RU2388981C2 - Integrated heat tube, its heat exchange mode and method - Google Patents

Integrated heat tube, its heat exchange mode and method Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2388981C2
RU2388981C2 RU2004124253/06A RU2004124253A RU2388981C2 RU 2388981 C2 RU2388981 C2 RU 2388981C2 RU 2004124253/06 A RU2004124253/06 A RU 2004124253/06A RU 2004124253 A RU2004124253 A RU 2004124253A RU 2388981 C2 RU2388981 C2 RU 2388981C2
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heat
absorbing
fluid
thin
closed
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RU2004124253/06A
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Russian (ru)
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RU2004124253A (en
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Хунву ЯН (CN)
Хунву ЯН
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Хунву ЯН
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D15/00Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies
    • F28D15/02Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies in which the medium condenses and evaporates, e.g. heat pipes
    • F28D15/0233Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies in which the medium condenses and evaporates, e.g. heat pipes the conduits having a particular shape, e.g. non-circular cross-section, annular
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D15/00Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies
    • F28D15/02Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies in which the medium condenses and evaporates, e.g. heat pipes
    • F28D15/0208Heat-exchange apparatus with the intermediate heat-transfer medium in closed tubes passing into or through the conduit walls ; Heat-exchange apparatus employing intermediate heat-transfer medium or bodies in which the medium condenses and evaporates, e.g. heat pipes using moving tubes

Abstract

FIELD: heating.
SUBSTANCE: integrated heat tube includes housing forming a closed vacuum chamber having heat transfer medium and a group of heat conductors connected to the closed chamber. Each group contacts the closed chamber and heat transfer medium. Radiating surface of heat tube can be considerably enlarged owing to changes in construction of heat conductors. Method for ensuring large heat dissipation surface for integrated heat tube involves steps at which there made is corrugated thin-wall channel or heat-absorbing construction or any of their combinations. There made is curved surface for corrugated thin-wall channel for fluid medium, or curved surface for thin-wall channel for fluid medium in the form of a closed tube, or curved or bent surface for heat-absorbing construction or any of their combinations. There made is a group of thin-wall channels for fluid medium inside the closed chamber. Method of developing the construction of heat-absorbing end of integrated heat tube, which involves the steps at which the heat-absorbing end shall be smooth and flat or smooth and protruding or smooth and deep, there provided are cavities passing through opposite sides or through one and the same side of the housing. There made is heat-absorbing end of heat tube in the form of closed corrugated thin-wall curved surface; at that, there made are groups of finned curved surfaces, there made is metal plate having cavity, channel for molten substance, and air discharge channel. Method of heat exchange in integrated heat tube, which involves the steps at which there provided is heat absorption owing to contact with heat source on the surface of heat-absorbing end of heat tube housing; at that, heat is transferred to the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber through surface of heat-absorbing housing end. Method of heat exchange in rotary integrated heat tube using liquid medium involves the steps at which there used is round cross-section of heat tube housing as heat-absorbing end for heat absorption owing to contact with heat source during high-speed rotation when heat tube rotates at high speed.
EFFECT: large cooling area, high heat transfer speed, low heat resistance.
63 cl, 23 dwg

Description

Technical field

The present invention relates to a heat transfer technology and method, in particular to an integrated heat pipe and heat transfer method.

State of the art

The development of LSI, universal computing machines, electrical engineering and electronics places higher demands on the heat sink of electronic elements and components. For example, the degree of integration of crystals of central computer processors has grown almost 20,000-fold in only 30 years, and energy consumption has increased to tens of watts from the initial few watts, as a result of which in some cases the heat influx has reached 100 W / cm2. The reliability and life of the computer is closely related to its operating temperature and the required maximum (internal) temperature of the crystals ≤130 ° С and the required surface temperature ≤80 ° С. But the reliability of its operation will increase only by 3.8% with an increase in the temperature of the crystal by 1 ° C, and its service life will increase by 50% with a decrease in the temperature of the crystal by 10%. High speed and a high degree of integration imposes very high requirements for uniform temperature chips. Therefore, heat removal has become an important problem that must be addressed in the research and development of electronic products, and it is directly related to the characteristics, reliability and cost of electronic products.

Initially, there were several heat dissipation technologies for microcircuits, such as a heat sink fan, a heat sink plate, pre-made heat sink holes, a keyboard convection heat sink, heat sink through water cooling, etc. Although the cost of these methods was low, the heat removal effect provided by them was not so high, their reliability was low, and therefore they could not meet the requirements of computer design.

The State Laboratory of Sandia, USA, was the first to use heat pipe technology to heat the computer chips with a pretty good heat sink effect.

Heat pipe technology is a highly efficient heat transfer element and a very efficient heat transfer technology by which heat is transferred through a phase transition process, i.e. a small amount of liquid medium is placed in a closed vacuum chamber of the tube, and the liquid medium is used to absorb heat, evaporates, condenses and removes heat. The heat exchanger based on the heat pipe is designed in such a way that the heat absorbing end and the heat transfer end of several elements of the heat pipe are separated by a partition and the heat absorbing end and heat transfer end are surrounded by products with the formation of two cavities with a certain shape, heat absorbing and heat dissipating, with a hot fluid, passing through the heat sink and cold fluid passing through the heat sink, so that heat is transferred to the cold fluid medium through a heat pipe and through a phase transition of a heat pipe medium. The structural characteristic of the heat pipe is such that the inner chamber of the flexible tube is rarefied and filled with a small amount of liquid medium, and the inner chamber of the channel is large enough so that the liquid-absorbing element ensures liquid return. A single heat pipe can be used as a heat exchanger, but more often heat pipes are composed of several elements of heat pipes used simultaneously.

But today's heat transfer technology for removing heat from flat heat sources, such as computer chips and other electrical and electronic elements and components, is a heat pipe technology on which the pins are made. Those. a groove is made in the metal plate of significant heat conductivity, a heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is installed in the groove, the heat-removing end is installed in a ventilated location, and the metal plate is located horizontally on the heating element. To ensure full contact of the plane of the heat source with the metal plate and to provide it with electrical insulation, the heat-conducting insulating plate is coated with a heat-conducting organosilicon material, placed between them. Heat is transferred through a heat-conducting organosilicon material, through a heat-conducting insulating plate from a heat source to a metal plate, then to a heat pipe, where as a result of a phase transition heat is transferred from the heat-absorbing end to the condensation end, and heat absorbed at the condensation end is transferred through the heat pipe body into another layer of organosilicon material and then into an aluminum radiator with fins. The heat accumulated in the radiator with fins is carried away by forced cold wind, ultimately to reduce the temperature of the heat source. This embedding method does not provide a good heat dissipation effect, since the contact thermal resistance of the element connected to the interphase boundary during the heat transfer process is so great that the heat pipe cannot play the role of highly efficient heat transfer and the heat dissipation provided will be unsatisfactory. In addition, by welding the heat-absorbing end of one or more heat pipes with a metal plate and by installing several groups of ribs to provide heat removal at the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe, the contact thermal resistance at the interface can be reduced and the heat pipe medium cannot have full contact with the source heat and cannot give a very good heat transfer effect.

In the casting field, in order for the melt to solidify immediately in the mold and cool the mold as soon as possible in order to increase the productivity of the molds, the heat-absorbing ends of many heat pipes are sometimes inserted into the main body of the solid shape to take advantage of the inherent characteristic of axial heat transfer of a conventional heat pipe in injection molding and injection molding, and the heat sink end of the heat pipe is introduced into the water-cooled pipe to even out the temperature solid in the mold by means of a heat pipe and significantly improve the heat transfer coefficient of the mold without increasing water consumption. The advantage of this method is that the application of heat pipe technology in foundry provides the latest continuous casting and rolling methods, such as round rolling and circular casting and continuous crystallization, which require heat transfer. To date, in addition to a conventional heat pipe, no new heat transfer technique has been found. However, due to thermal resistance at the boundary between the mold and the heat pipe wall and due to structural limitations, the initial design cannot meet the ever-increasing requirements for the cooling rate of the alloy, including the quick solidification of the alloy in the mold, not to mention certain special and higher requirements.

The technology of rapid solidification of metal consists in fixing metal molecules at a high energy level. Since Duwez invented the technology of rapid hardening in 1960, it has been constantly improved and systematized, and is gradually being mastered by the industry. Due to its high dynamic and good physical and chemical properties, quick hardening metals have attracted the attention of metal experts in many countries, which have invested a lot of labor, materials and money in research. As a result of the development of the last three decades, the technology of rapid solidification and scientific research in connection with it on metals have become one of the important areas of materials science and mechanical engineering. Since the rapid hardening technology is aimed at improving fast cooling and accelerating hardening mainly due to an increase in the hardening speed, the hardening speed is very important for obtaining materials of fast hardening and for their properties.

Currently, there are dozens of methods and types of equipment for the production of quick hardening materials, which are mainly divided into three categories: mold cooling technology, spray technology, and surface melting and deposition technology. According to the basic principle of rapid solidification to disperse the melt and reduce thermal resistance, existing plants include a rotary or fixed cold form (or base), mainly of metals with good thermal conductivity. According to this technology, the heat exchange method consists in creating a channel for the cooling liquid at the base of the equipment, this channel is designed for rapid entrainment of heat absorbed by the base, in order to quickly cool the material of rapid solidification. Due to the limitations of the normal heat transfer mode and the base structure, the contact area between the base and the coolant is small (usually the area of the heat-absorbing end is always larger than the area of the heat-dissipating end) and the contact thermal resistance is significant, while it is difficult for the coolant to immediately carry away a large amount of heat generated by the melt during hardening process. Therefore, it is very difficult to improve and balance the distribution of the thermal field to further increase the rate of heat transfer during the solidification process. In addition, since the temperature of the source of heat balance in the base during operation is quite high, the productivity of the production plant decreases, its service life decreases, its efficiency decreases and the quality deteriorates. There are still no reports of any application of heat pipe technology in the field of rapid solidification technology.

In engineering, nozzles for hot fluid are widely used, in particular a plasma welding torch, a plasma spray nozzle, an electron beam welding torch nozzle, a high power arc welding torch nozzle, etc. When a heat stream with a high temperature passes through the nozzle for a long time in operation, the nozzle is easily damaged, therefore, there is currently a tendency to make nozzles from metals of good thermal conductivity, and in some cases, water cooling of the nozzle is provided. But the effect is not so good, and progress in this area is not observed; leakage of cooling water can interfere with electrical insulation and thereby greatly reduce equipment reliability. Although in some cases the heat pipe technology in the nozzles is still applied, the highly efficient heat transfer of the heat pipe cannot be manifested in this case, since their technical design does not improve to a significant degree the heat-absorbing region of the nozzle and the geometric dimensions of the nozzle are small. Therefore, the existing equipment is still not able to fulfill the requirements of mechanical engineering technology and needs to be improved.

A heat exchanger, including a heat exchanger for heat exchange between types of fluid, is the most common process equipment used in various industries. Over the centuries, attempts to improve the operation of the heat exchanger in order to increase the heat transfer coefficient by various methods, methods and means never stopped. An effective attempt is heat transfer technology using a heat pipe based on a phase transition, including the use of a medium with high thermal conductivity for heat transfer. High heat conductivity, a large heat sink area and a rather low cost price of a heat exchanger based on a heat pipe are taken into account when recovering residual heat in a heat exchange technique. However, the branched distribution of the heat pipe in a conventional heat pipe-based heat exchanger and its square-box design can contaminate the surface of the heat sink, dead spots and swirls of the fluid flow can occur in it, thereby adversely affecting the normal heat transfer and the life of the heat exchanger . The integral design and large volume of a conventional heat exchanger are one of the limiting factors. To date, there are no reports of the use of integrated heat pipe technology in the field of heat exchangers.

Large electric motors, generators and engines are a source of energy for modern industry, the basis of modern technology and technological equipment in the economies of countries. Their general structural characteristic is that they all have a rotating shaft - a rotor, requiring heat removal at any time. If the heat, including the heat radiated inside the rotor, is not removed, then overheating can occur, which will reduce power, weaken the insulation and damage electrical and mechanical equipment, and even lead to its failure. In general, with each degree of temperature increase of the upper limit for a given motor, its service life is reduced by half. For heat removal from the rotor, powerful electric motors and generators are usually cooled by gas circulating in a closed circuit or by means of pipe ventilation, by means of autonomous fan cooling or by a hollow copper winding of a rotor for cooling water flowing through a hollow copper winding, a shaft and a sealed water jacket to remove heat . The technology of heat transfer through a heat pipe based on a phase transition is sometimes used in this way to improve the heat sink of the electric motor rotor: the electric motor shaft is hollow to form a slightly displaced hollow chamber, which passes through the heat-absorbing end and the heat-removing end of the rotor, has a vacuum and is filled with a small amount of liquid medium. The medium absorbs heat, evaporates at the heat-absorbing end, radiates heat and condenses into a liquid at the heat-removing end. The return fluid flows back to the heat-absorbing end along a slope under the influence of centrifugal force. The heat carried away by this medium in the heat sink end is carried away by the cold air pumped by the fan, and the internal heat in the rotor is ultimately removed, thereby creating a reciprocating thermal recycling. Rotating heat pipe technology can have a pretty good effect with respect to the heat sink of the motor rotor. But the above methods have many disadvantages, such as low heat sink and high cost, they also have the common disadvantage, in which the heat sink area is small and the heat sink performance is essentially inappropriate. Ways to improve the heat sink performance for the electric motor rotor and to increase the productivity and reliability of power equipment are a topic that scientists and engineers will have to work all the time.

As indicated above, the existing technology of heat pipe, heat pipe-based heat exchangers and heat transfer technology through heat pipe, originally used in household electrical appliances, is finding an increasing number of applications in areas of advanced technology such as the aerospace industry as a result of its development over the past 50 years or so, due to the simplicity of construction, reliability, high thermal conductivity and easy implementation, therefore, it is currently being used in increasing numbers ve areas. In recent decades, some new designs of the heat pipe and new heat transfer mechanisms have appeared, but so far the ways to increase the heat sink area of the heat pipe in heat exchange technology are mainly to increase the absolute length of the heat sink end of the heat pipe, establish additional finned heat sink plates and increase the number of heat pipes; moreover, the design of the heat exchanger based on the heat pipe is still uniform, the design of the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe and the heat pipe radiator has so far undergone few changes. All these circumstances significantly limited the application and implementation of the heat pipe and heat pipe technology. In particular, with regard to the method of reducing the thermal resistance of the contacted heat source separately from the heat flux in order to increase the heat transfer coefficient, it is difficult for today's heat exchange technology by means of the heat pipe to fully manifest itself due to its special design. For heat removal in a confined space, a special geometric shape and a high heat flux density and heat sink with a significant heat flux in intermittent intervals and in conditions of limited availability of a cold source, it is necessary to improve the existing heat pipe technology.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

One of the objectives of the present invention is to eliminate the disadvantages of the original technology and provide an integrated heat pipe that can increase the heat transfer coefficient and which is an integrated heat pipe with a surface of a complicated shape and with a radial design for the contacted heat source and heat source of the fluid.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide several methods relating to an integrated heat pipe, namely:

a method for producing a large heat sink area for an integrated heat pipe in a small volume, designed to use a heat carrier outside the closed vacuum chamber and / or inside it as a heat sink end to provide a compact space and to obtain a large heat sink surface using a curved shape of the heat carrier;

a method for constructing a heat-absorbing end of an integrated heat pipe, comprising distributing a heat transfer medium at a location closest to the heat-absorbing surface in a closed empty chamber of the heat pipe and performing a surface having a certain shape at the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe in accordance with the design of the heat source and heat conductivity;

a heat exchange method for an integrated heat pipe, according to which internal heat transfer is carried out by means of the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium in the same closed vacuum chamber for heat removal by means of a heat conductor in a thin-walled fluid channel and for heat transfer by means of a hot melt for distributing heat transfer medium into the place closest to the heat-absorbing surface in a closed vacuum chamber, for the entrainment of heat by the heat transfer medium to the place wherein the heat conductor is closest to the heat conductive surface to reduce thermal resistance and enhance heat conduction efficiency; a heat transfer method for a rotating integrated heat pipe by means of a liquid medium, wherein the high-speed rotation of the integrated heat pipe uses centrifugal force to return the liquid medium and to carry out the return of the liquid medium due to the capillary forces of the liquid absorbing heat pipe element and by the adhesive force when the liquid medium rotates at low speed.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a design for several types of products of an integrated heat pipe by a method, including heat dissipation of a computer central processor; heat sink of powerful electrical and electronic elements and components; a heat sink for the cold form of rapidly hardening metal, a heat sink of a rotating heat source or a rotating shaft, such as a quenching roll for a thin strip of rapidly hardening metal, a rotating shaft, a rotating roll, a casting wheel and a rolling circle in metallurgy, an engine rotor and a rotor with blades for a turbine, and heat sink for a plasma torch, plasma spray nozzles, nozzle for an electron beam welding torch, nozzles for a high power arc welding torch STI, and two heat exchanger fluids in the tube and a heater or cooler; and in providing the design of heat sink products in other heat sink applications.

According to one embodiment, an integrated heat pipe is provided, comprising a housing forming a closed vacuum chamber having a heat transfer medium containing a group of heat conductors connected to a closed chamber of the integrated heat pipe from the outside, inside, or outside and inside, with each group in contact with a closed chamber and heat transfer medium in a closed chamber, and the heat transfer medium is a liquid medium capable of heat transfer due to a phase transition, or is highly efficient heat transfer medium that uses other types of heat conduction, wherein the heat conductors are made in the form of a thin-walled channel for a fluid to dissipate heat through a cooling fluid, or in the form of a heat-absorbing structure for absorbing heat, and when the heat conductors are made in the form of a thin-walled channel for a fluid and connected to the closed chamber from the outside, the thin-walled fluid channel is a corrugated curved surface, and when the heat conductors are s in the form of a thin-walled channel for the fluid and connected to the closed chamber inside, the thin-walled channel for the fluid is a closed tube, while when the heat conductors are made in the form of a heat-absorbing structure with good heat conductivity, with high heat capacity and a large surface, and connected to the closed outside, inside, or outside and inside, the heat-absorbing structure is made of a bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material or is made in the form of a combination thereof, it heat conductor are designed as heat-dissipating end and the housing or housing part are designed as heat-absorbing end.

Preferably, the thin-walled fluid channel is a corrugated curved surface when the heat conductors are in the form of a thin-walled fluid channel and connected to the closed chamber from the outside, the corrugated curved surface being parallel, perpendicular, or parallel and perpendicular to the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe, the internal cavities of each group of heat conductors are extensions of the closed chamber, and the outer shell of the closed chamber the outer shell of the thin-walled fluid channel is formed by a housing, and a cooling fluid channel is formed on the outside of the curved surface, and the curved surface of the thin-walled fluid channel is a ribbed surface, columns evenly or unevenly distributed, a surface in the form of an inverted letter “U”, or a combination thereof .

Preferably, the thin-walled channel for the fluid is a closed tube, when the heat conductors are made in the form of a thin-walled channel for the fluid and are connected to the closed chamber inside, while from the fluid inlet to the fluid outlet of the channel for the fluid it passes through a closed chamber between two sides of the closed chamber, between adjacent adjacent sides of the closed chamber, or through one side of the closed chamber, and a channel for cooling is formed inside the thin-walled fluid channel fluid medium.

Preferably, the cross-section of the thin-walled fluid channel has a round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated or other suitable shape, or a combination thereof.

Preferably, the distance between the layers, providing sufficient heat transfer for a given heat transfer medium, when the heat conductors are made in the form of a heat-absorbing structure made of a bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or a combination thereof, with the openings between the layers facing the heat transfer medium, located at the heat absorbing end.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing structure is folded, bent or folded from a membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, flocculus or web, or made of thin-walled tubes inserted in one another or a combination thereof.

Preferably, the heat conductor or heat-absorbing end has a group of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, with additional channels for cold, hot, or cold and hot fluids connected to the two sides, with additional channels for fluids surrounding the corrugated ribbed curved the surface of thin-walled channels for fluids or the corresponding parts of the end cover of a thin-walled channel in the form of a closed tube.

Preferably, the heat conductor of the thin-walled fluid channel has a straight shape, a curved ribbed shape, a straight ribbed shape, mirrored with respect to the base body, an inverted U shape, or a combination thereof, or the thin-walled fluid channel in the form of a closed tube passes through a closed chamber from two opposite or adjacent sides of the closed chamber, while the heat-absorbing end, the housing or part of the housing on the opposite side of the corrugated curved surface of the thin open channels for the fluid, or on the side parallel to the thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, passes through two opposite sides of the closed chamber, and the external shape of the heat-absorbing end corresponds to the shape of the heat source, while the external shape is smooth and flat, or corresponds the external contact surface of the heat source for installation with clamping for a sufficiently tight fit, and when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid heat transfer medium, the heat absorbing the lower part, leaving to the closed chamber, a liquid absorbing element is installed.

Preferably, the tube further comprises a body portion surrounding the closed chamber at the heat-absorbing end having a cross section outside the round shape, and a longitudinal section of a rectangular, cylindrical or other rotation shape suitable for a heat source, a group of thin-walled fluid channels in the form of a closed tube, a group closed and corrugated curved surfaces located at the periphery relative to the axis of the heat pipe, and located inside the closed chamber and passing through the closed cable a gap between two opposite sides perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface, while the cross-section of a thin-walled fluid channel in the form of a closed tube has a round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated or other suitable shape, or a combination thereof, a group of closed and corrugated curved surfaces located on the periphery relative to the axis of the heat pipe and having a curved ribbed shape or other corresponding shape of a curved surface, or a combination thereof, fluid channels connected to thin-walled fluid channels and to the walls of the housing perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface of the housing, the additional channels for the fluid having inlets and outlets for cold fluid, wherein when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium a liquid-absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other effective liquid-absorbing structure is mounted on the inner surface of a round heat the absorbing end of the housing, the outer surface of the round heat-absorbing end of the housing being configured to absorb, solidifying heat and cooling the melt or heat conducted to the surface through contact, the absorbed heat being carried away by the heat transfer medium and dissipated by thin-walled channels for the fluid.

