RU2076241C1 - Inertia propelling device - Google Patents

Inertia propelling device Download PDF

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RU2076241C1
RU2076241C1 RU93054213A RU93054213A RU2076241C1 RU 2076241 C1 RU2076241 C1 RU 2076241C1 RU 93054213 A RU93054213 A RU 93054213A RU 93054213 A RU93054213 A RU 93054213A RU 2076241 C1 RU2076241 C1 RU 2076241C1
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Prior art keywords
disk
unbalanced
center
unbalanced load
systems
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RU93054213A
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Russian (ru)
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RU93054213A (en
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Виталий Дмитриевич Корнилов
Вадим Витальевич Корнилов
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Виталий Дмитриевич Корнилов
Вадим Витальевич Корнилов
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Abstract

FIELD: transport. SUBSTANCE: device is essentially construction in which unbalanced weights rotating in one plane reciprocate and provide unidirectional continuous action of weight inertia forces. Device employs geometric property of inscribed circles with weights, diameter ratios 1:2, and rolling one inside the other without slipping. EFFECT: enlarged operating capabilities. 4 dwg

Description

 An inertial driving device containing a housing that is multiple of two rotating systems in opposite directions, interconnected via a gear, each of the rotating systems consists of a rectangular frame, pins mounted in the housing, unbalanced loads on the shafts connected to the planetary gear and rotating are installed in the frame in opposite directions with centers of mass moving along a curved path, characterized in that three systems are installed in the rotor rotating in the housing each the system consists of a rotating disk of an unbalanced load of the system connected by gears of the planetary gear of the drive of the systems and rotate in the same plane in one direction; in each system, the unbalanced load rotates in the opposite direction from the direction of rotation of the disk, the center of mass of the unbalanced load is located at a point on its circumference rotation relative to the disk inscribed in the circumference of the disk formed by the radius of rotation of the center of mass of the unbalanced load located at the extreme point from the center of the disk in the circle of the center of the disk with the ratio of these circles 2: 1, the perimeter of the small circle with the unbalanced load rolls along the inner perimeter of the larger circle without slipping, as a result, the center of mass of the unbalanced load moves back and forth along the diameter of the larger circle passing through the center of the disk, and when the system rotates around the rotor moves along the curve of the 4th order of the cardioid provides the translational motion of the center of mass of the unbalanced load, causing unidirectional action of the inertia forces of the unbalanced the bond.
 The invention relates to mechanical engineering, and more specifically to a car - aircraft manufacturing and can be used as a traction power plant and reverse braking of a car on aircraft, vehicles powered by muscular force to provide movement, as well as when creating universal vehicles inertia Suspension moving on the ground and in the air. With small dimensions and simplicity of design, the inertia force at the request of the consumer can be any and is limited only by the strength of the materials from which the device is made.
 A device is known in which the inertia forces of rotating unbalanced loads cause a directed traction force (French patent, N 2101562), consisting of 4 systems, each system has one unbalanced load and one planetary gear common to all the drive systems of the systems.
 In this device, the resulting centrifugal inertia forces (hereinafter referred to as the center of motion) of unbalanced loads acting alternately in one direction, as well as the second-order inertia forces of the moments of inertia of the masses of unbalanced loads arising from their rotation in planes perpendicular to the axes of rotation of the systems, will cause vibration device load. In addition, in the kinematic diagram of the device, the diameters of planetary gears cannot be less than two radii of rotation of unbalanced weights (more precisely, the length of the frames of the systems), in this case, gears of large diameters and additional large pumps such as flywheels are required to balance each gear of a planetary gear, increase strength and increase the dimensions of other parts, which makes the design of the device cumbersome and significantly reduces the effectiveness of its application.
 The purpose of the invention is the use of inertia forces of the reciprocating motion of unbalanced loads and ensure the unidirectional action of these inertia forces, and on this basis the creation of a simple and effective device design.
 The goal is achieved by the fact that the device uses the geometric property of circles inscribed one into another with a ratio of their diameters of 2: 1, when rolling a small circle along the inner perimeter of a large circle without sliding on a small circle, there is a point that moves along the diameter of the large circle back and forth.
 The device (Fig. 1 and 2) consists of a housing 1, a rotor 10, three systems, a planetary gear drive systems. The device may consist of 1, 2, 3, 4 systems. In the balanced mode, only devices consisting of 3 and 4 systems work, devices from the 1st and 2 systems in balanced mode can only work paired.
 The rotor 10 is made in the form of a three-pronged crosspiece at the same time with the drive shaft of the device and is installed in the gear sleeve 9, fixed tightly in the housing 1.
The systems are located in the rotor 10 negatively to each other at an angle of 120 o .
