RU2603764C2 - Method of product making from dough shell with two non-mixed filling components, and device for its implementation - Google Patents

Method of product making from dough shell with two non-mixed filling components, and device for its implementation Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2603764C2
RU2603764C2 RU2015107858/13A RU2015107858A RU2603764C2 RU 2603764 C2 RU2603764 C2 RU 2603764C2 RU 2015107858/13 A RU2015107858/13 A RU 2015107858/13A RU 2015107858 A RU2015107858 A RU 2015107858A RU 2603764 C2 RU2603764 C2 RU 2603764C2
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Prior art keywords
filling
components
drums
test
dough
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RU2015107858/13A
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Russian (ru)
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RU2015107858A (en
Inventor
Андрей Юрьевич ГАВРИЛОВ
Александр Николаевич Куприй
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Александр Николаевич Куприй
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21CMACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR MAKING OR PROCESSING DOUGHS; HANDLING BAKED ARTICLES MADE FROM DOUGH
    • A21C9/00Other apparatus for handling dough or dough pieces
    • A21C9/06Apparatus for filling pieces of dough such as doughnuts

Abstract

FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: method includes supply of dough strips on placed in close proximity to each other and forming drums rotating towards each other. Dough strips are supplied on drums so, that dough strip adjacency length to drums before individual product release was at least in 20 times greater than dough strips thickness. At least, one of drums includes rows of cells. Different filling components are simultaneously suppled each on its dough strip so, that filling components were entering forming zone with speed, close to dough strips speed. Filling components supply is performed from two slit openings, located above drums and stretched along drums axes, one of which is located closer to one drum, and other is closer to other. Near to drums working surfaces by means of cells and adjacent to them drum working surface area maximum approach point providing different filling portions separation in product, forming of product outer surface, dough strips fragments edges molding to each other together with excess filling extrusion, and formation of closed dough shell. Dough strips fragments edges molding is carried out in form of molding point allowing filling traces, adjacent to product dough shell, enclosing both filling components, and encircling it. In other embodiment inner dough strip is used for formation of dough partition. Molding of all three dough strips fragments edges to each other is carried out so, that outer strips were molded from inner side with excess filling extrusion, and formation of closed dough shell. Supply of inner dough strip is performed in extended narrow channel, which minimum width does not exceed inner strip forty-fold thickness, located between filling supply slotted holes. Also disclosed is filling supply device in accordance with disclosed methods.
EFFECT: invention provides moulding of product from dough shell with two non-mixed filling components with filling components supply immediately on all forming drum row cells.
25 cl, 1 dwg

Description

In the presented materials, the stuffer is also understood as the filling feeder - here it is understood that the forcemeat’s tasks do not necessarily include the supply of minced meat, for example, it can serve mashed potatoes and tomato paste, chocolate paste and cream sauce, etc.
Dumplings are also understood as dumplings, ravioli and any other small ones (the weight of the final product should be less than 40 g corresponding to the indicated size) products from a relatively thin (not more than a few mm - up to 5) test shell with a filling of any composition.
The components of the filling of dumplings are understood to mean different and possibly rather complicated composition media, which, according to the manufacturer’s intention, the consumer should get unmixed with each other - should not be confused with minced meat components, such as salt, pepper, water, etc.
Filling is sometimes understood as filling components or one filling component, which is clear from the context.
The rotation of the drums towards each other means the rotation of the drums in opposite directions, so that at the point of maximum approximation of the working surfaces of the drums, their linear speed is aligned with the movement of the test tapes.
A hole is understood as the input or output part of a channel made in a certain body — it should not be confused with the word “hole” in its traditional sense in mechanical engineering.
Technical field
The invention relates to the food industry, as well as to machine tool industry for such an industry, and can be used in the manufacture of drum type machines for the production of ravioli, as well as for the manufacture of ravioli on such machines.
