RU2072015C1 - Device for laying and replacing members of railway track and method for replacing members of railway track - Google Patents

Device for laying and replacing members of railway track and method for replacing members of railway track Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2072015C1
RU2072015C1 SU5052550A RU2072015C1 RU 2072015 C1 RU2072015 C1 RU 2072015C1 SU 5052550 A SU5052550 A SU 5052550A RU 2072015 C1 RU2072015 C1 RU 2072015C1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
track
gantry crane
railway
trolleys
members
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Russian (ru)
Inventor
Гайзмар Даниэль
Original Assignee
Компани дез Ансьен Этаблисман Л.Жизмар
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Priority to FR9103532A priority Critical patent/FR2674266B1/fr
Application filed by Компани дез Ансьен Этаблисман Л.Жизмар filed Critical Компани дез Ансьен Этаблисман Л.Жизмар
Priority to SU5052550 priority patent/RU2072015C1/en
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Publication of RU2072015C1 publication Critical patent/RU2072015C1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B29/00Laying, rebuilding, or taking-up tracks; Tools or machines therefor
    • E01B29/02Transporting, laying, removing, or renewing lengths of assembled track, assembled switches, or assembled crossings

Abstract

FIELD: railway repairing. SUBSTANCE: device has gantry crane installed on crawler truck and rail truck to move it, hand trucks being moved along railway track, and hoists for lifting track members having traveling gears to travel along the railway track. Method for replacing the members of the railway track lies in the fact that outdated members of the track are removed by the gantry crane, stacked onto the hand trucks, moved on the tracks to the area of dismantling outdated members of the track. New members of the track are moved by the hand trucks to the area of laying down using the gantry crane. The new members of the crane are laid down by the gantry crane. As this takes place, the movement of the track members between hand trucks and dismantling area for outdated track members, or laying down area for new track members is carried out using hoists for lifting track members. The gantry crane is used as prime mover for moving hand trucks. EFFECT: higher efficiency. 9 cl, 11 dwg

