RU179784U1 - Magnetic simulator for classes on the restoration of spatial memory in patients of a neurological clinic by storing table elements - Google Patents

Magnetic simulator for classes on the restoration of spatial memory in patients of a neurological clinic by storing table elements Download PDF

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Publication number
RU179784U1
RU179784U1 RU2018101154U RU2018101154U RU179784U1 RU 179784 U1 RU179784 U1 RU 179784U1 RU 2018101154 U RU2018101154 U RU 2018101154U RU 2018101154 U RU2018101154 U RU 2018101154U RU 179784 U1 RU179784 U1 RU 179784U1
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patients
mm
table
classes
magnetic
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RU2018101154U
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Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко
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Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/16Devices for psychotechnics; Testing reaction times ; Devices for evaluating the psychological state

Abstract

The utility model relates to medicine, to the section of neurology and neuropsychology, and can be used in neurorehabilitation departments of neurological and neurosurgical clinics when conducting classes to restore impaired spatial memory in patients with a neurological clinic with organic brain diseases of various etiologies. A useful model contains a square made of plastic a box-shaped body (1) with a side size of 120 to 220 mm, a height of 10-20 mm, inside of which the surface of the bottom is rigidly behind a work plate (2) made of metal with magnetic properties is fastened with a thickness of 0.5-1 mm, the shape and size of which correspond to the shape and size of the bottom of the case (1), and a table is made on the front surface of the work plate (2), consisting of identical the size of square cells (3) on which the magnet chips are placed, while part of the square cells (3) of the working plate (2), located on two diagonals of the table, is made darker in comparison with other square cells (3) having a bright color. Declared utility model. allows you to carry out classes on the restoration of impaired spatial memory by storing table elements with a wide contingent of patients in a neurological clinic, including patients with tremor of the hands and impaired fine motor skills. An important value of the magnetic simulator is that its use introduces an element into the process of recovery classes with patients novelties, turning them into a fascinating and interesting psychological training for patients.

Description

This useful model relates to medicine, to the section of neurology and neuropsychology, and can be used in the departments of neurorehabilitation of neurological and neurosurgical clinics when conducting classes to restore spatial memory in patients of a neurological clinic by memorizing table elements.

Spatial memory is one of the types of memory aimed at remembering the spatial location of objects, people, physical stimuli (National Psychological Encyclopedia, Spatial memory, found on 01.10.18 on the Internet at http://vocabulary.ru/termin/prostranstvennaja-pamjat .html).

Like other types of human memory, spatial memory is impaired in various organic diseases of the brain, associated primarily with damage to the tertiary parietal-temporal-occipital departments of the cerebral cortex.

At present, one of the most common methods for recovering spatial memory in patients with a neurological clinic is the method of storing table elements, for the practical implementation of which various printing simulators and devices are used.

So, a simulator is known in which several tables consisting of nine cells are located on a printed sheet, each of which contains points in separate cells. The practitioner needs to remember the location of the points in one of the tables, after which, turning the page, put the points in one of the similar tables located on the back of the simulator's printed sheet. Next, turn the page and remember the location of the points in another table, etc. (Gavrina S.E., Kutyavina N.L., Toporkova I.G., Scherbinina S.V. Memory. Workbook, CJSC ROSMEN, OJSC IPK Chuvashia, 2014, p. 17, 18) .

The disadvantages of this printing simulator when using it for classes to restore spatial memory in patients with a neurological clinic by the method of memorizing table elements are:

a) the working material of this simulator can be used only once, since after placing the points in the cells of the table on the paper sheet there is a trace from the writing instrument;

b) insufficient amount of working material contained in this printing simulator for conducting long courses of rehabilitation education;

c) the difficulty of patients self-checking the correctness of the tasks in the course of independent studies, since the patient needs to compare tables located on different sides of the simulator printed sheet;

d) the need for a solid horizontal surface to perform graphic operations on the printed sheets of the simulator;

e) low interest in classes with materials of printing simulators in a number of patients in a neurological clinic due to the monotony of working with them.

