RU2445424C2 - Method to manufacture panel, first of all floor panel - Google Patents

Method to manufacture panel, first of all floor panel Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2445424C2
RU2445424C2 RU2010114465/03A RU2010114465A RU2445424C2 RU 2445424 C2 RU2445424 C2 RU 2445424C2 RU 2010114465/03 A RU2010114465/03 A RU 2010114465/03A RU 2010114465 A RU2010114465 A RU 2010114465A RU 2445424 C2 RU2445424 C2 RU 2445424C2
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
panel
direction
elastic element
core
ii
Prior art date
Application number
RU2010114465/03A
Other languages
Russian (ru)
Other versions
RU2010114465A (en
Inventor
Рогер БРАУН (CH)
Рогер БРАУН
Карстен ГРЁКЕ (DE)
Карстен ГРЁКЕ
Original Assignee
Кронотек Аг
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102007015048A priority Critical patent/DE102007015048B4/en
Priority to DE102007015048.4 priority
Application filed by Кронотек Аг filed Critical Кронотек Аг
Publication of RU2010114465A publication Critical patent/RU2010114465A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU2445424C2 publication Critical patent/RU2445424C2/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02038Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements characterised by tongue and groove connections between neighbouring flooring elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • F16B5/0004Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship
    • F16B5/0056Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels or the interlocking key perpendicular to the main plane
    • F16B5/0076Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels or the interlocking key perpendicular to the main plane and using expanding clamps
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0138Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels perpendicular to the main plane
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0138Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels perpendicular to the main plane
    • E04F2201/0146Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels perpendicular to the main plane with snap action of the edge connectors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/04Other details of tongues or grooves
    • E04F2201/041Tongues or grooves with slits or cuts for expansion or flexibility
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/16Two dimensionally sectional layer
    • Y10T428/163Next to unitary web or sheet of equal or greater extent
    • Y10T428/164Continuous two dimensionally sectional layer
    • Y10T428/167Cellulosic sections [e.g., parquet floor, etc.]

Abstract

FIELD: construction.
SUBSTANCE: panel at least on two side faces arranged oppositely to each other has the same profiling as two identically made panels arranged as capable of interlocking with each other in horizontal and vertical directions by means of a vertical connection movement. Interlocking in the vertical direction is provided due to a solid elastic element made from a core on a side face. The elastic element is latched to an interlocking edge stretching substantially into the horizontal direction.
EFFECT: improved operational characteristics of the floor.
6 cl, 9 dwg

Description

The invention relates to a method for manufacturing a panel, in particular a floor panel, with a core made of wood-particle material, an upper side and a lower side, the panel having at least two opposing side faces having such profiling that two made identically, the panels are capable of being connected and interlocked with each other in the horizontal and vertical directions by means of a substantially vertical connecting movement, while blocking in the vertical direction is achieved by means of at least one horizontal element movable in the horizontal direction, which, when connected, is latched onto a locking edge extending in a substantially horizontal direction.

A panel of this type is known, for example, from DE 2011 2474 U1 or EP 1350904 A2.

A panel is known from EP 1650375 A1, which is not entirely made of a core. The type of blocking (closure) made on this panel is preferably provided on the transverse side of the floor panel. However, blocking may also be provided on the longitudinal side or on the longitudinal side as well as on the transverse side. The spring element consists of plastic and is inserted into a horizontally extending groove on one of the sides and has a beveled edge on its upper side. Similarly to the door hinge, the spring element due to the beveled edge is pressed in by the new joining panel when it rests on the bevel with its lower side and goes down further. When the new overlay panel is fully lowered to the bottom of the floor, the resilient element snaps into a groove made on the opposite side face. For the manufacture of this elastic element, special tools for injection molding are needed, which is why production is quite expensive. In addition, to achieve sufficient strength values, high-quality plastic must be used, which makes the spring element even more expensive. If plastics with too low strength values are used, this leads to too large deviations of the spring element from the nominal dimensions, since only by this it is guaranteed that the corresponding forces can be generated or transmitted.

Due to the fact that the locking element is made in the form of a separate part, additional costs arise. By virtue of the technology used, the manufacture of the locking element is carried out spatially remote from the panels so that integration into the continuous production process, especially of the floor covering panels, is most likely impossible. Due to various materials, wood-shaving materials on the one hand, and plastic on the other hand, alignment of manufacturing tolerances from two separate production processes is costly and involves high costs. Since blocking in the vertical direction with the missing blocking element would be ineffective, the blocking element must also be secured against falling out of the groove made on the side edge during further manufacturing processes and during transportation. This protection is also costly. Alternatively, the blocking element could be made available to the consumer separately.