State of the art
A known method (RF patent 2375875) for the manufacture of a food product from a dough shell and a pair of various unmixed components of the filling, which consists in the fact that at least one forming drum located in close proximity to each other and rotating towards each other includes cells from the rolling mechanism the dough serves two sheets of the latter in the form of tapes so that they cover part of the cells, while in the zone of molding and selection of the product, located near the place of maximum convergence of the working surfaces of the drum new, mainly in the direction of the linear speed of the cells located in this zone, in the direction of the specified place from the "meat feeder" serves filling, while it is served immediately in the form of at least two separate different components in the direction of one cell or independently also in the form of at least two separate various components in the direction of one, several or all cells arranged in a row along the axis of the drum, for which supply is carried out respectively from a group of close-to-each openings of the “meat feeder” or one or several groups of such holes located above one, several, or all cells of the row, while the various components are connected to the “meat feeder” through various channels and at least two holes not connected to each other are used to release such components, and close to the specified place through the cells and adjacent to the region of the working surface of the drum provide isolation in the product of various portions of the filling - guaranteed cutting off the filling of the product with the filling, the final form the outer surface of the product and by means of the sheets of opposed pressing parts of the working surfaces of the drums of the mentioned region spaced apart by less than twice the thickness of said sheets, casting the edges of fragments of the said sheets with each other, squeezing the excess filling and forming a closed test shell, as well as an edge around the perimeter of the product, which allows traces of filling the casting site, while by means of the pressing parts located around the cells of the working surfaces of the drums located on at a minimum distance from each other, provide the isolation of a separate product by separation by squeezing stuck together tapes with the formation of fragments that make up the shell.
This method is selected as a prototype.
The main features of the prototype, predetermining the presence of its shortcomings, include:
- filing the filling in the direction of the closing zone of the drums;
- supply of filling components from the group of openings of the “meat feeder” located above the row cells (located in the area where the drums are closed);
- a cast of the edges of the fragments of test tapes with each other with the formation of an edge around the perimeter of the product.
The implementation of the first of the characteristics mentioned here does not allow leveling the linear speed of the filling with the linear speed of the cells located in the molding zone. Indeed, the filling of dumplings has a complex changeable composition, a complex changeable texture, uneven density in volume. And everything is especially aggravated by using two different components of the filling - it does not seem possible in real time to control the pressure at the output of the “meat feeder” of such components, which determines the rate of their outflow. The result of the mentioned inconsistency will be spraying the filling, marriage, downtime for cleaning the drums, and so on.
The implementation of the second feature leads to uneven filling of dumplings stuffed with various cells of the row. The reason is the same - the complex composition and two-component filling - to achieve its uniform (equal portions over equal intervals of time) leakage from the group of holes is practically not possible.
The implementation of the third feature limits the scope of the prototype method, involving the manufacture of the final product only with an clearly defined edge. As a result, the prototype method cannot be applied, for example, for the manufacture of spherical dumplings.
Technical result
The purpose of the invention is the improvement of the prototype.
The objective of the invention is to increase productivity.
The technical result achieved by the implementation of the distinguishing features of the invention lies in the almost complete exclusion of marriage in the manufacture of ravioli, which is achieved by ensuring:
- the practical equality of speeds adjacent to the test tapes of the layers of the filling, the test tapes of the shell itself and the forming cells in the zone of closure of the drums;
- close (up to 1-5 mm) arrangement of outlet openings for filling and test tapes;
- elimination of spraying the filling on the internal test tape before forming the final product;
- about the same filling of dumplings with both components of the filling;
- the formation of a casting place around a product of arbitrary shape.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The claimed technical result is achieved due to the fact that in the known method of manufacturing a food product from the test shell and various fillings, which consists in the fact that forming drums located in close proximity to each other and rotating towards each other, at least one of which includes preferably parallel its axes are rows of cells, from the mechanism of rolling the dough two sheets of the latter are fed in the form of ribbons, while the various components of the filling are fed to the “meat feeder” along different channels and for the release of such components, two holes are not connected to each other, and the filling is served immediately in the form of at least two separate different components, while near the place of maximum approximation of the working surfaces of the drums through the cells and the adjacent area of the working surface of the drum provide isolation in the product of various portions of the filling - guaranteed cutting off the filling of the product with the filling, the final shaping of the outer surface of the product and by means of the removed a short distance from the opposite pressing parts of the working surfaces of the drums of the mentioned area, casting of the edges of the fragments of the said sheets with each other, squeezing out the excess fillings and forming a closed test shell, while by means of the pressing parts of the working surfaces of the drums located around the cells located at a minimum distance from each other provide isolation of the isolated product by separation by squeezing (and / or taking the test to the place of the mold) with eplennyh tapes to produce fragments that make up the skin, the following main features introduced:
- the test tapes are fed to the drums in such a way that they lie adjacent to them long before the maximum working surfaces of the drums come together - so that the length of the test tapes to the drums until the isolation of the isolated product is at least 20 times the thickness of the test tapes themselves;
- the various components of the filling simultaneously feed each on its test tape to the forming and product isolation zone (at a distance of more than 20 mm from such a zone), preferably in the area where the test tapes fit onto the drums and in a direction making an angle from 0 with linear speeds of the respective test tapes up to 90 ° so that the filling, carried away or retarded by the test tapes, falls into the mentioned zone with the speed of the latter, which can easily be matched with the speed of the cells in this zone;
- the filling components are supplied from two slotted holes (each of its own) located above the drums and elongated along the axes of the drums, one of which is located closer to one drum and the other closer to the other;
- a cast of the edges of the fragments of test tapes is carried out in the form of a place of imprint allowing traces of filling adjacent to the test shell of the product, containing both components of the filling, and encircling it (surrounding, ringing it).
