KR950006623Y1 - Regenerative electric air heater - Google Patents

Regenerative electric air heater Download PDF

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Publication number
KR950006623Y1
KR950006623Y1 KR92024578U KR920024578U KR950006623Y1 KR 950006623 Y1 KR950006623 Y1 KR 950006623Y1 KR 92024578 U KR92024578 U KR 92024578U KR 920024578 U KR920024578 U KR 920024578U KR 950006623 Y1 KR950006623 Y1 KR 950006623Y1
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
heat storage
air
storage
heat
tank
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KR92024578U
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Korean (ko)
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KR940016682U (en
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김용덕
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김용덕
김정기
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Priority to KR92024578U priority Critical patent/KR950006623Y1/en
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Publication of KR950006623Y1 publication Critical patent/KR950006623Y1/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H7/00Storage heaters, i.e. heaters in which energy is stored as heat in masses for subsequent release
    • F24H7/02Storage heaters, i.e. heaters in which energy is stored as heat in masses for subsequent release the released heat being conveyed to a transfer fluid, e.g. air, water
    • F24H7/04Storage heaters, i.e. heaters in which energy is stored as heat in masses for subsequent release the released heat being conveyed to a transfer fluid, e.g. air, water with forced circulation of the transfer fluid
    • F24H7/0408Storage heaters, i.e. heaters in which energy is stored as heat in masses for subsequent release the released heat being conveyed to a transfer fluid, e.g. air, water with forced circulation of the transfer fluid with electrical energy supply
    • F24H7/0416Storage heaters, i.e. heaters in which energy is stored as heat in masses for subsequent release the released heat being conveyed to a transfer fluid, e.g. air, water with forced circulation of the transfer fluid with electrical energy supply the transfer fluid being air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/18Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements
    • F24H9/1809Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for water heaters
    • F24H9/1818Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for water heaters electric heating means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H2250/00Electrical heat generating means
    • F24H2250/02Resistances

Abstract

내용 없음.No content.