Description

 The invention relates to devices for laying and replacing railway links and switches, and to methods for replacing railway links and switches.
A device for laying and replacing elements of a railway track is known, comprising a gantry crane and at least two freight trolleys moving along the railway track [1]
The technical result of the invention is to increase the productivity of the device.
 To achieve this technical result, a device for laying and replacing elements of a railway track, comprising a gantry crane and at least two freight trolleys moving along the railway track, is equipped with elevators of track elements with running gears for moving along the railway track and along the track, and the portal crane is made with caterpillar and railway carts for its movement.
In addition, the gantry crane includes a longitudinal telescopic beam with grips for rails, moreover, railway trolleys are mounted on the frame of the gantry crane using brackets rotated by the actuators, and caterpillar trolleys with the possibility of height adjustment on vertical racks, while the rails are mounted with the possibility of movement along the height and across the device, and the specified beam is mounted on the frame of the gantry crane with the possibility of rotation in the horizontal plane, each hoist This track is made with grippers for rails and contains a support frame supported by running gears for moving along the railway track, a telescopic beam pivotally mounted on the support frame, and vertical racks mounted on the ends of the telescopic beam with the possibility of height adjustment by actuators and fixed on the ends movable elements of the telescopic beam with the ability to move relative to the Central element of this beam. The telescopic beam of each elevator of the track elements is mounted on the support frame with the possibility of rotation in a horizontal plane at an angle of 90 o , the device is equipped with grippers for rails mounted on the support frame with the possibility of shifting in height and moving across the device, and the cargo trolleys are made with cargo platforms connected with mechanisms for moving them in height with remote control.
There is a method of replacing elements of a railway track, which consists in removing old track elements with a gantry crane, stacking them on freight trolleys, moving these trolleys to the dismantling area of old track elements, moving new track elements on freight trolleys to the laying area and laying new track elements gantry crane [1]
The technical result of this invention is to reduce the time to replace the elements of the railway track.
 To achieve this technical result, in a method of replacing elements of a railway track, which consists in removing old track elements with a gantry crane, stacking them on freight carts, moving these carts to the dismantling area of old track elements, moving new track elements on freight carts to the stacking area and stack new elements of the path with a gantry crane, use this crane as a tractor to move freight carts, and move the elements of the path between freight carts and the dismantling area of old electric The track elements or the laying of new track elements are carried out with the help of track elements lifters that are moved along the enclosing path.
 Figure 1 (a, b, c) shows the steps of a method for replacing elements of a railway track; figure 2 portal crane, General view; figure 3 is the same, a top view; figure 4 is the same, a view along arrow A in figure 2 (two operating positions); figure 5 is a view along arrow B on the frame of the gantry crane in figure 3; FIG. 6 a section BB of FIG. 3; Fig.7 is a view along arrow G in Fig.2; in Fig.8 is a section DD in Fig.3; Fig.9 lift elements of the path, front view; figure 10 is the same, a top view; 11 is the same side view.
 A device for laying and replacing elements of the railway track, mainly turnouts and its links, contains a gantry crane 1 for lifting and transporting links of turnouts and whole turnouts, at least two freight carts 2 and several elevators 3 of the elements of the railway track, the number of which depends on the size of the stacked or disassembled track element.
 As follows from figure 1, which shows three different stages of the implementation of the claimed method, the gantry crane 1 can be moved along the main path 4 using two railway carts 6 or four tracked carts 7, 8, the position of which can vary in height. The portal is designed so that it is able to take and transport even volumetric elements of the path, for example turnouts, the geometry of which varies significantly in the longitudinal direction, especially in the center of the structure and at the ends. The portal can also be used as a pushing machine or tractor while transporting a track element along the main track.
 Figure 1 also shows that the lifts 3 are equipped with two running gears 9, 10, allowing them to move along the main path 4 or along the enclosing path 11, which is laid in the device’s working area on the sides of the main path 4. Cargo trucks 2 can only move along main path 4.
 As can be seen in FIGS. 2 and 3, the gantry crane 1 consists of a support frame 12, to which two railway trolleys 6 with wheels 13 are mounted on hinges. Fastening is carried out using devices 14.
 The supporting frame 12 also carries tracked trolleys 7, 8, adjustable in height. On the upper horizontal part 15 of the support frame are four rectangular beams 16 located across the path in pairs. These beams are connected at the ends with each other using channel beams 17, 18 located parallel to the path. Beams 16 are parallel to each other. To each external transverse beam 16 from each pair is connected another channel beam 19, 20, shifted downward in the continuation of the longitudinal beams 17, 18. Vertically below this part of the support frame 12 at some distance from it is the lower horizontal part of the frame 21, mainly consisting from profile beams 22 or 23, laid in the transverse and longitudinal position, as follows from FIG. 2,5,6. These two parts of the frame 12 are interconnected by intermediate vertical beams located on the outer sides, of which only four rectangular vertical beams 24 are needed to describe the invention.
 Each of these beams 24 is fixed end-to-end under the transverse inner beam 16 along the frame 12 and carries a transverse beam 22 at the lower end. Each pair of these beams 42 is symmetrical with respect to the central longitudinal axis of the frame and is located at the level of the wheels 13 so that the devices 14 for mounting and drive trolleys 6, can be pivotally connected with the intermediate beams 24 and with the transverse beams 22.