To obtain an original dumpling with a test layer inside, the following particular distinguishing feature may be introduced into the method presented: three dough tapes are fed from the rolling mechanism (feed unit) of the dough - two external and one internal, the external of which serve to form the dumplings shell, and the internal for the formation of a test septum, and the supply of the internal test tape is carried out in an extended (commensurate with the width of the internal tape) narrow channel (the minimum width of which does not exceed 40 times t lschinu inner belt), located between the slot openings "farshepitatelya" whereas through spaced apart portions of opposed working surfaces of pinch drum in the forming zone and product isolation is performed a cast edges fragments all three test strips together.
Removing from each other the said opposed compression parts provide less than the total thickness of the used tapes (two or three).
To implement the presented method, you can use the device of a double-slot "meat feeder" with a channel for feeding the internal test tape, which can be characterized by the following distinctive features:
- the device includes six main working openings (in principle, we can talk about three channels having inlet and outlet openings each), three of which are located in its upper part and are input, and three in the lower and are output, while two input the holes are for supplying the filling device to the device (each for supplying its own component), and two exit slot holes are for discharging the filling components from the device (each for releasing its component), while one (middle) inlet slotting hole is dnaznacheno for feeding the tape in the test device, and one (middle) output slit opening - for the production of such a tape;
- all three exit slit openings are located almost parallel to each other (the lines corresponding to the length of such holes in the bottom view are parallel to each other) with a parallel tolerance within ± 10 °;
- the device has two pairs of holes for the components of the filling (for one particular component one pair, for the other - the other), each of which includes a cavity connected to each other, which is supposed to be filled with one component of the filling, inlet and outlet;
- between the inlet and outlet openings for the test tape formed a channel for free passage through it of such a tape;
- the channel for the test tape is located between the outlet openings for the filling;
- exit slit openings for the filling are made on the side surfaces of the device converging to the bottom (in the direction of the outlet for the test tape), as a result of which the adjacent edges of such openings are lower than the more distant edges.
To obtain a workable device, a number of particular distinguishing features must be implemented in it:
- the pairs of holes for the components of the filling themselves are not connected either with each other or with the channel for the test tape cavities;
- said converging side surfaces are fragments of the side surfaces of the cylinders, the radii of which are close to the radii of the drums (differ from them by several mm) and lie in the range from 50 to 500 mm;
- said converging side surfaces have approximately the same radius (for example, with precision manufacturing);
- the channel for the test tape is located in the middle between the outlet openings for the components of the filling;
- inlets for the components of the filling are made round and have a thread;
- the channel for the test tape at least in its part is made tapering as it approaches the outlet for the test tape (the cross-sectional area of such a channel decreases as it approaches the outlet for the test tape);
- the device includes two unconnected containers for injection into each of its component fillings located in the feed channels of the components of the filling in the upper part of the device and connected to the inlet for the components of the filling;
- the channel for the test tape is located between the containers;
- in front of the outlets for the components of the filling device includes channels for their flow, connected to the containers for the components of the filling, the cross-sectional area of at least one channel for at least one component of the filling is not the same along the length of such a channel, and increases as you approach the containers;
- the width of the exit slot holes for the components of the filling lies in the range from 1 to 10 mm;
- the width of the output slot holes for the various components of the filling is not the same and such holes are located at different heights;
- the length of the output slots for the components of the filling lies in the range from 30 to 300 mm;
- the width of the exit slot for the test tape lies in the range from 1.5 to 15 mm;
- the length of the exit slot for the test tape is in the range from 45 to 450 mm;
- the exit slit hole for the test tape is removed from the exit slit holes for the filling components vertically (in a side view of the said converging side surfaces) by 30-300 mm, horizontally (in the bottom view of the outlet for the test tape) - by 5- 50 mm (here is the distance from the center of the channel for the test tape to the outlet for the filling on the cross section including them);
- from the edges of the exit slit hole for the test tape, the device includes tapering protrusions that are a continuation of said converging side surfaces, said converging side surfaces at the ends of said protrusions form sharp ribs;
- the device includes fasteners designed for its installation and rigid fixation on a drum-type machine for manufacturing the product directly above both drums so that the said protrusions are just above the point of maximum approximation of the working surfaces of the drums;
- as the above-mentioned fasteners, the device includes two holes and two grooves designed to accommodate threaded parts, the holes being located in the uppermost part of the device in front and the grooves in the uppermost part in the back;
- the device is made of a material with low heat capacity and / or thermal conductivity.
