RU2239460C1 - Aerosol making and air humidifying device - Google Patents

Aerosol making and air humidifying device Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2239460C1
RU2239460C1 RU2003115015/14A RU2003115015A RU2239460C1 RU 2239460 C1 RU2239460 C1 RU 2239460C1 RU 2003115015/14 A RU2003115015/14 A RU 2003115015/14A RU 2003115015 A RU2003115015 A RU 2003115015A RU 2239460 C1 RU2239460 C1 RU 2239460C1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
liquid
aerosol
tank
air
housing
Prior art date
Application number
RU2003115015/14A
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Russian (ru)
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RU2003115015A (en
Inventor
А.И. Кузьмин (RU)
А.И. Кузьмин
Original Assignee
Кузьмин Анатолий Иванович
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Кузьмин Анатолий Иванович filed Critical Кузьмин Анатолий Иванович
Priority to RU2003115015/14A priority Critical patent/RU2239460C1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU2239460C1 publication Critical patent/RU2239460C1/en
Publication of RU2003115015A publication Critical patent/RU2003115015A/en

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Abstract

FIELD: medicine.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device contains liquid vessel in form of bowl and reservoir for liquid to be atomized with ultrasonic radiator placed in communication with each other, aerosol chamber and housing in form of vase with fitted-in blower in form of fan to force out aerosol from aerosol chamber to consumer. Vessel for liquid is made detachable and is provided with cover fitted lower than its edges so that part of said vessel under cover serves as aerosol chamber, and reservoir for liquid to be atomized is arranged on outer side of cover.
EFFECT: simplified design, increased service life at continuous operation with high atomizing capacity and large space of distribution of aerosol.
12 cl, 1 dwg