Between the upper and lower parts of the support frame 12 extends along the entire length of the closed channel 25, which has a transverse rectangular section, expanding to two ends at an angle β, for example, 5 o . This channel 25 is formed by sheets of iron welded together and welded to the frame beams, such as, for example, sheets 26 in FIG. 6.
 All connections between the profiles forming the support frame and the iron sheets are made by welding.
 A closed rectangular channel serves as a guide for the telescopic longitudinal beam 26, which consists of a central element 27 and movable elements 28 at each end, which slide in the central element. The central element 27 is placed in the channel 25 and protrudes from it at the ends.
 In the central part of the support frame 12, the element 27 is fixed in the upper and lower 29 and 30 walls of the channel so that it can rotate relative to the vertical axis 31. The angle of rotation of the telescopic beam is equal to the angle of expansion b of channel 25. Changing the length of the beam 26 is carried out using hydraulics.
At each end of the central element 27, which protrudes from the channel 25, a transverse beam 32 is fixed, which is located symmetrically relative to the longitudinal axis of the path (Fig. 8). It consists of two channel beams turned to each other. On each half of this beam there are carriages 33 carrying grippers 34 for rails in order to take from below and transfer track elements for rails. The gripper 34 is mounted on the carriage 33 so that it is adjustable in height. It can be rotated around its vertical axis by 180 o in order to capture from below the rail 5, installed or replaced by a track element from both the outside and the inside. The carriage 33 and the grippers 34 are hydraulically controlled.
 At the ends of the telescopic beam 26, a beam 35 is mounted which carries a pair of grippers 36 for rails adapted to take from below and move the rails of the track elements. The beam 35 is a channel facing the shelves down, between the shelves of which a vertically moving element 37 is fixed. The gripper 36 is supported on each side of this element so that it can be shifted across the path.
 As seen in FIG. 2 and 3, the profile hollow transverse beam 16 serves as the base of the supporting frame 38 for two vertical telescopic racks 39, 40 located on the sides of the support frame. Each of the racks rests on the tracked carts 7 mentioned above. Each support frame 38 consists of a horizontal lower beam 41 mounted along the path and located slightly above the transverse beams 16, and an upper beam 42 parallel to the beam 41. Two control elements 44 are attached to these beams 41 and 42, interconnected by braces 43, two telescopic racks 40. To the bottom of each element 44 on the side are attached a profile 45 with a rectangular cross section located across the axis of the racks and of such a size that it can enter one of the hollow beams 16 and slide along the axis in it, as shown in FIG. 3. Thanks to such a device, the supporting frame 38 with struts 40 goes back and forth, sideways and across two beams 16. Each strut 4 has an element 46 that slides along the control element 44. This element 46 is supported by a tracked vehicle 7.
 Four struts 40 and other telescopic elements formed by beams 16 and 45 are hydraulically controlled. The movable elements 44 and 46 can constantly slide in two directions: forward and backward.
 FIG. 7 shows a fixture 14, which is used for mounting and driving a trolley 6. This fixture comprises two brackets 47, 48 arranged symmetrically with respect to the central longitudinal line and hinged 49 to the end of the intermediate beam 24 so that they can rotate around a horizontal axis. The brackets 48 are rotated using a system of hydraulic cylinders 50, which are attached by a hinge 51 at the top to the intermediate beam 24, and the rod at the bottom is attached by a hinge 52 to the bracket 48. Each bracket 48 can be fixed using the latch 53 and the lower part of the support frame 12 in the working position, which gantry crane 1 stands on the rails, relying on the wheels 13.
 The supporting frame 12 also carries a power plant 54, which includes a diesel engine, a fuel tank and a hydraulic device with an oil tank for controlling racks and telescopic beams, equipment of tracked carts, brake equipment, a gripper drive and electrical equipment, including all devices for starting and monitoring hydraulic operations, for starting and monitoring diesel engines, lighting devices for night work, alarms, etc.
Lift 3 (Figs. 9 and 11) includes a support frame 55 on which power equipment 56 is mounted, for example, a diesel engine for autonomous movement and all hydraulic equipment for controlling the lift mechanisms. Two running gears 9 are attached to the support frame 55, allowing the lift to move along the main path. It also mounted a transverse telescopic beam 57 of variable length, rotated through an angle of 90 o between the longitudinal and transverse positions relative to the path. It consists of a central element 58 and movable elements 59 on each side of the central element. At the end of the element 59, a vertical guide cylinder 60 is fixed along the axis of which the telescopic stand 62 is located. The guide cylinder moves along the stand 62 under the action of the lifting cylinder 61. The stand 62 contains a guide element 63 along which the stand member 64 slides forward and back under the action of the inner cylinder (not shown in the drawings). The housing of the lifting cylinder 61 is attached to the guide cylinder 60, and the rod with the piston to the guide element 63 of the rack 62.
 The base of the element 64 of the rack 62 is hinged to the channel beam 65, horizontal and rotatable at a small angle. A wheel 66 is mounted at each end of the beam 65. The wheels 66 and the beam 65 form a running gear 10 that allows the lift 3 to move along the enclosing path 11.
The supporting frame 5 of the elevator 3 carries two grips 67 for hydraulically controlled rails, which can be displaced outward across the track and rotated 180 ° so as to grab the bottom rail both from the outside and from the inside.
 As for freight trolleys 2, they have their own hydraulic equipment for controlling the position of the cargo area (turning and moving in the plane of the platform itself).
