy from waste air, or the use of ambient heat.
Also known in the literature are solar collectors, which, as solar energy receivers, transfer heat-converted energy through the medium into heat collectors (such as in a hot water tank). The problem with collectors is that on cold days, when the need for energy is greatest, their efficiency is low, or because of their horizontal or relatively low angles relative to the horizontal position, they are often covered with snow.
Also, the already known ventilation is carried out through a slot on the outside of the wall of the building or on the outside of the base panel which serves as thermal insulation of the building.
None of the previously known affordable solutions combine the operation of a basic insulation panel with a solar energy receiver and heat recuperator.
Description of the new solution
The present invention describes a heat-excited panel that functionally combines the operation of three different elements or devices:
the basic panel, which represents the building envelope element, the solar energy receiver and the heat recuperator when ventilating the building
The heat-excited panel consists of a base panel, to which two counter-ventilated slots are added on the outside. Inside the interior, which excites the base panel, enters (for example, the top side) the vented air from the room. Due to thermal activation, the temperature difference between the inner and outer surface of the panel is significantly smaller than the temperature difference between the inner surface of the panel and its surroundings. The smaller temperature difference results in a smaller transmission heat loss in winter and a smaller transmission heat gain in summer. Along the flow of discarded air through the inner regiment, heat is transferred between the discarded and fresh air, which flows through the exterior regiment from the surrounding area into the building. The outer surface of the heat-excited panel absorbs the energy of the solar radiation, causing the fresh air supplied to the outside to heat up further, thereby reducing the use of fresh air heating energy.
The essence of the invention is explained in more detail below with the description of the embodiment and the accompanying drawing, the sketch being part of the present patent application and shown in the drawing;
Figure 1 shows the base panel 1, the inner sheath of panel 2, the outer sheath of panel 3.
Figure 1 shows an embodiment where base panel 1 is provided with an inner panel panel 2 and an outer panel panel 3. The base panel 1 and the inner panel panel 2 form an internal latch through which air is expelled from the room. The inner sheath of panel 2 and the outer sheath of panel 3 form an outer latch through which fresh air from the outside enters. Between the racks is the inner sheath of panel 2, which can be made of sheet metal or any other thermally conductive material. Through the inner panel of the panel, heat is transferred between the discarded and fresh air. The ventilation system is designed as a counter-current heat exchanger or a cross-flow heat exchanger.
Thermal energy is transferred between the discarded and fresh air, while simultaneously stimulating the base panel, which means that the temperature difference between the inner and outer surfaces of the panel is significantly smaller than the temperature difference between the inner surface of the panel and its surroundings. As a result, the thermal losses through the casing of the building are smaller, since the temperature difference is the driving force for the heat transfer and thus for the heat losses.
During the period when a higher temperature, such as the ambient temperature, is desired in the building, warm exhaust air flows through the inner latch, where:
on the outside of the base panel provides a higher temperature than the surrounding one, directly reducing heat losses through the panel through the inner panel of the panel transmits heat energy to the fresh fresh air supplied from the surroundings, thus reducing the need for additional heating
The outer shell of the panel receives the energy of solar radiation. With the flow of fresh air between the two envelopes, the fresh air absorbs thermal energy from the outer panel. By applying additional coatings on the outside of the outer panel of the panel, the proportion of energy obtained from solar radiation is further increased.
During the period when a lower temperature, such as the ambient temperature, wants to be provided in the building, cold exhaust air exits through the inner slot, whereby:
on the outside of the base panel provides a lower temperature than the surrounding one, which directly reduces thermal energy intrusion through the panel via the inner panel of the panel absorbs the heat energy from the fresh air supply from the surroundings, thereby reducing the fresh air inlet temperature.
For the control, control and optimization of the process, it is possible to use a computer program comprising software for controlling the flow of air, if such a computer program is running on a computer.
It is to be understood that the described solution can also be implemented in a different design that does not alter the essence of the invention.

