KR20200026671A - Fiber composite panel combined with ore powder and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Fiber composite panel combined with ore powder and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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KR20200026671A
KR20200026671A KR1020190065328A KR20190065328A KR20200026671A KR 20200026671 A KR20200026671 A KR 20200026671A KR 1020190065328 A KR1020190065328 A KR 1020190065328A KR 20190065328 A KR20190065328 A KR 20190065328A KR 20200026671 A KR20200026671 A KR 20200026671A
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ore powder
layer
fiber composite
mixed material
plant fiber
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KR1020190065328A
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Korean (ko)
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위누 정
밍주 정
지에 순
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지에 순
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Priority to CN201810991618.7A priority Critical patent/CN109053125A/en
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Publication of KR20200026671A publication Critical patent/KR20200026671A/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/30Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing magnesium cements or similar cements
    • C04B28/32Magnesium oxychloride cements, e.g. Sorel cement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B21/00Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board
    • B32B21/04Layered products comprising a layer of wood, e.g. wood board, veneer, wood particle board comprising wood as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/14Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements being composed of two or more materials
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/66Sealings
    • E04B1/68Sealings of joints, e.g. expansion joints
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/296Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and non-metallic or unspecified sheet-material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • E04C2/38Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure with attached ribs, flanges, or the like, e.g. framed panels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/14Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by the properties of the layers
    • B32B37/24Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by the properties of the layers with at least one layer not being coherent before laminating, e.g. made up from granular material sprinkled onto a substrate
    • B32B2037/243Coating
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/20Resistance against chemical, physical or biological attack
    • C04B2111/28Fire resistance, i.e. materials resistant to accidental fires or high temperatures

Abstract

The present invention relates to a fiber composite panel combined with ore powder, and a manufacturing method and application thereof. The fiber composite panel, belonging to a construction material technology field, is capable of solving issues of an existing panel which has a short lifespan and poor mechanical performance, is not fire-resistant and causes a high construction cost. The fiber composite panel includes the following components by mass fraction: 12% of magnesium chloride, 23% of magnesium oxide, 6% of plant fiber yarn, 58% of woodblocks, and the remaining of water. The fiber composite panel is assembled in accordance with a process in which a foundation payoff, foundation construction, an installation low-rise panelboard, an installation low-rise floorboard, an adhesion low-rise wall, a second-story payoff, an installation second-story panelboard, an adhesion second-story panelboard and a low-rise floorboard, a third-story payoff, an installation third-story panelboard, an installation roof board and a body are all sequentially adhered. The present invention is low-cost and eco-friendly.

Description

광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재 및 제조방법과 응용{FIBER COMPOSITE PANEL COMBINED WITH ORE POWDER AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF}FIBER COMPOSITE PANEL COMBINED WITH ORE POWDER AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

본 발명은 건축재료 기술분야에 속하는 것으로, 구체적으로 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재 및 제조방법과 응용에 관한 것이다.The present invention belongs to the technical field of building materials, and specifically relates to ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate, and a manufacturing method and application.

현재의 건축분야에서 판재는 주로 목질 판재와 플라스틱 판재를 포함하되, 목질 판재는 가공이 편리하고, 친환경적 등 특징이 있어, 보편적으로 실내 인테리어에 사용되지만, 목질 판재는 실외 사용에 불편한 바, 이는 실외에서 비를 맞게 되면, 사용수명이 줄어들고, 나무 구조 판재는 방화가 불가능하다. 또한 판재의 역학적 성능이 비교적 좋지 않다. In the current construction field, boards mainly include wood boards and plastic boards, but wood boards are convenient for processing and eco-friendly, and are generally used for indoor interiors, but wood boards are inconvenient for outdoor use. In rain, the service life is reduced, and wooden structural boards are not fireproof. In addition, the mechanical performance of the plate is relatively poor.

염화 마그네슘 6수화물은 비쇼파이트로도 불리우며 화학식은 MgCl2·6H2O이고, 분자량: 203. 3이다. 무색 결정체는 기둥형 또는 침상을 이루고, 쓴맛이 있다. 물과 에탄올에 쉽게 용해되어, 습도가 높을 때 쉽게 조해된다. 116~118℃에서 열용융 분해된다. Magnesium chloride hexahydrate is also called bishopfit and has the formula MgCl 2 .6H 2 O and molecular weight: 203.3. Colorless crystals form columnar or needle-like, with a bitter taste. Easily soluble in water and ethanol, easily soluble in high humidity. Hot melt decomposition at 116 ~ 118 ℃.

