NL1037382C2 - Method and device for putting tires - Google Patents

Method and device for putting tires Download PDF

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Publication number
NL1037382C2
NL1037382C2 NL1037382A NL1037382A NL1037382C2 NL 1037382 C2 NL1037382 C2 NL 1037382C2 NL 1037382 A NL1037382 A NL 1037382A NL 1037382 A NL1037382 A NL 1037382A NL 1037382 C2 NL1037382 C2 NL 1037382C2
Authority
NL
Netherlands
Prior art keywords
shaped profile
cement
profile
tires
sand
Prior art date
Application number
NL1037382A
Other languages
Dutch (nl)
Inventor
Willem Hendrik Aantjes
Huibertus Oskam
Original Assignee
Willem Hendrik Aantjes
Huibertus Oskam
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Willem Hendrik Aantjes, Huibertus Oskam filed Critical Willem Hendrik Aantjes
Priority to NL1037382 priority Critical
Priority to NL1037382A priority patent/NL1037382C2/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of NL1037382C2 publication Critical patent/NL1037382C2/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C19/00Machines, tools or auxiliary devices for preparing or distributing paving materials, for working the placed materials, or for forming, consolidating, or finishing the paving
    • E01C19/52Apparatus for laying individual preformed surfacing elements, e.g. kerbstones