Preferably, the enclosure with a closed and corrugated curved surface at the heat-absorbing end surrounds the closed chamber and is located along the contour of the rotation structure having a cross section with more than three groups of uniformly or symmetrically arranged ribbed curved surfaces with equal or unequal height, while the thin-walled channels in the form of a closed tubes, or closed and corrugated curved surfaces located on the periphery, contain a heat dissipating end located in a closed to amer and passing through it between two opposite sides of the housing perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface, and the cross-section of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, or a combination of these, closed and corrugated curved the surface located on the periphery has a curved ribbed shape, with additional channels for the fluid connected to thin-walled channels for the fluid and with the walls of the casing perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface of the casing, the additional channels for the fluid have inlet and outlet openings for the cold fluid, while when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or another liquid-efficient structure is mounted on the inner surface of the round heat-absorbing end of the housing, the housing with a closed and corrugated curvature its surface, located outside the rotation structure, is made in the form of a heat-absorbing surface for rotation, heat from the shaft and the heat source inside the shaft, or heat generated by the external hot fluid, while the absorbed heat is carried away by the heat transfer medium and, ultimately, dissipated thin-walled fluid channels.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of a heat-absorbing chamber passing through two opposite sides of the housing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber has an inner round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, and the heat-dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of thin-walled fluid channels representing a corrugated ribbed surface or a curved ribbed surface a shaft passing parallel or perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber or a thin-walled fluid channel in the form of a closed tube passing through two opposite sides of the housing and located parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber; moreover, the cross section of the thin-walled fluid channel in the form of a closed tube has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, while when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the construction fluid is mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber crosses the vacuum chamber, with an additional groove for the liquid The hole is made on the lower surface of the liquid-absorbing element, while the closed vacuum chamber of the integrated heat pipe is surrounded by end caps perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber and thin-walled channels for the fluid, and an additional channel for the fluid with a cooling water passage surrounds the thin-walled corrugated fluid channel a ribbed curved surface, or the corresponding parts of the end caps of a thin-walled fluid channel in the form of a closed tube, The heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat due to heat conduction during solidification and cooling of the flowing melt, while the absorbed heat is carried away by the heat transfer medium, and ultimately is scattered by thin-walled channels for the fluid.

Preferably, the group of heat-absorbing cavities passes through the opposite two sides of the housing in a closed chamber, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other shape, while when the heat conductors have a heat-absorbing structure with good heat conductivity, high heat capacity and large surface and connected to a closed chamber outside, inside, or outside and inside, the heat-absorbing structure is made of a bent or twisted membrane, foxes one of a tube or filamentary material, or combinations thereof, the heat-absorbing structure being folded, bent or folded from a membrane or sheet in the form of bee honeycombs, flocculus or web, or made of thin-walled tubes inserted into one another or a combination thereof, the layers being sufficiently spaced to ensure sufficient heat transfer for the heat transfer medium, the openings between the layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end, while when the integrated heat pipe uses liquid medium, a liquid-absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other liquid-efficient structure absorber is mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and due to heat conduction, the heat-absorbing chamber absorbs the heat released from solidification and cooling of the continuing melt which is carried away by the heat transfer medium into the heat absorbing structure and dissipated by the heat absorbing structure.

Preferably, the housing or part thereof, made in the form of a heat-absorbing end, is smooth and flat, or corresponding to the heat-absorbing end of another heat pipe, the two heat pipes being connected to a molded plate of high conductivity metal containing a cavity, while the molded plate has channels for hot molten matter and air exit channels, the heat-absorbing ends of the heat pipes and the molded plate of high conductivity metal surround the cavity in the molded plate the formation of a heat-absorbing chamber, while when the heat conductors have a heat-absorbing structure with good heat conductivity, high heat capacity and a large surface, and are connected to a closed chamber from the outside, inside, or outside and inside, the heat-absorbing structure is made of a bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or a combination thereof, the heat-absorbing structure is also folded, bent or folded from a membrane or sheet in the form of bee honeycombs, flocculus or canvas, or one of the thin-walled tubes inserted into one another or a combination thereof, the layers being sufficiently spaced to provide sufficient heat transfer for the heat transfer medium, the openings between the layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end, and when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium that absorbs liquid element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other structure which is effectively absorbing liquid is mounted on the outer surface, where transversely The cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, while the heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat due to heat conduction from cooling and cooling of the passing melt, which is carried away by the heat transfer medium into the heat-absorbing structure and dissipated by the heat-absorbing structure.

Preferably, the housing or part thereof, made in the form of a heat-absorbing end, is smooth and flat, or a corresponding metal end plate with high heat conductivity, the heat pipe and the end plate being connected to a molded plate of high conductivity metal containing a cavity, while the molded plate has channels for the hot molten substance and channels for the exit of air, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe, the metal end plate of a metal of high heat of water and a molded plate of metal with high thermal conductivity surround the cavity in the molded plate to form a heat-absorbing chamber, while when the heat conductors have a heat-absorbing structure with good heat conductivity, high heat capacity and a large surface, and are connected to the closed chamber outside, inside, or outside and inside, the heat-absorbing structure is made of a bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or a combination thereof, and the heat-absorbing structure is light folded, bent, or folded from a membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, flocculus or web, or made of thin-walled tubes inserted one into another or a combination thereof, the layers being spaced to provide sufficient heat transfer for the heat transfer medium, with the openings between the layers facing the heat transfer a medium located in the heat-absorbing end, wherein when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid-absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other effect A liquid-absorbing structure is mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and the heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat from the solidification and cooling of the passing melt, which is carried away by the heat transfer medium into the heat-absorbing structure and dissipated by the heat-absorbing structure.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of a heat-absorbing chamber passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a circular inner shape or other suitable shape, and the longitudinal section of the heat-absorbing cavities has an external shape of an inverted rectangle cone or other form of rotation suitable for a heat source, the heat dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of for cold fluid parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber with a longitudinal section having the external shape of a rectangle, an inverted cone or a shape suitable for interaction with a corrugated curved surface or ribbed surface located on the surface of revolution, or gear surface located on the surface of rotation in the form inverted cone, or corrugated curved surface for a thin-walled fluid channel, evenly or unevenly positioned on the surface of rotation in the form of an inverted cone, and outside the corrugated thin-walled fluid channel surrounds the housing to form an additional fluid channel to accelerate the flow of cold fluid, while when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid absorbing element in the form grooves or sintered metal powder or other liquid-absorbing structure efficiently mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section of the heat-absorbing stone It intersects with a vacuum chamber, and due to thermal conductivity, the heat-absorbing chamber absorbs the heat generated by the high-temperature fluid, which is carried away by the heat-transfer medium into the thin-walled channel for the fluid, and, ultimately, is dissipated by the cold fluid passing outside the corrugated thin-walled channel for fluid medium.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of many groups of heat-absorbing chambers passing through two opposite sides of the housing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated internal shape or other suitable shape, or a combination thereof the heat-dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of a thin-walled channel for a fluid parallel to the axis of the heat of the absorbing chamber and having a corrugation a curved curved surface or a curved ribbed surface outside the closed chamber, while when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, a liquid absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other liquid efficiently absorbing structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross section of the heat absorbing chamber intersects with a vacuum chamber, and the additional groove for the liquid medium is made on the lower surface of the liquid absorbing ele entent, the heat-absorbing chamber, the corrugated thin-walled fluid channel outside the closed chamber, and the end caps of the housing perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber surround the closed chamber of the heat pipe, and an additional channel for hot fluid with an inlet and outlet for hot or cold fluid surrounds two sides of the housing end caps, with an additional channel for cold fluid with an inlet and outlet for hot or cold fluid surrounding a corrugated thin-walled wall al fluid outside the closed chamber and forms a heat pipe heat exchanger with an integrated heat pipe for heat transfer between two kinds of fluid.

Preferably, the tube is used to remove heat in the manufacture of preforms of non-crystalline, microcrystalline and subcrystalline rapidly solidifying metal.

According to another embodiment, an integrated heat pipe is provided comprising a housing forming a closed vacuum chamber having a heat transfer medium comprising a housing or part of the housing made in the form of a heat-absorbing end, a group of heat-absorbing cavities that pass through a housing installed in a closed chamber, an outer shell surrounding a closed chamber, which is a rotation structure surrounding a closed chamber, or a rotation structure surrounding a closed chamber with a corrugated curved the surface located on the rotation structure, the end surface or a part of the end surface that is perpendicular to the axis of the heat pipe, while the external shape of the heat-absorbing end corresponds to the shape of the heat source for a tight fit, while the external shape has groups of corrugated curved surfaces, groups of curved surfaces of closed tubular thin-walled channels for a fluid, or a combination thereof, the heat transfer medium being in a closed vacuum chamber on a heat-absorbing NCU near the heat-absorbing surface.

Preferably, the group of heat-absorbing cavities passes through the housing between two opposite sides of the housing, between adjacent sides of the housing, or through one side of the housing, the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities having a round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated or other suitable shape.

Preferably, the shell in the form of a rotation structure surrounding the closed chamber at the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe has a cross section outside the round shape, and a longitudinal section of a rectangular, cylindrical or other rotation shape suitable for the heat source.

Preferably, the outer shell of the corrugated curved surface is arranged on a rotation structure to surround a closed chamber at a heat-absorbing end having a cross section with more than three groups of uniformly or symmetrically arranged ribbed curved surfaces of equal or unequal height.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing end of the housing is an end surface or part of an end surface that is perpendicular to the axis of the heat pipe, and the external shape of the heat-absorbing end corresponds to the shape of a heat source for a snug fit, while the external shape is smooth and flat, or smooth and protruding, or smooth and deep , or corresponds to the external contact surface of the heat source for installation with clamping for a sufficiently tight fit.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing end of the housing comprises surface groups of a closed tubular thin-walled fluid channel located inside the closed chamber, from the fluid inlet to the fluid outlet in the fluid channels pass through the closed chamber between two sides of the closed chamber, between adjacent sides of the closed chamber or through one side of a closed chamber, and a channel for a cooling fluid is formed inside the thin-walled fluid channels.

Preferably, the cross-section of the thin-walled fluid channel is round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated, or has another suitable shape, or a combination thereof.

Preferably, the liquid absorbing element is mounted on the inner surface of the housing in a closed chamber when the heat absorbing end of the housing uses a liquid heat transfer medium, the inner surface being opposite to the heat absorbing surface and entering the closed chamber, the liquid absorbing element being a groove, a sieve, a fiber bundle with a spring , sintered metal powder, their combination or other design.

Preferably, the heat conductor or heat-absorbing end has a group of thin-walled fluid channels in the form of a closed tube, with additional channels for fluid with passages for cold, hot, or cold and hot fluids connected to the walls of the housing, with additional channels for fluid media surround the corrugated ribbed curved surface of the thin-walled fluid channels or the corresponding parts of the end cover of the thin-walled fluid channel in the form Closing the tube.

Preferably, the heat conductor of the thin-walled fluid channel has a straight shape, a curved ribbed shape, mirrored with respect to the base body, an inverted U shape, or a combination thereof, or a thin-walled fluid channel in the form of a closed tube passes through a closed chamber from two opposite or adjacent sides of the closed chamber, while the heat-absorbing end, the housing or part of the housing on the opposite side of the corrugated curved surface of thin-walled channels for flowing medium, or on the side parallel to the thin-walled fluid channels in the form of a closed tube, passes through two opposite sides of the closed chamber, the external shape of the heat-absorbing end corresponding to the shape of the heat source, while the external shape is smooth and flat, or corresponds to the external contact surface heat source for installation with clamping for a sufficiently tight fit, moreover, when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid heat transfer medium on a heat-absorbing lower part, leaving to the closed chamber, a liquid absorbing element is installed.

Preferably, the tube further comprises a body portion surrounding the closed chamber at the heat-absorbing end having a cross section outside the round shape, and a longitudinal section of a rectangular, cylindrical or other rotation shape suitable for a heat source, a group of thin-walled fluid channels in the form of a closed tube, a group closed and corrugated curved surfaces located at the periphery relative to the axis of the heat pipe, and located inside the closed chamber and passing through the closed cable a gap between two opposite sides perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface, while the cross-section of a thin-walled fluid channel in the form of a closed tube has a round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated or other suitable shape, or a combination thereof, a group of closed and corrugated curved surfaces located on the periphery relative to the axis of the heat pipe and having a curved ribbed shape or other surface shape, or a combination thereof, additional channels for the fluid, with united with thin-walled channels for the fluid and with the walls of the housing perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface of the housing, the additional channels for the fluid having inlet and outlet openings for cold fluid, while when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid absorbing element in the form of a groove or a sintered metal powder or other liquid-absorbing structure efficiently mounted on the inner surface of the round heat-absorbing end of the housing, What is more, the outer surface of the round heat-absorbing end of the housing is capable of absorbing, during rotation, solidification heat and cooling of the melt or heat conducted to the surface through contact, while the absorbed heat is carried away by the heat transfer medium and dissipated by thin-walled channels for the fluid.

Preferably, the enclosure with a closed and corrugated curved surface at the heat-absorbing end surrounds the closed chamber and is located along the contour of the rotation structure having a cross section with more than three groups of uniformly or symmetrically arranged ribbed curved surfaces with equal or unequal height, while the thin-walled channels in the form of a closed tubes, or closed and corrugated curved surfaces located on the periphery, contain a heat dissipating end located in a closed to amer and passing through it between two opposite sides of the housing perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface, and the cross-section of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, or a combination thereof, with additional channels for the fluid connected to thin-walled channels for the fluid and with the walls of the housing perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface of the housing, with additional channels for fluid media have inlet and outlet openings for cold fluid, and when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing liquid of the structure is mounted on the inner surface of the round heat-absorbing end of the housing, and with a closed and corrugated curved surface, located outside the rotation structure, made in the form of a heat-absorbing surface for absorption When the rotation shaft and the heat from the heat source within the shaft, or heat generated by the external hot fluid, the absorbed heat is carried away by the heat transfer medium and, ultimately dissipated thin-walled channels for a fluid.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of a heat-absorbing chamber passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber has an inner round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, or a combination thereof, which is heat dissipating the end of the heat pipe is made in the form of thin-walled channels for the fluid, representing a corrugated straight ribbed surface or curve linear ribbed surface extending parallel or perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber, or a thin-walled fluid passage in the form of a closed tube extending through two opposite sides of the housing and extending parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber; moreover, the cross section of the thin-walled fluid channel in the form of a closed tube has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, while when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the construction fluid is mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber crosses the vacuum chamber, with an additional groove for the liquid The hole is made on the lower surface of the liquid-absorbing element, while the closed vacuum chamber of the integrated heat pipe is surrounded by end caps perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber and thin-walled channels for the fluid, and an additional channel for the fluid with a cooling water passage surrounds the thin-walled corrugated fluid channel a ribbed curved surface, or the corresponding parts of the end caps of a thin-walled fluid channel in the form of a closed tube, The heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat due to heat conduction during solidification and cooling of the flowing melt, while the absorbed heat is carried away by the heat transfer medium, and ultimately is scattered by thin-walled channels for the fluid.

Preferably, the group of heat-absorbing cavities passes through the opposite two sides of the housing in a closed chamber, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other shape, while when the heat conductors have a heat-absorbing structure with good heat conductivity, high heat capacity and large surface and connected to a closed chamber outside, inside, or outside and inside, the heat-absorbing structure is made of a bent or twisted membrane, foxes one of a tube or filamentary material, or combinations thereof, the heat-absorbing structure being folded, bent or folded from a membrane or sheet in the form of bee honeycombs, flocculus or web, or made of thin-walled tubes inserted into one another or a combination thereof, the layers being sufficiently spaced to ensure sufficient heat transfer for the heat transfer medium, the openings between the layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end, while when the integrated heat pipe uses liquid medium, a liquid-absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other liquid-efficient structure absorber is mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and due to heat conduction, the heat-absorbing chamber absorbs the heat released from solidification and cooling of the continuing melt which is carried away by the heat transfer medium into the heat absorbing structure and dissipated by the heat absorbing structure.

Preferably, the housing or part thereof, made in the form of a heat-absorbing end, is smooth and flat, or corresponding to the heat-absorbing end of another heat pipe, the two heat pipes being connected to a molded plate of high conductivity metal containing a cavity, while the molded plate has channels for hot molten matter and air exit channels, the heat-absorbing ends of the heat pipes and the molded plate of high conductivity metal surround the cavity in the molded plate the formation of a heat-absorbing chamber, while when the heat conductors have a heat-absorbing structure with good heat conductivity, high heat capacity and a large surface, and are connected to a closed chamber from the outside, inside, or outside and inside, the heat-absorbing structure is made of a bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or a combination thereof, wherein the heat-absorbing structure is folded, bent, or folded from a membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, flocculus or web, or is made and thin-walled tubes inserted into one another or a combination thereof, the layers being sufficiently spaced to provide sufficient heat transfer for the heat transfer medium, the openings between the layers facing the heat transfer medium located at the heat-absorbing end, and when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other structure which is effectively absorbing liquid, is mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section The heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, while the heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat due to heat conduction from the solidification and cooling of the passing melt, which is carried away by the heat-transfer medium into the heat-absorbing structure and dissipated by the heat-absorbing structure.

Preferably, the housing or part thereof, made in the form of a heat-absorbing end, is smooth and flat, or a corresponding metal end plate with high heat conductivity, the heat pipe and the end plate being connected to a molded plate of high conductivity metal containing a cavity, while the molded plate has channels for the hot molten substance and channels for the exit of air, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe, the metal end plate of a metal of high heat of water and a molded plate of metal with high thermal conductivity surround the cavity in the molded plate to form a heat-absorbing chamber, while when the heat conductors have a heat-absorbing structure with good heat conductivity, high heat capacity and a large surface, and are connected to the closed chamber outside, inside, or outside and inside, the heat-absorbing structure is made of a bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or a combination thereof, and the heat-absorbing structure is light folded, bent, or folded from a membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, flocculus or web, or made of thin-walled tubes inserted one into another or a combination thereof, the layers being spaced to provide sufficient heat transfer for the heat transfer medium, with the openings between the layers facing the heat transfer a medium located in the heat-absorbing end, wherein when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid-absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other effect A liquid-absorbing structure is mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and the heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat from the solidification and cooling of the passing melt, which is carried away by the heat transfer medium into the heat-absorbing structure and dissipated by the heat-absorbing structure.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of a heat-absorbing chamber passing through two opposite sides of the casing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a circular inner shape or other suitable shape, and the longitudinal section of the heat-absorbing cavities has an external shape of an inverted rectangle cone or other form of rotation suitable for a heat source, the heat-dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of for cold fluid parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber with a longitudinal section having the external shape of a rectangle, an inverted cone or a shape suitable for interaction with a corrugated surface or a curved ribbed surface located on the surface of revolution, or a gear surface located on the surface of rotation in the form inverted cone, or corrugated curved surface for a thin-walled fluid channel, uniformly or unevenly located on the surface of rotation in the form of an inverted cone, and outside the corrugated thin-walled fluid channel surrounds the housing to form an additional fluid channel to accelerate the flow of cold fluid, while when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid absorbing element in the form grooves or sintered metal powder or other liquid-absorbing structure efficiently mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber It intersects with a vacuum chamber, and due to thermal conductivity, the heat-absorbing chamber absorbs the heat generated by the high-temperature fluid, which is carried away by the heat-transfer medium into the thin-walled channel for the fluid, and, ultimately, is dissipated by the cold fluid passing outside the corrugated thin-walled channel for fluid medium.

Preferably, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of many groups of heat-absorbing chambers passing through two opposite sides of the housing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated internal shape or other suitable shape, or a combination thereof the heat-dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of a thin-walled channel for a fluid parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber and having a corrugation an rounded ribbed curved surface outside the closed chamber, and when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other structure that effectively absorbs liquid is mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, moreover, an additional groove for the liquid medium is made on the lower surface of the liquid absorbing element, while heat absorbing a chamber, a corrugated thin-walled fluid channel outside the closed chamber, and end caps of the housing perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber surround the closed chamber of the heat pipe, and an additional channel for hot fluid with inlet and outlet for hot or cold fluid surrounds two sides of the end caps of the housing, wherein an additional channel for cold fluid with inlet and outlet for hot or cold fluid surrounds the corrugated thin-walled channel for fluid outside rytoy chamber and forms a heat pipe heat exchanger integrated with the heat pipe for heat transfer between two kinds of fluid.

Preferably, the tube is used to remove heat in the manufacture of preforms of non-crystalline, microcrystalline and subcrystalline rapidly solidifying metal.

According to yet another embodiment, a method is provided for providing a large surface for heat dissipation in a small volume for an integrated heat pipe, comprising the steps of:

a) provide a corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid or a thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, or a heat-absorbing structure with good heat conductivity, high heat capacity and a large surface, or any combination of them outside, inside, or outside and inside the closed chamber, for a larger compactness, b) provide a curved surface for a corrugated thin-walled channel for a fluid, or a curved surface for a thin-walled channel for a fluid in the form of a closed pipe ki, or a curved or bent surface for a heat-absorbing structure, or any combination of them outside, inside, or outside and inside a closed chamber to increase the heat dissipation surface, c) provide a group of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube inside a closed chamber in a rotation structure to increase the heat dissipation surface of the heat pipe, while the heat pipe has a spiral shape.

According to yet another embodiment, a method is proposed for constructing a heat-absorbing end of an integrated heat pipe, comprising the steps of: a) performing a heat-absorbing end corresponding to the shape of a heat source for a tight fit, smooth and flat, smooth and protruding, smooth and recessed, or according to an external contact the surface of the heat source for installation with clamping or a tight fit when the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is a side surface or part of a side surface a tee located vertically to the axis of the heat pipe, b) provide cavities passing through opposite sides located adjacent to the side, or through the same side of the housing, when the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is a group of heat-absorbing cavities that pass through the housing and a closed chamber while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated shape or other suitable shape c) perform heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe in the form of rotation instructions surrounding a closed chamber with an external circular cross-section and a longitudinal section in the form of a rectangle, cylinder or other body of revolution, which is suitable for a heat source, d) perform the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe in the form of a closed corrugated thin-walled curved surface surrounding a closed chamber with a round section or another section of a suitable shape, while providing more than three groups of uniformly or symmetrically located ribbed curved surfaces of the same or of different heights, which have a curved ribbed shape or other curved surfaces, and combinations thereof, wherein the longitudinal section is rectangular, cylindrical, or has another rotation shape suitable for a heat source, e) provide a metal molded plate with high thermal conductivity having a cavity, a channel for hot molten material, and an air outlet for receiving a heat-absorbing chamber of the heat pipe between the surface of the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe and a molded plate with high thermal conductivity, and the specified metal molded plate with high thermal conductivity, having a cavity, a channel for hot molten material, and a channel for discharging air to obtain a heat-absorbing chamber of an integrated heat pipe and a plurality of heat-absorbing cavities formed by heat-absorbing end surfaces of the heat pipes, installed between the heat-absorbing end of two heat pipes, e) provide a heat transfer medium in a closed chamber e in the housing or a part of a heat pipe as a heat absorbing body near the heat absorption end surface, the liquid absorbing member disposed near the heat absorbing surface in the closed chamber, when using a liquid medium.

