KR20170062941A - Ceramic firing method using the cinnabar glaze composition - Google Patents

Ceramic firing method using the cinnabar glaze composition Download PDF

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KR20170062941A
KR20170062941A KR1020150168756A KR20150168756A KR20170062941A KR 20170062941 A KR20170062941 A KR 20170062941A KR 1020150168756 A KR1020150168756 A KR 1020150168756A KR 20150168756 A KR20150168756 A KR 20150168756A KR 20170062941 A KR20170062941 A KR 20170062941A
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weight
parts
ceramics
glaze
firing
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KR1020150168756A
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Korean (ko)
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KR101893606B1 (en
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홍유정
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홍유정
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/85Coating or impregnation with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/86Glazes; Cold glazes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/24Manufacture of porcelain or white ware
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/85Coating or impregnation with inorganic materials

Abstract

The present invention relates to a ceramics baking method using a glaze glaze composition which exhibits a blue color together with red color. The composition comprises a preliminary process (S10) of forming a baked pottery at a temperature of 800 to 900 ° C by first baking and forming it into a substrate; 25 to 29 parts by weight of feldspar, 15 to 18 parts by weight of limestone, 20 to 25 parts by weight of zircon, 1 to 5 parts by weight of zeolite, 10 to 25 parts by weight of zinc, 9 to 13 parts by weight of barium, 0.5 to 0.9 part by weight of copper (S20) of applying a crude glaze composition comprising 1 to 2 parts by weight of lithium, 2 to 4 parts by weight of zircon, 3 to 5 parts by weight of titanium and 2 to 4 parts by weight of clay to the surface of the substrate, A first sintering process (S30) in which a reducing atmosphere and an oxidizing atmosphere are alternately formed and fired in a state of 1150 to 1160 DEG C so that crystals are formed together with the red and blue colors on the surface of the first sintering process When complete, the neutral quartile And a second firing step (S40) in which the fired product is fired in a machine for 4 hours to form a finished product as a ceramics.
The present invention proposes a glaze glaze and firing method capable of expressing a blue color together with red color in a ceramic through alternate firing processes in which a reducing atmosphere and an oxidizing atmosphere are alternately formed, .
In addition, it is possible to increase the sense of depth of the ceramics through the crystals formed on the surface of the ceramics during the firing process, thereby further improving the cosmetic appearance of the ceramics.

Description

TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a glaze glaze composition which exhibits a blue color together with red color, and a ceramics firing method using the composition,

The present invention relates to a crude glaze composition and a method of firing the same using the composition, and more particularly, to a glaze glaze capable of exhibiting a red color with a red color in ceramics through a firing process in which a reducing atmosphere and an oxidizing atmosphere are alternately formed, The present invention relates to a glaze glaze composition capable of forming a beautifully finished pottery through a firing process by proposing a firing method and a method of firing a pottery using the composition.

In general, glaze for ceramics is a thin glass layer which is painted on the surface of ceramics and fused to the surface to be polished. The glaze reduces the water absorption of ceramics, suppresses the permeability, gives strength to ceramics, and the gloss that is displayed on the surface of ceramics makes the viewer feel visual aesthetics. The glaze, which is painted on the surface of ceramics like this and fleshed by firing, is generally composed mainly of feldspar, limestone, silica, and clay, and a small amount of pigment is added thereto. Glazes include white oil, blue oil, chrysanthemum oil, transparent oil, rey oil, sunflower oil, crystalline oil, and oil.

Among these glazes, the glaze glaze which expresses red is produced by adding a copper component as a pigment to a transparent glaze containing feldspar, limestone and silica as a main component and firing it in a reducing atmosphere.

However, as described above, when only red color is formed on ceramics through the glaze glaze, the ceramics are somewhat aesthetically pleasing.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made in order to solve all of the above problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a glaze glaze and a firing method capable of expressing a blue color with a red color on a ceramic through a firing process in which a reducing atmosphere and an oxidizing atmosphere are alternately formed A glaze glaze composition which exhibits a blue color together with a red color which can be formed to be aesthetically pleasing, and a method of firing ceramics using the composition.

Furthermore, a ginseng glaze composition which exhibits a blue color with red which can enhance the sensibility of the ceramics by enhancing the dimensional sensation of the ceramics through the crystals formed on the surface of the ceramics during the firing process, and a ceramics firing method using the composition .

