RU2665278C1 - Device for identification the levels of interdisciplinary synthesis of researches - Google Patents

Device for identification the levels of interdisciplinary synthesis of researches Download PDF

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RU2665278C1
RU2665278C1 RU2017142570A RU2017142570A RU2665278C1 RU 2665278 C1 RU2665278 C1 RU 2665278C1 RU 2017142570 A RU2017142570 A RU 2017142570A RU 2017142570 A RU2017142570 A RU 2017142570A RU 2665278 C1 RU2665278 C1 RU 2665278C1
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Сергей Анатольевич Салтыков
Елена Юрьевна Русяева
Александр Гедеванович Чхартишвили
Александр Алексеевич Бурба
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Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение науки Институт проблем управления им. В.А. Трапезникова Российской академии наук
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Abstract

FIELD: computer equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to computer technology and can be used to identify levels of interdisciplinary synthesis of research conducted within the framework of a scientific project. Device contains input registers, comparators, NOT elements, AND elements, indication units, OR element, delay element, clock generator and pulse distributor.
EFFECT: increasing the reproducibility and accuracy of determining the levels of interdisciplinary research synthesis on the basis of a formal mathematical analysis of the interrelationships of the main components of the term in question, as well as the expansion of the arsenal of technical means.
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Description

The invention relates to computer technology and can be used to identify the levels of interdisciplinary synthesis of studies conducted as part of a scientific project.

Applicants are not aware that such a technical problem would be solved. This is due to the fact that the authors developed an innovative, formal-mathematical approach to identifying the levels of interdisciplinary research synthesis, which allows one to rigorously justify that when making very unlimited assumptions, the number of qualitatively different levels differing in the depth of the synthesis is six. And after determining the number of these gradations of a concept, we begin to give names to these gradations.

The technical result is to increase the reproducibility and accuracy of determining the levels of interdisciplinary synthesis of studies based on a formal mathematical analysis of the interconnections of the main components of the studied term, as well as expanding the arsenal of technical means. This creates the ability to determine which level of interdisciplinary synthesis is inherent in research in a particular project.

Using the proposed approach, it will be possible to draw conclusions about which of the levels of interdisciplinary synthesis of studies is involved in a particular project: mono-, multi-, inter-, inter-, trans- or cross-.

As the basic components, we have chosen rather conventional and / or unambiguously interpreted in science terms for today: “established scientific discipline” (hereinafter “discipline”); “Subject” of discipline; its "method", synthetic (generated) "new discipline", synthetic, "new method", "new subject"; A “project” with a goal and objectives, for the solution of which it is necessary to attract one or more scientific disciplines.

We give definitions of the terms introduced.

Discipline is an independent industry, a branch of a science; branch of scientific knowledge; subject. Conventionally, we can assume that discipline is determined by its subject and the methods used.

A method (a synonym - a way) is a way to achieve a goal, solve a specific problem; a set of techniques or operations of the practical or theoretical development of reality.

A project is individual completed cycles of productive activity

We list the sequence of “moves” in determining the systemic relationships between the components of the concept of “ * -disciplinarity”:

1. We determine the ratio between the method and the subject within the framework of one established discipline. So, scientific research, for which one discipline is determined, determined by its subject and method, is monodisciplinary.

2. If several disciplines with their subjects and methods are involved in solving some problems within the project, but the method of one established discipline does not apply to the subject of another established discipline, then we have multidisciplinarity.

3. If during the interaction of disciplines in the course of a scientific project a new synthesized discipline and / or a new subject and / or a new method arise, then we have various levels of interdisciplinary synthesis of research.

In order to formalize the concept, we consider four sets. The index t indicates that the composition of the set changes; while the elements of the set themselves are not changed:

1. The set of discipline methods μ t = {A, B, C, ..., N}.

2. A lot of subjects of disciplines π t = {a, b , c, ..., n}.

3. The set of scientific disciplines δ t ⊂μ t × π t (the Cartesian product of μ by π).

4. A lot of scientific projects, each of which is: ζ t = {A 1 a 1 , A 2 a 2 , A 3 a 3 ..., A n a n }.

A i ∈μ t ; a i ∈π t ; i∈N {1, 2, 3, ..., n}.

