KR20170116207A - A plant tray - Google Patents

A plant tray Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20170116207A
KR20170116207A KR1020177027487A KR20177027487A KR20170116207A KR 20170116207 A KR20170116207 A KR 20170116207A KR 1020177027487 A KR1020177027487 A KR 1020177027487A KR 20177027487 A KR20177027487 A KR 20177027487A KR 20170116207 A KR20170116207 A KR 20170116207A
Authority
KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
fluid
plant tray
plant
tray
hollow
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020177027487A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
Inventor
티엠 유 얍
리앙 헹 죠니 웡
요 유안 앤드류 융
호크 셍 알랜 탄
핸 빈센트 림
Original Assignee
하우징 앤드 디벨로프먼트 보드
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to SG200904573 priority Critical
Priority to SG200904573-3 priority
Application filed by 하우징 앤드 디벨로프먼트 보드 filed Critical 하우징 앤드 디벨로프먼트 보드
Priority to PCT/SG2010/000151 priority patent/WO2011005216A1/en
Publication of KR20170116207A publication Critical patent/KR20170116207A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/005Reservoirs connected to flower-pots through conduits
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/006Reservoirs, separate from plant-pots, dispensing directly into rooting medium
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • A01G31/06Hydroponic culture on racks or in stacked containers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers

Abstract

According to the present invention there is provided a hollow body defined as one or more sidewalls and a bottom wall, the hollow body having an open top end and a closed bottom end; A fluid retaining section located in the hollow body and in which the plant roots can be housed and the fluid can be retained; And a fluid drain section located in the hollow body and in which fluid overflow can be drained, wherein the fluid holding section is arranged in such a manner that a fluid passage is formed to allow uniform fluid distribution within the fluid holding section There is provided a plant tray for landscaping adapted to contain a plurality of fluid retaining subdivisions disposed therein.

Description

Plant tray {A PLANT TRAY}

The present invention relates to a plant tray suitable for landscaping, particularly a plant tray suitable for vertical landscaping.

The background knowledge related to the present invention described below is intended to facilitate understanding of the present invention. It should be understood, however, that this does not acknowledge or permit that the documents referred to herein are disclosed, disclosed, or are part of the knowledge known in any country.

Urban heat island effect (UHIE) is a phenomenon in which urban temperatures are higher in suburban and rural areas. The UHIE is mainly due to an increase in the number of buildings built as a result of urbanization and economic growth, and this increasing number of buildings has replaced vegetation and trees that previously filled the urban area. In addition, human activity generates heat, which contributes to the increase of city temperature.

In an attempt to reduce the negative effects of UHIE, vegetation is grown on the rooftop (ie, green roof) to compensate for the replaced vegetation and tree losses. The vegetation acts to filter the greenhouse gases in the city, such as carbon dioxide and other toxins. It has been researched and proven that these green roofs help reduce the temperature around the roof and that heat transfer from that roof to the room beneath that roof is reduced. Reducing the ambient temperature and reducing heat transfer from the roof to the room beneath that roof can lead to a lower dependence on the air conditioner, thus reducing building energy consumption.

In a typical green roof system, plants are conveniently housed in interconnected individual plant trays to provide a larger green area. Although most of the plant trays are identified in a variety of different sizes and shapes, most of them (although not all) are constructed in a substantially similar manner, as a drainage means, a container having an orifice near the bottom end of the side wall of the plant tray (Conveniently boxed design). Excessive fluids, such as water, fertilizers, chemicals and other liquids, which have been deposited on the plant soil or plant substrate by the drainage means are accumulated in the plant tray and cause damage to the plant (i.e., plant decay, nutrient leaching, etc.) So that it can be drained away from the plant tray. Nevertheless, during periods of heavy rainfall or inadvertently supplying excess water to the plant, the excess fluid may carry soil, small gravel, particles, agglomerates or debris together to cause blockage of the drainage means . This causes the same configuration problem, whereby the orifice is provided first. On the other hand, during the absence of drought or regular water supply, no amount of water is retained in the plant tray because the excess water has already been drained ahead.

It is therefore desirable to provide a plant tray that overcomes, or at least mitigates, the above problem.