 The system consists of a disk 2 truncated on both sides of the disk (hereinafter referred to as disk 2), integral with the drive shaft of the system installed in the hub of the gear 5 of the planetary gear of the drive of the unbalanced load 3, which is tightly fixed in the hole of the tooth of the rotor 10, gear 4 with the shaft offset from the center 9 of the disk, an unbalanced load 3 is installed on the shaft of the gear 4, an intermediate gear 6 of the drive of the unbalanced load 3 and two intermediate gear 6 of the drive of the unbalanced load 3 and two counterweights 7. The designs of all systems are the same.
 The planetary drive transmission of the systems consists of gear 9, tightly fixed in the housing 1, in the hub of which the rotor 10 is mounted and rotates, three gears 8 of the drive of the systems mounted on the dowels on the shafts of the disks 2.
 The device is driven from an external engine through a pulley 11 of the rotor shaft 10.
The operation of the device. In the device, each unbalanced load 3 of the system rotates in one plane simultaneously around three axes (Fig. 3, a, 4, b, c, d):
counterclockwise around the axis of the gear 4;
clockwise together with the disk 2 around the center of the disk 2 (the trajectory of the larger circumference of the disk 2 passes through the center of rotation of the rotor 10).
These two rotations provide reciprocating movement of the unbalanced load 3 in the system:
clockwise around the axis of the rotor 10 together with the system.
 As a result of this rotation, an unbalanced load 3 moves along a fourth-order curve (Fig. 4, b, K), which is called cardioiod in higher mathematics.
 In the initial position (Fig. 4, b) the unbalanced load 3 (I) is in the extreme position from the axis of rotation of the rotor 10, the rotation angle is 0, the inertia force P1 is maximum and is directed away from the center of the rotor 10, since at this point the speed of the unbalanced load 3 is 0, since the load changes the direction of movement to the center of the rotor 10.
 When the rotor 10 is rotated by a certain angle, the unbalanced load 3 (I) will occupy the position 3 "(I"), having traveled along the arc of the path K 3 3 ", while simultaneously making a translational motion h along the diameter of the disk 2 to the center of the rotor 10.
When the rotor 1 is turned through an angle of 90 o, an unbalanced load 3 (I) will occupy a position in the center of the disk 2 of the system at point 0 (Fig. 3a, Fig. 4b), at this point O (Fig. 3a, Fig. 4, b), at this point the acceleration of the unbalanced load 3 (I) changes its sign from + to -, the inertia force P1 is equal to zero.
In the range of the angle of rotation of the rotor 10 from 90 to 180 o, the translational speed of the unbalanced load 3 (I) decreases and when the angle of rotation of 180 o is reached, it will be zero, the inertia force of the unbalanced load 3 (I) at this point is maximum and directed from the center of the rotor 10 to the initial position of the unbalanced load 3 (I) (Fig. 4, g).
In the range of the angle of rotation of the rotor 10 from 180 to 270 o the progressive speed of the unbalanced load 3 (I) will increase to the maximum value, the inertia force P1, on the contrary, decreases from the maximum to zero and is directed toward the center (Fig. 4, d, position 3 (III )
And finally, in the range of the angle of rotation of the rotor 10 from 270 to 360 o the progressive speed of the unbalanced load 3 (I) will vary from maximum to zero, the inertia force P1 will increase to the maximum value and directed from the center of the rotor 10.
 The work of systems with unbalanced weights 3 (II) and 3 (III) is carried out similarly.
 As a result, the reciprocating movement of the unbalanced loads 3 is converted into a translational movement of unidirectional action, the resulting inertial force P is always directed towards the initial position of the unbalanced load 3 (I), the value of which is constant and equal to 1.5 of the maximum value of the three forces P1.
The following forces act in the device when unbalanced loads move:
1. P1 is the inertia force of the 1st order, the period of change of this force is one revolution of the rotor 10 and is directed away from the center of rotation of the rotor 10.
P 1 = mrω 2 • cosΦ
where: m mass of unbalanced cargo 3, kg;
r radius of rotation of the unbalanced load 3, m;
ω angular velocity of rotation of the rotor 10, rad \ s;
f angle of rotation of the rotor 10 o .
 2. P2 is the inertia force of the 2nd order, the period of change of this half-revolution force of the rotor 10, the direction of the force coincides with P1.
P 2 = mrω 2 • 0,1cos2Φ
where: m mass of unbalanced cargo 3, kg;
r radius of rotation of the unbalanced load 3, m;
ω the angular velocity of rotation of the rotor 10, rad / s
f angle of rotation of the rotor 10 o ;
0.1 coefficient taking into account the uneven movement of unbalanced cargo in relation to the movement of the piston of an internal combustion engine.
 3. Pc centrifugal inertia of the unbalanced load 3 when it rotates around the axis of the gear shaft 4.
P c = mrω 2
where: m mass of unbalanced cargo 3, kg;
r radius of rotation of the unbalanced load 3, m;
ω angular rotation speed of unbalanced load 3, rad / s.
4. Pc 1 centrifugal inertia of the unbalanced load 3 when it rotates around the axis of the disk 2, m
P c1 = mr ″ ω 2
where: m mass of unbalanced cargo 3, kg;
r "variable radius of rotation of the unbalanced load 3 around the axis of the disk 2, m;
ω the angular velocity of rotation of the disk 2, rad / s.
The forces Pc and Pc 1 of the unbalanced loads 3 are partially mutually balanced and partially coincide with the direction of the forces P1.
5. RC 2 centrifugal inertia forces of rotation of unbalanced load 3 with a variable radius R1.
P c2 = mR 1 ω 2
where: m mass of unbalanced cargo 3, kg;
R1 is the variable radius of rotation of the unbalanced load 3 around the axis of the rotor 10, m
 ω the angular velocity of rotation of the unbalanced load 3, around the rotor 10 rad / s.
6. RT is the inertia force of the tangent to the circle of rotation of the center of mass of the unbalanced load 3 with a variable radius R1, the action of the forces is manifested in the range 0 180 o of the angle of rotation of the rotor 10. These forces are insignificant in the graph of FIG. 4e are not shown.
Figure 00000002

