RU2493759C2 - Method for fabrication of false nail with 3d decoration - Google Patents

Method for fabrication of false nail with 3d decoration Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2493759C2
RU2493759C2 RU2011150084/12A RU2011150084A RU2493759C2 RU 2493759 C2 RU2493759 C2 RU 2493759C2 RU 2011150084/12 A RU2011150084/12 A RU 2011150084/12A RU 2011150084 A RU2011150084 A RU 2011150084A RU 2493759 C2 RU2493759 C2 RU 2493759C2
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Prior art keywords
substrate
layer
decoration
method according
volumetric
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RU2011150084/12A
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Russian (ru)
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RU2011150084A (en
Inventor
Сун Ён ЧХАН
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Сун Ён ЧХАН
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Priority to KR20110068362 priority Critical
Priority to KR10-2011-0068362 priority
Priority to KR1020110104588A priority patent/KR101207315B1/en
Priority to KR10-2011-0104588 priority
Application filed by Сун Ён ЧХАН filed Critical Сун Ён ЧХАН
Publication of RU2011150084A publication Critical patent/RU2011150084A/en
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Abstract

FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for fabrication of a false nail with a 3D decoration. The invention objective consists in development of a method for fabrication of a false nail enabling easy application of decor inclusive of a light-reflective 3D decoration. The method for fabrication of a false nail with a 3D decoration includes a decorating operation for formation of a pattern in the form of a 3D decoration and image on the substrate, a the operation of the plate moulding by means of vacuum moulding by way of drawing the substrate into a press mould with multiple nail shapes and a cutting operation in the course whereof the drawn-in substrate is cut into variously shaped false nails to produce false nail plates. The decorating operation includes flat image printing on the substrate and formation of a transparent 3D decoration so that the decoration lets light through onto the section where the image is generated. Since the pattern is printed on the substrate prior to the plate moulding operation, more variegated and exquisite patterns may be printed on the false nail surface which allows to achieve significant glamour during manufacture of false beauty nails.
EFFECT: method enables production of a false nail with a 3D decoration at low prime cost.
16 cl, 11 dwg

Description

Technical field

The invention relates to a method for manufacturing a false nail with a volumetric decoration, in particular in which a volumetric decoration can be created on a plate with a curved surface without deforming the shape of the plate.

State of the art

Usually, false nails are made by injection molding. As shown in figures 1 (a) and 1 (b), when the false nails are made by injection molding, after casting the molded plates are separated from the gate for subsequent use. The material for manufacturing false nails 2 is injected into a injection machine with injection molds forming pairs in order to acquire nail shapes, while the false nails 2 cast by the injection molding machine are connected to the gate frame 1. After casting, to separate from sprue 1 false nails 2 are decorated with a certain color or figured images by printing on a curved surface or by spray printing. When fixing the volumetric decoration, as shown in Fig. 1 (b), it is directly attached to the false nail 2 with tweezers P, therefore, the accuracy with which the volumetric decoration 3 can be mounted in the desired position varies each time depending on the professional level of the performer . Even if the three-dimensional decoration 3 is attached to the false nail using a machine or similar device, due to the fact that the false nail 2 has a curved surface shape, there is a problem that when attaching the three-dimensional decoration 3 to the false nail 2 by application vertical force false nail 2 is deformed.

In addition, in the manufacture of false nails by known methods, according to which false nails are produced by injection molding, the number of false nails produced at one time is small due to the limited number of cavities in the injection molds. In addition, in the process of separating the false nail 2 from the gate 1, part of the gate may remain on the false nail, and the surface of the false nail 2 must be individually processed by the user before applying it to the nail. During this process, the false nail 2 can also be deformed. In addition, when false nails are made by injection molding, there is a problem associated with the need to use ABS plastic, while the use of other materials for the manufacture of false nails is difficult.

To solve the above problems, there is a need to develop a method for manufacturing a false nail with volumetric decoration, which makes it easy to apply decor, including reflective volumetric decoration, as well as the usual volumetric decoration on standard forms, preventing deformation of the plate of the false nail having a curved shape, and also allowing increase the release of false nails.

