RU2597743C2 - Convenient gun (versions) - Google Patents

Convenient gun (versions) Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2597743C2
RU2597743C2 RU2013153674/11A RU2013153674A RU2597743C2 RU 2597743 C2 RU2597743 C2 RU 2597743C2 RU 2013153674/11 A RU2013153674/11 A RU 2013153674/11A RU 2013153674 A RU2013153674 A RU 2013153674A RU 2597743 C2 RU2597743 C2 RU 2597743C2
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Russia
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weapon
handle
spike
convenient
spring
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RU2013153674/11A
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Russian (ru)
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RU2013153674A (en
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Николай Евгеньевич Староверов
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Николай Евгеньевич Староверов
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Priority to RU2013153674/11A priority Critical patent/RU2597743C2/en
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Abstract

FIELD: weapons and ammunition.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to weapons, namely to structural elements of weapons making its use more comfortable and convenient. Weapon has a trigger guard with the longitudinal length exceeding the length of a human trigger finger. In another version the weapon has a front handle with the vertical length more than the vertical length of the extending downward magazine. In another version the weapon has a foregrip arranged at 20-70 degrees downward to the horizontal plane. In another version the weapon has a turning in the longitudinal vertical plane handle-foregrip. In another version the weapon has a hinged support. Weapon has a longitudinally sliding foregrip or a longitudinally sliding installed handle connected with the support. In another version the weapon has a side support arranged on the fixed barrel or on the weapon housing sideways. In another version the support is a rotary sideways bracket with a limiter having a pin on the end directed forward or forward-downward at an angle down to 45 degrees to the horizontal plane.
EFFECT: provided ease of use of the weapon.
13 cl, 8 dwg

Description

The invention relates to small arms - machine guns, machine guns, submachine guns, sniper rifles.

Known automatic devices with a shutter of various designs, see, for example, US Pat. No. 2441190. In the world there are several hundred designs of machine guns (called “automatic rifles” abroad), submachine guns, sniper rifles. They all shoot well enough, but the main thing in a battle is not to fire a hundred bullets per minute, but to hit at least one bullet. And as practice has shown, this is precisely what causes difficulties. There are several reasons for this: bad sights - outdated primitive fly-type sights of the “fly-slot” type, which came from the 17th century to the 21st century, diopter sights, which are a slightly retouched version of the fly-gun sight, optical sights with a small increase. And the main reason for poor shooting in real conditions is the unstable position of the weapon. That is, in order not just to shoot, but to shoot and hit, the weapon must be CONVENIENT. It is necessary that it be convenient to hold it, that it is convenient to aim from it, that it is convenient to use shelter elements as a support - trees in the forest, a window frame, a window sill or a door jamb in an urban battle, a ledge of a rock in the mountains, or simply land in position lying down.

A comparatively long production of weapons from a traveling position to a combat one was also noticed.

The objective and technical result of the invention is the acceleration of manufacturing to shooting and increasing the accuracy of practical shooting.

OPTION 1. During quick preparation for firing, a few tenths of a second goes to the shooter to insert a finger into the trigger guard. To accelerate this phase of production, this weapon has a trigger guard with a longitudinal length greater than the length of the person’s index finger in the winter mitten (hereinafter all directions are given relative to the direction of the shot when the weapon is in a horizontal working position) and expanding downward in front (for facilitate the insertion of a thick finger in the winter mitten).

See figure 1, where 1 is the handle of the weapon, 2 is the safety handle of the trigger (for comparison, the dotted line shows the traditional handle).

This option works like this: with a quick grip of the weapon by the handle 1 in traditional designs, the index finger rests on the safety handle, and the shooter has to waste time slipping a finger into the handle. In this design, the finger immediately enters the bow of sufficient length and width and rests on the trigger. Without compromising the safety of weapons storage, manufacturing time is markedly reduced.

Here it should be noted the historical expediency of the appearance of a safety arm. It appeared almost simultaneously with the appearance of firearms, when there were no other guards against an accidental shot. Modern weapons have two, or even three fuses: internal, controlled, and built into the back of the handle. So the very need for a safety bow in modern weapons is in doubt.

