RU174432U1 - Bath furnace - Google Patents

Bath furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
RU174432U1
RU174432U1 RU2017120586U RU2017120586U RU174432U1 RU 174432 U1 RU174432 U1 RU 174432U1 RU 2017120586 U RU2017120586 U RU 2017120586U RU 2017120586 U RU2017120586 U RU 2017120586U RU 174432 U1 RU174432 U1 RU 174432U1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
module
furnace
chimney
gases
modules
Prior art date
Application number
RU2017120586U
Other languages
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Владимир Викторович Хоробрых
Original Assignee
Владимир Викторович Хоробрых
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Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to RU2017120586U priority Critical patent/RU174432U1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU174432U1 publication Critical patent/RU174432U1/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS
    • F24B5/00Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges

Abstract

The utility model relates to the field of heat engineering, namely to domestic bath stoves, and is intended for space heating, water heating and steam production, used mainly in individual baths. The technical result of the proposed utility model is to increase the efficiency and simplify repair by modular execution of the furnace’s working part ( elements of heat production and flue gas flow) - reducing repairs to a simple replacement of modules. Gases formed by the burning of firewood rise up and hit the combustion chamber arch, thereby changing ie the direction of movement, and then pass through the calibrated holes 17-20, again reversing the direction of fall into the chimney channel module 8 heaters. Here, some of the gases hit the bottom of the heater, another rises, while changing the general direction of the gases. These gases are collected in the chimney manifold 32 and exit into the pipe 27 of the chimney, and through it into the chimney (the chimney is not shown in the drawings).

Description

The utility model relates to the field of heat engineering, namely to domestic bath stoves, and is intended for heating a room, heating water and generating steam, which is used mainly in individual baths.

Known furnace according to the patent of Finland No. F 1865046, A61H 33/06; A61H; 06/12/1988, the company Castor, containing a combustion chamber with a chimney, a cavity for heat storage loading, a protective casing. Patent that protects the COANDA heat storage system. The air stream heated by the walls of the furnace rises and passes through the stone container. The direction of the upward flow is controlled by the “COANDA” effect. When the gas stream has a high temperature, it passes through the stone container and heats the stones. In the event that the fire is extinguished or a slight heating occurs, the air flow is directed past the stone container.

The disadvantage of this furnace is the low efficiency and complexity of the repair.

Known bath furnace according to patent No. 1813994, IPC F24B 9/04, 1997, containing a housing, a furnace with a continuous arch, a compartment with a heat storage load placed on the arch, a chimney passing through this compartment, a water tank, and also brought into the compartment with heat-accumulating load air heating channel formed by the walls of the housing and the surrounding casing. At the outlet of the air-heating channel, a damper with holes and a gate valve are installed, with which you can close the holes and thereby control the direction of the flow of hot air. The chimney is passed through a water tank mounted on top of the heat storage compartment.

The disadvantage of this furnace is the low efficiency and complexity of the repair.

The closest in technical essence to the proposed one is a bath furnace according to RU patent utility model No. 151988, IPC F24B 9/00, 2015, containing a combustion chamber with a grate and a door, an ash pan with an ash drawer, a casing enclosing from the front and two sides not in contact with the furnace, the rear wall in contact with the furnace, the chimney pipe and the heater formed by the inner side walls of the chimney, on the rear wall in its upper part there is a horizontally located elongated hole, and in its lower part two equal-sized openings with centers located on the same horizontal axis are used, used for hanging additional removable equipment or a convector screen for protection against hard heat radiation, or a heat sink designed for laying additional mass of stones and heating them from the furnace wall, or mounted a tank designed to heat water by transferring heat from the rear wall of the furnace, while on each additional removable equipment hooks are made to secure the additional removable equipment to the furnace back wall by placing hooks into the holes.

The disadvantage of this furnace is the low efficiency and complexity of the repair.

The technical result of the proposed utility model is to increase the efficiency and simplify repair by modular execution of the working part of the furnace (elements of heat production and flue gas flow) - reducing the repair to a simple replacement of the modules.

