RU2214490C1 - Mechanical drum-type automobile part - Google Patents

Mechanical drum-type automobile part Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2214490C1
RU2214490C1 RU2002103466A RU2002103466A RU2214490C1 RU 2214490 C1 RU2214490 C1 RU 2214490C1 RU 2002103466 A RU2002103466 A RU 2002103466A RU 2002103466 A RU2002103466 A RU 2002103466A RU 2214490 C1 RU2214490 C1 RU 2214490C1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
rotation
drum
cylindrical drum
supports
pallet
Prior art date
Application number
RU2002103466A
Other languages
Russian (ru)
Inventor
К.Ю. Тогузаев
В.Ю. Тогузаев
В.Е. Аросев
А.В. Аросев
Original Assignee
Тогузаев Константин Юрьевич
Тогузаев Владимир Юрьевич
Аросев Владислав Евгеньевич
Аросев Антон Владиславович
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Тогузаев Константин Юрьевич, Тогузаев Владимир Юрьевич, Аросев Владислав Евгеньевич, Аросев Антон Владиславович filed Critical Тогузаев Константин Юрьевич
Priority to RU2002103466A priority Critical patent/RU2214490C1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU2214490C1 publication Critical patent/RU2214490C1/en

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Abstract

FIELD: structures for automobile parking. SUBSTANCE: mechanical drum-type automobile part has base designed for installation of horizontal carrying shaft, carrying shaft, rotating cylindrical drum mounted on carrying shaft on whose bases brackets are installed for location of supports forming rotation axles parallel to carrying shaft, base plates designed for location of automobiles and made for turning round axles installed on support brackets, at least, one platform for automobile moving in and out, system for driving rotating cylindrical drum and means for control of cylindrical drum rotation. Park additionally has means for fixation of drum, and means for fixation of base plates for concurrent fixation of drum and base plate in position of alignment of base plate with platform for automobile moving in and out, and for removal of fixed load from weight of base plate or combined weight of base plate and automobile from brackets. Brackets with supports installed on them are movable, at least, on one base of cylindrical drum for provision of their withdrawal from zone of automobile moving in or out from base plate in direction along axis of its rotation. Length of bracket is such that supports located in center of circumference, whose radius equals, at least, half of diagonal of rectangle with sides equaling the width and height of automobile and which concerns the radii of circle sector lying in plane perpendicular to axis of rotation of carrying shaft and having center coinciding with axis of carrying shaft. Sector is produced as result of circle division by number of parts equaling number of places for automobile parking. EFFECT: simplified design, reduced specific metal consumption and dimensions. 2 dwg