According to another embodiment, a heat exchange method is proposed in an integrated heat pipe, comprising the steps of:

a) provide heat absorption by contacting with a heat source on the surface of the heat-absorbing end of the casing of the heat pipe, while heat is transferred to the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber through the surface of the heat-absorbing end of the casing, and the heat transfer medium absorbs heat or evaporates to quickly dissipate the absorbed heat, and outside, inside, or outside and inside the closed chamber, a heat conductor is used as the heat-dissipating end, while the heat-absorbing structure absorbs or transfers heat absorbed by the heat transfer medium, b) provide heat transfer from the heat transfer medium by means of a low-temperature fluid in a thin-walled fluid channel made outside, inside, or outside and inside a closed chamber, c) provide heat absorption from the heat transfer medium by means of heat absorption a design made outside, inside, or outside and inside a closed chamber, d) provide a heat transfer medium in the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe near the heat -rotating surface in a closed chamber, and the heat transfer medium is used to transfer heat to the short heat-dissipating surface heat conductor to reduce the thermal resistance, improve the thermal conductivity and increasing the heat transfer rate.

According to yet another embodiment, a heat exchange method is provided in a rotating integrated heat pipe using a liquid medium, comprising the steps of: a) using a circular cross section of the heat pipe body as a heat-absorbing end to absorb heat by contacting a heat source during high-speed rotation, when the heat pipe rotates at high speed, the heat is transferred to the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber, which is thrown to the inner surface the walls of the heat-absorbing end by centrifugal force, and the heat transfer medium absorbs heat and evaporates quickly, while the saturated steam filling the closed chamber condenses into the liquid from the surface of the thin-walled channel for the fluid in contact with the low-temperature thin-walled channel for the fluid, with steam being removed, a thin-walled fluid channel transfers potential heat of vaporization to a cold medium that is outside the closed chamber of the thin-walled fluid channel, and then cold liquid carries away heat absorbed by the heat pipe, while the liquid that has condensed on the surface of the thin-walled fluid channel quickly accumulates and is again thrown onto the inner wall surface of the heat-absorbing end due to centrifugal force to ensure the start of a new cycle of the heat transfer process, which is repeated by cycles while providing a large area of heat dissipation and use a phase transition to transfer heat evenly with the same temperature over the entire area heat dissipation, while the centrifugal force of the rotating heat pipe causes the liquid to pass to the heat-absorbing end and completely reduces the thermal resistance of the interface during heat absorption with a phase transition, for optimal heat transfer, b) use a circular cross section of the heat pipe body as a heat-absorbing end for absorption heat due to contact with the heat source during low-speed rotation, when the heat pipe rotates at low speed, while The heat transfer medium is transferred to the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber in which the liquid absorbing element is installed on the inner surface of the wall of the heat absorbing end due to the adhesive force of the liquid medium, while the heat transfer medium absorbs heat and quickly evaporates, and saturated vapor filling the closed chamber condenses into a liquid from the surface of a thin-walled channel for a fluid in contact with a low-temperature thin-walled channel for a fluid, with the removal of steam, while a thin-walled channel for a By transferring the medium, the potential heat of vaporization is transferred to the cold fluid outside the closed chamber of the thin-walled fluid channel, and the cold liquid then carries away heat absorbed by the heat pipe, and the liquid condensed on the surface of the thin-walled channel for the fluid quickly accumulates and is discarded under its own weight again in the lower position in the closed chamber of the heat pipe, while the liquid medium is absorbed in the liquid absorbing element of the heat pipe and is brought into contact with the source m of heat under the influence of capillary forces to start a new cycle of the heat transfer process, which is repeated in cycles, while providing a large heat dissipation area and use a phase transition for heat transfer evenly at the same temperature over the entire heat dissipation area, while the capillary forces of the liquid absorbing heat pipe element and The adhesive forces of the heat medium’s liquid medium cause the liquid to pass through to the heat-absorbing end for optimal heat transfer.

According to another embodiment, an integrated heat pipe is proposed comprising a closed chamber and a housing having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium, comprising a heat conductor mounted outside the closed vacuum chamber, the heat conductor being a corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel for a fluid, with twelve short ribs and twelve long ribs are located radially to the axis of the heat pipe, while inside each corrugated long rib and short rib the inner cavity of the heat conductor is called, which is connected to the closed vacuum chamber as a continuation of the closed vacuum chamber, and outside of each corrugated long rib or short rib there is a channel for the fluid of the heat conductor, which is in contact with the cold liquid and forms the surface of heat dissipation of the heat conductor, while a group of heat conductors uses the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium in it, while the wall of the integrated heat pipe is formed by a wall minutes closed vacuum chamber and the wall of the corrugated thin-wall fluid channel, wherein to ensure normal heat conduction in an inclined position in a closed vacuum chamber is mounted liquid absorbing member when the heat absorption when the phase change heat transfer medium is used liquid.

Preferably, the tube is used to radiate such a solid heat source in which thermal conductivity is the main form of radiation, for example, a central processor, a video card, a high-power electrical and electronic component.

According to another embodiment, an integrated heat pipe is proposed comprising a closed chamber and a housing having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium containing heat conductors installed outside the closed vacuum chamber, the heat conductors being corrugated parallel straight straight ribbed thin-walled channels for a fluid, with thirteen groups finned thin-walled fluid channels are parallel with the same distance from one side of the housing to against on the opposite side of the heat-absorbing end of the housing, while inside each corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel for a fluid, an internal cavity of a heat conductor is formed that connects a closed vacuum chamber and is also a continuation of a closed vacuum chamber, and a channel for a fluid is formed outside of each group of corrugated ribbed thin-walled channels for a fluid the environment of the heat conductor, which is in contact with a cold liquid and is also the surface of heat dissipation of the heat conductor, in addition, each group of heat conductors uses the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium in it, while the case of the integrated heat pipe is formed by the wall of the closed vacuum chamber and the wall of the corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid, and to ensure normal thermal conductivity in an inclined position in the closed vacuum a liquid-absorbing element is installed in the chamber when a liquid heat-transfer medium is used during heat absorption with a phase transition.

Preferably, the tube is used to radiate such a solid heat source in which thermal conductivity is the main form of radiation, for example, a central processor, a video card, a high-power electrical and electronic component.

According to another embodiment, an integrated heat pipe is proposed comprising a closed chamber and a housing having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium containing eleven groups of heat conductors installed inside a closed vacuum chamber surrounded by a rectangular housing, the left and right end plates of the housing, the heat conductor being thin-walled fluid channel formed by a thin-walled pipe of rectangular cross section and passing through two sides of the end housing plates, the outer wall of each thin-walled pipe of rectangular cross section formed by the internal cavity of the heat conductor, which is connected to the closed vacuum chamber and also located in it, while the inner wall of each thin-walled pipe of rectangular cross section is formed by a channel for the fluid of the heat conductor, which is in contact with cold liquid and is also the surface of heat dissipation of the heat conductor, with each group of heat conductors using the same closure a thawed vacuum chamber and a heat transfer medium in it, and to ensure normal thermal conductivity in an inclined position, the liquid absorbing element is installed in a closed vacuum chamber when a liquid heat transfer medium is used during heat absorption with a phase transition.

Preferably, the tube is used to radiate such a solid heat source in which thermal conductivity is the main form of radiation, for example, a central processor, a video card, a high-power electrical and electronic component.

According to another embodiment, an integrated heat pipe is proposed comprising a closed chamber and a housing having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium containing nine groups of columnar heat conductors installed outside the closed vacuum chamber, while the lower heat-absorbing end housing is a structure of a thin-walled and hollow rectangular plate , the upper thin-walled hollow rectangular plate opposite the casing of the lower heat-absorbing end and which is a mirror nine portions of a columnar thin-walled pipe, and the inner surface of each heat conductor in the form of a thin-walled tube forms the inner cavity of the heat conductor, which is connected to the closed vacuum chamber and is its continuation, and the outer surface of each heat conductor in the form of a thin-walled tube forms a channel for the heat conductor fluid, which contacts fuses with a cold liquid and is the surface of heat conduction of heat of the heat conductor, and to increase the surface of heat dissipation of the heat conductor in the form of a thin-walled tube in a thin-walled hollow rectangular plate, there are twelve groups of radiators that pass through it, closely correspond to it and parallel to it, each group of heat conductors uses the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium in it, and to ensure normal thermal conductivity in an inclined position in a closed wa Uspekhi Mat chamber mounted liquid absorbing member when the heat absorption when the phase change heat transfer medium is used liquid.

Preferably, the tube is used to radiate such a solid heat source in which thermal conductivity is the main form of radiation, for example, a central processor, a video card, a high-power electrical and electronic component.

According to another embodiment, an integrated heat pipe is proposed comprising a closed chamber and a housing having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium / containing heat conductors installed in a closed vacuum chamber surrounded by a columnar or other shape housing and end plates of the housing, while heat-absorbing cavities are located in the housing pass through it and are made in the form of a heat-absorbing end tightly corresponding to the graphite insert, with the central hole of the graphite the insert is a channel for molten metal with an entrance for molten metal and an outlet for a cast ingot, the channel for lubricating oil is located between the heat-absorbing chamber and the graphite insert, moreover, the heat conductors are made in the form of a thin-walled channel for the fluid formed by 80 groups of thin-walled circular tubes and passing through end plates located on opposite sides of the housing, with the outer wall of each thin-walled tube of circular cross section forming the inner cavity of the heat conductor, which is connected to the closed vacuum chamber and is located in it, and the inner wall of each thin-walled tube of circular cross section forms a channel for the fluid of the heat conductor, which is in contact with the cold liquid and is the surface of heat dissipation of the heat conductor, each group of heat conductors uses the same closed the vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium in it, and to ensure normal heat conductivity of the closed vacuum chamber as heat absorption At the end, a liquid-absorbing element is installed on the inner wall of the heat-absorbing chamber in a closed vacuum chamber, when a liquid heat-transfer medium is used for heat absorption with a phase transition.

Preferably, the tube is used for the mold in the continuous casting of ingots and a device for the production of wire of rapidly solidifying metal in metallurgy.

According to another embodiment, an integrated heat pipe is proposed comprising a closed chamber and a housing having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium containing a heat-absorbing end of the housing located vertically to the axis of the heat pipe and being the surface of a heat pipe located outside the closed vacuum chamber, while the heat conductors are located inside a closed vacuum chamber surrounded by a housing of a heat-absorbing type integrated heat pipe, the heat conductor being It includes a heat-absorbing structure made of metal with a high coefficient of thermal conductivity, large heat capacity, large area, and easily absorbing and storing heat so that the heat-absorbing structure is the heat-absorbing end of latent heat and is located in the integrated heat pipe, while the heat-absorbing structure is made of copper foil with a large surface area, twisted and curved, and the distance between the layers is sufficient to ensure optimal thermal conductivity eploperedayuschey medium, the opening between layers faces the heat absorption end and heat absorbing structure enclosed in the closed chamber via the housing and the heat absorbing end of the housing, wherein the cavity has a vacuum and filled with heat transfer medium for the formation of integrated heat pipe type heat sink.

Preferably, the tube is used for the mold in the continuous casting of ingots and a device for the production of wire of rapidly solidifying metal in metallurgy.

According to another embodiment, an integrated heat pipe is proposed comprising a closed chamber and a housing having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium having a circular cross section and a rectangular longitudinal section, the heat-absorbing end of the housing being located outside the closed chamber, the heat conductors being located inside the closed vacuum chamber, surrounded by a columnar body and end plates, while the heat conductors are made in the form of a thin-walled channel for the fluid, called 110 groups of thin-walled circular tubes and passing through end plates located on opposite sides of the housing, the outer wall of each thin-walled circular tubes forms the inner cavity of the heat conductor, which is connected to the closed vacuum chamber and is located in it, and the inner wall of each thin-walled circular tubes cross-section forms a channel for a fluid of a heat conductor, which is in contact with a cold liquid and is a surface for heat dissipation a bottom, and each group of heat conductors uses the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium in it, moreover, to ensure normal thermal conductivity during slow rotation of the rolls, an absorbing liquid element is installed on the outer wall of the closed vacuum chamber and on the inner wall of the housing, when during heat absorption with a phase The transition uses a liquid heat transfer medium.

Preferably, the tube is used to remove heat from the rolls of rolling thin strips of rapidly solidifying metal, rolls for continuous casting and rolling in metallurgy, an engine rotor, a turbine rotor, and to remove heat from other rotating heat and traction sources.

According to another embodiment, an integrated heat pipe is proposed comprising a closed chamber and a housing having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium having a circular cross section and a rectangular longitudinal section, the heat-absorbing end of the housing being located outside the closed chamber, while the heat conductors are located inside the closed vacuum chamber ), surrounded by a column-shaped housing and its end plates, and heat conductors (made in the form of a thin-walled channel for fluid s, formed by a group of sections of the serrated internal shape of a thin-walled tube (12 teeth per group) and passing through two sides of the housing, while the inner wall of each section of the serrated internal shape of a thin-walled tube forms an internal cavity of the heat conductor, which is connected to the closed vacuum chamber and is located in it and the outer wall of each section of the serrated internal shape of the thin-walled tube forms a channel for the fluid of the heat conductor, which is in contact with the cold liquid and is the surface heat dissipation of the heat conductor, and each group of heat conductors uses the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium in it, moreover, to ensure normal thermal conductivity during slow rotation of the rolls, a liquid absorbing element is installed on the outer wall of the closed vacuum chamber and on the inner wall of the casing when heat transfer with a phase transition using a liquid heat transfer medium.

Preferably, the tube is used to remove heat from the rolls of rolling thin strips of rapidly solidifying metal, rolls for continuous casting and rolling in metallurgy, an engine rotor, a turbine rotor, and to remove heat from other rotating heat and traction sources.

According to another embodiment, an integrated heat pipe is proposed, comprising a closed chamber and a housing having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium, having a circular cross section and a longitudinal section in the form of an inverted trapezoid, while the closed vacuum chamber is located on the heat-absorbing end of the housing and passes through it, moreover, the heat conductors are located outside the closed vacuum chamber, while the heat conductors are made in the form of a corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel for fluid medium, with twelve long ribs located radially from the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber, while inside each corrugated long rib an internal cavity of the heat conductor is formed, which is connected to the closed vacuum chamber and is its continuation, and outside of each corrugated long rib there is a channel for the fluid of the heat conductor, which in contact with a cold liquid and is the surface of heat dissipation of the heat conductor, and each group of heat conductors uses the same closed a vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium in it, the case being formed by the wall of a closed vacuum chamber and the wall of a corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel for a fluid, and the core, heat pipe, is located on the opposite wall of the heat-absorbing chamber in a closed vacuum chamber, when it is used for heat absorption with a phase transition liquid heat transfer medium.

Preferably, the tube is used to remove the heat of a plasma welding / cutting device, a plasma coating nozzle, an electron beam gun nozzle for welding, a high power welding gun nozzle.

According to another embodiment, an integrated heat pipe is proposed comprising a closed chamber and a casing having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium containing a thin-walled tube passing through two opposite end caps of the casing and intersecting the axis of the heat pipe and twelve groups of heart-shaped heat-absorbing cavities uniformly radially along the tube at the heat-absorbing end of the housing, while the heat conductors are located outside the closed vacuum chamber, and the heat conduit The nicknames are made in the form of a corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel for a fluid, with forty-eight long ribs located radially from the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber, and inside each corrugated long rib an internal cavity of the heat conductor is formed, which is connected to a closed vacuum chamber and is its extension, and outside of each corrugated long rib formed a channel for the fluid of the heat conductor, which is in contact with a cold liquid and is a surface for heat dissipation a heat conductor, each group of heat conductors uses the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium in it, while the heat-absorbing chamber, a thin-walled fluid channel and the opposite two end caps of the casing surround the closed chamber and form the casing of the integrated heat pipe, with the core of the heat the tube is located on the opposite wall of the heat-absorbing chamber in a closed vacuum chamber, when liquid heat transfer is used for heat absorption with a phase transition red, the closed vacuum chamber, the thin-walled channel for the fluid and the opposite two end caps of the casing form the casing of the integrated heat pipe, the additional channel for the hot fluid with the passage for the hot fluid is surrounded by the walls of the casing and fully encloses the closed vacuum chamber, and the additional a cold fluid channel with a cold fluid passage surrounds the walls of a finned thin-walled fluid channel, the heat pipe being integrated into the heat Dreamsman.

According to another embodiment, an integrated heat pipe is proposed comprising a closed chamber and a housing having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium, having an outer circular surface of the housing as a heat absorbing end, and three groups of finned thin-walled heat-absorbing curved surfaces located on it, while the heat-absorbing end is located outside the closed vacuum chamber, the heat conductors are located outside the closed vacuum chamber, pass through the opposite two t end covers of the body and are made in the form of a corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel for a fluid, with sixteen long ribs located radially from the axis of the heat pipe, while inside each corrugated long rib an internal cavity of the heat conductor is formed, which is connected to a closed vacuum chamber so that it is a continuation of it and on the outside of each corrugated long rib there is a channel for a heat-conducting fluid that is in contact with a cold liquid and is the surface p heat conduction of the heat conductor, and each group of heat conductors uses the same closed vacuum chamber and the same heat transfer medium in it, the heat-absorbing chamber of the round casing, a thin-walled fluid channel and the opposite two end caps of the casing surround the chamber and form a rotor with an integrated heat pipe, In this case, the core of the heat pipe is located on the opposite wall of the heat-absorbing chamber of the housing and has three groups of ribbed thin-walled heat-absorbing curved surfaces. features in a closed vacuum chamber, when using heat absorption with a phase transition, a liquid heat-transfer medium is used, the heat-absorbing chamber, a thin-walled channel (fluid and the opposite two end caps of the housing form an integrated heat pipe body, and the rotor shaft and an additional channel for hot fluid with the hot fluid passageway is surrounded by the walls of the housing and fully encloses the thin-walled fluid channel, the heat pipe being integrated into the rotor.

Preferably, the thin-walled fluid channel is made in the form of a surface with equally spaced ribs or curved ribs.

Preferably, several ribs are installed among adjacent groups of corrugated ribbed thin-walled fluid channels, and the ribs are in close contact with them to increase the heat dissipation area of the heat pipe.

Preferably, the tube is used to remove heat from the rotors of a generator, electric motor, or similar equipment.

List of drawings

Figure 1-1 shows a cross section of one embodiment of the present invention;

figure 1-2 shows a cross section of one embodiment of the present invention;

1-3 are a sectional view of one embodiment of the present invention;

figure 2-1 shows a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

figure 2-2 shows a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention / figure 3-1 shows a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

figure 3-2 shows a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention / figure 4-1 shows a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

4 to 2 show a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

5 is a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

6-1 depict a cross-section according to one embodiment of the present invention;

Fig.6-2 shows a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

Fig.6-3 shows a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

7-1 depict a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

7-2 depict a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

on Fig-1 depicts a view in accordance with one of the embodiments of the present invention;

on Fig-2 depicts a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

9-1 are a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

Figures 9-2 are views in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

10-1 is a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

figure 10-2 shows a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

11-1 depict a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

11-2 depict a view in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The integrated heat pipe contains a housing with a closed chamber, evacuated and filled with a heat transfer medium, which is characterized in that there are one or more groups of heat conductors outside the closed chamber and / or inside it, each group of heat conductors sharing a closed chamber and a heat transfer medium in the same closed the camera. The heat transfer medium may be a heat transfer liquid medium of the phase transition process or a highly efficient heat transfer medium for another heat transfer mode, wherein the heat conductor is a heat sink end and the housing or part of the housing is a heat absorbent end.

The integrated heat pipe comprises a housing with a closed chamber, evacuated and filled with a heat transfer medium, which is characterized in that the integrated heat pipe housing or part of the housing is a heat-absorbing end, which can be one or more groups of heat-absorbing cavities in a closed chamber that extends throughout the housing, it may be a shell covering the closed chamber, the shell may also cover the rotating structure of the closed chamber, or the shell with a corrugated curved surface NOSTA, wherein the closed chamber is enclosed and which is disposed along the contour of the rotating structure, it may be an end surface or part of the end surface perpendicular to the axial line of heat pipe. The contour of a specific shape of the surface of the heat-absorbing end may correspond, can be matched or closely mated with a specific shape of the surface of the heat source, and may be a specific shape of the surface, consisting of a limited group of corrugated or curved surface of a closed thin-walled tube for a fluid, or a curved surface, or a combination thereof. Its heat transfer medium is distributed in that place in the heat absorbing end of the closed vacuum chamber, which is closest to the heat absorbing surface.

The heat transfer medium may be a liquid heat transfer medium, such as water, or an inorganic heat transfer medium, or a composite powder of yttrium, barium, copper and oxygen (YBCO).

The heat pipe body and heat conductors located outside the closed vacuum chamber and / or inside it are made of metal with good heat conductivity, such as copper or aluminum.

The heat conductor of the thin-walled fluid channel is made for heat removal by means of a cooling fluid, or a heat-absorbing structure with good heat conductivity, high heat capacity and large area is used to retain heat, and a material and structure with good heat absorption characteristics are used as the heat-absorbing structure.

The case of the integrated heat pipe or part of the case is a heat-absorbing end, and with a contact heat source with heat transfer as the main mode of heat conduction, the shape of its surface having a certain shape corresponds to, matches or closely contacts a surface of a heat source having a certain shape. For a heat source of a fluid with convection as the main type of heat sink, its surface having a certain shape is a limited group of corrugated and curved surfaces, or a limited group of curved shapes of a closed channel for a fluid, or a combination thereof. Its heat transfer medium is located in that place in the heat absorbing end of the closed vacuum chamber, which is closest to the heat absorbing surface.

If the heat conductor of the thin-walled design of the fluid channel is located outside the closed vacuum chamber of the integrated heat pipe, the design of the thin-walled design of the fluid channel is an uneven curved surface, with each unevenness forming a group of heat conductors and each group of heat conductors autonomous and connected to each other. The inner side of each corrugated curved surface is the inner chamber of the heat conductor, which has access to the closed vacuum chamber and is a continuation of the closed vacuum chamber. The outside of each corrugated curved surface is a fluid conduit for the heat conductor in contact with the cold liquid as the heat sink surface of the heat conductor. The wall surface of the closed vacuum chamber and the wall surface of the corrugated thin-walled fluid channel together form the casing of this integrated heat pipe. The curved surface of the thin-walled channel structure for the fluid can be made in the form of parallel and vertical ribs, curved ribs of the same radius, radial and vertical ribs, evenly and unevenly distributed columns, mirroring evenly and unevenly distributed columns and the main shell in the form of an inverted letter U, and their combinations. They can be any corrugated curved surface of regular or irregular shape. The inner and outer surfaces of the curved surface may have ribs for additional heat removal.

