NL2011325C - Intraocular lens assembly. - Google Patents

Intraocular lens assembly. Download PDF

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Publication number
NL2011325C
NL2011325C NL2011325A NL2011325A NL2011325C NL 2011325 C NL2011325 C NL 2011325C NL 2011325 A NL2011325 A NL 2011325A NL 2011325 A NL2011325 A NL 2011325A NL 2011325 C NL2011325 C NL 2011325C
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NL
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Grant
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Prior art keywords
iol
anterior
posterior
capsular bag
optical structure
Prior art date
Application number
NL2011325A
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Dutch (nl)
Inventor
Bernardus Franciscus Maria Wanders
Original Assignee
Oculentis Holding B V
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/14Eye parts, e.g. lenses, corneal implants; Implanting instruments specially adapted therefor; Artificial eyes
    • A61F2/16Intraocular lenses
    • A61F2/1613Intraocular lenses having special lens configurations, e.g. multipart lenses; having particular optical properties, e.g. pseudo-accommodative lenses, lenses having aberration corrections, diffractive lenses, lenses for variably absorbing electromagnetic radiation, lenses having variable focus
    • A61F2/1648Multipart lenses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/14Eye parts, e.g. lenses, corneal implants; Implanting instruments specially adapted therefor; Artificial eyes
    • A61F2/16Intraocular lenses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/14Eye parts, e.g. lenses, corneal implants; Implanting instruments specially adapted therefor; Artificial eyes
    • A61F2/16Intraocular lenses
    • A61F2002/1681Intraocular lenses having supporting structure for lens, e.g. haptics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/14Eye parts, e.g. lenses, corneal implants; Implanting instruments specially adapted therefor; Artificial eyes
    • A61F2/16Intraocular lenses
    • A61F2002/1681Intraocular lenses having supporting structure for lens, e.g. haptics
    • A61F2002/1689Intraocular lenses having supporting structure for lens, e.g. haptics having plate-haptics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2220/00Fixations or connections for prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2220/0008Fixation appliances for connecting prostheses to the body

Description

P100131NL00

Intraocular lens assembly Field of the invention

The invention relates to an intraocular lens assembly comprising an intraocular lens structure (10L) and a secondary intraocular lens, and a method for inserting such an intraocular lens assembly.

Background of the invention

In modern cataract procedures, also called extracapsular cataract extraction, a hole is cut in the anterior capsular bag. This may be done using laser devices. Subsequently, the natural lens is removed. In the remaining parts of the capsular bag, in many suggested procedures an IOL is placed. The IOL more or less maintains its position in the empty bag.

Usually, an IOL is provided with haptics. These haptics extend radially from a lens of an IOL. After implanting an IOL, these haptics usually engage the inside circumference of the remaining capsular bag part in order to more or less keep the optics, for instance a lens, of the IOL centred and positioned in the capsular bag.

For improving fixation of the position of an IOL, many designs were proposed. US6027531 describes “An intraocular lens for use in extracapsular cataract extraction has a haptic pa[r]t that surrounds the optical pa[r]t of the lens and further contains a groove of such shape to accommodate the anterior and posterior capsules of the lens bag after anterior capsulorhexis, extracapsular cataract extraction and posterior capsulorhexis. The lens is preferably inserted in a calibrated, circular and continuous combined anterior and posterior capsulorhexis, slightly smaller than the inner circumference of the groove as to induce a stretching of the rims of the capsular openings. This new approach is believed to prevent the appearance of secondary opacification of the capsules, allows a very stable fixation of the intraocular lens and ensures a tight separation between the anterior and posterior segment of the eye. This new principle of insertion is called the bag-in-the-lens technique, in contrast with the classical lens in-the-bag technique.”. Placement of this IOL requires skills and the capsular bag may get damaged. If after insertion the capsular bag ruptures, the IOL will not maintain its position.

In US6881225, an intraocular lens structure for reducing complications is described. The intraocular lens structure comprises an optic, a support and a closing fixture. The closing fixture is a groove or a valley formed on the side portion of the optic of the intraocular lens. The valley is formed by the optic and a protrusion projecting posteriorly from the optic. The groove or the valley in the optic is made engaged with the posterior capsular opening generally over the entire circumference of the groove or the valley to close the opening of the posterior capsule. Like most of the current IOL structures, the structure also uses its haptics for keeping the structure in the capsular bag. The groove holds the posterior part of the capsular bag. US5171320 describes an intraocular lens system adapted to be implanted within a generally circular opening in an anterior wall of the capsular bag which normally contains the crystalline lens of an eye. The intraocular lens system includes a lens body having an annular groove which is formed in a peripheral portion thereof in a plane substantially perpendicular to an optical axis of the lens body. The lens body includes an optically effective portion located radially inside the annular groove, and an anterior lens portion and a posterior lens portion located on respective anterior and posterior sides of the annular groove. The intraocular lens system is secured in position within the circular opening such that an annular flap portion of the capsular bag which surrounds the circular opening is accommodated within the annular grove in the lens body.

Known IOL’s and IOL systems usually do not completely correct optical errors in the eye. Usually, emmetropy, in which light is exactly focused on the retina, is not attained. A residual error remains. Often, the patient still needs spectacles, or receives laser treatment in order to correct the usual +0.5 to +1.5 Dioptre refractive error that remains. In the art, an additional lens was suggested that clips on an implanted IOL. Examples of these are the following documents. US4932971 describes a clip-on optic assembly for clipping in situ onto a previously implanted intraocular lens to change its optical characteristics without removal from the eye, comprising a lens body having a plurality of spaced apart resilient clip members extending therefrom and outwardly terminating in clips for gripping the implanted lens peripheral edge to clip the assembly thereon. At least one clip is formed as a bent end sufficiently resilient for temporary unbending and displacement over and across the implanted lens peripheral edge to grip the clip thereon, e.g. with the clips being of selected length for maintaining the lens body optical axis concentric or eccentric to the implanted lens optical axis, the assembly upon insertion into the eye being clipped onto the implanted lens such that a bent end clip is last manipulated onto such peripheral edge. US5366502 describes a supplemental intraocular lens that is provided for either preoperative or postoperative attachment to a conventional implanted intraocular lens to provide an adjustable or removable multi-focal optic or to provide a necessary optic of spherical, cylindrical or combination shape for refractive error correction in aphakic patients. An intraocular lens system is also provided including a primary intraocular lens modified to provide for securing a supplemental corrective intraocular lens to the primary lens. Either the primary or supplemental lens could be formed of a suitable multi-focal lens, or both lenses could be mono-focal. The primary intraocular lens is implanted in the anterior chamber of an eye, or in the posterior chamber of an eye between the capsular bag and the iris. W02008094518 describes a multi-component intraocular lens implanted in an optical system of a human eye, including one or more foldable removable components, each component being foldable. One component acts as a base lens, including a flange with an aperture or a slot. Another component acts as a mid lens and a third component acts as a top lens, which engages the mid lens. The top lens and mid lens may be joined to or integrated to form an optical assembly. The top lens, the mid lens or the optical assembly may include at least one projection that engages the slot of the base lens. A medical adhesive may be applied to an outer circumferential surface of the top lens to join the top lens to the mid lens or may be applied to a top surface of the top lens opposing a bottom surface of the mid lens. Because the lens components are foldable, they may be inserted into the eye using an incision smaller than the diameter of the unfolded lens. The removable components may be used to correct various medical conditions of the eye, as well as to improve and enhance vision, and for cosmetic purposes.

Summary of the invention A disadvantage of prior art is that placement of the IOL, and in particular of secondary intraocular lenses, may be very difficult, with a high chance of damaging the capsular bag during the medical procedure. This is even more a problem if additional manipulations, for instance in the capsular bag, are required for correcting residual refractive errors.

Hence, it is an aspect of the invention to provide an alternative intraocular lens assembly, which preferably further at least partly obviates one or more of above-described drawbacks. In particular, the intra ocular lens assembly of the invention allows proper and straightforward placement. Alternatively or additionally, it induces less damage to the capsular bag and allows secure positioning.

The invention provides an intra ocular lens assembly of claim 1. In particular, said intra ocular lens assembly comprising an intra ocular lens structure (IOL) for placement in a capsular bag of an eye, said IOL comprising an optical structure comprising a perimeter, at least two posterior supports, coupled to and extending from said perimeter of said optical structure, for residing inside the capsular bag when the IOL is implanted in the capsular bag, and at least two anterior supports, coupled to and extending from said perimeter of said optical structure, for residing outside the capsular bag when the IOL is implanted in the capsular bag, the anterior supports and the posterior supports mutually positioned on said perimeter for holding an anterior capsular bag flap between them for securing the optical structure of the IOL aligned with an opening in an anterior part of the capsular bag, said intra ocular lens assembly further comprising a secondary intra ocular lens (S-IOL) for attachment on an anterior side of the IOL, said S-IOL comprising a secondary optical structure comprising a secondary perimeter, and at least two fixing parts coupled with said secondary perimeter and each for coupling with one of said anterior supports, for fixing said S-IOL onto said IOL with the optical structure and the secondary optical structure aligned, and a ring about said secondary optical structure, with an inner perimeter of said ring attached to the secondary perimeter, said inner perimeter fitting about the perimeter of the optical structure of the IOL.

The IOL can be inserted into the capsular bag. The anterior and posterior supports allow fixing the IOL with its optical structure aligned with an opening, in particular an aperture or orifice, in a capsular bag. It was found that the IOL due to its possibility for stabile and accurate positioning with its optical structure positioned aligned with, more in particular in, the opening in the capsular bag provides a solid platform for additional refractive corrections.

The terms “anterior” and “posterior” relate to an arrangement of features relative to the propagation of the light into the eye. Thus, light enters through the cornea and passes the iris through the pupil. Cornea and iris are here considered anterior parts of the eye. Subsequently, the light propagates to the retina that is located in the posterior part of the eye.

The axis of an eye can be the optical axis, or can be the visual axis, the line of sight, or the pupillary axis. In figure 36, these axes are indicated.

An eye has a capsular bag that usually holds the natural lens. In conditions where that natural lens needs to be removed, an empty capsular bag remains. Usually, for removal of the natural lens, first an opening is made in the anterior part of the capsular bag. Part of the capsular bag membrane is removed. It leaves a through hole with a surrounded by a peripheral edge defining the perimeter. Such an opening can for instance be circular or elliptic. The anterior membrane of the capsular bag is thus provided with an aperture, providing an orifice that gives access to the capsular bag.

The part of the capsular bag that is closest to the cornea is here also referred to as the anterior capsular bag part. The remaining anterior capsular bag part that surrounds the mentioned opening is referred to as the anterior capsular bag flap. It can also be seen as a ring of capsular bag membrane.

The capsular bag also has a posterior part. That is the part of the capsular bag that is closest to the retina. The average capsular bag thickness is between 4 and 9 microns for the posterior capsular bag part and between 10 to 20 microns for the anterior capsular bag part.

In a procedure for removal of the natural lens, the opening in the anterior capsular bag can be made using a laser cutting device. This procedure for making the opening in the capsular bag is also referred to as capsulotomy. This laser-assisted procedure allows a very accurate positioning and shape of the opening in the capsular bag. Furthermore, after removal of the natural lens, it is possible to subsequently make an opening in the posterior part of the capsular bag, the posterior opening. These two openings can be accurately aligned. The shape of the openings can be matched with a shape of a perimeter of the IOL or, more exactly stated, a perimeter about the optical structure of the IOL. Thus, the IOL can fit in the opening perfectly. Finally, the openings can be matched perfectly with an optical axis of the eye. Furthermore, if an optical axis of the IOL is aligned in a predetermined position within the circumference of the IOL, the optical structure of the IOL can be positioned in an optimal manner in the eye. Thus, the optics of the optical structure can be aligned in a predefined manner in the eye. For instance, optical axes may be aligned, but also other predefined configuration may be possible, for instance taking into account the quality of parts of the retina.

