NL1032043C1 - Bi-element pairs evidence an electrical energy difference and are sandwiched with electrets so that negative ends of fixed atomic or molecular di-poles of electrets are in limit range with electro-negative parts of bi-element pairs - Google Patents

Bi-element pairs evidence an electrical energy difference and are sandwiched with electrets so that negative ends of fixed atomic or molecular di-poles of electrets are in limit range with electro-negative parts of bi-element pairs Download PDF

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NL1032043C1
NL1032043C1 NL1032043A NL1032043A NL1032043C1 NL 1032043 C1 NL1032043 C1 NL 1032043C1 NL 1032043 A NL1032043 A NL 1032043A NL 1032043 A NL1032043 A NL 1032043A NL 1032043 C1 NL1032043 C1 NL 1032043C1
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system
bi
method
electrets
element pairs
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NL1032043A
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Dutch (nl)
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Arie Melis De Geus
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Arie Melis De Geus
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01GCAPACITORS; CAPACITORS, RECTIFIERS, DETECTORS, SWITCHING DEVICES OR LIGHT-SENSITIVE DEVICES, OF THE ELECTROLYTIC TYPE
    • H01G7/00Capacitors in which the capacitance is varied by non-mechanical means; Processes of their manufacture
    • H01G7/02Electrets, i.e. having a permanently-polarised dielectric
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R19/00Electrostatic transducers
    • H04R19/01Electrostatic transducers characterised by the use of electrets

Abstract

Bi-element pairs evidence an electrical energy difference and are sandwiched with electrets so that the negative ends of the fixed atomic or molecular di-poles of the electrets are in the limit range with the electro-negative parts of the bi-element pairs, where an excess of free electrons (2) is located. The free electrons (8) move forward (1) with acceleration away from the mini-electrostatic fields (3) constituted by teh di-poles (5,7). This causes a continuously usable electric current to be produced, of which the origin is the 'Zero-point' energy together with the internal (ambient thermal) energy.

Description

- 1 - 5

Total energy from bi-element pairs with "electrets", in between, possibly with electron "polarization" and / or a "primary" permanent magnetic field added to it.

Topic.

A Method and System in which, with the aid of 'stacks' of certain bi-element parts, together with layers of 'eletret' material, eriuases, a minimum potential potential and a continuous electric current, which can possibly be amplified with the aid of of 'electron-polarization' and / or also with the aid of a permanent-magnetic field. The energy values in support of the energy generation mentioned are: the "zero point" energy, as well as the ambient thermal energy.

15 Introduction.

For more than a century it has been known that adjacent elements / metals, which have close contact with each other, exhibit a potential, because of the fact that the energy required for the exit of a 'free' electron from a matrix, differs from element to element. A known application of this can be found at: z.g.n. "Thermocouples", which are widely used, to measure the temperature. Practical applications for the purpose of clectric energy generation have lagged behind to date. Reason: a) "energy yield density" relatively low and b) energy from oil products still too cheap. An exception is the use of a lamp which was used in the 20th century in Russia and Siberia, which burned by means of e.g. a number of thermocouples placed in series, which were heated by e.g. a fire).

Without adding thermal energy, thermocouples cannot support electric current. However, this changes if layers "electret" are added between the bi-element / metal layers; these added layers must also have intimate contact with said bi-element / metal layers. The discovery of the 'electrets' can be blamed on Guiseppe Zamboni, but many others have also become familiar with the 'electrical effects' which combinations of materials can exhibit. The name 'electret' was named by Oliver Heaviside. Research in the 18th and 19th centuries, however, mostly concerned observations that belonged to the "battery" category. Definition: "Electrets" are characterized by "polarization" of molecular structures, within a contiguous material constitution, which show positive and negative charge at opposite sides / ends of these molecular structures. There are different types of "electrets": the material can be 100% of the "electret" material, or "electret" molecular structures can be incorporated into a basic material.

The aforementioned "polarization" must be in the direction of the potentials created by the bi-element / metal pairs. The researcher: Mototaro Eguchi has done a lot of meritorious work with regard to the preparation and manufacture of "electrets" for applications v.n.I. in the medical field. The researcher Oleg Jefimenko has also done a lot of work on "electrets" but especially applications of the n.l. in the field of electrostatic motors.

Description.

A) Theory.

