RU2651696C1 - Method for predicting risk of developing social tensions of local population - Google Patents

Method for predicting risk of developing social tensions of local population Download PDF

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RU2651696C1
RU2651696C1 RU2017111442A RU2017111442A RU2651696C1 RU 2651696 C1 RU2651696 C1 RU 2651696C1 RU 2017111442 A RU2017111442 A RU 2017111442A RU 2017111442 A RU2017111442 A RU 2017111442A RU 2651696 C1 RU2651696 C1 RU 2651696C1
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risk
respondents
frustration
resentment
irritability
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RU2017111442A
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Александр Борисович Мулик
Владимир Борисович Павленко
Оксана Валерьевна Семячкина-Глушковская
Ирина Владимировна Улесикова
Екатерина Валентиновна Назарова
Юлия Александровна Шатыр
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Александр Борисович Мулик
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/16Devices for psychotechnics; Testing reaction times ; Devices for evaluating the psychological state

Abstract

FIELD: psychophysiology.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to psychology, in particular to social psychology. Threshold of thermal sensitivity is determined among respondents of male and female sex of 20–30 years, representatives of the indigenous population of the area under study, frustration, irritability, resentment degree is tested by using the questionnaire. Depending on the combination of the obtained research results, a moderately expressed risk of developing social tension, expressed risk of developing social tension or absence of risk of developing social tension are determined.
EFFECT: due to estimation of set of levels of general nonspecific reactivity of an organism, as well as overall frustration, irritability and resentment among the indigenous population of the region under study, the method allows to determine the degree of risk of developing social tension.
1 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 3 ex