Description

The invention relates to techniques for producing aerosols and can be used in medicine, namely in therapy, allergology, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, neurology, traumatology, occupational pathology, phthisiology and other industries, as well as in agriculture as a portable type device for continuous long obtaining aerosols from liquid agents, in particular, from mineral, silver water and liquid medicines for the prevention and treatment of various diseases, as well as for humidification of the air , creating a healthy microclimate for offices, domestic and industrial premises, sanitary treatment of premises, equipment, inventory for the implementation of mobile disinfection and deodorization technologies. The most effective collective, individual application of the inventive device for the prevention of diseases during epidemics of infectious diseases, including in schools, kindergartens, gyms, theaters, cinemas, large offices, libraries, train stations, at home.
A device for producing aerosols and humidifying the air is known, comprising a housing with upper and lower parts with nozzles for supplying air, liquid, a nozzle for sparging air through a liquid located below the level of the sprayed liquid, a liquid level regulator, a dispersion regulator of the outlet drops, and also located in the case of an ultrasonic liquid atomizer (see USSR author's certificate No. 713596, MKI V 05 V 17/06, publ. 1980).
A device for producing an aerosol is known, comprising a body, a cuvette for sprayed liquid, installed in a container having an ultrasonic atomizer and matching liquid to maintain the cuvette at a predetermined level, and an aerosol chamber with openings for incoming air displacing the aerosol from the aerosol chamber to the consumer, a device for magnetodynamic activation of an aerosol installed in an aerosol chamber (see RF patent No. 2070062, MKI A 61 M 15/02, publ. 1996).
Known devices provide for the production of aerosol mainly for individual prophylactic or therapeutic use for a short period of time (15-30 minutes). Such devices cannot provide continuous aerosol production and air humidification for 8-10 hours with a long aerosol distribution range. In addition, these devices have a complex structure, which limits their scope, complicates operation and repair.
A device for producing an aerosol and humidifying an air is known, comprising a housing, a reservoir for spraying liquid with an ultrasonic emitter, mounted in a cavity of an annular basin with an air gap forming an air duct in communication with the aerosol chamber and a supercharger for displacing the aerosol from the aerosol chamber to the consumer, said reservoir and the pool are connected through the discharge and discharge pipes with the possibility of maintaining a given level of liquid in the tank, in the pool n a submersible pump for supplying liquid to the tank, the aerosol chamber is formed above the cavity of the annular basin so that its walls are integral with the inner wall of the annular basin, the annular basin is integral with the housing or in the form of a housing cover with a recess forming the cavity of the pool, as a blower for displacing the aerosol to the consumer, a fan is installed, installed in the housing in the cavity of the annular pool (see utility model certificate No. 7877, IPC A 61 M 11/00, publ. 1998 - prototype).
The disadvantage of the device in the complexity of the design of the pool for the liquid, which is made open when working for a long time. The possibility of water and aerosol pollution during operation, clogging of the discharge and discharge pipelines reduces the reliability and efficiency of the device, complicates its operation, maintenance and repair.
The objective of the invention is to simplify the device, increase its operational reliability and durability during continuous long-term operation with high spraying performance and long range aerosol without increasing energy consumption, ensuring ease of assembly, ease of transfer, maintenance and repair, creating a portable design with optimal weight and dimensions, reducing device cost.
The specified technical result is achieved by the fact that in the device for producing an aerosol and humidifying the air, containing interconnected liquid tank and a smaller tank for sprayed liquid with an ultrasonic emitter, an aerosol chamber and a housing with a supercharger and an air duct for displacing the aerosol from the aerosol chamber to the consumer, the liquid container is removable and provided with a cap located below its edges so that part of the specified container above the cap is an aerosol chamber oh, while the reservoir for the sprayed liquid is located on the outside of the lid.
It is advisable to install a liquid container in a housing with an air gap as an air duct.
It is advisable to install the liquid tank in the housing on a removable stand.
It is advisable to perform the stand in the form of a disk.
Preferably, the supercharger is located in the lower part of the housing.
Preferably, a fan is used as a supercharger to displace the aerosol from the aerosol chamber to the consumer.
It is advisable to make a stand with holes with the possibility of passage of air through them from the supercharger into the air duct to displace the aerosol from the aerosol chamber to the consumer.
Preferably, the lid is provided with through holes for draining liquid from the aerosol chamber.
Preferably, the liquid container is in the shape of a bowl.
It is advisable to install a submersible pump in the liquid tank for supplying the sprayed liquid to the tank, while the indicated tank and the tank are communicating vessels and are configured to maintain a constant level of sprayed liquid relative to the ultrasonic emitter.
It is advisable to introduce a spray limiter, made in the form of a canopy above the reservoir for sprayed liquid.
Preferably, the lid and the reservoir for the sprayed liquid are integral with one another.
The analysis of the prior art, including a search by patent and scientific and technical sources of information and identification of sources containing information about analogues of the claimed invention, allows us to establish that the applicants have not found technical solutions characterized by features identical to all the essential features of the claimed invention. The definition from the list of identified analogues of the prototype made it possible to identify a set of essential (with respect to the technical result perceived by the applicant) distinctive features in the claimed object set forth in the claims. Therefore, the claimed invention meets the requirement of "novelty" under applicable law. Information about the fame of the distinguishing features in the totality of the features of the known technical solutions with the achievement of the same as the claimed device has no positive effect. Based on this, it was concluded that the proposed technical solution meets the criterion of "inventive step".
The drawing shows the proposed device for aerosol and humidification in the context.
A device for receiving an aerosol and humidifying the air contains interconnected liquid container 1 in the shape of a bowl and a reservoir 2 (smaller than the container 1) for sprayed liquid with an ultrasonic emitter 3 made of piezoceramics, an aerosol chamber 4 and a housing 5 with the lower part of the supercharger 6, made in the form of a fan for displacing the aerosol from the aerosol chamber 4 to the consumer.
The housing 5 can be made in the form of a ceramic or porcelain vase expanding upward with the lower part highlighted in the stand and a narrow part in the form of interception for the convenience of transferring the device to the place of use.
The liquid tank 1 is removable and provided with a lid 7 located below its edges so that a part of the indicated container 1 located above the lid 7 is an aerosol chamber 4, while the reservoir 2 for the sprayed liquid is located on the outside of the lid 7 and is made with her in one piece. The liquid tank 1 is also made of ceramic or porcelain and is installed in the housing 5 on a removable stand 8 with the formation of an air gap between their walls, which is an air duct 9 (ring shape) for supplying air from the supercharger 6. The stand 8 is made in the form of a disk with holes 10 , providing the possibility of air passage from the supercharger 6 into the air duct 9 for displacing the aerosol from the aerosol chamber 4 to the consumer, and is located above the narrowest part of the housing 5, relying on its walls. The housing 5 and the container 1 are made with the expansion upward, while the air duct 9 is located obliquely relative to the axis of the device, contributing to a further spread of the aerosol. A submersible pump 11 is installed in the liquid tank 1 for supplying the sprayed liquid to the tank 2, while the indicated tank 1 and the tank 2 are interconnected vessels and are configured to maintain a constant level of the sprayed liquid relative to the ultrasonic emitter 3.
