RU61114U1 - Apparatus for the development of brain activity - Google Patents

Apparatus for the development of brain activity

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Publication number
RU61114U1
RU61114U1 RU2005140181U RU2005140181U RU61114U1 RU 61114 U1 RU61114 U1 RU 61114U1 RU 2005140181 U RU2005140181 U RU 2005140181U RU 2005140181 U RU2005140181 U RU 2005140181U RU 61114 U1 RU61114 U1 RU 61114U1
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unit
connected
control unit
volatile memory
random number
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RU2005140181U
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Russian (ru)
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Мирзакарим Санакулович Норбеков
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Мирзакарим Санакулович Норбеков
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Abstract

Технический результат, который достигается при использовании аппарата заключается в повышении эффективности процесса обучения и развития способностей обучаемого в быстром принятии правильных решений в результате использования расширенных функциональных возможностей аппарата. The technical result, which is achieved when using the unit is to improve the effectiveness of training and development skills are trained in quick making the right decisions in the use of the extended functionality of the device.
Для достижения технического результата аппарат используется аппарат для развития мозговой деятельности содержит осуществляемую передачу обучаемому серии определенных сигналов воздействия на тело обучаемого электрической энергией. In order to achieve a technical result the machine is used for the unit of brain activity contains transmits signals to the student a series of specific effects on the body of a trainee electrical energy. Воздействие электрической энергией осуществляются после передачи сигнала, в случае неправильного его развлечения, в виде разряда электрического тока, причем энергия разряда составляет от 0,05 мДж до 50 Дж, для чего используются аппарат, содержащий соединенные последовательно содержащий высоковольтный преобразователь, соединенный для коммутации с источником питания блок управления, соединенный с блоком выбора силы удара, блок управления ударом, соединенный через кнопки выбора вариантов с генератором случайных чисел, отличающийся тем, чт Exposure to electric power made after the signal transmission, in the case of improper its entertainment in the form of an electric current discharge, wherein the discharge energy of 0.05 mJ to 50 J, which uses apparatus comprising connected in series comprising high-voltage converter connected to a source for switching power management unit coupled to the power pin selection unit stroke control unit, connected through an option button with a random number generator, wherein Thu о снабжен соединенными между собой энергозависимой памятью и интерфейсным блоком и соединенным с блоком управления ударом, коммутирующим ключом, при этом энергозависимая память соединена с генератором случайных чисел, а интерфейсный блок соединен с блоком управления ударом и блоком выбора силы удара. provided on interconnected volatile memory and the interface unit and connected to the stroke control unit, a switching key, wherein the volatile memory is connected to the random number generator, and an interface unit connected to the control unit and blow pin forces selection unit.

Description

Полезная модель относится к техническим средствам развития способностей человека и может быть использовано для его обучения и развития способностей (навыков) быстрого принятия правильных решений в различных сферах человеческой деятельности. The utility model relates to the technical means development of human capabilities and can be used for its training and development abilities (skills) quickly make the right decisions in various spheres of human activity.

Науке известна специализация левого и правого полушарий человеческого мозга (Учебник по Психофизиологии рекомендован Министерством образования РФ в качестве учебника для студентов высших учебных заведений, обучающихся по психологическим и биологическим специальностям под ред. Николаевой. Изд. Сибирский независимый институт, Москва 2003, стр.105-106). Science known specialization of the left and right hemispheres of the human brain (in Psychophysiology textbook recommended by the Ministry of Education as a textbook for university students enrolled in the psychological and biological specialties, ed. Nikolaeva. Ed. Siberian Independent Institute, Moscow 2003, str.105- 106). Левое полушарие обрабатывает информацию, поступающую в мозг, последовательно (логическая обработка). The left hemisphere processes the information coming into the brain, sequentially (logic processing). Правое полушарие обрабатывает сигналы одновременно и целостно. The right hemisphere processes signals simultaneously and integrally. Левому свойственен аналитический подход в решении задач, а правому - синтетический. Left peculiar analytical approach to problem solving, and the right - synthetic. Время для точной оценки ситуации и принятия решения при задействовании правого полушария значительно сокращается. Time for an accurate assessment of the situation and decision-making at the involvement of the right hemisphere significantly reduced.