In an embodiment, the assembly consists of the IOL and the S-IOL. The S-IOL functions as an additional correction on the IOL. In view of the accurate positioning and fixation of the IOL, it was found that further additional correction in this embodiment may not be needed. In fact, should additional correction be needed, than the S-IOL can be removed and another S-IOL can be inserted. Such an S-IOL may be customized or selected from a predefined set of S-IOLs.

The IOL has an anterior side, which is directed towards a cornea of the eye when the IOL is implanted in an eye and fixed to the capsular bag. The IOL further has a posterior side, which is directed towards a retina of the eye when the IOL is implanted in an eye and fixed to the capsular bag.

In an embodiment, the anterior supports and the posterior supports are mutually positioned on said perimeter for clipping an anterior capsular bag flap between them for securing the optical structure of the IOL in an opening in the anterior part of the capsular bag. This clipping prevents the IOL from independently moving in anterior and posterior direction in the eye. The supports work together to clip the optical structure in the opening in the anterior capsular bag part. In particular, this clipping also prevents rotation of the optical structure in the opening, for instance about an axis normal to the opening. In this sense, the word clipping is use to express holding sheetlike material in the way a paperclip clips onto one or more sheets of paper.

In order to clip the capsular bag flap, various mutual positions of the anterior and posterior supports can be considered. When the IOL is inserted into the capsular bag, the posterior supports remain inside the capsular bag. The anterior supports extend outside the capsular bag. The capsular bag flap is clamped between these supports. The anterior and posterior supports can be substantially in one plane. In such a configuration, in an embodiment, the supports are positioned staggered at the perimeter. For instance, when going around the perimeter, alternately an anterior support and a posterior support are provided. To provide additional clamping force, one or more anterior supports may incline in posterior direction, and/or one or more posterior supports may incline in anterior direction. This may be limited to less than about 10 degrees, more in particular to less than about 5 degrees.

Alternatively, or additionally, the anterior supports and the posterior supports may be at a distance from one another.

The anterior and posterior supports extend from the perimeter. In particular, the supports extend from the perimeter in a radial direction.

The perimeter of the optical structure can be an axially extending surface about the optical structure. The edge of the opening in the anterior capsular bag part can in such an embodiment fit around the perimeter of the optical structure. In an embodiment, taking into account the elasticity of the capsular bag, the perimeter of the opening can be smaller than the perimeter of the optical structure. The capsular bag flap thus fits tightly around the IOL.

Anterior and posterior supports of the IOL in an embodiment comprise support surfaces. The support surfaces can be bounded areas on the anterior respectively the posterior supports that engage the capsular bag surface. In an embodiment, at least one anterior support comprises a posterior side that substantially completely engages the anterior surface of the anterior capsular bag part. In an embodiment, at least one posterior supports comprise an anterior side that substantially completely engages the posterior surface of the anterior capsular bag part.

The invention further pertains to an intra ocular lens structure (IOL) for placement in the capsular bag and securing the IOL in an opening in an anterior part of a capsular bag, with an anterior capsular bag flap surrounding said opening, said IOL having an anterior side which in use when the IOL is implanted in an eye is directed towards a cornea of the eye, and a posterior side which in use when the IOL is implanted in an eye is directed towards a retina of the eye, said IOL comprising: - an optical structure; - at least two posterior supports for when the IOL is implanted in the capsular bag residing in the capsular bag and extending away from said optical structure, said posterior supports adapted for in use providing support surfaces for engaging a posterior surface of an anterior capsular bag flap, and - at least two anterior supports for when the IOL is implanted in the capsular bag residing outside the capsular bag and extending away from said optical structure, said anterior supports adapted for in use providing support surfaces for engaging an anterior surface of an anterior capsular bag flap, wherein a posterior plane defined by the support surfaces of the posterior supports and an anterior plane defined by the support surfaces of the anterior supports are adapted for in use being spaced apart at a distance adapted for holding an anterior capsular bag flap between them for securing the IOL in said opening.

In an embodiment, the IOL is formed as one part. In an embodiment, the IOL is made from a polymer material. In an embodiment, the IOL is foldable. The polymer material allows the IOL to be rolled into a roll with a diameter smaller than 2.5 mm. In order to allow clamping of the anterior capsular bag part, at least the anterior supports are resilient, allowing the IOL to be inserted in the capsular bag and subsequently bringing the anterior supports through the opening in the anterior capsular bag part and in engagement with the anterior surface thereof. In fact, this allows holding the IOL in place.

In an embodiment, the at least two posterior supports extending away from said optical structure are in a functionally opposite direction with respect to one another. In an embodiment, the at least two anterior supports extending away from said optical structure in a functionally opposite direction with respect to one another.

In an embodiment, the anterior plane and said posterior plane are, in particular in use when clamping the capsular bag, spaced apart 5-100 micron. In particular, said posterior and anterior planes are spaced apart 5-50 micron.

In case the support surfaces run about parallel, this distance allows a clamping of the anterior capsular bag flap.

The posterior supports, or at least their support surfaces, may be angled towards the anterior side of the IOL. In that way, after implantation in the capsular bag, the posterior supports can urge against the posterior surface of the capsular bag flap. The posterior supports can be at an angle of up to 10°.

Alternatively or in combination, the anterior supports, or at least their support surfaces, may be angled towards the posterior side of the IOL. In that way, after implantation in the capsular bag, the anterior supports can urge against the anterior surface of the capsular bag flap. The anterior supports can be at an angle of up to 10°.

In an embodiment, the posterior supports and the anterior supports are in perimetrical sense or azimuthal direction shifted with respect to one another. This allows an easier manufacturing, in particular using for instance tooling or moulding technology.

In an embodiment, the posterior supports and said anterior supports extend in perimetrical direction or in azimuthal direction about the optical structure. Thus, a good support of the capsular bag flap can be provided, and even a fixation of the IOL.

In an embodiment, the posterior supports and the anterior supports do not overlap. In fact, when viewed from the anterior side, if the anterior and posterior supports do not overlap, tooling can be simplified. Furthermore, it may even be possible to allow a smaller distance between the anterior and posterior planes. In fact, the support surface of the anterior support may be shifted to -70 micron past the support surface of the posterior support. In particular when the posterior support and the anterior support are resilient, the posterior support and the anterior support may clamp the capsular bag flap between them, thus fixing the IOL in the opening. Thus, when the supports do not overlap, the distance between the anterior and posterior plane can be between -70 and 100 micron. The negative values indicate that when not in use, the anterior support may be places further in posterior direction, past the posterior support. In use however, when holding the capsular bag, the anterior support will be at the anterior side of the anterior part of the capsular bag, and the posterior support will be at the posterior side of the anterior part of the capsular bag.

In an embodiment, the IOL comprises a perimetrical surface surrounding said optical structure and said posterior support and said anterior support extending from said perimetrical surface. In particular, said perimetrical surface defines a radial surface for when implanted engaging a perimetrical edge of the anterior capsular bag flap which defines the perimeter of the opening.

This can provide alignment of the IOL. For instance, if the opening is noncircular, for instance elliptic, and the perimeter of the IOL matches the shape of the opening, the azimuthal orientation of the IOL can be fixed. Thus, specific optical structures can be aligned.

In an embodiment, at least one selected from said posterior supports and said anterior supports is a haptic. In particular, the haptic has an outer diameter of 8-12 mm.

It was found that the IOL thus fits in the capsular bag. It may function as a failsafe if aligning with the opening fails.

In an embodiment, the IOL is formed in one piece, its thickness and flexibility adapted for insertion of the IOL into the eye in a folded manner via a micro insertion.

In an embodiment, the IOL further comprises an at least partially peripheral groove posterior to the posterior supports. In particular, said posterior groove opens in radial direction for receiving, when said IOL is implanted in an eye, at least an edge of a posterior capsular bag flap surrounding a posterior opening in a posterior part of the capsular bag. In an embodiment, the posterior groove is between 0.1 and 0.3 mm deep. In particular said posterior groove is between 0.05-0.2 mm wide. More in particular, the posterior groove is tapered.

In an embodiment, said S-IOL comprises a posterior side facing the anterior side of said IOL, said anterior side of said IOL in use facing an iris of an eye, said ring comprises a posterior surface for engaging the anterior surface of the anterior capsular bag part, in particular said posterior surface axially positioned to at least be in plane with posterior surfaces of the at least two anterior supports, or positioned in posterior direction behind the posterior surfaces.

In an embodiment, said at least two fixing parts are attached to said ring, in particular said fixing parts extending from said posterior side of said ring.

In an embodiment, said at least two fixing parts are attached to said ring and extend in posterior direction beyond the posterior surface of said ring, in particular said fixing parts extend in posterior direction beyond a posterior surface of the anterior support it is coupled with.

In an embodiment, said anterior supports comprise through holes or openings, and said fixing parts comprise ends provided with patches adapted for passing through said openings.

In an embodiment, said inner perimeter of said ring comprises a inner peripheral surface which runs conical, and said perimeter having a conical surface having substantially the same angle as the conical inner peripheral surface, said conical surfaces tapering in anterior direction.

In an embodiment, - said at least two posterior supports comprise closed loops which extend from said optical structure, and each loop has both ends attached to said perimeter, and - said at least two anterior supports are each positioned within one of said loops between said ends.

In an embodiment, said posterior supports and said anterior supports of the IOL are in azimuthal sense (Az) shifted or staggered with respect to one another.

In an embodiment, said posterior supports of the IOL provide anterior support surfaces and said anterior supports of the IOL provide posterior support surfaces that are in azimuthal sense (Az) shifted or staggered with respect to one another, in particular providing in azimuthal sense (Az) each time a posterior support surface and an anterior support surface.

In an embodiment, said posterior supports and said anterior supports of the IOL extend in azimuthal sense (Az) about the optical structure.

In an embodiment, an anterior side of said optical structure and a posterior side of said secondary optical structure facing said optical structure have substantially the same radius of curvature, in particular said anterior side of said optical structure and a posterior side of said secondary optical structure comprise a spacing.

The invention further relates to an intra ocular lens structure (IOL) for placement in the capsular bag, comprising: - an optical structure comprising a perimeter; - at least two posterior supports, coupled to and extending from said perimeter of said optical structure, for residing inside the capsular bag when the IOL is implanted in the capsular bag, and - at least two anterior supports, coupled to and extending from said perimeter of said optical structure, for residing outside the capsular bag when the IOL is implanted in the capsular bag, the anterior supports and the posterior supports mutually positioned on said perimeter for clipping an anterior capsular bag flap between them for securing the optical structure of the IOL aligned with an opening in an anterior part of the capsular bag.

The invention further relates to a secondary intra ocular lens (S-IOL), said S-IOL comprising: - a secondary optical structure; - a ring attached about said secondary optical structure, said ring comprising at least two axial surfaces; - at least two fixing parts extending from said axial surfaces of said ring and holding patches at their ends at a distance from the axial surfaces of the ring.

The invention further relates to a method for fixing the intra ocular assembly of any one of the preceding claims into an eye, the method comprising: - forming an opening in an anterior part of a capsular bag of an eye, in particular performing a laser-assisted capsulotomy, said opening surrounded by an anterior capsular bag flap remaining after forming said opening; - removing a natural lens from the capsular bag through said opening; - inserting the IOL in the capsular bag through said opening; - taking the anterior supports out the capsular bag while leaving the posterior supports inside the capsular bag, thereby securing the IOL aligned in the opening of anterior part of the capsular bag.

In an embodiment, the method comprises colouring the anterior part of the capsular bag with a light absorbing composition having absorption properties selected in order to absorb the laser beam energy.

In an embodiment, said opening is positioned in alignment with an axis of the eye and/or with the optical structure of the IOL.

In an embodiment, said opening is positioned in alignment with an optical and azimuthal axis of the eye and an optical and azimuthal axis of the optical structure of the IOL.