The technical result achieved is achieved in that in a bath furnace comprising a housing consisting of front, rear and two side casings, with heat production and flue gas passage elements located inside, heat production and flue gas flow elements are made in the form of three modules: loading module the furnace, the combustion chamber module and the dual-flow heater module, the loading furnace module is made in the form of a duct; on the front of which there is a door and a handle for opening it; on the back there is an ash pan installed with the ability to move along the loading furnace module and along the furnace chamber module, the furnace chamber module is made in the form of a duct with at least one hole in the upper part for the passage of flue gases into the nozzle, with an arrangement in the lower part of the grate, the third module is made in the form of a box with a two-flow channel organized inside for the passage of flue gases into the pipe, while the box of the furnace chamber module in the upper part can have four calibrated Verstov located at the corners of the module, the lower module section twin-heater located above the orifices, may be provided with flame impingement, wherein the modules are secured together by means of profile connection labyrinth seal may be used in conjunction with the modules.

In FIG. 1 shows a view of the sauna stove from the front, top and from the right side, FIG. 2 - front view, top and left side; in FIG. 3 is a rear view, from above, and from the right side, in FIG. 4 - rear view, top and left side; in FIG. 5 - view of the stove with spaced modules and its parts; in FIG. 6 is a view of the stove with spaced modules and its parts with a quarter cut out on the modules, half on the front and right side casing; in FIG. 7 is a front view, from the right side and from above, onto the loading furnace module; in FIG. 8 is a rear view, from the right side and from above, onto the loading furnace module; in FIG. 9 is a view of a combustion chamber module; in FIG. 10 is a view of a dual-flow heater module; in FIG. 11 is a view of a dual-flow heater module without front and right walls; in FIG. 12 is a bottom view of a dual-flow heater module.

In FIG. 1, position 1 shows the proposed furnace, position 2 is the front casing, position 3 is the right casing; in FIG. 2, position 4 - the left casing; in FIG. 3, position 5 - rear casing; in FIG. 5, position 6 - module of the loading furnace, position 7 - module of the combustion chamber, position 8 - module of the dual-flow chamber; in FIG. 7 and 8, position 9 is a box having an opening 10 in the rear part, position 11 is a door, position 12 is a handle, position 13 is a decorative frame, position 14 is an ash pan; in FIG. 9, position 15 - box, position 16 - grate, positions 17-20 - calibrated holes, positions 21, 22 - plugged holes for connecting the heat exchanger - heat exchangers are not shown in the drawings - (plugged holes are shown only on the right side of module 7, on the left sides - not shown), positions 23-26 - mounting strips; figure 10, position 27 - pipe of the chimney, positions 28-31 mounting strips; in FIG. 11, position 32 - chimney collector, position 33 - heater body without stones laid in it; 12, positions 34-37 are flame chippers.

Flame chippers 34-37 are designed to prevent burning of the bottom of module 8, made of sheet metal (2-3 mm thick).

The module 6 of the loading furnace is a box 9 with an opening 10 in the rear. A door 11 with a handle 12 and a decorative frame 13 is installed in the front of the module 6. The ash pan 14 is mounted with the possibility of longitudinal movement of the ash pan 14, both inside the module 6 and inside the module 7. The box 9 is made of steel sheet metal.

The furnace chamber module 7 is a duct 15, welded from steel sheets or cast-iron sections. In the lower part of module 7, a grate 16 is installed; below it, an opening is made for passing an ash pan 14.

The module 8 of the dual-flow heater is a collector 32, made in the form of a duct, with a dual-flow channel organized inside for the passage of flue gases into the pipe 27.

The modules of the bath furnace are fastened to each other by means of a profile connection (the profile connection is not shown in the drawings), while a labyrinth seal can be used (labyrinth seal is not shown in the drawings).

Gases generated by the burning of firewood rise up and hit the roof of the furnace, thereby changing the direction of movement, then pass through calibrated holes 17-20, again changing the direction of movement, enter the chimney channels of module 8 of the heater. Here, some of the gases hit the bottom of the heater, another rises, while changing the general direction of the gases. These gases are collected in the chimney manifold 32 and exit into the pipe 27 of the chimney, and through it into the chimney (the chimney is not shown in the drawings).