Правое полушарие отражает внешнюю среду по принципу дедукции, от общего к частному, когда синтез предшествует анализу, а левое - по принципу индукции, от частного к общему, при этом анализ предшествует синтезу. The right hemisphere reflects the external environment on the principle of deduction, from the general to the particular, when the synthesis of the foregoing analysis, and the left - on the principle of induction, from the particular to the general, the analysis of the previous syntheses. Структуры левого полушария являются субстратом формально-логического мышления, правого-ассоциативно-эмпирического. the left hemisphere of the substrate structures are formal-logical thinking, right-associative-empirical. Под воздействием стресса (в стрессовых ситуациях) (стр.77, 78, 82-83, 86) и в процессе приспособления к новым ситуациям существенно активизируется правое полушарие, а левое полушарие наоборот снижает свою активность. Under the influence of stress (under stress) (p.77, 78, 82-83, 86) and in the process of adapting to new situations essentially activates the right brain and left brain contrary reduces their activity. Правое полушарие в значительной мере подвержено влиянию корригирующих обратных связей, более автономно, чем левое. The right hemisphere is largely influenced by corrective feedback, more autonomous than the left. С функционированием правого полушария связана оценка неопределенности среды и прогноз событий. On the functioning of the right hemisphere is associated estimate of uncertainty of the environment and the events forecast. Под воздействием стресса (при стрессовых ситуациях) организм человека гипермобилизуется, что проявляется в существенном увеличении скорости принятия решения (быстрой реакции), повышению вероятности выживания (принятия правильных, точных решений в контексте данной ситуации) и повышению Under stress (for stressful situations) gipermobilizuetsya human body, resulting in a significant increase in the speed of decision-making (rapid response), to increase the probability of survival (making the correct, exact solutions in the context of the situation), and increase

работоспособности. operability. У людей, которые чаще находятся в стрессовых ситуациях (в тяжелых условиях выживания, при осуществлении работы, связанной с необходимостью принятия решения в стрессовой ситуации (например, пожарники) и т.д.) обнаруживается не просто преобладание активности правого полушария в процессе адаптации к новым условиям, но обнаружено, что происходит накопление синистральных лиц, людей с доминантным правым полушарием. People who are often in stressful situations (severe survival conditions, the implementation of the work related to the necessity of making a decision in a stressful situation (eg, firefighters), etc.) is detected not only the predominance of right hemisphere activity in the process of adaptation to the new conditions, but found that the accumulation of sinistral individuals, people with dominant right hemisphere.

Известна диагностическая система, основанная на эффекте биологической обратной связи, включающий передачу тренируемому серии предопределенных сигналов различного типа для различения и сопровождение этой передачи воздействием на его тело электрической энергией (US 6549805, 15.04.2003). Known diagnostic system based on the effect of biofeedback, comprising transmitting a predefined signal trainee series of different type discriminating and accompanying this transfer action on the body of electrical energy (US 6549805, 15.04.2003). Повышение вероятности быстрого и правильного ответа испытуемого (тренируемого) на сигнал (стимул) достигается размещением оптоэлектронного элемента на лбу испытуемого и освещением этого элемента лучом лазера, частотой, соответствующей частоте тета-ритма мозговых волн испытуемого. Increased likelihood of rapid and proper response test (trainee) to the signal (stimulus) is achieved by placing the optoelectronic element on the forehead of the subject and the lighting element of a laser beam, the frequency corresponding to the frequency of the theta rhythm of the brain wave test.

Описанная система малоэффективна в процессе обучения и развития навыков быстрого принятия правильных решений, так как не оказывает на испытуемого физиологическое воздействие (не создает для испытуемого стрессовой ситуации), такое, как боль, голод, воздействие на нервные центры удовольствия и т.п., и, следовательно, не способен оказывать стимулирующее воздействие на работу правого полушария мозга, а также развить условный рефлекс. This system is not very effective in the process of training and development of rapid decision-making skills right, because they do not have on the physiological effects of the test (the test does not create a stressful situation), such as pain, hunger, the impact on the nerve centers of pleasure, etc., and therefore, not able to provide a stimulating effect on the right-brain work, as well as develop a conditioned reflex. Кроме того, обучаемый не видит результаты угадывания, а, следовательно, исключаются его сознательные усилия. In addition, the learner can not see the results of guessing, and hence excluded his conscious effort.

