RU2080089C1 - Vegetable cutter - Google Patents

Vegetable cutter Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2080089C1
RU2080089C1 RU94030762A RU94030762A RU2080089C1 RU 2080089 C1 RU2080089 C1 RU 2080089C1 RU 94030762 A RU94030762 A RU 94030762A RU 94030762 A RU94030762 A RU 94030762A RU 2080089 C1 RU2080089 C1 RU 2080089C1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
knives
vertical
supporting
insert
cutting
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Application number
RU94030762A
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Russian (ru)
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RU94030762A (en
Inventor
Владимир Валентинович Маловичко
Original Assignee
Владимир Валентинович Маловичко
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Priority to RU94030762A priority Critical patent/RU2080089C1/en
Publication of RU94030762A publication Critical patent/RU94030762A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU2080089C1 publication Critical patent/RU2080089C1/en

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Abstract

FIELD: foodstuff cutting appliances. SUBSTANCE: vegetable cutter has supporting surface which carries vertical blades and one horizontal blade. At least one vertical blade is installed at distance from horizontal blade which is not less than 0.6-0.8 larger than width of supporting surface. Supporting surface is provided with replaceable insert made in the form of parallelogram, and vertical blades are secured on insert. Replaceable insert is made in the form of truncated rhomb. For cutting fruits in cubes or rhombs, they are reciprocally moved through blades while being pressed to supporting surfaces. EFFECT: high efficiency. 3 cl, 3 dwg

Description

 The invention relates to the food industry, in particular to devices for grinding products, such as vegetables, fruits, cheese, etc.
 A device for cutting vegetables containing a supporting surface with vertical knives and a horizontal knife [3] A disadvantage of the device is the inability to cut vegetables into pieces.
As a prototype, a device for cutting vegetables with slices of various shapes is adopted, containing a supporting surface with vertical knives mounted on it and a horizontal knife [2]
The disadvantage of the prototype is the high height of the knives. As a result, great efforts are needed when moving vegetables through the knife system. In addition, the large height of the knives makes them difficult to manufacture and requires an increase in the sides of the vegetable cutter body to enable the cutting of products using the fruit holder. Otherwise, the fruit holder touches the vertical knives when cutting products. Therefore, for the implementation of the known device requires significant changes in the design of existing vegetable cutters.
 The aim of the invention is to provide a device for cutting vegetables, which would reduce the efforts of cutting vegetables and provide the possibility of distributing products in small pieces of the same shape in vegetable cutters without a significant change in their design.
 This goal is achieved in that at least one vertical knife is installed at a distance from the horizontal knife not less than 0.6-0.8 times the width of the supporting surface; in addition, the supporting surface is provided with a removable insert made in the form of a parallelogram, and the vertical knives are fixed to the insert; replaceable insert is made in the shape of a hexagon; interchangeable insert is made with a support handle located on the opposite side relative to the location of the vertical knives.
 The technical effect of using the proposed technical solution is to reduce the cutting force, more complete cutting of products.
 Figure 1 shows a vegetable cutter, side view; figure 2 is the same, a top view; figure 3 is the same, a top view of a vegetable cutter with a removable insert in the form of a hexagon.
The vegetable cutter consists of a body 1 with a horizontal knife 2 and a supporting plane 3, on which vertical knives 4 are fixed. The horizontal knife 2 can be made straight, as in FIG. 2, inclined or V-shaped, as in FIG. 3. The horizontal knife 2 can be solid, as in figure 2, or composite
FIG. 3. The height of the vertical knives 4 should ensure cutting off the incised part of the fetus with a horizontal knife 2. At least the height of the knives should be no less than the distance from the supporting surface 3 to the cutting plane of the horizontal knife 2.
 The vertical knives 4 are mounted on the supporting surface in such a way that the fruit 6 is located at its maximum size (width close to the width of the supporting surface 3) on the supporting surface 3 between the vertical knives 4 and the horizontal 2. For this, the vertical knives 4 are located at a distance from the horizontal knives l equal to at least 0.6-0.8 of the actual width L of the base 3, along which the cut fruits glide. This distance can be the same between the horizontal knife 2 and the vertical knives 4 when they are parallel to the horizontal knife 2-position I + III and II + IV (figure 2). The marked distance may be different with the relative location of the knives II + V (figure 2) or shown in figure 3.
 The ratio noted above should be observed primarily for vertical knives 4 located in the center. The most reliable operation of the vegetable slicer is provided when 1-4 vertical knives (most often central) are located at a distance from the horizontal knife 2, not less than the width of the supporting surface 3, along which the sliced fruits glide. The farther the vertical knives 4 are located from the horizontal knife 2, the smaller their height can be and vice versa. That is, the height of the vertical knives 4 should provide the required height of the incisions by them of the fetus when moving it along arrow B. Vertical knives 4 can have sharpening on both sides or only on one side from the opposite horizontal knife 2.
Vertical knives 4 can be placed on a removable insert 5 having a parallelogram shape in plan (with the arrangement of knives II + IV of figure 2). In this case, the insert 5 can be rotated 180 ° in the direction of the cutting plane. The insert 5 can be made in the form of a rhombus or a hexagon, for example, in the form of a rhombus with truncated vertices of Fig.3. When executed in the form of a rhombus, the insert 5 can also be rotated further so that the vertical knives 4 are at the bottom. The inserts 5 are firmly fixed in each of the positions in the base 1 (the mounting mechanism is not shown in the drawings). For cutting products 6 circles can be used insert 5 without vertical knives 4.
 When performing a vegetable cutter with a completely replaceable insert (abutment surface) 3, for ease of use, increasing the strength of the insert and the possibility of using vegetable cutters in existing structures without alteration, the insert can be equipped with a handle 7. The handle 7 also serves as an element of rigidity of the insert. The handle 7 can be used either independently or in conjunction with the handle or the corresponding stiffening elements 8 of the vegetable cutter.
 Use a vegetable cutter as follows.
 Cutting products 6 circles or straws is done by moving them periodically in the direction of arrow A through vertical knives 4 (if the appropriate insert is used to cut products with straws) and a horizontal knife (knives) 2. In the opposite direction, the products are moved without pressing them to the surfaces of the vegetable cutter 9 and 3. If you use an insert without vertical knives 4, then the products are cut into circles.
For cutting in cubes or rhombuses, the products are moved with a constant pressure to the supporting surfaces 3 and 9 (in both directions along arrows A and B) and, therefore, by their constant movement through the vertical knives 4. Start cutting by moving the product 6 from the extreme right position 10 to direction of the arrow B. After the horizontal blade 2 slips off the product and further it slides on the surface 3 and the vertical cut knives 4. After passing the knives product 4 rotates along arrow P 90 o (if cut produ you cut it into cubes and to another angle when cutting with rhombuses) and then move it in the direction of arrow A, pressing it to surfaces 3 and 9. After passing the horizontal knife 2, the cubes are formed from the bottom of the product, which are formed as a result of preliminary vertical perpendicular cuts in the bottom of 11 in the process of product advancement noted above in arrow B and subsequent vertical incisions (perpendicular to the previous incisions) formed during product advancement in arrow A. Alternation moved Product 6 in the direction of arrow B, rotation in the direction of arrow P, and movement in the direction of arrow A ensures that the product is cut into identical pieces of small size.
 Due to the dispersal of the knives on the plane 3, the cutting forces are reduced and more evenly distributed during the cutting of the products. In particular, the cutting forces of the fruits 6 with vertical knives 4 are significantly reduced, since they are separated from the horizontal knife 2. In this case, when cutting the fruits 6 with vertical knives 4, the cutting forces of only these knives act. Even if the vertical knives 4 are installed in such a way that when cutting the largest fruit, it is in contact with the horizontal knives 2, while still in the area of action of the vertical knives 4, the cutting force is still significantly lower than when the knives 4 are installed next to the horizontal knife (s) 2 (such an arrangement of vertical knives 4 is possible when making vertical knives of greater height than in conventional vegetable cutters and closer to horizontal knife 2).
 By reducing the cutting forces (due to the separation of the vertical and horizontal knives from each other), it is possible to perform less sharp sharpening of the vertical knives 4 from the side of the horizontal knife 2.
Using the insert 5 with vertical knives 4 in the form of a parallelogram allows you to change the location of the vertical knives relative to the horizontal knife 2. If necessary, turning the insert 180 o in the plane of the supporting surface allows you to zoom in or out the vertical knives 4 to horizontal 2. In the first case, the products are cut with straws, and in the second with both cubes and straws (when cutting products only in the direction of arrow A). When the insert 5 in the shape of a hexagon is flipped with knives 4 down, it is possible to cut products in circles.
 The parallelogram insert can be an independent replaceable vegetable cutter element or be part of a replaceable insert containing a supporting surface 3.
 If it is necessary to increase the length of the supporting surface 3 of the insert (not in the form of a parallelogram) or the corresponding base of the vegetable cutter, handle 7 can be made on the opposite side for ease of use. When using the vegetable cutter, it can only be supported by this handle or by the handle 7 together with the stiffener 8 The handle 7 may mesh with the stiffener 8, increasing the rigidity of the base 1.
 Using the proposed vegetable slicer will allow you to additionally cut products into cubes or rhombuses using the same inserts that are used to cut products into cubes, straws or slices.

