RU1790356C - Fish raising device - Google Patents

Fish raising device

Info

Publication number
RU1790356C
RU1790356C SU904827776A SU4827776A RU1790356C RU 1790356 C RU1790356 C RU 1790356C SU 904827776 A SU904827776 A SU 904827776A SU 4827776 A SU4827776 A SU 4827776A RU 1790356 C RU1790356 C RU 1790356C
Authority
RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
floating
pontoon
platform
cages
fish
Prior art date
Application number
SU904827776A
Other languages
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Илья Моисеевич Кощер
Original Assignee
Илья Моисеевич Кощер
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Илья Моисеевич Кощер filed Critical Илья Моисеевич Кощер
Priority to SU904827776A priority Critical patent/RU1790356C/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU1790356C publication Critical patent/RU1790356C/en

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION: the device comprises a floating element in the form of a platform in the form of a polygon with a central hole in which a pontoon of variable buoyancy is fixed using detachable elements. Cages mounted on floating supports are pivotally attached to the platform. The cages are pivotally interconnected and equipped with a feeder, and in the pontoon there is a feed hopper and a ballast tank connected to the feed sensors. The device has a simple design and convenient to operate 14 il. ё

Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to fish farming, in particular to fish farmers in hatcheries.
A submersible fish growing apparatus is known which consists of a net cage with a frame formed by an upper hipped part, a lower part and a middle part of a set of vertical rods, a floating buoyant pontoon mounted on the last feeder. a platform connected by means of detachable means to the lower part of the frame, korea and floats, the platform being made in the form of an annular frame with variable buoyancy pontoons, the shape of which corresponds to the shape of the cage, while the platform is connected to the tavern and pontoon and buoyancy is connected to the top of the tent to the rkchsa cage and has
an annular shape, moreover, the feeder is removable and mounted on the pontoon along the axis of the hole, in addition, the upper tent part of the frame is mounted on vertical rods of the middle part with the possibility of free movement along them when lifting the platform.
The said device has a complicated cage design, compressed air is supplied to the variable buoyancy pontoons from the shore or from an indigenous craft, which will create difficulties during operation.
The closest technical solution selected as a prototype is a dilution device; underwater animals, containing a vertical support. in the form of a cylinder with buoyancy, inside of which
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ballast tanks, feed and water silos, the silos being in communication with each animal container mounted on a support by pipelines for supplying water with nutrients to the container (see French Patent No. 2511846, class A 01 K 63/00).
Said device has a complicated structure / In addition, difficulties are created during operation during feeding of water with an admixture of nutrients and when fish exit the tank for breeding underwater animals.
The purpose of the invention is to simplify the design and improve ease of use.
This goal is achieved by the fact that the device for growing fish, containing a floating element, cages with feeders attached to it, a feed hopper connected to the latter, a ballast tank and a root device, is equipped with a variable buoyancy pontoon, the floating element is a polygon-shaped platform with a central hole for placement in it using detachable pontoon means, and a feed hopper and a ballast tank are mounted inside the latter, while the cages are fixed afloat their supports, are bonded to the floating element by hinges and pivotally interconnected
Comparative analysis with the prototype allows us to conclude that the claimed device differs in that. that it is equipped with a variable buoyancy pontoon, the floating element is a polygon-shaped platform with a central hole for placement in it using detachable pontoon means, and the feed hopper and the ballast tank are mounted inside the latter, while the cages are fixed on the floating supports, connected to the floating element by means of hinges and hinged to each other.
In FIG. 1 - shows the proposed device, General view: in FIG. 2 - feed distributor. section: in FIG. 3 - variable buoyancy pontoon: in FIG. A - position of net cages and a pontoon of variable buoyancy when connected with a cable; in FIG. 5 - the same when sampling the cable: in FIG. 6 shows the position of the pontoon with variable buoyancy while centering it under the opening of the floating platform: in FIG. 7 - the device is assembled: in Fig. 8 the same. top view: in FIG. 9 - node I and .h (rig. 8: in Fig. 10 - node II in Fig. 8: fm 1 - section AA on
FIG. 10; in FIG. 12 - detachable means, a top view; in FIG. 13 is a section BB in FIG. 12; on fig. 14 - section BB in fig. 12. A fish growing device co5 consists of net cages 1. feeders 2, a floating platform 3 with a central hole 4, a variable buoyancy pontoon 5, mooring barrels 6 and korea 7.
Each cage 1 consists of a net bag suspended on floating supports 8 with an upper net floor 9. which has sections (not shown), coated with a lightproof material forming a shadow area.
5 Floating supports 8 are provided with a deck 10, a guardrail 11 and are used to move maintenance personnel. The sections forming the deck 10. are interconnected by hinges 1 with a limited rotation angle.
The hinges 12 contain crosses 13. The floating platform 3 is made of material having positive buoyancy and has the shape of a polygon.
5 The hinges 14 connecting the floating platform 3 to the deck 10 also have a rotation angle limitation. The hinges 14 contain elastic inserts 15, which reduce the dynamic loads acting on the flooring 10.