Description

Method and device for setting tires
The invention relates to a method for placing tires in a sand track or in set cement. In the road-building company, the placing of tires is often still a heavy and time-consuming process, where a trench is dug in a compacted layer of sand, after which the tires are put in place with the help of a line. The channel is then closed and the sand 10 is replenished and compacted, whereby the tires can shift. In the case of working with leveling cement, tires are placed on a layer of leveling cement and then supplemented on either side with a backing leveling cement, after which sand is replenished. The results of these efforts are therefore highly dependent on the skill of the person carrying out the work.
The inventive method does not have these drawbacks. The starting point is preferably again a compacted layer of sand, which has the desired height for the future roadwork, or a web of leveling cement with a height slightly above the future underside of the tires. According to the invention, however, a profile closed at the front and open at the rear, in section U-shaped is pulled through the sand track or the set cement and the tires are successively placed in the U-shaped profile and pushed towards the rear. In order to achieve a perfect result, it is then sufficient to guide the profile along the predetermined path through the compacted sand layer or the set cement. For this purpose, for example, a laser-driven vehicle known per se can be utilized, equipped with adjusting members for controlling the profile.
The invention also relates to a device 35 for placing tires in a sand track or in set cement. The inventive device is characterized in that it comprises a vehicle 1037382 2 and a profile which is fixed to the vehicle, closed at the front and open at the rear, in section U-shaped profile, which in a position of use through the sand track or through the setting cement 5 is fed, as well as feed means for feeding and successively placing tires in the U-shaped profile. Because the profile has a finite length, a continuous row of tires will leave the profile at the rear.
10
A favorable embodiment of the inventive device is characterized in that the device is provided with at least one adjusting member, for adjusting a position of the U-shaped profile relative to the vehicle, so that long straight sections but also curves with a predetermined certain radius of curvature.
A further favorable embodiment is characterized in that the device is provided with an autopilot for controlling the vehicle and the at least one adjusting member. The autopilot can, for example, be controlled in a manner known per se on the basis of horizontal and vertical lines generated by lasers or on the basis of GPS information.
25
A further favorable embodiment has the feature that the longitudinal sides of the U-shaped profile are at least substantially perpendicular. The rigidity of the U-shaped profile is hereby considerably improved and moreover it is prevented that sand or adjusting cement end up in the profile.
A further favorable embodiment is characterized in that the front side of the U-shaped profile is provided with an excavating member for excavating and transporting bottom material or adjusting cement upwards or to the side. On the one hand, the force required to pull the U-shaped profile through the bottom material or the adjusting cement can be considerably reduced with this, and on the other hand it is achieved that the bottom structure around the U-shaped profile is virtually unchanged. This is important to prevent the tires that have once been placed from sliding sideways due to differences in density in the soil.
A further favorable embodiment is characterized in that the front side of the U-shaped profile is provided with a discharge member, for discharging bottom material transported upwards by the excavating member, so that it does not end up in the U-shaped profile and the converted longitudinal sides of the U-shaped profile.
A very favorable embodiment is characterized in that the discharge member comprises a plate running obliquely over the front side of the U-shaped profile for discharging bottom material transported upwards by the excavating member.
20
A further favorable embodiment is characterized in that the device is provided with pressure rollers and / or silos, in a position of use filled with dry sand or with cement, for filling spaces on either side of tires placed. This is important because with this the spaces around the bands of the thickness of the sheet material from which the U-shaped profile is made are filled and / or pressed shut. It is then also possible, if desired, to apply an additional back to either side of the tires when adjusting cements are used, which backs can then be pressed back by the rollers.
The invention also relates to profiles suitable for use in a device as described in the preceding paragraphs.
4
The invention will now be explained in more detail with reference to the following figures, wherein:
FIG. 1 schematically represents a possible embodiment of a tire-setter in side view;
FIG. 2 schematically represents this embodiment in front view;
FIG. 3 schematically represents this embodiment in rear view; FIG. 4 schematically represents an alternative embodiment in side view;
FIG. 5A schematically represents a possible embodiment of a U-shaped profile in section; FIG. 5B schematically represents an alternative embodiment of a U-shaped profile in section;
FIG. 6A schematically represents a possible embodiment of a U-shaped profile in top view; FIG. 6B schematically represents an alternative embodiment of a U-shaped profile in top view.