The cover 7 has through holes 12 for draining the liquid from the aerosol chamber 4. In the aerosol chamber 4 there is a limiter 13 for the liquid spray, made in the form of a removable dome-shaped canopy over the reservoir 2 for the sprayed liquid. The specified limiter 13 spray simultaneously provides the aerosol in the direction of the air duct 9 for its displacement from the aerosol chamber to the consumer.
The liquid tank 1 and the tank 2 for the sprayed liquid are connected through the discharge pipe 14 with the possibility of maintaining a constant liquid level in the specified tank 2.
The ultrasonic emitter 3 is designed to generate air bubbles for atomizing the liquid and can be performed, for example, in the form of a piezoceramic emitter of elastic vibrations in a liquid, excited by a high-frequency oscillator (not shown), built into the power supply unit 15. The power supply 15 may be additionally equipped with a timer for turning on / off the device at predetermined intervals.
As a blower 6 for displacing the aerosol to the consumer, a fan can be used, for example, of the type VVF-112M. The fan is installed in the lower part of the housing 5.
In the container 1, there is installed a means of supplying liquid to the tank 2, made in the form of a submersible pump 11 (in particular, a FAT-3 type micropump), connected by one pipe to the discharge pipe 14. The submersible pump 11 also performs the function of cleaning the mechanical impurities of the liquid entering from tank 1 to tank 2 due to the presence of a filter in it. The ultrasonic emitter 3, the supercharger 6 and the submersible pump 11 are connected to a power supply unit 15, configured to connect to an alternating current network with a voltage of 220 V through an adapter or a direct current source with a voltage of 12 V, including a vehicle electrical system or a solar battery .
The liquid level in the tank 1 for operation of the device must be higher than the submersible pump. When reducing the amount of liquid below the permissible level at which the operability of the submersible pump 11 is ensured, the device turns off. For further work, add fluid.
The device may be further provided with an electric aerosol formation means and a control unit (not shown). Known devices can be used as a means of generating an electroaerosol, in particular, a device manufactured by the industry - the Ryazan-101 air ionizer, the high-voltage electrode of which is installed at the exit of the aerosol chamber 4 (in the absence of a limiter 13 of liquid sprays). The housing 5 is made of a dielectric material, such as porcelain or ceramic. The control unit provides a number of service operating modes - pre-setting the duration of the procedure with a digital timer, monitoring the duration of the procedure using a digital indicator, monitoring the liquid level in the tank for sprayed liquid, terminating the procedure after a set time with the sound signal, etc.
To sterilize the air coming from the fan to displace the aerosol to the consumer, an air purification filter (not shown) can be additionally installed in the lower part of the housing 5.
The operation of the device is as follows. Capacity 1 is filled with healing fluids. As aqueous solutions, you can use, for example, sea water, mineral waters such as Borjomi, Essentuki, Matsesta or silver water, salt solutions, coniferous extracts, decoctions of herbs, solutions of medicines, liquids with the addition of fir, eucalyptus or other oils. Initially, the volume of liquid to be sprayed may be between 2 and 5 liters. They include a submersible pump 11 installed in it, which fills the reservoir 2 with a sprayed liquid (15-150 ml) through the discharge pipe 14. Electric vibrations of the ultrasonic frequency (2.64 MHz) are supplied via an electric cable to the ultrasonic emitter 3. The drug is sprayed in a focused beam of powerful ultrasound due to the formation of a large number of air bubbles moving at high speed generated by elastic vibrations of the ultrasonic emitter 3 The high frequency of oscillations makes it possible to obtain aerosols of water-soluble and oil preparations with a small particle diameter of 0.5 to 5 microns in the form of fog.
Through the holes 12 in the cover 7, the excess liquid from the aerosol chamber 4 is discharged into a container 1 for re-injection. This ensures the automatic maintenance of a constant liquid level above the ultrasonic emitter 3.
The supercharger 6 provides air supply through the air duct 9 to the aerosol chamber 4, from which the aerosol is discharged to the consumer. In this case, the air flow (shown by arrows) passes through the openings 10 in the stand 8 and the gap between the housing 5 and the container 1 carries away the smallest drops of aerosol, taking it from the aerosol chamber 6 to the consumer at a distance of up to 15 m from the location of the device. When working 8-10 hours a day, the initially poured liquid into the tank 1 can ensure the operation of the device for 10-20 days. Then the liquid is added to the tank 1 or completely replaced.
For the prevention of diseases during epidemics, daily aerosol inhalation sessions of 10-15 minutes are sufficient. The course of treatment consists of 10-15 daily sessions of 30-45 minutes. For children, the procedure time is not more than 15 minutes. Essential oils are used - peppermint, lavender, fir, sage, anise, fennel and others. A wide range of therapeutic effects, increased overall performance, a pronounced preventive effect during periods of massive airborne infections, a decrease in the number of medications used, the absence of contraindications and side effects are the advantages known methods of prevention and treatment using ultrasonic aerosol devices.
The device is silent in operation and convenient to use. The aerosol system of the device is easily disassembled and disinfected.
The proposed device for aerosol production and air humidification is applicable in therapy, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, traumatology for individual, group or mass aerosol therapy, aerophytotherapy as in a medical institution, in clinics, in production and office rooms, sanatoriums, child care and school facilities, and at home for aerosol therapy using medicinal mixtures for the treatment and prevention of diseases of the respiratory system (pneumonia, bronchitis, l aringitis, tracheitis, alveolitis, asthma, acute respiratory infections, etc.), reduce mental and physical stress, prevent the development of diseases of the nervous and cardiovascular systems, treat open wounds, burns, skin and hair diseases, eye diseases, for the rehabilitation of often sick preschool children and school age, treatment of skin using a sauna, in the treatment of patients with neurological diseases who have been exposed to low doses of ionizing radiation, creating a microclimate, such as pine forest, the use of aroma therapy for improving the air environment by spraying volatile medicinal plants and emulsions of essential oils, moisturizing rooms with dry air, to prevent diseases caused by inhalation of dusty or polluted industrial emissions. The large productivity of the device and the possibility of continuous long-term operation make it possible to use it for humidification and purification of air in production rooms, herbal medicine rooms, in hospital rooms, in enterprises whose production is associated with harmful conditions: dust, gas contamination, high temperatures. The positive effect of aerosol procedures to normalize pressure, improve the environmental situation, eliminate immunological disorders, block allergic reactions is widely known, which allows them to be used in the treatment of bronchial asthma in hospitals, clinics, sanatoriums, at home, including in young children. The use of the device in an aero-cabinet at a factory with harmful conditions helps to improve health and increase labor productivity.
The proposed device has a reliable simple design, affordable cost, convenient to use due to the ease of maintenance, assembly, disassembly, repair, and can be manufactured using non-deficient standard elements and assemblies.
The device allows to obtain a homogeneous finely dispersed aerosol of liquid preparations in large spaces for a long time interval of 8-10 hours per day. Simplicity of manufacture and operation, high intensity of aerosol supply with a significantly greater range of its distribution and duration of continuous operation are its main advantages.

