NL1025091C2 - Frame assembly. - Google Patents

Frame assembly. Download PDF

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Publication number
NL1025091C2
NL1025091C2 NL1025091A NL1025091A NL1025091C2 NL 1025091 C2 NL1025091 C2 NL 1025091C2 NL 1025091 A NL1025091 A NL 1025091A NL 1025091 A NL1025091 A NL 1025091A NL 1025091 C2 NL1025091 C2 NL 1025091C2
Authority
NL
Netherlands
Prior art keywords
frame
frame assembly
assembly
leaf
rebate
Prior art date
Application number
NL1025091A
Other languages
Dutch (nl)
Inventor
Jan De Jong
Peter Walter Bouma
Jacobus Cornelis Antoniu Kroon
Rob Van Der Pluijm
Original Assignee
Tno
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tno filed Critical Tno
Priority to NL1025091A priority Critical patent/NL1025091C2/en
Priority to NL1025091 priority
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of NL1025091C2 publication Critical patent/NL1025091C2/en

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/30Coverings, e.g. protecting against weather, for decorative purposes
    • E06B3/301Coverings, e.g. protecting against weather, for decorative purposes consisting of prefabricated profiled members or glass
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B1/00Border constructions of openings in walls, floors, or ceilings; Frames to be rigidly mounted in such openings
    • E06B1/003Cavity wall closers; Fastening door or window frames in cavity walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B1/00Border constructions of openings in walls, floors, or ceilings; Frames to be rigidly mounted in such openings
    • E06B1/04Frames for doors, windows, or the like to be fixed in openings
    • E06B1/34Coverings, e.g. protecting against weather, for decorative purposes
    • E06B1/342Reveal covering members disposed alongside of a window frame