Известен аппарат для развития мозговой деятельности, содержащий последовательно соединенные блок управления, генератор, счетчик импульсов, блок подачи питания на высоковольтный генератор и блок выбора степени воздействия на человека (см. патент на полезную модель №) An apparatus for the development of brain activity, comprising a series-connected control unit, a generator, a pulse counter unit for supplying power to the high voltage generator and the selection unit to impact on humans (see. The patent for utility model №)

Недостатком известного устройства являются низкие функциональные возможности. The disadvantage of this device is the low functionality.

Технический результат, который достигается при использовании аппарата заключается в повышении эффективности процесса обучения и развития способностей The technical result, which is achieved when using the unit is to improve the effectiveness of learning and development capabilities

обучаемого в быстром принятии правильных решений в результате использования расширенных функциональных возможностей аппарата. trainee at a fast making the right decisions in the use of the extended functionality of the device.

Для достижения технического результата аппарат используется аппарат для развития мозговой деятельности содержит осуществляемую передачу обучаемому серии определенных сигналов воздействия на тело обучаемого электрической энергией. In order to achieve a technical result the machine is used for the unit of brain activity contains transmits signals to the student a series of specific effects on the body of a trainee electrical energy. Воздействие электрической энергией осуществляются после передачи сигнала, в случае неправильного его развлечения, в виде разряда электрического тока, причем энергия разряда составляет от 0,05 мДж до 50 Дж, для чего используются аппарат, содержащий соединенные последовательно блок управления, генератор, счетчик импульсов, блок подачи питания на высоковольтный генератор и блок выбора степени воздействия на обучаемого. Exposure to electric power made after the signal transmission, in the case of improper its entertainment in the form of an electric current discharge, wherein the discharge energy of 0.05 mJ to 50 J, which uses apparatus comprising a series-connected control unit, a generator, a pulse counter unit energizing the high voltage generator and the selection unit to impact on the learner.

Сущность полезной модели поясняется чертежом. Summary of the utility model is illustrated by drawings.

Аппарат для развития мозговой деятельности состоит из следующих узлов: Apparatus for the development of brain activity consists of the following components:

Высоковольтного преобразователя 1 (преобразуют напряжения батареек в высокое напряжение); High voltage converter 1 (the battery voltage is converted into high voltage);

Электродов 2 и 3 (в момент разряда на электроды подается высокое напряжение); Electrodes 2 and 3 (at the time of discharge to the electrodes high voltage is applied);

Коммутационного ключа 4 (при подаче команды «разряд» подается высокое напряжение на электроды); Switching key 4 (when an "discharge" commands high voltage is applied to the electrodes);

Двух кнопок 5 и 6 выбора варианта (в зависимости от «загаданного» случайного числа одна из этих кнопок подаст высокое напряжение на электроды); Two keys 5 and 6 embodiment the selection (depending on the "the hidden" random number is one of these buttons will give a high voltage to the electrodes);

Источника питания 7 (батарейки) (преобразует напряжение питания микроконтроллера); Power source 7 (the battery) (microcontroller converts the voltage supply);

Блока 8 управления высоковольтным источником (следит за высоким напряжением и стабилизирует его в зависимости от заданного уровня); Block 8 controls the high voltage source (high voltage monitors and stabilize it according to a predetermined level);

Блока 9 управления ударом (управляет ударом); Stroke control block 9 (controls stroke);

Блока 10 выбора силы удара (выбирает силу удара); Selecting unit 10 impact force (impact force selects);

Генератора 11 случайных чисел (генерирует случайное число); Random number generator 11 (generating a random number);

Энергонезависимой памяти 12 (память, в которой хранятся результаты тренировок. На зависит от питания прибора (при выключении питания все значения сохраняются в течение нескольких десятков лет); The non-volatile memory 12 (a memory in which the results of the training are stored on the device depends on the power (when power is turned off, all values ​​stored for several tens of years).;

Интерфейсного блока 13 (осуществляет связь прибора с компьютером); The interface unit 13 (in communication with the computer device);

Светодиодов 14 индикации силы удара (показывают выбранную силу удара, т.е. напряжение на электродах); LEDs 14 indicating the impact force (impact force show selected, i.e., the voltage on the electrodes);

Кнопки 15 выбора силы удара (выбирает силу удара); Selection button 15 forces a pin (selects impact force);

Кнопки 16 «Пуск» (запускает генератор случайного числа). Buttons 16 "Start" (triggers the random number generator).