Also known is a simulator in which a square table of 25 cells is located on a printed sheet, some of whose cells (12 pieces) are highlighted in dark. The student needs to try to remember the image, then draw a similar table on a previously prepared sheet of paper and color the cells that he remembered from memory (Mighty A. Memory super-simulator. Simulator book for your brain, Moscow: ACT publishing house, 2016, p. 130 )

The disadvantages of this simulator when using it for classes on the restoration of impaired spatial memory in patients with a neurological clinic "by the method of memorizing table elements are:

a) distraction of the patient to perform a secondary action: drawing a table;

b) the difficulty of drawing a table for patients in a neurological clinic with the presence of hand tremors and impaired fine motor skills;

c) insufficient amount of working material contained in this simulator for conducting long courses of restoration of impaired spatial memory;

d) low interest in occupations with materials of printing simulators in a number of patients in a neurological clinic due to the monotony of working with them.

Also known from the existing level of technology is “A simulator device for training to restore impaired spatial memory in patients of a neurological clinic” (Patent RU 168971 U1, published 02.28.2017).

Structurally, this device consists of a plastic case with a height of 20-30 mm and a size of 100 × 100 to 200 × 200 mm, inside which an LED backlight is installed, and in the upper part of the case there are fixed transparent and matte plates, between which there is an internal cavity into which are laid work cards containing tables, some of the cells of which are highlighted in dark color or contain certain images, for example, images of letters. Hidden from the patient, thanks to the matte plate, dark-colored cells or cells with letter images become visible after the LED backlight is turned on for a certain time. The patient needs to remember the location of the dark colored cells of the table or cells with letter images, and after turning off the LED backlight, mark them with a marker on the surface of the matte plate from memory.

The disadvantages of this simulator when using it for classes to restore impaired spatial memory in patients with a neurological clinic by the method of memorizing table elements are:

a) difficulties in performing graphic actions for patients of a neurological clinic with the presence of hand tremor or impaired fine motor skills;

b) the technical complexity of the device, which includes electronic components (LEDs, timers, dimmer, etc.)

In order to overcome the above drawbacks, a “Magnetic simulator for training to restore spatial memory in patients of a neurological clinic by the method of memorizing table elements” (hereinafter referred to as “magnetic simulator”) was developed.

The tasks to be solved by the claimed technical solution are:

a) providing the opportunity to practice with a "magnetic simulator" for patients in a neurological clinic with the presence of hand tremors and impaired fine motor skills;

b) the simplicity of the design of the "magnetic simulator", providing the possibility of its widespread implementation in the practice of working with patients;

c) the use of ready-made elements in the "magnetic simulator" that reduce its cost and simplify manufacturing.

The technical result of the claimed utility model is to expand the functionality of the "Device simulator for classes to restore impaired spatial memory in patients of a neurological clinic," provided by the structural elements of the inventive "magnetic simulator", allowing classes to restore impaired spatial memory by storing table elements with a wide contingent of patients in a neurological clinic, including patients with hand tremor and Rushen fine motor skills.

This technical result is achieved due to the fact that the “magnetic simulator” contains a square box-shaped body made of plastic, with a side size of 120 to 220 mm, a height of 10-20 mm, inside of which a metal made with magnetic properties is rigidly fixed on the bottom surface a work plate with a thickness of 0.5-1 mm, the shape and size of which correspond to the shape and size of the bottom of the case, and on the front surface of the work plate there is a table consisting of square cells of the same size, on which fi ki-magnets, with a portion of square cells operating plate located on the two diagonals of the table is made darker than the other square cells having a light color.

In a preferred embodiment of the “magnetic simulator”, the thickness of the bottom of the body is 2-3 mm, and the wall thickness is 2-5 mm.

In a preferred embodiment of the “magnetic simulator”, a table applied to the surface of the working plate may include from 9 to 36 square cells.

In a preferred embodiment of the “magnetic simulator”, the chip magnets placed in the cells of the table of the working plate can vary in color, shape, and also the symbols contained on them.

The essence of the utility model "Magnetic simulator for classes on the restoration of spatial memory in patients of a neurological clinic by the method of storing table elements" is illustrated by the drawings, which depict:

In FIG. 1 is a general view of a “magnetic simulator” without chips-magnets (in the given example, the working plate is divided into 25 cells);

In FIG. 2 is a general view of the “magnetic simulator” with a set of 8 magnet chips;

In FIG. 3 - an example of a work card intended for use in the classroom with a "magnetic simulator";

In FIG. 4 - "magnetic simulator" with chips-magnets located in accordance with the task of the working card.