Description

축열식 전기 온풍기Regenerative Electric Heat Fan
제 1 도는 본 고안의 일부를 절단한 상태의 사시도로서 내체와 외체를 분리한 상태의 사시도.1 is a perspective view of a state in which a part of the present invention is cut and a perspective view of a state in which an inner body and an outer body are separated.
제 2 도는 본 고안의 내, 외체가 조립된 상태의 종단면도.2 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of the inner and outer bodies of the present invention assembled.
제 3 도는 제 2 도의 A-A선 단면도.3 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line A-A of FIG.
제 4 도는 본 고안의 공기 이송관을 보인 일부 확대도.Figure 4 is an enlarged view of a part showing the air transfer pipe of the present invention.
* 도면의 주요부분에 대한 부호의 설명* Explanation of symbols for main parts of the drawings
1 : 외체 2 : 내체1: external 2: internal
3 : 축열재 저장조 4 : 가열조3: heat storage material storage tank 4: heating tank
5a, 5b : 간막이 6 : 공기이송관5a, 5b: partition 6: air transfer pipe
7 : 히이터 9 : 공기정화용필터7: heater 9: air purification filter
10 : 송풍기 11 : 축열재 투입구10: blower 11: heat storage material inlet
본 고안은 가정이나 사무실등에서 사용되는 축열식 전기 온풍기에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a regenerative electric hot air fan used in homes or offices.
더욱 상세히는 내체 내부에 축열물질을 저장하여 전기료가 비교적 싼 심야에 출열물질에 열원을 공급하여 축열을 꾀하고, 상기와 같이 축열저장된 열을 주간에 이용하여 난방을 꾀하므로서 국가산업발전에 기여하고 사용자에게는 경제성을 제공하고자 함에 주안점을 둔 것이다.More specifically, the heat storage material is stored inside the body to supply heat source to the heat output material in the middle of the night, which is relatively low in electricity charges, to regenerate the heat. The focus is on providing economics to users.
특히, 본 고안에 있어서는 축열물질을 잠열축열재를 이용하므로서, 그 잠열에 의해 오랜시간 지속적으로 난방이 이루어 지도록 한 축열식 전기 온풍기이다.In particular, in the present invention, by using the latent heat storage material as the heat storage material, it is a heat storage type electric hot air heater which is continuously heated by the latent heat for a long time.
종래, 온풍기의 구조는, 다양하게 제안된 바 있다.Conventionally, the structure of a warm air fan has been variously proposed.
즉, 전기 히터를 이용한 온풍기, 혹은 가스 및 유류를 이용한 온풍기 및 온수 순환에 의해 이루어진 온풍기등이 주류를 이루고 있다.In other words, a hot air fan using an electric heater, a hot air fan using a gas and an oil, and a hot air fan formed by circulation of hot water are the mainstream.
그러나 상기한 종래 온풍기는 각각 그 기체내부에 전기 히터, 버어너 혹은 온수관등이 설치되어 이들이 발열을 하고, 이때, 송풍기의 강제 송풍에 의해 더운 공기를 대류시킴으로서, 난방을 꾀하였던 것으로 잦은 가동 및 정지가 행해졌고, 특히 가동시 그 시간이 길어 에너지 손실이 컸던 것이다.However, the above-mentioned conventional hot air heaters have electric heaters, burners, or hot water pipes installed in the gas, respectively, and they generate heat. At this time, by convection hot air by forced blow of the blower, the heater is frequently operated and stopped. And the energy loss was great because of the long run time.
본원 고안은 상기의 구조와는 다른 구성으로서 소정의 밀폐된 용기체 내부에 축열재를 저장하여 일정시간동안 축열을 행하고 필요시 그 축열된 열을 장시간 이용하므로서, 잦은 가동에 따른 전력 소모를 최소화 시키고자 한 것으로, 그 구성을 첨부도면을 토대로 하여 상세히 살펴보면 다음과 같다.The present invention is different from the above structure by storing the heat storage material inside a predetermined sealed container body to perform heat storage for a predetermined time and use the heat storage for a long time if necessary, thereby minimizing the power consumption of frequent operation As such, the configuration will be described in detail based on the accompanying drawings.
도면 부호 1은 외체로서 내체가 끼워질 수 있는 케이스이며, 그 내부면에는 단열재(1a)가 부착형성되어 단열성을 향상시키도록 되어 있는 것으로 공지의 구성과 유사하다.Reference numeral 1 is a case in which an inner body can be fitted as an outer body, and an inner surface of the inner body 1a is attached to be formed to improve heat insulating properties, which is similar to a known configuration.