Description

Title: Frame assembly
The invention relates to a frame assembly provided with a frame and a frame part with sealing panel connected thereto, the frame comprising at least one frame part, which is designed with a cross-section consecutively bounded by a rebate surface, a stop surface, a mounting surface and a front surface, the rebate surface and the mounting surface as well as the stop surface and the front surface are substantially opposite each other, and wherein positioning provisions for positioning and mounting provisions for sealing and anchoring are present in a wall opening.
Traditionally in the Netherlands, when building is the first part of a façade, one or more frames are placed on the building, which is used as a reference for determining the position of other parts of the façade, such as brickwork. When building progresses, the frame is bricked in and the anchoring screwed into the frame continues to form a fixed and in fact inseparable part of the facade. A number of disadvantages are associated with this way of working. For example, the first placed frame in unpainted and unglazed condition is subject to weather influences during the entire building process and there is a high risk of being damaged by other construction activities to be carried out. This can further reduce the lifespan of a frame, which is already shorter than that of the masonry, while replacing a frame is a laborious and labor-intensive task due to the usual anchoring of it using anchors. Furthermore, various activities must be carried out at various times with and on the frame by various people, which has an unfavorable influence on coordination and costs of construction work. These and other disadvantages, such as, for example, weather-delayed painting delays and 325091 "2 glazing, have led to the search for other building methods.
In this context, consideration has been given to the first placement of a frame frame simply designed as a wooden frame as a reference for erecting further façade parts. The final frame is mounted on and over this frame just before the delivery of the building, which must then be connected to the frame and the surrounding brickwork and sealed to finish. Especially these latter activities are time-consuming, complicated and critical for the end result, among other things because connections are not standard and therefore expensive. This technique is therefore mainly applied to aluminum and wooden frames during renovation work.
A fairly recent and interesting development is a frame assembly referred to in the preamble, which is known under the Kapla brand name. When applying such a frame construction, use is made in the initial phase of the construction of a work-through window temporarily connected to the inner leaf of a cavity wall. The inner leaf is thereby projected over some distance, for instance between 30 and 35 mm, preferably 32 mm, with respect to the outer leaf and an angle steel is fixed in the cavity on the inner leaf. The work-through frame is removed just before the delivery of the building, after which a fully painted and glazed Kapla frame is installed. The frame assembly is herein pushed into the relevant wall opening from the outside until the stop surface abuts the inner leaf of the cavity wall.
Subsequently, the frame assembly with the adjusting provisions is positioned in the correct desired position with respect to the relevant wall opening and fixedly connected to the angle steel, wherein between the frame part and the end inside of the outer leaf of the cavity wall an open gap of a number of millimeters, for example 5 è. 6 mm, remaining.
325091 3
The invention has for its object to design a frame assembly with the advantages of a Kapla frame such that it moreover becomes even more maintenance-friendly and energy-saving.
This is achieved in accordance with the invention with a frame assembly 5 of the type described in the preamble if the frame part is arranged in a manner covering the front surface. As a result of this measure, less frame area is directly exposed to weather influences, which leads to less maintenance required and less energy loss through the frame. These special advantages can be obtained by making optimum use of the special frame construction with, in the mounted state, a gap remaining open between the frame part and the end face of the outer leaf of the cavity wall, which gap allows the frame part to have the frame completely covered. The frame assembly has hereby been given a layered structure, whereby it is also possible to accommodate all vulnerable and expensive parts in one of the layers. Such a layered structure is particularly advantageous with a frame assembly of which the frame part is made of a material that is rather susceptible to attack, such as wood.
In order to realize optimum adjustment possibilities and also to keep the gap as small as possible and while maintaining a complete covering, the possibility of pivoting the frame part relative to the frame, according to a further embodiment of the invention, a it is preferable for a part of the mounting surface adjoining the front surface to extend substantially perpendicularly to the front surface and the frame part has a boundary surface which is located in the same plane as the intended part of the mounting surface.