산화 마그네슘(화학식: MgO)은 마그네슘의 산화물로서, 이온 화합물 중의 하나이다. 이는 상온에서는 백색 고체이다. 산화 마그네슘은 페리클레이스 형식으로 자연계에 존재하는 것으로, 마그네슘을 제련하는 원료이다. Magnesium oxide (formula: MgO) is an oxide of magnesium and is one of ionic compounds. It is a white solid at room temperature. Magnesium oxide exists in nature in the form of pericles and is a raw material for smelting magnesium.

산화 마그네슘은 고내화 절연성능을 갖는다. 1000℃ 이상의 고온에서 하소되면 결정체로 변환가능하고, 1500~2000℃으로 승온되면 산화 마그네슘(즉 마그네시아)이 사소(dead burning)되거나 산화 마그네슘이 소결된다. Magnesium oxide has a high refractory insulation performance. When calcined at a high temperature of 1000 ° C. or higher, it can be converted into crystals. When heated to 1500 to 2000 ° C., magnesium oxide (that is, magnesia) is dead burned or magnesium oxide is sintered.

현재, 시중에서 주류적인 조립식 건축은 스틸 구조 조립식과 철근 콘크리트 조립식으로 분류되고, 스틸 구조 조립식에 주로 사용되는 재료는 강재인 바, 강재를 생산하면 환경에 매우 큰 영향을 끼치게 되고, 철근 콘크리트 조립식에 주로 사용되는 모래 시멘트는 더더욱 회수할 수 없는 재료로서, 건축 폐기물로 발생되는데, 국가에서 친환경을 대대적으로 제창하는 전제하에서, 이상의 두가지 방식은 모두 환경에 영향을 발생하고, 또한, 건설비용 방면에서 볼 때, 콘크리트 조립식은 비용이 너무 높고, 스틸 구조는 비록 콘크리트 비용보다는 낮지만, 각종 보온 등 보조재료 및 비싼 인건비를 놓고 볼 때, 전반적으로 비용은 여전히 낮지 않다.At present, the mainstream prefabricated construction on the market is classified into steel structure prefabricated steel and reinforced concrete prefabricated steel, and the material mainly used for steel structural prefabricated steel is bar steel, and the production of steel has a great impact on the environment. The sand cement used is a more irrecoverable material, which is generated as construction waste, and under the premise of encouraging eco-friendliness in the country, both of these methods affect the environment and also in terms of construction costs. However, the prefabricated concrete is too expensive, and the steel structure is lower than the concrete cost, but the overall cost is still not low in view of the auxiliary materials and expensive labor costs, such as thermal insulation.

본 발명은 기존의 판재 사용수명이 짧고, 역학적 성능이 좋지 않으며, 방화가 되지 않고 건축 원가가 높은 문제에 한하여, 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재 및 제조방법과 응용을 제공한다.The present invention provides an ore powder-bonded fiber composite sheet and a manufacturing method and application of the conventional plate material short life, poor mechanical performance, fire resistance and high building cost only.

본 발명에 사용되는 기술적 해결수단: Technical solutions used in the present invention:

광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재는, 하기의 질량분율의 조성성분인 염화 마그네슘 10-15%, 산화 마그네슘 21-25%, 식물 섬유사 4-8%, 목판 54-60%, 여분의 물을 포함한다.The ore powder-bonded fiber composite sheet contains 10-15% of magnesium chloride, 21-25% of magnesium oxide, 4-8% of plant fiber yarn, 54-60% of wooden board, and extra water as the composition components of the following mass fractions. .

바람직하게는, 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재는, 하기의 질량분율의 조성성분인 염화 마그네슘 12%, 산화 마그네슘 23%, 식물 섬유사 6%, 목판 58%, 여분의 물을 포함한다.Preferably, the ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate contains 12% of magnesium chloride, 23% of magnesium oxide, 6% of plant fiber yarn, 58% of wood board, and extra water, which are components of the following mass fractions.

상기 식물 섬유사의 길이는 50-60cm이고, 직경은 10-20μm이다. The length of the plant fiber is 50-60 cm, the diameter is 10-20 μm.

상기 목판의 두께는 1cm이다.The wooden board is 1 cm thick.