Artwork
The description of the invention is accompanied by one FIG.
In FIG. shows a section of one of the embodiments of the presented "meat feeder", which can be made by molding, for example, under pressure or which can be composed of various parts (in Fig. the boundaries between such parts are not indicated).
FIG. given to illustrate the relative positioning of the functional elements of the "meat feeder".
In FIG. The following notation is accepted:
1 - a fragment of the channel connecting the left pair of holes for the components of the filling - the inlet and outlet of the cavity, which is supposed to be filled with a specific component of the filling, it is also a fragment of the channel connecting the left outlet for the component of the filling with the left capacity for pumping such a component, the transverse area the cross section of which increases as you approach this capacity;
2 - channel wall for test tape;
3 - the left capacity located at the top of the “meat feeder” for injecting the filling component into it, which is connected by the cavity with the inlet (after the “meat feeder” is installed on the machine and the filling hoses are connected to it, this capacity may not be connected with such a hole; this is true for this design of the “meat feeder”, but is not necessary, since the fitting for connecting the hose from the meat pump can be made at the same time as the “meat feeder”);
4 - one of the main working openings, namely one of a pair of threaded round inlets, specifically, the left inlet for the filling component, designed to inlet one of the filling components (presumably, but not necessarily different in composition from the other component), generally , this hole is intended for screwing a fitting into it, to which a hose is attached, connected to a stuffing pump (or a filling pump), however, the compiler of the materials presented considered it permissible to name such a hole opening for filling component because from the viewpoint of the device represented in its function and as such it is (i.e., the filling component does not have to touch the edges of the openings) - see also last point to 3;.
5 - tapering to the bottom (to the outlet for the test tape) along its entire length, a channel for free passage of the test tape through it, formed between the inlet and outlet openings for the test tape and located, for example, in the middle between the outlet openings for the components of the filling (and between the inlets for the components of the filling and between the storage tanks for the components of the filling, if any, in the "meat feeder");
6 - one of the main working holes, namely the inlet for the internal test tape (the use of this hole is not necessary);
7 - the right inlet for the filling component, similar to the left one, not connected with it (it is noteworthy that the use of both inlets for the filling components at the same time is optional - just dumplings with one filling component will be obtained);
8 - the right container for injection into it the component of the filling, similar to the left (the use of both containers is not necessary);
9 - the upper part of the “stuffer” (this part is at the top when installing the “stuffer” on the machine - the test tape is fed from above, the hoses from the stuffing pump also fit from above);
10 - channel wall for the filling component;
11 - the outlet of the channel for the component of the filling, preferably made with the same cross-sectional area;
12 - the right side of the “meat feeder” converging downward from the opposite surface, made in the form of a part of a cylinder whose radius is approximately equal to (preferably 0.5-10 mm more than the radius) of the cylindrical surface of the forming drums of the machine on which the “meat feeder” is supposed to be used;
13 - the back of the "meat feeder";
14 - fastener of the “meat feeder” - a hole for passing through it attracting the last bolt to the machine;
15 - the lower part of the “meat feeder”, starting where the side surfaces of the device converging to the bottom begin;
16 is one of the main working openings, namely one of the slit-like outlet openings, specifically, the right outlet for the filling component, intended for direct discharge of one of the filling components, the composition of which corresponds to the composition of the filling component supplied to the opening 7;
17 - adjacent to each other edges of the outlet for the components of the filling, located below those edges of such holes that are located further from each other (it is noteworthy that the components of the filling do not have to touch the edges of such holes);
18 - a protrusion (down) located on the rear edge of the outlet for the test tape, which is formed by the converging side surfaces of the meat feeder;
19 - a sharp rib of the protrusion - the intersection of the converging lateral surfaces of the "meat feeder";
20 - one of the main working holes, namely the outlet for the internal test tape (if the test tape is not supplied to hole 6, then, of course, it will not be on this hole);
21 - the left side surface of the “meat feeder” converging to the bottom with a similar right surface, made in the form of a part of a cylinder whose radius is approximately equal to the radius of the cylindrical surface of the forming drums of the machine on which the “meat feeder” is supposed to be used;
22 - left outlet for the filling component, similar to the right one and not necessarily located at the same height with it (if the last hole is not supplied to any inlet for the filling component, it will not be in the corresponding outlet);
B is the width of the exit slot for the test tape, preferably B should be greater than b 1 and b 2 .