도면 부호 2는 내체로서 상부로는 축열재 저장조(3)가 설치되고 축열재 저장조(3) 하부로는 가열조(4)가 각간막이 (5a)(5b)에 의해 분리 형성되며, 축열재 저장조(3) 상부면(3a)과 가열조(4) 하부의 간막이 (5b) 사이에는 파이프형으로된 공기이송관(6)들이 연통되게 복수개 설치되어 있고, 가열조(4) 내부에는 히이터(7)가 설치되어 있다.Reference numeral 2 denotes an inner body, and a heat storage material storage tank 3 is installed at an upper portion thereof, and a heating tank 4 is formed at a lower portion of the heat storage material storage tank 3 by separate partitions 5a and 5b. (3) Between the upper surface 3a and the partition 5b of the lower portion of the heating tank 4, a plurality of pipe-shaped air transfer pipes 6 are provided so as to communicate with each other, and the heater 7 inside the heating tank 4 is provided. Is installed.
한편 공기 이송관 내부에는 제 4 도에서 도시한 바와 같이 단면이 "X" 형상으로 된 휜(6a)이 끼워져 설치되어 공기의 흐름을 부드럽게 해주고 동시에 발열면적이 넓도록 되어 있다.On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 4, a 6b having an X-shaped cross section is fitted inside the air conveying pipe to soften the flow of air and at the same time, to generate a large heating area.
그리고, 가열조(4)의 하부로는 공기정화용 필터(9)가 설치되고, 그 하부 즉 내체(2)의 바닥면에는 송풍기(10)가 설치되어 주입구(10a)를 통해 외부의 공기를 흡입하도록 되어 있다.In addition, an air purifying filter 9 is installed at a lower portion of the heating tank 4, and a blower 10 is installed at the bottom of the lower portion of the inner body 2 to suck external air through the inlet 10a. It is supposed to be.
또한 상기한 축열재 저장조(3)의 상부면(3a)에는 2개의 다소 큰 축열재 투입구(11)가 뚫어지며, 그 상부로는 밀봉용 후렌지(12a)를 갖는 안전변(12)이 체결부재(13)에 의해 밀폐 결합된다.In addition, two rather large heat storage material inlets 11 are formed in the upper surface 3a of the heat storage material storage tank 3, and a safety side 12 having a sealing flange 12a is connected to the fastening member (2). 13) is hermetically coupled.
따라서, 상기와 같이 각부를 구성한 내체(2)는 외체(1)내부에 끼워져 결합되어 완성된 단일체의 온풍기가 되는 것으로 외체(1)내에 내체(2)가 끼워졌을 때는 제 2 도에서 도시한 바와같이 그 상부에 소정의 공간부(14)가 형성되어 공기가 이송 순환되도록 된다.Accordingly, the inner body 2 constituting the respective parts as described above is a hot air fan of a single unit which is inserted into the outer body 1 and is combined, and when the inner body 2 is inserted into the outer body 1, as shown in FIG. Likewise, a predetermined space portion 14 is formed thereon to allow air to be transported and circulated.
도면중 미설명부호 15는 온도제어 콘트롤박스이고, 16은 작동스위치이며, 17a, 17b는 외기주입부 및 온기배출부, 18은 축열재 저장조에 충진되는 축열재이다.In the drawings, reference numeral 15 denotes a temperature control control box, 16 denotes an operation switch, 17a and 17b denote an external air injection unit and a warm air discharge unit, and 18 denotes a thermal storage material filled in a heat storage material storage tank.
이와같이 구성된 본원 고안의 작용 효과를 실제 사용상태를 들어 살펴보면 다음과 같다.Looking at the actual use state of the effect of the present invention configured as described above are as follows.
난방을 꾀하고자할 경우에는 먼저, 축열재 저장조(3)에 들어 있는 축열재(18)에 열을 공급할 필요가 있다.When heating is desired, first, it is necessary to supply heat to the heat storage material 18 contained in the heat storage material storage tank 3.
따라서, 히이터(7)에 전기를 공급하면 히이터(7)가 가열하여 그 상부에 위치한 축열재 저장조(3)에 열이 공급되어 이때 축열재(18)가 자체 상변화 온도에 도달할 때까지 축열을 하게 된다.Therefore, when electricity is supplied to the heater 7, the heater 7 is heated and heat is supplied to the heat storage material storage tank 3 located above the heat storage material until the heat storage material 18 reaches its phase change temperature. Will be
상기와 같이 일정한 시간동안 가열시켜 소정온도까지 축열이 완료되면 송풍기(10)를 가동시킨다.As described above, when the heat storage is completed to a predetermined temperature by heating for a predetermined time, the blower 10 is operated.
물론, 이때는 전기 소비가 적고 전기사용료가 싼 심야에 축열을 하여두면 경제적이다.Of course, at this time, it is economical to store heat in the middle of the night with low electricity consumption and low electric charge.
한편, 송풍기(10)가 가동되면 외부공기가 외체(1) 전방하부에 형성된 외기주입부(17a) 및 주입구(10)를 통해 내체(1)내부로 강제 흡입된다.On the other hand, when the blower 10 is operated, the external air is forcibly sucked into the inner body 1 through the outer air injection unit 17a and the injection port 10 formed in the front lower portion of the outer body 1.