In order to achieve the above object, the glaze glaze composition which exhibits a blue color with red color according to an embodiment of the present invention comprises 25 to 29 parts by weight of feldspar, 15 to 18 parts by weight of limestone, 20 to 25 parts by weight of zircon, To 5 parts by weight of copper, 0.5 to 0.9 parts by weight of copper, 9 to 13 parts by weight of barium, 1 to 2 parts by weight of lithium, 2 to 4 parts by weight of zircon, 3 to 5 parts by weight of titanium and 2 to 4 parts by weight of clay .

Further, 10 to 25 parts by weight of zinc is further added to the crude glaze composition which develops a blue color together with the red color.

In order to accomplish the above object, the present invention provides a method of firing a ceramic glaze using a glaze composition having a red color and exhibiting a blue color, comprising the steps of: (1) baking a dough- (10), 25 to 29 parts by weight of feldspar, 15 to 18 parts by weight of limestone, 20 to 25 parts by weight of zircon, 1 to 5 parts by weight of zeolite, 10 to 25 parts by weight of zinc, 0.5 to 0.9 part by weight of copper, A coating process (S20) of applying a crude glaze composition comprising 9 to 13 parts by weight of barium, 1 to 2 parts by weight of lithium, 2 to 4 parts by weight of zircon, 3 to 5 parts by weight of titanium and 2 to 4 parts by weight of clay A first sintering step (S30) for forming a reducing atmosphere and an oxidizing atmosphere alternately at a temperature of 1150 to 1160 DEG C so as to form crystals together with the red and blue colors on the surface of the substrate, The primary sintering If the information (S30) is completed, a secondary sintering process (S40) for 4 hours to sintering in a neutral atmosphere to form the ceramic articles; characterized by comprising a.

Further, the first firing step (S30) is performed in a reducing atmosphere, wherein an oxidizing atmosphere is formed at least twice in the middle, and the oxidizing atmosphere is maintained for 5 to 10 minutes.

As described above, according to the glaze glaze composition of the present invention which exhibits a red color with red color and the ceramics firing method using the composition, it is possible to obtain a blue glaze composition with a red color in a ceramics by alternately forming a reducing atmosphere and an oxidizing atmosphere The present invention has the effect of forming a beautifully finished pottery through the firing process.

In addition, it is possible to increase the sense of depth of the ceramics through the crystals formed on the surface of the ceramics during the firing process, thereby further improving the cosmetic appearance of the ceramics.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a method for firing ceramics using a glazed glaze composition expressing blue with red according to an embodiment of the present invention
FIG. 2 is a photograph of a ceramics fired by a ceramics firing method using a glaze glaze composition that exhibits a blue color together with the red color shown in FIG. 1

A ginnery glaze composition for expressing blue with red according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention and a ceramics baking method using the composition will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. Detailed descriptions of well-known functions and constructions that may be unnecessarily obscured by the gist of the present invention will be omitted.

FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 illustrate a glazed glaze composition for expressing blue with red according to an embodiment of the present invention, and a method of firing a pottery using the composition. FIG. 1 is a cross- FIG. 2 is a photograph of a ceramic fired by a ceramic firing method using a glaze composition which exhibits a blue color together with the red color shown in FIG. 1 Respectively.

The glaze glaze composition according to the embodiment of the present invention exhibits a blue color with red color is composed of 25 to 29 parts by weight of feldspar, 15 to 18 parts by weight of limestone, 20 to 25 parts by weight of zeolite, 1 to 5 parts by weight of gypsum, 0.9 to 13 parts by weight of barium, 1 to 2 parts by weight of lithium, 2 to 4 parts by weight of zircon, 3 to 5 parts by weight of titanium and 2 to 4 parts by weight of clay are mixed.

When the feldspar is added in an amount of less than 25 parts by weight, it is difficult to express the color of the ceramics, and when the feldspar is added in an amount of more than 29 parts by weight, Color expression is not uniformly formed,

The limestone imparts luster and flexibility of ceramics. If less than 15 parts by weight of the limestone is added, the gloss and flexibility of the ceramics are low, and even when added in an amount exceeding 18 parts by weight, the gloss is not greatly increased,

If the amount of the silica added is less than 20 parts by weight, the glaze glaze may flow down during the firing process. If the amount is more than 25 parts by weight, the glaze glaze may not melt.

When the above-mentioned corn meal is added in an amount of more than 5 parts by weight as a milk whitening agent, the gloss of the ceramics is lowered or the glaze is less melted.

That is, the feldspar, the silica, the limestone, and the granule are preferably used together in the same weight range.

When the coloration of copper (Cu) is largely divided, it becomes blue to green in oxidative firing, and becomes red in the case of reduction firing. This is because when copper (Cu) is present as a divalent ion in the ginseng glaze, it develops blue to green, and when copper (Cu) is dispersed in a colloidal state, it develops red color.