In an embodiment, said opening is circular with a centre aligned with the optical axis of the eye, and the optical structure comprises an optical axis that is aligned with the perimeter of the IOL.

In an embodiment, said opening is non-circular, and said perimeter of said optical structure is circular. This allows applying a tilt to the optical structure with respect to an axis of the eye.

In an embodiment, the method further comprises subsequently inserting an S-IOL in said eye.

In an embodiment, the method further comprising coupling the fixing parts to corresponding anterior supports.

The invention further pertains to a method for fixing the intra ocular structure (IOL) described above into an eye, where the IOL has a perimeter about an optical structure, the method comprising: - forming an opening within the anterior part of a capsular bag of an eye, the opening having a profile matching the perimeter of the IOL, said opening surrounded by an anterior capsular bag flap remaining after forming said opening; - inserting the IOL in the eye with the posterior supports extending in said capsular bag, and - taking the anterior supports out the capsular bag with the anterior support surfaces resting on the anterior surface of the remaining anterior part of the capsular bag surrounding said opening and while leaving the posterior supports inside the capsular bag, the remaining part of the anterior part of the capsular bag surrounding the opening positioned between the posterior and anterior supports, thereby securing the IOL in the opening of anterior part of the capsular bag.

In an embodiment of the method, the opening is aligned with an axis of the eye and/or with the optical structure of the IOL. In case the optical structure is a lens, often an optical axis of this lens is aligned.

In an embodiment of the method, the opening is aligned with an axis and/or an azimuthal axis of the eye and an optical and/or azimuthal axis of the optical structure of the IOL.

In an embodiment of the method, the opening is circular with a centre aligned with an axis of the eye, and/or the optical structure comprises an optical axis that is aligned with the perimeter of the IOL.

In an embodiment of the method, the perimeter is circular.

In an embodiment of the method, the capsular bag further comprises a posterior part, said method further comprise: - forming a posterior opening in the posterior part of the capsular bag, said posterior opening surrounded by an posterior capsular bag flap remaining after forming said posterior opening; - applying an edge of the posterior capsular bag flap that surround the posterior opening in a posterior groove in the IOL and which at least partially surrounds the optical structure posterior of the posterior supports. Thus the posterior capsular bag flap is secured to the IOL, posterior to the posterior supports.

The invention further relates to an intra ocular lens assembly comprising an intra ocular lens structure (IOL) for placement in a capsular bag of an eye, said IOL comprising: - an optical structure comprising a perimeter; - at least two posterior supports, coupled to and extending from said perimeter of said optical structure, for residing inside the capsular bag when the IOL is implanted in the capsular bag, and - at least two anterior supports, coupled to and extending from said perimeter of said optical structure, for residing outside the capsular bag when the IOL is implanted in the capsular bag, the anterior supports and the posterior supports mutually positioned on said perimeter for holding an anterior capsular bag flap between them for securing the optical structure of the IOL aligned with an opening in an anterior part of the capsular bag, said intra ocular lens assembly further comprising a secondary intra ocular lens (S-10L) for attachment on an anterior side of the IOL, said S-IOL comprising: - a secondary optical structure comprising a secondary perimeter, and - at least two fixing parts, coupled said secondary perimeter and each for coupling with one of said anterior supports, for fixing said S-IOL onto said IOL with the optical structure and the secondary optical structure a ligned.

The S-IOL in an embodiment further comprises positioning parts comprising radial surfaces for engaging the perimeter of the IOL, and axial surfaces in an axial surface plane parallel to a plane of posterior surfaces of the anterior supports and axially positioned in plane or displaced in posterior direction, said positioning parts attached to the S-IOL outside the secondary perimeter.

The term “substantially” herein, such as in “substantially opposite” or in “substantially consists”, will be understood by the person skilled in the art. The term “substantially” may also include embodiments with “entirely”, “completely”, “all”, etc. Hence, in embodiments the adjective substantially may also be removed. Where applicable, the term “substantially” may also relate to 90% or higher, such as 95% or higher, especially 99% or higher, even more especially 99.5% or higher, including 100%. The term “comprise” includes also embodiments wherein the term “comprises” means “consists of’.

The term “functionally” herein, such as in “functionally opposite”, will be understood by the person skilled in the art. It includes for instance exactly opposite, but deviations from exact positioning are also included, as long as in operation, the feature functionally behaves or has the effect of being for instance substantially opposite. The term “functionally” may therefore also include embodiments with “entirely”, “completely”, “all”, etc. Hence, in embodiments the adjective functionally may also be removed. Where applicable, the term “functionally” may also relate to 90% or higher, such as 95% or higher, especially 99% or higher, even more especially 99.5% or higher, including 100%.

Furthermore, the terms first, second, third and the like in the description and in the claims, are used for distinguishing between similar elements and not necessarily for describing a sequential or chronological order. It is to be understood that the terms so used are interchangeable under appropriate circumstances and that the embodiments of the invention described herein are capable of operation in other sequences than described or illustrated herein.

The devices or apparatus herein are amongst others described during operation. As will be clear to the person skilled in the art, the invention is not limited to methods of operation or devices in operation.

It should be noted that the above-mentioned embodiments illustrate rather than limit the invention, and that those skilled in the art will be able to design many alternative embodiments without departing from the scope of the appended claims. In the claims, any reference signs placed between parentheses shall not be construed as limiting the claim. Use of the verb "to comprise" and its conjugations does not exclude the presence of elements or steps other than those stated in a claim. The article "a" or "an" preceding an element does not exclude the presence of a plurality of such elements.

The mere fact that certain measures are recited in mutually different dependent claims does not indicate that a combination of these measures cannot be used to advantage. In fact, many of the features of the current IOL, S-IOL or the assembly can be combined to further improve easy implantation, or fixation.

The invention further applies to an apparatus or device comprising one or more of the characterising features described in the description and/or shown in the attached drawings. The invention further pertains to a method or process comprising one or more of the characterising features described in the description and/or shown in the attached drawings.

The various aspects discussed in this patent can be combined in order to provide additional advantages. Furthermore, some of the features can form the basis for one or more divisional applications.

Brief description of the drawings

Embodiments of the invention will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying schematic drawings in which corresponding reference symbols indicate corresponding parts, and in which:

Figures OA and OB schematically indicate a cross section through an eye before and after removal of the natural lens;

Figure 1 schematically depicts an embodiment of an IOL in anterior view;

Figure 2 shows the embodiment of figure 1 in side view;

Figure 3 shows a detail of figure 2 as indicated;

Figure 4 shows the embodiment of figure 1 in perspective view showing the anterior side;

Figure 5 schematically depicts a posterior side of the IOL of figure 1, with an alternative posterior feature;

Figure 6A shows a cross section of the IOL of figure 1 with the posterior feature of figure 1;

Figure 6B shows a cross section of the IOL of figure 5 with the alternative posterior feature;

Figure 7A shows a detail of figure 6A as indicated;

Figure 7B shows a detail of figure 6B as indicated;

Figure 8 shows yet another alternative embodiment of an IOL in anterior view;

Figure 9 shows an eyeball with an IOL;

Figure 10 shows a detail of figure 9 as indicated with the IOL of figure 1;

Figure 11 shows a detail of figure 9 as indicated, but with an IOL with an alternative posterior feature and a posterior capsular bag part that is intact,

Figure 12 shows a front view of the IOL of figures 4 and 5 with a secondary intraocular lens (S-IOL) attached to it;

Figures 13 and 14 show a perspective view of figure 12 in anterior and posterior view;

Figure 15 shows a cross section of figure 12 as indicated in figure 12;

Figure 16 shows a detail of figure 15 as indicated;

Figure 17 shows a cross section of figure 12 as indicated;

Figure 18 shows a detail of figure 15 as indicated;

Figure 19 shows the S-IOL of figure 12 from its anterior (front) side;

Figure 20 shows the S-IOL of figure 12 from its posterior (rear) side;

Figures 21 and 22 show a perspective view of the S-IOL of figure 19 in anterior and posterior view, respectively;

Figure 23 shows a cross section of figure 19 as indicated;

Figure 24 shows a detail of figure 23 as indicated;

Figure 25 shows a cross section of figure 20 as indicated;

Figure 26 shows a detail of figure 25 as indicated;

Figure 27 shows a cross sectional view of the intra ocular lens assembly of figure 12 fixed to an anterior capsular bag part, showing the flexible clamping using the anterior capsular bag part;

Figure 28 shows a front view or anterior side of the alternative IOL of figures 4 and 5 with an alternative secondary intraocular lens (S-IOL) attached to it;

Figure 29 shows the posterior side of the assembly of figure 28;

Figures 30 and 31 show a perspective view of the S-IOL of figure 28 in anterior and posterior view, respectively;

Figure 32 shows a cross sectional view of the assembly of figure 28 as indicated in that figure 28;

Figure 33 shows a detail of figure 32 as indicated;

Figures 34 and 35 show a perspective view of the alternative S-IOL of figure 28 in anterior and posterior view, respectively, and

Figure 36 an eye from above showing axes in the eye.

The drawings are not necessarily on scale.

Description of preferred embodiments

In this description, first relevant parts of the eye will be described in figures 0A and OB. In figures 1-11, some particular embodiments of an intraocular lens structure (IOL) and its position in an eye (figures 9-11) will be described, and a procedure for placing such an IOL in an eye. In figures 12-35, some embodiments of an intraocular lens assembly will be described which are based upon the IOL described in figures 1- 11.

The eye

In figures OA and OB, schematically a cross section through an eyeball 20 is depicted. In figure OA, the eyeball 20 has a cornea 21, iris 25, pupil 26, and capsular bag 22 with a natural lens 31. The capsular bag 22 has an anterior part 23 and a posterior part 24. In figure OB, the eyeball 20 is shown after the natural lens 31 has been removed, leaving the empty capsular bag 22 with an opening 32, usually having a circular or an elliptic shape. The opening 32 is in the anterior part 23 of the capsular bag 22. In many cases, the centre of the opening 32 will be on an axis of the eye. The axis are defined in figure 36.

In some patients, the posterior part 24 of the capsular bag 22 may not be clear anymore. In these cases, additionally an opening in the posterior part 24 or the capsular bag 22 may be made, referred to as the posterior opening.

In the previous paragraph, the adjectives ‘anterior’ and ‘posterior’ are used. As explained before, the terms “anterior” and “posterior” relate to an arrangement of features relative to the propagation of the light into the eye. Thus, light enters cornea and iris, which are anterior parts of the eye, and propagates to the retina that is located in the posterior part of the eye. Thus, for instance the capsular bag 22 has an anterior part 23 and a posterior part 24. The anterior part, in turn, has a surface directed towards the cornea 21 and the iris 25. This surface will be referred to as the anterior surface of the anterior part 23 of the capsular bag 22. The opposite surface, at the inside of the capsular bag 22, will thus be referred to as the posterior surface of the anterior part 23 of the capsular bag 22.

The intraocular lens structure (IOL)

Next, some embodiments of the intraocular lens structure (IOL) will be described. Figure 1 schematically depicts an embodiment of an intra ocular lens structure (IOL) 1 in anterior view. The anterior side is the side of the IOL 1 that is directed towards the cornea 21 when said IOL 1 is placed in an eye. The side of the IOL 1 that is directed towards the retina after the IOL is implanted in an eye is here referred to as the posterior side of the IOL 1. When a natural lens 31 has to be removed from an eye, usually an opening 32 is made in the anterior part 23 of the capsular bag 22. Subsequently, the natural lens 31 is removed. In specific cases, such as paediatric patients, there may also be a posterior opening made in the posterior part 24 of the capsular bag 22, the part of the capsular bag 22 that is positioned between the natural lens 31 and the retina. The opening 32 and the posterior opening are usually aligned. The openings are often circular, but other shapes may be possible, certainly when using laser-assisted capsulotomy. The openings are usually aligned with an optical axis of the eye, but other positions maybe used. Around the openings, a ring of capsular bag tissue or membrane remains. This ring is also referred to as a capsular bag flap. The ring or flap has an edge bounding the perimeter of the opening 32, or in fact defining the opening 32. The opening 32 has a radial direction, running from the centre of the opening 32 outwards to its perimeter.