이와 같이 강제 흡입된 외기는 일단 필터(9)에 의해 공기정화가 이루어진 후 복수개의 공기이송관(6) 및 온기 배출구(17b)를 통해 다시 외기로 배출되는 것으로 결국 송풍기(10)에 의해 외기는 강제 대류되면서 난방이 이루어지는 것이다.The outside air forcedly sucked in this way is discharged to the outside air through the plurality of air transfer pipes 6 and the warm air outlet 17b after the air purification is once performed by the filter 9, and the outside air is forced by the blower 10. Convection is heating.
상기와 같이 외기가 공기이송관(6)을 통해 이송될 때 공기이송관(6)은 그 일부하단은 히이터(7)가 설치된 가열조(4)내에 설치되어 있으므로 가열되어 있고, 또한 그 상부는 축열된 축열재(18)와 접촉되어 있으므로 결국 외기로부터 주입된 공기는 더운 공기(온기)로 변하여 공간부(14)내에서 혼화된 후 온기배출부(17b)로 배출되어 난방효과를 주게 되는 것이다.When the outside air is transferred through the air transfer pipe 6 as described above, the air transfer pipe 6 is partially heated at the lower end of the air transfer pipe 6 because it is installed in the heating bath 4 in which the heater 7 is installed. Since the air is in contact with the heat storage material 18, the air injected from the outside air is converted into hot air (warm), mixed in the space 14, and discharged to the warm air discharge unit 17b to give a heating effect.
다시 설명하면 외기의 공기는 송풍기(10)의 강제 송풍력에 의해 주입구(10) → 필터(9) → 공기이송관(6) → 공간부(14) → 온기배출부(17b)를 순차적으로 거치면서(강제대류됨) 난방이 되는 것이다.In other words, the outside air is sequentially passed through the inlet 10 → the filter 9 → the air transfer pipe 6 → the space 14 → the warm air discharge unit 17b by the forced blowing force of the blower 10. (Forced convection) heating.
이때, 난방이 이루어지고 있을 때 예를 들어 온풍의 온도가 설정이하의 온도일때에는 재차 히이터(7)가 발열하여 축열재(18)를 가열시키므로서 난방이 연속적으로 이루어지며, 축열재 저장조(3) 내부에 소정 이상의 팽창압이 발생하였을 경우에는 안전변(12)이 작동하여 내부의 팽창압은 외기로 방출되어 안전성이 부여된다.At this time, when the heating is performed, for example, when the temperature of the warm air is below the set temperature, the heater 7 heats again and heats the heat storage material 18, thereby continuously heating the heat storage material storage tank 3 When a predetermined or more inflation pressure occurs inside the safety valve 12, the inflation pressure is released to the outside air to provide safety.
또한, 공기이송관(6)을 통해 이송되는 공기는 공기 이송관의 내부에 그 단면형상이 "X"형상의 휜(6a)이 설치되어 있으므로 그 공기의 흐름이 부드럽고 동시에 휜(6a)이 설치된 만큼의 단열면적이 넓기 때문에 온풍의 효과가 더욱 커지는 이점이 있는 것이다.In addition, since the air conveyed through the air conveying pipe 6 is provided with a fin (6a) having an "X" cross-sectional shape inside the air conveying tube, the air flows smoothly and at the same time as the fin (6a) is installed. Since the thermal insulation area of the is wider, the effect of the warm air is more advantageous.
특히, 본 고안을 보다 효과적이고, 경제적으로 사용하기 위하여는 도시되고 있는 바와 같이 소정의 용기형상으로된 용기체 내부에 잠열축열물질을 충진하고 이와 같이 잠열 축열 물질이 충진된 상태의 용기 (본 고안에서는 축열재로 설명하고 있음)를 축열재 저장조(3) 내부에 무수히 투입시켜, 사용하면 열효율이 더욱 커져 경제성을 갖게 되는 것이다.Particularly, in order to use the present invention more effectively and economically, as shown in the drawing, a latent heat storage material is filled in a container body having a predetermined container shape. Is described as a heat storage material) to the inside of the heat storage material storage tank (3), if used, the thermal efficiency is further increased and economical.
상기와 같이 본원 고안은 내체(1) 내부에 축열재(18)가 저장되는 축열재 저장조(3)를 설치하여 전력소모량이 적고 값이싼 야간에 축열을 한 후, 활동시간인 주간에 사용될 수 있도록 한 것으로 경제성을 갖는 것이다.As described above, the present invention can be used during the daytime, which is an active time after the heat storage at a low power consumption and low cost by installing a heat storage material storage tank 3 in which the heat storage material 18 is stored in the inner body 1. It is to have economic feasibility.
그리고, 상기한 축열재는 잠열축열물질이 열효율적 측면에서는 바람직하지만, 필요에 따라 축열재로서 물, 기름 혹은 어떤 화학물질을 이용하더라도 난방의 효과는 동일한 것으로 본 고안의 범주내에 속한다 할 것이다.And, the heat storage material is a latent heat storage material is preferable in terms of thermal efficiency, but if necessary, the effect of heating even if water, oil or any chemical as the heat storage material will be within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