Disclosure of invention

One of the objects of the present invention is a method for manufacturing a false nail with a volumetric decoration, which makes it easy to apply decor, including reflective volumetric decoration, as well as the usual volumetric decoration on standard forms, and at the same time allows to increase the release of false nails, while preventing deformation false nail plates having convex surfaces.

According to one embodiment of the invention, a method of manufacturing a false nail with a volumetric decoration includes a decoration operation, during which a pattern is created in the form of a volumetric decoration and a pattern on a substrate; an operation of forming a plate by vacuum molding by drawing the substrate into a mold with a plurality of nail forms; and a cutting operation, during which the retracted substrate is cut into false nails of various shapes, thereby forming plates of false nails. In this case, the decoration operation involves the flat printing of a pattern on a substrate and forming a transparent three-dimensional decoration so that it transmits light to the area where the pattern is formed.

When forming a volumetric decoration, a convex volumetric layer can be created to give the pattern a volumetric effect, as well as a coating layer applied between the volumetric layer and the pattern and allowing the volumetric layer to be bonded to the pattern.

The pattern may contain a reflective layer.

A reflective layer can be created using metallic printing ink.

The reflective layer may be formed from one of a thin metal film or from a metal powder.

Between the reflective layer and the substrate, a fixing layer may be further formed.

The bulk layer can be formed by screen printing.

The coating layer may consist of at least one of the following materials: UV curable resin, urethane resin, acrylic resin, cellulose resin, polyester resin, vinyl resin, polyamide resin, epoxy resin, alkyd resin or casein.

The bulk layer can be formed from one of the following materials: epoxy resin, silicone resin, a mixture of epoxy-silicone resins, acrylic resin, urethane resin and a mixture of acrylic-urethane resins.

The bulk layer may include a dye capable of transmitting light to the reflective layer, and / or reflective sparkles.

The bulk layer may have a convex surface, allowing the collection of light on the reflective layer.

The bulk layer may have a wetting angle of from 20 ° to 70 °.

An adhesive layer and a release film protecting it can be additionally applied on the bottom surface of the substrate.

The substrate may be made of a mixture or copolymer of at least one of the following materials: polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyurethane (PU), polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC), ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene terephthalate glycol.

The operation of forming the plate may include heating the substrate before placing it in a vacuum mold.

Between the operation of forming the plate and the cutting operation, an additional cooling operation of the retracted substrate may be performed.

The above and other features, features and advantages of the disclosed exemplary embodiments of the invention will be more apparent from the further detailed description of the invention with reference to the drawings.

Brief Description of the Drawings

Figure 1 (a) and 1 (b) - shows a conventional false nail, top view and front view, respectively;

figure 2 - sequence of operations in the implementation of the method of manufacturing a false nail with three-dimensional decoration according to one embodiment of the invention;

figure 3 (a) -3 (d) schematically shows a method of manufacturing a false nail with three-dimensional decoration according to one of the embodiments of the invention;

figure 4 (a) -4 (c) - false nails obtained by various variants of the method of manufacturing a false nail with volumetric decoration according to the present invention, a sectional view.

The implementation of the invention

Although the advantages and features of the present invention are illustrated by the description of its embodiments with reference to the drawings, however, the present invention can be implemented in various forms and should not be limited to the following options for its implementation. These options are provided in order for the disclosure of the invention to be comprehensive and complete, and also to fully convey the scope of the present invention to those skilled in the art. Used terminology refers only to the description of specific embodiments of the invention and should not be construed as limiting the invention to only typical variants of its implementation. In this description, the singular may include the plural, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. It should also be understood that the terms "contains" and / or "comprising" in this description indicate the presence of signs, integers, steps, operations, elements and / or components, but do not exclude the presence or addition of one or more other signs, integers , steps, operations, elements, components and / or groups.