Функции блока управления высоковольтным источником, блока управления ударом, блока выбора силы удара, генератора случайных чисел, энергонезависимой памяти и интерфейсного блока выполняет микроконтроллер. The functions of the control unit high-voltage source, hit the control unit, the impact strength of a block, a random number generator, and a non-volatile memory interface unit performs microcontroller.

Кнопкой 16 «Пуск» включается прибор (если до этого не был включен) и запускается генератор случайных чисел 11 и преобразователь напряжения (1). Button 16 "Start" activated appliance (if before this was not included), and starts the random number generator 11 and the voltage converter (1). Генератор 11 случайным образом подает управляющий сигнал на кнопку 5 или 6. The generator 11 randomly delivers a control signal to the button 5, or 6.

Если нажать кнопку, на которую подан управляющий сигнал, то блок управления ударом 9 с помощью коммутирующего ключа 4 подаст напряжение нав электроды 2 и 3. If the push button which provides a control signal, the stroke control unit 9 via switching key 4 will give Nav voltage electrodes 2 and 3.

Для учета индивидуальных особенностей человека сила удара может изменяться в широком диапазоне с помощью кнопки 15 «Выбор силы удара». To take into account the individual characteristics of the human impact force can be varied over a wide range with the button 15, "Choosing the impact force." При каждом нажатии на кнопку сила удара увеличивается, зажигая соответствующий светодиод уровня удара. Each time you press the button strike force increases, the corresponding LED lighting strike level. При достижении максимального значения и последующим нажатии кнопки уровень удара становится минимальным. When the maximum value and subsequently pressed pin becomes the minimum level.

В энергозависимости память прибора хранится информация о силе удара для каждого уровня), льзователь может изменить силу удара, назначенную на какакой-либо из уровней), а так же статистика работы с прибором: общее количество правильных нажатий, количество неправильных нажатий. In volatile memory device stores information about the power stroke for each level), ELSE can change the force of impact, kakakoy assigned to any of the levels), as well as statistics of the instrument: the total number of correct clicks, the number of wrong presses. Статистика может быть считана с помощью компьютера через интерфейсный блок 13 (для дальнейшей обработки), либо сброшена (по команде компьютера) Statistics can be read by a computer via the interface unit 13 (for further processing) or reset (by computer command)

БЛОК УПРАВЛЕНИЯ УДАРОМ (9) состоит из одного элемента микросхемы и образует собой простейший инвертор. TAP CONTROL UNIT (9) consists of one chip element and forms a simple inverter. Он приводит в рабочее состояние генератор (11) случайных чисел посредством кнопки «пуск» (16). It leads to the operating state generator (11) the random number via the "start" button (16). Также он выдает команду на установление разности потенциалов между электродами (2 и 3) в случае нажатия кнопки «левая» (5) либо «правая» (6), в зависимости от того, на какой из выходов генератора (11) случайных чисел назначается ток. It also gives an instruction to establish a potential difference between the electrodes (2 and 3) in the case of pressing the "left" button (5) or "right" (6), depending on which of the generator output (11) of random numbers assigned current .

ГЕНЕРАТОР (11) СЛУЧАЙНЫХ ЧИСЕЛ содержит конденсатор, который при активизации генератора возбуждается и начинает генерировать электрические колебания. Generator (11) comprises a Random Number capacitor which upon activation of the generator is excited and begins to generate electric vibrations. Частота импульсов зависит от емкости конденсатора. The pulse rate is dependent on the capacitance. Пачка импульсов, выработанная генератором в момент нажатия кнопки «пуск», ПОСТУПАЕТ НА ВХОД СЧЕТЧИКА ИМПУЛЬСОВ. Burst generated by the generator at the moment of pressing the "start" button, fed to the input pulse counter. Счетчик остается в положении поданного на его вход числа импульсов, т.е. The meter remains in its position applied to the input pulse number, i.e., в зависимости от их количества ток назначается на любой из двух выходов генератора. depending on the amount of current is assigned to either of the two generator outputs.

