RU40958U1 - UNIVERSAL SURFACE AND UNDERWATER SHIP "BOGATYR" K.S. Khusanova - Google Patents

UNIVERSAL SURFACE AND UNDERWATER SHIP "BOGATYR" K.S. Khusanova Download PDF

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Publication number
RU40958U1
RU40958U1 RU2004120144/22U RU2004120144U RU40958U1 RU 40958 U1 RU40958 U1 RU 40958U1 RU 2004120144/22 U RU2004120144/22 U RU 2004120144/22U RU 2004120144 U RU2004120144 U RU 2004120144U RU 40958 U1 RU40958 U1 RU 40958U1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
vessel
deck
superstructures
universal
underwater
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RU2004120144/22U
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Russian (ru)
Inventor
К.С. Хусанов
Original Assignee
Хусанов Константин Садыкович
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Application filed by Хусанов Константин Садыкович filed Critical Хусанов Константин Садыкович
Priority to RU2004120144/22U priority Critical patent/RU40958U1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU40958U1 publication Critical patent/RU40958U1/en

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Abstract

Useful. the model relates to the field of shipbuilding and is designed to lift sunken ships and submarines from the seabed, to build subsea gas and oil pipelines, bridges and oil platforms, for geological studies of the seabed and shelf, transportation of bulky goods and structures, for military purposes, in including to launch space I intercontinental rockets. The essence of the proposed utility model is that the universal surface-underwater vessel, including the hull, transverse and longitudinal bulkheads dividing the volume of the vessel into compartments, solid deck ceilings -. additionally contains two deck superstructures symmetrically located on the sides of the ship; deck overlap between superstructures is made with a decrease from the superstructures to the longitudinal axis of the ship, and deck overlap between superstructures and the stern of the vessel is made inclined towards the stern, while the bottom of the vessel is made flat, the propulsion system is made in in the form of electric motors with propellers mounted on the sides of the vessel on telescopic arms with the possibility of linear and angular movement of the propellers on the ship’s streamer winches are installed, deck ceilings from superstructures to the stern are covered with rollers for moving bulky goods, for example, vessels lifted from the seabed, with ballast tanks located in the hull and lower part of deck superstructures, and crew rooms and a captain’s bridge located in the upper part of the deck add-ons. The bottom of the vessel is equipped with retractable braking devices. Water deck guns are installed on deck superstructures along their perimeters. Cranes with telescopic booms are installed on deck superstructures. The hull is equipped with horizontal rudders made in the form of hydrofoils with the possibility of rotation around a horizontal axis. The vessel has a bathyscaphe for lifting the crew to the surface in case of
crash. In the hull below the waterline there are intakes, holes for hardening and pumping sea water from ballast tanks. The vessel has a hose with floats for air intake from the surface. On the lateral surfaces of the deck superstructures facing each other, gateway mechanisms are installed to tear off the bow of the sunken ship from the ground and lift it onto the inclined surface of the aft deck. The captain’s bridge is equipped with portholes located around the perimeter to provide a circular view in the underwater position of the vessel. The crew rooms are made detachable from superstructures and equipped with an autonomous life support system.
The proposed utility model can be used in various industries, for the search for sunken ships and submarines and their rise to the surface, for geological and other research on the seabed, for mining for military purposes for launching space and intercontinental rockets from anywhere in the ocean,