Throughout this specification, unless explicitly stated otherwise, the terms' comprising, '' consisting of, 'and the like are to be construed as non-exclusive and, in other words,' including, but not limited to.

According to the first aspect of the present invention,

A hollow body defined as one or more sidewalls and one bottom wall and having an open top end and a closed bottom end;

A fluid retaining section located in the hollow body and in which the plant roots can be housed and in which the fluid can be retained; And

- a fluid drainage compartment located in said hollow body and in which fluid overflow can be drained;

/ RTI >

Wherein the fluid holding section is adapted to contain a plurality of fluid holding sub-sections arranged in such a way that fluid passages are formed to allow uniform fluid distribution within the fluid holding section,

A plant tray for landscaping is provided.

The accompanying drawings are merely illustrative of embodiments of the invention.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a plant tray according to a first embodiment of the present invention; Fig.
Figure 2a shows the different layers located within the plant tray.
FIG. 2B shows a perspective view outside the plant tray of FIG. 1. FIG.
Figure 3a shows a top view of the plant tray of Figure 1;
FIG. 3B shows a perspective view of the bottom of the outside of the plant tray of FIG. 1. FIG.
Figures 4a-b show a perspective view of the plant tray of Figure 1 applied to a vertical landscape.
Figure 5 schematically illustrates the placement of a plant tray in a vertical landscape with fluid flow through the plant tray.

The present invention relates to a plant tray suitable for landscaping, particularly a plant tray suitable for use in vertical landscaping.

According to a first embodiment of the present invention illustrated in Fig. 1, a plant tray 1 for use in landscaping is provided. The plant tray (1) comprises a hollow body (2) having an open top end and a closed bottom end. The hollow body 2 is defined by four side walls 3a-d and a bottom wall 4 in a rectangular box. Although a convenient open, normal boxed plant tray has been described herein, the plant tray may be formed in other forms, such as an open normal cylinder in which the hollow body 2 is defined as one sidewall 3 and a bottom wall 4 It should be understood that

The plant root can be housed, and a fluid holding section 5, in which fluids such as water, fertilizers and chemicals can be retained, is located in the hollow body 2. [ Conveniently, the fluid retaining section 5 is defined by the side walls 3a-d and the bottom wall 4 of the hollow body 2. Alternatively, the fluid holding section 5 may be formed of an individual workpiece having sidewalls and bottom walls, and may be fitted into the hollow body.

The fluid holding section (5) contains a plurality of fluid holding lower sections (6) arranged in the fluid holding section (5). The fluid holding lower section 6 can be formed by dividing the fluid holding section 5 into smaller areas by panel walls 7 or ribs. The fluid holding sub-section (6) is arranged in such a way that fluid passages are formed such that a uniform fluid distribution is allowed in its fluid holding sub-section (6). This is accomplished by allowing fluid to flow freely from the first fluid holding sub-compartment 6 to the second fluid retaining sub-structure to form an open fluid holding sub-compartment 6 having the same fluid level in each of the fluid retaining sub-compartments 6 I could. Preferably, one end of the panel wall 7 extends from one of the side walls 3a-d and is abruptly stopped so that the closed area is not formed. Preferably, the panel walls 7 are arranged in an interlocking manner as shown in Fig.

A fluid drainage compartment (8) through which the fluid overflow can be drained is located in said hollow body (2). The fluid drainage compartment 8 has an open top end and is defined as four side walls 9a-d and a bottom wall 10. Fluid overflow occurs when the fluid level in the fluid holding section (5) is higher than the height of the side walls (9a-d) of the fluid drain section (8). An orifice 11 for draining excess fluid is located in the bottom wall 10 in the area surrounded by the four side walls 9a-d of the fluid drainage compartment 8. Preferably, the bottom wall 10 is tilted downwardly from the top end of the side walls 9a-d toward the orifice 11 so that excess fluid flows through the orifice 11, Is drained from the drainage section (8), and thereby drained from the plant tray (1). For example the bottom wall 10 may be positioned above the orifice 11 or at a position below the top end of the side wall 9a-d, To d) toward the orifice (11), excess fluid is drained by gravity. Typically, the orifice 11 is centrally located in the area surrounded by the four side walls 9a-d of the fluid drainage compartment 8. The orifices 11 may also be located proximate and offset from the side walls 9a-d. Advantageously, one or more orifices 11 can be provided, so that (i) excess fluid drains more quickly, especially during the rainy season, and (ii) when one of the orifices 11 is expected to be blocked, Of the fluid can still be drained through the remaining orifice (11). Although a convenient, open, normal, boxed fluid drainage section 8 is described herein, the fluid drainage section 8 may be formed of another type, such as an inverted open normal cone, Is located at the apex of the inverted conical fluid drainage compartment (8).