Assume: μ t = μ t-1

Figure 00000001
m 1
Figure 00000001
m 2
Figure 00000001
...
Figure 00000001
m k , where m j are the methods created during the project

πt= πt-1

Figure 00000001
 pone
Figure 00000001
 p2
Figure 00000001
... ...
Figure 00000001
 plwhere pj - items that appeared during the project

δ t = δ t-1

Figure 00000001
d 1 U d 2
Figure 00000001
... ...
Figure 00000001
d q , where d j - disciplines that arose during the implementation of the project

Thus, changes in the sets μ, π, δ can be characterized by the triple (k, l, q), moreover, q≥max (k, l).

Let us define: q - the number of new disciplines; k is the number of new methods; l is the number of new synthesized research subjects; | ζ | - the number of disciplines in the project.

We define the order relations on such triples:

(k 1 , l 1 , q 1 )> (k 2 , l 2 , q 2 ) means by definition (k 1 > k 2 ) ∨ (k 1 = k 2 ∧l 1 > l 2 ) ∨ (k 1 = k 2 ∧l 1 = l 2 ∧q 1 > q 2 ), that is, it is a lexicographic order.

For example: (2, 1, q)> (l, 2, q), (1, 0, q)> (0, 5, q)

If one discipline is involved in scientific research, then this level will be called monodisciplinary. In monodisciplinarity, a single method-subject pair belongs to one discipline (and one project). Here: | ζ t | = 1, q = 0. The formula of monodisciplinarity:

| ζ t | = 1, q = 0

Mulipidisciplinary will be the level of research, during which scientific studies of established disciplines having their own subjects and methods are involved in solving the problems of a certain scientific project ζ t . In the course of the study, the methods of some established disciplines are not applied to subjects of other established disciplines, and new subjects and research methods are not synthesized. The multidisciplinarity formula: | ζ t |> 1, q = 0

We will consider the interdisciplinary level of research within the framework of one project, in which the method of one established discipline is applied to the subject of another established discipline, and a new synthetic discipline arises. Interdisciplinary formula:

q≥1, k = l = 0.

We consider interdisciplinary the level of research when the method of one established discipline is applied to a new, synthesized subject. The method of an already established discipline together with a new synthesized subject form a new synthesized discipline. The formula of interdisciplinarity: l≥1, k = 0.

The transdisciplinary level will mean that the method of solving problems is synthesized as a single for the disciplines involved in the framework of a scientific project. That is, to solve the problems of the project in the interaction of established disciplines, a new method arises that is applied to the subject of an established discipline. Together, the new synthesized method and the subject of an already established discipline form a new, synthesized discipline. The formula of transdisciplinarity:

l = 0, k≥1.

We will consider cross-disciplinary such a level of research when a new synthetic method is applied to a new synthesized subject, together they form a new synthetic discipline. The formula of cross-discipline: l≥1, k≥1.

The following levels of interdisciplinary research have been obtained:

1. Monodisciplinarity | ζ | = 1, q = 0

2. Multidisciplinarity | ζ |> 1, q = 0

3. Interdisciplinarity q≥l, k = l = 0

4. Interdisciplinarity l≥1, k = 0

5. Transdisciplinarity k≥1, l = 0

6. Cross-discipline l≥1, k≥1

Recall that: q is the number of new disciplines; k is the number of new methods; l is the number of new synthesized research subjects; | ζ | - the number of disciplines in the project.