Net cages 1 are installed along the perimeter of the floating platform 3 and 16 pontoons 5 of variable buoy 5, consisting of a hull 17 and a wheelhouse 18, are fixed in the central hole 4 using demountable means. .
In the variable buoyancy pontoon 5, there is a ballast tank 21, compressed air cylinders 22, a feed hopper 23, an automatic feeding system 24. an electric power source (not shown). Remote control ballast system ugt novlrn on one
5 of mooring barrels (5.
The feeders 2 are made in the form of caisson chambers mounted on brackets 25 attached to the floating
0 to platform 3. Each feed dispenser 2 is equipped with lighting 26 and level sensors 27, which maintain the level of the free surface of the water.
5With the help of hoses and cables, the feed dispensers 2 are coordinated with the cylinders 2 of compressed air, the source of electric power. automatic feeding system 24, located in the pontoon 5 per "m"; nnoy buoyancy.
The net cages 1 at the bottom have devices for collecting and removing waste fish (not shown).
Mooring barrels 6 with ropes 28 are connected to the floating supports 8, and with the help of breeders 29 - with the sterns 7.
The device operates as follows.
Before installing the device for growing fish on the bottom of the pond, they put bark 7, which are connected with mooring barrels 6 with the help of brides 29.
Then, to connect the variable-buoyancy pontoon 5 to the floating platform 3, a winch 30 with a cable 31 is installed on the last one, and a block 32 is mounted over the center of the hole 4 using the supports. The cable 31 is passed through the block 32 into the central hole 4 under the net cages 1 and fixed behind the eye in the center of the deckhouse 18.
Using a winch 30, the variable buoyancy pontoon 5 is brought to the net cages 1. The ballast system tank 21 is filled with overboard water until the buoyancy 5 is lost and put under the opening 4 of the floating platform 3. Then the variable buoyancy pontoon 5 is centered relative to the hole 4. the tank 21 of the ballast system is purged and the slack of the cable 31 is selected with a winch 30 until then. until the cabin 18 enters the opening 4 of the floating platform 3 Then the pontoon 5 is attached to the floating platform 3 using detachable means 16 and the cable 31 is disconnected from the cabin 18. The winch 30 is removed with cable 31. and also block 32 with its supports .
Feeders with 2 hoses and cables connect to pontoon 5 variable
buoyancy. Replenish feed supplies, compressed air, charge electric power sources, and set up an automatic feeding system program.
Then the device is transported to a given point in the sea of water. After the device is installed at a given point on the surface of the sea, mooring barrels 6 are connected by ropes 28 with floating supports 8. The length of the ropes 28 is set equal to the immersion depth, which depends on the magnitude of the wave surface of the water, temperature and light conditions.
The device is immersed by remote control of the ballast system, the remote control of which is mounted on one of the mooring drums 6.
When the tank 21 of the ballast system is filled with water, the device is submerged to a depth determined by the length of the ropes 28.
Feeding of fish is carried out according to the established program of the automatic feeding system 24.
To collect and remove waste, dead fish use a device located at the bottom of the cages (not shown).
When the device is raised to the surface by remote control of the ballast system, its tank 21 is purged. After that, the device floats to the surface. At this time, replenishment of feed, compressed air is carried out, sources of electricity are charged, and mechanisms are inspected.
The claimed device, in comparison with the prototype, has a simple cage design and is more convenient in operation.
Formula and C1 6
A device for growing fish containing floating ephement. attached cages with feeders. associated with the latter is a feed hopper, a ballast tank and a bed attachment, characterized in that, in order to simplify the design and increase convenience in the ECG. PLULT.CH, AI. it is equipped
variable buoyancy pontoon, the floating element is a polygon-shaped platform with a central hole for placement in it using detachable pontoon means, and the feed hopper and ballast tank are mounted inside the latter, while the cages are mounted on floating supports are connected to the floating element by means of hinges between themselves
FIG. 6
Phage 7
FIG. 5
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1790356
& U &. No. Compiled by A. Trufakin / and & - Editor T.: anovaTechred M. Morgenthal Corrector E. Lonchakova
Order 354 Circulation Subscription
VNIIIPI of the State Committee for Inventions and Discover at the USSR State Committee for Science and Technology 113035, Moscow, Zh-35, Rauska nab., 4/5
Production and Publishing Plant Patent, Uzhhorod, 101 Gagarin St.
SU904827776A 1990-05-21 1990-05-21 Fish raising device RU1790356C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SU904827776A RU1790356C (en) 1990-05-21 1990-05-21 Fish raising device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SU904827776A RU1790356C (en) 1990-05-21 1990-05-21 Fish raising device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
RU1790356C true RU1790356C (en) 1993-01-23

Family

ID=21515591

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
SU904827776A RU1790356C (en) 1990-05-21 1990-05-21 Fish raising device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
RU (1) RU1790356C (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2009104986A1 (en) * 2008-02-21 2009-08-27 Myskin Gennady Andrianovich Submarine farm for rearing seafoods

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Авторское свидетельство СССР Kb 1489673, кл. А 01 К 61/00, 1986. Патент FR N 2516347, кл. А 01 К 61/00. опублик. 1983. Патент FR N; 2511846, кл.А 01 К 61/00.опублик 1983. *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2009104986A1 (en) * 2008-02-21 2009-08-27 Myskin Gennady Andrianovich Submarine farm for rearing seafoods

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