The IOL 1 comprises an optical structure 2. The optical structure 2 in many cases is a lens, in fact an anterior lens and a posterior lens. In embodiments like the one shown in figure 1, the optical structure 2 has an anterior lens structure surface 3 and a posterior lens structure surface 4, see figure 2. The optical structure can further be provided with any type of optical structure known in IOLs. In this description, the nature of the optical structure should further not be considered limited. The optical structure can comprise a lens or a closure cap. In an embodiment, both the anterior and posterior sides are provided with a curved surface to provide one or more lenses. Examples of lens optics are a mono focal lens, an astigmatic lens, a multifocal lens, an accommodative lens or a sector bifocal such as for instance disclosed in PCT/NL2012/050115. The optics may be refractive, diffractive, or a combination of both. Furthermore or in combination, the optical structure may comprise an optical filter, and/or a functional layer known to a skilled person. The optical structure may comprise active and/or passive elements. An example of an active element is for instance an liquid crystal optics.

An IOL 1 usually is substantially a flat structure. Its thickness is about 0.1-1 mm. The diameter of IOL 1 usually is about 7-12 mm. The optical structure usually has a diameter of between 4-7 mm. In most embodiments, the optical structure has a diameter of 5-7 mm.

In such a mainly flat structure, an axial sense Ax can be distinguished which can have a posterior direction and an anterior direction. Furthermore, a radial sense Ra can be distinguished. Finally, an azimuthal sense Az can be distinguished, which can have a clockwise and counter clockwise direction. In case the optical structure is a simple, circular lens, the axial sense is the optical axis, and the radial sense is the radial direction of the lens. In figures 1 and 2 these are indicated. In case of other optical structures, the axial, radial and azimuthal sense will be clear to a skilled person.

In an embodiment, the IOL 1 is made from a polymer material. In particular, the IOL 1 is from a polymer material that is foldable. In particular, the supports are resilient. The IOL 1 in an embodiment is made in one piece. In particular, The IOL 1 is pliable to allow it to be rolled up in a small roll with a diameter smaller than 2.5 mm. In particular, it allows rolling the IOL up to a diameter smaller than 1.8 mm. On the other hand, the IOL is dimensionally stable, in particular flexible to be able to unfold from its rolled-up state and to return to its original shape once it is inserted in the capsular bag.

The embodiment of figure 1 is further also shown in detail in figures 2-4, in which figure 2 shows the embodiment of figure 1 in side view, figure 3 shows a detail of figure 2 as indicated in figure 2, and figure 4 shows the embodiment of figure 1 in perspective view, from the anterior side.

The IOL comprises a perimeter 7 about the optical structure 2. The perimeter 7 has a perimetrical surface. The perimeter 7 can match the shape of the opening in the capsular bag. If for instance the opening is circular, the perimeter can be circular. The size of the perimeter is such that it may be a little oversized to stretch the size of the capsular opening a little or matches the size of the opening. In the embodiment of figure 1, the optical structure 2 comprises a curved surface providing a lens. The lens in this embodiment is circular and has an optical axis. The perimetrical surface here extends parallel to the optical axis. The perimeter provides here a cylindrical surface. In case of a circular perimeter 7, the perimetrical surface is circle cylindrical, in the embodiment of figure 1 even right circle cylindrical. A non-circular shape of the opening and the perimeter 7 can have advantages for preventing rotation of the IOL 1 about the optical axis. For instance, the opening can be elliptical, and the perimeter 7 can be elliptical, matching the elliptical shape of the opening. Alternatively, an alignment feature, for instance a cam, can be provided at the perimeter 7, and a matching feature can be provided to the opening. The rotational fixation can for instance be advantageous in case of astigmatic optics. It an embodiment, for instance shown in fig 1 and figure 8, the diameter of perimeter 7 is larger than the perimeter 10 of the optical structure 2. Perimeter 7 can for instance be 0.5-2 mm larger than perimeter 10 of the optical structure 2.

The IOL 1 comprises posterior supports 5, 5’ here at opposite sides of the optical structure 2. The posterior supports 5, 5’ extend away from the optical structure. In particular, the posterior supports 5, 5’ extend away in sideward direction with respect to the optical structure 2. The posterior supports 5, 5’ have support surfaces 13, 13’, also referred to as the support surfaces of the posterior supports 5, 5’. These support surfaces 13, 13’ are here in a plane, referred to as the posterior plane. In the specific embodiment of figure 1, where the perimeter discussed above is cylindrical, the posterior plane is perpendicular to the cylindrical surface of the perimeter 7.

The posterior supports 5, 5’ here form loops that have two ends attached to the perimeter 7.

The optical structure 2 usually has a diameter of between 4-7 mm. The perimeter 7 usually has a diameter of between 4-7 mm. In the embodiments shown in the drawings, the anterior supports 6, 6’ and the posterior supports 5, 5’ are attached to the perimeter 7.

When the IOL 1 is implanted, the support surfaces 13, 13’ of the posterior supports 5, 5’engage the posterior surface of the anterior part 23 of the capsular bag 22. In an embodiment, the posterior supports 5, 5’ and thus at least part of the support surfaces can be angulated between 0-10 degrees in anterior direction. In an embodiment, when implanted, the surface of perimeter 7 engages or almost engages the edge of the opening in the anterior capsular bag, and the support surface 13, 13’ of the posterior supports 5, 5’ in fact nestles against the posterior surface of the anterior capsular bag. To that end, the support surface 13, 13’ can be adapted to hold the surface of the capsular bag. For instance, cams or rims may be provided.

At least one of the surfaces of the posterior supports can be roughened, for instance sand blasted, in order to prevent reflections of light.

The IOL 1 further comprises anterior supports 6, 6’. The anterior supports 6, 6’ also extend sideward with respect to the optical structure 2. The anterior supports provide the support surfaces 14, 14’ of the anterior supports 6, 6’. When the IOL 1 is implanted, these anterior supports 6, 6’ are outside of the capsular bag 22. The support surfaces 14, 14’ are designed and adapted for, when the IOL 1 is implanted, engaging the anterior surface of the anterior part of the capsular bag. Again, these support surfaces 14, 14’ are in a plane, referred to as the anterior plane. In an embodiment, when implanted, the surface of perimeter 7 engages or almost engages the edge of the opening in the anterior capsular bag, and the support surface 14, 14’ of the anterior supports 5, 5’ in fact can be made to nestle against the anterior surface of the anterior capsular bag. Both surfaces are thus in almost complete physical contact. To that end, the support surface 14, 14’ can be adapted to hold the surface of the capsular bag. For the anterior supports to actually reach outside the capsular bag and be able to nestle against the anterior surface of the anterior capsular bag, usually requires some manipulation of the person implanting the IOL 1.

The anterior plane is functionally parallel to the posterior plane. Side view figure 2 shows this. In particular, these planes are parallel when holding the capsular bag 22 between them. The distance between the posterior support surfaces 14, 14’ of the anterior support 6, 6’ and the anterior support surfaces 13, 13’ of the posterior support 5, 5’ are such that they can hold the anterior part 23 of the capsular bag 22 between them. The anterior supports 6, 6’ and the posterior supports 5, 5, are positioned such that their support surfaces comprise a spacing 11 between them. In fact, the distance between the posterior plane and/or the anterior plane is adapted for holding the anterior capsular bag flap 23 between them for securing the IOL 1 in the opening when the IOL 1 is implanted. In fact, the distance between the posterior plane and the anterior plane can be adapted to the thickness of the anterior part of the capsular bag. It was found that the posterior supports 5, 5’ and the anterior supports 6, 6’ were able to hold the anterior capsular bag flap between them if the distance is between 5 and 100 microns. In particular, the posterior plane and the anterior plane are spaced apart 15-50 microns. The distance provides the spacing 11. In case the distance is less than 20 microns the flap will be securely clamped and possible rotation of the lens prevented.

In the embodiment of figure 1, the posterior supports 5, 5’ and the anterior supports 6, 6’ are staggered. In fact, when viewed from the anterior direction, the posterior supports 5, 5’ and the anterior supports 6, 6’ do not overlap. This may also be referred to as that the posterior supports 5, 5’ and the anterior supports 6, 6’ are staggered in a perimetrical sense or azimuth sense (Az, figure 1). In this sense, staggered is used as in a ‘staggered junction’.

In particular, when the posterior supports 5, 5’ and the anterior supports 6, 6’ are staggered, the posterior plane and the anterior plane are parallel or substantially parallel when the anterior part of the capsular bag is held between them.

In the embodiment of figure 1, the posterior supports 5, 5’ of IOL 1 are closed loops. In the embodiment of figure 1, the posterior supports 5, 5’ of IOL 1 have a diameter of about 7-12 mm, and a thickness of between 0.15-0.4 mm, in particular between 0.20-0.35 mm.

Alternatively, the ends of the loops may also be removed, turning posterior supports 5, 5’ in fact each into two posterior supports, resulting in four posterior supports 5, 5’. The radially extended posterior supports or loop supports may in fact act as safeguard if placement of IOL 1 in the opening 32 can not be accomplished for some reason.

The thickness of the anterior supports 6, 6’ can be between 0.04 and 0.25 mm, in particular between 0.05 and 0.20 mm.

In the embodiment of figure 1, the IOL 1 at or near the perimeter 7 has at least one in perimeter or azimuthal direction extending space 19 between a posterior support 5, 5’ and an anterior support 6, 6’. This space facilitates manufacturing, and also facilitates getting the anterior support 6, 6’ through the opening 32 and out of the capsular bag as it provides room for insertion of an instrument when inserting and positioning the IOL 1. In the embodiment of figure 1, at each transition from anterior support 6, 6’ to posterior supports 5, 5’ there is a azimuthal space 19.

It was found that in order to support the posterior side of the anterior part of the capsular bag, the posterior supports 5, 5’ extend at least about 0.5 mm away from the perimeter, in radial direction. In particular, the posterior supports 5, 5’ extend at least 1.0 mm in radial direction.

It was found that in order to support the anterior side of the anterior part of the capsular bag, at least one of the anterior supports 6, 6’ extend at least about 0.3 mm away from the perimeter, in radial direction. In particular, the anterior supports 6, 6’ extend at least 0.5 mm in radial direction.

In the embodiment of the IOL 1 of figure 1, the IOL 1 has additional anterior supports 8, 8’. These anterior supports are here referred to as anterior lips 8, 8’. These in use also extend outside the capsular bag 22. They complement the other anterior supports 6, 6’ and provide additional clamping of the anterior capsular bag part 23. The anterior lips 8, 8’ have posterior surfaces 17, 17’ that rest against the outside of the capsular bag 22, against the anterior surface of the anterior capsular bag part 23. The anterior lips 8, 8’ here extend in perimeter (or azimuthal) direction about 0.1-2 mm. The anterior lips 8, 8’ extend in radial direction, i.e. away from the optical structure 2 and the perimeter 7, about 0.1-1.3 mm, in particular about 0.4-1.0 mm. In this embodiment, the anterior lips 8, 8’ extend about 0.3 mm.

In figure 8, an embodiment of an IOL 1 is shown in which the anterior supports 6, 6’ have an alternative shape. In this embodiment, the anterior supports 6, 6’ are provided with a support opening 18, 18’. Through these support openings 18, 18’, an instrument can be inserted for pulling the anterior supports 6, 6’ back through the opening 32 in the capsular bag after the IOL was inserted in the capsular bag. The anterior supports 6, 6’ thus reach outside the capsular bag. The diameter of the support opening 18, 18’ can be 0.2-1.5 mm.