Basically, to give the parts of the nail a sparkling effect, three-dimensional jewelry, such as precious stones, are manually glued directly to the nails. In contrast to the known method, a false nail 100 with a volumetric decoration 120 according to the invention is made by forming a reflective layer 112 ′ from the shiny material included in Figure 112, and applying a transparent material to the upper surface of this reflective layer 112 ′ to form a convex surface. Since the jewelry 120 created in this way is voluminous and has reflective properties, it can look like a gem whose radiance is provided by the reflective layer 112 ′. Thus, according to the invention, the volumetric decoration 120 created on the false nail 100 is formed by printing, whereby the shape, size and location of the formation of the volumetric decoration 120 can be selected. In contrast to the volumetric decoration 120 attached by hand, the false nail 100 can be a three-dimensional decoration 120 of the same design is created by a method in which the step of heating the adhesive for the three-dimensional decoration 120 carried out in the known method can be eliminated, which prevents the formation of a local term deformation of the substrate 10. In addition, the manufacturing time of the false nail 100 with volumetric decoration 120 can be shortened, and since the substrate 10 is made in the form of a flat plate, a drawing can be created by two-dimensional programming during decoration, unlike the existing prior art due to which the accuracy of the operations carried out during the decoration operation S10 is increased.

Figure 2 shows the sequence of operations in the manufacture of a false nail with a volumetric decoration in accordance with one embodiments of the invention, and figure 3 (a) -3 (d) schematically shows a method of manufacturing a false nail with a volumetric decoration according to one embodiment inventions.

A method of manufacturing a false nail with a volumetric decoration according to the invention includes, as shown in FIGS. 2-3 (d), a decoration operation S10, during which a pattern including a volumetric decoration 120, figure 112 and a reflection layer is created on the substrate 10 112 ′ included in Figure 112; a nail plate forming operation S20, during which the substrate 10 is retracted into the mold 210 with a plurality of nail shapes in a vacuum forming process; and a cutting operation S40, during which the retracted substrate 10 is cut in the form of false nails 100, thereby forming plates 110 of the false nails 100. Here, the decoration operation S10 includes: a planar printing operation of a pattern 112 on the substrate 10 and a volumetric decoration 120 forming operation during which create a transparent three-dimensional decoration 120 so that it transmits light in the place where the pattern 112 is formed.

The decorating operation S10 shown in FIG. 3 (a) is to create a pattern on a substrate 10 placed in the mold 210 for vacuum molding. The pattern created on the substrate 10 may be a flat pattern 112 or a flat pattern 112 with volumetric decoration. Figure 112 can be formed only in the place where the volumetric decoration 120 is formed, or in other areas.

When the substrate 10, during the decorating operation S10, enters the vacuum mold 210, a space 211 is formed between the flat substrate 10 and the mold 210. When air is pumped out of the space 211 by the vacuum pump 212, the shape of the substrate 10 changes according to the shape mold 210 as shown in FIG. 3 (b). The substrate 10 can be fed into the mold 210 heated, which contributes to a more accurate change in its shape in accordance with the shape of the vacuum mold 210. The temperature to which the substrate 10 is heated may vary depending on the material from which it is made. In the method for manufacturing a false nail with a three-dimensional decoration according to the invention, in contrast to the method for manufacturing a false nail 100 by injection molding, the flat shape of the substrate 10 can be freely changed by vacuum molding, so that various materials can be used to produce the false nail 100. Materials that can be used for substrate 10 include polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyurethane, polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC), ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), polypropylene (PP), and polyethylene terephthalate glycol (PETG), and these materials can be used on their own, as well and as a mixture of one or more of the above materials, or as a material for the substrate 10, a copolymer of one of the above materials can be used.

