OA5640A - Plate assembly. - Google Patents

Plate assembly. Download PDF

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Publication number
OA5640A
OA5640A OA56146A OA56146A OA5640A OA 5640 A OA5640 A OA 5640A OA 56146 A OA56146 A OA 56146A OA 56146 A OA56146 A OA 56146A OA 5640 A OA5640 A OA 5640A
Authority
OA
OAPI
Prior art keywords
numsp
plate
crevices
plates
projections
Prior art date
Application number
OA56146A
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
OA05640A (en
Original Assignee
Consecco S A
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CH496976A priority Critical patent/CH610069A5/xx
Application filed by Consecco S A filed Critical Consecco S A
Publication of OA05640A publication Critical patent/OA05640A/en
Publication of OA5640A publication Critical patent/OA5640A/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/40General aspects of joining substantially flat articles, e.g. plates, sheets or web-like materials; Making flat seams in tubular or hollow articles; Joining single elements to substantially flat surfaces
    • B29C66/41Joining substantially flat articles ; Making flat seams in tubular or hollow articles
    • B29C66/45Joining of substantially the whole surface of the articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C65/00Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C65/56Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor using mechanical means or mechanical connections, e.g. form-fits
    • B29C65/562Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor using mechanical means or mechanical connections, e.g. form-fits using extra joining elements, i.e. which are not integral with the parts to be joined
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/01General aspects dealing with the joint area or with the area to be joined
    • B29C66/05Particular design of joint configurations
    • B29C66/10Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint cross-sections
    • B29C66/11Joint cross-sections comprising a single joint-segment, i.e. one of the parts to be joined comprising a single joint-segment in the joint cross-section
    • B29C66/112Single lapped joints
    • B29C66/1122Single lap to lap joints, i.e. overlap joints
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • F16B5/02Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of fastening members using screw-thread
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C65/00Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C65/78Means for handling the parts to be joined, e.g. for making containers or hollow articles, e.g. means for handling sheets, plates, web-like materials, tubular articles, hollow articles or elements to be joined therewith; Means for discharging the joined articles from the joining apparatus
    • B29C65/7802Positioning the parts to be joined, e.g. aligning, indexing or centring
    • B29C65/7805Positioning the parts to be joined, e.g. aligning, indexing or centring the parts to be joined comprising positioning features
    • B29C65/7814Positioning the parts to be joined, e.g. aligning, indexing or centring the parts to be joined comprising positioning features in the form of inter-cooperating positioning features, e.g. tenons and mortises
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2418Details of bolting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49895Associating parts by use of aligning means [e.g., use of a drift pin or a "fixture"]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49947Assembling or joining by applying separate fastener
    • Y10T29/49948Multipart cooperating fastener [e.g., bolt and nut]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/70Interfitted members
    • Y10T403/7062Clamped members
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/71Rod side to plate or side
    • Y10T403/7123Traversed by connector
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/71Rod side to plate or side
    • Y10T403/7152Lapped rod ends

Abstract

A first and a second element have respective abutting surfaces which together form an interface. One or more connecting members, such as screws, rivets or the like, connect the elements together. The juxtaposed sides of the elements are formed with respective matingly inter-engaging projections and recesses which resist forces that are being transmitted between the elements and act in the plane of the interface. The invention is especially advantageous for use in erecting trusses or arches of halls and other buildings, and in such a case the elements may be structural plates having the recesses and projections grouped about the locations of the respective connecting members.