Increasingly, the mentioned floor panels are laid (laid on the floor) by non-professionals, so due to the lack of experience it is fundamentally possible that the initially required number of blocking elements is determined incorrectly and they are bought in insufficient quantity in order to completely complete the installation in the room. In addition, it is possible that when inserting spring elements, a layperson makes a mistake, which leads to the fact that precise installation is impossible and the connection breaks up over time, which is attributed by the consumer to the quality supplied by the manufacturer.

From DE 10224540 A1, there are known panels which are profiled on opposite side faces in such a way that hook-shaped connecting elements are formed for locking in the horizontal direction. For locking in the vertical direction on the connecting elements are provided located at a distance from each other horizontally and vertically with geometrical closure elements and corresponding recesses, each of which has a horizontally directed locking surface. The transverse tension of the horizontal locking surfaces thus directed is approximately 0.05-1.0 mm. In order for the adhesion of two panels to remain possible at all, the selection of sizes should be so small. However, a situation inevitably arises that only insignificant, vertically directed forces can be perceived. Thus, manufacturing with extremely small tolerances is necessary in order to ensure that under normal load the joint will not disintegrate (disengage) on already light floor irregularities and / or soft soil.

Based on the described problems, the manufacturing method of the above panel should be improved.

To solve this problem, the method is characterized in that at least one elastic element is released with respect to the core in the direction of the upper side and in the direction of the lateral edge opposite to it, and at the same time it is left connected by at least one of its both ends with the core in the direction of the side face of the panel.

Due to this implementation, production is greatly simplified. Production time and costs are reduced due to the absence of the need to connect and hold various parts. In addition, the end consumer is guaranteed the availability of all parts and the possibility of further work.

Advantageously, at least one elastic element is free with respect to the core in the direction of the upper side and in the direction of the opposite side face and connected by at least one of its both ends, mainly both ends, with the core in the direction of its side face. Using the dimensions of the effective connection of the elastic element with the core, elastic elasticity can be selected.

The release (opening) of the elastic element occurs mainly through a horizontal and vertical groove. Using the width of the groove, not only the strength of the binding of the elastic element to the core material is set, but also by choosing the width of the vertical groove, a stop in the horizontal direction can be obtained for the elastic element so that the element is reliably protected from over-stretching. If several elastic elements located at a distance from each other are provided along the length of the side face, the stability of the joint is increased due to the fact that the free elastic movement in the longitudinal direction of the elastic element is limited. The distance between the individual elastic elements can be selected more or less large. The smaller this distance, the greater the finite effective surface with which the blocking is carried out so that the transmitted forces in the vertical direction are correspondingly large.

Horizontal locking is preferably carried out by means of hook elements corresponding to each other, wherein the hook element on the lateral edge having a locking edge is made by a ledge protruding in the direction of the upper surface and the hook element on the lateral edge having an elastic element by means of a ledge directed towards the lower side.

If the outer edge of the elastic element extends obliquely at an angle to the upper surface, thereby facilitating the connecting movement, since the elastic element flexes elastically with increasing movement inward towards the core of the panel.

A substantially horizontally extending locking edge is advantageously a side wall formed in a side face of the groove.

However, a substantially horizontally extending locking edge may be formed by an outwardly projecting protrusion on the protruding ledge.

In order to achieve as reliable locking as possible in the vertical direction, the ledge protruding downward may have an at least partially flat end surface that ends in the same horizontal plane as the abutment surface formed on the opposite side face so that the two panels connected to each other are supported Each other.

If the hook elements are made in such a way that pre-tension is created at the junction of two panels connected to each other, the side faces of the panels in the upper surface area are pressed against each other by their vertical planes, whereby the upper surfaces of the panels are joined and gaps are prevented.

The following embodiments of the invention are described below with the involvement of images, which show:

figure 1 is a top view of the first panel,

figure 2 - image of two panels connected to each other in section along the section line II-II in figure 1;

figure 3 - corresponding to figure 2 image along the cut line III-III in figure 1;

figure 4 is a first variant of the panel of figure 2 and 3;

figure 5 is a second variant of the panel of figure 2 and 3;

6 is a side view of two panels connected to each other according to the second embodiment;

Fig.7 is a section of two panels connected to each other in Fig.6;

on Fig - another structural embodiment of the panels;

figure 9 is a fourth structural embodiment of the panels.