Description

The utility model relates to the field of shipbuilding and is intended for lifting sunken ships and submarines from the seabed, for building subsea gas and oil pipelines, bridges and oil producing platforms, for geological studies of the seabed and shelf, transportation of bulky cargo and structures, for military goals for launching spaceships.
Various ship designs are known to provide enhanced reliability and environmental safety. A floating conveyor is known, for example, comprising a housing with a cargo compartment, a power unit and a running gear equipped with removable retractable curtains mounted on the perimeter of the cargo compartment from the right and left sides, made of waterproof rubberized fabric, each curtain being fixed on one side to a spring-loaded the axis installed in the hollow body, and on the other to the counterweight, while at the bottom of the sides there are latches for installing the mentioned counterweights in the working position of the curtains, and the length OP is equal to the height of the side of the cargo compartment, and the conveyor is equipped with rubber tows for pressing from both sides of each curtain in the working position (RF patent No. 2086461 for cells B 63 V 43/16, 60 F 3/00, publ. 10.08. 97., Bulletin No. 22).
A disadvantage of the known floating conveyor is that only small holes can be covered with curtains, and for large-sized sea soups this method of increasing survivability is not applicable.
Also known is an underwater tanker for navigation in ice conditions, containing an outer and inner strong hull and cargo compartments-tanks, the surface of the outer hull includes a bow of a hemispherical or animated shape, the middle part and
the stern is conical in shape, and the surface of the outer hull in the middle part is made in the form of a polyhedron, flat, the faces of which are joined by cylindrical surfaces, symmetrical with respect to the diametrical plane of the vessel in which one of the vertices of the polyhedron is located, and the surfaces of the middle and terminal parts of the hull are conjugated conical surfaces, the cargo compartments are made in the form of polyhedrons, and their lining is connected to the outer casing by a common set (RF patent No. 2087375 according to class B 63 G 8/00, B 63 B 35/08, publ. 08/20/97, bull. No. 23).
Also known is a dry cargo vessel containing a hull with a double bottom, double sides, transverse bulkheads dividing the cargo volume of the hull into compartments and cargo hatches, in which one of the compartments adjacent to the transverse bulkhead is made with a continuous deck overlap and the second is equipped with one of mentioned cargo hatches, while on the deck along the vessel two beams are fixed, installed with the formation of longitudinal coamings of cargo hatches (RF patent No. 2081023 in class B 63 V 25/02, publ. 06/10/97, bull. No. 16).
Famous ships are not universal and are designed to perform strictly defined functions.
The objective of the utility model is to create a universal overboard submarine vessel that can be used for various purposes:
construction, transportation, lifting of sunken ships, geological and scientific research, for military purposes
The problem is solved in the proposed utility model due to the fact that the universal surface-underwater vessel, including the hull, transverse and longitudinal bulkheads dividing the volume of the vessel into compartments, continuous deck ceilings, additionally contains two deck superstructures symmetrically located on the sides of the vessel, deck the overlap between the superstructures is made downward from the superstructures to the longitudinal axis of the vessel, and the deck overlap between the superstructures and the stern
the vessel is made inclined toward the stern, the bottom of the vessel is flat, the propulsion system is made in the form of electric motors with propellers mounted on the sides of the vessel on telescopic arms with the possibility of linear and angular movement of the propellers, winches are installed on the bow of the vessel, deck overlapping from superstructures to the stern it is covered with rollers for moving bulky goods, for example, vessels raised from the seabed, with ballast tanks located in the hull and lower deck superstructures, and crew rooms and the captain’s bridge are located at the top of the deck superstructures. The bottom of the vessel is equipped with retractable brake devices. Water deck guns are installed on deck superstructures along their perimeters. Cranes with telescopic booms are installed on deck superstructures. The hull is equipped with horizontal rudders made in the form of hydrofoils with the possibility of rotation around a horizontal axis. The vessel has a bathyscaphe for lifting the crew to the surface in the event of an accident. In the hull below the waterline there are intakes, openings for pumping and pumping sea water from ballast tanks. The vessel has a hose with floats for air intake from the surface. On the side surfaces of the deck superstructures facing each other, pulley mechanisms of the day the wreck of the sunken ship breaks off the ground and its rise to the inclined surface of the aft part of the deck The captain’s bridge is equipped with portholes located around the perimeter to provide a circular view in the underwater position of the vessel. The crew rooms are made detachable from superstructures and equipped with an autonomous life support system.
The utility model is illustrated by drawings, in which Fig. 1 shows the proposed vessel, front view, Fig. 2 - the proposed vessel with the ship raised from the bottom, top view, Fig. 3 - the same .. view from the stern, Fig. 4 - the same, side view, figure 5 is a top view of the vessel with the location of the compartments and bulkheads in deck superstructures, that figure 6 is a vertical section of the vessel with the location
hull elements, bulkheads of ballast tanks, Fig. 7 shows the location of the pulley mechanisms on deck superstructures, Fig. 8 is a bottom view of the vessel, Fig. 9 shows a diagram of the lifting of a sunken ship aboard a universal surface-underwater vessel, Fig. .10 shows the stage of rescue of a ship in distress using the proposed vessel, Fig. 11 shows a diagram of the unloading of a salvaged ship in a specially equipped port for repair, Fig. 12 shows the location of power plants and pumps in the ship's hull, Fig. 13 shows an embodiment odema sunken ship via the proposed vessel and the auxiliary vessel from which the air supply. on Fig - scheme of transportation of the salvaged ship on the proposed vessel, on Fig, 15 is a ship with a launcher for launching space and intercontinental missiles.