The 'electret' has the same meaning and effect in the 'Electro-Statics', as 'permanent magnetism' has in the 'Magnetioa' · A material constitution is called an 'electret' if, (a) part of the atoms, isotopes, or molecules therein, are permanently oriented and (b) wherein said atoms, isotopes or molecules simultaneously exhibit an "electric charge difference" in the direction of orientation, m, aw, that these are dipolem organic chemistry can be used to designate numerous molecular structures that will focus in a strong electrostatic field, ie if these structures can first move in the material constitution of which they form part. This can generally be easily accomplished if the "electret" material, or the material in which the "directional molecular structure" is incorporated, becomes thick-liquefied, at not significantly high temperatures. If a strong electrostatic field is set under this condition, the di-poles can orient themselves in parallel with said field. This field must be maintained for until after the cooling period, so that finally after removal thereof, said atoms, isotopes, or molecules will continuously show a fixed orientation and a targeted electrostatic potential without reduction thereof over a longer period.

It must be possible to cut such material into thin layers, such that the field direction of the now fixed electrostatic field is perpendicular to the plane of the "electret" layers. To date, a limited number of materials have been shown to be suitable for applications such as long-term "electret": organic-chemical molecules, or complex inorganic-organic molecules, but only half a dozen inorganic molecules are used commercially

For the purpose of electrical energy generation by means of "Bi-elements / metals together with" electrets "stacking and especially for electrical energy generation, where heat of considerable temperature is also included as an energy source, the number of suitable molecular structural is still small. Single, nowadays, classic VQor-20 images: For applications at temperatures: (a) below 55 ° C, a number of wax types are deserving of use as "electret" material: e.g. Camauba wax and Beeswax; (mixtures of these are in use). Cellulose molecules function well up to 8 ° C; (Provisions must be made that the water content does not change, which is achieved by hermetic sealing of the entire stack of bi.el./met. plus 25 "electrets"). Various synthetics (fluoro-polymers, polypropylene, polypropylene terephthalate) exhibit molecules that are "orientable" in a strong electrostatic field. For all "electret" materials, the ohmic resistance must be low and must remain after "polarization" has taken place. The best materials to date are; (organic): Teflon; this appears to remain stably focused over many years, (Inorganic molecules): Quartz (Siö2), (Mn02), (Tiö2) also show "electret" properties. The -4-negative charge portion in these molecules lies with the O atoms. It should be noted: Atoms in the transition region, such as, Cr, Mn and to a lesser extent with Si and Ti, are not strongly positive or even negative, mmr ta, v. the two O atoms in their 5 oxides, which are strongly negative, are indeed bi-polarities.

With organic 'waxes' and with cellulose, their polarity is apparent from the fact that concentrations of O atoms and OH groups, respectively, occur at the end of these longer molecules. Figures 1a, 1b and 1c respectively show the molecular structures of: a "wax", of cellulose and of quartz.

10 Analysis of physics within an "electret"; or as pure "electret" material, or as contained in a "basic" material:

Fig. 2 shows the sandwich: bi-element / metal pair, "electret", bi-element / metal with targeted, bi-polar molecules therein. The trajectory of a free electron is also shown. The 'electret' material must lie against the bi-element / metal pair in such a way that this bi-element / metal has an excess of free electrons in the boundary region with the 'electret', with the targeted molecules with their negative end in this region with an excess of free electrons 'stitches', as a result of which free electrons in the immediate vicinity of the negative ends of the targeted molecules will experience the electrostatic field force and will accelerate in this mini-electrostatic field, or on a side of the targeted molecule, or around it spiralisercnd. As such, the many mini-electro-static fields perform ‘Labor’. This causes these fields to deform. These distortions are immediately eliminated due to the fact that the Law of Bemouilli is in operation in the Aether. Field distortions create density gradients in the Aether, through which what Aether can flow in and this incoming Aether brings its own energy, kinetic, as well as potential; this energy is the "zero point" energy. Said physical mechanism in the Aether gives the free electrons 'flow energy', which originates from the 'Zero point' energy, Summarizing: In the system of this invention which describes the cooperation of bi-element / metal combinations together with 'electrets' , the bi-metal '·: -5- provides the emk (electro-motor-force) and the' electret 'provides the current. It is of great importance that the ohmic resistance "over" the "electret" is minimal; both: the "electret" material, if applied purely, or in a "base" material, including the "base" material itself, must comply with this. The theoretical description of the "zero point" energy absorption mechanism by means of field distortion, for both electrostatic and electro-magnetic, as well as for permanent magnetic fields, is worked out in "Fluid Continuum Universalis", Part II, Chapters 7 and 8; Inventor is the author. In the last 10 years the inventor has also proved that when free electrons have to flow through very thin conductive films (thicknesses <15 microns), these electrons are forced to lose their normal spiral movement in the matrix and a single attenuated sine movement in the plane of the film. The result is that such electrons can then move very easily through some matrices; the ohmic resistance often lowers by a factor> 500x. If for the input of the electrons in the first bi-element / metal pair, a "thin film" path, as indicated here, is included in the circuit, then the free electrons experience less ohmic resistance during the subsequent movement by the stack of bi-elements / metals with 'elecircts' in between, at least for a large part, depending on the 'height' of said stack, because there is dissipation in the direction of the more resistive spiral movement. Figure 3 shows an electro circuit of this system with "electron polarization" included therein. It should be noted that the development towards better, more powerful and continuously stable "electrets" is in full swing. The amount of di-poles per unit volume is an important parameter. The smallest material di-pole is the neutron. (For example, if it was possible to have a matrix of neutrons and if these were targeted, huge amounts of "zero point" energy could be converted into electrical energy within a very small volume). Some atoms also show polarity per single atom. The orientability in a matrix is usually virtually impossible, except that the elements which exhibit permanent magnetism do not fall under this. Permanent magnetism differs a lot in principle with electro-statics; the electro-static field has virtually no receding field. Permanent magnetism, if only the "primary" field is set by a "stack" of 5 bi-elements and "electrets" in between, can also contribute to the propulsion and acceleration of free eleetrones in said "stack". The condition is that magnetizable metals must be present in the "pile" (to support the field) "Blik", being "zinc-iron-zinc", is very suitable for this. Practice shows that the permanent magnetic field must be very strong to obtain a reasonable advantage thereof. Inventor makes full use of this.