If this heat conductor is made in the form of a thin-walled fluid channel structure and is located in a closed vacuum chamber of an integrated heat pipe, then this thin-walled fluid channel structure is closed and tubular, and the ends of the inlet and outlet of the cold fluid of the thin-walled channel for the fluid pass through both ends of the closed vacuum chamber, or pass through the adjacent ends of the closed vacuum chamber, or pass through the same end of the closed vacuum chamber. Each closed tubular fluid channel is a group of heat conductors, and each group of heat conductors is independent of the other and is connected to all others. The inner side of the thin-walled fluid channel section is a cold fluid channel and also a heat transfer surface of the heat conductor. The cross-sectional shape of the thin-walled fluid channel may be round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated, or may have another suitable shape. The inner wall of the fluid channel section may have ribs.

If this heat conductor has a structure with a large surface area and with good heat absorption, and if a material of high thermal conductivity and high heat capacity is placed outside the closed vacuum chamber and / or inside it as a heat-absorbing structure, then this heat-absorbing structure consists of a film, or laminated, or tubular, or silk-like material with a large surface area, or combinations thereof in the form of bends, or on top of each other, at a certain distance between different layers, which ensures complete heat transfer by heat transfer medium. The heat-absorbing structure may be a sheet in the form of honeycombs, flocculi, hemp or twisted spirals, or a stack structure, or may be closed with a thin-walled tube, or in the form of a combination thereof. The holes between the layers face the heat-absorbing end.

The heat-absorbing end of the housing can be made in the form of an end surface or in the form of a part of the end surface perpendicular to the axial line of the heat pipe, and the surface of this heat-absorbing end having a definite shape corresponds to, matches or closely mates with the heat source having a definite shape; it can be smooth, flat and even; smooth and uplifting; smooth and with cavities; can be made in a curved shape of the contour, can be built-in and closed and closely interfaced.

The heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe can be one or more groups of heat-absorbing cavities passing through the housing and the closed chamber, and can pass through both extreme ends of the housing or through adjacent ends of the housing, or through the same end of the housing. The cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber may be round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated, or have another suitable shape. The vertical section of this heat-absorbing chamber may be inclined.

The heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe may have a shell design of rotation, while the structure closes the closed chamber and has a circular contour surface of the cross section. The contour surface of the vertical section may be in the form of a rectangular bucket, cylinder and another surface of the rotation form, corresponding to the requirements of the heat source.

The heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe can be made in the form of a corrugated thin-walled structure with a curved surface, which is distributed on the basis of a circular contour surface of the cross section, or another suitable shape closes the closed chamber. They can be more than three groups of a ribbed curved surface, evenly distributed or symmetrically distributed, contoured or non-contoured. They can be in the form of a radial and vertical rib, radial and curved ribs, or have a corresponding curved surface or a combination thereof. Its contour surface of a vertical section can have a rectangular, cylindrical and other rotation shape that meets the requirements of a heat source.

Between the surface of the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe and another metal plate of high heat conductivity there is a hollow metal plate of high heat conductivity with a hot melt pouring channel and a gas outlet channel inside it, as a result of which a heat-absorbing chamber of an integrated heat pipe is obtained; moreover, the surface of the heat-absorbing end of several heat pipes can also jointly form a heat-absorbing chamber.

The heat transfer medium of the heat pipe casing or part of the casing as a heat-absorbing end is located in a closed chamber near the heat-absorbing surface. Therefore, when a liquid medium is used, the liquid absorbing element of the heat pipe can be placed in a closed chamber near the heat-absorbing surface. This liquid absorbing heat pipe element may be a groove, gauze, a fiber bundle with a spring, sintered metal powders, or a combination thereof, or other effective structure.

The auxiliary channel for the fluid with the inlet and outlet can be performed in a thin-walled channel for the fluid for the heat conductor of the heat pipe or in the heat-absorbing chamber of the heat-absorbing end, or in a corrugated curved thin-walled shell, or in the thin-walled channel for the fluid for the heat conductor, or in the heat-absorbing chamber end, or in a corrugated curved thin-walled shell. The fluid channel either closes the corrugated ribbed curved surface of the thin-walled fluid channel, or closes the corresponding part of the end cap of the closed tubular thin-walled fluid channel.

When this heat pipe is used to heat sources of heat with a flat or curved surface, such as a computer central processor, electrical or electronic elements and high power components, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is perpendicular to the end surface of the axial line of the heat pipe or some part of the end surface; it can be flat and be a straight plane or a curved surface made on the surface of a heat source. The shaped surface of this heat-absorbing end corresponds to, matched or closely mated to the shaped surface of the heat source, and can be smooth, flat and straight; smooth and uplifting; smooth and with cavities; can be made in accordance with the contour curvilinear shape of the contact heat source, and can be integrated and closed and close mate. It is placed above the heat source. The heat transfer medium is located in a closed vacuum chamber near the heat-absorbing surface. When it is located outside the closed vacuum chamber in the form of a thin-walled fluid channel at the heat sink end, the design of the thin-walled fluid channel has a corrugated curved shape, it can be parallel and vertical ribbed, have the shape of a curved rib of the same radius, the shape of a radial and vertical rib, radial and curved ribs, evenly and unevenly distributed columns, a mirror shape of evenly and unevenly distributed columns and the base of the body, the shape of evernutoy letter U, and combinations thereof, and the like, may have a regular or irregular corrugated curved shape. The inner and outer surface of a curved shape may have ribs for auxiliary heat removal. When it is located inside a closed vacuum chamber as a thin-walled fluid channel at the heat sink end, the design of the thin-walled fluid channel has a closed and tubular shape; the inlet and outlet ends of the cold fluid of the thin-walled fluid channel either pass through both ends of the closed vacuum chamber, or pass through the adjacent ends of the closed vacuum chamber. The cross section of a thin walled fluid channel may be round, rectangular, polygonal, or have another suitable shape. The inner wall of the channel section for the heat conductor may have ribs. The cooling fluid for the heat sink may be air or other cold fluid, such as water.

This heat pipe is used to heat the cooling roll made of a thin strip of rapidly hardening metal. When using a rotating heat source or a rotating shaft, such as an engine rotor, for heat removal, or for having a turbine rotor blade for heat removal, the cross-sectional contour of the housing covering the closed chamber is round, and its vertical cross-sectional contour may be rectangular, cylindrical or have another form of rotation that meets the requirements of the heat source; one or more groups of closed tubular thin-walled channels for a fluid, or one group of closed corrugated curved surfaces that are aligned with the heat pipe and located on the periphery, and placed in a closed chamber, and pass through the shell, and two ends facing each other are located perpendicular to the center line of the heat-absorbing surface. Auxiliary fluid channels connected to a thin-walled fluid channel are located at two respective ends of the housing that are perpendicular to the center line of the heat-absorbing surface; moreover, these auxiliary channels for the fluid have their own inlet and outlet of cold fluid. If a liquid medium is used, then in this case, the inner surface of the heat-absorbing end of the round casing of the integrated heat pipe may have such an effective liquid-absorbing element as a groove or sintered metal powder. The outer surface of the heat-absorbing end of the circular shell is the surface of the heat-absorbing end.

If this heat pipe is used for crystallization of continuous casting in the metallurgical industry and for heat removal in equipment for rapidly solidifying metal, the heat-absorbing chamber of the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe passes through two corresponding ends of the casing and is located in the middle of the heat pipe, and the inner cross-sectional surface of this heat-absorbing chamber can be round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated or may have another suitable shape. The channel for the cold fluid at the heat sink end of the heat pipe may have a curved surface in the form of a radial and vertical ribs located parallel or vertical to the axial line of the heat-absorbing chamber; may have a curved surface in the form of a radial and curved rib, or having a certain shape, the surface of a closed tubular thin-walled fluid channel, which is parallel to the axial line of the heat-absorbing chamber and passes through the corresponding two ends of the housing. The cross section of a closed tubular thin-walled fluid channel may be round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated, or may have another suitable shape. If a liquid medium is used, then in this case the cross section of the heat-absorbing end of the integrated heat pipe and the outer surface connected to the vacuum chamber may have a groove or liquid-absorbing element, or sintered metal powder, or other effective liquid-absorbing structure. The liquid collection tank is located on the basis of the liquid absorbing element. It is perpendicular to the closed chamber of the integrated heat pipe formed by the end cap of the heat-absorbing chamber, the heat-absorbing chamber and a thin-walled fluid channel. There is an auxiliary channel for the fluid with an inlet and outlet for cooling water, which either closes the thin-walled channel for the fluid having a curved surface in the form of a corrugated rib, or closes the corresponding part of the end cap of the closed tubular thin-walled channel for the fluid.

If this heat pipe is used for heat removal of a plasma welding torch, for a plasma spray nozzle, an electron beam welding torch nozzle and a high-power arc welding torch nozzle, the heat-absorbing chamber in the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe passes through two corresponding ends of the casing and is located in the middle of the heat pipe , and the inner surface of the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber may be round or have another suitable suitable shape, and con the turntable surface of its vertical section may be rectangular, in the form of an inverted cone, or in the form of a surface of another form of rotation corresponding to the requirements of a heat source; as a channel for a cold fluid at the heat sink end of the heat pipe, it can be a corrugated curved surface in the form of a radial and vertical rib, a curved surface in the form of a radial and curved rib, it can have a toothed shape distributed over the surface of a conical body of revolution, it can be other thin-walled a fluid channel with a corrugated uniformly and unevenly distributed surface parallel to the center line of the heat-absorbing chamber; the contour surface of its vertical section is rectangular, has the shape of an inverted cone or the surface of another form of rotation. The shell covering its contour may be located outside the corrugated thin-walled fluid channel, forming an auxiliary channel for the fluid to accelerate the flow of cold fluid. If a liquid medium is used in the heat pipe, the surface of its heat-absorbing chamber connected to the closed vacuum chamber has a groove or liquid-absorbing element, or sintered metal powder, or other effective liquid-absorbing element.

If this heat pipe is used for heat dissipation of a cold form made of a block of rapidly solidifying metal, then one group of heat-absorbing cavities is located in the middle of a closed chamber, which passes through two opposite ends of the housing. The cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber may be round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated, or have another suitable shape with a slope to remove the shape. Heat-absorbing structures with good heat conductivity, with high heat capacity and with a large surface area are used as heat conductors of the heat-dissipating end of the heat pipe and are located outside the closed chamber and / or inside it, and the heat-absorbing structure can be made of film, or laminated, or tubular, or silk materials with a large surface area, or a combination of these materials in a twisted or stacked form, or they can be covered with a thin wall, or their combination. Between the layers there is a distance sufficient for complete heat transfer by the heat transfer medium; the hole between the layers is facing the heat transfer medium of the heat-absorbing end. If liquid medium is used in said integrated heat pipe, the cross section of its heat-absorbing chamber, which is connected to the vacuum chamber, may have a groove or liquid-absorbing element, or sintered metal powder, or other effective liquid-absorbing elements.

If this heat pipe is used for heat dissipation of a cold form made of a block of rapidly solidifying metal, then the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe and another plate of metal with high thermal conductivity can be placed opposite each other, with a plate of metal of high thermal conductivity between them. The plate is hollow and has a metal casting channel and a gas outlet channel. The heat-absorbing ends of the heat pipe and the plate surround the hollow part and turn it into a heat-absorbing chamber. Heat-absorbing structures with good heat conductivity, with high heat capacity and with a large surface area are used as heat conductors of the heat sink end of the heat pipe and are placed outside the closed chamber and / or inside it; moreover, the heat-absorbing structure can be made of film or in the form of flocculi, or tubular or silk-like material with a large surface area, or combinations thereof, in a twisted or stacked form; this heat-absorbing structure may take the form of a sheet in the form of bee honeycombs, flocculi, hemp, film or sheet in the form of spirals or piles, they can be closed with a thin-walled tube if necessary. Between the layers there is a certain distance sufficient for complete heat transfer by the heat transfer medium; the hole between the layers is facing the heat transfer medium of the heat-absorbing end. If a liquid medium is used in the integrated heat pipe, the corresponding wall surface of the heat-absorbing end of the closed vacuum chamber may have liquid-absorbing elements, such as a groove or sintered metal powder, or other effective liquid-absorbing elements.

If this heat pipe is used as a heat exchanger between two types of fluid, then several groups of heat-absorbing cavities at the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe pass through two opposite ends of the casing and are located in the middle of the heat pipe. The cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber may be round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated, or may have another suitable shape or combination thereof. The thin-walled fluid channel at the heat sink end of the heat pipe may have a corrugated shape in the form of a radial and vertical rib, or a curved shape of a radial and curved rib and placed outside the closed chamber and parallel to the axial line of the heat-absorbing chamber. If a liquid medium is used in the integrated heat pipe, the surface of the heat-absorbing chamber connected to the vacuum chamber may have such liquid absorbing elements as a groove or sintered metal powder, or other effective liquid absorbing element. A container for collecting liquid medium may be located under the liquid absorbing element. A heat-absorbing chamber, a corrugated thin-walled fluid channel located outside the closed chamber, and an end cover of the housing perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber together form a closed chamber of the heat pipe. An auxiliary channel for hot fluid, which closes the two ends of the end cap of the housing and has an inlet and outlet of hot (and cold) fluid, and an auxiliary channel for cold fluid, which closes the corrugated thin-walled channel for fluid outside the closed chamber and has an inlet and the release of cold (and hot) fluid and the heat pipe together form a heat exchanger based on an integrated heat pipe for exchanging heat between the two fluids.

The method provides for providing a large heat sink area in a small volume by means of a heat pipe with a surface of complex shape and with a radial design, mainly for contact with a heat source and a heat source of a fluid.

The method is aimed at providing a compact space through the use of a corrugated thin-walled fluid channel located outside the closed chamber and / or inside it; or use of a closed thin-walled tubular channel for a fluid, or a heat-absorbing structure with high heat conductivity, high heat capacity and large surface area, or a heat conductor of any combination thereof; and to provide a larger area of heat sink through the use of corrugated curved surface of the heat conductor.

A method for constructing a heat-absorbing end of an integrated heat pipe includes distributing a heat transfer medium in a closed chamber near a heat-absorbing surface. If a liquid medium is used, then the liquid-absorbing element of the heat pipe can be placed in a closed chamber near the heat-absorbing surface.

According to this method, if the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is an end surface or part of an end surface perpendicular to the axial line of the heat pipe, then the surface of the heat-absorbing end having a certain shape can be made corresponding, matched or closely mating with the surface of the heat source circuit. It can be smooth, flat and straight; smooth and uplifting; smooth and with cavities; can be made according to the curved surface of the contour of the contacted heat source, or integrated and closed, and fully and closely interfaced.

According to this method, if the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is one or more groups of heat-absorbing cavities that pass through the housing and the closed chamber, then the heat-absorbing chamber can pass through two opposite ends of the housing, or pass through two adjacent ends of the housing, or pass through one and the same same end of the case. The cross section of its heat-absorbing chamber may be round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated, or have another suitable shape. The vertical section of its heat-absorbing chamber may be inclined.

According to this method, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made so that the surface of the contour of its cross section is round and closes the rotating case of the closed chamber. The surface of the contour of its vertical section is rectangular, cylindrical or has the shape of another body of revolution, which meets the requirements of a heat source.

According to this method, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe can be made in such a way that the contour surface of its cross section is a closed corrugated thin-walled curved surface, which is based on a round or other suitable shape and closes the closed chamber, they can be more than three groups evenly and unevenly distributed, contour or non-contour curved surfaces in the form of ribs, which may be in the form of a radial and vertical ribs, radial and curved Yebra or have other suitable curved surface, and a combination thereof. The vertical section of its main contour surface is a rectangular, cylindrical or other surface of the body of revolution, corresponding to the requirements of a heat source.

According to this method, a hollow metal plate with high thermal conductivity is provided, which has a hot melt casting channel and a gas discharge channel and which is located between the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe and another metal plate with high thermal conductivity; according to the method, a heat-absorbing chamber of the integrated heat pipe and a metal plate with high heat conductivity, which is hollow in the center and has a hot melt casting channel and a gas outlet channel, and is located between the heat-absorbing end surfaces of two heat pipes, or a heat-absorbing chamber of an integrated heat pipe and the heat-absorbing end surface of several heat pipes form a heat-absorbing chamber together.

Heat exchange method by means of an integrated heat pipe. According to this method, a contacted heat source is used on the surface of the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe body to absorb heat and transfer heat to the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber by the wall surface of the heat-absorbing end of the body, so that the heat transfer medium absorbs heat or absorbs heat, absorbed by the rapid dispersion of evaporation, and a heat conductor located outside the closed chamber and / or inside it is used as the heat sink end ; moreover, the heat absorbed by the heat transfer medium is retained or transferred; this method uses a low-temperature fluid in a thin-walled fluid channel located outside and / or inside a closed chamber to transfer heat absorbed by the heat transfer medium. This method uses a heat-absorbing structure located outside the closed chamber and / or inside it to contain heat absorbed by the heat transfer medium. This method uses the heat transfer medium of a heat pipe located in a closed chamber near a heat-absorbing surface, and uses a heat transfer medium to carry heat to the place where the heat conductor is closest to the heat-absorbing surface, to reduce thermal resistance, improve heat transfer conditions and increase heat conductivity.

The fluid used in the heat exchange method with a rotating integrated heat pipe. If the heat pipe rotates at high speed, then this method uses a body of circular cross section of the heat pipe as a heat-absorbing end surface, which absorbs heat during rotation at high speed and transfers heat through the wall surface of the heat-absorbing end of the body to the same heat medium in the same closed chamber, which rotates on the inner surface of the wall of the heat-absorbing end. The heat transfer medium absorbs heat and quickly evaporates, and the closed chamber is filled with saturated steam, which quickly condenses on the surface of a thin-walled fluid channel immediately upon encountering a low-temperature fluid. The entrained latent heat of vaporization is released, and the thin-walled fluid channel transfers latent heat of vaporization to the cold fluid outside the closed chamber of the thin-walled fluid channel, and the heat absorbed by the heat pipe is ultimately carried away by the cold fluid. The mass of the liquid medium condensed on the surface of the thin-walled fluid channel increases rapidly due to centrifugal force, and the liquid medium is again discharged onto the inner wall surface of the heat-absorbing end, thereby starting a new cycle of the heat transfer process, which is repeated again and again. According to this method, a large heat sink area is provided, and due to the phase transition, smooth heat transfer can be performed with the same temperature over the entire heat sink area. The centrifugal force of the rotating heat pipe allows the liquid to flow down towards the heat-absorbing end, and the thermal resistance of the interface of the transition during the phase transfer of heat transfer can be reduced to a large extent to ensure the optimal effect of heat transfer.

In the case of rotation of the heat pipe at a lower speed, this method uses a body of circular cross section of the heat pipe as a heat-absorbing end surface that contacts the heat source at a low rotation speed with heat absorption, which is transferred to the same heat transfer medium in the same closed the chamber, which is adjacent to the inner wall surface of the heat-absorbing end, due to the adhesive forces of the liquid medium, and in the liquid absorbing element. The heat transfer medium absorbs heat and quickly evaporates, and the saturated vapor filling the closed chamber quickly condenses on the surface of the thin-walled fluid channel immediately when it encounters a low-temperature fluid in a thin-walled channel, and the latent evaporated heat transferred is released and the thin-walled fluid channel transfers a hidden the heat of evaporation into a cold fluid outside the closed chamber of a thin-walled fluid channel, and the heat absorbed by the heat pipe is ultimately It is not carried away by cold fluid. The mass of a liquid medium that has condensed on the surface of a thin-walled fluid channel increases rapidly under the influence of weight and then returns to the lowest part of the closed chamber of the heat pipe. The liquid medium enters the heat-absorbing element of the heat pipe under the influence of the capillary forces of the heat-absorbing element of the heat pipe and again returns to the contact position with the heat source, and a new cycle of the heat transfer process begins, which is repeated again and again. According to this method, a large heat transfer area is provided and a phase transition is used to perform uniform heat transfer at the same temperature over the entire heat transfer area, the capillary forces of the heat-absorbing liquid element of the heat pipe and the adhesive forces of the heat pipe medium ensure the passage of the liquid medium to the heat-absorbing end and the ideal effect can be similarly achieved heat transfer.

The invention is further illustrated by the accompanying drawings and embodiments.

Example 1 implementation

According to figure 1, example 1 implementation is a type of heat pipe used for cooling devices with complex heat pipes in a linear ribbed structure for cooling central processing units of computers, express cards, high-power electronic components.

This integrated heat pipe consists of a housing 1-1 with a closed chamber 1-2, having a heat conductor on the outside of the closed vacuum chamber; the heat conductor 1-4 has a thin-walled fluid channel 1-4a with a radial linear distribution of 12 long ribs and 12 ribs corresponding to the axis of the heat pipe; the inner side of each group of long ribs and short ribs is the inner chamber of the heat conductor 1-4 and is connected to the vacuum chamber 1-2 and with the continuation of the vacuum chamber 1-2; the outer side of each long rib and short rib is the cooling surface of the fluid conduit 1-4a of the heat conductor 1-4, which is in contact with the cold fluid; each group of heat conductors shares a closed chamber 1-2 and a medium 1-3 of heat transfer in a vacuum chamber; each group of heat conductor 1-4 is independent and connected to each other; the wall of the closed chamber and the wall of the corrugated thin-walled fluid channel together form the housing of the integrated heat pipe; a closed vacuum chamber has a vacuum and is filled with a heat transfer medium 1-3; in order to ensure normal heat transfer in an inclined state when using heat transfer types of fluid with a phase transition, a liquid absorbing element 1-5 is integrated inside the closed chamber 1-2.

The corrugated thin-walled fluid channel 1-4a may have another curvilinear structure, for example, an isometric curvilinear ribbed structure, a radial curved ribbed structure, and the like. Between two adjacent corrugated ribbed thin-walled fluid channels 1-4a, several ribs can be made, the walls of which will be in close contact to increase the cooling area of the heat pipe.

