RU179113U1 - Device for fastening sheet materials - Google Patents

Device for fastening sheet materials Download PDF

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Publication number
RU179113U1
RU179113U1 RU2017138286U RU2017138286U RU179113U1 RU 179113 U1 RU179113 U1 RU 179113U1 RU 2017138286 U RU2017138286 U RU 2017138286U RU 2017138286 U RU2017138286 U RU 2017138286U RU 179113 U1 RU179113 U1 RU 179113U1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
sealing
profile
base
attached
shelves
Prior art date
Application number
RU2017138286U
Other languages
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Дмитрий Александрович Помогайбо
Original Assignee
Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Торгово-Строительная Компания Империя"
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Priority to RU2017138286U priority Critical patent/RU179113U1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU179113U1 publication Critical patent/RU179113U1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/36Connecting; Fastening

Abstract

The utility model relates to the field of construction. The device comprises a clamping profile 1 made symmetrical in cross section. The clamping profile 1 has a base 2 with two walls 3, upper shelves 4 and lower shelves 5, outer walls 6, squares. An upper shelf 4 and a lower shelf 5 are attached to each wall 3 by one of its ends. Each outer wall 6 is attached to the other ends of the corresponding upper flange 4 and lower flange 5. To the end of each outer wall 6 is attached a first elbow 7 facing the base 2. To each lower flange 5 in its middle part is attached a second elbow 8 facing the first square 7. Technical result: increase in fastening strength.