Description

The invention relates to psychology, and more particularly to social psychology. There are various methods for predicting the risk of developing social tension. Some of them are based on an analysis of the dynamics of the level of individual tension, through periodic questioning of representatives of the population of local territories for personal dissatisfaction with the current situation [1], others are based on the satisfaction of people with their life in general, income adequacy for life, satisfaction with work, social structure, the level of democratization of society [2], the third - on the assessment of interpersonal and intergroup relations, as well as on the assessment of population satisfaction with various spheres of life activities and their trust in political institutions [3]. All three methods are characterized by the fact that they state a person’s attitude to the surrounding reality, without offering a qualitative and quantitative standardization of the degree of risk of development of social tension in the population of local territories.
The prototype is a method for predicting social tension, based on the use of interrogation methods that capture the current opinions, attitudes and emotional state of people, with the subsequent determination of the four stages of risk of social tension (latent, diffuse, explicit and conflict stages) [4]. However, despite the differentiation of the risk level of development of social tension, this method does not take into account the genetically determined psychophysiological potential of individuals that contributes to or impedes the further development of psychoemotional and social tension in society.
The aim of the invention is to predict the risk of social tension among residents of local territories on the basis of an integrated approach that combines the assessment of the psychophysiological status and psychological state of 100 individuals (50 men and 50 women) 20-30 years of age, representatives of the indigenous population of the study area, with a permanent place residency, students or permanent employees whose professional activities should not be shiftable and should not be associated with regular bubbled departures from the region where they live, have the opportunity to freely choose their social environment, not subjected to extreme physical, chemical and biological exogenous influences, full feeding, leading a healthy lifestyle, regular medical check-ups taking place, staying in a stable, functional and psycho-emotional state. This goal is achieved by the fact that at the first stage of the study, to determine the psychophysiological potential of a person, the level of the general nonspecific reactivity of the body (UONRO) is estimated by non-contact detection of the threshold of thermal sensitivity (PTC), by automatically measuring the time of the onset of reflex elimination of the brush from the light beam, which provides a stable temperature exposure to threshold power. To ensure standard exposure, an algometer “Ugo Basile” (Italy) is used. The level of general reactivity of the body is determined at the time of elimination of the brush from irritating temperature effects. At the same time, a PTC is recorded, automatically recorded on the indicator of the algesimeter in seconds. A high level of the general reactivity of the organism is distinguished by people who have minimal values of PTC within the limits of 0.5-15.4 s, the average - in the range of 15.5-30.4 s. And a low level - individuals characterized by the maximum values of the PTL within 30.5-45.5 s. At the second stage of the study, the construction of the interval series and the frequency distribution of the PTs are made for a sample of subjects with the subsequent determination of the relative number of observations within the boundaries of high, medium, and low UANRO. At the third stage of the study, for all respondents, by means of blank testing, the total severity of frustration, irritability and resentment is determined, where the answer “yes” to the questions posed is estimated at 1 point, and the answer “no” at 0 points.
QUESTIONNAIRE
1. Do you envy the well-being of some of your friends?
2. Is it easy to get you crazy?
3. I do not always get what I need.
4. Are you unhappy with your close circle?
5. I am much more annoying than it seems.
6. Others can almost always take advantage of favorable circumstances.
7. Do you think you deserve a better fate?
8. I am seized with rage when they make fun of me.
9. I am a little upset about my fate.
10. Believe that you could achieve more in your personal life or in work, if not for the circumstances.
11. Sometimes people annoy me with their mere presence.
12. Almost every week I see someone I don’t like.
13. You are upset that plans are not being implemented and hopes are not fulfilling.
14. I often feel like a powder keg ready to explode.
15. I often take offense at jokes addressed to me.
16. You often pluck evil or resentment against anyone.
17. Sometimes I feel like I'm the first to start a fight.
18. I do not like people who ignore the interests of society.
19. You are angry that someone is lucky in life more than you.
20. I am rude to people I don’t like.
21. Does it happen that after unfair accusations you are in a depressed mood.
22. You are upset that you are not able to relax or spend leisure as you want.
23. Recently, I have become a bore.
24. I do not like people who are more successful than me.
25. Your financial situation is such that it oppresses you.
26. Are you annoyed?
27. I often get annoyed when they express an opinion contrary to mine.
28. Do you think that life passes by you (passes in vain)?
29. I quickly “boil” when they want to blame me for something.
30. There were times when I envied the luck of other people.
31. Someone or something constantly humiliates you.
32. I easily lose patience with people.
33. Envy sometimes gnaws at me.
34. Unresolved household problems unbalance you.
35. I am annoyed by people who are overly active.
36. Sometimes I feel that life is being done unfairly to me.
Then, the arithmetic mean value of the total severity of frustration, irritability and resentment in the general group of subjects is calculated. At the fourth stage of the study, the relative number of subjects with high UONRO is correlated with the arithmetic mean value of frustration, irritability and resentment calculated for the entire group of respondents.
The subsequent comparison of the obtained results with the control values of the analyzed indicators contained in the working matrix provides a prediction of the risk of social tension in the population of the study area according to 9 possible combinations of source data:
Figure 00000001
1. With the values of the indicator of the relative number of respondents with high UONRO in the total sample population of more than 66%, in combination with the arithmetic mean value of frustration, irritability, resentment of less than 12 points in the general group of respondents, a moderately expressed risk of social tension is determined.