Claims (4)

 1. Vegetable slicer containing a supporting surface with vertical knives mounted on it and a horizontal knife, characterized in that at least one vertical knife is installed at a distance from the horizontal knife, not less than 0.6 0.3 times the width of the supporting surface.
 2. Vegetable slicer according to claim 1, characterized in that the supporting surface is provided with a removable insert in the form of a parallelogram, and vertical knives are fixed to the insert.
 3. Vegetable slicer according to claim 2, characterized in that the replaceable insert is made with a support handle located on the opposite side relative to the location of the vertical knives.
 4. Vegetable slicer according to claim 2, characterized in that the replaceable insert is made in the form of a truncated rhombus.
RU94030762A 1994-08-16 1994-08-16 Vegetable cutter RU2080089C1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU94030762A RU2080089C1 (en) 1994-08-16 1994-08-16 Vegetable cutter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU94030762A RU2080089C1 (en) 1994-08-16 1994-08-16 Vegetable cutter

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
RU94030762A RU94030762A (en) 1996-09-20
RU2080089C1 true RU2080089C1 (en) 1997-05-27

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
RU94030762A RU2080089C1 (en) 1994-08-16 1994-08-16 Vegetable cutter

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2575267C2 (en) * 2011-05-05 2016-02-20 Джениус ГмбХ Insert for food product grinders

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
1. Авторское свидетельство СССР N 369002, кл. В 26 D 1/02, 1970. 2. Патент ФРГ N 3642704, кл. В 26 D 3/26, 1986. *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2575267C2 (en) * 2011-05-05 2016-02-20 Джениус ГмбХ Insert for food product grinders

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Publication number Publication date
RU94030762A (en) 1996-09-20

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MM4A The patent is invalid due to non-payment of fees

Effective date: 20100817