광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재의 제조방법은,The manufacturing method of the ore powder-bonded fiber composite sheet,

제 1 단계, 염화 마그네슘, 산화 마그네슘과 물을 혼합하고 균일하게 교반하여 혼합재료를 얻는 단계; A first step, mixing magnesium chloride, magnesium oxide and water and stirring them uniformly to obtain a mixed material;

제 2 단계, 혼합재료의 절반을 취하여, 몰드 저부에 균일하게 포장하여 혼합 재료층(Ⅰ)으로 하는 단계; A second step, taking half of the mixed material, uniformly packing the bottom of the mold to form the mixed material layer (I);

제 3 단계, 식물 섬유사의 절반을 취하여, 혼합 재료층(Ⅰ)에 균일하게 포장하여, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅰ)으로 하고, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅰ)을 미압하여, 이를 혼합 재료층(Ⅰ)과 충분히 결합하는 단계; In the third step, half of the plant fiber yarns are taken and uniformly packaged in the mixed material layer (I) to obtain the plant fiber yarn layer (I), and the plant fiber yarn layer (I) is pressed down, which is then mixed with the mixed material layer (I). Sufficient bonding;

제 4 단계, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅰ)에 목판을 포장하여, 목판층으로 하는 단계; A fourth step, packing wood board in the plant fiber yarn layer (I) to make a wood board layer;

제 5 단계, 목판층에 한층의 나머지 혼합재료를 재차 균일하게 포장하여, 혼합 재료층(Ⅱ)으로 하는 단계; In a fifth step, uniformly packing the remaining mixed material in the wooden board layer again to form a mixed material layer (II);

제 6 단계, 혼합 재료층(Ⅱ)에 나머지 식물 섬유사를 재차 균일하게 포장하여, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅱ)으로 하고, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅱ)을 미압하여, 이를 혼합 재료층(Ⅱ)과 충분히 결합하는 단계; In the sixth step, the remaining plant fiber yarns are uniformly packaged again in the mixed material layer (II) to obtain a plant fiber yarn layer (II), and the plant fiber yarn layer (II) is pressed to a sufficient extent with the mixed material layer (II). Combining;

제 7 단계, 포장완료후, 24h 동안 풍건하여, 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재를 얻는 단계를 포함한다. The seventh step, after completion of packaging, air-dried for 24h, to obtain an ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate.

광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재가 주택 조립에 있어서의 응용은, Application of ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate in house assembly,

순차적으로 기초 페이오프, 기초시공, 장착 저층 벽판, 장착 저층 바닥판, 점착 저층벽, 이층 페이오프, 장착 이층 벽판, 점착 이층 벽판과 저층 바닥판, 삼층 페이오프, 장착 삼층 벽판, 장착 지붕판, 본체가 전부 점착되는 공정에 따라 조립되는 단계를 포함한다.Sequentially foundation payoff, foundation construction, mounting low-layer wallboard, mounting low-layer floorboard, adhesive low-layer wall, double-layer payoff, mounting double-wall wall, adhesive double-wall wall and low-rise bottom plate, three-layer payoff, mounting three-layer wall plate, mounting roof plate, And assembling according to a process in which the main body is completely adhered.

상기 벽판은 상하 두층의 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재 및 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재 사이에 위치하고 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재를 이용하여 제조되는 여러개의 가로 가스켓과 세로 가스켓을 포함하고, 가로 가스켓과 세로 가스켓은 서로 수직된다. The wall plate includes a plurality of horizontal gaskets and vertical gaskets positioned between two ore upper and lower layers of the ore powder-bonding fiber composite plate and the ore powder-bonding fiber composite plate, and manufactured using the ore powder-bonding fiber composite plate. Perpendicular to each other.

상기 가로 가스켓과 세로 가스켓의 너비는 모두 12cm이고, 두께는 모두 4cm이다.The width of the transverse gasket and the longitudinal gasket are both 12 cm and the thickness is 4 cm.

본 발명에 있어서, 산화 마그네슘은 경질이면서 고강도이고, 방화 단열, 에너지 절약 친환경적인 우세를 갖고 있다. In the present invention, magnesium oxide is hard and high strength, and has the advantages of fire insulation and energy saving and environmentally friendly environment.

식물 섬유사는 인장강도가 높고, 연신율이 작으며, 탄성계수가 높고, 강성이 좋으며, 탄성 한도 내 연신율이 크고 인장강도가 높아, 충격 흡수 에너지가 크고, 불연 성능을 가지며, 내화학성이 좋고, 흡수성이 차하고, 절연성이 좋으며, 내고온, 항부식 능력이 좋은 특성을 구비한다. Plant fiber yarn has high tensile strength, small elongation, high elastic modulus, good stiffness, high elongation within elastic limit and high tensile strength, high impact absorption energy, non-flammable performance, good chemical resistance, absorbency It has the characteristics of good difference, good insulation, high temperature resistance and anticorrosion ability.