In figures 6A and 6B, two different embodiments of posterior features that influence the posterior part of the capsular bag can be seen.

In figures 5, 6B and 7B, showing respectively a perspective view from the posterior side, a cross section and a detail of the cross section of figure 6B as indicated, the posterior side of the IOL 1 at and near the perimeter is provided with a sharp rim 16 to prevent growth of tissue from the posterior capsular bag part. Such growth of tissue can cause posterior capsul opacification.

In figures 2, 3, 6A and 7A, an alternative embodiment of posterior features is shown. Figure 2 shows a side view, figure 3 shows a detail as indicated, figure 6A shows a cross sectional view of the IOL of figure 1, and figure 7A shows a detail as indicated in figure 6A.

The IOL of this embodiment has a circumferential posterior groove 12, extending posterior to the posterior supports 5, 5’ and the anterior supports 6, 6’. In fact, the posterior groove 12 is here provided posterior to the posterior surface 15, 15’ of the posterior supports 5, 5’. The posterior groove 12 is provided to receive and hold the edge around the posterior opening, i.e., the opening in the posterior capsular bag. As explained, such a posterior opening can be made by a second capsulotomy performed on the posterior part 24 of the capsular bag 22. The edge around the posterior opening is slipped into posterior groove 12 after the IOL 1 is positioned in the opening in the anterior capsular bag part. To that end, the IOL can be gently urged backward until the edge or rim of the posterior opening slips into the posterior groove 12. The posterior groove 12 here has a depth of 0.1-0.3 mm. The posterior groove 12 is shaped to receive the edge around a posterior opening. The posterior groove 12 can be a rectangular groove. Here it is wedge-shaped. It has walls at an angle of between 10 and 60 degrees, in particular about 40-50 degrees. This posterior groove 12 will seal the posterior opening, preventing capsule opacification.

The IOL positioned in the eye

Figure 9 shows in cross sectional view an eyeball with an IOL 1 in inserted position inside capsular bag 22. The eyeball 20 has a cornea 21, an iris 25 with a pupil 26, and the capsular bag 22.

In figure 36, showing a cross section through the eye from above (NS=Nasal side, TS=Temporal Side), several axes of the eye 20 are defined: 1. The visual axis 51, which goes through the fixed object point and the nodal point N of the eye. If the function of the nodal points is taken into account, the ray, which represents the visual axis 51, passes to the retina through the fovea 48. 2. The optical axis 47, which is perpendicular to the cornea surface and passes the iris 25 pupil 26 at the midpoint. Since the fovea 48 is not located central to the eyeball 20, the optical axis 47 differs from the visual axis 51. The optical axis 51 is the geometrical symmetry axis of the eye-ball system and is different from the optical central ray, which reaches the central point of the fovea and passes obliquely through the eye system. 3. The line of sight 50 is the axis, which goes through the object point and the centre of the entrance pupil 26. It is the ray, which passes through the centroid of the light bundle and is the axis of the ray cone, which enters the eye 20. Typically, the angle between the line of sight and the optical axis 47 lies in the range between 3° and 8°. The centre of the entrance pupil 26 is shifted towards the nasal side (NS) due to the asymmetrical imaging through the cornea system and the off-axis position of the fovea. 4. The pupillary axis 49, which passes through the centre of the entrance pupil 26 and is perpendicular to the front surface of the cornea.

The field of view for monocular sight covers the whole retina without the small portion of the blind spot. Usually humans tend to rotate the eye to the most favourable position where the image is generated in the fovea 48. If the eye 20 is moved in this way into a position of optimal orientation so that the image is in the central part of the fovea, the optical system of the eye is not used as a centered system. Nevertheless, the tilt is small and spherical aberration and astigmatism are the dominating aberrations of the eye.

In figure 10, a detail of figure 9 is shown with the IOL 1 of figure 1 inserted. The IOL 1 in this example is provided with the posterior groove 12 described earlier.

Here, the posterior capsular bag 24 has the posterior opening explained earlier. The rim of the posterior opening is positioned in the posterior groove 12. The anterior capsular bag flap (a ring of capsular bag membrane material) which remains after an opening is made in the anterior capsular bag part 23 is held between the anterior support 6 and the posterior support 5. The support surface of the anterior support 6 and the support surface of the posterior support 5 both rest against the anterior capsular bag flap, and in fact, although perhaps not indicated that way, may even clamp that flap between them.

In figure 11, a detail similar to that of figure 9 is shown, but with an IOL 1 with an alternative posterior feature. In this case, the posterior capsular bag part 24 does not have an opening: the posterior capsular bag part 24 is in tact and rests against the posterior surface 4 of IOL 1.

In both figures 10 and 11, the posterior supports 5, 5’ have a large diameter. The IOL 1, however, is positioned in opening 32 by means of the anterior and posterior supports, possibly combined with mutual fitting of perimeter 7 and the length of the perimeter of opening 32. Thus, the radial dimension of the posterior supports 5, 5’ may be reduced.

Insertion of the IOL in an eye

Insertion of the IOL 1 described so far will be explained below. An example of a procedure of making the incision and implanting the IOL is as such for instance described in US5376115, which is incorporated by reference as if fully set forth. In particular, it describes: A surgical method gaining in popularity is the phacoemulsification technique, that utilises ultrasonic vibrations to fragment the lens nucleus, thus allowing removal of the lens material through an incision that is approximately 3 mm long. The benefits of a small incision are faster visual rehabilitation, faster healing and less astigmatism than with conventional large incisions. A hollow titanium needle with a diameter of about 1 mm is activated to vibrate by a magnetostrictive ultrasonic mechanism. The mechanical vibrations transform the lens into an emulsion, hence the name phacoemulsification.

As the phacoemulsification technique has been refined the construction of the incision has developed to allow sealing of the wound without the need for sutures— "self sealing incisions".

According to the reference, the technique is described for instance in J Cataract Refract Surg 16(5) (1990) pp. 567-577 by Menapace, R. et al and in Ophthalmology (U.S.) 100(2) (1993) pp. 159-163 by Ormerod, L.D. et al. US 5376115 further describes an example of insertion of an IOL.

This may be combined with the following procedure. Before inserting the IOL 1 into the capsular bag, first an opening is made in the anterior part of the capsular bag. Using for instance a laser device like the Femto laser, an opening or aperture can be made in the anterior membrane or anterior capsule of the capsular bag that has a precise shape and precise position. This procedure is also referred to as ‘Capsularhexis’, although recent literature refers to a laser-based procedure as ‘Capsulotomy’, and uses that term in contrast to ‘Capsularhexis’, which term is then used to refer to mechanically tearing or cutting an opening in the capsular bag. Other laser-based procedures are currently also developing. In these procedures, a laser beam is directed through the cornea and into the eye, where its energy is absorbed in an internal structure in order to cut that structure. In one of these procedures, the anterior capsular bag membrane is coloured with a light-absorbing agent. The absorption properties of that light-absorbing agent are selected in order to absorb the laser beam energy.

In many cases, for instance in case of a cataract, in a next step the cloudy natural lens is removed through the opening in the capsular bag. In this step, the natural lens can be treated with a laser first, before it is removed, for instance with a phaco emulsification device. Removal of the natural lens as such is known to skilled person.

In an optional next step, a posterior opening can be made in the posterior part of the capsular bag, in the posterior membrane or posterior capsule of the capsular bag.

An example of such a classic Capsularhexis procedure and the use of a laser device in such a procedure is described in US 8409182, which is incorporated herein by reference as if fully set forth. For instance in column 3, an example of steps in a Capsularhexis procedure or, more specific, a capsulotomy procedure, is described. The laser-assisted procedure allows accurate positioning as well as shaping of the opening. Furthermore, such a procedure can leave a relatively strong edge around the created opening in the capsular bag. In particular, regarding a laser-based procedure the following was found. METHODS: Capsulotomies performed by an optical coherence tomography-guided femtosecond laser were evaluated in porcine and human cadaver eyes. Subsequently, the procedure was performed in 39 patients as part of a prospective randomized study of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery. The accuracy of the capsulotomy size, shape, and centration were quantified and capsulotomy strength was assessed in the porcine eyes. RESULTS: Laser-created capsulotomies were significantly more precise in size and shape than manually created capsulorhexes. In the patient eyes, the deviation from the intended diameter of the resected capsule disk was 29 pm + 26 (SD) for the laser technique and 337 + 258 pm for the manual technique. The mean deviation from circularity was 6% and 20%, respectively. The centre of the laser capsulotomies was within 77 + 47 pm of the intended position. All capsulotomies were complete, with no radial nicks or tears. The strength of laser capsulotomies (porcine subgroup) decreased with increasing pulse energy: 152 ± 21 mN for 3 mJ, 121 ± 16 mN for 6 mJ, and 113 ± 23 mN for 10 mJ. The strength of the manual capsulorhexes was 65 ± 21 mN. CONCLUSION: The femtosecond laser produced capsulotomies that were more precise, accurate, reproducible, and stronger than those created with the conventional manual technique.

Source: J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 2011; 37:1189-1198 Q 2011 ASCRS and ESCRS.

Test further showed the following results. METHODS: Ten fresh pig eyes were randomly assigned to femtosecond laser-assisted capsulotomy or manual capsulotomy. The capsule was immersed in hyaluronic acid, and retractors were fixed in the capsule opening with a pull-force measuring device. The force necessary to break the capsulotomy was measured in millinewtons (mN); the maximum stretching ratio was also assessed. RESULTS: The observed mean rupture force (i.e., maximum amount of force measured immediately before tissue rupture) was 113 mN ±12 (SD) in the laser-assisted procedure and 73+ 22 mN in the manual procedure (P<.05). The stretching ratios were 1.60+ 0.10 (femtosecond) and 1.35+ 0.04 (manual) (P<.05). CONCLUSION: In this laboratory pig-eye study, femtosecond laser-assisted capsulotomy resulted in a significantly stronger anterior capsule opening than the standard manually performed capsulotomy.

Source: J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 2013; 39:105-109 Q 2013 ASCRS and ESCRS. A very accurate positioning of an opening 32 in a capsular bag 22, and a very accurately shape of the opening 32, allows an accurate positioning and orientation of the IOL 1 described, and is in particular advantageous when using the current IOL or IOL/S-IOL combination.

The IOL 1 can be used in the following way. Often, the IOL 1 is inserted in the capsular bag via a micro incision in the eye. Via an insertion device, the IOL outside the eye is rolled up and urged forward through a nozzle that fits through the incision in the eye. The rolled-up IOL 1 enters the capsular bag via the opening. The rolled-up IOL 1 unfolds inside the capsular bag.

Next, using a small tool, the anterior supports 6, 6’ are manipulated to fold back through the opening 32 in the anterior capsular bag part 23 to extend outside the capsular bag 22. Using the same or an identical tool, the lips 8, 8’ may be manipulated to also extend through the opening 32 and to reach out of the capsular bar 22. The posterior surfaces 17 and 17’ of the lips 8, 8’ will then rest on the anterior surface of the anterior part 23 of the capsular bag 22. If the posterior capsule is opened as well then in a second manoeuvre by gently pushing the IOL a little bit downward the posterior flap will be secured in the posterior groove 12.

The intraocular lens assembly and the secondary intraocular lens (S-IOL)

In the next figures 12-35, some embodiments of the intraocular lens assembly and the secondary intraocular lens (S-IOL) will be described. In figures 12-27, a first embodiment of the intraocular lens assembly will be described that is based on the IOL 1 that is described separately in figures 1-7B. In figures 28-35, a second embodiment of the intraocular lens assembly is based on the IOL 1 that is described separately in figure 8. It should be noted, as mentioned before, that the rear feature of the posterior rim 16 and the posterior groove 12 can both be used in these designs, and may even be combined. The embodiments shown here use the posterior rim 16.