If a heated substrate 10 is used during the plate forming operation S20, then additionally, the cooling operation S30 of the formed substrate 10 can be performed. The cooling operation S30 can be performed when the substrate 10 is firmly located in the vacuum molding mold 210 or, as shown in FIG. .3 (c) after the substrate 10 is separated from the mold. The formed substrate 10, as shown in FIG. 3 (d), is cut by the cutting device 220 into separate false nails 100. The cutting device 220 may consist of a lower trim device 220a, on which the substrate 10 is firmly located, and an upper trim device 220b with blades. Moreover, the upper trimmer 220b does not exert excessive pressure on the volumetric decoration 120. Thus, when the upper trimmer 220b and the lower trimmer 220a are connected to each other, the gap between them limited by the blades for cutting one false nail 100 can be adjusted in this way so that it exceeds the thickness of the false nail 100.

Figure 4 (a) -4 (c) shows cross-sections of false nails with volumetric decoration, made in various ways according to variants of the invention.

In the method of manufacturing a false nail with a volumetric decoration in accordance with the present invention by forming a volumetric decoration 120 that is able to shine with reflected light, the effect can be obtained that a gem is attached to the false nail 100. This can be reduced time spent on the formation of volumetric decorations 120 on the false nail 100.

During the step of forming a volumetric decoration 120 to create a bulging layer 120b having a convex shape to give a volumetric effect to the reflection layer 112 ′, and attaching it to this reflection layer 112 ′, a coating layer 120a is applied between the volume layer 120b and the reflection layer 112 ′. Since there is a coating layer 120a between the reflective layer 112 ′ and the bulk layer 120b, the bulk layer 120b can be firmly fixed to the upper surface of the reflective layer 112 ′. An epoxy resin, a silicone resin, an acrylic resin, a urethane resin, a mixture of epoxy and silicone resins, and a mixture of acrylic and urethane resins can be used to create a bulk layer 120b. Since the material used to form the bulk layer 120b has low adhesion to the reflective layer 112 ′, these layers are easily detached from each other with slight scratches. The presence of a coating layer 120a between the reflective layer 112 ′ and the bulk layer 120b allows the bulk layer 120b to be firmly fixed to the upper surface of the reflective layer 112 ′. In this case, the coating layer 120a may be made of at least one of the following materials: UV curable resin, urethane resin, acrylic resin, cellulose resin, polyester resin, vinyl resin, polyamide resin, epoxy resin, alkyd resin or casein.

Since the coating layer 120a and the bulk layer 120b are made of transparent materials that can transmit light, the reflective layer 112 ′ may shine because it reflects the light. Since the bulk layer 120b may contain dyes, spangles, and the like, it is possible to adjust the color of the light reflected from the reflective layer 112 ′ as well as the degree of reflection thereof. As for the reflective layer 112 ′, it is contained in Figure 112 and is made of reflective material, i.e. the portion of figure 112 that shines due to the light passing through the bulk layer 120b, resulting in bulk to the layer 120b, is referred to as the reflective layer 112 ′. In accordance with the invention, in figure 112, in addition to the reflective layer 112 ', other decor elements may also be contained. However, only the case is described when the volumetric adornment 120 is created on the upper part of the reflective layer 112 ′.

Since the reflective layer 112 ′ must be made of a material having a light reflecting ability, a metallic paint may be applied to the substrate 10 to form a reflective layer 112 ′ on the plate 110. In another case, a thin film may be applied to form the reflective layer 112 ′ on the plate 110 metal film, metal powder, and the like.

In order to apply a thin metal film or metal powder to the substrate 10, a fixing layer 114 is additionally formed between the reflective layer 112 'and the substrate 10.

Any shaping method may be used to make the bulk layer 120b convex. For example, to make the bulk layer 120b convex, in particular, like a drop of water, the bulk layer 120b may be formed by silk-screen printing. The silk screen printing method can be applied to form a bulk layer 120b in the area where a retroreflective bulk decoration 120 like a gemstone will be formed.