b 1 is the width of the left output slot for the filling component;
b 2 is the width of the right exit slot for the filling component (b 1 is not necessarily equal to b 2 );
L is the length of the exit slot for the test tape, preferably L should be greater than l;
l is the length of the right exit slot for the filling component (l is not necessarily equal to the length of the left output slot for the filling component);
M - metric thread;
R 1 is the radius of the cylinder, a fragment of which is the left side surface of the “meat feeder” converging with the opposite surface;
R 2 is the radius of the cylinder, a fragment of which is the right side surface of the “meat feeder” converging with the opposite surface (R 1 is not necessarily equal to R 2 );
x 1 - horizontal removal of the outlet for the test tape from the left outlet for the filling component;
x 2 - horizontal removal of the outlet for the test tape from the right outlet for the filling component (x 1 is not necessarily x 2 );
y - vertical removal of the outlet for the test tape from the left outlet for the filling component (y is not necessarily equal to the vertical removal of the outlet for the test tape from the right outlet for the filling).
Information about the feasibility of implementing a utility model
The presented method of manufacturing a food product from the test shell and various fillings can be implemented as follows.
On the forming drums located in close proximity to each other and rotating towards each other, at least one of which includes preferably rows of cells parallel to its axis, two sheets of the latter are fed from the dough rolling mechanism in the form of ribbons.
The various components of the filling to the "meat feeder" are fed through various channels and two holes not connected to each other are used to release such components.
The filling is served immediately in the form of at least two separate different components.
Near the place of maximum approximation of the working surfaces of the drums by means of the cells and the adjacent area of the working surface of the drum, isolation of various portions of the filling in the product is ensured - guaranteed cutting off the filling of the product with the filling.
The final shaping of the outer surface of the product is also performed there.
By means of opposed pressing parts of the working surfaces of the drums of the above-mentioned areas that are removed from each other by a small distance, the edges of the fragments of the said sheets are imprinted with each other to extrude the excess filling and form a closed test shell.
By means of the pressing parts of the working surfaces of the drums located around the cells that are located at a minimum distance from each other, the isolation of the isolated product is achieved by separation by pressing and / or removal of the dough to the place of impression of the taped tapes with the formation of fragments that make up the shell.
At the same time, the test tapes are fed to the drums in such a way that they fit (not necessarily tightly) to them long before the maximum working surfaces of the drums come together - so that the length of the test tapes to the drums until the isolation of the isolated product is at least 20 times the thickness of the test tapes themselves .
The various components of the filling simultaneously feed each on its test tape to the forming and product isolation zone (at a distance of more than 20 mm from such a zone) so that the filling carried away or retarded by the test tapes gets into the said zone at a speed of the latter (or at a speed close to such), which can easily be matched with the speed of cells in this zone.
The filling is carried out from two slotted holes located above the drums and elongated along the axes of the drums, one of which is located closer to one drum and the other closer to the other.
The casting of the edges of fragments of test tapes is carried out in the form of a place of imprint that allows traces of filling, adjacent to the test shell of the product, which contains both components of the filling, and encircles it.
From the rolling mechanism (feed unit) of the test, three test tapes can be fed - two external and one internal.
At the same time, the outer tapes are intended for the formation of a dumpling shell, and the inner one is for the formation of a test layer - a partition separating the two filling chambers in the final product.
The internal test tape is fed in a long (comparable to the width of the inner tape) narrow channel (the minimum width of which does not exceed 40 times the thickness of the inner tape) located between the slotted openings of the “meat feeder”.
In the case of three test tapes, by means of opposed opposing pressing parts of the working surfaces of the drums removed from each other in the molding and product isolation zone, the edges of the fragments of all three test tapes are cast together so that the outer tapes are stuck together with the inner one.
Removing from each other the said opposed squeezing parts of the drums provides less than the total thickness of the used tapes (two or three).
Presented "farmer" can be arranged as follows.
It should include six main working holes 4, 6, 7, 16, 20, 22, the first three of which are located in its upper part and are input, and the last three in the lower 15 and are output.
At the same time, two inlet openings 4 and 7 are intended for supplying a filling into the device, and two outlet slit openings 16 and 22 for discharging the filling from the device, while one inlet slot 6 is for supplying a test tape to the device, and one outlet slot 20 - for the release of such a tape.
All three exit slit openings are located almost parallel to each other (the lines corresponding to the length of such holes are parallel to each other in the bottom view) with a parallel tolerance within ± 10 °.
The device has two pairs of holes for the filling 4, 22 and 7, 16, each of which includes inlet and outlet openings connected to each other by a cavity.
So, the left pair of such holes is connected by a cavity with a fragment 1.