One part of the housing 1-1 is made in the form of a simple heat-absorbing end corresponding to the plane of the heat source, and is located on top of the heat source to absorb heat. The housing transfers heat to the heat transfer medium 1-3 in the vacuum chamber 1-2, the heat transfer medium absorbs heat or evaporates to quickly dissipate heat, and then heat is transferred to the fluid passage 1-4a through the corrugated wall with long fins and short fins and ultimately carried away by cold fluid. Since the cooling area is increased, and the heat transfer medium 1-4 is located near the heat source, and due to the phase transition of the fluid and the process of super heat transfer of heat-sensitive heat transfer substances, the entire cooling surface has a uniform temperature distribution and the cooling area of each device can fulfill its function to the greatest extent the characteristic is absent in other cooling devices of a similar design.

Example 2 implementation

According to figure 2, example 2 implementation is a type of integrated heat pipe used for cooling apparatuses using an integrated heat pipe with a linear ribbed structure for cooling central processing units of computers or electronic components of significant power.

This type of integrated heat pipe contains a housing 2-1 with a closed chamber 2-2, which has a vacuum and is filled with a heat transfer medium 2-3, has a heat conductor 2-4 on the outside of the vacuum chamber 2-2; the heat conductor 2-4 has a fluid channel 2-4a, which has parallel 13 groups of ribbed thin-walled channels 2-4a from the heating side of the housing to its opposite end; the inner side of each group of ribbed thin-walled channel 2-4A for the fluid is the inner chamber of the heat conductor and is connected to a closed vacuum chamber 2-2 and is a continuation of the closed vacuum chamber 2-2; the outer side of each group of ribbed thin-walled fluid channel 2-4a is a cooling surface of a heat conductor 2-4 that is in contact with a cold fluid; each group of heat conductor uses the same closed vacuum chamber 2-2 and heat transfer medium 2-3 in the chamber, and each group of heat conductor 2-4 is simultaneously independent and connected to each other; the wall surface of the closed vacuum chamber 2-2 and the wall surface of the ribbed thin-walled channel 2-4a for the fluid together form a housing 2-1 of the integrated heat pipe; closed vacuum chamber 2-2 has a vacuum and is filled with heat transfer medium 2-3. In order to ensure normal heat transfer in an inclined state when phase transfer heat transfer fluids are used, the interior of the closed chamber 2-2 has an integrated liquid absorbing element 2-5.

The corrugated thin-walled fluid channel 2-4a may have another curvilinear structure, for example, an isometric curvilinear ribbed structure, a radial curved ribbed structure, and the like. Between two adjacent corrugated ribbed thin-walled fluid channels 2-4a, several ribs can be made, the walls of which will be in close contact to increase the cooling area of the heat pipe.

One part of the housing 2-1 is made in the form of a simple heat-absorbing end corresponding to the plane of the heat source, and is located on top of the heat source to absorb heat. The housing transfers heat to a heat transfer medium 2-3 in a vacuum chamber 2-2, the heat transfer medium absorbs heat or evaporates to quickly dissipate heat, and then heat is transferred to a fluid channel 2-4a through a corrugated wall with long fins and short fins, and ultimately heat is carried away by the cold fluid. Since the cooling area is increased and the heat transfer medium 2-3 is located near the heat source, and due to the phase transition of the fluid and the process of super heat transfer of heat-transferring heat transfer substances, the entire cooling surface has a uniform temperature distribution, and the cooling area of each device can fulfill its function to the greatest extent, such the characteristic is absent in other cooling devices of a similar design.

Example 3 implementation

According to figure 3, example 3 implementation is a type of integrated heat pipe used for cooling devices using a thin-walled rectangular tube design for cooling central processing units of computers or electronic components of significant power.

This type of integrated heat pipe contains a housing 3-1 with a closed chamber 3-2, which has a vacuum and is filled with a heat transfer medium 3-3. It has 11 groups of heat conductor 3-4 on the inner side of a closed vacuum chamber 3-2, which is enclosed in a rectangular shell, and left and right end plates 3-6 of the housing; the heat conductor is a fluid channel 3-4a that contains thin-walled tubes of rectangular cross section and passes through both ends of the end plates 3-6 of the housing; the outer wall of each thin-walled tube of rectangular cross section forms the inner chamber of the heat conductor 3-4 and is connected to a closed vacuum chamber 3-2 and inside a closed vacuum chamber 3-2; the inner wall of each rectangular thin-walled tube is a cooling surface of a heat conduit fluid channel 3-4a that is in contact with a cold fluid; each group of heat conductor shares the same closed vacuum chamber 3-2 and heat transfer medium 3-3 in the chamber, and each group of heat conductor 3-4 is independent and connected to each other; closed vacuum chamber 3-2 has a vacuum and is filled with heat transfer medium 3-3; in order to guarantee normal heat transfer in an inclined position when heat transfer types of fluid with a phase transition are used, the interior of the closed chamber 3-2 has an integrated liquid absorbing element 3-5.

On the inner wall of a thin-walled tube of rectangular cross-section, several ribs can be made with their closely contacting walls to increase the cooling area of the heat pipe.

The cross-section of the thin-walled fluid channel may also have other shapes, for example round, polygonal, gear, or other suitable shapes.

At least one plane of the housing 3-1 with the liquid absorbing element 3-5 should be made in a simple heat-absorbing end corresponding to the plane of the heat source, and is located on top of the heat source to absorb heat. The housing transfers heat to the heat transfer medium 3-3 in the closed vacuum chamber 3-2, the heat transfer medium taking in heat or rapidly evaporating to dissipate heat, and heat is transferred to the cold fluid in the fluid passage 3-4a through a thin wall of rectangular tubes sections and ultimately carried away by cold fluid. Since the cooling area is increased and the heat transfer medium 3-3 is located near the heat source and due to the phase transition of the fluid and the process of super heat transfer of heat-transferring heat transfer substances, the entire cooling surface has a uniform temperature distribution, and the cooling area of each device can fulfill its function to the greatest extent, such a characteristic not available in other cooling units of a similar design.

Example 4 implementation

According to figure 4, example 4 implementation is a type of integrated heat pipe used for cooling devices based on an integrated heat pipe with a mirror image design having a cylindrical body, with a uniform distribution of 9 tubes and with a base for cooling central processing units of computers or high-power electronic components .

This type of integrated heat pipe has a housing 4-1 with a closed chamber 4-2, which has a vacuum and is filled with a heat transfer medium 4-3. It has 9 groups of cylindrical heat conductor 4-4 on the outside of the closed vacuum chamber 4-2. The heat-absorbing end of the housing 4-1 is a thin-walled structure made of a hollow rectangular plate, and its opposite end is its mirror image, this circumstance makes it possible to connect the inner chamber of the channel 4-4 for the fluid of 9 groups of cylindrical thin-walled tubes and connect the closed vacuum chamber ; the inner surface of each group of the heat conductor is the inner chamber of the heat conductor 4-4 and is connected to a closed vacuum chamber 4-2, and is a continuation of the closed vacuum chamber 4-2; the outer surface of each group of the heat conductor is the cooling surface of the heat conduit channel 4-4a 4-4, which is in contact with the cooling fluid. To further increase the cooling area of the heat conductor 4-4, 12 groups of tanks 4-11 parallel to the hollow thin-walled rectangular plates are made between the hollow thin-walled rectangular plates and they pass through cylindrical tubes; each group of heat conductor 4-4 shares the same closed vacuum chamber 4-2 and heat transfer medium 4-3 in the chamber, and each group of heat conductor 4-4 is independent and connected to each other; the closed vacuum chamber 4-2 has a vacuum and is filled with a heat transfer medium 4-3; in order to guarantee normal heat transfer in an inclined position when heat transfer types of fluid with a phase transition are used, the interior of the closed chamber 4-2 has an integrated liquid absorbing element 4-5.

At least one part of the housing 4-1 is made in the form of a simple heat-absorbing end corresponding to the plane of the heat source, and is located on top of the heat source to absorb heat. The housing transfers heat to the heat transfer medium 4-3 in the vacuum chamber 4-2, the heat transfer medium absorbs heat or evaporates to quickly dissipate heat, and then heat is transferred to the fluid passage 4-4a through the thin wall of the cylindrical tubes and ultimately is carried away by cold fluid medium. Since the cooling area is increased and the heat transfer medium 3-3 is near the heat source, and due to the phase transition of the fluid and the process of super heat transfer of heat-sensitive heat transfer substances, the entire cooling surface has a uniform temperature distribution, and the cooling area of each device can fulfill its function to the greatest extent. this characteristic is absent in other cooling devices of a similar design.

Example 5 implementation

According to figure 5, example 5 implementation is a type of integrated heat pipe used for the crystallization of continuous casting systems by means of a continuous casting and rolling in metallurgy.

This type of integrated heat pipe contains a housing 5-1 with a closed chamber 5-2, which has a vacuum and is filled with heat transfer medium 5-3. Has a heat conductor 5-4 inside a closed chamber 5-2, enclosed in a cylindrical housing 5-1 (or in a housing with other suitable forms), and end plates 5-3 of the housing; the heat-absorbing chamber 5-1a in the housing 5-1 serves as a heat-absorbing end, which is adjacent to the graphite sleeve 5-12; the central hole in the graphite sleeve 5-12 is a channel for molten metal, with 5-15 being an inlet for liquid casting and 5-16 is an outlet for casting ingots; the input 5-13 for lubricating oil is made between the heat-absorbing chamber 5-1a and the graphite sleeve; the heat conductor 5-4 contains 80 groups of thin-walled tubes of circular cross section that pass through both ends of the end plates 5-6; the surface of the outer wall of each tube is the inner chamber of the heat conductor 5-4, connected to a closed vacuum chamber and is located inside the closed vacuum chamber; the inner wall surface of each tube is the cooling surface of the fluid conduit 5-4a of each heat conductor that is in contact with the cold fluid; each group of heat conductors shares the same closed vacuum chamber 5-2 and heat transfer medium 5-3 in the chamber, and each group of heat conductor 5-4 is independent and connected to each other; closed vacuum chamber 4-2 has a vacuum and is filled with heat transfer medium 5-3; in order to guarantee normal heat transfer of the heat-absorbing chamber 5-1a, which acts as a heat-absorbing end, when phase-transferring heat transfer fluids are used, the inner wall of the heat-absorbing chamber 5-2 has an integrated liquid absorbing element 5-5.

In operation, the heat-absorbing chamber 5-1a, which passes through the end plates at both ends of the housing 5-1, serves as the heat-absorbing end and contacts the graphite sleeve 5-12 in order to absorb heat from the heat source, and heat is transferred to the heat transfer medium 5- 3, which absorbs heat or evaporates with heat dissipation, and heat is transferred to the cold fluid in the fluid channel 5-4a through thin-walled tubes of circular cross section, and ultimately the heat is carried away by the cold fluid, resulting its hot fluid, which is in contact with the graphite sleeve, is rapidly cooled to the molding.

The cross section of the fluid channel 5-4a may also have other suitable shapes: rectangular, polygonal, gear, and the like.

The auxiliary channel 5-8 for the fluid is made between the upper surface and the lower surface of the housing 5-1, connected to the channel 5-4a for the fluid and has an inlet 5-9.

The heat-absorbing chamber 5-1a may also have other suitable shapes: rectangular, polygonal, gear, etc., 5-14 is a hole for spraying cold water to cool cast ingots.

Example 6 implementation

According to Fig.6, example 6 implementation is a type of heat pipe used for cold modules based on an integrated heat pipe for the production of bulk metal materials according to the method of rapid solidification. No other cooling sources or additional auxiliary cooling devices are required for this integrated heat pipe. They can be used singly or combined in two.

This type of integrated heat pipe contains a housing 6-1 with a closed chamber 6-2, which is filled with heat transfer medium 6-3. The heat absorbing end 6-1a of the housing, perpendicular to the axis of the heat pipe, is made on the outside of the closed chamber 6-2 and is the plane of the heat pipe; the heat conductor 6-4 is located in a closed vacuum chamber 6-2, which is enclosed in a housing 6-1 of an integrated heat pipe having a heat-absorbing structure; heat conductor 6-4 is a heat-absorbing structure 6-4a made of metal materials with a high coefficient of thermal conductivity and high heat capacity, and has a sufficiently large surface area for absorbing and storing heat (heat-absorbing structure 6-4b is essentially the end of the latent heat removal, made inside integrated heat pipe); heat-absorbing structure 6-4b is made in the form of one group of spirally twisted red copper foil with a large surface area; each layer has sufficient space for heat transfer medium 6-3 for heat transfer; the hole between the layers faces the heat-absorbing end; closed vacuum chamber 6-2 has a vacuum and is filled with heat transfer medium 6-3. The housing 6-1 and its heat-absorbing end 6-1a enclose a heat-absorbing structure 6-4b in a closed chamber 6-2, which has a vacuum and is filled with a heat transfer medium 6-3, thereby forming an integrated heat pipe with a heat-absorbing structure.

The heat-absorbing structure 6-4b may be made of metal foil, filaments, wire in the form of bee honeycombs, flocculi, fibers, film or spirally twisted scaly or overlapping layers, in the form of thin-walled tubes, or a combination thereof.

Part of the housing 6-1 serves as a heating plane. To ensure normal heat transfer in the heating plane of the heat pipe, the outer rim of the closed vacuum chamber 6-2 and the inner surface of the wall of the heating plate should have a liquid absorbing element 6-5 if a phase transition of the heat transfer medium is used for heat transfer.

According to the present invention, a single heat pipe, or double heat pipes, or even a plurality of heat pipes can be used.

If the heat pipe is used in the singular, then a plate of materials with a high coefficient of thermal conductivity, such as red copper, should be installed between the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe and another end plate of materials with a high coefficient of thermal conductivity, such as red copper; the heat-absorbing end, the end plate and the plate must be bolted together. A hole and a channel for molten metal and an output channel are made in the middle of the plate; the heat-absorbing end, the end plate and the plate are made with the formation of a heat chamber 6-1a. When the molten metal for casting is poured into the heat chamber 6-1a, heat can be quickly transferred from the heat-absorbing end 6-1a of the heat pipe to the heat transfer medium 6-3 in a closed vacuum chamber 6-2, where heat can be absorbed by the heat transfer medium or rapidly dissipated by evaporation heat transfer medium; and ultimately, the heat transferred by the transition of the liquid phase or a material with good heat transfer properties can be dissipated and absorbed quickly through each layer of a spirally twisted film or foil with a large surface area. A melt with instantaneous release of potential solidification energy and critical thermal energy holds the molecular structures of the liquid alloy in a close, chaotic and disordered state, and ultimately provides instant solidification of the metallic material of a non-crystalline, crystalline or quasicrystalline state.

The heat transfer efficiency can be improved by introducing a material with a high coefficient of thermal conductivity (for example, a plate made of red copper) and having an inlet for casting and an outlet for air between the two tubes. As a complex tube, three or more tubes may be used.

Example 7 implementation

According to Fig. 7, the implementation example 7 is a type of heat pipe used for a rotating roll with an integrated heat pipe in the form of a tube bundle for the production of metal strips through a fast solidification process.

This type of integrated heat pipe contains a housing 7-1 with a closed vacuum chamber 7-2, which is filled with a heat transfer medium 7-3. A distinctive feature of this heat pipe is that the heat-absorbing end of the housing 7-1 of circular cross section and rectangular vertical section is on the outside of the closed chamber; a heat conductor is installed in a vacuum chamber 7-2 enclosed in a cylindrical housing 7-1 and between the end plates 7-6 of the housing; the heat conductor 7-4 is a thin-walled liquid channel 7-4a and contains 110 groups of thin-walled tubes of circular cross section, and it passes through both ends of the end plates 7-6 of the housing; the outer wall surface of each thin-walled tube is the inner chamber of the heat conductor 7-4 and is connected to the closed vacuum chamber 7-2 and inside it; each inner surface of the wall of a thin-walled tube of circular cross section is a channel 7-4a of the heat conductor 7-4 and is a heat dissipation surface of the heat conductor 7-4, which is in contact with a cold liquid; each heat conductor group shares the same closed vacuum chamber 7-2 and heat transfer medium 7-3 inside the closed vacuum chamber 7-2; moreover, each group of heat conductor 7-4 is not only independent, but also connected to each other; closed chamber 7-2 has a vacuum and is filled with heat transfer medium 7-3; in order to ensure normal heat transfer when the roll rotates at low speed, the outer rim of the closed vacuum chamber 7-2 and the inner surface of the wall of the housing 7-1 should have a liquid absorbing element 7-5 built into them if a phase transition of the heat transfer medium is used for heat transfer.

In the process, the outer surface of the cylindrical body 7-1, which serves as a heat-absorbing end, contacts the heat sources and receives heat, and then transfers heat to the heat transfer medium 7-3 in a closed vacuum chamber 7-2, where heat is absorbed by the heat transfer medium or rapidly dissipated by evaporation heat transfer medium, and then heat can be supplied to the cold liquid in the liquid channel 7-4a by means of each group of thin-walled tubes of circular cross-section, and ultimately the heat of the heat sources will be carried cold liquid for rapid solidification of the hot liquid metal in contact with the surface of the cylindrical body 7-1.

The cross section of the channel 7-4a for liquid may have other shapes: rectangular, gear, etc.

The auxiliary channel 7-8 for the fluid is made at both ends of the housing, connected to the channel 7-4a for the fluid and has an inlet 7-9 for the outlet and entrance of the fluid. The housing 7-1 is mounted on the axis of rotation, as a result of which this melting roll with a tube bundle is a rotator.

The cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber 10-1a may have other suitable shapes: round, rectangular, gear or a combination of these shapes.

The vertical section of the heat-absorbing end may be elongated or have other suitable shapes used for rotation.

The shape of the thin-walled fluid channel 7-4a may also have other suitable shapes: rectangular, polygonal, gear, and the like.

The present invention provides a specific heat transfer mechanism using a liquid medium, which has the following features:

a) having a circular cross-section housing 7-1 with a heat pipe will serve as the surface of the heat-absorbing end for contacting heat sources and for absorbing heat when it rotates at high speed; it will transfer heat absorbed through the surface of its wall to the heat-absorbing end of its body to the heat transfer medium 7-3 in the same closed vacuum chamber 7-2, which is discarded to the inner wall surface of the heat-absorbing end by centrifugal force, where heat is absorbed by the heat transfer medium 7-3 , and the heat transfer medium 7-3 quickly evaporates and dissipates heat; saturated water vapor fills the space of a closed vacuum chamber 7-2 and passes through a low-temperature thin-walled channel 7-4 for liquid, while it condenses instantly on the surface of a thin-walled channel 7-4 for liquid, and the carried away evaporated heat is released, and then heat is transferred to the thin-walled channel 7 -4 for liquid to cold liquid in the outer chamber 7-4a of the thin-walled liquid channel, and ultimately the heat absorbed by the heat pipe will be carried away by the cold liquid. With the accumulation of condensed liquid on the surface of a thin-walled liquid channel, it is again discarded to the inner wall surface of the heat-absorbing end under the influence of centrifugal force, and a new heat transfer cycle begins, and thus it repeats. This method provides a large radiation surface, uses a phase transition to achieve uniform heat transfer under isothermal surface conditions.

The centrifugal force of rotation of the heat pipe ensures the passage of the liquid medium to the heat-absorbing end and significantly reduces heat stagnation at the interface during heat transfer during the phase transition, and thereby ensures optimal heat transfer efficiency.

b) The round-shaped casing 7-1 serves as a heat-absorbing end for contacting heat sources and absorbing heat when it rotates at low speed, it will transfer heat absorbed through the surface of its wall to the heat-absorbing end of the casing to a heat transfer liquid medium 7-3 c the same closed vacuum chamber 7-2, which will adhere to the inner surface of the wall of the liquid absorbing heat pipe element 7-5 due to adhesive forces, and there heat can be absorbed by the heat transfer medium 7-3 and evaporate quickly with heat dissipation. Saturated water vapor fills the space of the closed vacuum chamber 7-2 and passes through the low-temperature thin-walled liquid channel 7-4 and condenses instantly on the surface of the thin-walled liquid channel 7-4, and the heat carried away by evaporation is released, and then heat is transferred to the thin-walled channel 7-4 for liquid to cold liquid outside the closed chamber 7-4a of the thin-walled liquid channel, and ultimately the heat of the heat pipe will be carried away by the cold liquid. As the condensed liquid accumulates on the surface of the thin-walled liquid channel, it returns to the lowest position of the closed chamber 7-2 of the heat pipe under its own weight; the liquid medium 7-3 will enter the heat-absorbing element of the heat pipe under the influence of capillary force, and it will again be introduced into a position in which it can come into contact with heat sources, and thus a new cycle begins, again repeated. This method provides a large radiation surface, uses a phase transition to achieve uniform heat transfer under isothermal surface conditions. The capillary forces of the heat-absorbing element of the liquid tube and the adhesive forces of the liquid medium of the heat pipe ensure the passage of the liquid medium into the heat-absorbing end, resulting in optimal heat transfer.

Example 8 implementation

On Fig shows the integrated heat pipe of example 8 implementation with an internal gear chamber (or it can be called a closed corrugated thin-walled configuration), in which the roll rotates with an integrated heat pipe, used for the preparation of continuous casting and rolling of metal thin strips in metallurgy.

This type of integrated heat pipe contains a closed vacuum chamber 8-2 and a housing 7-1 filled with a heat transfer medium 8-3, and has the following features: the cross section of the heat-absorbing end 8-1 of the heat pipe body is round, and its vertical section is rectangular, and heat-absorbing the end is on the side of the closed chamber 8-2; a heat conductor 8-4 is installed inside the closed vacuum chamber 8-2, which consists of a housing 8-1 of cylindrical section and an end plate 8-6 of the housing; the heat conductor 8-4 consists of 12 groups (or one group of 12 thin-walled tubes of a chamber of internal toothed section) of a thin-walled fluid channel 8-4a that passes through both ends of the end plate 8-6 of the housing; each side of the inner wall of the tooth of the thin-walled tube of the gear internal section is the inner chamber of the heat conductor 8-4, which is installed inside the closed vacuum chamber 8-2 and communicates with all others; the outer wall surface of each section of the internal gear chamber is a heat conduit fluid channel 8-4a 8-4 and is a heat dissipation surface of the heat conductor 8-4 that is in contact with a cold fluid; each group of the heat conductor, together with the others, uses a closed vacuum chamber 8-2 and a heat transfer medium 8-3 inside the closed vacuum chamber 8-2; each group of heat conductor 8-4 is not only independent, but also communicates with each other; closed vacuum chamber 8-2 has a vacuum and is filled with heat transfer medium 8-3; to ensure normal heat transfer, when the roll rotates at low speed, the outer rim of the closed vacuum chamber 8-2 must be closed and the liquid absorbing element 8-5 of the heat pipe must be provided on the inner wall of the housing 8-1, if the liquid heat transfer medium is used as phase transition material for heat transfer.