The inventive "magnetic simulator" is a square box-shaped body made of plastic (1), with a side size of 120 to 220 mm, a height of 10-20 mm, a bottom thickness of 2-3 mm, a wall thickness of 2-5 mm (see FIG. . one).

Inside the case (1) on the bottom surface, a work plate (2) 0.5-1 mm thick made of metal with magnetic properties (for example steel) is rigidly fixed, the shape and size of which correspond to the shape and size of the bottom of the case (1).

On the front surface of the working plate (2), horizontal and vertical lines are marked (for example, with dark paint) in the form of a table that includes from 9 to 36 square cells (3) of the same size, designed to accommodate magnet chips (4) (see Fig. 2).

Moreover, the number of square cells (3) in the horizontal and vertical rows of the table are the same, and the size of the square cell (3) depends on the size of the working plate (2) and the total number of cells located on it (3).

As chips-magnets (4) in work with the “magnetic simulator” magnets for blackboards can be used, having different shapes (square, round, etc.) and different colors.

For example, square magnets “J.Otten“ Square ”” can be used (Computer supermarket LIST, Magnets for a board 30 mm 8 pcs / pack square in J.Otten “Square” blister art. 300, found on 10.01.2018 .on the Internet at http://shop.evrolist.ru/magnit-ddoski-30mm-8shtup-kvadratnye-v-blist-jotten-kvadrat-art300-st8/)

Each “J.Often Square” magnet is a square plastic chip 30 × 30 mm in size, which makes it easy and convenient to move around the surface of the work plate (2).

Magnets for blackboards that contain images of numbers or other symbols can also be used as chip magnets, for example, the J.Otten “Numbers” magnet (LIST Computer Supermarket, Magnet for whiteboard 30 mm, 10 pcs / pack, round in blister J.Otten "Figures" art. 7077, found January 10, 2018 on the Internet at http://shop.evrolist.ru/magnit-ddoski-29mm-10shtup-kruglye-v-blist-j otten- tsifry-art2691-st10 /).

Each magnet “J.Otten“ Numbers ”” represents a plastic chip of a round shape, with a diameter of 29 mm, on the front surface of which an image of one of the numbers is made (from 1 to 10).

Part of the square cells (3) of the working plate (2), located on two diagonals of the table, is made darker in comparison with the other square cells (3), which are light in color, which facilitates the patient's orientation in the table with cells (3), on which magnet chips are located (4).

Thus, thanks to the use of magnet chips (4), fixed on the surface of the working plate (2) due to magnetic forces, it becomes possible to conduct classes with patients who have tremor of the hands and impaired fine motor skills.

The “magnetic simulator” package includes a printed manual consisting of 20-30 working cards (5).

Each work card (5) from the front and back contains a task for memorization, which is a table (see Fig. 3), similar to the table on the work plate. At the same time, the table of each working card (5) contains images (6) of magnet chips arranged in random order.

The number of magnet chips (4) used during classes with the “magnetic simulator” is determined based on the number of images (6) of magnet chips on the currently used work card (5).

Due to the square shape of the work card (5), it can be located in four different positions, as a result of which the volume of exercises with each work card (5) increases four times, which is important for long-term recovery courses of impaired spatial memory.

For storage and transportation of the “magnetic simulator” a cover made of their fabric material is used (not shown in the figures).

The "Magnetic simulator for classes on the restoration of spatial memory in patients of a neurological clinic by the method of memorizing table elements" works as follows:

At the beginning of the lesson using the “magnetic simulator”, the specialist selects one of the work cards (5) of a certain degree of difficulty (see Fig. 3), and removes excess magnet magnets (4) from the work plate (2) of the “magnetic simulator” in this way so that the number of remaining magnet chips (4) corresponds to the number of images (6) of magnet chips on the used work card (5).