БЛОК 7 УПРАВЛЕНИЯ ВЫСОКОВОЛЬТНЫМ ИСТОЧНИКОМ коммутирует аккумуляторную батарею 7 с блоком высоковольтного преобразователя 1. CONTROL UNIT 7 switches the high voltage battery 7 with a high voltage transformer unit 1.

ВЫСОКОВОЛЬТНЫЙ ПРЕОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬ 1 представляет собой блок, позволяющий преобразователь постоянное напряжение батареи 7 в переменное напряжение большой амплитуды. HIGH VOLTAGE CONVERTER 1 represents a unit, allowing the battery voltage DC converter 7 into an AC voltage of high amplitude. Генерация возникает за счет взаимонакопления энергии катушек и конденсатора. Generation occurs due vzaimonakopleniya power coil and the capacitor. При появлении индукционных токов в обмотке, на ее выходе появляется потенциал, амплитуда которого зависит от числа витков в обмотке. When the induced currents in the winding appears at its output potential, the amplitude of which depends on the number of turns in the winding. Выработанное высоковольтное напряжение поступает на блок выбора силы удара. The generated high voltage is supplied to the impact force selection unit.

БЛОК 10 ВЫБОРА СИЛЫ УДАРА (7.3) позволяет регулировать мощность удара путем ступенчатого подключения резисторов в нагрузочную цепь высоковольтного генератора. SELECTION UNIT 10 IMPACT STRENGTH (7.3) allows to regulate the blow capacity by stepwise connecting load resistors in the high voltage generator circuit. В этом блоке применяется десяти ступенчатый переключатель, каждая ступень которого означает свою заданную мощность. This block applies ten stage switch, each stage of which is a predetermined power. Регулировка происходит последовательным образом при помощи кнопки 15 «выбор силы удара». Adjustment takes place in a consistent manner with the button 15 "selection force of the impact." Положение 1 - самый слабый удар, положение 10 - самый сильный удар. Position 1 - the weakest strike position 10 - the biggest shock. Положения силы удара индицируются светодиодами 14. The provisions of impact force are indicated by LEDs 14.

ЭНЕРГОНЕЗАВИСИМАЯ ПАМЯТЬ 12 посредством внутреннего флэш накопителя хранит информацию о каждом назначении тока на любой из двух выходов генератора случайных чисел, а так же запоминает соответственное количество команд на установление либо отсутствие разности потенциалов между электродами 2 и 3 от блока управления ударом через блок 13 интерфейсный. The nonvolatile memory 12 via an internal flash drive stores information about each of the current assignment on either of the two outputs of the random number generator, and also stores a corresponding number of commands to establish the absence of any potential difference between the electrodes 2 and 3 from the blow control unit via the interface unit 13.

БЛОК ИНТЕРФЕЙСНЫЙ делает возможным обмен данными между блоком управления ударом, блоком выбора силы удара и энергозависимой памятью, а так же INTERFACE UNIT enables communication between the blow control unit forces selection unit shock and a volatile memory, as well as

позволяет персональному компьютеру, подключаемому через шину USB, управлять блоками. allows a PC connected via a USB bus, the control unit.

КОММУТИРУЮЩИЙ КЛЮЧ 4 отвечает за длительность сохранения разности потенциалов между электродами. Commuting KEY 4 controls the duration of conservation of the potential difference between the electrodes.

Сигналы могут передаваться в виде карт, изображения на которых предлагают назвать обучаемому. The signals can be transmitted in the form of maps, images which offer a call to the student. При этом процесс обучения сопровождают показом обучаемому процента его правильных ответов. In this learning process was accompanied by a trainee percent of his correct answers.

Угадывание карт может проводиться с помощью помощника, которому показывают карту, а обучаемому предлагают угадать, что видит помощник. card guessing can be carried out with the help of an assistant, which show the card, and offer the student to guess that sees the assistant.

Обучаемому также может быть сокращено время на угадывание, ответ же, данный не вовремя приравнивают к ошибочному. The student can also be reduced while guessing the answer is the same, this does not equate to the wrong time.