Claims (11)

1. A heat-excited panel, characterized in that two panel envelopes are added to the base panel, thereby forming two counter-flow ventilation slots, leaving air expelled from the space through the interior and fresh air entering the space through the exterior.
2. The invention according to claim 1, characterized in that air is discharged from the interior through the internal ventilation slit whereby the panel is thermally actuated, making the temperature difference between the inner and outer surfaces of the panel significantly smaller than the temperature difference between the inner surface of the panel. and the surrounding area.
The invention according to claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the inner cover of the panel is made of thermally conductive material, whereby heat is passed through the inner cover between the discarded and fresh air
The invention according to claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the outlet of discarded air reduces the temperature difference between the inner and outer surfaces of the panel, while at the same time heat is transferred between the discarded air and fresh air through the inner cover of the panel.
5. The invention according to claims 1 to 4, characterized in that when a higher temperature than the ambient exit is desired, the warm air is discharged through the inner slot, while providing a higher temperature than the outside on the outside of the base panel, while thermal energy is transferred to the fresh air from the surroundings via the inner cover of the panel.
The invention according to claims 1 to 5, characterized in that by the flow of fresh air between the envelopes, the fresh air supplied also receives thermal energy from the outer envelope of the panel, which is heated by solar radiation.
7. The invention according to claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the use of additional coatings on the outside of the outer envelope increases the fraction of thermal energy obtained from solar radiation.
8. The invention according to claims 1 to 4, characterized in that when a lower temperature than the ambient exit is desired, cold air is discharged through the inner slot, while providing a lower temperature than the outside on the outside of the base panel, while through the inner cover of the panel it absorbs thermal energy from the fresh air supply from the surroundings, thereby reducing the fresh air inlet temperature,
The invention according to claims 1 and 8, characterized in that the system of ventilation slots is implemented as a counter-current heat exchanger or a cross-flow heat exchanger.
The invention according to claims 1 to 9, characterized in that it functionally combines the operation of the base panel, the solar energy receiver and the heat recuperator.
The invention according to claims 1 to 10, characterized in that for controlling, controlling and optimizing the process, it is possible to use a computer program comprising software for controlling airflows, if such a computer program is running on a computer. z
SI200600296A 2006-12-29 2006-12-29 Heat induced panel SI22418A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SI200600296A SI22418A (en) 2006-12-29 2006-12-29 Heat induced panel

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SI200600296A SI22418A (en) 2006-12-29 2006-12-29 Heat induced panel
PCT/SI2007/000046 WO2008082370A2 (en) 2006-12-29 2007-12-27 Heat activated panel

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
SI22418A true SI22418A (en) 2008-06-30

Family

ID=39523492

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
SI200600296A SI22418A (en) 2006-12-29 2006-12-29 Heat induced panel

Country Status (2)

Country Link
SI (1) SI22418A (en)
WO (1) WO2008082370A2 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2460426B (en) * 2008-05-29 2010-09-15 Richard Rickie Improvements in or relating to insulating panels
EP2904334B1 (en) * 2012-10-02 2018-10-03 Solarjoule IP Holdings Limited Solar air heating / cooling system

Family Cites Families (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3581649A (en) * 1969-04-14 1971-06-01 George W Rauenhorst Solar heating air changing wall structure
DE3545648A1 (en) * 1985-12-21 1986-08-21 Schumertl Heinrich Air-conditioning wall with recovery of the ventilation heat from the air discharged from the room for pre-heating the air supplied to the room
JP2503119Y2 (en) * 1989-08-22 1996-06-26 サンデン株式会社 Heat recovery type ventilation device
DE4218709C2 (en) * 1992-06-06 1996-02-29 Albert Bruno Rapp Building element for buildings
CA2134168C (en) * 1994-10-24 2002-06-11 Frederic Lagace Ventilation system
WO1999043992A1 (en) * 1998-02-27 1999-09-02 Georges Spoehrle Modular, prefabricated and integrated device for heating and ventilating the premises of a building
US6178966B1 (en) * 1998-04-16 2001-01-30 John E. Breshears Heat and moisture exchange apparatus for architectural applications
GB2373849A (en) * 2001-03-26 2002-10-02 Christopher John Martin Ventilation heat exchanger
JP4342473B2 (en) * 2004-06-09 2009-10-14 三洋電機株式会社 Equipment control system
ITUD20050136A1 (en) * 2005-08-25 2007-02-26 Criotherm Engineering Srl Electronic device for controlling a fluid conditioning equipment

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2008082370A3 (en) 2008-09-12
WO2008082370A2 (en) 2008-07-10

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OO00 Grant of patent

Effective date: 20070705

KO00 Lapse of patent

Effective date: 20170103