본 발명의 유리한 효과: Advantageous Effects of the Invention:

본 발명은 폐목판을 복합판의 지지부분으로 하고, 기타 재료를 목판의 표면과 간극 사이에 포장함으로써, 방화, 복합판의 휨, 압축을 증강하는 역학적 성능을 구현한다. 아울러, 본 발명의 복합판재를 이용하여 주택을 조립한다. The present invention implements a mechanical performance that enhances fire prevention, warpage and compression of the composite plate by using the waste wood plate as a supporting part of the composite plate and packaging other materials between the surface and the gap of the wooden plate. In addition, the housing is assembled using the composite plate of the present invention.

1. 본 발명에 사용되는 목판은 공사장에서 폐기되는 목판을 사용할 수있어, 절약 친환경 재활용의 목적을 달성할 수 있다. 1. The wooden board used in the present invention can use a wooden board discarded at the construction site, it can achieve the purpose of eco-friendly recycling.

2. 본 발명의 제조방법은 공정이 간단하다. 2. The production method of the present invention is a simple process.

3. 본 발명의 복합판 역학적 성능이 우수하고, 방화 성능이 우수하며, 방음 보온 효과가 좋다. 3. The composite plate of the present invention has excellent mechanical performance, excellent fire protection performance, sound insulation insulation effect is good.

4. 본 발명의 복합판은 주택의 조립에 응용되어, 사용요구를 충족시킬수 있을 뿐만아니라, 원가도 줄일 수 있으며, 또한 친환경적인 목표를 달성하였다. 4. The composite plate of the present invention can be applied to the assembly of houses, not only to meet the use requirements, but also to reduce costs and achieve environmentally friendly goals.

5. 본 발명의 복합 판재를 응용하여 주택을 조립하면, 장착 연결이 간편하고, 고정이 견고하고 안정적인 특징이 있다. 5. When the housing is assembled by applying the composite plate of the present invention, the mounting connection is simple, there is a fixed fastening and stable features.

6. 본 발명이 조립하는 주택은 철근, 시멘트, 벽돌, 기와, 보(beam), 기둥이 없고, 방수, 방화, 내진, 방충, 노화방지, 크랙 방지, 동결 방지를 구현한다.6. The housing of the present invention is free of reinforcing bars, cement, bricks, roof tiles, beams, pillars, and implements waterproofing, fireproofing, earthquake resistance, insect repellent, anti-aging, cracking, and freezing.

도 1은 본 발명의 벽판 구조 모식도이고;
도 2는 본 발명의 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재를 이용하여 주택을 조립하는 공정 흐름도이고;
도 3은 본 발명의 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재를 이용하여 주택을 조립하는 모식도이고;
여기서: 1-광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재; 2-가로 가스켓; 3-세로 가스켓; 4-가스켓층; 5-스트립형 기초; 6-기초 슬롯; 7-매립토; 8-접착 조인트; 9-경량형 구조 마루판; 10-엣지 밴딩판; 11-샛기둥; 12-격자판; 13-경량형 트러스; 14-마룻대보; 15-수직 지지대; 16-지붕 덮개판; 17-피복면 구조판.
1 is a schematic view of the wall board structure of the present invention;
2 is a process flowchart of assembling a house using the ore powder-bonded fiber composite sheet of the present invention;
3 is a schematic diagram of assembling a house using the ore powder-bonded fiber composite sheet of the present invention;
Wherein: 1-ore powder bonded fiber composite plate; Two-horizontal gaskets; Three-length gasket; 4-gasket layer; 5-strip foundation; 6-based slots; 7-landfill soil; 8-adhesive joint; 9-light structural floorboards; 10-edge banding plate; 11-pillars; 12-lattice plates; 13-light truss; 14-floor beam; 15-vertical support; 16-roof cover plate; 17-coated structural plate.

실시예 1Example 1

광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재는, 하기의 질량분율의 조성성분인 염화 마그네슘 10%, 산화 마그네슘 21%, 식물 섬유사 4%, 목판 54%, 여분의 물을 포함한다.The ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate contains 10% of magnesium chloride, 21% of magnesium oxide, 4% of plant fiber yarn, 54% of wood board, and extra water, which are components of the following mass fractions.