Therefore, the glaze glaze can control the color expressed in the ceramics through the firing process.

If the amount of the barium is less than 9 parts by weight, the melting point of the ceramics is lowered and the crystal is not formed. . 9 to 13 parts by weight.

The lid and zircon have a low transparency so that the hue can be clearly expressed. The titanium forms crystals like the barium. The clay adjusts the slip viscosity of the gypsum glaze so that the glaze glaze adheres well to the surface of the ceramics .

When zinc is contained in an amount of more than 25 parts by weight, the crystal is not sufficiently dissolved. When the amount of zinc is less than 10 parts by weight, It is preferable to add 10 to 25 parts by weight.

A ceramics firing method for forming crystals having a three-dimensional effect together with red and blue colors on ceramics using the glaze glaze composition that expresses blue with red as described above will be described.

First, as shown in FIG. 1, a dough-molded ceramic is first baked at 800 to 900 ° C. to form a base.

The first firing process is a conventional firing process for forming ceramics, and a detailed description thereof will be omitted. (S10)

Then, as shown in Fig. 1, 25 to 29 parts by weight of feldspar, 15 to 18 parts by weight of limestone, 20 to 25 parts by weight of zircon, 1 to 5 parts by weight of zeolite, 10 to 25 parts by weight of zinc, 0.5 to 0.9 parts by weight of copper, 1 to 2 parts by weight of lithium, 2 to 4 parts by weight of zircon, 3 to 5 parts by weight of titanium and 2 to 4 parts by weight of clay are coated on the surface of the substrate . (S20)

Here, since the compositions have been described in detail above, a description thereof will be omitted.

Then, as shown in FIG. 3, a reducing atmosphere and an oxidizing atmosphere are alternately formed and fired in the state of 1150 to 1160 ° C so that crystals are formed together with the red and blue colors on the surface of the substrate. In detail,

First, firing is started in a state where the firing temperature is elevated to 1150 to 1160 ° C. When the firing temperature is less than 1150 ° C., the firing temperature is low and the red color is not formed on the surface of the ceramic. The red color is not uniformly expressed on the surface of the ceramics, so that the firing is performed in the range of 1150 to 1160 ° C as described above.

Here, when copper is fired in a reducing atmosphere, red is expressed, and since the blue and green firing in an oxidizing atmosphere are expressed, the first firing is performed in a reducing atmosphere for about one hour or more to induce the red color to appear on the surface of the ceramic.

Then, air is supplied to rapidly form a reducing atmosphere and firing is performed for about 5 to 10 minutes. At this time, zinc, lithium, zircon, and titanium are oxidized and blue color appears on the surface of the ceramic.

Here, when the firing of the oxidizing atmosphere is less than 5 minutes, the blue color is not expressed. When the firing time of the oxidizing atmosphere is more than 10 minutes, the red color expressed by the copper may be denatured. Name is preferred.

Then, calcination is performed again in a reducing atmosphere. In this calcination process, an oxidizing atmosphere is formed at least once to induce blue coloration on the surface of the ceramics.

On the other hand, in the firing process, a crystal form is formed while melting zinc, barium and titanium, and a crystal is formed on the surface of the ceramic. (S30)

After the first sintering process (S30) is completed as described above, the sintering is performed in a neutral atmosphere for 4 hours as shown in FIG. 4 to complete the ceramics having red, blue, and crystals. (S40)

While the present invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to exemplary embodiments thereof, it is clearly understood that the same is by way of illustration and example only and is not to be construed as limiting the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. You will understand the point. It goes without saying that variations can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the present invention. Accordingly, the scope of claim of the present invention is not limited within the scope of the detailed description, but will be defined by the following claims and technical ideas thereof.

S10. First Course
S20. Application process
S30. First firing process
S40. Second firing process
100. Ceramic baking method using ginseng glaze composition which expresses blue with red

Claims (4)