 The cargo area is large enough for laying track elements and can be remotely controlled.
 Below is described with reference to figure 1 how using the inventive device is replaced by a path element, for example, turnout. For this, the device includes a gantry crane 1, three elevators 3 and five freight trolleys 2.
 To remove the old switch, the gantry crane 1 is sent to the track repair area in connection with the three lifts 3 and enters the switch. All cars occupy the prescribed positions. Five freight trolleys 2 are placed in front of the turnout to take it during the replacement operation, as shown in FIG. During the dismantling of the switch, the portal crane 1 disconnected from both sides, as well as the elevators 3, is brought into working condition, i.e. tracked carts 7 of the portal crane 1 of the rack 62 with wheels 66 are lowered. The wheels 66 are supported by an enclosing path 11 previously laid along the railroad switch. The telescopic beam 26 of the gantry crane 1 is deployed and the grips for the rails are fixed on the railroad switch.
 The grips of 67 lifts 3 capture the rails from below, and it rises along the entire length by 10 cm above the freight trolleys 2 located in front of the disconnection site. The gantry crane 1 moves the railroad switch over the freight bogies 2, as shown in FIG. 1a.
When the first elevator 3 in the direction of travel reaches the first freight trolley 2, located on the left in Fig. 1c, the elevator 3 places the switch on the platform of the freight trolley 2, previously raised by 10 cm. The platforms of all other freight trolleys 2 remain free. After the switch is placed on the trolley, the racks 62 of the elevator 3 return to the position in which the wheels 65 are raised above the switch. The telescopic beam 57 is rotated 90 ° along the path. The grippers 67 remain in the operating position so that the hoist 3, which is now carried by the freight trolley 2, is fixed in this position, as shown in figa. The gantry crane 1 continues to push the turnout to the left and thus carries away the first bogie 2 with the lift lying on it in the direction of movement. When the second lift 3 is located above the second cargo trolley 2, its platform rises 10 cm and receives the other part of the switch and the lift. This operation continues until the turnout is laid on all 5 freight carts, as shown in figs.
 When the gantry crane 1 leaves the place of disconnection and is on the main path 4, the carts 6 of the portal are lowered, and the tracked carts 7 are lifted, and the crane 1 can be moved along the rails and serve in accordance with Fig. 1 with a pusher for transporting the turnout to the dismantling zone.
 Then, as the old switch was moved to the dismantling zone, and the new one was put on the trolley 2 using the gantry crane 1 and the hoists 3, it reaches the gap to the portal. Lifts 3 remain on the turnout, as can be seen in figs.
Upon arrival at the installation site, the gantry crane 1 is moved from the "travel along the way" position to the "travel on tracked carts" position. Crane 1 takes the largest middle part of the turnout. Lifts 3 rotate 90 o their beams 57 in the working position, transverse to the direction of the path. Racks 42 are produced so that their wheels 66 stand on the enclosing path 11.
 The turnout is held by grippers 67 for the rails of the elevators 3 so that the cargo areas of the trolleys 2 can be lowered. With the help of a crane 1 and elevators 3, the railroad switch is transported to the disassembled section and laid on a prepared ballast base.
 The use of lifts 3 implies an important advantage. Grips 67 have two functions that they perform due to their horizontal and vertical adjustment. They lift and carry the track element and push the wheels of the running gear 9 onto the rails of the track element, and thus fix the lifts 3 during the lifting, lowering and transporting operations on the track element. Due to the relatively large distance between the wheels 66 of the running gear 10, a strong support is guaranteed for the elevator 3 on an enclosing path.
 The rotation of the beam 65, i.e. running gears 10, at an angle (Fig. 11) provides strong support to the lift 3 with four wheels 66 on the enveloping path 11, even when moving along a bevel, for example, when moving from the main path to the disassembled section or with roughness of the enveloping path. In addition, the lift 3 thus avoids mechanical stress.
 The mobility of the struts 62 in the guide cylinders 60 and their variable length provide a large radius of action of the lift 3. The lifting of the track element can be carried out in two stages. First, the supporting frame 5 with the transverse beam 57 is lifted under the action of the cylinders 61, and then the lifting operation continues by releasing the elements 64 from the guide elements 63.
 Due to the described device design and method of its use, only one gantry crane is required. Additional gantry cranes, which were necessary in other devices, replaced, in accordance with the invention, on the lift 3.
 Replacing complex cranes and expensive relatively simple hoist mechanisms makes the device incomparably more economical and easy to use.
 In addition, these elevators are simple to implement and manage, can replace cranes in special operations where expensive gantry cranes were still indispensable.
 Removing the old switch as well as installing a new one can be done in 10-15 minutes with trained personnel. During installation and removal of the turnout switch, and loading and unloading of bogies, its horizontalness can be controlled automatically. To this end, the tracked carts 7 and 8 of the gantry crane 1 are hydraulically controlled so that the support frames are always at the same height and in the same plane. Due to this, the transported object, shapeless and nonequilibrium, is not subjected to mechanical stress and bending.
 In accordance with the size and shape of the path element, the corresponding number of bogies 2 and hoists 3 is added to the gantry crane 1. Due to the lateral movement of the gantry crane racks 1 and hoists 3 and the selected movement of the grippers, you can always take the element exactly in the center. Between the caterpillars of the portal there is a free space of 5.35-5.7 m. This distance allows you to go with the turnout between the racks or tracked carts and makes possible a lateral change in the position of the turnout.