광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재의 제조방법은,The manufacturing method of the ore powder-bonded fiber composite sheet,

제 1 단계, 염화 마그네슘, 산화 마그네슘과 물을 혼합하고 균일하게 교반하여 혼합재료를 얻는 단계; A first step, mixing magnesium chloride, magnesium oxide and water and stirring them uniformly to obtain a mixed material;

제 2 단계, 혼합재료의 절반을 취하여, 몰드 저부에 균일하게 포장하여 혼합 재료층(Ⅰ)으로 하는 단계; A second step, taking half of the mixed material, uniformly packing the bottom of the mold to form the mixed material layer (I);

제 3 단계, 식물 섬유사의 절반을 취하여, 혼합 재료층(Ⅰ)에 균일하게 포장하여, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅰ)으로 하고, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅰ)을 미압하여, 이를 혼합 재료층(Ⅰ)과 충분히 결합하는 단계; In the third step, half of the plant fiber yarns are taken and uniformly packaged in the mixed material layer (I) to obtain a plant fiber yarn layer (I), and the plant fiber yarn layer (I) is pressed down, and this is mixed with the mixed material layer (I). Sufficient bonding;

제 4 단계, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅰ)에 목판을 포장하여, 목판층으로 하는 단계; A fourth step, packing wood board in the plant fiber yarn layer (I) to make a wood board layer;

제 5 단계, 목판층에 한층의 나머지 혼합재료를 재차 균일하게 포장하여, 혼합 재료층(Ⅱ)으로 하는 단계; In a fifth step, uniformly packing the remaining mixed material in the wooden board layer again to form a mixed material layer (II);

제 6 단계, 혼합 재료층(Ⅱ)에 나머지 식물 섬유사를 재차 균일하게 포장하여, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅱ)으로 하고, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅱ)을 미압하여, 이를 혼합 재료층(Ⅱ)과 충분히 결합하는 단계; In the sixth step, the remaining plant fiber yarns are uniformly packaged again in the mixed material layer (II) to obtain a plant fiber yarn layer (II), and the plant fiber yarn layer (II) is pressed to a sufficient extent with the mixed material layer (II). Combining;

제 7 단계, 포장완료후, 24h 동안 풍건하여, 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재를 얻는 단계를 포함한다. The seventh step, after completion of packaging, air-dried for 24h, to obtain an ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate.

광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재가 주택 조립에 있어서의 응용은, Application of ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate in house assembly,

순차적으로 기초 페이오프, 기초시공, 장착 저층 벽판, 장착 저층 바닥판, 점착 저층벽, 이층 페이오프, 장착 이층 벽판, 점착 이층 벽판과 저층 바닥판, 삼층 페이오프, 장착 삼층 벽판, 장착 지붕판, 본체가 전부 점착되는 공정에 따라 조립되는 단계를 포함한다.Sequentially foundation payoff, foundation construction, mounting low-rise wallboard, mounting low-rise floorboard, adhesive low-rise wall, double-layer payoff, mounting double-wall wall, adhesive double-wall and low-rise floorboard, three-layer payoff, mounting three-layer wallboard, mounting roofboard, And assembling according to a process in which the main body is completely adhered.

실시예 2Example 2

광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재는, 하기의 질량분율의 조성성분인 염화 마그네슘 12%, 산화 마그네슘 23%, 식물 섬유사 6%, 목판 58%, 여분의 물을 포함한다.The ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate contains 12% magnesium chloride, 23% magnesium oxide, 6% plant fiber yarn, 58% wood board, and extra water, which are components of the following mass fractions.

광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재의 제조방법은, The manufacturing method of the ore powder-bonded fiber composite sheet,

제 1 단계, 염화 마그네슘, 산화 마그네슘과 물을 혼합하고 균일하게 교반하여 혼합재료를 얻는 단계; First step, mixing magnesium chloride, magnesium oxide and water and stirring them uniformly to obtain a mixed material;

제 2 단계, 혼합재료의 절반을 취하여, 몰드 저부에 균일하게 포장하여 혼합 재료층(Ⅰ)으로 하는 단계; A second step, taking half of the mixed material, uniformly packing the bottom of the mold to form the mixed material layer (I);

제 3 단계, 식물 섬유사의 절반을 취하여, 혼합 재료층(Ⅰ)에 균일하게 포장하여, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅰ)으로 하고, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅰ)을 미압하여, 이를 혼합 재료층(Ⅰ)과 충분히 결합하는 단계; In the third step, half of the plant fiber yarns are taken and uniformly packaged in the mixed material layer (I) to obtain the plant fiber yarn layer (I), and the plant fiber yarn layer (I) is pressed down, which is then mixed with the mixed material layer (I). Sufficient bonding;

제 4 단계, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅰ)에 목판을 포장하여, 목판층으로 하는 단계; A fourth step, packing wood board in the plant fiber yarn layer (I) to make a wood board layer;