b) Figure Description.

Figures 1a and 1b show the basic configurations of the "wax" ester and of standard cellulose; the course of the charge over the length of the molecule indicates the polarity. Figure 1c shows the fluid-mechanical structure of Si with 2 atoms O connected thereto. See "Nuclear Structure" 2006, inventor being the author.

Si is double positive and the 2 O atoms each negative. In Figure 2 shows a "sandwich" of 2 bi-element pairs with an "electret" in between (here with targeted molecules lying in a conductive base material); herein are (1) the trajectory of a free electron, (2) a mini-electrostatic field, (3) base material, (4) negative end of di-pole molecule, (5) di-pole molecule previously permanently directed , (6) positive end of di-pole molecule, (7) boundary layer of 'electret' with excess of free electrons, (8) boundary layer of 'electret' with lack of free electrons. There is an e.m.k between 25 A and B. and there is continuous flow of free electrons if there is circuit closure between A and B. Figure 3 (isometric sketch) shows a "stack" in the focal area of a parabolic reflector. Herein are: (9) is a cross-section of a 'sandwich', (10) is 'stack' (500/3 m), (11) Borosilicate tube, (12) reflector (10/1 concentrator), (13) sun via reflector, (14) sun direct, (15) switch, 30 (16) battery, (17) 'useful load', (18) 'electron polarization.

1032043

Claims (18)