The procedure for identifying levels of interdisciplinary synthesis is clearly illustrated in FIG. 1. The blocks depicted on it have the following meaning. Block 1 contains indices k, l, q, | ζ |. Block 2 contains the question q = 0? If the answer is yes, then we get to block 3, where there is a question: | ζ | = 1. If the answer is “yes”, then we have the level of monodisciplinarity (block 4), if “no”, then we get into block 5 - multidisciplinarity. If the answer to the question of block 2 is “no”, then in block 6 the question is asked: k> 1? If the answer is no, we get to block 7 with the question: l≥1? If the answer is no, then we get to block 8 - the level of interdisciplinarity. If the answer to the question of block 7 is yes, then this will be the level of interdisciplinarity - block 9. If the answer to the question of block 6 is yes, then we get to block 10, where the question is asked: l> 0? If the answer is no, then we will go to block 11, which determines the level of transdisciplinarity, if the answer is yes, then the level of cross-discipline is determined - block 12. The technical result is achieved by the fact that the device for identifying levels of interdisciplinary synthesis of studies contains from first to fourth registers, the first to fifth blocks of comparison, the first to fifth elements are NOT, the first to tenth elements AND, the first to seventh display units, the OR element, the delay element (EZ), the clock generator and distributes pulse generator (RI), the clock input of which is connected to the output of the clock generator, the first output of the RI is with recording inputs from the first to fourth input registers, and the second output is with read inputs of the first and second input registers, information inputs from the first to fourth input registers are inputs of the job initial information, which received respectively the values: | ζ | - characterizing the number of disciplines in the project, q - characterizing the number of new disciplines, k - characterizing the number of new methods, l - characterizing the number of new synthesized research subjects, the outputs of the first and second input registers are connected to the inputs of the first and second comparison blocks, the outputs of which are connected to the inputs respectively, of the first and second elements NOT, as well as with the first and second inputs of the first AND element, the output of which is connected to the input of the first display unit and to the first input of the OR element, the second input of which connected to the output of the second AND element, which is connected to the input of the second display unit by the same output, and the first and second inputs are connected to the outputs of the first NOT element and the second comparison unit, respectively, the output of the third input register is connected to the input of the third comparison unit, the output of which is connected to the input of the fifth element is NOT, as well as to the first inputs of the fourth and seventh elements And, the output of the fourth input register is connected to the inputs of the fourth and fifth blocks of comparison, the outputs of each of which are connected to the inputs, respectively about the third and fourth elements NOT, as well as to the first inputs of the third and eighth AND elements, respectively, the output of the second element is NOT connected to the read inputs of the third and fourth input registers, with the first inputs of the sixth and ninth AND elements, as well as with the input of the EZ, the output of which connected to the second inputs of the fourth and fifth elements And, the outputs of which are connected to the second inputs of the third and seventh elements, respectively, the output of the third element And is connected to the third input of the OR element and to the input of the fourth display unit The output of the seventh AND element is connected to the fourth input of the OR element and to the input of the fifth display unit, the output of the third element is NOT connected to the first input of the fifth AND element, the output of the fifth element is NOT connected to the second inputs of the sixth and ninth AND element, the outputs of which are connected to the second the inputs of the eighth and tenth AND elements, respectively, the first input of the last of which is connected to the output of the fourth element NOT, and the output to the fifth input of the OR element and the input of the seventh display unit, the output of the eighth AND element is connected to the input ohm of the sixth display unit and with the sixth input of the OR element, the output of which is connected to the input of the third display unit.

In FIG. 1 is a diagram for identifying levels of interdisciplinary synthesis of studies; FIG. 2 shows a functional diagram of a device for identifying levels of interdisciplinary research synthesis.

A device for identifying levels of interdisciplinary synthesis of studies (Fig. 2) contains the first 1, second 2, third 3 and fourth 4 input registers, the first 5, second 6, third 7, fourth 8 and fifth 9 blocks of comparison, the first 10, second 11, the third 12, fourth 13 and fifth 14 elements are NOT, the first 15, second 16, third 17, fourth 18, fifth 19, sixth 20, seventh 21, eighth 22, ninth 23 and tenth 24 elements AND, first 25, second 26, third 27, fourth 28, fifth 29, sixth 30 and seventh 31 display units, OR element 32, delay element 33, clock generator 34 and races redelitel 35 pulses.

The presence of only one input for each comparison block is explained by the absence of a threshold input, since the threshold is “wired” (entered) in these blocks in advance.

A device for identifying levels of interdisciplinary research synthesis works as follows. The values of | ζ |, q, k and l, respectively, are sent to the information inputs from the first to the fourth input registers. In this case, the control signal to the recording inputs of these input registers is supplied from the first output of RI 35, the pace of which is set by the clock generator 34.

The signal from the second output of RI 35 values | ζ | and q from the outputs of the first 1 and second 2 input registers are fed to the inputs of the first 5 and second 6 comparison blocks, respectively. Block 5 is configured as follows: if | ζ | = 1, then there will be a signal at its output, and when | ζ |> 1 there is no signal.