In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 1, the fluid drainage compartment 8 is typically centrally located within the fluid storage compartment 5. The fluid drainage compartment 8 may also be centrally located within the fluid storage compartment 5. Preferably, the fluid drainage compartment 8 is located in the fluid storage compartment 5 and the passage for the fluid around the fluid drainage compartment 8 is such that the fluid level in the fluid storage compartment 5 is equal Is formed in such a manner that it can freely flow in the fluid holding section (5). In another embodiment, the fluid drainage compartment 8 is located within the hollow body 2 but may be located outside the fluid storage compartment 5. For example, the fluid drainage compartment 8 is located adjacent one or more but not all of the side walls 3a-d of the hollow body 2, and the adjacent side walls 3a-d The side walls 9a to 9d of the fluid drainage section 8 can be formed.

Alternatively, the measuring means 16 is provided in the fluid holding section 5 to measure the level of the fluid held in the fluid holding section 5. The measuring means may be inserted into a slot provided in the fluid holding section (5) to receive the tube therein. An advantage of providing the means for measuring the maintained fluid level is that the maintenance worker can know if there is fluid retained in the plant tray 1. Thereby, the maintenance worker can know whether the fluid should be added to the plant tray 1 or how much fluid should be added.

The plant tray 1 is designed to house different layers, such as a grille, a filter and a plant substrate, as illustrated in FIG. 2A. In the plant tray (1), a grill is preferentially located at the top of the fluid holding section (5) and the fluid drain section (8). Next, after the filter is positioned at the top of the grill, the plant substrate is placed on top of the filter. A perforated irrigation pipe, or a pipe, commonly known as an irrigation drip line, is then located on top of the substrate. Holes (not shown) are provided in opposite sidewalls 3a-d to receive the passage of the irrigation drip line. In this design, the height of the side walls 3a to d is formed to be higher than the height of the substrate. In the case of a heavy rainfall in which a large amount of rainwater suddenly flows in succession, the fluid holding section 8 may not have time to drain excess rainwater. Due to backpressure, the substrate may overflow and cause back-splashing. Thus, this design provides the advantage that the side walls 3a-d are large enough to prevent over-flow of the substrate in the event of heavy rain. 2B, the side walls 3a to 3d of the fluid retaining section 5 have a tier layer to improve the rigidity of the side walls 3a to 3d, Filter and substrate from the corners of the grids 3a-d. Another advantage of providing a tiered layered plant tray 1 is the ability to stack or stack the unused tray 1 in a vertical manner to save storage space. The grill is subjected to the highest load because it is the lowest layer supporting the filter and the substrate with the plant. Therefore, in order to distribute the load by the upper layer, preferably, the panel wall 7 of the fluid holding section 5, and more preferably the side walls 9a to 9d of the fluid drain section 8, Are formed at the same height as the edges of the side walls 3a to 3d of the lowest tier layer supporting the grille.

Fig. 3A shows a plan view of the plant tray 1 illustrated in Fig. Flanges 13a to 13d are provided at the tips of the side walls 3a to d of the hollow body 2 for easy handling and transportation of the plant tray 1. [ It should be understood that while the flanges 13a-d are illustrated as being provided on each of the side walls 3a-d, the flanges may instead be provided on two opposite side walls. A groove 4 may be provided on the lower side of the flange 13a to provide a better grip so as to further enhance ease of handling and transport of the plant tray 1. [ have. As shown in FIG. 3B, the groove 14 preferably has a C-shaped cut in it to provide a comfortable grip. The groove 14 may also have a cut formed in another configuration, such as a V-cut (not shown), to provide a comfortable grip. Advantageously, the plant tray 1 has a built-in outlet pipe socket 20 coinciding with the orifice 11 on the lower side of the bottom of the plant tray, and a pipe 15 is connected to the orifice 11, Is designed to facilitate and direct the flow of the drained fluid from the plant tray (1) by being removably vertically inserted into the bottom side of the plant tray bottom through the opening. As mentioned in the preceding paragraph, the plant trays 1 can be stacked together in a vertical direction when not in use, and the pipes 15 are designed to be detachable from the plant tray 1.