OPTION 2. Modern assault rifles and submachine guns often have a front handle. If you lengthen this handle, then it can serve as a good enough support when shooting lying down. That is, this weapon has a front handle, a vertical length greater than the vertical length of the magazine protruding downward (this is understandable - so that the weapon does not stand on the store, but on the front handle).

You should not be afraid that this will lead to a heavier weapon. First, it’s better to have a slightly heavier, but much more convenient weapon. And secondly, when using modern materials, for example, carbon fiber or composite materials based on high-modulus high-strength fibers such as vectran, spectrum, dyne, zylon, the handle will be even lighter than usual.

Since the handle in the "standing" and "lying" positions is taken at slightly different angles, the handle should be round. And then, to further lighten the handle, you can use the "rocket" technology - the handle is made thin-walled and is under excess gas pressure. If the handle is composite, then to reduce the diffusion of gas from the handle it is advisable to metallize it from the inside, and as a gas one should choose a gas with a large molecular size, for example argon, krypton, etc.

By the way, the easiest way to fill the handle with gas is to paste the end face in a pressure chamber. Or even simpler - a small hole is drilled in the finished handle, and in a pressure chamber, a small screw on liquid glue, for example, on cyanoacrylate, is simply screwed into it. After the adhesive has hardened, the handle is removed from the pressure chamber.

The pen may have a small plate at the bottom. Or, with a sufficient diameter of the handle - 35-45 mm, may not have it. But in any case, it is desirable that the handle had a relief in the form of concentric circles on the lower end - this will protect it from slipping, but will make it easy to turn the weapon horizontally.

Or, the lower part of the handle (with or without a plate) can be mounted on the handle with the possibility of rotation, for example, on a graphite fluoroplastic washer.

You should not be afraid that the large length of the front handle will cause any inconvenience. The experience of World War II submachine guns showed that the long front handle does not interfere with the shooter.

The handle of increased length is also possible in the design of weapons according to the concept of two-handed weapons according to patent No. 2441190.

See part of figure 2 - only the position of the front handle 3, shown by the dotted line down.

This option works like this: handle 3 is placed on the ground and firing from a weapon is carried out with emphasis on it.

OPTION 3. Some assault rifles and submachine guns, as well as sniper rifles, do not have a front handle, but a forearm. But a horizontal forearm is inconvenient from an orthopedic point of view, neither when standing, nor when lying down, nor when shooting from the belt. This weapon has a forearm located downward at an angle of 20-70 degrees to the horizontal (optimally - about 45 degrees).

For the convenience of the grip and to prevent burns on the hot barrel, the forearm has a hook for the index finger in front of the forearm, and there is also an emphasis for the thumb on the left-top forearm located on the forearm or on the weapon.

The forend, as in option 2, can be manufactured using the same technologies.

See part of figure 2, the forend - 4, located at an angle of 45 degrees, 5 - the hook in front of the forend, 6 - emphasis for the thumb.

This option works like this: with the left hand (for right-handed people) the weapon is taken on the forend 4 and used.

OPTION 4. If you make the handle in option 2 or the forend in option 3 rotary, you get a universal forearm handle. That is, this weapon has a rotary handle-fore-end, which can be fixed in any intermediate position or in positions 0-45-90 degrees to the vertical.

See figure 2, where positions 3, 4 show the possible combat positions of the forearm. For storage and transportation, the fore-end handle can take a horizontal position, indicated by a dotted line.

This option works either as option 2 or as option 3.

OPTION 5. For patrolling a gun such as a submachine gun or submachine gun it is convenient to keep it at the ready, that is, at the belt. So that the hands do not get tired at the same time, which can affect the speed and accuracy of the shooter's actions when the shooting is suddenly necessary, this weapon has a supporting rubber or spring cord attached to the weapon and to the shooter's shoulder.

On the weapon, the cord should be attached near the center of gravity or somewhat in front of it, so that in the latter case, unload the arrow of the arrow on the left handle as well. It is advisable to be able to change the place where the cord is attached to the weapon for an individual fit to the ergonomics of a particular person. The tension force of the cord (in particular, its length) should be selected so as to maintain the weight of two hands in their elbow part (individually selected experimentally).