A channel 5 with a wall 2 is formed between the inlet and outlet openings for the test tape for free passage of such a tape through it.
The channel for the test tape is located between the outlet openings for the filling.
The outlet slots for the filling are made on the lateral surfaces of the device 12 and 21 converging to the bottom (in the direction of the outlet for the test tape), as a result of which the adjacent edges of such holes 17 are lower than the more distant edges.
The aforementioned pairs of holes for the filling are not connected by cavities either with each other or with the channel for the test tape.
Mentioned converging lateral surfaces may be fragments of the lateral surfaces of the cylinders, the radii R 1 and R 2 of which lie in the range from 50 to 500 mm.
Mentioned converging side surfaces may have the same radius.
The channel for the test tape may be located in the middle between the filling outlets.
The inlet for the filling can be made round and have an M thread.
The channel for the test tape in at least one of its parts can be made tapering as it approaches the outlet for the test tape.
The “meat feeder” may include two unconnected containers 3 and 8 for pumping the filling, located in the upper part 9 of the device and connected to the inlet for the filling.
The channel for the test tape should be located between the containers.
In front of the outlet openings for the filling, the device may include channels for its flow with type 10 walls connected to the filling containers. Moreover, the cross-sectional area of each such channel may not be the same along the length of the channels, but increases as it approaches the tanks (decreases with distance from the tanks).
The outlet part 11 of such channels can be made with a constant cross-sectional area.
The width of the outlet slots b 1 and b 2 for the filling should be in the range from 1 to 10 mm. However, it may not be the same, and such holes themselves can be located at different heights.
The length l of the output slot holes for the filling should lie in the range from 30 to 300 mm.
The width B of the exit slot for the test tape is in the range of 1.5 to 15 mm, and its length L is in the range of 45 to 450 mm.
The exit slit hole for the test tape should be removed from the exit slit openings for the filling vertically (in a side view of the said converging side surfaces) by a distance x 1 and x 2 lying within 30-300 mm, and horizontally (from the bottom on the outlet for the test tape) - on y - 5-50 mm (the distance from the center of the channel for the test tape to the outlet for the filling on the cross section including them is indicated here).
From the edges of the slit outlet for the test tape, the “meat feeder” may include tapering protrusions of type 18, which are a continuation of said convergent side surfaces, said converging side surfaces at the ends of said protrusions form sharp ribs 19.
The “meat feeder” may include type 14 fasteners designed for its installation and rigid fixation on a machine for making drum-type dumplings directly above both drums so that the said protrusions are just above the point of maximum convergence of the working surfaces of the drums.
As the mentioned fasteners, the device may include two holes and two grooves designed to accommodate threaded parts, the holes being located in the upper part of the device in front, and the grooves in the upper rear part 13.
The meat feeder or its parts should be made of a material with low heat capacity and / or thermal conductivity - of hard wood, plastic, fluoroplastic, etc., which eliminates fogging.
The best version of the implementation of the "meat feeder"
B lies in the range of 5 to 9 mm.
b 1 = b 2 and lies in the range from 3 to 5 mm.
L lies in the range from 120 to 140 mm.
l lies in the range from 50 to 60 mm.
M corresponds to thread M20-M30.
R 1 = R 2 and lies in the range from 100 to 130 mm.
x 1 = x 2 and lies in the range from 12 to 32 mm.
y ranges from 30 to 60 mm.
The work of the machine with the presented "mincer"
Being installed on the machine in the manner indicated above and connected to the stuffing pumps, the “meat feeder” is ready for operation.
Turn on the machine.
Achieve receipts from the dough sheeter test tapes, which are manually sent to the drums.
If three test tapes are used, then the inner one is manually sent to the channel for the test tape.
Achieve the correct operation of the drums and the correct position of the test tapes on them.
Include a stuffing pump.
Using the methods described above, dumplings are obtained with two different portions of the filling, separated by a test partition or not divided.
In the case of the manufacture of traditional dumplings, one minced pump is not turned on, or filling of the same composition is fed through both filling channels.
The relationship of distinctive features with the claimed technical result
The relationship of the distinguishing features with the claimed technical result, in the opinion of the compiler of the presented material, is obvious.
Indeed, the supply of test tapes to the drums so that they are adjacent to the drums long before the maximum convergence of their working surfaces provides the possibility of matching the linear speed of the test tapes and the outer working surface of the drums.
The filing of the filling on the test tape to the forming zone and the selection of the product provides equalization of the speed of the filling and test tapes, and, therefore, the filling and the outer working surface of the drums.