In the case that the frame part is provided with a glass panel, the frame assembly can be made even less maintenance if, in accordance with a further embodiment of the invention, a surface of the frame part opposite the front face 30 of the frame part is covered by a protective element, such as a cover slat made of wood, for example, so that in addition to the glass panel only that shielding element is exposed to weather influences. Such an extension of the layered structure of the frame assembly not only means less maintenance required, but also increases the service life of the frame assembly. After all, when manufacturing the protective element from a material that is not or is not sensitive to attack, the lower parts from material that is susceptible to attack are effectively shielded, while in the preference of manufacturing the protective element from a more sensitive material, only this needs to be replaced in due course, which can be realized quickly and easily by the location of that element.
According to a further embodiment of the invention, it is provided that the protective element forms part of the sealing panel.
If the sealing panel is a glass panel, this means that only a glass surface is exposed to weather influences, which further reduces maintenance and further increases the service life. In the case that the sealing panel is a double pane, this can for instance simply be realized by designing the outer glass panel of the double pane 20 protruding with respect to the inner glass panel.
If the purpose of the frame construction is to realize a casement window or a door, this can be achieved if the frame part is hingedly connected to the frame. A construction that cannot be opened is available if the frame part is firmly connected to the frame.
Although the connection and covering of the frame part on the front surface of the frame part can be reliably sealed by suitable means, it may be preferred, in accordance with a further embodiment of the invention, that the front surface is of a stepped design, whereby a rebate is formed. and the frame part 30 has a corresponding stepped design and can engage in the rebate. Staged by 125091 "5 is here understood to be staggered in any way, so that the contact surface between the front face and the frame part is offset staggered from a straight face.
The principle of the layered structure of the frame assembly can be further elaborated and the associated advantages can be further expanded if a cover element is arranged on the frame part extending along the rebate surface from the front surface beyond the stop surface. The frame part and stems of fastening provisions arranged therein can therefore be completely covered on the inside and kept out of sight. Of course, a covering element as intended can have any shape and have any desired width, i.e. extend over the full width of the end face of the inner leaf and, if desired, cover the angle to the inner surface of the inner leaf.
With reference to embodiments shown in the drawings, albeit exclusively as non-limiting examples, the frame assembly according to the invention will be further elucidated.
It shows:
FIG. 1 is a first embodiment in perspective; and FIG. 2 shows a second embodiment in cross-section.
In FIG. 1, a cavity wall 1 is shown, which is composed of an inner leaf 2, a cavity 3 and an outer leaf 4. In the cavity 3, an insulating layer 5 is arranged against the inner leaf 2. In the cavity wall 1 there is a wall opening 6 for receiving a window, door and the like. This wall opening 6 is created by placing a simple, wooden frame frame no longer present in the drawing with the dimensions of the wall opening 6 to be created, which frame frame serves as a reference for the cavity wall 1 with the wall opening to be realized 6. The cavity wall 1 is thereby embodied such that the inner leaf 2 extends further into the wall opening 6 over a distance of 32 mm 12 5091 6 than the outer leaf 4, whereby this further does not become the wall opening 6 in the extending part of the inner leaf 2. covered by the insulation layer 5.
Between the insulating layer 5 and the inner sheet 2 there is a leg 5 of an angle steel 7, the other leg of which extends perpendicular to the inner sheet 2 and covers the end of the insulating layer 5 in such a way that the outer surface of that leg is the same plane is located as an end face of the outer leaf 4 bounding the wall opening 6. The angle steel 7 is fixedly connected to the inner leaf 2 in a manner not shown. The above-mentioned frame has been removed from the wall opening 6 prior to mounting the final frame. . Subsequently, a frame assembly, generally indicated by 8, and a frame, of which a frame part 9 forms part and comprises a frame part 10, are pushed into the wall opening 6 as a whole. It is noted here that the frame can be made in one piece or can be composed of a number of frame parts, such as style parts and sill parts, wherein said component parts per se can also be composed of a number of elements. that in order to be able to perform said sliding-in operation, the outer circumference of the frame assembly must be smaller than the inner circumference of the wall opening 6 at the location of the outer leaf 4 of the cavity wall 1. The dimensioning of the frame assembly is further selected such that sliding into the wall opening 6 abuts the inner leaf 2 of the cavity wall 1.