During operation, the heat-absorbing end of the side surface of the rotating cylindrical body 8-1 contacts the heat sources and absorbs heat, and then transfers heat to the heat transfer medium 8-3 in the same closed vacuum chamber 8-2 at the same time, and there the heat may absorbed by the heat transfer medium or rapidly dissipated by evaporation of the heat transfer medium, and then heat can be transferred to the cold liquid in the fluid channel 8-4a using each group of a thin-walled tube of circular cross section, and ultimately heat children blown cold fluid to a hot fluid on the contacted surface of the circular chamber 8-1 quickly hardened.

A thin-walled tube with an internal cross section in the form of a gear chamber can form a portion of the fluid channel 8-4a having an uneven shape.

The auxiliary channel 8-8 for liquid, having an output-input 8-9 for liquid, is made on the right and left end plates of the housing 8-1, which communicates with the channel for liquid.

The housing 8-1 will be mounted on the axis of rotation, so a rotating roll with a tube bundle is a body of revolution.

The vertical section of the heat-absorbing end 7-1 of the heat pipe body may have a cylindrical shape, and other suitable shapes are also suitable for rotation.

The present invention provides a specific heat transfer mechanism when a liquid medium is used; The signs of this mechanism are the following:

a) having a circular cross-section housing 8-1 with a heat pipe will serve as a heat-absorbing end for contacting heat sources and for absorbing heat when it is operating at a high rotation speed; it will transfer heat absorbed through the surface of its wall to the heat-absorbing end of its body to the heat transfer medium 8-3 in the same closed vacuum chamber 8-2, which is discarded to the inner wall surface of the heat-absorbing end by centrifugal force, where heat is absorbed by the heat transfer medium 8-3 The 8-3 heat transfer medium evaporates quickly and dissipates heat. Saturated water vapor fills the space of a closed vacuum chamber 8-2 and passes through a low-temperature thin-walled channel 8-4 for liquid, condenses instantly on the surface of a thin-walled channel 8-4 for liquid, and the carried away evaporated heat is released, and then heat is transferred by a thin-walled channel 8-4 for liquid into a cold liquid outside the closed chamber 8-4a of a thin-walled liquid channel, and ultimately the heat absorbed by the heat pipe will be carried away by the cold liquid. With the accumulation of condensed liquid on the surface of a thin-walled liquid channel, it is again discarded to the inner wall surface of the heat-absorbing end under the influence of centrifugal force, and a new heat transfer cycle begins, and thus it repeats. This method provides a large surface of thermal radiation, uses a phase transition to achieve uniform heat transfer under isothermal surface conditions. The centrifugal force of rotation of the heat pipe ensures the passage of the liquid medium into the heat-absorbing end and significantly reduces heat stagnation at the interface during heat transfer during the phase transition, and thereby ensures optimal heat transfer efficiency.

b) A round-shaped housing 8-1 serves as a heat-absorbing end for contacting heat sources and absorbing heat when it rotates at a low speed, it will transfer heat absorbed through the surface of its wall to the heat-absorbing end of the housing to a heat transfer liquid medium of 8-3 the same closed vacuum chamber 8-2, which will adhere to the inner surface of the wall of the liquid absorbing heat pipe element 8-5 due to adhesive forces, while heat can be absorbed by the heat transfer medium 8-3 and quickly dissipate by evaporation of the heat transfer medium 8-3; saturated water vapor fills the space of a closed vacuum chamber 8-2, passes through a low-temperature thin-walled channel 8-4 for liquid and condenses instantly on the surface of a thin-walled channel 8-4 for liquid, the heat carried away by evaporation is released there, and then heat is transferred by a thin-walled channel 8-4 for liquid into a cold liquid outside the closed chamber 8-4a of a thin-walled liquid channel, and ultimately the heat of the heat pipe will be carried away by the cold liquid. As the condensed liquid accumulates on the surface of the thin-walled liquid channel, it returns to the lowest position of the closed chamber 8-2 of the heat pipe under its own weight; the liquid medium 8-3 will enter the heat-absorbing element 8-5 of the heat pipe under the influence of capillary force, and it will again be introduced into a position in which it will be able to contact heat sources, and thus a new cycle will begin, again repeated. This method provides a large radiation surface, uses a phase transition to achieve uniform heat transfer under isothermal surface conditions. The capillary forces of the heat-absorbing element of the liquid tube and the adhesive forces of the liquid medium of the heat pipe ensure the passage of the liquid medium into the heat-absorbing end, resulting in optimal heat transfer.

Example 9 implementation

According to FIG. 9, an example of implementation 9 is a variation of a backward-facing cone of a radial linear ribbed structure used for a plasma welding and cutting nozzle.

This integrated heat pipe comprising a housing 9-1 with a closed chamber 9-2 filled with heat transfer medium 9-3 has a round heat-absorbing chamber 9-1a that extends over the cross section of the housing and is located on the heat-absorbing end of the housing 9-1, its vertical the section has the form of an inverted trapezoid; a heat conductor 9-4 is located on the side of the closed vacuum chamber 9-2; the heat conductor 9-4 has a thin-walled fluid channel 9-4a with a radial linear distribution of 12 long ribs and coincides in axis with the heat pipe; the inner side of each group of the long ribs is the inner chamber of the heat conductor 9-4, and it is connected to the closed vacuum chamber 9-2 and with the continuation of the closed vacuum chamber 9-2; the outer side of each long rib is the cooling surface of the fluid conduit 9-4a of the heat conductor 9-4, which is in contact with the cold fluid; each group of the heat conductor shares a closed chamber 9-2 and a heat transfer medium 9-3 in a closed vacuum chamber 9-2; each group of heat conductor 9-4 is independent and connected to each other; the wall surface of the closed vacuum chamber 9-2 and the wall surface of the fluid channel 9-4a with a corrugated radial linear ribbed structure together form an integrated heat pipe body 9-1; closed vacuum chamber 9-2 has a vacuum and is filled with heat transfer medium 9-3; when using heat-transferring types of fluid with a phase transition, the inner wall of the heat-absorbing chamber 9-1a in the closed vacuum chamber 9-2 has a liquid absorbing element 9-5 installed on it.

The cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber 9-1a of the housing 9-1 may have other shapes: rectangular, polygonal, etc.

To accelerate convection cooling with cold air, the outer casing 9-10 is adjacent to the outer rim of the corrugated thin-walled channel 9-4a for liquid.

The corrugated thin-walled liquid channel 9-4a may also have another curved surface, for example, radial curved ribs, etc. To increase the cooling surface of the heat pipe, some ribs directly in contact with the channel walls must be installed between adjacent corrugated thin-walled channels 9-4a for fluid Wednesday.

Housing 9-1 is threaded for connection to externally mounted equipment.

The closed chamber 9-1a of the housing 9-1 transfers the absorbed heat through the surface of its wall to the heat transfer medium 9-3 in the closed vacuum chamber 9-2; the heat transfer medium absorbs heat or rapidly evaporates with heat dissipation, and then heat is transferred to the side channel 9-4a for the fluid through the wall surface of the corrugated linear ribbed thin wall and is ultimately carried away by the cold liquid. Since the cooling area is increased and the heat transfer medium 9-3 is located near the heat source and since the phase transition of the fluid and the heat transfer process using substances with high thermal efficiency are used, the entire cooling surface has a uniform temperature distribution and the cooling area of each element can fulfill its function in maximum degree in contrast to other nozzles of a similar design and nozzles with direct heat pipes.

Example 10 implementation

10, example 10 shows a heat exchanger having an integrated heat pipe of complex cross section and used for heat transfer of two types of fluid.

This heat pipe contains a housing 10-1 with a closed chamber 10-2 filled with heat transfer medium 10-3, has a thin-walled heat-absorbing chamber 10-1a with a surface whose contour has a heart shape and on which 12 groups of a circular tube are radially distributed along the axis of the heat pipe mounted on the heat-absorbing end of the housing and passing through the two end caps of the housing 11-1; heat conductor 10-4 is located on the outside of the closed vacuum chamber; the heat conductor 10-4 has a thin-walled fluid channel 10-4a on which 48 long fins are radially distributed along the axis of the heating chamber 10-1a; the inner side of each rib is the inner chamber of the heat conductor 10-4 and is connected to the vacuum chamber 10-2 and with the continuation of the vacuum chamber 10-2; the outer side of each rib is the cooling surface of the fluid conduit 10-4a, which is in contact with the cold fluid; each group of the heat conductor shares a closed chamber 10-2 and a heat transfer medium 10-3 in the vacuum chamber; each group of heat conductor 10-4 is independent and connected to each other group; a heat-absorbing shell chamber 10-1a, a thin-walled channel for a heat conductor 10-4a and two end caps of the housing 10-1 are closed and form a closed chamber 10-2 and a heat pipe body; closed vacuum chamber 10-2 has a vacuum and is filled with heat transfer medium 10-3; if a phase transition of the heat transfer medium is used to effect heat transfer, then the wall surface of the closed chamber corresponding to the heating chamber 10-1a must have a liquid absorbing element 10-5; the middle part of the auxiliary fluid channel 10-11, located between the two ends of the housing 10-1, contains a thin-walled fluid channel 10-4a. These elements and the heat pipe together form a heat exchanger based on an integrated heat pipe having a plane of mixed shape.

During heat transfer, the hot fluid passes into the heat-absorbing chamber 10-1a through the outlet-inlet 10-10 and the auxiliary channel 10-12 for the fluid and is then transmitted by the wall surface to the heat transfer medium 10-3 in a closed vacuum chamber 10-2; the heat transfer medium absorbs heat or evaporates, quickly dissipating heat, and then heat is transferred to the side channel 10-4a for the fluid through each group of corrugated radial linear ribbed thin walls and ultimately carried away by the cold fluid. Since the cooling area is increased and the heat transfer medium 10-3 is near the heat source and since the phase transition of the fluid and the super heat transfer process are used, which have a high thermal efficiency of heat transfer of substances, the entire cooling surface has a uniform temperature distribution and the cooling area of each element can perform its function to the maximum extent; it is possible to carry out heat transfer between the fluid in a small volume, and it is possible to increase the heat transfer coefficient accordingly.

To account for gravity, this heat pipe-based refrigeration unit is used in an upright position or at some angle if a working fluid is used.

The cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber 10-1a may also have other suitable shapes: round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or combined.

The cross section of the thin-walled fluid channel 10-4a may also have other suitable shapes, such as a radial curved ribbed shape or combinations of round, rectangular, polygonal, gear-shaped, and the like, and may have the configuration of a thin-walled closed tubular fluid channel, which passes through both end caps 10-1 of the housing, respectively.

Example 11 implementation

According to FIG. 11, the implementation example 11 is a heat pipe used for rotors having an integrated heat pipe with a mixed-shaped plane for generators and electric motors.

This integrated heat pipe includes a housing 11-1 with a closed chamber 11-2, filled with heat transfer medium 11-3. Its outer round shell is a heat-absorbing end 11-6; there are three groups of radial linear thin-walled chambers 11-6a that perceive heat; a heat-absorbing end is located on the outside of the closed vacuum chamber; the heat conductor 11-4, which passes through the two end caps of the housing, is a thin-walled fluid channel 11-4a and has 16 long ribs radially distributed coaxial with the axis of the heat pipe; the inner side of each rib is the inner chamber of the heat conductor 11-4, connected to the vacuum chamber 11-2 and is a continuation of the vacuum chamber 11-2; the outer side of each rib is the cooling surface of the heat conduit channel 11-4a 11-4 and is in contact with the cooling fluid; each group of the heat conductor shares a closed chamber 11-2 and a heat transfer medium 11-3 in the vacuum chamber; each group of heat conductor 11-4 is independent and connected to each other group; the heat-absorbing end 11-6 of the housing, a thin-walled fluid channel 11-4a and two end caps of the housing 10-1 are closed and form a closed chamber 10-2 and a heat pipe body; closed vacuum chamber 10-2 has a vacuum and is filled with heat transfer medium 11-3; if a phase transition of the heat transfer medium is used to effect heat transfer, the wall surface of the closed chamber corresponding to the heating chamber 11-6a, consisting of 3 groups of radial linear ribs of the heat-absorbing end, must have a liquid absorbing element 11-5; the axis of the rotor and the middle part of the auxiliary channel 11-8 for the fluid, located between the two ends of the housing 11-1, contains a thin-walled channel 11-4a for the fluid. These elements and the heat pipe together form a rotor housing with a plane of mixed shape.

A thin-walled heating chamber 11-6a with a radial and linear arrangement of the ribs can be made in accordance with the heat source of the rotor; the heat generated by the heat source of the rotor is transferred to the heat transfer medium 11-3 in the closed chamber 11-2 through a thin-walled heating chamber 11-6a with radial and linear ribs, then the heat transfer medium 1-3 receives heat and evaporates with heat dissipation, and the heat is transferred into the cold fluid in the channel 4-4 a for the fluid for each group of ribbed thin walls, and ultimately is carried away by the cold fluid. Since the cooling area is increased and the heat transfer medium 3-3 is near the heat source, and due to the use of the phase transition of the fluid of the super heat transfer process having high heat efficiency of heat transfer substances, the entire cooling surface has a uniform temperature distribution and high heat transfer effect, as a result of which the cooling effect is increased and increases the safety and reliability of the rotor.

The shape of the thin-walled fluid channel 11-4a may also have other suitable shapes: the shape of radial curved ribs, etc .; or may have a thin-walled tubular fluid channel enclosed in several groups of tubes of round, rectangular, polygonal, gear-shaped, etc., and passing through two end caps of the housing 11-1.

Industrial applicability

The present invention takes advantage of the variety of designs of the heat-absorbing ends of the heat pipe casing and the placement of the heat transfer medium in a closed chamber in a position adjacent to the heating surface to reduce the contact of the heat source and thermal resistance; the advantages of placing a heat conductor on the outer and / or inner sides of the closed chamber with obtaining the largest cooling surface in the smallest volume; the possibility of super-heat transfer of the heat transfer medium is used to transfer heat near the heat conductor to the cooling end to increase the speed and ability of heat transfer. The present invention is applicable to contacted heat sources, and to heat sources that are fluid, and provides the following advantages: low total thermal resistance, large cooling area and high heat transfer rate, and the like.

The present invention also has the advantage of various applications in a number of technical fields, including cooling solids that come in contact with heat sources in accordance with the principle of heat transfer, for example cooling a central processor or computer cards and high-power electronic components and the like, rotating heat sources in rotating shafts, for example, cooling rolls in the production of metal strips using a quick solidification method; rolls and foundry wheels for continuous casting in metallurgy; cooling of rotors of electric motors and rotors of turbines, etc .; cooling used for the crystallization process for continuous casting in metallurgy and for the manufacture of wire through a quick solidification process; rotor cooling in motors, engines and similar mechanical drive rotors; cooling used in the production of bulk metallic materials in a non-crystalline, crystalline or quasicrystalline state using the fast solidification process in the production of new type of metallic materials; cooling of plasma torches and torches, plasma torches for spraying paints, nozzles of welding guns for electron beam welding, nozzles of guns for arc welding, etc.

The above description and examples are for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Other features, features and objectives of the present invention are illustrated by the drawings and claims. It is understood that, within the spirit and scope of the invention and its claims, other implementations thereof may be developed.

The above documents are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.

Claims (63)

