KR20170057064A - Punching shear stiffening member of cutting bridge type and method for constructing footing using of the same - Google Patents

Punching shear stiffening member of cutting bridge type and method for constructing footing using of the same Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20170057064A
KR20170057064A KR1020150160681A KR20150160681A KR20170057064A KR 20170057064 A KR20170057064 A KR 20170057064A KR 1020150160681 A KR1020150160681 A KR 1020150160681A KR 20150160681 A KR20150160681 A KR 20150160681A KR 20170057064 A KR20170057064 A KR 20170057064A
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
punching shear
stiffener
column
punching
stiffeners
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KR1020150160681A
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Korean (ko)
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KR101750177B1 (en
Inventor
이상섭
배규웅
박금성
곽명근
김형도
홍성엽
배진모
박성순
정성욱
이명
김태길
남순우
Original Assignee
한국건설기술연구원
신세계건설(주)
아이앤티엔지니어링(주)
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Priority to KR1020150160681A priority Critical patent/KR101750177B1/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D27/00Foundations as substructures
    • E02D27/10Deep foundations
    • E02D27/12Pile foundations
    • E02D27/14Pile framings, i.e. piles assembled to form the substructure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D27/00Foundations as substructures
    • E02D27/01Flat foundations
    • E02D27/08Reinforcements for flat foundations
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/22Piles
    • E02D5/48Piles varying in construction along their length, i.e. along the body between head and shoe, e.g. made of different materials along their length

Abstract

The present invention provides a construction method for a foundation slab by using a separation type punching shear stiffener, capable of obtaining economic feasibility and constructability by reducing the thickness of the foundation slab by preventing a punching shear fracture of the foundation slab of a building. According to a proper aspect of the present invention, the construction method for a foundation slab by using a separation type punching shear stiffener includes: a step of arranging a foundation lower reinforcing bar and a foundation upper reinforcing bar on a slab or the foundation slab to be constructed and arranging a column main reinforcing bar at a position in which a column is installed on the foundation slab at the same time; a step of arranging an optimal number of the punching shear stiffeners to correspond to the shape of a cross section of the column on the circumference of the cross section on the lowermost part of the column main reinforcing bar so that a part with a large diameter and a part with a small diameter individually face the upper side and the lower side and of arranging and fixing the optimal number of the punching shear stiffeners under the foundation upper reinforcing bar to be in contact with the edge of the lower side of the column; and a step of preventing a punching shear crack by placing and curing concrete on the reinforcing bar arranged and of filling the concrete into and to the outside of the punching shear stiffener so that three-dimensional concrete is compressed. The punching shear stiffener includes: a small filling hole having the small diameter and formed on one end and a large filling hole having the relatively large diameter and formed on the other end, wherein the small filling hole and the large filling hole are formed in a cone shape at a predetermined height and manufactured of a steel plate of a predetermined thickness; and a skirt unit having a concrete filling chamber open from the small filling hole to the large filling hole inside. A part of the skirt unit is cut and torn so that a cross section for approaching a column, which enables the punching shear stiffener to be closely located to the surface of the column is formed.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a cutting bridge type punching shear stiffener and a method of constructing the same using a punching shear stiffening member,

The present invention relates to a method of installing a base plate for improving the punching shear resistance performance of a base plate on which a concentrated load acts, and more particularly, to a method of installing a punching shear stiffener, Bridge type punching shear stiffener for improving the punching shear resistance of a foundation plate by generating an axial compression effect, and a method of constructing a foundation plate using the shear bridge type punching shear stiffener.

According to the concrete structure design standard, the placement of reinforcing materials using reinforcing bars or steel wires is allowed to prevent punching shear failure, which shows brittle behavior due to concentrated loads or reaction forces in slabs or foundation plates. There are closed stubs in the form of typical stiffeners, and single, multi-legs and lattice bars are suggested. However, in the case of a slab having a thickness of 250 mm or less, it is difficult to arrange the stirrup type shear reinforcement, and it is somewhat complicated to arrange the flexural reinforcement disposed at the upper and lower portions of the slab.

Also, a shear head is known as a shear stiffener welded after cutting and bending so that a grid can be formed around a column using an I-beam or a b-beam. However, when the slab is used for slabs, the height of the section steel must also be lowered. Therefore, it is necessary to manufacture the steel slabs separately from the steel slabs.

Shear studs are also known as rod-like shear stiffeners with enlarged heads to improve mechanical fixation forces at both ends. This is known to be more effective for punching shear when radially arranged around the column, and then developed as a shear stud rail welded on one end of the shear stud to the steel strip, have. However, there is a limit in which the diameter of the stud head and the spacing of the shear stud are specifically defined in order to secure a proper fixing force.