The frame part 9 is provided with a rebate surface 9a, a stop surface 9b, a mounting surface 9c and a front surface 9d. The frame part 9 accommodates a number of adjusting bushes 11 distributed over its length, which are accommodated in through-bores 12 extending from the rebate surface 9a to the mounting surface 9c. The adjusting bushes 11 are designed as hollow sleeves which are on their outer surface of a kind of threaded thickening are provided, while at least a part of the inner circumference has a hexagonal shape in cross-section, which can cooperate with an Allen key. Furthermore, the frame part 9 is provided with a sealing profile 13 starting from the mounting surface 9c, which sealing member 5 can abut against the insulating layer 5 and thus seals any gap between the insulating layer 5 and the frame part 9, but remains free from the inside of the outer sheet 4. At the location of the abutment surface 9b, the frame part 9 is provided with a sealing strip 14, which seals a possible gap between the frame part 9 and the inner leaf 2 in a sealing manner.
The frame part 10 is provided with a recess 10a for receiving a sealing panel, such as a double pane. The frame part 10 is arranged such that it covers the entire front surface 9d of the frame part 9 and thus protects it from the weather. In turn, the frame part 10 is again protected from direct weather influences by a protective element in the form of a cover slat 16. As already mentioned, the frame assembly 8 is pushed in its entirety into the wall opening 6. The frame part 10 can herein be fixed or pivotally connected to the frame part 9 in the manner of a window or door.
After sliding in the frame assembly 8 as a stop against the inner leaf 2, the frame assembly 8 is adjusted relative to the wall opening 6 with the aid of the adjusting bushes 11, which for this purpose are screwed out of the frame part 9 with a hexagon socket wrench against the angle steel 7. The frame assembly 8 is thereby dimensioned such that with central adjustment in a wall opening 6 there is a gap of 6 mm between the frame part 9 and the corner shed 7 and thus also between the frame part 10 and the outer leaf 4. Such a gap is sufficient in order to be able to slide the frame assembly 8 into the wall opening 6 without any problems, and to allow it to be pivoted out of the wall opening 6 in the manner of a window or door in the case of a hinged frame part.
125091 8
After the frame assembly 8 has been set to the desired position, fastening means, such as self-tapping screws, are arranged via the hollow adjusting bushes 11, whether or not after pre-processing, such as drilling a hole in the angle steel 7, for securing and securing the 5 frame assembly in that set position. In order to finish, over at least a part of the rebate surface 9a, the sealing strip 14 and at least a part of the end face of the inner leaf may be provided in FIG. 1, indicated by a dashed line, cover element 17 is provided.
In FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view with respect to FIG. 1 shows an embodiment modified in a number of details in which identical elements with the same reference numerals as in FIG. 1 are displayed. In FIG. 2 shows how, in the manner as in FIG. 1, the frame assembly 8 can be secured with the aid of a screw 18 which extends through an adjusting bush 11 and connects the frame assembly 8 to the angle steel 7, 15 which in turn is fixed on the inner sheet 2. A further change is made in omitting the cover slat 16, wherein the frame part 10 is then protected from weather influences by extending the outer panel of the double pane 15, whereby that extended outer panel completely covers and protects the front surface of the frame part. Furthermore, the front face of the frame part 9 is of a stepped design and a complementary shape is provided in the frame part 10. Hereby the seal between the frame part 9 and the frame part 10 can be improved, in particular if the frame part 10 is in the manner of a frame or a door is swiveled open. It is noted that the embodiment of the rebate shown is only one of many embodiments possible in frame construction and that it can be modified and expanded in many ways.
FIG. 2 furthermore shows the cover element 17, which keeps the bore 12, the adjusting bush 11, the screw 18, the sealing strip 14 and thus the transition between the frame part 9 and the inner leaf 2 out of sight. The cover element D25C91 9 17 can, if desired, be made wider and extend around the corner of the inner leaf 2.
It has already been stated that a frame assembly is provided with a frame comprising at least one frame part. The frame of such a frame assembly usually comprises two frame parts and two sill parts, which together form a rectangular frame. Such construction details are considered to be so widely known that the explicit display and further discussion thereof has been omitted. In addition, it is also noted that not all frame parts need to contain adjusting means.
10 For example, for a sill, these will often be omitted. Furthermore, it is also possible to envisage adjusting means which are adjustable at one frame part and which are fixedly mounted at another frame part opposite the first frame part.
It goes without saying that within the framework of the invention as laid down in the appended claims, many modifications and variants are still possible. For example, if desired, frame part and frame part can be composed of several elements or form part of a composite front, which can be provided with windows, doors and fixed panels, such as windows. An example is a rectangular frame made of four parts. This frame can of course also have any other desired shape. Furthermore, the frame parts and the frame parts can be made of any suitable material, such as wood, aluminum, steel and plastic. Securing the frame assembly to the inner leaf of the cavity wall is possible in any other suitable manner than with the angle steel and screws shown.
25091