Claims (10)

 1. A device for laying and replacing elements of a railway track, comprising a gantry crane and at least two freight trolleys moving along a railway track, characterized in that it is provided with elevators of track elements with running gears for moving along a railway track and along an enclosing track, and the portal crane is made with caterpillar and railway carts for its movement.
 2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the gantry crane includes a longitudinal telescopic beam with grips for rails, and the railway trolleys are mounted on the frame of the gantry crane using brackets rotatable by the actuators, and the caterpillar trolleys with the possibility of height adjustment on vertical racks .
 3. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the grips for the rails are mounted with the possibility of movement along the height and across the device, and the specified beam is mounted on the frame of the gantry crane with the possibility of rotation in the horizontal plane.
 4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that each elevator of the track elements is made with grippers for rails.
 5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that each elevator of the track elements comprises a support frame supported by running gears for moving along the railway track, a telescopic beam pivotally mounted on the support frame and vertical racks mounted at the ends of the telescopic beam with the possibility of rearranging height driven.
 6. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that the vertical racks are fixed at the ends of the movable elements of the telescopic beam with the possibility of movement relative to the central element of this beam.
7. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that the telescopic beam of each elevator of the track elements is mounted on a support frame with the possibility of rotation in a horizontal plane at an angle of 90 o .
 8. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that it is equipped with grippers for rails mounted on a support frame with the possibility of rearrangement in height and movement across the device.
 9. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the cargo trolleys are made with cargo pads connected to the mechanisms for moving them in height with remote control.
 10. The method of replacing elements of the railway track, which consists in removing the old track elements with a gantry crane, stacking them on freight trolleys, moving these trolleys to the dismantling area of the old track elements, moving the new track elements on freight trolleys to the laying area and laying new elements a gantry crane, characterized in that the gantry crane is used as a tractor for moving freight carts, and the movement of track elements between freight carts and the dismantling zone of old track elements at LadKom new path elements is performed by means of hoists path elements moved by enveloping path.
SU5052550 1991-03-22 1992-08-25 Device for laying and replacing members of railway track and method for replacing members of railway track RU2072015C1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR9103532A FR2674266B1 (en) 1991-03-22 1991-03-22
SU5052550 RU2072015C1 (en) 1991-03-22 1992-08-25 Device for laying and replacing members of railway track and method for replacing members of railway track