where: J moment of inertia of the center of mass of rotation of the unbalanced load 3;
Figure 00000003

m mass of unbalanced cargo 3, kg;
R1 is the variable radius of rotation of the unbalanced load 3 relative to the center of the rotor 10, m;
ω the angular velocity of rotation of the rotor 10, rad / s
 7. Rm the reaction force of the drive motor.
 In the described device, it is customary to calculate forces: m 0.15 kg; r 0.026 m; w 1000 rpm / min rotor 10 or 100 rad / s. The main results are shown in FIG. 4, d.

Claims (1)

  1.  An inertial driving device containing a housing that is multiple of two rotating systems in opposite directions, interconnected via a gear, each of the rotating systems consists of a rectangular frame, pins mounted in the housing, unbalanced loads on the shafts connected to the planetary gear and rotating are installed in the frame in opposite directions with centers of mass moving along a curved path, characterized in that three systems are installed in the rotor rotating in the housing, each The system consists of a rotating disk, unbalanced load, planetary gear drive of an unbalanced load, the systems are interconnected by gears of a planetary gear of a drive of systems and rotate in the same plane in one direction, while in each system unbalanced loads rotate in the opposite direction from the direction of rotation of the disk, the center of mass of the unbalanced load is located at a point on the perimeter of the circle of its rotation relative to the disk inscribed in the circle of the disk formed by the radius of rotation of the center of mass of the unbalanced about the load located at the extreme point from the center of the disk, around the center of the disk with the ratio of these circles 2: 1, the perimeter of a small circle with an unbalanced load rolls along the inner perimeter of the larger circle of the disk without sliding, as a result, the center of mass of the unbalanced load moves back and forth along the diameter of a larger circle passing through the center of the disk, and when the system rotates around the rotor, it moves along the 4th order curve "cardioid", provides translational movement of the center of mass of the unbalanced load, in binding unidirectional unbalanced load inertia forces.
RU93054213A 1993-12-03 1993-12-03 Inertia propelling device RU2076241C1 (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013074052A1 (en) 2011-11-18 2013-05-23 Trubyanov Yuriy Valentynovych Energy generator

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Патент Франции N 2101562, кл. F 03 G 3/00, 1972. *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013074052A1 (en) 2011-11-18 2013-05-23 Trubyanov Yuriy Valentynovych Energy generator
JP2014533814A (en) * 2011-11-18 2014-12-15 リミテッド ライアビリティー カンパニー“ウクレイニアン ニューエナジー グループ”(“ユーエヌジー”リミテッド)リミテッド Energy generator

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