제 5 단계, 목판층에 한층의 나머지 혼합재료를 재차 균일하게 포장하여, 혼합 재료층(Ⅱ)으로 하는 단계; In a fifth step, uniformly packing the remaining mixed material in the wooden board layer again to form a mixed material layer (II);

제 6 단계, 혼합 재료층(Ⅱ)에 나머지 식물 섬유사를 재차 균일하게 포장하여, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅱ)으로 하고, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅱ)을 미압하여, 이를 혼합 재료층(Ⅱ)과 충분히 결합하는 단계; In the sixth step, the remaining plant fiber yarns are uniformly packaged again in the mixed material layer (II) to obtain a plant fiber yarn layer (II), and the plant fiber yarn layer (II) is pressed to a sufficient extent with the mixed material layer (II). Combining;

제 7 단계, 포장완료후, 24h 동안 풍건하여, 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재를 얻는 단계를 포함한다.The seventh step, after completion of packaging, air-dried for 24h, to obtain an ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate.

광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재가 주택 조립에 있어서의 응용은, Application of ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate in house assembly,

순차적으로 기초 페이오프, 기초시공, 장착 저층 벽판, 장착 저층 바닥판, 점착 저층벽, 이층 페이오프, 장착 이층 벽판, 점착 이층 벽판과 저층 바닥판, 삼층 페이오프, 장착 삼층 벽판, 장착 지붕판, 본체가 전부 점착되는 공정에 따라 조립되는 단계를 포함한다.Sequentially foundation payoff, foundation construction, mounting low-rise wallboard, mounting low-rise floorboard, adhesive low-rise wall, double-layer payoff, mounting double-wall wall, adhesive double-wall and low-rise floorboard, three-layer payoff, mounting three-layer wallboard, mounting roofboard, And assembling according to a process in which the main body is completely adhered.

테스트를 거쳐보면, 본 발명의 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재를 이용하여 조립되는 이층주택의 내진등급 ≥8급이고, 설계 사용연한은 50 년이고, 방화등급은 A1급(100mm 두께의 판재 내화 172min)이다.When tested, the seismic rating of the two-story house assembled using the ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate of the present invention, seismic grade ≥ 8, the design service life is 50 years, the fire rating is A1 (100mm thick plate fireproof 172min) to be.

광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재를 이용하여 제조되는 벽판의 휨 또는 압축등급은 Ⅱa이고, 벽판의 휨 파열 부하 QB3000×1500×160 판재: ≥10배 자중이고, 마루판의 휨 또는 압축등급은 Ⅲa, 11이고, 벽판 휨 파열 부하 QB3000×1500×160 판재: ≥12 배 자중이고, 마루판의 단면두께: 180mm, 벽판 단면 두께: 180mm, 무하중 100mm, 건축구조 안전등급: 2급, 구조 결합: GB/T 50708 규정에 부합하여, 결합 재료 입방체 압축강도: ≥27.5MPa, 판재 압축강도값: 벽판≥9.7MPa, 마루판≥10.1MPa, 단면 160mm 두께의 판재 열전도율: 1.986W/m2·K, 포름알데히드, TVOC, 라돈, 벤젠, 암모니아 검출: 합격, 공기 소리투과손실량: Rw(C; Ctr)=36.0(-0.1;-1.5)db, 버티는 힘: ≥1000N.The warpage or compression grade of the wallboard manufactured using the ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate is IIa, the flexural rupture load of the wallboard QB3000 × 1500 × 160 board: ≥10 times its own weight, and the warpage or compression grade of the floorboard is IIIa, 11 , Wall plate flexural rupture load QB3000 × 1500 × 160 Plate material: ≥12 times self-weight, floor plate section thickness: 180mm, wall plate section thickness: 180mm, no load 100mm, building structure safety class: Class 2, structural coupling: GB / T 50708 consistent with the requirements, the binding material cubic compressive strength: ≥27.5MPa, sheet compressive strength values: ≥9.7MPa wall plate, floor plate ≥10.1MPa, the thermal conductivity of the sheet cross section thickness of 160mm: 1.986W / m 2 · K, formaldehyde, TVOC, Radon, Benzene, Ammonia Detection: Pass, Air Sound Loss: Rw (C; Ctr) = 36.0 (-0.1; -1.5) db, Endurance: ≥1000N.

실시예 3Example 3

광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재는, 하기의 질량분율의 조성성분인 염화 마그네슘 15%, 산화 마그네슘 25%, 식물 섬유사 8%, 목판 60%, 여분의 물을 포함한다.The ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate contains 15% of magnesium chloride, 25% of magnesium oxide, 8% of plant fiber yarn, 60% of wood board, and extra water, which are components of the following mass fractions.