Fig. 4A shows two plant trays 1 arranged side by side. In order to firmly fix the plant tray 1, holes are provided in the flanges 13a-d. In a preferred embodiment, in a line connecting the two plant trays, a flange on one side of the first plant tray overlaps with a flange on both sides of the flange on one side of the second plant tray. The flanges of the plant trays overlapping each other can be designed in such a way that the flanges of the first plant tray are positioned higher than the flanges of the second plant tray while maintaining the overall height of the plant tray. A fixing means such as a screw or a nut is inserted through the hole to fix the plant tray 1 firmly. In a vertical landscape where the plant tray 1 is located in a support structure mountable on a building facade as shown in Figures 4a-d, the plant tray is fixed in place along the flange of the plant tray A hole is provided in a flat bar of the support structure, and the hole coincides with the hole provided in the flange. In addition to flat bars, for example, an angle bar may be used to secure the plant tray in place. Fixing means such as bolts and nuts are inserted into the holes to firmly fix the plant tray 1 and the flat bars. Alternatively, as illustrated in Figure 4d, a mesh may be provided on the plant tray 1 to provide and facilitate the support for the growth of the vine plants. An advantage of the design of the integrated support structure with the mesh and the plant trays is that the integrated structure can be modular and also allow for pre-position propagation of vine plants. In this way, the modular integrated structure can be transported to the field and simply mounted on the building façade to achieve immediate greening.

Figure 5 schematically shows the arrangement of a plant tray in a vertical landscape where fluid flows through the plant tray. In this example, water is supplied through the irrigation pipe from the top of the plant tray. Excess water is drained from the bottom of the plant tray through the pipe (15) inserted in the orifice (11). A pipe 15 at the bottom of the plant tray is connected through a discharge line to collect and discharge excess water from the system. Excess water discharged from the system can be stored in a water storage tank (not shown) and reused again. For example, water supplied through the irrigation pipe from the top of the plant tray may originate from the effluent stored in the water storage tank, thereby reducing dependence on the fresh water supply. Many existing buildings have rainwater vertical troughs in place to drain excess rainwater from the building. The system described above is particularly beneficial when the discharge line is preferably formed in existing rainwater vertical troughs so that more water can be stored in the water storage tank to further reduce dependence on fresh water supply. In addition, the plant tray 1 can be used as a filtration system for unwanted particles that are inevitably collected by rainwater on the building roof.

The aforementioned plant trays provide the possibility of vertical drainage of excess fluid, suitable for vertical landscaping. The plant tray can be located on a flat surface and excess fluid can be easily drained by gravity without additional mechanical means. The panel wall of the fluid holding section is designed so that a uniform fluid level can be maintained by allowing free circulation of fluid in the fluid holding section. At the same time, the built-in fluid retention compartment is provided in the plant tray to maintain the fluid for later use, especially during low fluid supply periods, so that the plant tray is unique and suitable for vertical landscaping. The depth of the plant tray in this design may also be further deeper to enable the growth of the vine, which generally requires a deeper substrate. In addition, the plant tray could be designed to have a narrower width to reduce the area required for mounting and to reduce material waste for the plant tray.

It should be understood and appreciated that the use of the aforementioned plant trays is not limited to vertical landscaping. For example, the plant tray may be connected in series and horizontally and used for hybrid videography, such as growing a shrub on a building roof or along a path. In such an environment, an orifice (not shown) may be provided near the bottom wall 4 on at least one of the side walls 3a to d of the hollow body 2 of the plant tray 1. Preferably, the orifice is provided at a height slightly higher than the fluid holding section (5). A connecting pipe (not shown) is inserted into an orifice located in the side walls 3a-d to connect the plant tray in a horizontal arrangement. The orifice 11 located in the bottom wall 4 can be sealed, for example, with a rubber stopper. If one of the plant trays receives a sudden inflow of a large amount of rainwater, the excess rainwater can be redistributed through the connecting pipe to a neighboring vegetable tray so that excess rainwater drainage can be leveled.