Claims (12)

1. A device for producing an aerosol and humidification of air, containing interconnected liquid tank and a reservoir for sprayed liquid with an ultrasonic emitter, an aerosol chamber and a housing with a supercharger and an air duct for displacing the aerosol from the aerosol chamber to the consumer, characterized in that the liquid tank is made removable and provided with a lid located below its edges so that part of the indicated container above the lid is an aerosol chamber, while the tank is located on the outside ONET cover.
2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the liquid tank is installed in the housing with an air gap as an air duct.
3. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the liquid tank is installed in the housing on a removable stand.
4. The device according to claim 3, characterized in that the stand is made in the form of a disk.
5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the supercharger is located in the lower part of the housing.
6. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that a fan is used as a supercharger to displace the aerosol from the aerosol chamber to the consumer.
7. The device according to claim 6, characterized in that the stand is made with holes with the possibility of air passing through them from the supercharger into the air duct to displace the aerosol from the aerosol chamber to the consumer.
8. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the cover has through holes for draining the liquid from the aerosol chamber.
9. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the liquid container is a bowl.
10. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that a submersible pump is installed in the liquid tank for supplying the sprayed liquid to the tank, wherein said tank and the tank are communicating vessels and are configured to maintain a constant level of sprayed liquid relative to the ultrasonic atomizer.
11. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the introduced limiter spray liquid, made in the form of a canopy over the reservoir for sprayed liquid.
12. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the lid and the reservoir for the sprayed liquid are made in one piece.
RU2003115015/14A 2003-05-22 2003-05-22 Aerosol making and air humidifying device RU2239460C1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2003115015/14A RU2239460C1 (en) 2003-05-22 2003-05-22 Aerosol making and air humidifying device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2003115015/14A RU2239460C1 (en) 2003-05-22 2003-05-22 Aerosol making and air humidifying device

