RU188307U1 - Engine - Google Patents

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Publication number
RU188307U1
RU188307U1 RU2019103054U RU2019103054U RU188307U1 RU 188307 U1 RU188307 U1 RU 188307U1 RU 2019103054 U RU2019103054 U RU 2019103054U RU 2019103054 U RU2019103054 U RU 2019103054U RU 188307 U1 RU188307 U1 RU 188307U1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
engine
compressor
rotor
working chambers
parts
Prior art date
Application number
RU2019103054U
Other languages
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Юрий Иосипович Новицкий
Original Assignee
Юрий Иосипович Новицкий
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Юрий Иосипович Новицкий filed Critical Юрий Иосипович Новицкий
Priority to RU2019103054U priority Critical patent/RU188307U1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU188307U1 publication Critical patent/RU188307U1/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01CROTARY-PISTON OR OSCILLATING-PISTON MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F01C11/00Combinations of two or more machines or engines, each being of rotary-piston or oscillating-piston type
    • F01C11/002Combinations of two or more machines or engines, each being of rotary-piston or oscillating-piston type of similar working principle
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B53/00Internal-combustion aspects of rotary-piston or oscillating-piston engines
    • F02B53/04Charge admission or combustion-gas discharge
    • F02B53/08Charging, e.g. by means of rotary-piston pump
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/12Improving ICE efficiencies

Abstract

The utility model relates to rotary internal combustion engines. The technical result is an increase in power. The essence of the utility model is that the engine consists of a motor part, compressor parts and guide parts, which are separated by side walls and provided with common plates for the entire engine. The plates in the engine part and in the compressor parts form the working chambers. To increase the air filling of the working chambers in the compressor part, radial channels are made in the side walls of the compressor part, connected to a window in the engine housing. The channels are brought into that part of the space of the working chambers, which is placed in the radial direction near the rotor of the engine. In the circumferential direction, the channel is located in the zone in which the volume of the working chambers of the compressor part increases during engine operation. 2 ill.

Description

The utility model relates to engine building, namely to internal combustion engines with rotating rotors.
Known rotary piston machine according to the patent of the Russian Federation No. 2255226, which has a housing with a cavity and a rotor, in the grooves of which are placed plates related to the compressor unit, and plates related to the engine are installed through the dividing wall on the rotor. The combustible mixture enters the working chambers of the compressor unit through the inlet and a compression process is going on in the working chambers. After compression, the combustible mixture through the channel in the wall enters the working chamber of the engine, where ignition and combustion take place. Exhaust fumes are exhausted into the exhaust duct. The rotation of the axis coinciding with the axis of the housing occurs due to the interaction of the plates with the rotor in the slots of the rotor. Power is removed from the rotor.
The disadvantage of this rotary piston machine is the low reliability caused by the friction of the plates in the grooves of the rotor of the engine. Since fuel is combusted in the working chamber, the metal temperature in the contact zone of the plates and the rotor is high, which leads to rapid wear of the rubbing surfaces.
Known rotary vane internal combustion engine (RF patent No. 2413853). The engine consists of a housing with a cavity in which a rotor with rotor blades and a copier are mounted, which is installed in the housing with an eccentricity to the rotor axis. During engine operation, the rotor blades rotate with the rotor and at the same time make radial movements, rolling with rollers along the ring tracks of the copier. There is a connection between the working blades and the copier, which allows the blades to contact the internal cavity of the housing only with sealing elements. The combustion of fuel occurs in the working chambers, the pressure difference in the working chambers causes the rotor to rotate.
The disadvantage of this rotary vane engine is the low reliability caused by the friction of the plates in the grooves of the rotor of the engine. It is the effect of the plates on the rotor in the grooves that forces the engine rotor to rotate. Since the interaction takes place near the fuel combustion zone, the temperature of the blades and rotor will be very high, which will lead to the failure of the blades.
A rotary engine was adopted for the prototype (patent for a utility model of the Russian Federation No. 186583). The rotary engine consists of a housing with a cavity in which the rotor is placed, equipped with radial slots with guide elements and plates placed in them, forming working chambers of variable volume in communication with the combustion chamber. The rotary engine contains a motor part, compressor parts and guide parts, which are separated by walls and have a common plate. It is in the guide part that the force interaction between the plates and the rotor is carried out, which increases the reliability of the engine.
The disadvantage of the prototype is that the air supply to the compressor parts is through windows in the housing, located opposite the working chambers of the compressor parts. In this case, when the engine is running, centrifugal force counteracts the intake of air, which affects the filling of the working chambers of the compressor parts and reduces the engine power.
The objective of this utility model is to create an engine with high power by increasing the air filling of the working chambers of the compressor parts during engine operation.
The problem is solved in that the engine consists of a housing, a rotor equipped with radial slots, with plates placed in them, forming working chambers of variable volume in communication with the combustion chamber. It also contains the motor part, compressor parts and guide parts in which the guide elements are placed. Also, the engine part, compressor and guide parts are separated by side walls. In addition, the side walls of the compressor parts contain radial channels connecting the windows made in the engine casing and placed opposite the side walls with the working chambers of the compressor parts. Moreover, the channels in the side walls are connected to that part of the space of the working chambers of the compressor parts, which is placed in the radial direction, near the engine rotor.
In FIG. 1 shows a fragment of an engine.
In FIG. 2 shows the compressor part of the engine.
The engine of FIG. 1 and 2 contains guide parts 1, placed outside the compressor parts 2 in the axial direction. Also, the compressor parts are placed along the edges of the motor part 3 in the axial direction. The engine part and the compressor part contain working chambers 4, which form plates 5 located in the slots of the rotor 6. (The designations for the plates, working chambers and rotor for the motor part and for the compressor parts are the same). The plates in the engine are made as a single unit. The compressor parts of the engine are separated from the engine part and from the guide parts by the side walls 7, in which radial channels 8 are made, connecting the windows in the engine housing with the working chambers of the compressor parts. Moreover, the channels in the side walls are connected to that part of the space of the working chambers of the compressor parts, which is placed in the radial direction, near the engine rotor and is adjacent to the engine rotor. Arrow B shows the flow of air into the channels made in the side walls of the compressor parts of the engine. In the circumferential direction, the channel is located in the zone in which the volume of the working chambers of the compressor part increases during engine operation. Compressed air is removed through window 9. The engine contains sealing elements 10, the rotor rotates on bearings 11. The direction of rotation of the rotor is shown by arrow A.
When the engine is running, the working fluid enters the engine part 3, into the working chambers 4 of the engine part, which form plates 5 placed in the slots of the rotor 6. As a result of the pressure of the working medium on the plates, the rotor rotates. The force interaction between the plates and the rotor of the engine is carried out in the guide parts 1, which are located outside the flow parts of both the motor part and the compressor parts 2, in the axial direction, where the temperature is low. Air enters the compressor parts through radial channels 8 made in the side walls 7, by which the working chambers of the compressor parts are separated from the guide parts 1 and from the motor part. Arrow B shows the direction of air flow into the channel, and air enters that part of the space of the working chambers of the compressor parts, which is placed in the radial direction, near the rotor of the engine, that is, adjacent to the rotor of the engine. The centrifugal force arising from the rotation of the rotor throws air in the radial direction from the rotor of the engine, and the pressure at this point will be lower than at places farther from the center of rotation of the rotor. This will increase the filling of the working chambers with air and, accordingly, increase engine power. In the circumferential direction, the channel is located in the zone in which the volume of the working chambers of the compressor part increases during engine operation.