1. An integrated heat pipe containing a housing forming a closed vacuum chamber having a heat transfer medium containing a group of heat conductors connected to a closed chamber of an integrated heat pipe from the outside, inside or outside and inside, each group in contact with a closed chamber and a heat transfer medium in a closed chamber, and the heat transfer medium is a liquid medium capable of heat transfer due to a phase transition, or is a highly efficient heat transfer medium that uses other types of thermal conductivity, while the heat conductors are made in the form of a thin-walled channel for a fluid to dissipate heat by means of a cooling fluid, or in the form of a heat-absorbing structure for absorbing heat, and when the heat conductors are made in the form of a thin-walled channel for a fluid and connected to a closed chamber outside, the thin-walled channel for the fluid is a corrugated curved surface, and when the heat conductors are made in the form of a thin-walled channel for those learning environment and are connected to the closed chamber inside, the thin-walled channel for the fluid is a closed tube, while when the heat conductors are made in the form of a heat-absorbing structure with good heat conductivity, with high heat capacity and a large surface and are connected to the closed chamber from the outside, inside or outside and inside, the heat-absorbing structure is made of a bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material or is made in the form of a combination thereof, and the heat conductors are made in the form of heat-scattering end, and the housing or part of the housing is made in the form of a heat-absorbing end.
2. The tube according to claim 1, in which the thin-walled channel for the fluid is a corrugated curved surface, when the heat conductors are made in the form of a thin-walled channel for the fluid and connected to the closed chamber from the outside, and the corrugated curved surface is parallel, perpendicular or parallel and perpendicular heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe, while the internal cavities of each group of heat conductors are extensions of the closed chamber, and the outer shell of the closed chamber Frames and the outer shell of the thin-walled fluid channel form a housing, with a cooling fluid channel formed on the outside of the curved surface, and the curved surface of the thin-walled fluid channel is a ribbed surface, columns evenly or unevenly distributed, a surface in the form of an inverted letter “U” or a combination.
3. The tube according to claim 1, in which the thin-walled channel for the fluid is a closed tube, when the heat conductors are made in the form of a thin-walled channel for the fluid and are connected to the closed chamber inside, while from the inlet of the fluid to the fluid outlet of the channel for the fluid it passes through a closed chamber between two sides of the closed chamber, between adjacent sides of the closed chamber or through one side of the closed chamber, and a cooling channel is formed inside the thin-walled fluid channel giving fluid.
4. The tube according to claim 3, in which the cross section of a thin-walled fluid channel has a round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated or other suitable shape, or a combination thereof.
5. The tube according to claim 1, in which the distance between the layers, providing sufficient heat transfer for a given heat transfer medium, when the heat conductors are made in the form of a heat-absorbing structure made of a bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or a combination thereof, the openings between the layers face a heat transfer medium located in the heat absorbing end.
6. The tube according to claim 5, in which the heat-absorbing structure is folded, bent or folded from a membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, flocculus or web, or made of thin-walled tubes inserted in one another or a combination thereof.
7. The tube according to claim 3, in which the heat conductor or heat-absorbing end has a group of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, with additional channels for cold, hot, or cold and hot fluids connected to two sides, while additional fluid channels surround a corrugated ribbed curved surface of thin-walled fluid channels or corresponding parts of the end cap of a thin-walled channel in the form of a closed tube.
8. The tube according to claim 1, in which the heat conductor of the thin-walled fluid channel has a straight shape, a curved ribbed shape, a straight ribbed shape, mirrored with respect to the base body, the shape of the inverted letter "U", or a combination thereof, or a thin-walled channel for a fluid in the form of a closed tube passes through the closed chamber from two opposite or adjacent sides of the closed chamber, while the heat-absorbing end, the housing or part of the housing on the opposite side of the corrugated curved surface thin-walled channels for the fluid, or on the side parallel to the thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, passes through two opposite sides of the closed chamber, and the external shape of the heat-absorbing end corresponds to the shape of the heat source, while the external form is smooth and flat or corresponds to the external the contact surface of the heat source for installation with clamping for a sufficiently tight fit, and when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid heat transfer medium, t a liquid-absorbing element is installed in the non-absorbing lower part extending to the closed chamber.
9. The tube according to claim 1, additionally containing a part of the housing surrounding the closed chamber at the heat-absorbing end, having a cross section outside the round shape, and a longitudinal section of a rectangular, cylindrical or other rotation shape suitable for a heat source, a group of thin-walled channels for fluid in in the form of a closed tube, a group of closed and corrugated curved surfaces located on the periphery relative to the axis of the heat pipe and located inside the closed chamber and passing through the closed chamber between two opposite sides perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface, while the cross-section of a thin-walled fluid channel in the form of a closed tube has a round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated or other suitable shape, or a combination thereof, a group of closed and corrugated curved surfaces located at the periphery of the axis of the heat pipe and having a curved ribbed shape or other corresponding shape of a curved surface, or a combination thereof, additional channels fluid channels connected to thin-walled channels for the fluid and to the walls of the housing perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface of the housing, and additional channels for the fluid have inlet and outlet openings for cold fluid, while when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid absorbing a liquid element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other structure which is effectively absorbing liquid is mounted on the inner surface of a round heat absorption end of the guide body, the outer surface of the circular heat-absorbing end of the body is adapted to the absorption by the rotation, the heat of solidification and cooling of the melt or heat conducted to the surface through contact with the absorbed heat is carried away by the heat transfer medium and a dissipated thin-walled channels for a fluid.
10. The tube according to claim 1, in which the housing with a closed and corrugated curved surface on the heat-absorbing end surrounds the closed chamber and is located along the contour of the rotation structure having a cross section with more than three groups of uniformly or symmetrically located ribbed curved surfaces with equal or unequal height while thin-walled channels in the form of a closed tube, or closed and corrugated curved surfaces located at the periphery, contain a heat-dissipating end located in to a clean chamber and passing through it between two opposite sides of the housing perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface, the cross-section of thin-walled fluid channels in the form of a closed tube having a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, or a combination thereof, closed and corrugated a curved surface located at the periphery has a curved ribbed shape, with additional channels for the fluid connected to thin-walled channels for t fluid and with the walls of the housing perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface of the housing, with additional channels for the fluid have inlet and outlet openings for cold fluid, while when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other effective liquid-absorbing structure is mounted on the inner surface of the round heat-absorbing end of the housing, the housing being closed and corrugated a curvilinear surface located outside the rotation structure is made in the form of a heat-absorbing surface for absorption during rotation of heat from the shaft and the heat source inside the shaft, or heat generated by the external hot fluid, while the heat absorbed is carried away by the heat transfer medium and, ultimately, is dissipated by thin-walled fluid channels.
11. The tube according to claim 1, in which the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of a heat-absorbing chamber passing through two opposite sides of the body and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber has an inner round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, and the heat-dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of thin-walled channels for the fluid, representing a corrugated ribbed surface or curved rib th surface extending parallel or perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber, or a thin-walled fluid passage in the form of a closed tube extending through two opposite sides of the housing and extending parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber; moreover, the cross section of the thin-walled fluid channel in the form of a closed tube has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, while when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the construction fluid is mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber crosses the vacuum chamber, with an additional groove for the liquid The hole is made on the lower surface of the liquid-absorbing element, while the closed vacuum chamber of the integrated heat pipe is surrounded by end caps perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber and thin-walled channels for the fluid, and an additional channel for the fluid with a cooling water passage surrounds the thin-walled corrugated fluid channel a ribbed curved surface, or the corresponding parts of the end caps of a thin-walled fluid channel in the form of a closed tube, The heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat due to heat conduction during solidification and cooling of the flowing melt, while the absorbed heat is carried away by the heat transfer medium, and ultimately is scattered by thin-walled channels for the fluid.
12. The tube according to claim 1, in which the group of heat-absorbing cavities passes through the opposite two sides of the housing in a closed chamber, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other shape, while when the heat conductors have a heat-absorbing structure with good heat conductivity, large heat capacity and large surface and are connected to a closed chamber from the outside, inside or outside and inside, the heat-absorbing structure is made of a bent or twisted membrane a sheet, tube or filamentary material, or a combination thereof, the heat-absorbing structure being folded, bent or folded from a membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, flocculus or web, or made of thin-walled tubes inserted in one another or a combination thereof, the layers sufficiently spaced to provide sufficient heat transfer for the heat transfer medium, the openings between the layers facing the heat transfer medium located at the heat-absorbing end, while when the integrated heat pipe is used a liquid medium, a liquid absorbing element in the form of a groove or a sintered metal powder or other liquid-absorbing structure efficiently mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and due to heat conduction, the heat-absorbing chamber absorbs the heat generated from the solidification and cooling of the continuing melt which is carried away by the heat transfer medium into the heat-absorbing structure and dissipated by the heat-absorbing structure ui.
13. The tube according to claim 1, in which the housing or part thereof, made in the form of a heat-absorbing end, is smooth and flat, or corresponding to the heat-absorbing end of another heat pipe, the two heat pipes being connected to a molded plate of high conductivity metal containing a cavity, wherein the molded plate has channels for the hot molten substance and channels for air outlet, and the heat-absorbing ends of the heat pipes and the molded plate of high conductivity metal surround the cavity in the molded a plate for forming a heat-absorbing chamber, wherein when the heat conductors have a heat-absorbing structure with good heat conductivity, large heat capacity and a large surface and are connected to the closed chamber from the outside, inside or outside and inside, the heat-absorbing structure is made of a bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or a combination thereof, wherein the heat-absorbing structure is also folded, bent, or folded from a membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, flocculus or web, or made of thin-walled tubes inserted into one another or a combination thereof, the layers being sufficiently spaced to provide sufficient heat transfer for the heat transfer medium, the openings between the layers facing the heat transfer medium located at the heat-absorbing end, and when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium that absorbs a liquid element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other structure which is effectively absorbing liquid is mounted on the outer surface, where The cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, while the heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat due to heat conduction from hardening and cooling of the passing melt, which is carried away by the heat transfer medium into the heat-absorbing structure and dissipated by the heat-absorbing structure.
14. The tube according to claim 1, in which the housing or its part, made in the form of a heat-absorbing end, is smooth and flat, or a corresponding metal end plate with high heat conductivity, and the heat pipe and end plate are connected to a molded plate of high conductivity metal, containing a cavity, while the molded plate has channels for the hot molten substance and channels for the exit of air, moreover, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe, the metal end plate of high metal thermal conductivity and a molded plate of high thermal conductivity metal surround the cavity in the molded plate to form a heat-absorbing chamber, while when the heat conductors have a heat-absorbing structure with good heat conductivity, large heat capacity and a large surface and are connected to the closed chamber from the outside, inside or outside and inside, the heat-absorbing structure made of a bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or a combination thereof, the heat-absorbing structure it is folded, bent, or folded from a membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, flocculus or web, or made of thin-walled tubes inserted one into another or a combination thereof, the layers being spaced to provide sufficient heat transfer for a heat transfer medium, with the openings between the layers facing a heat transfer medium located at the heat absorbing end, wherein when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid absorbing element is in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other effective liquid absorbing structure is installed on the outer surface, wherein the heat-absorbing chamber cross-section intersects with the vacuum chamber, wherein the heat absorbing chamber absorbs heat conduction due to heat generated by the hardening and cooling flowing melt which is carried away by the heat transfer medium in the heat absorbing structure and dissipated through the heat-absorbing structure.
15. The tube according to claim 1, in which the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of a heat-absorbing chamber passing through two opposite sides of the housing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a circular inner shape or other suitable shape, and a longitudinal section of heat-absorbing cavities has the external shape of a rectangle, an inverted cone, or another form of rotation suitable for a heat source, the heat-dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in a channel for a cold fluid parallel to the axis of a heat-absorbing chamber with a longitudinal section having the external shape of a rectangle, an inverted cone, or a shape suitable for interaction with a corrugated curved surface or a ribbed surface located on the surface of revolution, or a gear surface located on the surface of rotation in in the form of an inverted cone, or a corrugated curved surface for a thin-walled channel for a fluid, uniformly or unevenly distributed laid on the surface of rotation in the form of an inverted cone, the corrugated thin-walled fluid channel surrounding the housing to form an additional fluid channel to accelerate the flow of cold fluid, while the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium that absorbs a liquid element in the form grooves or sintered metal powder or other liquid-absorbing structure efficiently mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section is heat-absorbing the chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and due to heat conduction, the heat-absorbing chamber absorbs the heat generated by the high-temperature fluid, which is carried away by the heat transfer medium into the thin-walled channel for the fluid and, ultimately, is dissipated by the cold fluid passing outside the corrugated thin-walled channel for fluid medium.
16. The tube according to claim 1, in which the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of many groups of heat-absorbing chambers passing through two opposite sides of the housing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear internal shape or other suitable shape, or a combination thereof, of the heat dissipating end of the heat pipe, is made in the form of a thin-walled channel for a fluid parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber and having its corrugated curved surface or curved ribbed surface outside the closed chamber, while when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, a liquid absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other liquid effectively absorbing structure is mounted on the outer surface where the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with a vacuum chamber, and the additional groove for the liquid medium is made on the lower surface of the absorbing liquid an element, the heat-absorbing chamber, the corrugated thin-walled fluid channel outside the closed chamber, and the end caps of the housing perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber surround the closed chamber of the heat pipe, and an additional channel for hot fluid with an inlet and outlet for hot or cold fluid surrounds two sides of the end caps of the housing, with an additional channel for cold fluid with an inlet and outlet for hot or cold fluid surrounds the corrugated thin duct of the fluid outside the closed chamber and forms a heat pipe heat exchanger with an integrated heat pipe for heat transfer between two kinds of fluid.
17. The tube according to any one of paragraphs.12-14, used for heat removal in the manufacture of preforms of non-crystalline, microcrystalline and subcrystalline quick-hardening metal.
18. An integrated heat pipe containing a housing forming a closed vacuum chamber having a heat transfer medium, comprising a housing or part of the housing made in the form of a heat-absorbing end, a group of heat-absorbing cavities that pass through a housing installed in a closed chamber, an outer shell surrounding the closed chamber representing a rotation structure surrounding a closed chamber, or a rotation structure surrounding a closed chamber with a corrugated curved surface located on a con structures of rotation, an end surface or a part of an end surface that is perpendicular to the axis of the heat pipe, while the external shape of the heat-absorbing end corresponds to the shape of a heat source for a tight fit, while the external shape has groups of corrugated curved surfaces, groups of curved surfaces of closed tubular thin-walled channels for a fluid , or a combination thereof, the heat transfer medium being in a closed vacuum chamber at the heat absorbing end near the heat absorbing surface nosti.
19. The tube according to claim 18, wherein the group of heat-absorbing cavities passes through the housing between two opposite sides of the housing, between adjacent sides of the housing or through one side of the housing, the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities having a round, rectangular, polygonal, toothed or other suitable form.
20. The tube according to claim 18, wherein the shell in the form of a rotation structure surrounding a closed chamber at the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe has a cross section outside the round shape, and a longitudinal section of a rectangular, cylindrical or other rotation shape suitable for a heat source.
21. The tube according to claim 18, wherein the outer shell of the corrugated curved surface is arranged on a rotation structure to surround a closed chamber at a heat-absorbing end having a cross section with more than three groups of uniformly or symmetrically arranged ribbed curved surfaces of equal or unequal height.
22. The tube according to claim 18, wherein the heat-absorbing end of the housing is an end surface or part of an end surface that is perpendicular to the axis of the heat pipe, and the external shape of the heat-absorbing end corresponds to the shape of a heat source for a snug fit, while the external shape is smooth and flat, or smooth and protruding, or smooth and recessed or corresponds to the external contact surface of the heat source for installation with clamping for a sufficiently tight fit.
23. The tube of claim 18, wherein the heat-absorbing end of the housing comprises surface groups of a closed tubular thin-walled fluid channel located inside a closed chamber, from the fluid inlet to the fluid outlet in the fluid channels pass through a closed chamber between two sides of the closed chamber, between adjacent sides of the closed chamber or through one side of the closed chamber, and a channel for the cooling fluid is formed inside the thin-walled fluid channels.
24. The tube according to item 23, in which the cross section of the thin-walled channel for the fluid is round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated or has another suitable shape, or a combination thereof.
25. The tube according to claim 18, wherein the liquid absorbing element is mounted on the inner surface of the housing in a closed chamber when the heat absorbing end of the housing uses a liquid heat transfer medium, the inner surface being opposite to the heat absorbing surface and entering the closed chamber, wherein the liquid absorbing element is groove, sieve, fiber bundle with spring, sintered metal powder, their combination or other design.
26. The tube according to item 23, in which the heat conductor or heat-absorbing end has a group of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, with additional channels for the fluid with passages for cold, hot, or cold and hot fluids connected to the walls cases, while additional channels for the fluid surround the corrugated ribbed curved surface of the thin-walled channels for the fluid or the corresponding parts of the end cover of the thin-walled channel for the fluid s as a closed tube.
27. The tube according to claim 18, wherein the thermal conductor of the thin-walled fluid channel has a straight shape, a curved ribbed shape, mirrored with respect to the base body, the shape of the inverted letter “U”, or a combination thereof, or a thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form a closed tube passes through a closed chamber from two opposite or adjacent sides of the closed chamber, while the heat-absorbing end, the housing or part of the housing on the opposite side of the corrugated curved surface of the thin-walled channels For the fluid or on the side parallel to the thin-walled fluid channels in the form of a closed tube, it passes through two opposite sides of the closed chamber, the external shape of the heat-absorbing end corresponding to the shape of the heat source, while the external shape is smooth and flat or corresponds to the external contact surface of the source heat for clamping installation for a sufficiently tight fit, and when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid heat transfer medium, on the heat-absorbing bottom of the part facing the closed chamber, a liquid absorbing element is installed.
28. The tube according to claim 18, further comprising a body portion surrounding the closed chamber at the heat-absorbing end having a cross section outside the round shape, and a longitudinal section of a rectangular, cylindrical or other rotation shape suitable for a heat source, a group of thin-walled fluid channels in as a closed tube, a group of closed and corrugated curved surfaces located at the periphery relative to the axis of the heat pipe and located inside the closed chamber, and passing through the closed chamber I am waiting for two opposite sides perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface, while the cross-section of a thin-walled fluid channel in the form of a closed tube has a round, rectangular, polygonal, serrated or other suitable shape, or a combination thereof, a group of closed and corrugated curved surfaces located at the periphery relative to the axis of the heat pipe and having a curved ribbed shape or other surface shape, or a combination thereof, additional channels for the fluid, connecting with thin-walled channels for the fluid and with the walls of the housing perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface of the housing, and additional channels for the fluid have inlet and outlet openings for cold fluid, while when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other liquid-absorbing structure efficiently mounted on the inner surface of the round heat-absorbing end of the housing, and in eshnyaya heat absorbing surface of circular end of the housing is adapted to the absorption by the rotation, the heat of solidification and cooling of the melt or heat conducted to the surface through contact with the absorbed heat is carried away by the heat transfer medium and a dissipated thin-walled channels for a fluid.
29. The tube according to claim 18, wherein the housing with a closed and corrugated curved surface at the heat-absorbing end surrounds the closed chamber and is located along the contour of the rotation structure having a cross section with more than three groups of uniformly or symmetrically located ribbed curved surfaces with equal or unequal height while thin-walled channels in the form of a closed tube or closed and corrugated curved surfaces located on the periphery contain a heat-dissipating end located in a chamber and passing through it between two opposite sides of the housing perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface, and the cross-section of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form of a closed tube has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, or a combination thereof, with additional channels for the fluid media are connected to thin-walled channels for the fluid and to the walls of the housing perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing surface of the housing, with additional channels for I fluid have inlets and outlets for cold fluid, and when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, a liquid absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing liquid structure is mounted on the inner surface of the round heat-absorbing end of the housing, case with a closed and corrugated curved surface located outside the rotation structure, made in the form of a heat-absorbing surface for absorption rotational sensations, heat from the shaft and the heat source inside the shaft, or heat generated by the external hot fluid, the heat absorbed being carried away by the heat transfer medium and ultimately dissipated by thin-walled fluid channels.
30. The tube according to claim 18, wherein the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of a heat-absorbing chamber passing through two opposite sides of the housing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing chamber has an inner round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, or a combination thereof, the heat-dissipating end of the heat pipe being made in the form of thin-walled channels for the fluid, representing a corrugated straight ribbed surface Whether a curved ribbed surface extending parallel or perpendicular to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber, or a thin-walled fluid passage in the form of a closed tube extending through two opposite sides of the housing and extending parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber; moreover, the cross section of the thin-walled fluid channel in the form of a closed tube has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other suitable shape, while when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other effectively absorbing the construction fluid is mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber crosses the vacuum chamber, with an additional groove for the liquid The hole is made on the lower surface of the liquid-absorbing element, while the closed vacuum chamber of the integrated heat pipe is surrounded by end caps perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber and thin-walled channels for the fluid, and an additional channel for the fluid with a cooling water passage surrounds the thin-walled corrugated fluid channel a ribbed curved surface, or the corresponding parts of the end caps of a thin-walled fluid channel in the form of a closed tube, The heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat due to heat conduction during solidification and cooling of the flowing melt, while the absorbed heat is carried away by the heat transfer medium, and ultimately is scattered by thin-walled channels for the fluid.
31. The tube according to claim 18, in which the group of heat-absorbing cavities passes through the opposite two sides of the housing in a closed chamber, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear or other shape, while when the heat conductors have a heat-absorbing structure with good thermal conductivity, large heat capacity and large surface, and connected to a closed chamber from the outside, inside or outside and inside, the heat-absorbing structure is made of bent or twisted membrane ana sheet, tube, tube or filamentary material, or combinations thereof, the heat-absorbing structure being folded, bent or folded from a membrane or sheet in the form of honeycombs, flocculus or canvas, or made of thin-walled tubes inserted in one another or a combination thereof, the layers sufficiently spaced to provide sufficient heat transfer for the heat transfer medium, the openings between the layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat absorbing end, while when the integrated heat pipe is used There is a liquid medium, a liquid-absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other liquid-absorbing structure efficiently mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and due to heat conduction, the heat-absorbing chamber absorbs the heat generated from solidification and cooling of the continuing a melt which is carried away by the heat transfer medium into the heat absorbing structure and dissipated by the heat absorbing structure tion.
32. The tube according to claim 18, wherein the housing or part thereof, made in the form of a heat-absorbing end, is smooth and flat, or corresponding to the heat-absorbing end of another heat pipe, the two heat pipes being connected to a molded plate of high conductivity metal containing a cavity, wherein the molded plate has channels for the hot molten substance and channels for air outlet, and the heat-absorbing ends of the heat pipes and the molded plate of high conductivity metal surround the cavity in the molded a plate for forming a heat-absorbing chamber, wherein when the heat conductors have a heat-absorbing structure with good heat conductivity, large heat capacity and a large surface and are connected to the closed chamber from the outside, inside or outside and inside, the heat-absorbing structure is made of a bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or a combination thereof, wherein the heat-absorbing structure is folded, bent, or folded from a membrane or sheet in the form of a honeycomb, flocculus or web, or one of the thin-walled tubes inserted into one another or a combination thereof, the layers being sufficiently spaced to provide sufficient heat transfer for the heat transfer medium, the openings between the layers facing the heat transfer medium located in the heat-absorbing end, and when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium that absorbs a liquid element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other structure which is effectively absorbing liquid is mounted on the outer surface, where the transverse The cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, while the heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat due to the heat conduction and cooling of the passing melt, which is carried away by the heat transfer medium into the heat-absorbing structure and dissipated by the heat-absorbing structure.