The degree of difficulty of the tasks used in the classroom with a "magnetic simulator" is determined by:

a) the number of images (6) of the magnet chips on the working card (5) (the more images (6) of the magnet chips the patient must remember, the more difficult the task is);

b) the external features of the images (6) of the magnet chips and the corresponding real magnet chips (4) (if the images (6) of the magnet chips have the same shape and differ in color, and the patient must remember and reproduce their spatial location taking into account their colors, then this task is more complicated compared to storing images (6) of magnet chips of the same color).

Next, the patient for 15-20 seconds remembers the spatial arrangement of the images (6) of the magnet chips in the table of the work card (5), and then closes the used work card (5) with a blank sheet of paper.

After this, the patient should try to reproduce from memory the spatial arrangement of the images (6) of the magnet chips by placing the real magnet chips (4) in the same square cells (3) of the table on the working plate (2) of the “magnetic simulator”.

If the patient, in the course of the task, has difficulty finding the spatial location of a magnet chip (4), he can briefly lift a sheet of paper covering the work card (5), thus receiving a hint.

After mastering the work with the “magnetic simulator” under the guidance of a specialist, patients get the opportunity to carry out independent classes.

As patients achieve positive results in the restoration of spatial memory, a gradual complication of tasks occurs by:

a) reducing the time during which the patient remembers the location of the images (6) of chip-magnets on the working card (5);

b) increasing the number and variety of external features of images (6) of magnet chips remembered by the patient.

Along with the use of a "magnetic simulator" for classes to restore impaired spatial memory in patients with a neurological clinic, it can be widely used in the following cases:

a) when conducting classes on preventive training of spatial memory in patients with a neurological clinic;

b) when conducting correctional and developmental classes with children with impaired spatial memory;

c) during neurocognitive trainings with people of advanced and senile age;

d) as an exciting game for training spatial memory in healthy children and adults.

Thus, the claimed "magnetic simulator" due to its design features allows classes to restore impaired spatial memory by storing table elements with a wide contingent of patients in a neurological clinic, including patients with hand tremors and impaired fine motor skills.

The importance of the “magnetic simulator” lies in the fact that its use introduces an element of novelty into the process of rehabilitation classes with patients, turning them into a psychological training that is fascinating and interesting for patients.

Claims (4)

1. A magnetic simulator for classes on the restoration of spatial memory in patients of a neurological clinic by storing table elements, characterized in that it contains a square box-shaped box made of plastic with side sizes from 120 to 220 mm, a height of 10-20 mm, inside of which on the surface the bottom is rigidly fixed made of metal with magnetic properties of a working plate with a thickness of 0.5-1 mm, the shape and size of which correspond to the shape and size of the bottom of the body, and on the front surface of the working plate n worn table consisting of equal-sized square cells on which chips are placed magnets with a portion of square cells operating plate located on the two diagonals of the table is made darker than the other square cells having a light color.
2. The magnetic simulator according to claim 1, characterized in that the thickness of the bottom of the housing is 2-3 mm, and the wall thickness is 2-5 mm.
3. The magnetic simulator according to claim 1, characterized in that the table applied to the surface of the working plate can include from 9 to 36 square cells.
4. The magnetic simulator according to claim 1, characterized in that the chips magnets placed in the cells of the table of the working plate can vary in color, shape, and also the symbols contained on them.
RU2018101154U 2018-01-12 2018-01-12 Magnetic simulator for classes on the restoration of spatial memory in patients of a neurological clinic by storing table elements RU179784U1 (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU182947U1 (en) * 2018-07-01 2018-09-06 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко The simulator-circle for classes on the development of motor functions of the hands in patients of a neurological clinic
RU184081U1 (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-10-15 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко Simulator-scoop for classes on the development of motor functions of the hands in patients with a neurological clinic
RU184395U1 (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-10-24 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко The simulator palette for classes on the restoration of fine motor skills and visual-spatial memory in patients with a neurological clinic
RU184498U1 (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-10-29 Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение "Научный центр неврологии" (ФГБНУ НЦН) Tabletop simulator for independent homework to restore fine motor skills and visual-spatial memory in neurological patients
RU184711U1 (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-11-06 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко Ladle simulator for classes on the development of motor functions of the hands in patients with a neurological clinic
RU185361U1 (en) * 2018-08-25 2018-12-03 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко The simulator plate for classes to restore spatial perception in patients with a neurological clinic
RU186559U1 (en) * 2018-09-15 2019-01-23 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко Shovel simulator for classes on the development of motor functions of the hands in patients with a neurological clinic
RU186615U1 (en) * 2018-08-31 2019-01-24 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко Magnetic simulator for classes to restore spatial perception in patients with a neurological clinic
RU186679U1 (en) * 2018-09-03 2019-01-29 Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение "Научный центр неврологии" (ФГБНУ НЦН) The simulator for classes on the restoration of intellectual activity and spatial memory in patients with neurological memory
RU186680U1 (en) * 2018-09-03 2019-01-29 Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение "Научный центр неврологии" (ФГБНУ НЦН) Magnetic simulator for classes on the restoration of spatial perception and spatial memory in patients of a neurological clinic