Description

The invention relates to the assembly of acne and carrier elements, preferably of metal or synthetic material, by placing two parts of plates on one another and by clamping them with the aid of bolts or rivets.
For the explanation of the invention, the term "plates" will be used both for plates and as bearing elements and as "bolts" for the clamping means, such as bolts with screws and nuts or rivets.
To build halls using industrially prefabricated construction elements, the carrier or load bearing structure is delivered in separate parts, ie as separate elements, which are assembled on the site. where the hall should be addressed · Such halls, constructed with separate building elements, can be brought on site, in the unmounted condition, without difficulty, using conventional means of transport.
In order to erect, ie assemble, the hall from the building elements delivered on site, the universally known "building from the ground" process is used to dispense with cranes. This method essentially consists in fixing, in a manner permitting its pivoting, the first element of the hall hanger, at one end of this element, to a vertical plane in the form of a plate of the seat of the hanger. that is to say, the free end of the first element of the hanger then rests freely on the self. Encoupling this free end of the first hanger element can connect, by screwing, the second hanger element.
By repeating this operation for all the elements necessary for the construction of the hanger, this one is assembled entirely-without scaffolds or cranes of assembly, J UJl-JL Uu. Ej Oet is elevated by successive operations up to its total height. During the implementation of this method, in order to avoid excessive local stresses in the partially assembled hanger, it is possible to give rigidity to it by using Temporary pulling elements, such as wire ropes, are arranged between the first seat hinge and suitably selected locations of the previously mounted part of the hanger. In these circumstances, the horizontal thrust exerted by the hanger is absorbed by the hanger. these temporary traction elements. Once the last hanger element connected and fixed in the second seat of the hanger can be removed the pro-visory traction elements.
When using this mounting technique, it naturally comes to the idea of mounting at the same time all the hangers 5 carriers. The last elements of hanger mounted to each elementary operation, before being connected to the following, are then equipped with their annexed elements such as the cover, the thermal soli on, the elements of installation, the sdi sp o- fasteners etc, as well as the interior linings 10 possibly provided.
Once the last elements of hangers connected and placed in place in the second sitting of the hangers, all of the hall without its end walls is then erected and provided with its annexed elements of construction. ΐ · 5 At the assembly locations of the frame hangers, very stringent requirements are imposed on resistance and force transmissions, on the positional accuracy of the hall axis, particularly with regard to the suitability of this structure. The simplicity and safety of the assembly work is important, as is the importance attached to the assembly safety factor, as this assembly is carried out with the assistance of personnel who are not specially trained.
According to the invention, an assembly of the kind described in the preamble has in the region surrounding the bolts or rivets, prefabricated anchoring elements associated with each other, of the same shape and engaging exactly with each other. others, which are formed as protrusions or fractures formed in the two plates and which absorb the forces which are transmitted from one plate to the next. the plane of these plates and which are in the form of shear forces. The invention is explained in more detail below with the aid of one of its embodiments, taken by way of illustration but in no way limiting, with reference to the appended drawings in which: FIG. top plan of the two-plate assembly site; - Xa Figure 2 is a section along the line II-II of the
FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view of a separate anchoring element, and FIG. 4 is a section along line IV-IV of FIG. 1 of a known bolt connection. The two plates 1,. 2 are assembled by means of five bolts and as seen in Figures 1 and 2, around four of these five bolts or rivets, six protrusions 6 of one of the plates 2 engage in six similar crevices 5 the other plate, said protrusions 6 or these crevices 5 constituting, two-to-two, an anchoring element 4. Under the action of the bolt tightening, one obtains an exact seatprepreparations 6 of one of the plates in the anfractuosities Sde the other plate. These anchoring elements ensure a completely loose assembly of the two plates 1, 2, which allows the transmission of larger shear forces, according to the plane of the plates, than in the case of bolonnormal assembly.