The setting of block 6 is as follows: when q = 0, a signal will appear at its output, otherwise (q> 0) there will be no signal. Therefore, with | ζ | = 1 and q = 0, a signal will appear at the first and second inputs of the first I15 element and its output, which is sent to the input of the first display unit 25 and to the first input of the OR element 32. This leads to the appearance on the block 25 the inscriptions "monodisciplinarity." From the output of block 32, the signal goes to the input of the third block 27 of the display, where the information "end of work" is displayed.

In the case when | ζ |> 1 and q = 0, the signal appears on the first (due to the presence of the first element NOT 10) and the second inputs of the second element I15 and a signal appears on its output, which is sent to the input of the second display unit 26 and the second input of the OR element 32. This allows the display on the block 26 of the inscription "multidisciplinarity". From the output of block 32, the signal is fed to the input of the third display unit 27, on which the information "end of work" is displayed.

If q≥1, then there is no signal at the output of the second comparison unit 6 and a signal will appear at the output of the second element NOT 11, which is sent to the input of the EZ 33 (to ensure the simultaneous arrival of signals to the first and second inputs of the fourth element And 18), to the readout outputs the third 3 and fourth 4 input registers and the first inputs of the sixth 20 and ninth 23 elements I. From the output of the third input register 3, the value of k is fed to the input of the third comparison unit 7, which is configured as follows: if k = 0, then its output will be signal, and for k> 0 s Ignal missing. From the output of the fourth input register 4, the value of l is sent to the inputs of the fourth 8 and fifth 9 blocks of comparison. The setting of block 8 is as follows: when l = 0, a signal will appear at its output, otherwise (l> 0) there will be no signal. The fifth comparison unit 9 is configured as follows: if l≥1, then there will be a signal at its output, and when l <1, the signal is absent.

Therefore, if q≥1 and k = 0, then there will be signals at the inputs of the fourth element And 18, which will lead to the appearance of a signal at its output and therefore at the second input of the third element And 17. The signal from the output of the fourth block 8 is sent to the first input of block 17 comparisons when l = 0. Therefore, from the output of the third AND element 17, the signal is sent to the input of the fourth display unit 28 and to the third input of the OR element 32. This leads to the appearance on the block 28 of the inscription "interdisciplinarity". From the output of block 32, the signal goes to the input of the third block 27 of the display, where the information "end of work" is displayed.

In the case when q≥1 and l≥1, the signals arrive at both inputs of the fifth element And 19 (at the first input - due to the presence of the third element NOT 17). Therefore, from the output of block 19, the signal will be sent to the second input of the seventh element And 21, the first input of which at k = 0 from the output of the third comparison unit 7 will send a signal that is sent to the input of the fifth block 29 of the display and the fourth input of the OR element 32 This allows the display on the block 29 of the inscription "interdisciplinarity". From the output of block 32, the signal is fed to the input of the third display unit 27, on which the information "end of work" appears.

If q≥1, k≥1 and l = 0, then signals will appear at the inputs of the ninth element AND 23 due to the presence of the second 11 and fifth 14 elements NOT. Therefore, from the output of block 23, the signal will be fed to the second input of the tenth element And24, the first input of which is sent due to the presence of the fourth element NOT signal. Therefore, from the output of block 24, the signal is sent to the input of the seventh display unit 31 and to the fifth input of the OR element 32. This leads to the appearance on the block 31 of the inscription "transdisciplinarity". From the output of block 32, the signal goes to the input of the third block 27 of the display, where the information "end of work" is displayed.

In the case where q≥1, k≥1 and l≥1, signals will appear at the inputs of the sixth element And 20 due to the presence of the second 11 and fifth 14 elements NOT. Therefore, from the output of block 20, the signal will go to the second input of the eighth element And 22, to the first input of which the signal is sent from the output of the fifth block 9 of comparison. Therefore, the signal from the output of block 22 is sent to the input of the sixth display unit 30 and to the sixth input of the OR element 32. This leads to the display on the block 30 of the inscription "cross-discipline". From the output of block 32, the signal is fed to the input of the third display unit 27, on which the information "end of work" appears.

Therefore, after selecting any of the six options for the levels of interdisciplinary research synthesis, an inscription appears on the corresponding display unit, as well as information about the end of the device.