Panels 1, 2 are identical. They consist of a core made of wood-based material or a mixture of plastic with wood-based material. Panels 1, 2 on their lateral faces I, II located opposite each other are profiled, while the lateral edge I was machined from the upper side I, and the lateral edge II from the lower side 19. An elastic element 3 is made on the lateral side II, which was formed by milling the core 17 by milling a horizontal groove 11 and a substantially vertically extending groove 10. The lateral faces I, II have a length L. In the longitudinal direction of the lateral face II, the elastic element 3 is connected to the core material at its ends 3a, 3b. The separation of the elastic element 3 from the core 17 occurs exclusively due to the grooves 10, 11. The outer edge 3c of the elastic element 3 is inclined to the upper side 18 of the panel 2 at an angle α. The vertical surfaces of the lateral edges I, II are processed in such a way that contact surfaces 15, 16 are formed in the region of the upper side 18.

On the side face I, which is opposite the elastic element 3, the panel 1 is provided with a groove that extends substantially in the horizontal direction 9, the upper side wall of which forms a substantially horizontal fixing edge. As shown in the figures, the bottom of the groove 9 runs parallel to the outer edge 3c of the elastic element 3, which facilitates the manufacture of the groove 9. However, it could also be made exactly in the vertical direction or with an angle deviating from the angle α.

The locking of both panels 1, 2 in the horizontal direction is carried out by stepwise profiling of the hook elements 20, 21 performed by milling, and in the vertical direction by means of the elastic element 3 in combination with the locking edge 4 of the groove 9. On the downwardly extending protrusion 5 of the hook element 21, at least partially flat end surface 12 interacting with the abutment surface 13 located on the hook element 20 opposite the side face I and which is located below the blunt 6. The end surface 12 and the abutment surface 13 end in the same horizontal plane E so that the panels 1, 2 connected to each other rest on one another. The profiling of the hook elements 20, 21 is selected so that pre-tension is created at the junction and the vertical surfaces 15, 16 of the contact of the panels 15, 16 are pressed against each other so that there is no visible gap on the upper side 18 of the two panels 1, 2 connected to each other . To facilitate the joining of panels 1, 2, the bevels are chamfered or rounded on the edges of the ledge 6 of the hook element 20 and the ledge 5 of the hook element 21 protruding downward. To facilitate the manufacture of the elastic element 3, either a horizontally extending groove 11 (FIG. 4) or a substantially vertically extending groove 10 (FIG. 5) can be continuous, that is, extend along the entire length of the side face II.

The panel 2 is connected to the panel 1 already lying on the floor base, during which the panel 2 is applied to the side edge I of the panel 1, and lowered in the direction of the floor base by means of a substantially vertical connecting movement. When the elastic element 3 touches, with its lower edge 3d, the upper side 18 of the panel 1, during its further connecting movement, due to its outer edge 3c passing at an angle α, it is pressed in the direction of the core 17 in contact with the abutment surface 15 so that it deviates in the horizontal direction H Panel 2 goes down further. When the elastic element 3 reaches the position opposite the groove 9, due to the return forces inherent in the material, it is fed back and snaps into the groove 9, where it lies with its essentially horizontally extending upper side 3e to the locking edge 4. At the same time, the hook elements 20, 21 are engaged until the end surface 12 reaches the abutment against the abutment surface 13. After this, the panels 1, 2 are connected and locked to each other. The inner wall 10a of the groove 10 serves as a limitation on the elastic course of the elastic element 3 to prevent the connection of the elastic element 3 with the core 17 at its ends 3a, 3b from breaking due to too deep immersion movement. The surfaces, that is, the height and width with which the ends 3a, 3b are connected to the core 17, determine the degree of elasticity of the elastic element 3. As shown in Figs. 8 and 9, several elastic elements 3 can be made along the length L of the side face II 3. In Figures 8 and 9, two elastic elements 3 are made. It is also quite possible that the elastic elements 3 are made shorter and five, six or even seven or more elastic elements 3 are provided.

In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, the elastic element 3 is made on the lower side 19 of the panels 1, 2. The blocking edge 4 of the side face I is made by the protrusion 8 on the ledge 6. Also in this case, the release of the elastic element 3 occurs through essentially in the horizontal direction H of the groove 11 and the groove 10 extending in the vertical direction V. Also here, one of the grooves 10, 11 can extend along the entire length L of the side face II to simplify the manufacturing method. In this constructive embodiment, the side surfaces 15, 16 are machined so that a blind pocket 14 is formed, with an undercut 7 protruding inside the core 17 on the side face I.

If the vertical groove 10 is made narrow enough, it is also possible that the elastic element 3 remains connected to the core only at one of its ends 3a or 3b. This is explained in a plan view in FIG. 9. This embodiment has the advantage that the elastic element 3 can also expand in the direction of the length L of the side face II. Then the free end 3a or 3b rests on the inner wall 10a of the groove 10.