Description

 The present invention relates to structures for parking cars, and more particularly to mechanical drum parking lots.
 From RU 2112851, cl. E 04 H 6/16, publ. 06/10/1998, there is a drum set for vertical placement of cars, comprising a drum mounted on a shaft fixed to the base, rotatably from the drive, while along the perimeter of the drum are evenly mounted on the axes of the stand with a bottom for placing cars. Axes for rotation of each stand to ensure entry and exit of the vehicle are at the top of the stand. Each stand is equipped with guides and wheel locks to ensure horizontal positioning of the bottom of the stand with the car.
 However, the known installation, in addition to being metal-intensive, also has the disadvantage that as a result of cage fastening at their upper point, the drum dimensions must be large enough to ensure that the cages rotate without meshing, which leads to an increase in the dimensions of the drum installation.
 From European patent EP 154290, cl. E 04 H 6/16, publ. 09/11/1985, a garage in the form of a wheel is known in which the axis of rotation of the platforms on which the cars are placed pass through these platforms themselves, which leads to a decrease in the dimensions of the garage.
 From German patent DE 2706983, cl. E 04 H 6/16, publ. 08/24/1978, the object of which is a rotor for a drum garage, it is also known to perform the axis of rotation of the platforms on which the cars are placed on these platforms themselves.
 However, the implementation of the axis of rotation of the platforms in both European and German patents in the platforms themselves is associated with the need to use rather complex mechanisms for synchronizing the rotation of the wheel or drum and the rotation of the platforms to maintain their horizontal orientation.
 An object of the present invention is to provide a mechanical drum parking lot having a simple structure, low material consumption, and minimal dimensions.
 This technical problem is solved due to the fact that a mechanical drum parking lot containing a base for installing a horizontal bearing shaft, a bearing shaft, a rotating cylindrical drum that is mounted on a bearing shaft, on the bases of which brackets are installed, designed to accommodate supports forming the axis of rotation parallel to the bearing shaft, pallets designed to accommodate vehicles and made with the possibility of rotation around axes parallel to the axis of the bearing shaft, in the supports mounted on the brackets, at least one platform for the entry and exit of the vehicle, the driving system of the rotating cylindrical drum and the means for controlling the rotation of the cylindrical drum, according to the invention further comprises means for fixing the drum and means for fixing the pallets for simultaneously fixing the drum and the pallet in the position of alignment of the pallet with a platform for entry and exit and for removing from the brackets of a fixed pallet the load from the weight of the pallet or the total weight of the pallet and the car , at least on the base of the cylindrical drum, the brackets with supports mounted on them are movable to allow them to be removed from the entry and exit areas of the vehicle onto / or from the pallet in the direction along the axis of rotation, while the distance between the axis of rotation of the bearing shaft and the axes the supports defined by the radius of the bases of the cylindrical drum and the length of the bracket are such that the supports are located in the center of a circle whose radius is at least half the diagonal of the rectangle with orons equal to the width and height of the car, and which concerns the radii of the sector of the circle lying in a plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the bearing shaft and having a center coinciding with the axis of rotation of the bearing shaft, and the sector is obtained by dividing the circle by the number of parts equal to the number of places parking lots.
The invention will now be explained in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which
figure 1 - one of the possible embodiments of the invention,
figure 2 is a diagram illustrating the calculation of the dimensions of the elements of the parking lot.
 In the embodiment of FIG. In an embodiment of the invention, 1 denotes the base of the parking lot. Base 1 can be installed on the surface of the earth, and can, depending on the size of the space available for parking equipment, be buried in the ground or raised to any height. The base 1 can be made of metal structures, and of any building structures, such as reinforced concrete, and can be of any shape.
At the base 1, a bearing shaft 2 is mounted for rotation, on which a rotating cylindrical drum 3 is mounted. The bases of the cylinder of the drum 3 can be made of metal structures and have any shape, in particular a star shape with the number of rays equal to the number of parking lots, as shown in FIG. 1. Along the perimeters of the bases of the cylindrical drum 3, brackets 4 are installed, located symmetrically on one and the second base and bearing rotation supports 5, forming rotation axes essentially parallel to the axis of the bearing shaft 2, about which pallets 6 rotate to accommodate cars. The number of brackets 4 on each base of the drum 3 corresponds to the number of parking spaces. Pallets 6 are connected to supports 5 by means of bearing rods 7. From figure 2 it can be seen that the length r of the brackets 4 and the length of the bearing rods 7 when designing a parking lot is determined from the condition that the supports are the center of a circle whose radius r is at least half the diagonals of a rectangle with sides equal to the width B and height H of the car, and which concerns the radius sides of the sector obtained by dividing by the number of parking places of a circle that lies in a plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the bearing shaft 2, and whose center coincides It comes with the axis of rotation of the bearing shaft. Figure 2 shows a variant of a parking lot for six cars. Such dimensions of the brackets 4 and the bearing rods 7 provide a stable and compact arrangement of pallets 6 with cars, in which the axis of rotation of the pallet 6 passes above the total center of gravity in the case of a pallet 6 with a car and even more so above the center of gravity of the pallet 6 without a car. From FIG. 2 also shows that the minimum distance R between the axis of rotation of the bearing shaft and the axes of the supports can be easily determined, which in the general case will be R = r / sin360 o / 2n, where n is the number of parking spaces. In the case of FIG. 2, n = 6 and R = r / Sin 30 o . The minimum dimensions of the cylindrical drum are quite simply calculated after the minimum length r of the brackets 4 and the minimum distance between the axis of rotation of the bearing shaft and the axes of the supports R.
 To enter the car on the pallet or exit it from the side of at least one base of the drum 3, a platform (not shown) is made from which the car enters the pallet 6 in the direction along the axis of rotation of the pallet, and also parallel to the axis of the bearing shaft 2. When if there is sufficient parking space, the car can be driven from the pallet 6 to a platform located on the side of the opposite base of the drum 3. If there are no such areas, the car can be driven from the pallet 6 to the same platform from which uschestvlyalsya entry.
 In addition to the platform for entering or leaving the pallet 6, the parking lot has a platform 8 for the driver to pass, usually located at the same level as the platform for the entrance and exit of the car.
 To ensure entry of the car on the fixed pallet 6, as well as exit from it, the brackets 4 on at least one base of the cylindrical drum from the side of the entry platform, if there is only one platform, or on both bases of the cylindrical drum, if there are two platforms are made movable to move them together with the supports 5 and bearing rods 7 from the closed position, in which the supports 5 form the axis of rotation of the pallets 6, and the rods 7 are connected with the possibility of disconnecting them from the pallets 6, in the open position, in which the brackets, together with supports 5 and bearing rods 7, disconnected from the pallet 6, are withdrawn from the vehicle passage zone. As an actuator for connecting the supporting rods 7 to the pallet 6, any mechanisms known in the art can be used, the simplest of which can be retractable metal bars.
 For the rotation of the cylindrical drum 3 to move one of the pallets to the platform for entry and exit to the position of their combination there is a system for bringing the cylindrical drum and means for controlling the rotation of the cylindrical drum. The cylinder drum driving system and its rotation control means may be of any type known in the art, and for simplicity they are not shown in FIG. 1.
 In addition to the casting system, the cylindrical drum 3 has a means for fixing it, which blocks the rotation of the cylindrical drum 3 at predetermined time periods. Additionally, there are also means for fixing the pallet 6 relative to the entry and exit platforms, which rigidly fix the pallet relative to the platform at predetermined periods of time, removing the load from the pallets 5 and, therefore, from the brackets 4 of the fixed pallet with or without a car. Such fixing means can be of any type, the simplest of which are mechanical means, for example, in the form of rods extended from the platform under the pallet, and for simplicity, the fixing means are also not shown.
 Drum parking according to the invention operates as follows.
 If the driver needs to pick up the car from the parking lot, he enters the parking lot onto platform 8. Using the means for controlling the rotation of the cylindrical drum through the cylinder drum reduction system, which can be remote, the driver turns the drum 3 into a position in which the driver’s pallet 6 is aligned with a platform for entry and exit of the car. After that, the driver with the help of fixation fixes the rotation of the cylindrical drum 3 and at the same time fixes the pallet 6 relative to the platform for entry and exit of the car. In this case, the fixing means can be made with remote control. Then the driver retracts the bracket 4 on the basis of the cylindrical drum 3 and the rods 7 in the open position, freeing the area of passage of the car. After that, the driver can take a seat behind the wheel and leave the pallet 6 on the platform for entry and exit of the car. After that, the driver must return the bracket 4 to its closed position and unlock both the pallet 6 and the rotation of the cylindrical drum 3, to enable rotation of the latter. Now the driver can leave the parking lot while driving.
 If the driver needs to park the car, he enters the platform for entry and exit of the car and, using the means for controlling the rotation of the cylindrical drum through the cylinder driving system, the driver turns the drum 3 into a position in which the empty pallet 6 is combined with the entrance and exit platform a car. After that, the driver with the help of fixation fixes the rotation of the cylindrical drum 3 and at the same time fixes the pallet 6 relative to the platform for entry and exit of the car. Then the driver takes the bracket 4 on the base of the cylindrical drum 3 to the open position, freeing the area of passage of the car. After that, the driver can take a seat behind the wheel and enter the platform for the vehicle to enter and exit the pallet 6. After that, the driver must return the bracket 4 together with the rods 7 to its closed position and release both the pallet 6 and the rotation of the cylindrical drum 3 so that provide the possibility of rotation of the latter. Now the driver can leave the parking lot through the platform for the driver to pass, if there is one, or through the platform for the entrance and exit of the car.