In other words, due to the features of the bulk layer 120b, which can only be applied to the portion where the coating layer 120a is applied, the portion of the formation of the bulk layer 120b may vary depending on the location of the coating layer 120a. For example, when the coating layer 120a is applied only to the area where the reflection layer 112 ′ is formed, the bulk layer 120b is applied only to the upper part of the coating layer 120a. In addition, when the coating layer 120a is applied to the entire surface of the substrate, and the area where the volumetric adornment 120 is to be created is limited to a part of the substrate, the volumetric layer 120b can be formed by silk-screen printing to ensure its thickness and pattern in accordance with the pattern 112 of the reflective layer 112 ′. In other words, to create the effect of volumetric decoration 120, epoxy is repeatedly applied to a predetermined area by the method of silk-screen printing, as a result of which a volumetric layer 120b is formed. By giving the volume layer 120b a convex shape like a drop of water, the volume layer 120b through which the light passes performs the function of light concentration like a convex lens, whereby the luminescence of the reflection layer 112 ′ increases because the reflective materials present in the reflection layer 112 ′ collect more amount of light. In addition, the pattern of the reflection layer 112 ′ is emphasized, so that the appearance of the surround decoration is improved.

The wetting angle θ of the bulk layer 120b refers to the angle between the plane tangent to the surface of the bulk layer 120b at the lower extreme point where the layer 120b and the coating layer 120a are adjacent to the bottom surface of the bulk layer 120b, and is measured from the inside of the bulk layer 120b . The wetting angle θ of the bulk layer 120b may be from 20 ° to 70 °. At an angle θ of greater than 70 °, the outer surface of the bulk layer 120b becomes excessively convex, as a result of which the area of the light-collecting portion is reduced. At an angle θ of less than 20 °, the upper surface of the bulk layer 120b is too flat and does not provide sufficient light collection, as a result of which it becomes impossible to enhance the luminescence of the reflection layer 112 ′. Thus, the bulk layer 120b should have a wetting angle θ ranging from 20 ° to 70 °.

By the method of manufacturing a false nail with a volumetric decoration according to the invention, false nails 100 corresponding to various embodiments of the invention can be manufactured, as shown in figures 4 (a) -4 (c).

As shown in FIG. 4 (a), a pattern 112 including a reflective layer 112 ′ is formed on the upper surface of the nail nail plate 110, and a volumetric decoration 120 is created including a coating layer 120a and a volumetric layer 120b located on the upper the surface of the reflective layer 112 ′.

When the reflection layer 112 ′ is fixed to the plate 110 by means of the fixing layer 114, then first, as shown in FIG. 4 (b), a pattern 112 is formed on the plate 110 including a reflection layer 112 ′ fixed to the plate 110 by the fixing layer 114. Volumetric decoration 120 is located on the upper part of the reflective layer 112 ′ in figure 112.

If only a reflective layer 112 ′ is created on the plate 110 as a pattern 112, as shown in FIG. 4 (c), then a three-dimensional decoration 120 can only be created where the reflective layer 112 ′ is formed. In this case, it is shown that the reflection layer 112 ′ is connected to the plate 110 by means of the fixing layer 114. However, as with metal paint, the reflection layer 112 ′ can be directly applied to the upper surface of the plate 110 without the fixing reflection layer 114, and the bulk decoration 120 can attached to its upper surface.

On the lower part of the plate 110, there may or may not be additional adhesive material, or an adhesive layer 105 may be formed by additionally applying the adhesive to the lower surface of the plate 110 while using a release film 102 to protect the adhesive layer 105, as shown in figures 4 (a ) -4 (c).

In accordance with the invention, a three-dimensional decoration imitating the effect of the presence of a precious stone can be created in a predetermined area by applying a three-dimensional layer to the upper surface of the reflective layer to give a bulge. At the same time, the size and position of the three-dimensional decoration can be easily controlled, since it is applied by printing, which reduces the manufacturing time, as well as the cost of manufacturing. Thus, a false nail with volumetric decoration can be obtained at low cost, and even if non-professionals have to improve the appearance of the nails, they can easily choose a decor and apply it on the nails, thereby increasing the convenience. Moreover, the method of vacuum forming a false nail plate allows the use of various types of materials in accordance with the required characteristics, and at the same production cost, the number of false nails made is increased compared to the method of manufacturing false nails by injection molding. In addition, since a voluminous decoration is created on the substrate before the formation of the plate, a more refined decor can be created on the surfaces of the false nails.