In figures 12-18, several views are shown of the intraocular lens assembly comprising the IOL 1 and a secondary intraocular lens (S-IOL) 30. Figure 12 shows a view from the anterior side, figures 13 and 14 show a perspective view from respectively the anterior side and the posterior side, and figure 15-18 show various cross sections and details. In figures 19-26, some details of the S-IOL 30 of the first embodiment are shown.

The S-IOL 30 has an anterior surface 33 and a posterior surface 34. Posterior surface 34 of the S-IOL 30 faces the anterior surface of the IOL 1. The S-IOL 30 has a secondary optical structure 35. Such an optical structure 35 may be a simple lens having a spherical positive or negative dioptre. Often, the spherical dioptre is between -8.0 and +8.0. Alternatively or additionally, the optical structure 35 may also comprise a near part (‘reading part’), astigmatic optics, torical optics, and combinations thereof. Furthermore, multifocal optics as described in WO2012/118371 can also be used. Also other active or passive optics known to a skilled person may be used. The secondary optical structure 35 has a secondary perimeter 36. Coupled to the secondary perimeter 36 are fixing parts 37, 37’.

At their posterior side 38, 38’, the fixing parts 37, 37’ have lips 39, 39’. Lips 39, 39’ extend in inward direction with respect to the perimeter. The lips 39, 39’ are thus spaced from the posterior surface 34 of the secondary optical structure 35. In this embodiment, the fixing parts 37, 37’ are adapted to reach about anterior supports or anterior lips 8, 8’. In this way, the part of the lips 39, 39’ are located at the posterior side of anterior supports 8, 8’. They are thus at least partly positioned between the anterior support 8, 8’ and the capsular bag 22. The elasticity of the capsular bag urges the lips 39, 39’ against the anterior supports 8, 8’. This helps in fixation. Furthermore, as the parts are pushed together, it is possible to further fix them together through cohesion if similar materials are used. The thickness of the lips 39, 39’ is between 0.1 and 0.4 mm, more in particular between 0.15 and 0.25 mm.

In this embodiment of the assembly, the fixing parts 37, 37’ thus hook behind anterior supports, here the anterior supports 8, 8’ that are also referred to as anterior lips 8, 8’. The fixing parts 37, 37’ in this embodiment thus provide hooks. These hooks have ends that extend at the posterior surface of the anterior supports, here anterior supports 8, 8’. Furthermore, in this embodiment the fixing parts 37, 37’ provide hooks that hook about radial ends of the anterior supports 8, 8’.

The S-IOL further comprises openings 40, 40’ outside the perimeter 36 of the secondary optical structure 35. These openings 40, 40’ are furthermore azimuthally positioned at the locations of the fixing parts 37, 37’. Through the openings, the lips 39, 39’ of the fixing parts 37, 37’ are visible when viewing the S-IOL from its anterior side. In azimuthal sense, the openings 40, 40 extend beyond the azimuthal width of the lips 39, 39’. This makes production of the S-IOL for instance by tooling or moulding possible. Furthermore, it allows visual inspection of the positioning of the fixing parts 37, 37’ hooking behind the anterior supports 8, 8’. Openings 40, 40’ can be about 0.7x2.5 mm. Openings 40, 40’ furthermore allow exchange of liquids between parts of the eye and/or of the liquid between the IOL 1 and the S-IOL 30.

In this embodiment, the S-IOL 30 further comprises a ring 41 about the perimeter 36 of the secondary optical structure 35. The ring 41 is here attached to the optical structure. In fact, the ring 41 is here formed together with the secondary optical structure 35 as one part. Here, the fixing parts 37, 37’ are in turn attached to the perimeter of the ring 41. If the secondary optical structure 35 is circular, the ring 41 often also is circular.

Ring 41 of S-IOL 30 in this embodiment provides (additional) axial and radial positioning of the S-IOL 30 on the IOL 1, as well as support for the secondary optical structure 35. Ring 41 provides a posterior ring surface 42 for engaging the anterior surface of the capsular bag flap 23 adjacent the opening 32 in the capsular bag 22. In fact, in an embodiment, the ring 41 can be dimensioned to match the opening 32 in the capsular bag 22. For instance, the inner diameter of the ring 41 can have at least the diameter of the opening 32. In an embodiment, the inner perimeter of ring 41 has a diameter to at least fit around opening 32. The posterior ring surface 42 can be adapted to the surface of the capsular bag. Thus, usually, the posterior ring surface 42 is in a plane, in particular a flat plane. In particular, posterior ring surface 42 has a height of 0. 05-0.5 mm. Thus posterior ring surface 42 provides axial positioning.

The inner diameter of ring 41 in another or combined embodiment matches the diameter of the perimeter 7 of the optical structure of the IOL 1. The ring 41 fits around the perimeter 7. In an embodiment, ring 41 fits around perimeter 7. Inner peripheral surface 44 of ring 41 thus provides radial positioning of the S-IOL 30 on the IOL 1. In the embodiment shown, the shape of the ring 41 of the S-IOL 30 is adapted to the perimeter 7 of the IOL 1. Often, the inner peripheral ring surface 44 is cylindrical. If the ring 41 is circular, the inner ring surface 44 may be circle cylindrical. In such an embodiment, the inner ring surface 44 may engage perimeter 7 of the IOL 1, which can be seen in figures 14 and 31. Thus, radial positioning is provided.

In order to provide easier application, the inner peripheral surface 44 can be conical, or tapered, and the perimeter of the IOL 1 can be conical or taper correspondingly. Thus, bringing the S-IOL 30 on the IOL 1 can be easier, and once fitted, the surface of the perimeter 7 and the inner peripheral ring surface engage.

In order to fit the S-IOL 30 onto the IOL 1 better, the ring 41 can be provided with recesses or cut-outs 43 for allowing the anterior and/or posterior supports to pass the ring 41. In an embodiment, the cut-outs 43 are shaped such that a cut-out 43 matches the shape of the supports that passes that cut-out 43. Thus, further fixation is possible, and even fixing through local cohesion between the IOL 1 and the S-IOL 30 where surfaces of the IOL 1 and the S-IOL 30 are in contact. In particular if the materials of the IOL 1 and the S-IOL 30 are of a similar nature, it was found that parts of the IOL 1 and the S-IOL 30 that are in contact with one another stick onto one another. With similar nature in this respect is meant that for instance the polymers used are of the same type. For instance, both the IOL 1 and the S-IOL 30 are made from either hydrophilic or hydrophobic polymers selected from acrylate, silicon-based polymers, of other know materials. In these materials, the hardness may differ.

Ring 41 furthermore can provide a spacing between the posterior surface 34 of the secondary optical structure 35 and the anterior surface 3 of the optical structure 2. The distance can be 0.05-0.2 mm. In particular, the spacing can be 0.05-0.15 mm. The spacing allows formation of a liquid film that can act as an additional lens, often adding -2 to +2 Dioptre.

The radial ends of fixing parts 37, 37’ are rounded in order to prevent interference with the iris.

In use, after the IOL 1 is inserted, positioned and fixed as described above, usually some time later the refractive error of the person that received the IOL 1 will be determined. Based upon the measured values, an S-IOL 30 will be selected form a set of S-IOL’s that has an optical structure 35 that will for instance correct any remaining optical imperfections as much as possible, or it may provide for instance a reading part. Alternatively, such an S-IOL can be custom made. Using the previous incision that was also used for inserting the IOL1, the S-IOL 30 can be inserted in the eye. Thus, no new refractive errors due to incisions will be introduced. Using the openings 40, 40’ the S-IOL 30 can be manipulated and positioned with its posterior surface 34 facing the anterior side 3 of the IOL 1. Next, the fixing parts 37, 37’ will be fitted about the ends of anterior supports 8, 8’. The posterior surfaces of the fixing parts 37, 37’ are pushed tightly against the anterior surface of the capsular bag and deform it. In figure 27, this is clearly indicated in the cross section through a lip 39 and anterior support 8. The elasticity of the capsular bag assists in fixing the intra ocular lens assembly. Furthermore, in an embodiment the posterior ring surface 42 pushes against the capsular bag surface. From inside the capsular bag 22, posterior support pushes against the capsular bag. This provides additional clamping of the capsular bag.

In figures 28-35, a second embodiment of the intraocular lens assembly is shown. This assembly comprises the IOL 1 described in figure 8. In this embodiment, the anterior supports 6, 6’ comprise support openings or through holes 18, 18’. In this embodiment, the S-IOL 30 comprises fixing parts 37, 37’ that reach through the openings 18, 18’ through the anterior supports 6, 6’. At their ends, the fixing parts 37, 37’ each have a locking part 46 extending to the posterior surface 14, 14’ of the anterior supports 6, 6’. In figure 29, the view on the posterior side, it can be seen how the locking parts 46 extend to the posterior surface 14, 14’ of the anterior supports 6, 6’. When the intra ocular lens assembly is in use and placed in the opening and fixed to the capsular bag flap 23, the relatively elastic tissue of the capsular bag 22 will push against both the posterior surface 14, 14’ of the anterior supports 6, 6’ and pushes the locking parts 46 in anterior direction against that posterior surface 14, 14’ of the anterior supports 6, 6’, thus further blocking the fixing parts 37, 37 from getting back through openings 18, 18’. A further advantage of the fixing parts 37, 37’ that reach through openings 18, 18’ in the anterior supports 6, 6’ is that rotation of the S-IOL 30 is blocked. The S-IOL 30 is thus fixed to the IOL 1 in axial (Ax), radial (Ra), and azimuthal (Az) sense.

Using the laser-assisted procedure, it is further possible to produce through holes in the anterior capsular bag part 23 at a small distance from the edge of opening 32. In particular, these small through holes (additional capsulotomies) can be produced at the locations of openings 18, 18’ in the anterior supports 6, 6’. The fixing parts 37, 37 in this case may also reach through these through holes in the anterior capsular bag 23 to provide additional clamping and securing. Alternatively or additionally, further fixing means on the S-IOL may be provided that reach through these through holes in the anterior capsular bag part 23.

The S-IOL 30 in this embodiment further again comprises a ring 41 about the perimeter 36 of the optical structure 35. This ring 41 has the same features described above, but in some instances designed differently. The fixing parts 37, 37’ are in this embodiment attached to the posterior ring surface 42 of ring 41. In particular, fixing parts 37, 37’ here extend from that surface. The ends of the fixing parts 37, 37’ are provided with patches 46 that provide surfaces that are here in plane with the posterior ring surface 42, but these surfaces may extend further in posterior direction/posterior sense/axial sense. The patches may be sized to fit the openings or holes 18, 18’ in the anterior supports 6, 6’ they should pass when positioning and fixing the S-IOL 30 on the IOL 1. There, the fixing parts 37, 37’ are located in cut-outs 43 for the anterior supports 6, 6’. Thus, the further posterior ring surface 42 in use can rest or even press against the capsular bag as explained. Due to the cut-outs or recesses 43, the posterior ring surface 42 is divided into separate areas. Usually, these areas are in one plane to be able to engage the capsular bag surface. The depth of cut-outs or recesses 43 is adapted that the surface of the recesses or cut-outs 43 engages the anterior surfaces of the anterior supports 6, 6’, 8, 8’.

The S-IOL 30 further comprises cut-outs 45 in it perimeter at the fixing parts 37, 37’. Thus, the ends of fixing parts 37, 37’, in particular the patches 46, are visible when the S-IOL is viewed from the anterior side. Thus, the person inserting and placing the S-IOL can see these parts and the relevant part of the IOL 1 during fixing of the S-IOL 30 to the IOL 1.

The various parts of the posterior side of the S-IOL 30 and of the anterior part of the IOL 1 are mutually shaped to engage one another over an area of surface. In case the S-IOL 30 and the IOL 1 are of the same or identical material, in particular polymer material that is flexible and foldable, and have a smooth surface, it was found that cohesion occurs. In fact, it was found that after some time, the material of the S-IOL 30 and the IOL 1 stick together and must be peeled off one another with some effort. Thus, the various surfaces that are discusses can be designed and arranged such that the IOL 1 and the S-IOL 30 remain attached to one another after both elements of the assembly are in place.