The supply of a specific component of the filling to all cells of the row from the slotted hole significantly reduces the variability of filling the final product with the filling, since all the heterogeneities of the filling are leveled - they are smoothed in proportion to the ratio of the area of the slot to the area of a single hole corresponding to the stuffer used in the prototype, i.e. ten times.
It should be emphasized here that for the supply of two components of the filling, slotted holes are the only solution that guarantees non-mixing of the components, as well as eliminating the rupture of the test partition!
The location of the outlet openings for the filling directly above the test tapes practically eliminates the spraying of the filling, and the use of a dedicated channel for the internal test tape that is not connected to the filling supply channels fundamentally solves the issue of protecting such a tape from the spray of the filling.
The method and the corresponding device have been successfully tested at the Shchelkovo IPC.

Claims (25)

1. A method of manufacturing a food product from the test shell and a pair of various unmixed components of the filling, which consists in the fact that the forming drums located in close proximity to each other and rotating towards each other, at least one of which includes rows of cells, from the dough rolling mechanism two sheets of the latter are fed in the form of tapes, while the various components of the filling to the meat feeder / filling machine, then to the meat feeder, are fed through various channels and are used to release such components holes, and the filling is served immediately in the form of at least two separate different components, while near the point of maximum approximation of the working surfaces of the drums through the cells and the adjacent area of the working surface of the drum, isolation of various portions of the filling in the product is ensured - guaranteed cutting off the filling of the product with the filling, final shaping of the outer surface of the product and by means of the opposing pressing parts remote from each other by a small distance of the surface of the drums of the mentioned region, a cast of the edges of the fragments of the said tapes with each other, squeezing out the excess filling and forming a closed test shell, while by means of the pressing parts of the drum working surfaces located around the cells at a minimum distance from each other, the isolation of the isolated product by separation by crushing taped tapes with the formation of fragments that make up the shell, characterized in that the test tape serves n the drums in such a way that they adjoin them long before the point of maximum approximation of the working surfaces of the drums - so that the length of the test tapes to the drums until the isolation of the isolated product is at least 20 times the thickness of the test tapes themselves, while the various components of the filling simultaneously serve each on its own the test tape to the forming and isolating zone of the product so that the filling components entrained or inhibited by the test tapes get into the said zone at a speed close to the last they, and the components of the filling are supplied from two slotted holes - each component from its hole located above the drums and elongated along the axes of the drums, one of which is closer to one drum and the other closer to the other, at the same time a cast of the edges of the fragments test tapes are carried out in the form of a place of imprint allowing traces of filling adjacent to the test shell of the product, enclosing both components of the filling, and encircled by it.
2. A method of manufacturing a food product from a dough shell and a pair of various unmixed components of the filling, which consists in the fact that forming drums located in close proximity to each other and rotating towards each other, at least one of which includes rows of cells, from the dough rolling mechanism serves three test tapes - two external and one internal, the external of which serve to form the product shell, and the internal - to form the test septum, while the various components of the fillings they are fed to the meat-feeder through various channels and two holes are used to release such components, the filling being served immediately in the form of at least two separate different components, while near the place of maximum approximation of the working surfaces of the drums, the cells and the adjacent working surface of the drum provide isolation the product of various portions of the filling - guaranteed cutting off the filling of the product with the filling, the final shaping of the outer surface of the product and ohm of the opposing pressing parts of the working surfaces of the drums of the mentioned region that are remote from each other by a small distance, a cast of the edges of the fragments of all three test tapes between themselves so that the outer tapes are stuck together with the extrusion of excess filling and the formation of a closed test shell, while using around the cells of the crushing parts of the working surfaces of the drums located at a minimum distance from each other, provide isolation of the product by separation by squeezing stuck together tapes with the formation of fragments that make up the shell, characterized in that the supply of the inner test tape is carried out in an extended narrow channel, the minimum width of which does not exceed forty times the thickness of the inner tape located between the slotted openings of the meat feeder, the external test tape is fed to drums in such a way that they adjoin them long before the place of maximum approximation of the working surfaces of the drums - so that the fit length t the test tapes to the drums before isolating the isolated product were at least 20 times the thickness of the test tapes themselves, while the various components of the filling simultaneously fed each to their test tape to the forming and product isolation zones so that the filling components carried away or braked into the said zone test tapes, fell at a speed close to the speed of the latter, and the components of the filling are supplied from two slotted holes - each component from its hole located above the drums and elongated along the axes of the drums, one of which is located closer to one drum, and the other closer to the other, at the same time, the impression of the edges of the fragments of test tapes is carried out in the form of a place of impression that allows traces of filling, adjacent to the test shell of the product, which contains both component of the filling, and encircling it.