The ability of this assembly to transmit greater shear forces than an assembly. A normal bolt of the same diameter and bolt strength produces the following properties of this assembly: a) the sum of the cavity span surfaces of the various spacings of protrusions or crevices distributed around the bolt is greater than the area of the bolt; span of the single hole of the bolt. (b) the sum of the shear sections of the various sets of projections or crevices along line 5-5 of Figure 3 is greater than the shear section of the bolt alone. . It is particularly important here that the protrusions 30 or the crevices are made only on half the thickness of the plates to be assembled. As a result, the full shear section of the various projections, D diameter, along the line 5-5 of FIG. 3 is obtained. In the case where the projections or crevices have a height or a depth equal to the thickness of the plates. to assemble, the shear section along line 5-5 of Fig. 3, which intervenes for the transmission of forces, would be no more than (si - d ^) x II. The use of high friction type bolts also makes it possible to transmit higher forces than a normal bolt assembly of the same diameter. For the assembly of relatively thin plates by means of such bolts, as a result of the relatively low rigidity of such thin plates, it is always necessary to admit a loss of force that can be transmitted. The assembly described above eliminates this disadvantage and makes it possible to make full use of the possibility of transmitting the important forces that bolt assemblies 10 with a high coefficient of friction exhibit, even in relative plates. thinly.
In Figure 1, there is arranged by bolt 3, six anchors, 4. protrusions or infractuosities, distributed regularly on a circle placed concentrically with respect to the axis of the corresponding 15 - bolt. Another distribution might be considered. But the sets of protrusions or crevices should preferably be distributed in a geometrical pattern around the bolt.
The number of bolts can be adapted to the needs and requirements of each particular case under consideration.
The anchoring elements 4 with projections or crevices shown in the figures all have the shape of a truncated cone. The half-ellipsoids, half-spheres, or spherical calottes also provide good results depending on the material constituting the plate. The important thing is that the protrusions or the crevices have the same shape of cross-section, so as to ensure excellent engagement one in the other and an excellent application against each other also biendes. side walls, that lower or upper walls 30 of the. anchoring elements.
In Figure 4 is shown an assembly known in the art under the designation "seat plate", twoplaques with a bolt 30 and a set of protrusions ouanfractuosités 40. The assembly according to the The invention, described above with the aid of FIGS. 1 to 3, is advantageously distinguished from this known assembly by the following points: a) The forming of the seat angle crush requires ·. . to deform a relatively large area, in one piece, • plates 1, 2 to assemble. This requires the use of very powerful presses. Precision and accurate interlocking of the 05640 crevices are strongly affected by the trend, known in the forming technique, of many materials to return to the initial state alas a little. As a result, the enlargement in particular with respect to the diameter of the crevices which can be made of certain materials by means of absolutely conventional forming techniques is greatly limited. The forming of relatively large parts, in one piece, plates to be assembled gives rise to high stresses, which, because of the closed nature of these parts, are transmitted very poorly in the surrounding areas of the plane of the plate and therefore can not disappear to a limited extent. This affects the allowable stress values that are available to transmit forces. In the CO 3 of the subject of the invention, described above, the relatively flat seat of FIG. 4 is subdivided into a plurality of small seats in plates (FIG. 2). forming are considerably reduced, which makes it possible to use smaller stamping or stamping presses. The constraints resulting from the forming are also much lower than in the case of the seat in attitude, and can spread much better in the surrounding areas of the plane of the plate, h) The active bearing surface of the seat cavity in the plate (Figure 4) is exceeded, with equal outer diameter of the assembly, by the sum of the active bearing surfaces of the cavities of the various projections or anfractuosities of the object of the invention (Figure 2). (c) the ratio of the permissible transmission force, obtained from the shear surfaces multiplied by the corresponding permissible shear stresses on the one hand, and the permissible transmission forces, obtained from the permissible load pressures multiplied by the corresponding bearing surfaces of the cavities on the other hand, is in the case of the object of the invention, better balanced than in the case of seat classic plate applied to thin plates.
The profitability of the assembly is thus improved. The assembly according to the invention is particularly suitable for assembling frameworks carrying constructions, such as, for example, halls which are made up of prefabricated, industrially produced and mass-produced construction elements, which are assembled on site to form the entire load-bearing structure, separate load carriers or hall frames. Such frame construction elements can be manufactured industrially easily and in series and can be assembled without a great deal of ancillary equipment, by an exceptionally trained labor, with the maximum degree of safety and with the maximum precision required.
In particular, the assembly according to the invention 10 makes it possible to mount bearing hangers, consisting of separate segments, these segments being assembled in complete hangers by simple bolting; with the assembly according to the invention.
It goes without saying and as it follows already from the foregoing, the invention is in no way limited to those of its modes of application and of realization which have been more particularly envisaged. otherwise, all variants. > "·