In an embodiment, the various parts of the IOL 1 and the S-IOL 30 are mutually dimensioned to result in a distance between the anterior surface 3 of the optical structure 2 of the IOL 1 and the posterior surface 34 of the secondary optical structure 35 of the S-IOL 30. Thus, the anterior surface 3 of the optical structure 2 of the IOL 1 remains free from the posterior surface 34 of the secondary optical structure 35 of the S-IOL 30. The distance can be between 0.03-0.5 mm, in particular 0.05-025 mm. Thus, a film of anterior chamber liquid may form between the IOL 1 and the S-IOL 30. In an optical sense, such a film of liquid can have an effect of -2 to +2 dioptre, in particular -0.5 to +0.5 dioptre (in case of a spherical film causing a spherical lens). In an embodiment, the anterior surface of the IOL 1 of the optical structure 2 and the posterior surface of the optical structure of the S-IOL 30 have a radius of curvature that is substantially the same, making a design of the assembly in which an IOL can be combined with a selection of S-IOLs easier as the film of liquid will be the same. For both surfaces, the radius of curvature can be for instance between 9 and 13 mm. Matching the radius of curvature may result in a reduction of the number of S-IOLs that need to be kept in stock.

Implanting the S-IOL

Implanting the S-IOL is relatively simple. Using the previous incision that was also used for inserting the IOL1, the S-IOL 30 can be inserted in the eye. Thus, no new refractive errors will be introduced. The S-IOL 30 is placed in axial sense between the iris and the IOL 1 via the already existing micro incision in the eye. Via an insertion device, the S-IOL 30 outside the eye is rolled up and urged forward through a nozzle that fits through the incision in the eye. The rolled-up S-IOL 30 enters the eye via the iris. The rolled-up S-IOL 30 unfolds in front of the IOL 1. Using for instance the openings 40, 40’, the S-IOL 30 can now be manipulated and positioned with its posterior surface 34 facing the anterior side 3 of the IOL 1. Next, the fixing parts 37, 37’ will be fitted about the ends of anterior supports 8, 8’. Alternatively, the fitting parts 37, 37’ can be fitted through the openings 18, 18’ in the anterior supports 6, 6’. The posterior surfaces of the fixing parts 37, 37’ are pushed tightly against the anterior surface of the capsular bag and deform it. The flexibility and elasticity of the capsular bag membrane is additionally used to hold the S-IOL in place.

It will also be clear that the above description and drawings are included to illustrate some embodiments of the invention, and not to limit the scope of protection. Starting from this disclosure, many more embodiments will be evident to a skilled person. These embodiments are within the scope of protection and the essence of this invention and are obvious combinations of prior art techniques and the disclosure of this patent.

List of reference numbers 1 Intra ocular lens structure (IOL) 2 Optical structure

3 Anterior surface of the IOL

4 Posterior surface of the IOL 5, 5’ Posterior supports

6, 6’ Anterior supports 7 perimeter of the IOL 8, 8’ Additional anterior lips 9 Outer perimeter of the optical structure 10 Perimeter of the optical structure 11 Space between the posterior plane and anterior plane 12 Posterior groove for the posterior capsular bag flap 13, 13’ Support surfaces of the posterior support 14, 14’ Support surfaces of the anterior support 15 15’ Posterior surfaces of the posterior support 16 Posterior rim 17, 17’ Surfaces of the additional anterior lips 18, 18’ holes in the anterior support 19 azimuthal space between posterior and anterior supports 20 eyeball 21 Cornea 22 Capsular bag 23 Anterior part of the capsular bag 24 Posterior part of the capsular bag 25 Iris 26 pupil 30 secondary IOL (S-IOL) 31 natural lens 32 opening (in the anterior part of the capsular bag)

33 anterior surface of the S-IOL

34 posterior surface of the S-IOL

35 secondary optical structure/optical structure of the S-IOL 36 perimeter of the secondary optical structure

37, 37’ fixing parts of the S-IOL

38, 38’ posterior surface of the fixing parts of the S-IOL 39, 39’ lips of the fixing parts for hooking the fixing parts onto anterior supports 40, 40’ openings in said S-IOL between the perimeter of the secondary optical structure and the fixing parts 41 ring about the secondary optical structure 42 posterior ring surface formed for resting against the anterior capsular bag surface concentrically about the opening 43 cut-out in the ring for passing posterior and/or anterior support

44 inner ring surface of the ring, forming a peripheral/perimetrical ring surface about the perimeter of optical structure of the S-IOL 45 cut-out 46 patches 47 optical axis 48 fovea 49 puppilary axis 50 line of sight 51 visual axis

Claims (22)