Claims (2)

1. The engine, consisting of a housing, a rotor equipped with radial slots, with plates placed in them, forming working chambers of variable volume in communication with the combustion chamber, also containing a motor part, compressor parts and guide parts in which the guide elements are placed, in addition , the engine part, compressor and guide parts are separated by side walls, characterized in that the side walls of the compressor parts contain radial channels connecting the windows made in rpuse motor and arranged opposite the side wall, with the working chambers of compressor parts.
2. The engine according to paragraph 1, characterized in that the channels in the side walls are connected to that part of the space of the working chambers of the compressor parts, which is placed in the radial direction, near the rotor of the engine.
RU2019103054U 2019-02-04 2019-02-04 Engine RU188307U1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2019103054U RU188307U1 (en) 2019-02-04 2019-02-04 Engine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2019103054U RU188307U1 (en) 2019-02-04 2019-02-04 Engine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
RU188307U1 true RU188307U1 (en) 2019-04-05

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
RU2019103054U RU188307U1 (en) 2019-02-04 2019-02-04 Engine

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RU (1) RU188307U1 (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3970050A (en) * 1975-03-07 1976-07-20 Hoadley Harry W Two-stage rotary engines
US4476826A (en) * 1982-09-29 1984-10-16 William R. And Zella B. Stephens Trust Vane type rotary internal combustion engine with transfer valve in rotor
RU2140544C1 (en) * 1997-08-11 1999-10-27 Савенко Петр Николаевич Machine
RU2190103C1 (en) * 2001-03-20 2002-09-27 Научно-производственная компания "Урал-Новатор" Vane machine
RU186583U1 (en) * 2018-10-15 2019-01-24 Юрий Иосипович Новицкий Rotary engine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3970050A (en) * 1975-03-07 1976-07-20 Hoadley Harry W Two-stage rotary engines
US4476826A (en) * 1982-09-29 1984-10-16 William R. And Zella B. Stephens Trust Vane type rotary internal combustion engine with transfer valve in rotor
RU2140544C1 (en) * 1997-08-11 1999-10-27 Савенко Петр Николаевич Machine
RU2190103C1 (en) * 2001-03-20 2002-09-27 Научно-производственная компания "Урал-Новатор" Vane machine
RU186583U1 (en) * 2018-10-15 2019-01-24 Юрий Иосипович Новицкий Rotary engine

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