While the invention has been described by way of example and in terms of one or more embodiments, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments, but, on the contrary, is intended to cover various modifications and equivalent arrangements included within the spirit and scope of the appended claims. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications and variations are possible.

Claims (14)

  1. A hollow body defined as one or more sidewalls and a bottom wall and having an open top end and a closed bottom end;
    Wherein the individual workpiece is positioned within the hollow body and is formed by an individual workpiece having a plurality of sidewalls and a bottom wall, wherein the plant roots can be housed, the fluid can be retained, A fluid retaining section adapted to receive the fluid; And
    A fluid located in the hollow body and capable of draining overflow of the fluid and comprising an open top and defining at least one sidewall and a bottom wall and further comprising at least one orifice located at the bottom wall; Drainage compartment
    / RTI >
    The fluid holding section includes a plurality of fluid holding sub-sections arranged in such a manner that fluid passages are formed to allow uniform fluid distribution within the fluid holding section,
    Wherein the plurality of fluid retention subdivisions are defined by a plurality of panel walls each extending from one of the sidewalls and each abruptly ceasing to form a closed area,
    The panel walls being adapted to be disposed in an interdigitated manner,
    Plant trays for landscaping.
  2. The plant tray according to claim 1, wherein the hollow body is defined as four side walls and one bottom wall to form a rectangular box.
  3. 2. The plant tray of claim 1, wherein the orifice is positioned in the center of the area surrounded by the at least one sidewall.
  4. The vegetation tray according to claim 1, further comprising a pipe socket for receiving a drain pipe, the pipe socket being located on the bottom side of the bottom wall of the fluid drainage section and coinciding with the orifice.
  5. 2. The plant tray of claim 1, wherein the bottom wall is inclined downwardly from the at least one sidewall toward the orifice at a height higher than the orifice but lower than a top end of the sidewall.
  6. The vegetation tray according to claim 1, wherein the bottom wall is inclined downward from the tip end of the at least one side wall toward the orifice.
  7. The plant tray according to claim 1, wherein the fluid drainage compartment is adapted to be located in the fluid storage compartment.
  8. The plant tray according to claim 1, wherein the fluid drainage section is located on the outer side of the fluid holding section, and is positioned adjacent to a side wall that is not one or more than the hollow sidewalls.
  9. The plant tray according to claim 1, further comprising measuring means in the fluid holding section.
  10. The plant tray according to claim 9, wherein the fluid holding section further comprises a slot for receiving the measuring means.
  11. 2. The plant tray of claim 1, wherein the sidewall of the fluid retention compartment is configured to provide a tier layer.
  12. The plant tray according to claim 1, further comprising a flange located on a sidewall of the hollow body.
  13. 13. The plant tray of claim 12, further comprising a groove located on a lower side of the flange.
  14. 13. A plant tray according to claim 12, characterized in that the flange is provided with a hole for receiving the fastening means.

KR1020177027487A 2009-07-06 2010-04-14 A plant tray KR20170116207A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SG200904573 2009-07-06
SG200904573-3 2009-07-06
PCT/SG2010/000151 WO2011005216A1 (en) 2009-07-06 2010-04-14 A plant tray

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
KR20170116207A true KR20170116207A (en) 2017-10-18

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KR1020117031323A KR101963203B1 (en) 2009-07-06 2010-04-14 A plant tray
KR1020177027487A KR20170116207A (en) 2009-07-06 2010-04-14 A plant tray

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
KR1020117031323A KR101963203B1 (en) 2009-07-06 2010-04-14 A plant tray

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KR (2) KR101963203B1 (en)
CN (1) CN102548389B (en)
HK (1) HK1172273A1 (en)
MY (1) MY161211A (en)
WO (1) WO2011005216A1 (en)

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MY161211A (en) 2017-04-14
CN102548389A (en) 2012-07-04
KR20120100711A (en) 2012-09-12
HK1172273A1 (en) 2013-04-19
WO2011005216A1 (en) 2011-01-13
KR101963203B1 (en) 2019-03-29
CN102548389B (en) 2015-07-22

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