Claims (1)

 1. Mechanical drum parking lot, comprising a base intended for installing a horizontal bearing shaft, a bearing shaft, a rotating cylindrical drum that is mounted on a bearing shaft, on the bases of which brackets are installed, designed to accommodate supports forming axes of rotation parallel to the bearing shaft, pallets, designed to accommodate cars and made with the possibility of rotation around the axes mounted on the brackets of the supports, at least one platform for entry and exit of cars a mobile device, a driving system for rotating a cylindrical drum and means for controlling the rotation of a cylindrical drum, characterized in that it further comprises means for fixing the drum and means for fixing the pallets for simultaneously fixing the drum and the pallet in a position to align the pallet with the platform for entry and exit and for removing the fixed load pallets from the weight of the pallet or the total weight of the pallet and the vehicle, at least on one base of the cylindrical drum the supports mounted on them are movable to enable them to be taken out of the vehicle entry and exit zone onto or from the pallet in a direction along the axis of rotation, while the distance between the axis of rotation of the bearing shaft and the axes of the supports, determined by the radius of the bases of the cylindrical drum and the length of the bracket, is made such that the supports are located in the center of the circle, the radius of which is at least half the diagonal of the rectangle with sides equal to the width and height of the car, and which concerns the radii of the sector a circle lying in a plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the bearing shaft, and having a center coinciding with the axis of rotation of the bearing shaft, and the sector is obtained by dividing the circle by the number of parts equal to the number of parking spaces.
RU2002103466A 2002-02-06 2002-02-06 Mechanical drum-type automobile part RU2214490C1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2002103466A RU2214490C1 (en) 2002-02-06 2002-02-06 Mechanical drum-type automobile part

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

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RU2002103466A RU2214490C1 (en) 2002-02-06 2002-02-06 Mechanical drum-type automobile part

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105569399A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-11 谭祺 Suspension type ring-cycling rotation garage
CN105672714A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-06-15 谭祺 Suspension type annular cyclic and rotary garage capable of being built on city street
CN106013885A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-10-12 谭祺 Lifting cyclic rotating garage

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105569399A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-11 谭祺 Suspension type ring-cycling rotation garage
CN105569399B (en) * 2015-12-17 2018-08-07 谭祺 A kind of suspension type annulus circulation rotating garage
CN105672714A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-06-15 谭祺 Suspension type annular cyclic and rotary garage capable of being built on city street
CN106013885A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-10-12 谭祺 Lifting cyclic rotating garage

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MM4A The patent is invalid due to non-payment of fees

Effective date: 20090207