FIG. 1 schematically shows a possible embodiment of a tire-setter in side view, consisting of a vehicle 1 with steered and driven front wheels 2 and driven and steered rear wheels 3, on which a robot arm 4 is placed. On one side of vehicle 1 a profile U-shaped section 6 is suspended from two beams 5a, 5b by means of two identical adjusting members 7a, 7b provided with four identical coupling members 8a, 8b, 8c, 8d. Profile 6 is pulled by means of vehicle 1 through a sand track or a web of adjusting cement. The front side of profile 6 is provided with an excavating member 9, which works sand or cement upwards, and with a discharge member 10 for draining the sand or cement worked upwards sideways. Excavator 9 and discharge member 10 in combination 5 are designed such that U-shaped profile 6 remains internally free of sand. Robotic arm 4 can then take tires 11 from a supply, place them in U-shaped profile 6 and press them backwards, so that while driving a row of tires can be placed in the sand track 5 or in the adjusting cement. At the rear, the row of tires slides out of U-shaped profile 6, with a narrow gap inevitably remaining on either side of U-shaped profile 6. In order to close this gap and more generally to compact the sand or cement on either side of U-10-shaped profile 6, the tire-setter is provided with two resiliently mounted pressure wheels 12a, 12b. Further visible are a drive 13 coupled to wheels 2,3 and a autopilot 14 for globally controlling vehicle 1 with the aid of wheels 2,3 and accurately controlling U-shaped profile 6 with the aid of the two adjusting members 7a, 7b Adjusting members 7a, 7b are provided for this purpose with carriages 15a, 15b which can slide over beam 5a and with carriages 16a, 16b which can slide over beams 17a, 17b attached to carriages 15a, 15b by means of actuators 18a, 18b and two in one. actuators 19a, 19b not visible in the figure. In this way the position of U-shaped profile 6 can be accurately adjusted and moreover the position of U-shaped profile 6 relative to vehicle 1 is accurately known.
Pressure wheels 12a, 12b are preferably attached to carriage 15b, so that they can follow the movement of U-shaped profile. In the embodiment shown here, robot arm 4 is provided with a carriage 20 which, with the aid of an actuator 21 not visible in the figure, can slide over an arm 22 for obtaining a lateral movement and a bearing 23 secured to carriage 20, in which can slide an arm 25 of an actuator 24 to which a clamp 26 is attached which can accurately place band 11 in U-shaped profile 6. The placed profile can then be pushed backwards with one end of clamp 26. Autopilot 14 consists of, for example, a video camera which can detect a system of lines generated by lasers in a manner known per se 6, whereafter a video processor derives control signals therefrom for wheels 2,3 and adjusting members 7a, 7b. In this way, long straight rows of tires can then be set, but it is also possible to realize bends with a relatively large radius of curvature in this way. Furthermore, a U-shaped profile 6 can be given a radius of curvature, whereafter bands with this radius of curvature can be placed in U-shaped profile 6 by means of robot arm 4.
10
FIG. 2 schematically shows this embodiment in front view. Visible are vehicle 1 with wheels 2,3, robot arm 4 and the U-shaped profile 6 shown in cross-section. Also visible is beam 5a with adjusting member 7a, actuators 18a, 19a and coupling members 27a, 27b consisting of female members attached to adjusting member 7a coupling parts and male coupling parts attached to U-shaped profile 6, the actual coupling being realized, for example, with the aid of split pins. Pressure wheels 12a, 12b are not shown in this figure for the sake of clarity.
FIG. 3 schematically shows this embodiment in rear view. Visible are vehicle 1 with wheels 2,3, the U-shaped profile 6 shown in cross-section and robot arm 4 which in the figure has taken a tire 11 from a supply 28 and will place it in U-shaped profile 6. Also visible are the pressure wheels 12a, 12b mounted on carriage 15b, which are spring-mounted, and which compact the sand track or adjusting cement on either side of U-shaped profile 6. Furthermore, a machine 29 is visible which presses bands 11 present in stock 28, so that robot arm 4 can always blindly receive a band 11. Adjusters 7a, 7b are not shown in this figure for the sake of clarity.
FIG. 4 schematically shows an alternative embodiment 7 in side view, which completely corresponds to the one shown in FIG.
1, but in which silos for cement or sand 30a, 30b are added on either side of U-shaped profile, with the aid of which additional cement can be applied on either side of a strip of cement placed in a web of set cement. If desired, vehicle 1 can be provided at the front with a silo filled with cement, so that the web of adjusting cement can be applied simultaneously just before the tires are placed.
10
FIG. 5A schematically shows a possible embodiment of a section U-shaped section 6, consisting of the actual section made of steel, wherein the front side is provided with a plow-shaped excavator 9 and the top side is provided with a plate-shaped discharge member 10 that the excavated sand moves aside. For use with a sand track, plowing member 9 is preferably slightly wider than the width of U-shaped profile 6, so that it can be pulled through the sand with a relatively low resistance. It is furthermore visible that the top of profile 6 is closed before discharge member 10, so that the gutter formed by profile 5 remains free of sand. Finally, male coupling halves 31 are visible which form part of coupling members 8a, 8b, 8c, 8d.
FIG. 5B is a schematic perspective view of an alternative embodiment of a U-shaped profile in cross-section, which completely corresponds to that described with reference to FIG. 5A
Profile 6 described, where profile 6 is provided with a longitudinal curvature, U-shaped profile 6 can accommodate curved bands 11.
FIG. 6A schematically shows a possible embodiment of U-shaped profile 6 in top view, whereby it is visible that at the end of profile 6 the bottom 8 has been removed, so that tire 11 rests completely on the sand track at the moment that wheels 12a, 12b compressing sand or cement.
FIG. 6B schematically shows an alternative embodiment of U-shaped profile 6 in top view, which is more suitable for forming a web in adjusting cement. For this purpose plow member 9 is designed such that the cement is discharged uniformly to the left and to the right.
1037382