25 to 29 parts by weight of feldspar, 15 to 18 parts by weight of limestone, 20 to 25 parts by weight of zircon, 1 to 5 parts by weight of ferrite, 0.5 to 0.9 part by weight of copper, 9 to 13 parts by weight of barium, 1 to 2 parts by weight of lithium, 2 to 4 parts by weight, titanium 3 to 5 parts by weight, and clay 2 to 4 parts by weight.
The method according to claim 1,
And 10 to 25 parts by weight of zinc is further added to the glaze glaze composition which develops blue color together with the red color to develop a blue color together with red color.
(S10) a first step of firing the dough-molded ceramic at a temperature of 800 to 900 占 폚 to form a base;
25 to 29 parts by weight of feldspar, 15 to 18 parts by weight of limestone, 20 to 25 parts by weight of zircon, 1 to 5 parts by weight of zeolite, 10 to 25 parts by weight of zinc, 0.5 to 0.9 part by weight of copper, 9 to 13 parts by weight of barium, 1 to 2 parts by weight of zircon, 2 to 4 parts by weight of zircon, 3 to 5 parts by weight of titanium and 2 to 4 parts by weight of clay on the surface of the substrate;
A first sintering step (S30) in which a reducing atmosphere and an oxidizing atmosphere are alternately formed and fired at a temperature of 1150 to 1160 DEG C so that crystals are formed together with the red and blue colors on the surface of the substrate; And
And a second firing step (S40) of firing in a neutral atmosphere for 4 hours to form a finished product (S40) after the first firing step (S30) is completed. Method of using ceramics.
The method of claim 3,
Wherein the first firing step (S30) is performed in a reducing atmosphere, wherein an oxidizing atmosphere is formed at least twice in the middle, and the oxidizing atmosphere is maintained for 5 to 10 minutes. Method of ceramics baking using glaze composition.
KR1020150168756A 2015-11-30 2015-11-30 Ceramic firing method using the cinnabar glaze composition KR101893606B1 (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR102067456B1 (en) * 2019-04-30 2020-01-17 김용득 Arrangement Method for Manufacturing Vaobian Pottery
KR20200016575A (en) * 2018-08-07 2020-02-17 최중열 Hibiscus syriacus Ceramic Ware manufacturing method and Hibiscus syriacus craft manufacturing method using this Hibiscus syriacus Ceramic Ware
KR102358079B1 (en) * 2021-07-26 2022-02-08 문한조 A manufacturing method for pottery having a red colour background with various size and type spotted pattern formed
KR102358086B1 (en) * 2021-07-26 2022-02-08 문한조 A manufacturing method of pottery having a red colour background with jade green colour stone wall pattern formed
KR102358085B1 (en) * 2021-07-26 2022-02-08 문한조 A manufacturing method for pottery having a red colour background with cloud pattern formed
KR102358083B1 (en) * 2021-07-26 2022-02-08 문한조 A manufacturing method for pottery having a yellow colour background with seeweed pattern formed

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100926645B1 (en) * 2007-02-16 2009-11-16 니치하 가부시키가이샤 Glaze composition
KR101280931B1 (en) * 2012-09-21 2013-07-01 (주)에릭스 Preparation method of vaobian pottery that three position color is different and vaobian pottery using the same and airtight container of locking method using the same
KR101315126B1 (en) * 2012-05-08 2013-10-07 최인규 Cinnabar glaze composite for porcelain and manufacturing method of porcelain using the composite
KR20150122430A (en) * 2014-04-23 2015-11-02 이한길 This is cinnabar enamel composite of manifest scarlet and it is manufacture method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100926645B1 (en) * 2007-02-16 2009-11-16 니치하 가부시키가이샤 Glaze composition
KR101315126B1 (en) * 2012-05-08 2013-10-07 최인규 Cinnabar glaze composite for porcelain and manufacturing method of porcelain using the composite
KR101280931B1 (en) * 2012-09-21 2013-07-01 (주)에릭스 Preparation method of vaobian pottery that three position color is different and vaobian pottery using the same and airtight container of locking method using the same
KR20150122430A (en) * 2014-04-23 2015-11-02 이한길 This is cinnabar enamel composite of manifest scarlet and it is manufacture method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20200016575A (en) * 2018-08-07 2020-02-17 최중열 Hibiscus syriacus Ceramic Ware manufacturing method and Hibiscus syriacus craft manufacturing method using this Hibiscus syriacus Ceramic Ware
KR102067456B1 (en) * 2019-04-30 2020-01-17 김용득 Arrangement Method for Manufacturing Vaobian Pottery
KR102358079B1 (en) * 2021-07-26 2022-02-08 문한조 A manufacturing method for pottery having a red colour background with various size and type spotted pattern formed
KR102358086B1 (en) * 2021-07-26 2022-02-08 문한조 A manufacturing method of pottery having a red colour background with jade green colour stone wall pattern formed
KR102358085B1 (en) * 2021-07-26 2022-02-08 문한조 A manufacturing method for pottery having a red colour background with cloud pattern formed
KR102358083B1 (en) * 2021-07-26 2022-02-08 문한조 A manufacturing method for pottery having a yellow colour background with seeweed pattern formed

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