Although specific embodiments of the invention have been described, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications are possible without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention as defined in its claims.

Claims (16)

1. A method of manufacturing a false nail with volumetric decoration, including the operation of decorating to form a pattern in the form of volumetric decorations and patterns on the substrate; an operation of forming a plate by vacuum molding by drawing the substrate into a mold with a plurality of nail forms; and a cutting operation, during which the retracted substrate is cut into false nails of various shapes to produce false nail plates, the decoration operation including flat printing the pattern on the substrate and forming a transparent three-dimensional decoration so that it transmits light to the area where the pattern is formed .
2. The method according to claim 1, in which, when forming a volumetric decoration, a convex-shaped volumetric layer is created to give a volumetric effect to the pattern, as well as a coating layer applied between the volumetric layer and the pattern to bond the volumetric layer to the pattern.
3. The method of claim 1, wherein the pattern comprises a reflective layer.
4. The method according to claim 3, in which the reflective layer is formed of metal paint.
5. The method according to claim 3, in which the reflective layer is formed from a thin metal film or from a metal powder.
6. The method according to claim 5, in which between the reflective layer and the substrate, an additional fixing layer is formed.
7. The method according to claim 2, in which the bulk layer is formed by silk-screen printing.
8. The method according to claim 2, in which the coating layer is formed from at least one of the following materials: UV curable resin, urethane resin, acrylic resin, cellulose resin, polyester resin, vinyl resin, polyamide resin, epoxy resin, alkyd resin or casein.
9. The method according to claim 2, in which the bulk layer is formed from one of the following materials: epoxy resin, silicone resin, a mixture of epoxy and silicone resins, acrylic resin, urethane resin and a mixture of acrylic and urethane resins.
10. The method according to claim 2, in which the bulk layer further comprises a dye capable of transmitting light to the pattern, and / or reflective sparkles.
11. The method according to claim 2, in which the bulk layer is formed convex with such a curvature that allows you to collect the light in the figure.
12. The method according to claim 11, in which the wetting angle of the bulk layer is from 20 ° to 70 °.
13. The method according to claim 1, in which an adhesive layer and an anti-adhesive film protecting it are additionally applied to the lower surface of the false nail plate.
14. The method according to claim 1, in which the substrate is formed from a mixture or copolymer of at least one of the following materials: polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyurethane (PU), polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC), ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene terephthalate glycol .
15. The method according to claim 1, in which during the formation of the plate, the substrate is heated before placing it in the mold for vacuum molding.
16. The method according to clause 15, further comprising the operation of cooling the retracted substrate, carried out after the formation of the plate and before the cutting operation.
RU2011150084/12A 2011-07-11 2011-12-08 Method for fabrication of false nail with 3d decoration RU2493759C2 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR20110068362 2011-07-11
KR10-2011-0068362 2011-07-11
KR1020110104588A KR101207315B1 (en) 2011-07-11 2011-10-13 Manufacturing method of artificial nail with 3-dimension ornament
KR10-2011-0104588 2011-10-13

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RU2493759C2 true RU2493759C2 (en) 2013-09-27

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RU2011149495/12A RU2537126C2 (en) 2011-07-11 2011-12-05 Decorative sticker for nails and its manufacture method
RU2011150084/12A RU2493759C2 (en) 2011-07-11 2011-12-08 Method for fabrication of false nail with 3d decoration

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KR200487572Y1 (en) * 2016-11-04 2018-10-08 박자영 Sublimating Dye Transfer Jig for Artificial Nail
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RU2011150084A (en) 2013-07-10
BRPI1105975A2 (en) 2013-07-16
KR101207316B1 (en) 2012-12-03
RU2011149495A (en) 2013-06-10
KR101207315B1 (en) 2012-12-03
RU2537126C2 (en) 2014-12-27
BRPI1105971A2 (en) 2014-01-14

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