Claims (10)

  1. Method for placing tires in a sand track or in set cement, characterized in that a profile closed on a front side and open at the rear, U-shaped section in section is pulled through the sand track or the set cement and that the tires be placed successively in the U-shaped profile and moved to the rear. 10
  2. 2. Device for placing tires in a sand track or in set cement, characterized in that the device comprises a vehicle and a profile which is fixed to the vehicle, closed at the front and open at the rear, profile U-shaped in section which, in a position of use, is passed through the sand track or through the adjusting cement, as well as feed means for feeding and successively placing tires in the U-shaped profile.
  3. Device as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that the device is provided with at least one adjusting member, for adjusting a position of the U-shaped profile relative to the vehicle.
  4. Device as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that the device is provided with an autopilot for controlling the vehicle and the at least one adjusting member.
  5. 5. Device as claimed in any of the claims 2 to 4, characterized in that the longitudinal sides of the U-shaped profile are at least substantially angled.
  6. 6. Device as claimed in any of the claims 2-5, characterized in that the front side of the U-shaped profile is provided with an excavating member, for excavating and transporting bottom material or 1037382 leveling cement upwards or to the side.
  7. 7. Device as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that the front side of the U-shaped profile is provided with a discharge member, for discharging bottom material transported upwards by the excavating member.
  8. 8. Device as claimed in claim 7, characterized in that the discharge member comprises a plate running obliquely over the front side of the U-shaped profile for discharging bottom material transported upwards by the excavating member.
  9. 9. Device as claimed in any of the claims 2 to 6, characterized in that the device is provided with pressure rollers and / or silos, in a position of use filled with dry sand or with cement, for filling spaces on either side of placed tires
  10. 10. Profiles suitable for use in a device according to any one of claims 2 to 9. U 3 73 82
NL1037382A 2009-10-09 2009-10-09 Method and device for putting tires NL1037382C2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NL1037382 2009-10-09
NL1037382A NL1037382C2 (en) 2009-10-09 2009-10-09 Method and device for putting tires

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NL1037382A NL1037382C2 (en) 2009-10-09 2009-10-09 Method and device for putting tires
EP10187026A EP2312055A1 (en) 2009-10-09 2010-10-08 Method and device for placing of kerb stones

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
NL1037382C2 true NL1037382C2 (en) 2011-04-12

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
NL1037382A NL1037382C2 (en) 2009-10-09 2009-10-09 Method and device for putting tires

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EP (1) EP2312055A1 (en)
NL (1) NL1037382C2 (en)

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL2014866B1 (en) * 2015-05-27 2017-01-31 De Krom Groep B V Brick laying apparatus and method.
CN108487014B (en) * 2018-04-02 2020-09-08 巢湖学院 Linear type road shoulder stone laying machine
CN110512500B (en) * 2019-09-06 2020-04-07 温州谷枫电子科技有限公司 Automatic floor tile laying device suitable for large-area

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL7805704A (en) * 1977-05-27 1978-11-29 Jensen Henry Krogsgaard METHOD AND DEVICE FOR LAYING A ROW OF HEAVY ELEMENTS.
SU889777A1 (en) * 1979-03-19 1981-12-15 Кировоградский институт сельскохозяйственного машиностроения Curbstone-laying machine
FR2606431A1 (en) * 1986-11-06 1988-05-13 Montmarche Alain Device and method for laying blocks in a row
JPH03281801A (en) * 1990-03-30 1991-12-12 Tokyu Constr Co Ltd Kerb block installation method by laser follow-up control system and device thereof

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2003966B (en) * 1977-05-27 1982-05-19 Jensen H Laying of rows of kerbstones or other heavy elements
FR2646185B1 (en) * 1989-04-19 1991-06-21 Dariel Andre GUIDING DEVICE OF A MACHINE FOR HOLLOW-TRUCKING OR LAYING LINEAR OBJECTS PARALLEL TO A DRIVING VEHICLE
WO2002012640A1 (en) * 2000-08-01 2002-02-14 Aplicaciones Especiales De Ingenieria Civil, S.A. (Aples) Device for opening narrow trenches and placing matching prefabricated elements

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL7805704A (en) * 1977-05-27 1978-11-29 Jensen Henry Krogsgaard METHOD AND DEVICE FOR LAYING A ROW OF HEAVY ELEMENTS.
SU889777A1 (en) * 1979-03-19 1981-12-15 Кировоградский институт сельскохозяйственного машиностроения Curbstone-laying machine
FR2606431A1 (en) * 1986-11-06 1988-05-13 Montmarche Alain Device and method for laying blocks in a row
JPH03281801A (en) * 1990-03-30 1991-12-12 Tokyu Constr Co Ltd Kerb block installation method by laser follow-up control system and device thereof

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