2. When the values of the indicator of the relative number of respondents with high UONRO in the total sample are more than 66%, in combination with the arithmetic average of frustration, irritability, resentment from 12 to 16 points in the general group of respondents, the expressed risk of developing social tension is determined.
3. When the values of the indicator of the relative number of respondents with high UONRO in the total sample are more than 66%, in combination with the arithmetic average of frustration, irritability, resentment over 16 points in the general group of respondents, a pronounced risk of developing social tension is determined.
4. With the values of the indicator of the relative number of respondents with high UONRO in the total sample set from 50 to 66%, in combination with the arithmetic average value of frustration, irritability, resentment of less than 12 points in the general group of respondents, there is no risk of developing social tension.
5. For the values of the indicator of the relative number of respondents with high UONRO in the total sample population from 50 to 66%, in combination with the arithmetic average of frustration, irritability, resentment from 12 to 16 points in the general group of respondents, a moderately expressed risk of developing social tension is determined.
6. When the values of the indicator of the relative number of respondents with high UONRO in the total sample population are from 50 to 66%, in combination with the arithmetic average of frustration, irritability, resentment over 16 points in the general group of respondents, the expressed risk of developing social tension is determined.
7. With the values of the indicator of the relative number of respondents with high UONRO in the total sample set of less than 50%, in combination with the arithmetic average of frustration, irritability, resentment of less than 12 points in the general group of respondents, there is no risk of developing social tension.
8. When the values of the indicator of the relative number of respondents with high UONRO in the total sample are less than 50%, in combination with the arithmetic average of frustration, irritability, resentment from 12 to 16 points in the general group of respondents, the absence of risk of development of social tension is determined.
9. When the values of the indicator of the relative number of respondents with high UONRO in the total sample are less than 50%, in combination with the arithmetic average of frustration, irritability, resentment over 16 points in the general group of respondents, a moderately expressed risk of developing social tension is determined.
Example 1. Among the students of Volgograd State University 18-23 years old, three observation groups were formed: with high, medium and low UONRO. Each group included 16 people (8 men and 8 women), who simultaneously, using standard psychodiagnostic methods, determined the severity of neuropsychic reactivity, impulsivity, suggestibility, extraversion and neuroticism, all of which characterize a person’s tendency to develop social tension. As a result of the study, it was found that the highest values of risk indicators for the development of social tension differ in individuals with high UONRO, and the minimum - subjects with low UONRO (Figure 1).
Example 2. For the study, three groups of respondents were formed: residents of the Republic of Crimea, Rostov and Saratov regions. Each group of the observed consisted of 100 people of both sexes, 20-30 years of age, born and permanently living in the study region, selected by random sampling. All the subjects had a PTF determined, and within each regional group, an interval series and frequency distribution of the PTF were constructed with the subsequent determination of the relative number of observations within the boundaries of high, medium, and low UANRO (Figure 2). An analysis of the results of the study allows us to conclude that the maximum concentration of people with high UONRO who are characterized by an increased tendency to develop social tension is observed among residents of the Republic of Crimea. Among the representatives of the Saratov region, the largest number of people with low UONRO who are not prone to the development of social tension were identified. Residents of the Rostov region occupy an intermediate position in terms of the severity of URRO and, accordingly, the risk of developing social tension in the observation groups between representatives of the Republic of Crimea and the Saratov region.
Example 3. For the study, two groups of respondents were formed: residents of the Republic of Crimea and the Saratov region. Each group of the observed consisted of 100 people of both sexes, 20-30 years of age, born and permanently living in the territories of the studied regions, selected by random sampling. Throughout the questionnaire, the values of frustration, irritability and resentment were determined for all subjects, followed by a calculation of their total arithmetic mean, as well as the value of social destructiveness. As a result of the study, it was revealed that the maximum values of risk indicators for the development of social tension are different for the residents of the Republic of Crimea, and the minimum are representatives of the population of the Saratov region (Figure 3).
Thus, an analysis of the totality of manifestations of UONRO and the total severity of frustration, irritability and resentment among representatives of the indigenous population of the studied region allows us to predict the presence and severity of the risk of development of social tension among residents of local territories.
Using this method in comparison with the prototype has several advantages:
1) a comprehensive account of physiological and psychological risk factors for the development of social tension;
2) the possibility of a qualitative typologization and quantitative assessment of the risk of development of social tension among the population of the study area;
3) algorithmization of the testing process, minimizing the subjectivity of assessing the risk of development of social tension among residents of local territories.
Bibliography
1. Budaeva A.A., Groppen V.O. The system of early forecasting of the development of the growth of interethnic and interfaith tensions of the regions // Abstracts collection of international forum “Crimea Hi-Tech - 2014”. - Moscow, 2014 .-- S. 18-22.
2. Lapin N.I. We compare the human dimensions of modernization (based on the results of the third wave of European social research) // World of Russia. - 2011. - No. 2. S. 33-73.
3. Pinkevich A.G. Opportunities for studying social tension in Russia on the basis of European Social Research // World of Russia. - 2015. - No. 1. S. 150-169.
4. Baranova G.V., Frolov V.A. Methodology and methodology for measuring social tension // Socis. - 2012. - No. 3. S. 50-65.