Claims (1)

  1. 7 05640 ags oi s 1.- Assembling of bearings and bearing elements, preferably in metal or aesthetic material, achieved by placing one on the antrum two parts of plaquetsrfet-ah will be at l by means of bolts or rivets, which is displayed in the region surrounding the rivulets of the prefabricated anchoring elements associated with each other. on the other side of the room, and tangled exactly together, which are made of projections and crevices formed in the two plates, and which absorb the forces which are transmitted from one to the other. Plate the other one following the plane of these plates and which are in the form of forces decisily. 2 · ** The projections or crevices are distributed regularly around the bolt or rivet in a circle, placed concentrically with respect to the axis of the bolt of rivet. The projections or associated crevices of the two plates are half closed and in particular in the form of a projection on one face of a plate and in the form of an anfractuosity on the other face of the plate. 4 "The protrusions or crevices in their state of maximum deformation relative to the plate, reach about half the thickness of the plate. The projections or anfractuosities each have the shape of a truncated cone. The follicles or anfractuosities are produced in the form of dendish ellipses, and a sphere of spherical caps. 25 7 * "* Process for the construction of a hall structure, devoid of pillars, made up of éléaefit 'elongated, separated, curved carrier members, which are assembled in a load-bearing framework, using assemblies According to any of the preceding paragraphs, which method of constructionis characterized by the fact that the first carrier member is attached, by an end, to a joint axis connected to the ground, after which it is lifted to its end until that at this end, by means of an assembly according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, the first end of the next carrier element and so on until the second end of the last carrier element is fixed to a seat or a second axis bound to ground. &                     " Hall structure constructed according to the method according to the preceding paragraph, characterized are placed at a relatively short distance, preferably equal to 1.50 m, one of the other. TV V »
OA56146A 1976-04-21 1977-04-20 Assembly of plates. OA05640A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CH496976A CH610069A5 (en) 1976-04-21 1976-04-21

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
OA05640A OA05640A (en) 1981-04-30
OA5640A true OA5640A (en) 1981-04-30

Family

ID=4285683

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
OA56146A OA05640A (en) 1976-04-21 1977-04-20 Assembly of plates.

Country Status (21)

Country Link
US (1) US4080768A (en)
JP (1) JPS57410B2 (en)
AT (1) AT351210B (en)
AU (1) AU509787B2 (en)
BE (1) BE853781A (en)
BR (1) BR7702522A (en)
CA (1) CA1062436A (en)
CH (1) CH610069A5 (en)
DE (1) DE2716388C2 (en)
EG (1) EG15592A (en)
FR (1) FR2349003B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1577073A (en)
IN (1) IN147523B (en)
IT (1) IT1078088B (en)
MX (1) MX144233A (en)
NL (1) NL7704271A (en)
NO (1) NO141522C (en)
OA (1) OA05640A (en)
SE (1) SE414062B (en)
SU (1) SU694088A3 (en)
ZA (2) ZA772249B (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
BE853781A (en) 1977-10-21
NO141522C (en) 1980-03-26
NO771365L (en) 1977-10-24
JPS57410B2 (en) 1982-01-06
AU2441177A (en) 1978-10-26
EG15592A (en) 1986-06-30
CH610069A5 (en) 1979-03-30
DE2716388C2 (en) 1985-11-07
GB1577073A (en) 1980-10-15
SE414062B (en) 1980-07-07
ATA254677A (en) 1978-12-15
IN147523B (en) 1980-03-29
JPS52129871A (en) 1977-10-31
AT351210B (en) 1979-07-10
NO141522B (en) 1979-12-17
FR2349003A1 (en) 1977-11-18
NL7704271A (en) 1977-10-25
CA1062436A1 (en)
US4080768A (en) 1978-03-28
CA1062436A (en) 1979-09-18
AU509787B2 (en) 1980-05-22
ZA772249B (en) 1978-03-29
BE853781A1 (en)
ZA7702249B (en) 1978-03-29
FR2349003B1 (en) 1980-02-08
DE2716388A1 (en) 1977-11-03
MX144233A (en) 1981-09-11
SU694088A3 (en) 1979-10-25
IT1078088B (en) 1985-05-08
SE7704219L (en) 1977-10-22
OA05640A (en) 1981-04-30
BR7702522A (en) 1977-12-06

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