Claims (9)

1. Frame assembly provided with a frame and a frame part with sealing panel connected thereto, wherein the frame comprises at least one frame part, which is designed with a cross-section consecutively bounded by a rebate surface, a stop surface, a mounting surface and a front surface, the front surface of which rebate surface and the mounting surface as well as the stop surface and the front surface are substantially opposite to each other, and wherein adjusting provisions are provided for positioning and mounting provisions for sealing and anchoring in a wall opening, characterized in that the frame part covers the front surface in a manner is applied.
Frame assembly as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that a part of the mounting surface connecting to the front surface extends substantially perpendicular to the front surface and the frame part has a boundary surface which is located in the same plane as said part of the mounting surface.
Frame assembly as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that a surface of the frame part opposite the front surface of the frame part is covered by a protective element.
Frame assembly according to claim 3, characterized in that the protective element is a cover lath.
Frame assembly according to claim 3, characterized in that the protective element forms part of the sealing panel.
6. Frame assembly as claimed in any of the foregoing claims, characterized in that the frame part is hinged to the frame.
7. Frame assembly as claimed in any of the claims 1-5, characterized in that the frame part is fixedly connected to the frame. 125091
Frame assembly as claimed in any of the foregoing claims, characterized in that the front surface is designed in a stepped manner, so that a rebate is formed, and the frame part is correspondingly arranged in a stepped manner and can engage in the rebate.
Frame assembly as claimed in any of the foregoing claims, characterized in that a cover element is arranged on the frame part extending along the rebate surface from the front surface beyond the stop surface. 2 5091
NL1025091A 2003-12-19 2003-12-19 Frame assembly. NL1025091C2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NL1025091A NL1025091C2 (en) 2003-12-19 2003-12-19 Frame assembly.
NL1025091 2003-12-19

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NL1025091A NL1025091C2 (en) 2003-12-19 2003-12-19 Frame assembly.
PCT/NL2004/000880 WO2005059289A1 (en) 2003-12-19 2004-12-17 Casing assembly
EP20040808796 EP1702129A1 (en) 2003-12-19 2004-12-17 Casing assembly

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
NL1025091C2 true NL1025091C2 (en) 2005-06-21

Family

ID=34699173

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
NL1025091A NL1025091C2 (en) 2003-12-19 2003-12-19 Frame assembly.

Country Status (3)

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EP (1) EP1702129A1 (en)
NL (1) NL1025091C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2005059289A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2105566B1 (en) * 2008-03-26 2016-10-12 VKR Holding A/S Window assembly with a cover panel assembly to cover window opening

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1493959A (en) * 1974-02-20 1977-12-07 Johansen J Window construction
US4328644A (en) * 1979-12-10 1982-05-11 Philips Industries, Inc. Plastic clad window and method of manufacture
EP0275154A1 (en) * 1987-01-13 1988-07-20 Richard Lewis Stoakes Wall structures
EP0311701A1 (en) * 1987-10-14 1989-04-19 V. Kann Rasmussen Industri A/S Window, door or the like, especially for façades
US5412922A (en) * 1993-11-15 1995-05-09 A.M.S.-Derby Inc. Replacement window and method
NL1018124C2 (en) * 1999-12-07 2001-12-05 Illbruck Gmbh Window or door frame for mounting in house wall with cavity, provided with seal extending parallel to wall inside this cavity

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3720025A (en) 1971-03-05 1973-03-13 E Eichman Curtain wall system with vents
BE874051A (en) * 1979-02-09 1979-08-09 Simec Nv THERMAL INSULATION FOR DOORS WINDOWS AND THE LIKE
NL1008247C2 (en) 1998-02-09 1999-08-18 Ubbink Nederland Bv Method and device for placing window frames in cavity walls.
DE20102936U1 (en) * 2001-01-12 2001-05-23 Fleck Erwin Window or door with two leaves

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1493959A (en) * 1974-02-20 1977-12-07 Johansen J Window construction
US4328644A (en) * 1979-12-10 1982-05-11 Philips Industries, Inc. Plastic clad window and method of manufacture
EP0275154A1 (en) * 1987-01-13 1988-07-20 Richard Lewis Stoakes Wall structures
EP0311701A1 (en) * 1987-10-14 1989-04-19 V. Kann Rasmussen Industri A/S Window, door or the like, especially for façades
US5412922A (en) * 1993-11-15 1995-05-09 A.M.S.-Derby Inc. Replacement window and method
NL1018124C2 (en) * 1999-12-07 2001-12-05 Illbruck Gmbh Window or door frame for mounting in house wall with cavity, provided with seal extending parallel to wall inside this cavity

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2005059289A1 (en) 2005-06-30
EP1702129A1 (en) 2006-09-20

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