Claims (1)

  1. A method for predicting the risk of development of social tension in the population of local territories, characterized in that respondents of male and female sexes of 20-30 years of age, representatives of the indigenous population of the study area, who have a permanent residence, students or permanent employees whose professional activity is not shift and is not associated with regular departures from the region of residence, having the opportunity to freely choose their social environment, not subjected to emergency f physical, chemical and biological exogenous influences, fully eating, leading a healthy lifestyle, regularly undergoing medical examinations, "staying in a stable functional and psycho-emotional state, determine the threshold of thermal sensitivity and conduct testing to identify the severity of frustration, irritability, resentment according to a questionnaire of 36 questions with a point estimate contained in the description, where the answer “no” is estimated at 0 points, and the answer is “yes” at 1 point, and at the threshold of thermal sensitivity in gran 0.5–15.4 s in the total sample population of more than 66%, in combination with the arithmetic mean of the total severity of frustration, irritability, resentment of less than 12 points in the general group of respondents, a moderately expressed risk of social tension is determined, at the threshold of heat sensitivity within 0.5–15.4 s in the total sample population of more than 66%, in combination with the arithmetic mean of the total severity of frustration, irritability, resentment from 12 to 16 points in the general group of respondents, determines there is a pronounced risk of development of social tension, with a threshold of heat sensitivity within 0.5-15.4 s in the total sample population of more than 66%, in combination with the arithmetic mean of the total severity of frustration, irritability, resentment over 16 points in the general group of respondents, the expressed risk of developing social tension is determined, at a threshold of thermal sensitivity within 0.5-15.4 s in the total sample population from 50 to 66%, in combination with the arithmetic mean of the total expression ty frustration, irritability, resentment of less than 12 points in the general group of respondents, the absence of risk of development of social tension is determined, with a threshold of thermal sensitivity within 0.5-15.4 s in the total sample population from 50 to 66%, in combination with the arithmetic mean the magnitude of the total severity of frustration, irritability, resentment from 12 to 16 points in the general group of respondents, a moderately expressed risk of development of social tension is determined, with a threshold of thermal sensitivity within 0.5-15.4 s in total sampling totals from 50 to 66%, in combination with the arithmetic mean of the total severity of frustration, irritability, resentment over 16 points in the general group of respondents, the expressed risk of developing social tension is determined, with a threshold of thermal sensitivity within 0.5-15.4 s in the total sample less than 50%, in combination with the arithmetic average of the total severity of frustration, irritability, resentment less than 12 points in the general group of respondents, the absence of risk is determined developed social tension, with a threshold of thermal sensitivity within 0.5-15.4 s in the total sample population of less than 50%, in combination with the arithmetic mean of the total severity of frustration, irritability, resentment from 12 to 16 points in the general group of respondents, is determined no risk of social tension, with a threshold of thermal sensitivity within 0.5-15.4 s in the total sample population of less than 50%, in combination with the arithmetic mean of the total severity of frustration, irritant In addition, offenses over 16 points in the general group of respondents, a moderately expressed risk of developing social tension is determined.
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RU2599973C1 (en) * 2015-08-06 2016-10-20 Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение "Научно-исследовательский институт психического здоровья" Method for evaluating risk of mental and behavioral disorders caused by intravenous application of psychoactive substances

Patent Citations (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1338845A1 (en) * 1981-04-08 1987-09-23 Латвийский Научно-Исследовательский Институт Экспериментальной И Клинической Медицины Мз Латвсср Method of determining the level of emotional stress
RU2599973C1 (en) * 2015-08-06 2016-10-20 Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение "Научно-исследовательский институт психического здоровья" Method for evaluating risk of mental and behavioral disorders caused by intravenous application of psychoactive substances

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