The proposed universal surface-under-water vessel 1 (Fig. 4, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15) includes a hull 3 (Fig. 12), aft 2 (Fig. 8), a flat bottom 4 (Fig. 1), a deck the overlap, which consists of a horizontal bow 35, the middle part 36, having a bilateral inclination 5 from the deck superstructures 10 (Fig.9) to the longitudinal axis of the vessel. The aft part 37 of the deck floor is made with an inclination to the stern 2 (Fig. 4,5). Deck superstructures 10 are symmetrically located along the sides of the vessel. The middle part of the deck floor 36 and the aft part of the deck floor 37 have a powerful roller coating 29 (Fig.2-3), designed to facilitate the movement of lifted ships and bulky goods on the deck of the vessel 1. Housing 3 can be made either single or double. On the roofs of deck superstructures 10 there are cranes 20 (Fig. 2,4) with telescopic arrows, emergency bathyscaphes 22 to save the crew in case of a ship accident, bathyscaphes-robots 24 for underwater operations (Figs. 1–4), floats 25 with hoses 14 for air intake and pumping water from the compartments of the vessel when surfacing from an underwater position, connectors 30 for emergency supply of air to electricity to the vessel from the auxiliary ship 12, located
on the surface (Fig.13), In the upper parts of the deck superstructures 10 there are captain bridges 13 (Fig.5.7), living compartments 34 for the crew and compartments 44 with an autonomous crew life support system, including water, food, fuel, necessary devices and equipment. The ship’s propulsion system includes electric motors 15 (FIGS. 2–4.8) with propellers 6 (FIG. 12), which are rotated by electric generators 41 (FIGS. 6,7,12) operating in the reactor unit 40 Reactor 40. Electric generators 41 and high pressure compressors 43 for controlling engines and winches are located in a sealed engine room 42, which is designed to operate under immersion in water at a design depth. In the hull of the vessel there are ballast tanks 45 (Fig. 6), and in the lower part of the deck superstructures there are ballast tanks 46. In the case of using the proposed vessel for military purposes, a launcher 47 can be mounted on the deck. Electric motors 15 are mounted on telescopic hydraulic racks 28, which allow you to change the position of the propellers 6 in both horizontal and vertical planes to ensure better maneuverability of the vessel. On the engines 15 installed vertical rudders 16 to change the direction of ship navigation. The rudders 17, made in the form of hydrofoils and installed below the waterline, are designed to immerse and ascend the ship 1. The rudders 17 are also equipped with telescopic racks 28 to change their position in different planes. On the bottom and on the sides of the vessel below the waterline there are holes 18 with valves for pumping and pumping overboard water with pumps 8 (Fig. 12) into the ballast tanks 45 and 46 when the ship is submerged and ascended. Powerful winches 19 were installed on the bow and sides of the stern, designed to move sunken ships from the seabed to the deck of the ship. In order to ensure the immobility of the vessel during such an operation, extendable brake mechanisms 21 are used, which are made in the form of powerful brake shoes, deeply cutting into the bottom. The captain’s bridges 13 are equipped with portholes 23,
providing all-round visibility both in the surface and underwater position of the ship The ship 27 lifted from the seabed is mounted on the deck of the vessel by means of ropes 26. On deck superstructures 10 there are water fire cannons 32 located along the perimeter of the superstructures, which makes it possible to extinguish fires of different localization. On the sides of the deck superstructures 10 facing each other, there are pulley mechanisms 33 designed to facilitate the separation of the sunken king’s nose from the seabed and its movement to the ship’s deck. Housing 34, cabin 13 and compartments 44 with an autonomous crew life support system are located in the upper parts deck superstructures 10. From the lower parts of deck superstructures 10 these compartments are separated by a reinforced double partition 39, while one half of the partition seals the lower compartments and ballast tanks 46, and the other half ermetiziruet crew quarters. The partition 39 is made separable, while the premises 34, the cabin 13 and the compartments 44 can separate from the vessel and float independently in the event of a ship accident. To ensure the strength of the vessel, a frame 39 is made up of longitudinal and transverse bulkheads.
The proposed universal surface-submarine vessel is used as follows. If it is necessary to rescue a ship in distress, for example, in case of fire or a serious breach, ship 1 approaches the ship in distress at close range, then ship 1 through holes 18 with the help of pumps 8 quickly fill ballast tanks 45 and sink to such depth that the bottom ship 27 (figure 10) was above. deck of the vessel Then the vessel 5 in a semi-submerged state occupies a position in which the vessel 27 is between the superstructures 10, and pops up, for which through holes 18 the water from the tanks 45 is pumped overboard. When the vessel 1 is completely surfaced, ship 27 is on the deck section 36, where it is fixed with ropes 26. Water fire cannons 32 provide fire extinguishing on the ship 27 from a safe distance. If ship 27 received a large hole, then it can be repaired on the deck of the ship, after
bringing injured ship 27 can continue sailing. The separation of the ship 27 from the ship 1 occurs in the reverse order of the above. To raise the sunken ship from the seabed (Fig. 9), ship 1 is submerged on the seabed, after which, using a bathyscaphe robot 24 or divers, cables are fixed on the sunken ship and, using winches 19, the king 27 is pulled onto the deck of the ship, then the ship pops up. To eliminate the trim and maintain the stability of the vessel, the ballast tanks are filled with water when immersed in the following order: first fill the tanks 45 located in the middle along the longitudinal axis of the vessel, then fill the tanks 45 located on the sides, then fill the tanks 46 in the superstructures from the bottom up Unloading lifted from the seabed of the ship 27 in the dock 11 is made on rollers 31 as shown in Fig.11. In the case when the ship 1 itself during the lifting of the sunken ship 27 is in need of help (for example, in the event of an electrical accident or failure of the pumps 8), the rescue operation can be continued with the participation of the auxiliary ship 12 (Fig.13) . In this case, the power cable 9 is lowered onto the vessel 1, through which electricity is supplied, and water 14 from the tanks 45 and 46 can be pumped through the hose 14 with the float 25. The vessel 1 can also be used for underwater geological exploration, for useful mining under water minerals for transportation of bulky goods (ships, oil platforms), for launching military or research missiles (Fig. 15), and tanks 45 and 46 can be used in the above-water position for transportation of liquid and bulk cargoes.
The proposed utility model can be used in various industries, for the search for sunken ships and submarines and their rise to the surface, for geological and other studies on the seabed, for the extraction of useful ones used for military purposes.
The applicant seeks the assignment of a utility model name:
"The universal surface-submarine ship" Bogatyr "K.S.Khusanova"