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU164606U1 (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-09-10 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко Simulator for lessons to restore the process of attention, visual and spatial perception and memory in patients of a neurological clinic
RU168973U1 (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-02-28 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко Device-simulator for classes on the restoration of intellectual activity in patients of a neurological clinic
RU168971U1 (en) * 2016-10-10 2017-02-28 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко The device simulator for classes to restore impaired spatial memory in patients with a neurological clinic
RU169473U1 (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-03-21 Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение "Научный центр неврологии" (ФГБНУ НЦН) The simulator device for the formation of tasks during classes to restore visual-spatial memory in patients with a neurological clinic

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU164606U1 (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-09-10 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко Simulator for lessons to restore the process of attention, visual and spatial perception and memory in patients of a neurological clinic
RU168971U1 (en) * 2016-10-10 2017-02-28 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко The device simulator for classes to restore impaired spatial memory in patients with a neurological clinic
RU168973U1 (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-02-28 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко Device-simulator for classes on the restoration of intellectual activity in patients of a neurological clinic
RU169473U1 (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-03-21 Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение "Научный центр неврологии" (ФГБНУ НЦН) The simulator device for the formation of tasks during classes to restore visual-spatial memory in patients with a neurological clinic

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU184395U1 (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-10-24 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко The simulator palette for classes on the restoration of fine motor skills and visual-spatial memory in patients with a neurological clinic
RU184395U9 (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-11-21 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко The simulator palette for classes on the restoration of fine motor skills and visual-spatial memory in patients with a neurological clinic
RU184498U1 (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-10-29 Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение "Научный центр неврологии" (ФГБНУ НЦН) Tabletop simulator for independent homework to restore fine motor skills and visual-spatial memory in neurological patients
RU182947U1 (en) * 2018-07-01 2018-09-06 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко The simulator-circle for classes on the development of motor functions of the hands in patients of a neurological clinic
RU184081U1 (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-10-15 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко Simulator-scoop for classes on the development of motor functions of the hands in patients with a neurological clinic
RU184711U1 (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-11-06 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко Ladle simulator for classes on the development of motor functions of the hands in patients with a neurological clinic
RU185361U1 (en) * 2018-08-25 2018-12-03 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко The simulator plate for classes to restore spatial perception in patients with a neurological clinic
RU186615U1 (en) * 2018-08-31 2019-01-24 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко Magnetic simulator for classes to restore spatial perception in patients with a neurological clinic
RU186679U1 (en) * 2018-09-03 2019-01-29 Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение "Научный центр неврологии" (ФГБНУ НЦН) The simulator for classes on the restoration of intellectual activity and spatial memory in patients with neurological memory
RU186680U1 (en) * 2018-09-03 2019-01-29 Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение "Научный центр неврологии" (ФГБНУ НЦН) Magnetic simulator for classes on the restoration of spatial perception and spatial memory in patients of a neurological clinic
RU186679U9 (en) * 2018-09-03 2019-07-15 Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение "Научный центр неврологии" (ФГБНУ НЦН) Simulator for classes on the restoration of intellectual activity and spatial memory in patients with a neurological clinic
RU186559U1 (en) * 2018-09-15 2019-01-23 Леонид Евгеньевич Селявко Shovel simulator for classes on the development of motor functions of the hands in patients with a neurological clinic

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