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR9103532A FR2674266B1 (en) 1991-03-22 1991-03-22
DE1992604189 DE69204189T2 (en) 1991-03-22 1992-03-12 Device for moving and replacing railway elements and method for using this device.
AT92400657T AT126850T (en) 1991-03-22 1992-03-12 Device for connecting and replacing railway elements and method for using this device.
EP19920400657 EP0505240B1 (en) 1991-03-22 1992-03-12 Device for placing and replacing rail components and procedure for using this device
SU5052550 RU2072015C1 (en) 1991-03-22 1992-08-25 Device for laying and replacing members of railway track and method for replacing members of railway track

Publications (1)

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RU2072015C1 true RU2072015C1 (en) 1997-01-20

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SU5052550 RU2072015C1 (en) 1991-03-22 1992-08-25 Device for laying and replacing members of railway track and method for replacing members of railway track

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EP (1) EP0505240B1 (en)
AT (1) AT126850T (en)
DE (1) DE69204189T2 (en)
FR (1) FR2674266B1 (en)
RU (1) RU2072015C1 (en)

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RU170739U1 (en) * 2016-07-11 2017-05-04 Федеральное государственное казенное военное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "ВОЕННАЯ АКАДЕМИЯ МАТЕРИАЛЬНО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКОГО ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЯ имени генерала армии А.В. Хрулева" Railway stacker

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FR2780993B1 (en) * 1998-07-10 2000-10-13 Fassetta Mecanique Method and device for laying track element by tracked lorries
AT413710B (en) * 2004-03-30 2006-05-15 Plasser Bahnbaumasch Franz Transport vehicle and method
US7350467B2 (en) 2004-08-20 2008-04-01 Loram Maintenance Of Way, Inc. Long rail pick-up and delivery system
FR2952656B1 (en) * 2009-11-16 2012-12-14 Geismar Ancien Ets L Method and system for extending a railway path
AT517023B1 (en) * 2015-03-17 2017-12-15 Plasser & Theurer Export Von Bahnbaumaschinen Gmbh Soft trolley
CN104727194B (en) * 2015-04-01 2016-07-20 武桥重工集团股份有限公司 A kind of can with carry traversing cross-line railway track laying machine
DE102016006799A1 (en) 2016-06-07 2017-12-07 MATISA Matériel Industriel S.A. Gantry crane for transporting track yokes

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FR1076144A (en) * 1952-11-25 1954-10-22 Method and device for lifting and leveling railway tracks
AT383839B (en) * 1984-04-10 1987-08-25 Plasser Bahnbaumasch Franz Mobile system and method for recording and or laying track yocks
DE3762247D1 (en) * 1987-01-29 1990-05-17 Plasser Bahnbaumasch Franz PLANT FOR PICKING UP OR LAYING AND TRANSPORTING TRACK YOCKS.

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Cited By (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU170739U1 (en) * 2016-07-11 2017-05-04 Федеральное государственное казенное военное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "ВОЕННАЯ АКАДЕМИЯ МАТЕРИАЛЬНО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКОГО ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЯ имени генерала армии А.В. Хрулева" Railway stacker

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EP0505240B1 (en) 1995-08-23
DE69204189D1 (en) 1995-09-28
EP0505240A1 (en) 1992-09-23
AT126850T (en) 1995-09-15
DE69204189T2 (en) 1996-04-25
FR2674266B1 (en) 1994-12-23
FR2674266A1 (en) 1992-09-25

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