See figure 2, which shows a machine with a shortened shutter, so that the store with a carbon fiber pad is located in the very rear of the weapon, and to hold the weapon it has a control handle 1 in the middle part and a rotary forearm handle pos. 3, 4. For perception of the weight of the weapon, it has a rubber cord 7 (shown by a dash-dot line) attached to the arrow of the shoulder (point "P"), and to the weapon in the area of the Picatinny rail.

This option works like this: in the patrol position or when walking in unfamiliar terrain, the weapon is easily held by the belt. If necessary, it can be deflected by the shooter in any position, while the cord 7 has the ability to stretch. There may be a quick interception of weapons to the shoulder or a quick transition to the prone position.

OPTION 6. If the distance from the front handguard to the muzzle is large enough, then to increase the radius from the shoulder to the fulcrum, that is, to improve the accuracy of shooting, the fulcrum should be moved forward as far as possible while lying, that is, this weapon has a folding support (support).

One support can resemble a handle according to option 2, with or without a plate, and two supports are practically bipod. In obsolete weapons, bipods were heavy, with a complex structure that allowed the weapon to rotate in a horizontal plane, and therefore it was practically used only on light machine guns and sniper rifles. The application of the technologies mentioned in option 2 will make the support or bipod very light. For simplicity, the design of the bipod, and even more so - one support, may not be able to rotate in the horizontal plane. If you need to turn the weapon sideways, one support will easily slip on its concentric circles or on the fluoroplastic washer, and the bipod will bend slightly within its elasticity during small movements, and will slip over the ground with large movements, or the shooter will rearrange. However, the bipod can be attached to the weapon using a hinge with a vertical axis and can be spring loaded in the direction of the symmetrical position (so that they fold into a symmetrical position). So that when turning two rods do not prevent the bipod from turning relative to the weapon, the thrust to the bipod is articulated forks.

But the use of long-known bipods in light weapons such as machine guns or submachine guns was restrained not only by their heavy weight, but also by the need to spend time folding them or folding them. In order to reduce this time to a minimum, the weapon has a longitudinally sliding fore-end or a longitudinally sliding forearm, connected by a rod to the support (s), and having controllable or spring-loaded clamps of the support (s), or forearm, or handles in two positions. This allows you to fold or fold the bipod in one motion.

The axis of rotation of the bipod should not be transversely horizontal, but tilted back so that the "spread" bipod folds in a position parallel to the trunk.

See figure 3, 4, which shows the folding bipod 8, attached to the barrel in the area of the barrel and connected to a longitudinally sliding front handle 3 by means of two rods 9 (shown by a dotted line). Rods, like bipods, can be made of carbon fiber. The bipods have a latch in two positions in the form of a multi-leaf spring 10 of four sheets mounted near the end of each bipod (a correspondingly curved spring can be common to both bipods).

This option works as follows: when the handle 3 is moved forward, the rods 9 push the bipod down, and those, overcoming the force of the spring 10, recline into a vertical position, if necessary, you can run from place to place without folding the bipod. And if necessary, to fold them, just pull the handle 3 back.

It should be noted that the force of the spring clips should be large enough so that the bipod does not recline accidentally when shooting or when manipulating weapons. If random tilting is nevertheless observed, you should use controlled (that is, locking) latches, for example, in the form of a button on the handle that goes into the holes in the guides.

It should also be noted that the lower surface of the stop or bipod in the folded position should be parallel to the barrel, so that when relying on any horizontal surface, the aiming line does not deviate when the weapon vibrates when shooting in bursts.

OPTION 7. When shooting in the forest, or from an aperture of a window or door, you should rely on a tree or other vertical surface to increase accuracy. To better fix the weapon in this position, this weapon has a lateral stop located on a fixed barrel or on a weapon body (“weapon body” means any part that is stationary relative to the handles or a kinematically stationary barrel) on the side (for right-handers - on the left) and consisting of longitudinal guides in which a plate with a rubberized embossed surface or with a spike is slidably mounted, the plate being spring-loaded in the rear position.