  1. 외체(2) 내부면에 단열재(1a)를 부착시키고 그 내부에 내체(2)를 끼워 결합시킨 것에 있어서, 내체(2)는 상하부로 축열재 저장조(3)와 가열조(4)가 각 간막이(5a) (5b)에 의해 분리 형성되며, 축열재 저장조(3) 상부면(3a)과 가열조(4) 하부의 간막이(5b)간에는 파이프형의 공기이송관(6)이 연통되게 복수개 설치되고, 가열조(4) 내부에는 히이터(7)가 설치되며, 가열조(4)의 하부 송풍기(10)의 근접부에 공기정화용 필터(9)가 설치됨과 동시에 상기한 축열재 저장조(3) 상부로 축열재(18)를 투입시킬수 있는 축열재 투입구(11)가 뚫어진 것을 특징으로 하는 축열식 전기 온풍기.In the case where the heat insulator 1a is attached to the inner surface of the outer body 2 and the inner body 2 is inserted into the inner body 2, the inner body 2 is placed on the upper and lower sides thereof, and the heat storage material storage tank 3 and the heating tank 4 are each partitioned. (5a) It is separated and formed by (5b), and a plurality of pipe-type air transfer pipes (6) are installed between the upper surface (3a) of the heat storage material storage tank (3) and the partition (5b) of the lower portion of the heating tank (4). The heater 7 is installed inside the heating tank 4, and the air purification filter 9 is installed near the lower blower 10 of the heating tank 4, and the upper portion of the heat storage material storage tank 3 is provided. A heat storage type electric hot air blower, characterized in that the heat storage material inlet (11) can be injected into the heat storage material (18).
  2. 제 1 항에 있어서, 공기 이송관(6) 내측에 휜(6a)이 끼워져 설치된 축열식 전기온풍기.The heat storage type electric hot air blower according to claim 1, wherein a fin (6a) is fitted inside the air transfer pipe (6).
KR92024578U 1992-12-07 1992-12-07 Regenerative electric air heater KR950006623Y1 (en)

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KR92024578U KR950006623Y1 (en) 1992-12-07 1992-12-07 Regenerative electric air heater

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KR92024578U KR950006623Y1 (en) 1992-12-07 1992-12-07 Regenerative electric air heater

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KR950006623Y1 true KR950006623Y1 (en) 1995-08-16

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR19990083914A (en) * 1999-08-30 1999-12-06 안종태 Indoor regenerative hot air furnace made of wood
KR100733273B1 (en) * 2006-09-12 2007-06-29 임재신 Fan heater

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