Thus, the technical result is achieved not due to the mathematical apparatus, but due to the technical means (blocks and elements) mentioned in the process of describing the operation of the device, which improves the reproducibility and accuracy of determining the levels of interdisciplinary synthesis of studies.

The industrial applicability of the invention is justified by the fact that it can be used in various fields (branches) of science to identify the levels of interdisciplinary synthesis of research conducted as part of a scientific project.

Claims (1)

  1. A device for identifying levels of interdisciplinary synthesis of studies, characterized in that it contains first to fourth input registers, first to fifth comparison blocks, first to fifth elements NOT, first to tenth elements AND, first to seventh indication blocks, OR element , a delay element (EI), a clock generator and a pulse distributor (RI), the clock input of which is connected to the output of the clock generator, the first RI output is with recording inputs from the first to fourth input registers, and T swarm output - to the inputs of the read first and second input registers, the data inputs of the first to fourth input registers are reference inputs initial information, which are supplied with respective values: | ζ | - characterizing the number of disciplines in the project, q - characterizing the number of new disciplines, k - characterizing the number of new methods, l - characterizing the number of new synthesized research subjects, the outputs of the first and second input registers are connected to the inputs of the first and second comparison blocks, the outputs of which are connected to the inputs respectively, of the first and second elements NOT, as well as with the first and second inputs of the first AND element, the output of which is connected to the input of the first display unit and to the first input of the OR element, the second input of which connected to the output of the second AND element, which is connected to the input of the second display unit by the same output, and the first and second inputs are connected to the outputs of the first NOT element and the second comparison unit, respectively, the output of the third input register is connected to the input of the third comparison unit, the output of which is connected to the input of the fifth element is NOT, as well as to the first inputs of the fourth and seventh elements And, the output of the fourth input register is connected to the inputs of the fourth and fifth blocks of comparison, the outputs of each of which are connected to the inputs, respectively about the third and fourth elements NOT, as well as to the first inputs of the third and eighth AND elements, respectively, the output of the second element is NOT connected to the read inputs of the third and fourth input registers, with the first inputs of the sixth and ninth AND elements, as well as with the input of the EZ, the output of which connected to the second inputs of the fourth and fifth elements And, the outputs of which are connected to the second inputs of the third and seventh elements, respectively, the output of the third element And is connected to the third input of the OR element and to the input of the fourth display unit The output of the seventh AND element is connected to the fourth input of the OR element and to the input of the fifth display unit, the output of the third element is NOT connected to the first input of the fifth AND element, the output of the fifth element is NOT connected to the second inputs of the sixth and ninth AND element, the outputs of which are connected to the second the inputs of the eighth and tenth AND elements, respectively, the first input of the last of which is connected to the output of the fourth element NOT, and the output to the fifth input of the OR element and the input of the seventh display unit, the output of the eighth AND element is connected to the input ohm of the sixth display unit and with the sixth input of the OR element, the output of which is connected to the input of the third display unit.
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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2009148646A2 (en) * 2008-02-25 2009-12-10 Georgetown University - Otc System and method for detecting, collecting, analyzing, and communicating event-related information
RU2434343C2 (en) * 2006-02-27 2011-11-20 Телефонактиеболагет Лм Эрикссон (Пабл) Lawful access; stored data handover enhanced architecture
RU126164U1 (en) * 2012-04-05 2013-03-20 Василий Евгеньевич Сдобнов Automated decision support system for determining the efficiency of performing scientific research and experience-design works
RU174648U1 (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-10-24 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "ГАЗПРОМ ТРАНСГАЗ МОСКВА" Automated system of management of rationalization work (activity)

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2434343C2 (en) * 2006-02-27 2011-11-20 Телефонактиеболагет Лм Эрикссон (Пабл) Lawful access; stored data handover enhanced architecture
WO2009148646A2 (en) * 2008-02-25 2009-12-10 Georgetown University - Otc System and method for detecting, collecting, analyzing, and communicating event-related information
RU126164U1 (en) * 2012-04-05 2013-03-20 Василий Евгеньевич Сдобнов Automated decision support system for determining the efficiency of performing scientific research and experience-design works
RU174648U1 (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-10-24 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "ГАЗПРОМ ТРАНСГАЗ МОСКВА" Automated system of management of rationalization work (activity)

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