Обучение и развитие способностей (навыков) у обучаемого быстро принимать правильное решение с помощью полезной настоящей модели осуществляется следующим образом. Training and development of skills (skills) of the student to quickly make the right decision with the help of this utility model is as follows.

Обучаемому предлагается выбрать и нажать КН2 или КН3. The student is invited to select and press KH2 or NH3. При выборе логической единицы обучаемый получает наказывающее болевое воздействие электрическим током. When you select a logical one student receives punishing painful electric shocks. Логическая единица - неправильное решение, логический ноль - правильное решение. A logical unit - the wrong decision logic zero - the right decision. Обучаемый имеет возможность изменять энергию разряда электрического тока в зависимости от индивидуальной переносимости болевой чувствительности в большую или меньшую сторону. The learner has the ability to change the energy of the electric discharge current, depending on individual tolerance of pain sensitivity in a higher or lower. Минимальная энергия разряда, которая способна оказывать наказывающее действие - 0,05 мДж. Minimum discharge energy which is able to provide punishing action - 0.05 mJ. Таким образом, для обучаемого создается стрессовая ситуация, под воздействием которой ему необходимо принимать решение, ошибка - наказывающее воздействие. Thus, for the student creates a stressful situation, under the influence of which it is necessary to make a decision, the error - punishing effects. Существует и вторая цепь биологической обратной связи, реализованная через сознательные усилия обучаемого: обучаемый видит процент правильных ответов и ориентирует по этому статистическому показателю направление своих усилий. There is a second circuit biofeedback realized through conscious effort trainee: trainee sees the percentage of correct answers and focuses on the statistical indicators of the direction of their efforts.

Статистика по повышению эффективности обучения и развития способности быстро принимать правильное решение с использованием указанной полезной модели проводилась по группе из 10 человек, в течение 12-ти недель, в неделю по 6 обучающих дней, из расчета 300 попыток на человека в день (на всю группу 3000). Statistics to enhance learning and development effectiveness of the ability to quickly make the right decision with the use of this utility model was conducted on a group of 10 people for 12 weeks, a week for 6 training days, at the rate of 300 attempts per person per day (for the whole group 3000).

Сначала группа просто (без применения полезной модели) угадывала черно-белые карты, последовательно перебирая колоду, состоящую из 100 карт (50 черных и 50 белых соответственно). First, the band easily (without the use of utility model) sensed black and white cards, fingering a pack series, consisting of 100 cards (50 black and 50 white, respectively). Задачей обучаемого являлось угадывание последующей карты при отслеживании результата предыдущего угадывания; The object of the student was followed by guessing the card tracking result of the previous guessing;

На 8-й недели эксперимента эти тренировки стали проводиться с использованием электрошокера (устройства, оказывающего вышеупомянутое воздействие электрическим током), при сохранении общего количества попыток в день на человека (300), соответственно по 100 попыток с каждым из трех значений энергии электрического разряда: 0,05 мДж; On the 8th week of the experiment, these training have been conducted with the use of electroshock (devices, rendering the above effect of electric current), while maintaining the overall number of times per day per person (300), respectively 100 attempts from each of the three values ​​of the energy of electric discharge: 0 05 mJ; 25Дж; 25Dzh; 50Дж. 50Dzh.

В конце каждой недели проводился сбор статистики. At the end of each week there is a collection of statistics. До начала всего эксперимента средний процент угадывания группы составлял 56%. Prior to the beginning of the experiment the average percentage of guessing the group was 56%.

19 - кнопка "Пуск" 19 - a button "Start"

Тренажер интуиции (ТИН) состоит из следующих функциональных узлов: Exerciser intuition (TIN) consists of the following functional units:

- Высоковольтного преобразователя; - High voltage converters;

- Электродов; - electrodes;

- Коммутационного ключа; - Switching key;

- Двух кнопок выбора варианта; - Two choices of buttons;

- Источника питания (батарейки); - Power supply (batteries);

- Блока управления высоковольтным источником; - high-voltage power control unit; (1) (1)

- Блока управления ударом; - blow Control Unit; (3) (3)

- Блока выбора силы удара; - the force of impact, the selection unit; (4) (4)

- Генератора случайных чисел; - random number generator;

- Энергонезависимой памяти; - The non-volatile memory; (2) (2)

- Интерфейсного блока; - an interface unit; (5) (5)