The cutting of the elastic element 3 occurs in the panel 1, 2 shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 by means of a tool transversely moved to the processing direction. As the tool, milling tools, laser or water-jet cutting tools or also fixed cutters or broaches can be used. In each of the structural examples shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, only one movable tool is needed so that each of the other releases can be performed using conventional, rigidly fixed tools. This reduces the unreleased section, which integrally connects the elastic element 3 with the core 17. By this, it is also possible to establish blocking forces of different strengths. In all structural examples, the interlock is detachable by means of the fact that the panels 1, 2 are displaced relative to each other along the lateral edges I, II or by laterally introducing an unshown unlocking pin at the junction.

Typically, on the upper side 18 of the panel 1, 2, a decor is provided that can be printed directly on the upper side 18. Typically, the decor is coated with a wear-resistant layer in which patterning corresponding to the decor can be extruded.

The type of locking described above is preferably provided on the transverse side of the panels 1, 2, which on their longitudinal side can be connected to each other by insertion at an angle and lowering onto the floor base, as described in DE 10324540 A1. However, this profiling is possible both on the longitudinal sides and on the transverse sides so that the panels can be connected to each other on all side faces by means of only a vertical connecting movement.

Reference List

1 panel

2 panel

3 elastic element

3a end

3b end

3c outer edge

3d bottom edge

3rd upper side

4 locking edge

5 ledge

6 ledge

8 ledge

9 groove

10 groove

10a inner wall

11 groove

12 end surface

13 contact surface

14 blank pocket

15 vertical surface

16 vertical surface

17 core

18 top side

19 inner side

20 hook element

21 hook element

E plane

H horizontal direction

L length

V vertical direction

I side face

II side face

α angle

Claims (6)

1. A method of manufacturing a panel, especially a floor panel (1, 2), with a core of wood-based material or a mixture (17) of plastic with wood-based material, the upper side (18) and the lower side (19),
at the same time, the panel on at least two lateral edges (I, II) located opposite each other has such a profiling that two identically made panels (1, 2) are made with the possibility of connection and blocking with each other in horizontal (V) and a vertical (H) direction by means of a substantially vertical connecting movement,
however, the blocking in the vertical direction (V) is achieved by at least one made with the possibility of movement in the horizontal direction (H), made entirely of a core (17) on the lateral face (II) of the elastic element (3), which, when connected in motion latches onto the locking edge (4) extending substantially in the horizontal direction (H) due to the fact that
at least one elastic element (3) by means of a tool transversely moved towards the processing direction is released with respect to the core (17) in the direction of the upper side (18) and in the direction of the side face (I) located opposite it and at the same time it is left connected at least at least one of its both ends with the core (17) in the direction of the side face (II) of the panel.
2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the tool used is milling tools, laser or water-jet cutting tools, fixed cutters or broaches.
3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the elastic element (3) is left connected to the core (17) at its both ends (3a, 3b).
4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the elastic element (3) is released with respect to the core (17) by means of a substantially horizontal groove (11) and a substantially vertical groove (10).
5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that along the length (L) of the side face (II), several elastic elements (3) located at a distance from each other are released.
6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the outer edge (3c) of the elastic element (3) is chamfered at an angle (α) to the upper surface (18).
RU2010114465/03A 2007-03-26 2008-03-25 Method to manufacture panel, first of all floor panel RU2445424C2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102007015048A DE102007015048B4 (en) 2007-03-26 2007-03-26 Panel, in particular floor panel
DE102007015048.4 2007-03-26

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
RU2008137375/03A Division RU2396398C2 (en) 2007-03-26 2008-03-25 Panel, uppermost floor panel

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
RU2010114465A RU2010114465A (en) 2011-10-20
RU2445424C2 true RU2445424C2 (en) 2012-03-20

Family

ID=39494847

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
RU2008137375/03A RU2396398C2 (en) 2007-03-26 2008-03-25 Panel, uppermost floor panel
RU2010114465/03A RU2445424C2 (en) 2007-03-26 2008-03-25 Method to manufacture panel, first of all floor panel

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
RU2008137375/03A RU2396398C2 (en) 2007-03-26 2008-03-25 Panel, uppermost floor panel

Country Status (18)

Country Link
US (2) US8302361B2 (en)
EP (2) EP1994241B1 (en)
JP (2) JP5069295B2 (en)
KR (1) KR101054373B1 (en)
CN (2) CN102888971B (en)
AT (1) AT470031T (en)
AU (2) AU2008232024B2 (en)
BR (2) BRPI0823263B1 (en)
CA (1) CA2650517C (en)
DE (4) DE102007041024A1 (en)
ES (2) ES2444941T3 (en)
MX (2) MX343782B (en)
PL (2) PL1994241T3 (en)
PT (1) PT1994241E (en)
RU (2) RU2396398C2 (en)
UA (1) UA89589C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2008116623A1 (en)
ZA (1) ZA200808903B (en)

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