광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재의 제조방법은, The manufacturing method of the ore powder-bonded fiber composite sheet,

제 1 단계, 염화 마그네슘, 산화 마그네슘과 물을 혼합하고 균일하게 교반하여 혼합재료를 얻는 단계; A first step, mixing magnesium chloride, magnesium oxide and water and stirring them uniformly to obtain a mixed material;

제 2 단계, 혼합재료의 절반을 취하여, 몰드 저부에 균일하게 포장하여 혼합 재료층(Ⅰ)으로 하는 단계; A second step, taking half of the mixed material, uniformly packing the bottom of the mold to form the mixed material layer (I);

제 3 단계, 식물 섬유사의 절반을 취하여, 혼합 재료층(Ⅰ)에 균일하게 포장하여, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅰ)으로 하고, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅰ)을 미압하여, 이를 혼합 재료층(Ⅰ)과 충분히 결합하는 단계; In the third step, half of the plant fiber yarns are taken and uniformly packaged in the mixed material layer (I) to obtain the plant fiber yarn layer (I), and the plant fiber yarn layer (I) is pressed down, which is then mixed with the mixed material layer (I). Sufficient bonding;

제 4 단계, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅰ)에 목판을 포장하여, 목판층으로 하는 단계; A fourth step, packing wood board in the plant fiber yarn layer (I) to make a wood board layer;

제 5 단계, 목판층에 한층의 나머지 혼합재료를 재차 균일하게 포장하여, 혼합 재료층(Ⅱ)으로 하는 단계; In a fifth step, uniformly packing the remaining mixed material in the wooden board layer again to form a mixed material layer (II);

제 6 단계, 혼합 재료층(Ⅱ)에 나머지 식물 섬유사를 재차 균일하게 포장하여, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅱ)으로 하고, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅱ)을 미압하여, 이를 혼합 재료층(Ⅱ)과 충분히 결합하는 단계; In the sixth step, the remaining plant fiber yarns are uniformly packaged again in the mixed material layer (II) to obtain a plant fiber yarn layer (II), and the plant fiber yarn layer (II) is pressed to a sufficient extent with the mixed material layer (II). Combining;

제 7 단계, 포장완료후, 24h 동안 풍건하여, 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재를 얻는 단계를 포함한다. The seventh step, after completion of packaging, air-dried for 24h, to obtain an ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate.

광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재가 주택 조립에 있어서의 응용은, Application of ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate in house assembly,

순차적으로 기초 페이오프, 기초시공, 장착 저층 벽판, 장착 저층 바닥판, 점착 저층벽, 이층 페이오프, 장착 이층 벽판, 점착 이층 벽판과 저층 바닥판, 삼층 페이오프, 장착 삼층 벽판, 장착 지붕판, 본체가 전부 점착되는 공정에 따라 조립되는 단계를 포함한다.Sequentially foundation payoff, foundation construction, mounting low-rise wallboard, mounting low-rise floorboard, adhesive low-rise wall, double-layer payoff, mounting double-wall wall, adhesive double-wall and low-rise floorboard, three-layer payoff, mounting three-layer wallboard, mounting roofboard, And assembling according to a process in which the main body is completely adhered.

Claims (8)