Description

The technical field to which the utility model relates.
The utility model relates to construction and can be used in the construction of roofs, facades and other structures requiring the connection of sheet materials, such as roofing iron, plastic, glass, polycarbonate, plexiglass, plywood, sheet cladding materials and others on horizontal, inclined and vertical surfaces .
State of the art
As a prototype, a known device for fastening sheet material containing a clamping profile (patent RU 2250969, published on 04.24.2005) was selected. This known tool requires the trough-like ends of the mating sheets of material and does not allow to effectively connect flat sheets without additional operations.
Utility Model Essence
This utility model solves the problem of reliable connection of any flat sheet materials without their preliminary preparation.
In the course of solving this problem, a technical result is achieved, which consists in ensuring the strength of the fastening of a wide range of sheet materials having various physical, mechanical and geometric characteristics, throughout the entire period of their operation.
This technical result is achieved by the fact that the device for fastening sheet materials contains a clamping profile made symmetrical in cross section, the clamping profile has a base with two walls, upper and lower shelves, outer walls, squares, with upper and lower shelves attached to each wall one of its ends, each outer wall is attached to the other ends of the corresponding upper and lower shelves, to the end of each outer wall is attached the first elbow facing the base, to each bo ttom shelf in the middle portion of the second fixed angle, facing the first gon.
The specified technical result is also achieved by the fact that the profile is made of aluminum material.
The specified technical result is also achieved by the fact that the device contains a removable cover, protrusions are formed in the upper part of each upper shelf, which are used to place and fix the cover.
The indicated technical result is also achieved by the fact that a groove is made in the middle of the base along the profile.
The specified technical result is also achieved by the fact that the lower sides of the squares and the base are located in the same plane.
The specified technical result is also achieved by the fact that it contains two sealing elements made of a polymeric material, each sealing element has upper and lower parts connected by a jumper, while the upper part of each sealing element is located in the space formed by the first and the corresponding second angles, the jumper is located in space between the lower sides of the squares, and the lower part of each sealing element is designed for contact with the sheet material.
The specified technical result is also achieved by the fact that the surface of the lower part of each sealing element, intended for contact with the sheet material, has corrugations.
The specified technical result is also achieved by the fact that the outer surface of the outer walls is rounded, and the removable cover is made flat.
A distinctive feature of this utility model is that the main element of the device is made of a profile having areas that are closed from the influence of the external environment and means of fastening the sealing elements.
Utility Model Disclosure
The fastening strength of sheet materials has design and operational aspects. Structural strength means the ability of the entire structure to withstand the entire range of loads caused by both static (e.g., weight of elements, type of stress state), and dynamic (e.g., vibration, cyclic loads) factors. Design strength implies the necessary strength stock of all constituent elements, as well as the strength of their connections to each other. Structural strength is calculated during the design design and does not take into account the variability of the properties of materials, joints and other factors changing during the operation of the structure
In contrast to structural strength, operational strength involves preserving the necessary strength properties of elements and joints in the structure under operating conditions, when their properties change under the influence of the environment (precipitation, temperature changes ...), changes in the structure of materials (for example, fatigue processes), weakening mounts and other reasons.
Another aspect of the strength of this design is the correspondence of the size of the holes for the fasteners and their number to the actual load. When fixing light horizontal sheets, often located fasteners, such as screws, are not required. In the case of vertical fastening of heavy steel sheets, on the contrary, often located fasteners of high bearing capacity are needed.
This utility model has high structural and operational strength properties.
A device for mounting sheet materials contains a clamping profile 1 made symmetrical in cross section. The clamping profile 1 has a base 2 with two walls 3, upper shelves 4 and lower shelves 5, outer walls 6, squares.
An upper shelf 4 and a lower shelf 5 are attached to each wall 3 by one of its ends. Each outer wall 6 is attached to the other ends of the corresponding upper flange 4 and lower flange 5. To the end of each outer wall 6 is attached a first elbow 7 facing the base 2. A second elbow 8 is attached to each lower flange 5 in its middle part, facing the first gon 7.
The cross section of the device shown in FIG. 1. As you can see, the design feature of the profile is the presence of two symmetrically located closed cavities formed by the upper shelves 4, lower shelves 5 and outer walls 6. The space inside the cavities is isolated from the environment, which allows you to maintain strength properties over time, and its transverse the section is a solid closed loop.
Squares 7 and 8, symmetrically arranged in pairs relative to the base, form two uninsulated cavities. As shown in FIG. 1 the lower sides of the squares 7 and 8 are facing towards each other and there is a gap between them. Thus, non-insulated cavities are limited by the lower shelves 5 and the corresponding pairs of the first elbow 7 and the second elbow 8. The lower sides of the elbows 7 and 8 can directly contact the pressed sheet material.
Thus, a distinctive feature of the device in accordance with this utility model is its cellular structure with high rigidity, which in turn provides high operational strength of the mount.
The profile may be made of aluminum material. The choice of material is due to its strength, mechanical and technological characteristics. Under the aluminum material is meant any structural aluminum-containing material, for example, duralumin, magnesium-aluminum alloys, alloys of the aluminum-zinc system, aluminum-copper, etc.
The device may include a removable cover 9. In the upper part of each upper shelf 4, protrusions 10 are formed, which are used to place and fix the cover 9, as shown in FIG. 1. The cover 9 can be made of the same material as the profile or of plastic. The outer surface of the cover 9 may be made flat or rounded.
A groove 11 is made in the middle of the base along the profile for centering the drill when drilling holes for fasteners 17, the size and pitch of which is selected depending on the load. The groove 11 is a longitudinal recess of small depth, made by stamping or removing part of the material, for example, a milling cutter. Mounting holes are drilled in the profile, taking into account the specific conditions of its operation. To do this, the drill is installed in the groove, thereby centering it. The distance between the holes is also determined based on operating conditions. For example, if you want to fasten vertically heavy sheets of material, drill holes of maximum diameter with a minimum pitch. The absence of pre-drilled holes designed for certain average loads increases the strength of the base fastening, since the diameter of the hole is selected for specific conditions and a specific fastener. As the fastening elements 17, screws, self-tapping screws, screws, nails and other suitable means can be used.
The lower sides of the squares 7 and 8 and the base 2 can be located in the same plane. This allows you to increase the contact area of the device with the pressed sheet material and increase the fastening strength.
The device may contain two sealing elements 12 of a polymeric material, for example, rubber. Each sealing element 12 has an upper part 13 and a lower part connected by a jumper 14. The upper part 13 of each sealing element 12 is located in the space formed by the first 7 and the corresponding second 8 squares. The jumper is located in the space between the lower sides of the squares 7 and 8, and the lower part 12 of each sealing element 12 is designed for contact with the sheet material. The use of a sealing element made of a polymeric material can increase the fastening strength due to the fact that the elastic deformation of the profile 1 at the beginning of operation is balanced by the elastic deformation of the sealing elements 12. As the material of the sealing elements 12 inevitably loses its elastic properties during operation, the elastic strain of profile 1 forces straighten it and press the sealing elements 12 to the sheet material.
The surface of the lower part of each sealing element 12, intended for contact with the sheet material, may have corrugations. The corrugated surface provides a more durable contact of the device with sheet material.
The outer surface of the outer walls 6 may be rounded. This embodiment is ensured by an arched structure with high compressive strength.
The device operates as follows.
The operation of the device is shown in FIG. 2. Sheets 15 of the material to be fixed are placed on the supporting surface 16, for example, on the roof lathing, the wall of the building, etc. On top of the sheets 15 of material, a device is mounted for fastening in the center of the joint, which ensures uniform pressing of the sheets. Drill the required number of holes of the required diameter. The fastening elements 17 attach the profile 1 to the supporting surface with the necessary effort. Due to the applied force, the profile 1 is elastically deformed by a bending load, which is transferred to the contact points of the profile 1 with the sheets 15, for example, to the sealing elements 12. Under the influence of the load, the material of the sealing elements is also compressed and the pressing force is transmitted to the sheets 15 of the material, which presses them to supporting surface 16. As the contact between the profile 1 and the sheets 15 of the material is weakened, the elastic deformation of the profile straightens the elastically deformed parts, restores the contact of the profile 1 with the sheets 15 and Makes firmly press the sheets 15 to the supporting surface 16.
Thus, the fastening strength of sheet materials with the help of this utility model is ensured by the high strength of the profile, as well as its rigidity, which ensures strong contact of the device with the sheet material and preserves the clamping force during operation of the device.