The plate is mounted sliding and spring-loaded precisely in the rear position so that when the weapon is brought back it could slip back without changing the aim line.

In order not to get hurt about the spike, it can be made spring-loaded and retractable, for example, into a cutout in the guides.

To better hold the weapon, the spike should be tilted down at an angle of 1-70 degrees (optimally - about 30 degrees).

See figure 5, 6, where: 11 - barrel (for weapons with a fixed barrel); 12 - guides located on the left, having front and rear stops in the form of limbs; 13 - a plate in the guides, spring-loaded back by a zigzag ribbon spring 14. On the plate, a spike 15 is pivotally mounted and spring-loaded in the opening direction, and in the guides there is a cutout 16 for the spike tip to enter when folding. For structural rigidity, the guides have a strut 17 to the right.

This option works as follows: if necessary, emphasis on a tree or on a vertical wooden surface of the arrows pushes the thorn 15 forward with the thumb of the left hand. He leaves the cutout 16 and leans back with a spring (not shown) to the left at an angle of about 30 degrees. Slightly hitting the tree with a weapon, the shooter sticks a spike into the surface at a convenient height. Then, slightly pressing the weapon to the tree, the shooter can aim the weapon at the target and shoot. Weapons during recoil have the ability to bounce back, slipping in the guides and not tearing the spike from the surface of the tree.

If it is necessary to fold the spike, the shooter presses it with his finger to the lower guide and slightly pushes the spike forward. The spike enters the notch 16. Without releasing the spike, the shooter slightly shifts it back, and the spike is fixed in the lower guide, which for this should be slightly bent in this place. Approximate spike length 10-15 mm.

OPTION 8. For an emphasis in a tree, a window frame, a door jamb, and also in a brick, in a plaster or in a rock, the weapon may have another emphasis, which is a side-swiveling bracket with a limiter, having a spike at the end, directed forward or forward-downward angle up to 45 degrees to the horizontal (optimally 5-10 degrees).

To compensate for jerking back due to recoil, the spike can be spring-loaded in the direction of its axis or in the forward direction. In the latter case, a non-circular guide cylinder, for example a square one, is horizontal, but the tenon axis may be lowered somewhat downward.

Of course, to avoid accidental tilting, the bracket has latches in the retracted and tilted positions. The latches can be spring (similar to figure 4), ball, etc.

See Figs. 7, 8, where: 11 - the fixed barrel of the weapon, 18 - the bracket shown in the tilted position, 15 - the spike, 19 - the socket for the safe location of the spike in the retracted position.

On Fig shows a spring-loaded spike 15. It is placed in the glass 20 on the sleeve 21 and is spring-loaded in the forward direction by the spring 22.

This option works like this: if necessary, the bracket 18 with the spike 15 easily swings to the left to the stop and is fixed with a spring clip. The shooter rests with a thorn against a tree, a window frame, a door jamb, a wall, a rock, etc., slightly presses the weapon in the forward direction (as if "leaning" on it). The front of the weapon gets support and shooting will be more mark. After use, the bracket is pushed forward in one motion, the spike 15 enters socket 19, and the bracket is secured by a spring clip.

If a spring-loaded spike is used, as in Fig. 8, then when the weapon is pressed, the spring 22 is fully compressed (it should not be strong), the spike 15 is stuck or abuts against the surface, and shooting is performed in this position. When jerking arms back due to recoil, the spike does not leave the tree, as it is constantly pressed by the spring 22.

In this embodiment, the spike should be slightly longer than in the previous embodiment, since it should protrude from the cup 20 even when the spring 2 is fully compressed.

The use of these inventions will not lead to a noticeable increase in the mass of the weapon and its cost, but it will significantly increase the usability of it, that is, it will increase the accuracy of practical shooting.