33. The tube according to claim 18, wherein the housing or part thereof, made in the form of a heat-absorbing end, is smooth and flat, or a corresponding metal end plate with high heat conductivity, the heat pipe and the end plate connected to a molded plate of high conductivity metal, containing a cavity, while the molded plate has channels for the hot molten substance and channels for air outlet, the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe, the metal end plate of high metal thermal conductivity and a molded plate of high thermal conductivity metal surround the cavity in the molded plate to form a heat-absorbing chamber, while when the heat conductors have a heat-absorbing structure with good heat conductivity, high heat capacity and a large surface and are connected to the closed chamber from the outside, inside or outside and inside, the heat-absorbing structure made of a bent or twisted membrane, sheet, tube or filamentary material, or a combination thereof, the heat-absorbing structure The section is folded, bent, or folded from a membrane or sheet in the form of bee honeycombs, flocculus, or web, or made of thin-walled tubes inserted one into another or a combination of them, the layers being spaced to provide sufficient heat transfer for the heat transfer medium, with the openings between the layers facing a heat transfer medium located at the heat absorbing end, wherein when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, the liquid absorbing element is in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other The first liquid-efficient structure is mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and the heat-absorbing chamber absorbs heat from the solidification and cooling of the passing melt, which is carried away by the heat transfer medium into the heat-absorbing structure and dissipated by the heat-absorbing structure.
34. The tube according to claim 18, wherein the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of a heat-absorbing chamber passing through two opposite sides of the housing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round inner shape or other suitable shape, and a longitudinal section of heat-absorbing cavities has an external shape of a rectangle, an inverted cone, or another form of rotation suitable for a heat source, the heat-dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of a channel for cold fluid parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber with a longitudinal section having the external shape of a rectangle, an inverted cone, or a shape suitable for interaction with a corrugated surface or a curved ribbed surface located on the surface of revolution or a gear surface located on the surface of rotation in the form an inverted cone, or a corrugated curved surface for a thin-walled channel for a fluid, uniformly or unevenly distributed laid on the surface of rotation in the form of an inverted cone, the corrugated thin-walled fluid channel surrounding the housing to form an additional fluid channel to accelerate the flow of cold fluid, while the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium that absorbs a liquid element in the form grooves or sintered metal powder or other liquid-absorbing structure efficiently mounted on the outer surface, where the cross section is heat-absorbing the chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber, and due to heat conduction, the heat-absorbing chamber absorbs the heat generated by the high-temperature fluid, which is carried away by the heat transfer medium into the thin-walled channel for the fluid and, ultimately, is dissipated by the cold fluid passing outside the corrugated thin-walled channel for fluid medium.
35. The tube according to claim 18, wherein the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is made in the form of a plurality of groups of heat-absorbing chambers passing through two opposite sides of the housing and located in the middle of the heat pipe, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, rectangular, polygonal, gear internal shape or other suitable form, or a combination thereof, the heat-dissipating end of the heat pipe is made in the form of a thin-walled fluid channel parallel to the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber and having its corrugated ribbed curved surface outside the closed chamber, and when the integrated heat pipe uses a liquid medium, a liquid absorbing element in the form of a groove or sintered metal powder or other liquid efficiently absorbing structure is installed on the outer surface, where the cross section of the heat-absorbing chamber intersects with the vacuum chamber moreover, an additional groove for the liquid medium is made on the lower surface of the liquid absorbing element, while a sensing chamber, a corrugated thin-walled fluid channel outside the closed chamber, and end caps of the housing perpendicular to the heat-absorbing chamber surround the closed chamber of the heat pipe, and an additional channel for hot fluid with inlet and outlet for hot or cold fluid surrounds two sides of the end caps of the housing while an additional channel for cold fluid with inlet and outlet for hot or cold fluid surrounds the corrugated thin-walled channel for fluid sn Ruzhi closed chamber, and forms a heat pipe heat exchanger integrated with the heat pipe for heat transfer between two kinds of fluid.
36. The tube according to any one of paragraphs.31-33, used for heat removal in the manufacture of preforms of non-crystalline, microcrystalline and subcrystalline quick-hardening metal.
37. A method of providing a large surface for heat dissipation in a small volume for an integrated heat pipe, comprising the steps of:
a) provide a corrugated thin-walled channel for the fluid or a thin-walled channel for the fluid in the form of a closed tube, or a heat-absorbing structure with good heat conductivity, high heat capacity and a large surface, or any combination of them outside, inside or outside and inside the closed chamber, for greater compactness ,
b) provide a curved surface for a corrugated thin-walled channel for a fluid, or a curved surface for a thin-walled channel for a fluid in the form of a closed tube, or a curved or bent surface for a heat-absorbing structure, or any combination of them outside, inside or outside, and inside a closed chamber for increase heat dissipation surface,
C) provide a group of thin-walled channels for the fluid in the form
a closed tube inside a closed chamber in a rotation structure to increase the heat dissipation surface of the heat pipe, while the heat pipe has a spiral shape.
38. A method of constructing a heat-absorbing end of an integrated heat pipe, comprising the steps of:
a) perform a heat-absorbing end corresponding to the shape of the heat source for a tight fit, smooth and flat, smooth and protruding, smooth and recessed, or according to the external contact surface of the heat source for installation with clamping or sufficiently tight fit when the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is a side surface or a part of a side surface located vertically to the axis of the heat pipe,
b) provide cavities passing through opposite sides located adjacent to the side or through the same side of the housing, when the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe is a group of heat-absorbing cavities that pass through the housing and a closed chamber, while the cross-section of the heat-absorbing cavities has a round, a rectangular, polygonal, jagged shape or other suitable shape,
C) perform the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe in the form of a rotation structure surrounding a closed chamber with an external circular cross section and a longitudinal section in the form of a rectangle, cylinder or other body of revolution, which is suitable for a heat source,
d) perform the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe in the form of a closed corrugated thin-walled curved surface surrounding a closed chamber with a circular cross section or with another section of a suitable shape, while providing more than three groups of uniformly or symmetrically arranged ribbed curved surfaces of the same or different height, which have a curved ribbed shape or other curved surfaces, and combinations thereof, while the longitudinal section is rectangular, cylindrical, or has other th rotation form suitable for the heat source,
e) provide a metal molded plate with high thermal conductivity, having a cavity, a channel for hot molten material and an air outlet for receiving a heat-absorbing chamber of the heat pipe between the surface of the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe and a metal molded plate with high thermal conductivity, and the specified metal molded plate with high thermal conductivity having a cavity, a channel for hot molten substance and a channel for discharging air to obtain heat -absorbent camera integrated heat pipe and a plurality of heat absorbing cavities formed by the heat-absorbing end surfaces of heat pipes positioned between the two heat-absorbing end of heat pipes,
e) provide a heat transfer medium in a closed chamber near the casing or part of the heat pipe casing as a heat-absorbing end near the heat-absorbing surface, while the liquid-absorbing element is located near the heat-absorbing surface in the closed chamber when using a liquid medium.
39. A heat transfer method in an integrated heat pipe, comprising the steps of:
a) provide heat absorption by contacting with a heat source on the surface of the heat-absorbing end of the casing of the heat pipe, while heat is transferred to the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber through the surface of the heat-absorbing end of the casing, and the heat transfer medium absorbs heat or evaporates to quickly dissipate the absorbed heat, moreover, outside, inside or outside and inside the closed chamber, a heat conductor is used as the heat-dissipating end, while the heat-absorbing structure ogloschaet or transfers heat absorbed by the heat transfer medium,
b) provide heat transfer from the heat transfer medium by means of a low-temperature fluid in a thin-walled fluid channel made outside, inside or outside, and inside a closed chamber,
c) provide heat absorption from the heat transfer medium by means of a heat-absorbing structure made outside, inside or outside, and inside a closed chamber,
d) provide a heat transfer medium in the heat-absorbing end of the heat pipe near the heat-absorbing surface in a closed chamber and use the heat transfer medium to transfer heat to the nearest heat-dissipating surface of the heat conductor to reduce thermal resistance, increase thermal conductivity and increase the heat transfer rate.
40. A heat transfer method in a rotating integrated heat pipe using a liquid medium, comprising the steps of:
a) use a circular cross-section of the heat pipe body as a heat-absorbing end to absorb heat by contacting the heat source during high-speed rotation, when the heat pipe rotates at high speed, while heat is transferred to the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber, which is discarded to the inner surface of the wall of the heat-absorbing end by centrifugal force, and the heat-transfer medium absorbs heat and quickly evaporates, while saturated steam filling the filling digging chamber, condenses into liquid from the surface of the thin-walled channel for the fluid in contact with the low-temperature thin-walled channel for the fluid, with the removal of steam, and the thin-walled channel for the fluid transfers the potential heat of evaporation to the cold environment, which is located outside the closed chamber of the thin-walled channel for the fluid medium, and then the cold liquid carries away the heat absorbed by the heat pipe, while the liquid medium condensed on the surface of the thin-walled channel for the fluid would the solid accumulates and is again thrown onto the inner surface of the wall of the heat-absorbing end due to centrifugal force to ensure the start of a new cycle of the heat transfer process, which is repeated in cycles, while providing a large area of heat dissipation and using a phase transition to transfer heat uniformly with the same temperature over the entire area of heat dissipation while the centrifugal force of the rotating heat pipe causes the passage of the liquid medium to the heat-absorbing end and completely reduces the heat interface resistance during heat absorption with a phase transition, for optimal heat transfer,
b) use a circular cross-section of the heat pipe body as a heat-absorbing end to absorb heat by contacting the heat source during low-speed rotation, when the heat pipe rotates at low speed, while heat is transferred to the same heat transfer medium in the same closed chamber, in which a liquid-absorbing element is installed on the inner wall surface of the heat-absorbing end due to the adhesive force of the liquid medium, while the heat-transfer medium absorbs heat and quickly evaporates wherein the saturated vapor filling the closed chamber condenses into liquid from the surface of the thin-walled fluid channel upon contact with the low-temperature thin-walled channel for the fluid to remove steam, while the thin-walled channel for the fluid transfers potential heat of vaporization to the cold fluid outside a closed chamber of a thin-walled channel for a fluid, and the cold liquid then carries away the heat absorbed by the heat pipe, and the liquid medium condensed on the surface of the thin-walled of a fluid channel, quickly accumulates and, under its own weight, is thrown back to the lower position in the closed chamber of the heat pipe, while the liquid medium is absorbed in the liquid-absorbing element of the heat pipe and is brought into contact with the heat source under the influence of capillary forces to start a new process cycle heat transfer, which is repeated in cycles, while providing a large area of heat dissipation and use a phase transition for heat transfer evenly at the same temperature over the entire area asseivaniya heat, the capillary force of the absorbing liquid heat pipe element and adhesive force of the heat pipe causes the liquid medium passage of the liquid medium to the heat absorption end, for optimal heat transfer.
41. An integrated heat pipe containing a closed chamber (1-2) and a housing (1-1), having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium (1-3), containing a heat conductor (1-4) installed outside the closed vacuum chamber (1 -2), wherein the heat conductor (1-4) is a corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel (1-4a) for a fluid, with twelve short ribs and twelve long ribs located radially to the axis of the heat pipe, while inside each corrugated long rib and short rib formed inside the lower cavity of the heat conductor (1-4), which is connected to the closed vacuum chamber (1-2) as a continuation of the closed vacuum chamber (1-2), and a channel (1-4a) is formed outside of each corrugated long rib or short rib the medium of the heat conductor (1-4), which is in contact with the cold liquid and forms the surface of heat dissipation of the heat conductor, while the group of heat conductors uses the same closed vacuum chamber (1-2) and the same heat transfer medium (1-3) in it (1- 2), while the housing (1-1) of the integrated heat pipe formed by the wall of the closed vacuum chamber (1-2) and the wall of the corrugated thin-walled channel (1-4a) for the fluid, and to ensure normal thermal conductivity in an inclined position in the closed vacuum chamber (1-2), a liquid absorbing element (1-5) is installed when, during heat absorption with a phase transition, a liquid heat transfer medium is used.
42. The tube according to paragraph 41, used to emit such a solid heat source in which thermal conductivity is the main form of radiation, for example, a central processor, a video card, an electrical and electronic component of high power.
43. An integrated heat pipe containing a closed chamber (2-2) and a housing (2-1), having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium (2-3), containing heat conductors (2-4) installed outside the closed vacuum chamber (2 -2), while the heat conductors (2-4) are corrugated parallel straight straight ribbed thin-walled channels (2-4a) for the fluid, and thirteen groups of ribbed thin-walled channels for the fluid are parallel with the same distance from one side of the body to the opposite side on the heat-absorbing end of the body, while inside each corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel (2-4a) for the fluid, an internal cavity of the heat conductor (2-4) is formed, which connects the closed vacuum chamber (2-2) and is also a continuation of the closed vacuum chamber (2 -2), and outside of each group of corrugated ribbed thin-walled channels (2-4a) for a fluid, a channel for a heat conductor fluid (2-4a) is formed, which is in contact with a cold liquid and is also a heat dissipation surface of heat odnnika (2-4), while each group of heat conductors uses the same closed vacuum chamber (2-2) and the same heat transfer medium (2-3) in it, while the housing (2-1) of the integrated heat pipe is formed by a closed wall a vacuum chamber (2-2) and a wall of a corrugated thin-walled channel (2-4a) for a fluid; moreover, to ensure normal thermal conductivity in an inclined position in a closed vacuum chamber (2-2), a liquid-absorbing element (2-5) is installed when phase transition heat absorption liquid heat transfer fluid is used Wednesday.
44. The tube according to item 43, used to emit such a solid heat source in which thermal conductivity is the main form of radiation, for example, a central processor, a video card, an electrical and electronic component of high power.
45. An integrated heat pipe containing a closed chamber (3-2) and a housing (3-1), having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium (3-3), containing eleven groups of heat conductors (3-4) installed inside a closed vacuum chamber (3-2), surrounded by a rectangular casing, left and right end plates (3-6) of the casing, while the heat conductor (3-4) is a thin-walled fluid channel (3-4a) formed by a thin-walled pipe of rectangular cross section and passing through two sides of the end face (3-6) of the housing, the outer wall of each thin-walled pipe of rectangular cross section formed by the inner cavity of the heat conductor (3-4), which is connected to a closed vacuum chamber (3-2) and also located in it, while the inner wall of each thin-walled pipe a rectangular cross-section is formed by the channel (3-4a) for the fluid of the heat conductor (3-4), which is in contact with a cold liquid and is also a heat dissipation surface of the heat conductor (3-4), each group of heat conductors uses t the closed vacuum chamber (3-2) and the heat transfer medium (3-3) in it (3-2), and to ensure normal thermal conductivity in an inclined position, the liquid-absorbing element (3-5) is installed in the closed vacuum chamber (3-2) ), when using heat absorption with a phase transition, a liquid heat transfer medium is used.
46. The tube according to item 45, used to emit such a solid heat source in which thermal conductivity is the main form of radiation, for example, a central processor, a video card, an electrical and electronic component of high power.
47. An integrated heat pipe containing a closed chamber (4-2) and a housing (4-1), having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium (4-3), containing nine groups of columnar heat conductors installed outside the closed vacuum chamber (4-2 ), while the case of the lower heat-absorbing end (4-1) is a structure of a thin-walled and hollow rectangular plate, the upper thin-walled hollow rectangular plate opposite the case of the lower heat-absorbing end (4-1) and is a mirror image m of the lower part to ensure connection with each other and with a closed vacuum chamber (4-2) of the internal cavities of the channel (4-4) for the fluid of nine groups of columnar thin-walled pipes, the inner surface of each heat conductor (4-4) in the form of a thin-walled tube forms the inner cavity of the heat conductor (4-4), which is connected to a closed vacuum chamber (4-2) and is its continuation (4-2), and the outer surface of each heat conductor (4-4) in the form of a thin-walled tube forms a channel for the heat conductor liquid (4-4a) which it interacts with a cold liquid and is the surface of heat dissipation of the heat conductor (4-4), and to increase the heat dissipation surface of the heat conductor (4-4) in the form of a thin-walled tube, twelve groups of radiators (4-11) are installed in the thin-walled hollow rectangular plate that pass through closely correspond to it and parallel to it, while each group of heat conductors uses the same closed vacuum chamber (4-2) and the same heat transfer medium (4-3) in it (4-2), and to ensure normal thermal conductivity in the slope SG closed position in a vacuum chamber (4-2) is mounted liquid absorbing member (4-5) when the heat absorption when the phase change heat transfer medium is used liquid.
48. The tube according to clause 47, used to emit such a solid heat source in which thermal conductivity is the main form of radiation, for example, a central processor, a video card, an electrical and electronic component of high power.
49. An integrated heat pipe containing a closed chamber (5-2) and a housing (5-1), having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium (5-3), containing heat conductors (5-4) installed in a closed vacuum chamber (5 -2), surrounded by a columnar or other shape case (5-1) and end plates (5-6) of the case, while heat-absorbing cavities (5-1a) are located in the case (5-1), pass through it and are made in the form heat-absorbing end, closely corresponding to the graphite insert (5-12), and the Central hole of the graphite insert vki (5-12) is a channel for molten metal with an inlet (5-15) for molten metal and an outlet (5-16) for a cast ingot, while the channel (5-13) for lubricating oil is located between the heat-absorbing chamber (5 -1a) and a graphite insert (5-12), moreover, the heat conductors (5-4) are made in the form of a thin-walled channel (5-4a) for a fluid medium formed by 80 groups of a thin-walled circular tube and passing through the end plates (5-2) located on opposite sides of the housing, with the outer wall of each thin-walled tr A circular cross-section bar forms an internal cavity of the heat conductor (5-4), which is connected to and located in a closed vacuum chamber (5-2), and the inner wall of each thin-walled circular tube forms a channel (5-4a) for the heat-conducting fluid (5 -4), which is in contact with a cold liquid and is the heat dissipation surface of the heat conductor (5-4), with each group of heat conductors (5-4) using the same closed vacuum chamber (5-2) and the same heat transfer medium (5-3 ) in it, and to ensure normal heat conduction the bottom of the closed vacuum chamber (5-1a) as the heat-absorbing end, a liquid-absorbing element (5-5) is installed on the inner wall of the heat-absorbing chamber (5-1a) in the closed vacuum chamber (5-2), when it is used for heat absorption with a phase transition liquid heat transfer medium.
50. The tube according to § 49, used for the mold during continuous casting of ingots and a device for the production of wire from quick-hardening metal in metallurgy.
51. An integrated heat pipe containing a closed chamber (6-2) and a housing (6-1), having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium (6-3), containing a heat-absorbing end of the housing located vertically to the axis of the heat pipe and which is the surface of the heat pipe a tube located outside the closed vacuum chamber (6-2), while the heat conductors (6-4) are located inside the closed vacuum chamber (6-2), surrounded by a housing (6-1) of an integrated heat pipe of a heat-absorbing type, the heat conductor (6- 4) represents a heat-absorbing structure (6-4b) made of metal with a high coefficient of thermal conductivity, large heat capacity, large area, and easily absorbing and storing heat so that the heat-absorbing structure (6-4b) is a heat-absorbing end of latent heat and is located in an integrated heat pipe, the heat-absorbing structure (6-4b) is made of copper foil with a large surface area, twisted and curved, and the distance between the layers is sufficient to ensure optimal thermal conductivity t of the transfer medium, the opening between the layers facing the heat-absorbing end, and the heat-absorbing structure (6-4b) is enclosed in a closed chamber (6-2) by the housing (6-1) and the heat-absorbing end (6-1a) of the housing, rarefaction and filled with heat transfer medium (6-3) to form an integrated heat pipe of heat-absorbing type.
52. The tube according to paragraph 51, used for the mold for the continuous casting of ingots and a device for the production of wire from quick-hardening metal in metallurgy.
53. An integrated heat pipe containing a closed chamber (7-2) and a housing (7-1), having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium (7-3), having a circular cross section and a rectangular longitudinal section, while the heat-absorbing end of the housing ( 7-1) is located outside the closed chamber (7-2), and the heat conductors (7-4) are located inside the closed vacuum chamber (7-2), surrounded by a column-shaped housing (7-1) and end plates, while the heat conductors (7- 4) made in the form of a thin-walled channel (7-4a) for a fluid medium, images 110 groups of a thin-walled tube of circular cross section and passing through end plates (7-6) located on opposite sides of the housing, the outer wall of each thin-walled tube of circular cross section forming an internal cavity of the heat conductor (7-4), which is connected to a closed vacuum chamber (7 -2) and is located in it, and the inner wall of each thin-walled tube of circular cross section forms a channel (7-4a) for the heat conductor fluid (7-4), which is in contact with a cold liquid and is a heat dissipation surface heat conductor (7-4), and each group of heat conductors (7-4) uses the same closed vacuum chamber (7-2) and the same heat transfer medium (7-3) in it, and to ensure normal thermal conductivity during slow rotation of the rolls a liquid-absorbing element (7-5) is installed on the outer wall of the closed vacuum chamber (7-2) and on the inner wall of the housing (7-1), when a liquid heat-transfer medium is used for heat absorption with a phase transition.
54. The tube according to item 53, used to remove heat from the rolls of rolling thin strips of quick-hardening metal, rolls for continuous casting and rolling in metallurgy, the rotor of the engine, the rotor of the turbine, and to remove heat from other rotating sources of heat and traction.
55. An integrated heat pipe containing a closed chamber (8-2) and a housing (8-1), having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium (8-3), having a circular cross section and a rectangular longitudinal section, while the heat-absorbing end of the housing ( 8-1) is located outside the closed chamber (8-2), while the heat conductors (8-4) are located inside the closed vacuum chamber (8-2), surrounded by a column-shaped housing (8-1) and its end plates (8-6) moreover, the heat conductors (8-4) are made in the form of a thin-walled channel (8-4a) for a fluid medium, a group of sections of the serrated internal shape of a thin-walled tube (12 teeth per group) and passing through two sides of the casing, the inner wall of each portion of the serrated internal shape of a thin-walled tube forming an internal cavity of the heat conductor (8-4), which is connected to a closed vacuum chamber ( 8-2) and is located in it, and the outer wall of each section of the serrated internal shape of the thin-walled tube forms a channel (8-4a) for the heat conductor fluid (8-4), which is in contact with the cold liquid and is heat dissipation surface of the heat conductor (8-4), and each group of heat conductors (8-4) uses the same closed vacuum chamber (8-2) and the same heat transfer medium (8-3) in it, and to ensure normal thermal conductivity at slow rotation of the rolls, a liquid-absorbing element (8-5) is installed on the outer wall of the closed vacuum chamber (8-2) and on the inner wall of the housing (8-1), when a liquid heat transfer medium is used for heat absorption with a phase transition.
56. The tube according to item 55, used to remove heat from the rolls of rolling thin strips of quick-hardening metal, rolls for continuous casting and rolling in metallurgy, engine rotor, turbine rotor, and to remove heat from other rotating heat and traction sources.
57. An integrated heat pipe containing a closed chamber (9-2) and a housing (9-1), having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium (9-3), having a circular cross section and a longitudinal section in the form of an inverted trapezoid, while closed the vacuum chamber (9-1a) is located on the heat-absorbing end of the housing (9-1) and passes through it, the heat conductors being located outside the closed vacuum chamber (9-2), while the heat conductors (9-4) are made in the form of a corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel (9-4a) for fluid, etc. than twelve long ribs are located radially from the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber, while inside each corrugated long rib an internal cavity of the heat conductor (9-4) is formed, which is connected to a closed vacuum chamber (9-2) and is its continuation, and outside of each corrugated long rib a channel (9-4a) for the fluid of the heat conductor (9-4) is formed, which is in contact with a cold liquid and is the surface of heat dissipation of the heat conductor, with each group of heat conductors using the same closure vacuum chamber (9-2) and the same heat transfer medium (9-3) in it, and the housing (9-1) is formed by the wall of the closed vacuum chamber (9-2) and the wall of the corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel (9-4a) for fluid, and the core (9-5) of the heat pipe is located on the opposite wall of the heat-absorbing chamber (9-1a) in a closed vacuum chamber (9-2) when a liquid heat-transfer medium is used for heat absorption with a phase transition.
58. The tube according to clause 57, used to remove heat from a plasma welding-cutting device, nozzles for a plasma coating, nozzles of an electron beam gun for welding, nozzles of a welding gun of high power.
59. An integrated heat pipe containing a closed chamber (10-2) and a housing (10-1), having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium (10-3), containing a thin-walled tube passing through two opposite end caps of the housing and intersecting the axis of the heat tubes (10-1), and twelve groups of heart-shaped heat-absorbing cavities (10-1a) located uniformly radially along the tube at the heat-absorbing end of the housing, while the heat conductors (10-4) are located outside the closed vacuum chamber (10-2), and the heat conductors (10-4) in filled in the form of a corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel (10-4a) for a fluid, with forty-eight long ribs located radially from the axis of the heat-absorbing chamber, and inside each corrugated long rib an internal cavity of the heat conductor (10-4) is formed, which is connected to a closed vacuum chamber (10-2) and is its continuation, and on the outside of each corrugated long rib there is a channel (10-4a) for the heat conductor fluid (10-4), which is in contact with cold liquid and is the surface of heat of the heat conductor (10-4), while each group of heat conductors uses the same closed vacuum chamber (10-2) and the same heat transfer medium (10-3) in it, while the heat-absorbing chamber (10-1a), a thin-walled channel (10-4a) for the fluid and the opposite two end caps of the housing (10-1) surround the closed chamber (10-2) and form the housing of the integrated heat pipe, and the core (10-5) of the heat pipe is located on the opposite wall of the heat-absorbing chamber ( 10-1a) in a closed vacuum chamber (10-2), when with heat absorption with The gas transition uses a liquid heat transfer medium, with a closed vacuum chamber (10-1a), a thin-walled channel (10-4a) for the fluid, and the opposite two end caps of the housing (10-1) form the housing of the integrated heat pipe, with an additional channel for hot a fluid with a passage for hot fluid is surrounded by the walls of the housing (10-1) and fully accommodates a closed vacuum chamber (10-1a), and an additional channel (10-11) for a cold fluid with a passage (10-9) for a cold fluid surrounds the walls of the ribbed a thin-walled channel (10-4a) for a fluid, the heat pipe being integrated into the heat exchanger.
60. An integrated heat pipe containing a closed chamber (11-2) and a housing (11-1), having a vacuum inside and filled with a heat transfer medium (11-3), having an outer round surface of the housing as a heat-absorbing end, and three groups of thin-walled ribbed heat-absorbing curved surfaces located on it, while the heat-absorbing end is located outside the closed vacuum chamber (11-2), the heat conductors (11-4) are located outside the closed vacuum chamber (11-2), pass through the opposite two end caps casing (11-1) and made in the form of a corrugated ribbed thin-walled channel (11-4a) for a fluid, with sixteen long ribs located radially from the axis of the heat pipe, with an internal cavity of the heat conductor formed inside each long corrugated rib (11-4) , which is connected to a closed vacuum chamber (11-2) so that it is a continuation, and on the outside of each corrugated long rib there is a channel (11-4a) for a heat conductor fluid (11-4), which is in contact with a cold liquid and is heat dissipation of the heat conductor (11-4), and each group of heat conductors uses the same closed vacuum chamber (11-2) and the same heat transfer medium (11-3) in it, and the heat-absorbing chamber (11-1a) of the round case, thin-walled the fluid channel (11-4a) and the opposite two end caps of the housing (11-1) surround the chamber (11-2) and form a rotor with an integrated heat pipe, while the core (11-5) of the heat pipe is located on the opposite wall of the heat-absorbing chamber (11-1a) of the case and has three groups of ribbed tone the remaining heat-absorbing curved surfaces (11-6a) in a closed vacuum chamber (11-2), when using heat absorption with a phase transition, a liquid heat transfer medium is used, and the heat-absorbing chamber (11-1a), a thin-walled channel (11-4a) of the fluid and the opposite two end caps of the casing (11-1) form the casing of the integrated heat pipe, while the rotor shaft and the additional channel (11-8) for the hot fluid with a passage (11-9) for the hot fluid are surrounded by the walls of the casing (11-1) and fully accommodate the thin-walled cana (11-4a) for the fluid, wherein the heat pipe is integrated into the rotor.
61. The tube according to claim 60, wherein the thin-walled fluid channel is made in the form of a surface with equally spaced ribs or curved ribs.
62. The tube according to claim 60, in which several ribs are installed among adjacent groups of corrugated ribbed thin-walled fluid channels, and the ribs are in close contact with them to increase the heat dissipation area of the heat pipe.
63. The pipe of claim 60, used to remove heat from the rotors of a generator, electric motor, or similar equipment.
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EP1475595A1 (en) 2004-11-10
AU2009202386A1 (en) 2009-07-09

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