High efficiency achieved by repeatedly changing the direction of gas flow, ease of repair due to the ease of replacing modules is the advantage and advantage of the proposed technical solution compared to the prototype.

Claims (5)

1. Sauna furnace, comprising a housing consisting of a front, rear and two side casings, located inside the elements of heat production and flue gas passage, characterized in that the elements of heat production and flue gas passage are made in the form of three modules: loading furnace module, the combustion chamber module and the dual-flow heater module, the loading furnace module is made in the form of a duct; on the front of which there is a door and a handle for opening it; on the back there is an ash pan installed with the ability to move along the loading furnace module and along the furnace chamber module, the furnace chamber module is made in the form of a duct with at least one hole in the upper part for the passage of flue gases into the nozzle, with an arrangement in the lower part of the grate, the third module is made in the form of a duct with a dual-flow channel organized inside for the passage of flue gases into the pipe.
2. Sauna furnace according to claim 1, characterized in that the box of the combustion chamber module in the upper part has four calibrated openings located at the corners of the module.
3. Sauna furnace according to claim 2, characterized in that the lower section of the dual-flow heater module, located above the calibrated openings, is equipped with flame chippers.
4. Sauna stove according to claim 1, characterized in that the modules are fastened to each other using a profile connection.
5. Sauna stove according to claim 4, characterized in that a labyrinth seal is used in the connection of the modules.
RU2017120586U 2017-06-13 2017-06-13 Bath furnace RU174432U1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2017120586U RU174432U1 (en) 2017-06-13 2017-06-13 Bath furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2017120586U RU174432U1 (en) 2017-06-13 2017-06-13 Bath furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
RU174432U1 true RU174432U1 (en) 2017-10-12

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
RU2017120586U RU174432U1 (en) 2017-06-13 2017-06-13 Bath furnace

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RU (1) RU174432U1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2718845C1 (en) * 2019-08-05 2020-04-14 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Техно Лит" Bath furnace and heating method of bath furnace
RU2719686C1 (en) * 2019-08-05 2020-04-21 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Техно Лит" Bath furnace and heating method of bath furnace
RU199857U1 (en) * 2020-07-03 2020-09-22 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Новосибирская металлообрабатывающая компания" Sauna stove

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2095694C1 (en) * 1993-11-09 1997-11-10 Санкт-Петербургское морское бюро машиностроения "Малахит" Stove
RU2097658C1 (en) * 1995-12-25 1997-11-27 Акционерное общество закрытого типа "РУСАНТ-СОЛАР" Furnace module complex
RU70966U1 (en) * 2007-06-18 2008-02-20 Юрий Степанович Левчук Multifunctional furnace
RU2352865C1 (en) * 2007-09-18 2009-04-20 Юрий Степанович Левчук Bath-house furnace (versions)
RU2490553C2 (en) * 2011-10-25 2013-08-20 Юрий Георгиевич Кострубин Stone oven
RU151988U1 (en) * 2014-09-09 2015-04-27 Владимир Викторович Хоробрых Bath furnace

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2095694C1 (en) * 1993-11-09 1997-11-10 Санкт-Петербургское морское бюро машиностроения "Малахит" Stove
RU2097658C1 (en) * 1995-12-25 1997-11-27 Акционерное общество закрытого типа "РУСАНТ-СОЛАР" Furnace module complex
RU70966U1 (en) * 2007-06-18 2008-02-20 Юрий Степанович Левчук Multifunctional furnace
RU2352865C1 (en) * 2007-09-18 2009-04-20 Юрий Степанович Левчук Bath-house furnace (versions)
RU2490553C2 (en) * 2011-10-25 2013-08-20 Юрий Георгиевич Кострубин Stone oven
RU151988U1 (en) * 2014-09-09 2015-04-27 Владимир Викторович Хоробрых Bath furnace

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2718845C1 (en) * 2019-08-05 2020-04-14 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Техно Лит" Bath furnace and heating method of bath furnace
RU2719686C1 (en) * 2019-08-05 2020-04-21 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Техно Лит" Bath furnace and heating method of bath furnace
RU199857U1 (en) * 2020-07-03 2020-09-22 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Новосибирская металлообрабатывающая компания" Sauna stove

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