Claims (13)

1. A convenient weapon, characterized in that it has a trigger guard, characterized in that it has a trigger guard with a longitudinal length greater than the length of the index finger of a person in a winter mitten, and extending downward in front.
2. A convenient weapon with a front handle, a vertical length longer than the vertical length of the magazine protruding downward, characterized in that the handle is thin-walled and is under excess gas pressure, and it is metallized from the inside, and a gas with a large molecular size, such as argon, is chosen as the gas krypton.
3. The weapon according to claim 2, characterized in that it has a plate below and has a relief in the form of concentric circles on a plate or on the lower end of the handle.
4. The weapon according to claim 2, characterized in that the lower part of the handle (with or without a plate) is mounted on the handle with the possibility of rotation, for example, on a graphite fluoroplastic washer.
5. A convenient weapon, characterized in that it has a forearm located downward at an angle of 20-70 degrees to the horizontal.
6. The weapon according to claim 5, characterized in that the fore-end has a hook for the index finger in front of the fore-end, and there is also an emphasis for the thumb on the left-top of the fore-end, located on the fore-end or on the weapon.
7. Convenient weapon, characterized in that it has a fore-end handle rotatable in the longitudinal vertical plane, which has the ability to be fixed in any intermediate position or in positions 0 - 45 - 90 degrees to the vertical.
8. A convenient weapon, characterized in that the weapon has a hinged support (s), moreover, the weapon has a longitudinally sliding forearm or a longitudinally sliding handle mounted, connected by a rod to the support (s), and having controllable or spring clamps of the support (s), or forearm , or handles in two positions.
9. The weapon according to claim 8, characterized in that the bipods are attached to the weapon by means of a hinge with a vertical axis, are spring-loaded in the direction of the symmetrical position, and the thrust to the bipods is articulated bifurcated.
10. Convenient weapon, characterized in that it has a lateral stop located on a fixed barrel or on the side of the weapon and consisting of longitudinal guides in which a plate with a rubberized embossed surface or with a spike is slidably mounted, the plate being spring-loaded in the rear position.
11. The weapon according to claim 10, characterized in that the spike is spring-loaded and retractable, for example, into a cutout in the guides, and in the working position, the spike is inclined downward by an angle of 1-70 degrees.
12. Convenient weapon, characterized in that it has an emphasis, which is a side-swivel bracket with a limiter, having a spike at the end directed forward or forward-downward at an angle of up to 45 degrees to the horizontal.
13. A weapon according to claim 12, characterized in that the spike is spring-loaded in the direction of its axis or in the forward direction, for example, a square guide cylinder is horizontal, but the axis of the spike is lowered downward at a specified angle.
RU2013153674/11A 2013-12-03 2013-12-03 Convenient gun (versions) RU2597743C2 (en)

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RU2597743C2 true RU2597743C2 (en) 2016-09-20

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU542089A1 (en) * 1975-09-19 1977-01-05 Предприятие П/Я Г-4406 Strap for sporting rifles
SU1371501A3 (en) * 1982-10-16 1988-01-30 Такахиро Хаси и Саеко Хаси Rubber cord
RU2329450C2 (en) * 2002-08-07 2008-07-20 КОРНЕР ШОТ ХОЛДИНГЗ, ЭлЭлСи Pivot joint assembly for firearms
RU2345308C2 (en) * 2007-01-11 2009-01-27 Открытое акционерное общество "Концерн "Ижмаш" Small arms rest
WO2010047675A1 (en) * 2008-10-20 2010-04-29 Bls Designs, Inc. Monopod rifle support
US20110185617A1 (en) * 2008-07-21 2011-08-04 Grauer Systems, Llc Firearm grip

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU542089A1 (en) * 1975-09-19 1977-01-05 Предприятие П/Я Г-4406 Strap for sporting rifles
SU1371501A3 (en) * 1982-10-16 1988-01-30 Такахиро Хаси и Саеко Хаси Rubber cord
RU2329450C2 (en) * 2002-08-07 2008-07-20 КОРНЕР ШОТ ХОЛДИНГЗ, ЭлЭлСи Pivot joint assembly for firearms
RU2345308C2 (en) * 2007-01-11 2009-01-27 Открытое акционерное общество "Концерн "Ижмаш" Small arms rest
US20110185617A1 (en) * 2008-07-21 2011-08-04 Grauer Systems, Llc Firearm grip
WO2010047675A1 (en) * 2008-10-20 2010-04-29 Bls Designs, Inc. Monopod rifle support

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