Claims (11)

1. A universal surface-underwater vessel, including a hull, transverse and longitudinal bulkheads dividing the volume of the vessel into compartments, a solid deck overlap, characterized in that it additionally contains two deck superstructures symmetrically located on the sides of the ship, deck overlap between superstructures is made with a decrease from superstructures to the longitudinal axis of the ship, and deck overlap from the superstructure to the stern of the vessel is made inclined towards the stern, while the bottom of the vessel is made flat, the propulsion system is laid out in the form e electric motors with propellers mounted on the sides of the vessel on telescopic arms with the possibility of linear and angular movement of the propellers, winches installed on the bow of the vessel, deck overlap between superstructures and from superstructures to the stern is covered with rollers for moving bulky goods, for example, lifted from the sea the bottom of the vessels, and ballast tanks are located in the hull and the lower part of the deck superstructures, and the crew rooms and the captain’s bridge are located in the upper part of the deck superstructures nuts.
2. The universal surface-underwater vessel according to claim 1, characterized in that the bottom of the vessel is equipped with retractable braking devices.
3. The universal surface-underwater vessel according to claim 1, characterized in that water fire guns are installed on deck superstructures along their perimeters.
4. The universal surface-underwater vessel according to claim 1, characterized in that cranes with telescopic booms are installed on deck superstructures.
5. The universal surface-underwater vessel according to claim 1, characterized in that the hull is equipped with horizontal rudders made in the form of hydrofoils with the possibility of rotation around the horizontal axis.
6. The universal surface-underwater vessel according to claim 1, characterized in that it is equipped with a bathyscaphe for lifting the crew to the surface in case of flooding.
7. The universal surface-underwater vessel according to claim 1, characterized in that in the hull of the vessel below the waterline there are intake openings for pumping and pumping outboard water from ballast tanks.
8. The universal surface-underwater vessel according to claim 1, characterized in that it is equipped with hoses with floats for air intake from the surface when the vessel is in the underwater position.
9. The universal surface-underwater vessel according to claim 1, characterized in that pulley mechanisms are installed on the side surfaces of the deck superstructures facing each other to tear off the bow of the sunken ship from the ground and lift it onto the inclined surface of the aft deck.
10. The universal surface-underwater vessel according to claim 1, characterized in that the captain’s bridge is equipped with portholes located around the perimeter to provide a circular view in the underwater position of the vessel.
11. The universal surface-underwater vessel according to claim 1, characterized in that the crew rooms are made detachable from superstructures and equipped with an autonomous life support system.
Figure 00000001
RU2004120144/22U 2004-07-05 2004-07-05 UNIVERSAL SURFACE AND UNDERWATER SHIP "BOGATYR" K.S. Khusanova RU40958U1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2004120144/22U RU40958U1 (en) 2004-07-05 2004-07-05 UNIVERSAL SURFACE AND UNDERWATER SHIP "BOGATYR" K.S. Khusanova

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2004120144/22U RU40958U1 (en) 2004-07-05 2004-07-05 UNIVERSAL SURFACE AND UNDERWATER SHIP "BOGATYR" K.S. Khusanova

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RU40958U1 true RU40958U1 (en) 2004-10-10

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2676007C2 (en) * 2017-05-12 2018-12-25 Софронов Анатолий Иванович High-speed hydrating boat

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2676007C2 (en) * 2017-05-12 2018-12-25 Софронов Анатолий Иванович High-speed hydrating boat

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Date Code Title Description
MM1K Utility model has become invalid (non-payment of fees)

Effective date: 20060706