Claims (8)

1. A device for fastening sheet materials containing a clamping profile made symmetrical in cross section, characterized in that the clamping profile has a base with two walls, upper and lower shelves, outer walls, squares, with upper and lower shelves attached to each wall one of its ends, each outer wall is attached to the other ends of the corresponding upper and lower shelves, to the end of each outer wall is attached the first elbow facing the base, to each lower shelf in its middle asti secured second square, facing the first gon.
2. The device according to p. 1, characterized in that the profile is made of aluminum material.
3. The device according to p. 1, characterized in that it contains a removable cover, protrusions are formed in the upper part of each upper shelf, which are used to place and fix the cover.
4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that a groove is made in the middle of the base along the profile.
5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower sides of the squares and the base are located in the same plane.
6. The device according to p. 1, characterized in that it contains two sealing elements of a polymeric material, each sealing element has a jumper connected to the upper and lower parts, while the upper part of each sealing element is located in the space formed by the first and the corresponding second elbows, the jumper is located in the space between the lower sides of the squares, and the lower part of each sealing element is designed for contact with the sheet material.
7. The device according to p. 6, characterized in that the surface of the lower part of each sealing element, intended for contact with the sheet material, has corrugations.
8. The device according to p. 1, characterized in that the outer surface of the outer walls is rounded, and a removable cover is made flat.
RU2017138286U 2017-11-02 2017-11-02 Device for fastening sheet materials RU179113U1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2017138286U RU179113U1 (en) 2017-11-02 2017-11-02 Device for fastening sheet materials

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2017138286U RU179113U1 (en) 2017-11-02 2017-11-02 Device for fastening sheet materials

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
RU179113U1 true RU179113U1 (en) 2018-04-26

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RU2017138286U RU179113U1 (en) 2017-11-02 2017-11-02 Device for fastening sheet materials

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU771270A1 (en) * 1977-11-17 1980-10-15 Научно-Исследовательский Институт Главмосстроя "Ниимосстрой" Vertical joint of outer wall panels
SU1033668A1 (en) * 1982-02-24 1983-08-07 Производственное Объединение "Мосспецпромпроект" Versions of joint of three-ply wall panels
US5356675A (en) * 1992-12-28 1994-10-18 Unger Frederick C Glazing system
RU2250969C2 (en) * 2002-11-05 2005-04-27 Хромов Георгий Семенович Roof made of sheet members
RU2600247C1 (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-10-20 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Компания Металл Профиль" Composite shaped article and unit of butt joint of panels
DE202014010902U1 (en) * 2014-03-21 2017-01-13 Heroal - Johann Henkenjohann Gmbh & Co. Kg Insulating element for façade or light roof constructions

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU771270A1 (en) * 1977-11-17 1980-10-15 Научно-Исследовательский Институт Главмосстроя "Ниимосстрой" Vertical joint of outer wall panels
SU1033668A1 (en) * 1982-02-24 1983-08-07 Производственное Объединение "Мосспецпромпроект" Versions of joint of three-ply wall panels
US5356675A (en) * 1992-12-28 1994-10-18 Unger Frederick C Glazing system
RU2250969C2 (en) * 2002-11-05 2005-04-27 Хромов Георгий Семенович Roof made of sheet members
DE202014010902U1 (en) * 2014-03-21 2017-01-13 Heroal - Johann Henkenjohann Gmbh & Co. Kg Insulating element for façade or light roof constructions
RU2600247C1 (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-10-20 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Компания Металл Профиль" Composite shaped article and unit of butt joint of panels

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