  1. A method and system in which bi-element pairs exhibiting an electric potential difference (e, m, k.) Are 'sandwiched' with 'electrets' in such a way that the negative ends of the fixed atomic or whether molecular dipoles of, or in, said "electrets" are in the interface with the electro-negative portions of said bi-element pairs where there are an excess of free electrons, whereby said free electrons will accelerate because of the mini-electrostatic fields constituted by said diodes, thereby generating a continuously usable electric current, the origin of which is the 'Zero point', as well as the Internal (ambient - thermal) energies.
  2. 2. A Method and System, as in (1), wherein said bi-element pairs consist of 2 1 elements, between which a substantial contact potential occurs and which occur in the following electro-contact potential series: Zn, Cd , Sn, Pb, Al, W, Fe, Cu, Bi, Ag, C (graphite), Au, Ur, Mn, Te, Pt, Pd. {Zn is max. Pos .; Pd is max. Neg.)
  3. 3. A Method and System, as in (1) and (2), in which additionally a 'Primary' permanent magnetic field is placed over 'stacks' of bi-element pairs with 'electrets', the field lines parallel to and in the direction of the electrostatic potential, which is generated by the bi-element pairs.
  4. 4. A Method and System, as in (1), (2) and (3), wherein the South-North direction of said permanent magnetic field is in the direction from positive to negative of the electrostatic field.
  5. 5. A Method and System, as in (1) to (4), wherein a magnetizable layer is included within a layer of the same element, which forms part of a bi-element pair which together with an 'electret' layer forms a 'sandwich'. 1032043
  6. A Method and System, as in (5), wherein said magnetizable layer consists of a clement from the following series; Fe, Ni, Co, Nd, Sm.
  7. A Method and System, as in (5) and (6), wherein the magnetizable Fe, iron layer is within two Zn, zinc layers; this material is known in the Netherlands under the name "can".
  8. 8. A Method and System, as in (1) and (2), wherein in the electric circuit, in which the "eletrisehe-kraoht-broa" of this invention, as well as a "useful load" are included, also a so-called n.g. 'electron-polarizer' is included, which functions to reduce the ohmic resistance in all parts of said circuit and which is placed between the 'useful load' and the extreme positive plate of said 'stack (s)' of said 'sandwiches, , 15
  9. 10. A Method and System, as in (1), (2) and (9), wherein said "electron-polarizer" consists of a thin film of one of the elements; Au, Ag, Cu or Al, or from a very thin tube of C (carbon nano-tube).
  10. A Method and System, as in (1), (2), (9) and (10), wherein the thickness of said film, or the wall thickness of said nano-tube is <20 microns,
  11. 12. A Method and System, as in (1) and (2), wherein in addition to the energy absorption in said 'electret' part of said 'sandwiches, which of' Zero-point 'energy or of Internal (ambient-thermal) - energy origin, heat energy is added to said 'stacks' of said 'sandwiches', either in the form of radiation or in the form of convection, forced or free.
  12. A Method and System, as in (1), (2) and (12), wherein said "stacks" of 3Q -9- of said "sandwiches" are installed in a solar collector system.
  13. A Method and System, as in (1), (2), (12) and (13), wherein said 5 'stacks' of said 'sandwiches' are arranged in / after the flue line of a radiation concentrating collector system .
  14. A Method and System, as in (1), (2) and (12), wherein said "stacks" of said "sandwiches" are arranged in a channel through which hot / hot gas, 10 or hot air passes, wherein a part of this heat energy is converted into electrical energy by means of the process of this invention.
  15. A Method and System, as in any of the preceding claims, wherein said "eleetret" base material also contains a small concentration of Mg 15 or La, or Fe.
  16. A Method and System, as in any of the preceding claims, wherein the "eleetret" material is a metal oxide and wherein this metal has a longer core structure. 20
  17. A Method and System, as in any of the preceding claims, wherein said "stacks" of said "sandwiches" are confined, e.g. in a tube, so that the air humidity cannot cause an electron leak (and therefore a reduction in voltage) and if cellulose is used as "eleetret", the humidity within the "eleetret" layers remains the same.
  18. A Method and System, as in any of the preceding claims, wherein said "stacks" of said "sandwiches" are in a non-electron-conducting liquid, which creates the possibility of other metals, which may cause higher potential differences can be applied, e.g. After. 1032043
NL1032043A 2006-06-22 2006-06-22 Bi-element pairs evidence an electrical energy difference and are sandwiched with electrets so that negative ends of fixed atomic or molecular di-poles of electrets are in limit range with electro-negative parts of bi-element pairs NL1032043C1 (en)

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NL1032043A NL1032043C1 (en) 2006-06-22 2006-06-22 Bi-element pairs evidence an electrical energy difference and are sandwiched with electrets so that negative ends of fixed atomic or molecular di-poles of electrets are in limit range with electro-negative parts of bi-element pairs

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

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NL1032043A NL1032043C1 (en) 2006-06-22 2006-06-22 Bi-element pairs evidence an electrical energy difference and are sandwiched with electrets so that negative ends of fixed atomic or molecular di-poles of electrets are in limit range with electro-negative parts of bi-element pairs

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB266491A (en) * 1925-12-23 1927-03-03 Edward Alfred Graham Improvements in or relating to electrostatic devices
US3445289A (en) * 1956-06-27 1969-05-20 Us Army Battery
US4443711A (en) * 1980-06-30 1984-04-17 Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Electret device
US6294893B1 (en) * 1997-05-26 2001-09-25 Guacemmi Participacoes Societarias Ltda. Radiant system in accumulators and resultant product
NL1029488C1 (en) * 2004-12-23 2006-08-14 Arie Melis De Geus Method has evolving physical and chemical processes with three energy conversions from zero-point energy to permanent magnetic energy, to electro-chemical energy, to electrical direct current

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB266491A (en) * 1925-12-23 1927-03-03 Edward Alfred Graham Improvements in or relating to electrostatic devices
US3445289A (en) * 1956-06-27 1969-05-20 Us Army Battery
US4443711A (en) * 1980-06-30 1984-04-17 Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Electret device
US6294893B1 (en) * 1997-05-26 2001-09-25 Guacemmi Participacoes Societarias Ltda. Radiant system in accumulators and resultant product
NL1029488C1 (en) * 2004-12-23 2006-08-14 Arie Melis De Geus Method has evolving physical and chemical processes with three energy conversions from zero-point energy to permanent magnetic energy, to electro-chemical energy, to electrical direct current

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Owner name: JAN ARIE MICHAEL ANDRE DE GEUS

Effective date: 20080219

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Effective date: 20100101