3. The method according to p. 2, characterized in that the removal from each other of the said opposed compressive parts provide less than the total thickness of the tapes used.
4. The device of the meat feeder / filling feeder, further - the meat feeder, with a channel for feeding the internal test tape, intended for the implementation of the methods of claim 1 or 2, characterized in that it includes six main working holes, three of which are located in its upper part and are input, and three are at the bottom and are output, while two inlet openings are intended for supplying filling components to the device, each opening for its component, and two exit slit openings for exhausting components strips from the device, each hole for its component, while one inlet slit hole is intended for supplying a test tape to the device, and one outlet slit hole is for releasing such a tape, while all three outlet slit holes are located almost parallel to each other with a tolerance of parallelism, lying within ± 10 °, moreover, two pairs of holes for filling components are distinguished in the device - for one particular component one pair, each of which includes a cavity connected to each other , which is supposed to be filled with one component of the filling, the inlet and outlet, while between the inlet and outlet for the test tape there is a channel for free passage of such a tape through it and such a channel is located between the outlet for the components of the filling, whereas outlet slots for the components of the filling are made on the side surfaces of the device converging downward, as a result of which the edges of such holes closest to each other are lower than those more distant from each other and edges.
5. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the pairs of holes for the components of the filling themselves are not connected by cavities either with each other or with the channel for the test tape.
6. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the said converging side surfaces are fragments of the side surfaces of the cylinders, the radii of which lie in the range from 50 to 500 mm
7. The device according to p. 6, characterized in that the said converging side surfaces have the same radius.
8. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the channel for the test tape is located in the middle between the outlets for the components of the filling.
9. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the inlets for the components of the filling are made round and have a thread.
10. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the channel for the test tape in at least one of its parts is made tapering as it approaches the outlet for the test tape.
11. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that it includes two unconnected containers for injection into each component of the filling, located in the upper part of the device and connected to the respective inlets for the components of the filling.
12. The device according to p. 11, characterized in that the channel for the test tape is located between the containers.
13. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that in front of the outlet for the components of the filling device includes channels for their flow, connected to containers for components of the filling.
14. The device according to p. 13, characterized in that the cross-sectional area of at least one channel for at least one component of the filling is not the same along the length of such a channel, but increases as it approaches the containers.
15. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the width of the output slots for the components of the filling lies in the range from 1 to 10 mm.
16. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the width of the output slot holes for the various components of the filling is not the same and such holes are located at different heights.
17. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the length of the output slots for the components of the filling lies in the range from 30 to 300 mm
18. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the width of the output slot for the test tape lies in the range from 1.5 to 15 mm
19. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the length of the output slot for the test tape lies in the range from 45 to 450 mm.
20. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the exit slit hole for the test tape is removed from the output slot openings for the components of the filling vertically by 30-300 mm.
21. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the exit slit hole for the test tape is removed from the output slot openings for the components of the filling horizontally by 5-50 mm.
22. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that from the edges of the exit slit hole for the test tape, the device includes tapering protrusions that are a continuation of said converging side surfaces, while said converging side surfaces at the ends of said protrusions form ribs.
23. The device according to p. 22, characterized in that it includes fasteners intended for its installation and rigid fixation on a drum-type machine for manufacturing the product directly above both drums so that the said protrusions are just above the point of maximum convergence of the working surfaces drums.
24. The device according to p. 23, characterized in that as said fasteners it includes two holes and two grooves designed to accommodate threaded parts, the holes being located in the uppermost part of the device in front, and the grooves in the uppermost part from behind.
25. The device according to p. 1, characterized in that it is made of a material with low heat capacity and / or thermal conductivity.
RU2015107858/13A 2015-03-06 2015-03-06 Method of product making from dough shell with two non-mixed filling components, and device for its implementation RU2603764C2 (en)

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2262232C2 (en) * 2003-12-24 2005-10-20 Кученёв Николай Виленович Method and apparatus for producing of dough products with filler
RU2375875C1 (en) * 2008-04-11 2009-12-20 Алексей Николаевич Шамаев Construction and composition of ravioli with filler portions of different content and versions of preparation
RU152239U1 (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-05-10 Алексей Николаевич Шамаев Device for manufacturing products from test with a start

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2262232C2 (en) * 2003-12-24 2005-10-20 Кученёв Николай Виленович Method and apparatus for producing of dough products with filler
RU2375875C1 (en) * 2008-04-11 2009-12-20 Алексей Николаевич Шамаев Construction and composition of ravioli with filler portions of different content and versions of preparation
RU152239U1 (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-05-10 Алексей Николаевич Шамаев Device for manufacturing products from test with a start

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