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RU2239460C1 true RU2239460C1 (en) 2004-11-10
RU2003115015A RU2003115015A (en) 2004-11-20

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2444190C1 (en) * 2010-07-15 2012-03-10 Григорий Николаевич Щербаков Method and device of acoustic effect at intruder
MD514Z (en) * 2011-09-13 2012-12-31 Александру ГУЛПА Device for air saturation of medicinal substances
RU167914U1 (en) * 2016-06-16 2017-01-12 Александр Сергеевич Гульпа Aerofitotherapy device
MD1069Z (en) * 2016-04-28 2017-04-30 Александру ГУЛПА Device for aerophytotherapy
RU2648333C2 (en) * 2013-06-12 2018-03-23 Массачусетс Инститьют Оф Текнолоджи Multi-stage bubble column humidifier
US10143935B2 (en) 2015-05-21 2018-12-04 Gradiant Corporation Systems including an apparatus comprising both a humidification region and a dehumidification region
US10143936B2 (en) 2015-05-21 2018-12-04 Gradiant Corporation Systems including an apparatus comprising both a humidification region and a dehumidification region with heat recovery and/or intermediate injection
US10286335B2 (en) 2013-09-12 2019-05-14 Gradiant Corporation Systems including a condensing apparatus such as a bubble column condenser
US10294123B2 (en) 2016-05-20 2019-05-21 Gradiant Corporation Humidification-dehumidification systems and methods at low top brine temperatures
US10463985B2 (en) 2015-05-21 2019-11-05 Gradiant Corporation Mobile humidification-dehumidification desalination systems and methods
US10513445B2 (en) 2016-05-20 2019-12-24 Gradiant Corporation Control system and method for multiple parallel desalination systems
US10981082B2 (en) 2015-05-21 2021-04-20 Gradiant Corporation Humidification-dehumidification desalination systems and methods

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2444190C1 (en) * 2010-07-15 2012-03-10 Григорий Николаевич Щербаков Method and device of acoustic effect at intruder
MD514Z (en) * 2011-09-13 2012-12-31 Александру ГУЛПА Device for air saturation of medicinal substances
RU2648333C2 (en) * 2013-06-12 2018-03-23 Массачусетс Инститьют Оф Текнолоджи Multi-stage bubble column humidifier
US10286335B2 (en) 2013-09-12 2019-05-14 Gradiant Corporation Systems including a condensing apparatus such as a bubble column condenser
US10463985B2 (en) 2015-05-21 2019-11-05 Gradiant Corporation Mobile humidification-dehumidification desalination systems and methods
US10143935B2 (en) 2015-05-21 2018-12-04 Gradiant Corporation Systems including an apparatus comprising both a humidification region and a dehumidification region
US10143936B2 (en) 2015-05-21 2018-12-04 Gradiant Corporation Systems including an apparatus comprising both a humidification region and a dehumidification region with heat recovery and/or intermediate injection
US10981082B2 (en) 2015-05-21 2021-04-20 Gradiant Corporation Humidification-dehumidification desalination systems and methods
MD1069Z (en) * 2016-04-28 2017-04-30 Александру ГУЛПА Device for aerophytotherapy
US10294123B2 (en) 2016-05-20 2019-05-21 Gradiant Corporation Humidification-dehumidification systems and methods at low top brine temperatures
US10513445B2 (en) 2016-05-20 2019-12-24 Gradiant Corporation Control system and method for multiple parallel desalination systems
RU167914U1 (en) * 2016-06-16 2017-01-12 Александр Сергеевич Гульпа Aerofitotherapy device

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Effective date: 20080523