- Светодиодов индикации силы удара; - LED indication of the impact force;

- Кнопки выбора силы удара; - Buttons impact force;

- Кнопки "Пуск" - "Start" button

(1) Функции блока управления высоковольтным источником, блока управления ударом, блока выбора силы удара, генератора случайных чисел, энергонезависимой памяти (сохранение результатов тренировок вне зависимости от наличия питания) и интерфейсного блока (5) выполняет микроконтроллер. (1) The functions of the control unit a high voltage source, the control unit blow, impact forces selection unit, the random number generator the nonvolatile memory (storing training results, regardless of the presence of food) and interface unit (5) performs a microcontroller.

Кнопкой "Пуск" включается прибор (если до этого не был включен) и запускается генератор случайных чисел (7.4) и преобразователь напряжения (1). Press "Start" activated appliance (if before this was not included), and starts the random number generator (7.4) and a voltage converter (1). Генератор 7.4 случайным образом подает управляющий сигнал на кнопку 4 или 5. 7.4 randomly generator delivers a control signal to key 4 or 5.

Если нажать кнопку, на которую подан управляющий сигнал, то блок управления ударом (7.2) с помощью коммутирующего ключа 3 подаст напряжение на электроды 2. If the push button which provides a control signal, the stroke control unit (7.2) via the switching switch 3 applies power to the electrodes 2.

Для учета индивидуальных особенностей человека сила удара может изменяться в широком диапазоне с помощью кнопки (18)"Выбор силы удара" (3). To account for the individual characteristics of human impact strength can vary over a wide range with the button (18) "Selection impact force" (3). При каждом нажатии на кнопку сила удара увеличивается, зажигая соответствующий светодиод уровня удара (8-17). Each time you press the button strike force increases, the corresponding LED lighting strike level (8-17). При достижении максимального значения и последующим нажатии кнопки уровень удара становится минимальным. When the maximum value and subsequently pressed pin becomes the minimum level. (4) (4)

(2)В энергонезависимой памяти прибора хранится информация о силе удара для каждого уровня (пользователь может изменить силу удара, назначенную на какой-либо из уровней), а так же статистика работы с прибором: общее количество правильных нажатий, количество неправильных нажатий. (2) contains information about the power stroke for each level in the non-volatile memory (the user can change the force of impact, assigned to any of the levels), as well as statistics of the instrument: the total number of correct clicks, the number of wrong presses. Статистика может быть считана с помощью компьютера через интерфейсный блок 7.6 (для дальнейшей обработки), либо сброшена (по команде компьютера). Statistics can be read by a computer through an interface unit 7.6 (for further processing) or reset (by computer command).

Claims (3)

  1. 1. Аппарат для развития мозговой деятельности, содержащий высоковольтный преобразователь, соединенный для коммутации с источником питания блок управления, соединенный с блоком выбора силы удара, блок управления ударом, соединенный через кнопки выбора вариантов с генератором случайных чисел, отличающийся тем, что снабжен соединенными между собой энергозависимой памятью и интерфейсным блоком и соединенным с блоком управления ударом, коммутирующим ключом, при этом энергозависимая память соединена с генератором случайных чисел, а интерф 1. Apparatus for the development of brain activity, comprising a high voltage converter connected to a switching power source control unit coupled to the power pin selection unit stroke control unit, connected through an option button with the random generator, characterized in that is provided with interconnected volatile memory and the interface unit and connected to the stroke control unit, a switching key, wherein the volatile memory is connected to the random number generator, and Serial interface йсный блок соединен с блоком управления ударом и блоком выбора силы удара. ysny unit is connected to the control unit and blow pin forces selection unit.
  2. 2. Аппарат по п.1, отличающийся тем, что блок выбора силы удара выполнен со светодиодами индикации силы удара. 2. Apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the impact force selection unit is configured with LEDs indicating the impact force.
  3. 3. Аппарат по п.1 или 2, отличающийся тем, что блок управления, блок выбора силы удара, генератор случайных чисел, блок управления ударом, энергозависимая память и интерфейсный блок объединены в микропроцессор. 3. Apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the control unit, the impact force selection unit, the random number generator, blow control unit, volatile memory and the interface unit are integrated in the microprocessor.
    Figure 00000001
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