1. Een intra oculaire lens samenstel omvattende een intra oculaire lens structuur (IOL) (1) voor plaatsing in een capsulaire zak (22) van een oog (20), de IOL (1) omvattende: - een optische structuur (2) omvattende een omtrek (7); 1. of an eye (20), said IOL (1) comprising an intraocular lens assembly comprising an intraocular lens structure (IOL) (1) for placement in a capsular bag (22): - an optical structure (2) comprising a periphery (7); - ten minste twee posterieure steunen (5, 5'), gekoppeld aan en zich uitstrekkend vanaf de omtrek (7) van de optische structuur (2), voor in de capsulaire zak (22) wanneer de IOL (1) is geïmplanteerd in de capsulaire zak (22), en - ten minste twee anterieure steunen (6, 6'), gekoppeld aan en zich uitstrekkend vanaf de omtrek (7) van de optische structuur (2), voor buiten de capsulaire zak (22) wanneer de IOL (1) is geïmplanteerd in de capsulaire zak (22), waarbij de anterieure steunen (6, 6') en de posterieure steunen (5, 5') onderling gepositioneerd zijn op de omtrek om een anterieure capsulaire zak flap (23) tussen zich te houden voor het zekeren van de optische structuur van de IOL (1) uitgelijnd met een opening (32) in een anterieur deel van de capsulaire zak (22) waarbij het intra oculaire lens samenstel verder een secundaire intra oculaire lens (S-IOL) (30) omvat voor bevestiging op een anterieure zijde (3) van de IOL (1), waarbij de S-IOL (30) omvat: - een secundaire optische - at supports least two posterior (5, 5 '), coupled to and extending from the periphery (7) of the optical structure (2), for in the capsular bag (22) when said IOL (1) is implanted in the capsular bag (22), and - supporting at least two anterior (6, 6 '), coupled to and extending from the periphery (7) of the optical structure (2), to outside of the capsular bag (22) when the IOL (1) is implanted in the capsular bag (22), wherein support for the anterior (6, 6 ') and support the posterior (5, 5') are mutually positioned on the perimeter to an anterior capsular bag flap (23) between them hold for securing of the optical structure of the IOL (1) aligned with an opening (32) in an anterior part of the capsular bag (22), wherein the intraocular lens assembly further comprises a secondary intraocular lens (S-IOL) (30) for mounting on an anterior side (3) of the IOL (1), wherein the S-IOL (30) comprises: - a secondary optical structuur (35) omvattende een secondaire omtrek (36); structure (35) including a secondary peripheral (36); - ten minste twee bevestigingsdelen (37, 37'), gekoppeld met de secundaire omtrek en elk voor koppeling met een van de anterieure steunen (6, 6'), voor het bevestigen van de S-IOL (30) op de IOL (1) met de optische structuur (2) en de secondaire optische structuur (35) onderling uitgelijnd, en - een ring (41) om de secundaire optische structuur (35), met een binnenomtrek (44) van de ring (41) bevestigd aan de secondaire omtrek (36), waarbij de binnenomtrek (44) past om de omtrek (7) van de optische structuur (2) van de IOL (1). - at least two fastening parts (37, 37 '), coupled to the secondary periphery and each supports for coupling to one of the anterior (6, 6'), for the attachment of the S-IOL (30) on the IOL (1 ) with the optical structure (2) and the secondary optical structure (35) are mutually aligned, and - a ring (41) to the secondary optical structure (35), having an inner periphery (44) of the ring (41) attached to the secondary periphery (36), wherein the inner circumference (44) fits around the periphery (7) of the optical structure (2) of the IOL (1).
2. Het intra oculaire lens samenstel volgens conclusie 1, waarbij de S-IOL een posterieure zijde omvat welke gericht is naar de anterieure zijde van de IOL, waarbij de anterieure zijde van de IOL in gebruik gericht is naar een iris van een oog, waarbij de ring (41) een posterieur oppervlak (42) omvat voor aanliggen tegen het anterieure oppervlak van het anterieure capsulaire zak deel (23), in het bijzonder is het posterieure oppervlak (42) axiaal gepositioneerd om ten minste in een vlak te liggen met posterieure oppervlakken (14, 14') van de ten minste twee anterieure steunen, of gepositioneerd in posterieure richting achter de posterieure oppervlakken (14, 14'). 2. The intraocular lens assembly according to claim 1, wherein the S-IOL comprising a posterior side, which is directed towards the anterior side of the IOL in which the anterior side of the IOL in use is directed to an iris of an eye, wherein the ring (41) has a posterior surface (42) for abutting against the anterior surface of the anterior capsular bag part (23), in particular, the posterior surface (42) is axially positioned to lie in a plane at least with posterior surfaces (14, 14 ') of the supports of at least two anterior, or positioned in the posterior direction behind the posterior surfaces (14, 14').
3. Het intra oculaire lens samenstel volgens een of meer der voorgaande conclusies, waarbij de ten minste twee bevestigingsdelen (37, 37') bevestigd zijn aan de ring (41), in het bijzonder strekken de bevestigingsdelen (37, 37') zich uit vanaf de posterieure zijde van de ring (41). 3. The intraocular lens assembly according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the at least two fixation members (37, 37 ') (to be attached to the ring (41), the mounting portions 37, 37) in particular extend' extends from the posterior side of the ring (41).
4. Het intra oculaire lens samenstel volgens conclusie 3, waarbij de ten minste twee bevestigingsdelen (37, 37') de ten minste twee bevestigingsdelen (41) en strekken zich in posterieure richting uit voorbij het posterieure oppervlak (42) van de ring (41), in het bijzonder strekken de bevestigingsdelen (37, 37') zich uit in posterieure richting voorbij een posterieur oppervlak (14, 14') van de anterieure steun (6, 6') waarmee het gekoppeld is. 4. The intraocular lens assembly according to claim 3, wherein the at least two fixation members (37, 37 '), the at least two fastening members (41) and extend in the posterior direction beyond the posterior surface (42) of the ring (41 ), in particular, extend the fastening parts (37, 37 ') extends in the posterior direction beyond a posterior surface (14, 14') of the anterior support (6, 6 ') with which it is associated.
5. Het intra oculaire lens samenstel volgens een of meer der voorgaande conclusies, waarbij de anterieure steunen (6, 6') doorlopende gaten of openingen (18, 18') omvatten, en omvatten de bevestigingsdelen (37, 37') einden voorzien van vlakken (46) die ingericht zijn om door de openingen (18, 18') te passen. 5. The intraocular lens assembly according to one or more of the preceding claims, in which support the anterior (6, 6 '), through-holes or openings (18, 18') to encompass and include the fastening parts (37, 37 ') ends with surfaces (46) adapted to fit through the openings (18, 18 ').
6. Het intra oculaire lens samenstel volgens een of meer der voorgaande conclusies, waarbij de binnenomtrek van de ring (41) een binnenomtrek oppervlak (44) omvat dat conisch verloopt, en heeft de omtrek een conisch oppervlak met in hoofdzaak dezelfde hoek als het conische binnenomtrek oppervlak (44), waarbij de conische oppervlakken taps lopen in anterieure richting. 6. The intraocular lens assembly according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the inner periphery of the ring (41) having an inner peripheral surface (44) which is conical, and has the periphery a conical surface with substantially the same angle as the conical inner peripheral surface (44), whereby the conical surfaces tapering in the anterior direction.
7. Het intra oculaire lens samenstel volgens een of meer der voorgaande conclusies, waarbij - de ten minste twee posterieure steunen (5, 5') gesloten lussen omvatten die zich uitstrekken vanaf de optische structuur (2), en elke lus heeft beide einden verbonden aan de omtrek (7), en - de ten minste twee anterieure steunen (6, 6') zijn elk gepositioneerd in een van de lussen tussen de einden. 7. The intraocular lens assembly according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein - the supports of at least two posterior (5, 5 ') closed loops which extend from the optical structure (2), and each loop is connected to both ends on the periphery (7), and - the supports of at least two anterior (6, 6 ') are each positioned in one of the loops between the ends.
8. Het intra oculaire lens samenstel volgens een of meer der voorgaande conclusies, waarbij de posterieure steunen (5, 5') en de anterieure steunen (6, 6') van de IOL (1) in azimutale zin (Az) verschoven of versprongen zijn ten opzichte van elkaar. 8. The intraocular lens assembly according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the posterior support (5, 5 ') and the anterior support (6, 6') of the IOL (1) in the azimuthal sense (Az) offset or staggered are relative to each other.
9. Het intra oculaire lens samenstel volgens een of meer der voorgaande conclusies, waarbij de posterieure steunen (5, 5') van de IOL (1) anterieure steunoppervlakken (13, 13') en de anterieure steunen (6, 6') van de IOL (1) posterieure steunoppervlakken (14, 14') verschaffen die in azimutale zin (Az) verschoven of versprongen zijn ten opzichte van elkaar, waarbij in het bijzonder in azimutale zin (Az) telkens een posterieur steunoppervlak (14, 14') en een anterieur steunoppervlak (13, 13') verschaft wordt. 9. The intraocular lens assembly according to one or more of the preceding claims, in which support the posterior (5, 5 ') of the IOL (1) anterior support surfaces (13, 13') and support the anterior (6, 6 ') of the IOL (1) posterior supporting surfaces (14, 14 ') provide those in the azimuthal sense (Az) shifted or staggered with respect to one another, wherein in particular in the azimuthal sense (Az), in each case a posterior supporting surface (14, 14') and an anterior support surface (13, 13 ') is provided.
10. Het intra oculaire lens samenstel volgens een of meer der voorgaande conclusies, waarbij de posterieure steunen (5, 5') en de anterieure steunen (6, 6') van de IOL (1) zich in azimutale zin (Az) om de optische structuur (2) uitstrekken. 10. The intraocular lens assembly according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the posterior support (5, 5 ') and the anterior support (6, 6') of the IOL (1) extends in the azimuthal sense (Az) to give the optical structure (2) extend.
11. Het intra oculaire lens samenstel volgens een of meer der voorgaande conclusies, waarbij een anterieure zijde van de optische structuur (2) en een posterieure zijde van de secondaire optische structuur welke gericht is naar de optische structuur in hoofdzaak dezelfde kromtestraal hebben, in het bijzonder omvatten de anterieure zijde van de optische structuur (2) en een posterieure zijde van de secondaire optische structuur een afstand. 11. The intraocular lens assembly according to one or more of the preceding claims, in which an anterior side of the optical structure (2) and a posterior side of the secondary optical structure which is directed towards the optical structure have substantially the same radius of curvature, in the specifically, the anterior side of the optical structure (2) and a posterior side of the secondary optical structure a distance.
12. Een intra oculaire lens structuur (IOL) voor plaatsing in de capsulaire zak, omvattende: - een optische structuur (2) omvattende een omtrek (7); 12. An intraocular lens structure (IOL) for placement in the capsular bag, comprising: - an optical structure (2) comprising a periphery (7); - ten minste twee posterieure steunen (5, 5'), gekoppeld aan en zich uitstrekkend vanaf de omtrek (7) van de optische structuur (2), voor in de capsulaire zak (22) wanneer de IOL (1) geïmplanteerd is in de capsulaire zak (22), en - ten minste twee anterieure steunen (6, 6'), gekoppeld aan en zich uitstrekkend vanaf de omtrek (7) van de optische structuur (2), voor buien de capsulaire zak (22) wanneer de IOL (1) geïmplanteerd is in de capsulaire zak (22), waarbij de anterieure steunen (6, 6'), en de posterieure steunen (5, 5') ten opzichte van elkaar op de omtrek gepositioneerd zijn om een anterieure capsulaire zak flap (23) tussen zich te klemmen om de optische structuur van de IOL (1) uitgelijnd met een opening (32) in een anterieur deel van de capsulaire zak (22) te zekeren. - supporting at least two posterior (5, 5 '), coupled to and extending from the periphery (7) of the optical structure (2), for in the capsular bag (22) when said IOL (1) is implanted in the capsular bag (22), and - supporting at least two anterior (6, 6 '), coupled to and extending from the periphery (7) of the optical structure (2), for rain the capsular bag (22) when the IOL (1) is implanted in the capsular bag (22), wherein support for the anterior (6, 6 '), and support the posterior (5, 5') relative to each other are positioned on the circumference at an anterior capsular bag flap ( 23) to be clamped in between them in order to secure the optical structure of the IOL (1) aligned with an opening (32) in an anterior part of the capsular bag (22).
13. Een secondaire intra oculaire lens (S-IOL), de S-IOL omvattende: - een secondaire optische structuur (36); 13. A secondary intraocular lens (IOL-S), the S-IOL comprising: - a secondary optical structure (36); - een ring (41) bevestigd om de secondaire optische structuur (36), de ring (41) omvattende ten minste twee axiale oppervlakken (42); - a ring (41) mounted to the secondary optical structure (36), the ring (41) comprising at least two axial surfaces (42); - ten minste twee bevestigingsdelen (37, 37') welke zich uitstrekken vanaf de axiale oppervlakken (42) van de ring (41) en voorzien van vlakken (46) aan hun einden op een afstand van de axiale oppervlakken (42) van de ring (41). - at least two fastening parts (37, 37 ') which extend from the axial surfaces (42) of the ring (41) and provided with surfaces (46) at their ends at a distance from the axial surfaces (42) of the ring (41).
14. Een werkwijze voor het bevestigen van het intra oculaire samenstel volgens een of meer der voorgaande conclusies in een oog, de werkwijze omvattende: - vormen van een opening in een anterieur deel van een capsulaire zak van een oog, in het bijzonder het uitvoeren van een laser-ondersteunde capsulotomie, waarbij de opening omgeven is door een anterieure capsulaire zak flap welke blijft staan van het vormen van de opening; 14. A method for attaching the intraocular assembly according to one or more of the preceding claims in an eye, the method comprising: - forming an opening in an anterior part of a capsular bag of an eye, in particular, the performance of a laser-assisted capsulotomy, wherein the opening is surrounded by an anterior capsular bag flap which remains in front of the forming of the opening; - verwijderen van een natuurlijke lens uit de capsulaire zak via de opening; - removing a natural lens from the capsular bag through the opening; - het invoeren van de IOL in de capsulaire zak via de opening; - the introduction of the IOL in the capsular bag through the opening; - uitnemen van de anterieur steunen uit de capsulaire zak terwijl de posterieure steunen in de capsulaire zak blijven, daarbij de IOL uitgelijnd in de opening van het anterieure deel van de capsulaire zak zekerend. - extraction of the supports from the anterior capsular bag, while the posterior support to remain in the capsular bag, while the IOL is aligned in the opening of the anterior part of the capsular bag zekerend.
15. De werkwijze volgens conclusie 14, de werkwijze omvattende het kleuren van het anterieure deel van de capsulaire zak men een licht-absorberende samenstelling met absorptie eigenschappen gekozen om de laser bundel energie te absorberen. 15. The method of claim 14, the method comprising the staining of the anterior portion of the capsular bag is selected a light-absorbing composition having absorption properties to absorb the laser beam energy.
16. De werkwijze volgens conclusie 14 of 15, waarbij de opening uitgelijnd is gepositioneerd met een as van het oog en/of met de optische structuur van de IOL. 16. The method according to claim 14 or 15, wherein the aperture is positioned in alignment with an axis of the eye and / or with the optical structure of the IOL.
17. De werkwijze volgens een of meer der voorgaande conclusies 14-16, waarbij de opening uitgelijnd is gepositioneerd met een optische en azimutale as van het oog en een optische en azimutale as van de optische structuur van de IOL. 17. The method according to one or more of the preceding claims 14-16, wherein the aperture is positioned in alignment with an optical and azimuthal axis of the eye and an optical and azimuthal axis of the optical structure of the IOL.
18. De werkwijze volgens een of meer der voorgaande conclusies 14-17, waarbij de opening rond is met een centrum dat uitgelijnd is met de optische as van het oog, en de optische structuur een optische as omvat die uitgelijnd is met de omtrek van de IOL. 18. The method according to one or more of the preceding claims 14-17, wherein the opening is circular with a center that is aligned with the optical axis of the eye, and the optical structure comprises an optical axis that is aligned with the periphery of the IOL.
19. De werkwijze volgens een of meer der voorgaande conclusies 14-18, waarbij de opening onrond is, en de omtrek van de optische structuur rond is. 19. The method according to one or more of the preceding claims 14-18, wherein the opening is non-circular, and the periphery of the optical structure is round.
20. De werkwijze volgens een of meer der voorgaande conclusies 14-19, verder omvattende het vervolgens invoeren van een S-IOL in het oog. 20. The method according to one or more of the preceding claims 14-19, further comprising the subsequent introduction of a S-IOL in the eye.
21. De werkwijze volgens een of meer der voorgaande conclusies 14-19, verder omvattende het koppelen van de bevestigingsdelen aan overeenkomstige anterieure steunen. 21. The method according to one or more of the preceding claims 14-19, further comprising coupling of the mounting brackets to corresponding parts of anterior.
22. Een kit omvattende een set van de genoemde S-IOLs volgens een der voorgaande conclusies, welke in ten minste een optische eigenschap van de secondaire optische structuur verschillen, in het bijzonder verschillen in dioptrie. 22. A kit comprising a set of the said S-IOLs according to any one of the preceding claims, in which at least one optical property of the secondary optical structure differences, especially differences in diopters.
NL2011325A 2013-08-20 2013-08-20 Intraocular lens assembly. NL2011325C (en)

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NL2011325A NL2011325C (en) 2013-08-20 2013-08-20 Intraocular lens assembly.

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NL2011325A NL2011325C (en) 2013-08-20 2013-08-20 Intraocular lens assembly.
KR20167007321A KR20160045129A (en) 2013-08-20 2014-07-31 Intraocular lens assembly
EP20140758690 EP3035889A1 (en) 2013-08-20 2014-07-31 Intraocular lens assembly
US14913310 US9937034B2 (en) 2013-08-20 2014-07-31 Intraocular lens assembly
PCT/NL2014/050537 WO2015026226A1 (en) 2013-08-20 2014-07-31 Intraocular lens assembly
JP2016536058A JP2016528006A5 (en) 2014-07-31
CA 2921765 CA2921765A1 (en) 2013-08-20 2014-07-31 Intraocular lens assembly
CN 201480046510 CN105744914B (en) 2013-08-20 2014-07-31 Intraocular lens assembly

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Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2422746A1 (en) * 2010-08-26 2012-02-29 Stevens, Julian Douglas Intraocular implant
US20130190868A1 (en) * 2012-01-24 2013-07-25 Malik Y. Kahook Modular intraocular lens designs and methods

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2422746A1 (en) * 2010-08-26 2012-02-29 Stevens, Julian Douglas Intraocular implant
US20130190868A1 (en) * 2012-01-24 2013-07-25 Malik Y. Kahook Modular intraocular lens designs and methods

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