하기의 질량분율의 조성성분인 염화 마그네슘 10-15%, 산화 마그네슘 21-25%, 식물 섬유사 4-8%, 목판 54-60%, 여분의 물을 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재.Ore powder binding fiber comprising 10-15% magnesium chloride, 21-25% magnesium oxide, 4-8% plant fiber, 54-60% wood board, and extra water Composite plates. 제 1 항에 있어서,
하기의 질량분율의 조성성분인 염화 마그네슘 12%, 산화 마그네슘 23%, 식물 섬유사 6%, 목판 58%, 여분의 물을 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재.
The method of claim 1,
An ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate comprising 12% magnesium chloride, 23% magnesium oxide, 6% plant fiber, 6% wood board, and extra water as a composition component of the following mass fraction.
제 1 항 또는 제 2 항에 있어서,
상기 식물 섬유사의 길이는 50-60cm이고, 직경은 10-20μm인 것을 특징으로 하는 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재.
The method according to claim 1 or 2,
The length of the plant fiber yarn is 50-60cm, the diameter of the ore powder bonded fiber composite plate, characterized in that 10-20μm.
제 1 항 또는 제 2 항에 있어서,
상기 목판의 두께는 1cm인 것을 특징으로 하는 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재.
The method according to claim 1 or 2,
The ore powder-bonded fiber composite sheet material, characterized in that the thickness of the wooden board 1cm.
제 1 단계, 염화 마그네슘, 산화 마그네슘과 물을 혼합하고 균일하게 교반하여 혼합재료를 얻는 단계;
제 2 단계, 혼합재료의 절반을 취하여, 몰드 저부에 균일하게 포장(pave)하여 혼합 재료층(Ⅰ)으로 하는 단계;
제 3 단계, 식물 섬유사의 절반을 취하여, 혼합 재료층(Ⅰ)에 균일하게 포장하여 식물 섬유사층(Ⅰ)으로 하고, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅰ)을 미압하여, 이를 혼합 재료층(Ⅰ)과 충분히 결합하는 단계;
제 4 단계, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅰ)에 목판을 포장하여, 목판층으로 하는 단계;
제 5 단계, 목판층에 한층의 나머지 혼합재료를 재차 균일하게 포장하여, 혼합 재료층(Ⅱ)으로 하는 단계;
제 6 단계, 혼합 재료층(Ⅱ)에 나머지 식물 섬유사를 재차 균일하게 포장하여, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅱ)으로 하고, 식물 섬유사층(Ⅱ)을 미압하여, 이를 혼합 재료층(Ⅱ)과 충분히 결합하는 단계;
제 7 단계, 포장완료후, 24h 동안 풍건하여, 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재를 얻는 단계를 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 제 1 항 또는 제 2 항에 따른 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재의 제조방법.
A first step, mixing magnesium chloride, magnesium oxide and water and stirring them uniformly to obtain a mixed material;
A second step, taking half of the mixed material, uniformly paving the bottom of the mold to form the mixed material layer (I);
In the third step, half of the plant fiber yarns are taken and uniformly packaged in the mixed material layer (I) to obtain the plant fiber yarn layer (I), and the plant fiber yarn layer (I) is pressed to a sufficient extent with the mixed material layer (I). Combining;
A fourth step, packing wood board in the plant fiber yarn layer (I) to make a wood board layer;
In a fifth step, uniformly packing the remaining mixed material in the wooden board layer again to form a mixed material layer (II);
In the sixth step, the remaining plant fiber yarns are uniformly packaged again in the mixed material layer (II) to obtain a plant fiber yarn layer (II), and the plant fiber yarn layer (II) is pressed to a sufficient extent with the mixed material layer (II). Combining;
7. The method of manufacturing the ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the step is air-dried for 24 h after the completion of packaging to obtain the ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate.
순차적으로 기초 페이오프, 기초시공, 장착 저층 벽판, 장착 저층 바닥판, 점착 저층벽, 이층 페이오프, 장착 이층 벽판, 점착 이층 벽판과 저층 바닥판, 삼층 페이오프, 장착 삼층 벽판, 장착 지붕판, 본체가 전부 점착되는 공정에 따라 조립되는 단계를 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 제 2 항에 따른 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재가 주택 조립에 있어서의 응용.Sequentially foundation payoff, foundation construction, mounting low-rise wallboard, mounting low-rise floorboard, adhesive low-rise wall, double-layer payoff, mounting double-wall wall, adhesive double-wall and low-rise floorboard, three-layer payoff, mounting three-layer wallboard, mounting roofboard, Application of the ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate according to claim 2, comprising the steps of assembling according to a process in which the main body is fully adhered. 제 6 항에 있어서,
상기 벽판은 상하 두층의 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재 및 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재 사이에 위치하고 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재를 이용하여 제조되는 여러개의 가로 가스켓과 세로 가스켓을 포함하고, 가로 가스켓과 세로 가스켓은 서로 수직되는 것을 특징으로 하는 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재가 주택 조립에 있어서의 응용.
The method of claim 6,
The wall plate includes a plurality of transverse gaskets and longitudinal gaskets, which are positioned between two layers of ore powder-bonded fiber composites and ore powder-bonded fiber composites, and manufactured using the ore powder-bonded fiber composites. Application of ore powder-bonded fiber composite sheet to house assembly, characterized in that they are perpendicular to each other.
제 7 항에 있어서,
상기 가로 가스켓과 세로 가스켓의 너비는 모두 12cm이고, 두께는 모두 4cm인 것을 특징으로 하는 광석분말 결합 섬유 복합판재가 주택 조립에 있어서의 응용.
The method of claim 7, wherein
The width of the horizontal gasket and the vertical gasket is 12cm, both the thickness is 4cm application of the ore powder-bonded fiber composite plate in the housing assembly.
KR1020190065328A 2018-08-29 2019-06-03 Fiber composite panel combined with ore powder and manufacturing method thereof KR20200026671A (en)

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