As a background of the present invention, Korean Registered Patent No. 10-1188008, "Shear Stiffener of Reinforced Concrete Flat Plate Slab" is presented. A base; A support frame extending upward from the base to form an open space on the base; An outer frame extending laterally from the support frame is integrally formed, and the support frame extends upwardly from the base in an inclined manner.

However, the background art is not located on the crack line generated in the oblique direction to the slab generated due to the concentrated load of the column but horizontally arranged, it can not prevent the occurrence of the crack extending in the diagonal line around the lower portion of the column, It can not be expected that effective crack suppression is possible.

Korean Registered Patent No. 10-1188008 (Shear Stiffener of Reinforced Concrete Flat Plate Slab) Korean Registered Patent No. 10-0403835 (Reinforcing materials for flexural / shear reinforcement in reinforced concrete foundation and methods of construction thereof)

The present invention can prevent the brittle punching shear failure of the building foundation plate and reduce the thickness of the foundation plate thereby reducing the amount of concrete and the amount of concrete pavement so that a separate and independent punching shear reinforcement can be secured, And an object of the present invention is to provide a method of constructing a base plate.

According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention,

A step in which a foundation bottom steel reinforcing bar and a foundation upper reinforcing steel are laid out at a base plate position to be installed and a column main steel rope is laid at a position where a column is to be installed at the base plate;

A suitable number of punching shear stiffeners are disposed integrally with each other through the stiffener bridge means corresponding to the shape of the column section around the lowermost end side end face of the column stepless root, Wherein the reinforcing bars are arranged and fixed directly below the base upper reinforcing bars in contact with the lower side edges of the pillars;

Wherein the concrete is filled in and out of the punching shear reinforcement so that the concrete is laid and cured in the reinforced steel rod so that the punching shear crack is intercepted and the concrete is subjected to triaxial compression;

The punching shear stiffener has a skirt portion having a conical shape with a predetermined height made of a steel plate of a certain thickness and having an acute angle of side inclination so that a part of the skirt portion is cut and cut so that the punching shear stiffener And a cut surface for pillar proximity is formed at one or two places where the pillar is cut.

In addition, the punching shear reinforcement is provided in a number corresponding to the four sides of the minimum pillar when the pillar has a rectangular cross-section. In the state where the rhombus arrangement structure is achieved, the punching shear reinforcement is welded to the base upper reinforcing bars, And is fixed and fixed by a wire.

In addition, the punching shear stiffener is circularly arranged with at least four equally spaced intervals within a range of the maximum mutual proximity to the column when the column has a circular cross section, and is welded to the upper upper reinforcing bars or formed on the punching shear reinforcement Hole and the base upper reinforcing bar are fixed by being fastened by a wire.

The stiffener bridge means is characterized by using a joining plate which is disposed between a plurality of punching shear stiffeners and joined by welding.

Further, the stiffener bridge means is characterized in that a band plate adjacent to the plurality of punching shear stiffeners is connected between the bolts and the nuts.

The reinforcing material bridge means is characterized by using a hinge connecting portion provided at a position shifted from both side surfaces of the plurality of punching shear stiffeners and a reinforcing bar inserted into a hinge connecting portion located on the same line.

The stiffener bridge means is characterized by using an engaging connection portion formed by bending at both sides of each of a plurality of punching shear stiffeners to be engaged with each other.

The punching shear stiffener is supported and joined to the circular support ring of the stiffener support mechanism provided on the base plate.

Meanwhile, the punching shear reinforcement for improving the punching shear resistance of the base plate according to the present invention comprises a skirt part having a cone shape with a predetermined height and having an acute angle of side slope, And the punching shear stiffener adjacent to the column surface is positioned in proximity to the column surface.

Further, when the column to be erected on the foundation plate has a square cross-section, four punching shear stiffeners are connected to each other by the number corresponding to the four sides of the column, and the girders have a rhombic arrangement structure.

Further, when the column to be erected on the foundation plate has a square cross section, four punching shear stiffeners corresponding to four sides of the column are connected to each other by a band plate connected by bolt and nut fastening, and have a rhombic arrangement structure .

Further, the four punching shear stiffeners are each formed with a hinge connecting portion at a position shifted from the both side surfaces, and then the reinforcing bars are inserted into the hinge connecting portion, so that the four punching shear stiffeners are mutually connected.

Further, the four punching shear stiffeners are coupled to each other by using an engaging connection portion which is formed by bending on both sides and mutually engaged.

Further, the present invention is further characterized by a circular support ring connected to the upper ends of the plurality of ring legs and ring legs and joined to the outer surface of the skirt portion.

According to the present invention, the cutting bridge type punching shear stiffener is placed under the upper surface of the foundation plate in contact with the column in a state where the large diameter portion is upward and the small diameter portion is downward. A three-axis compression effect is generated to shear reinforce the base plate.

Further, the punching shear strength of the base plate is improved, and the brittle punching shear fracture at the ultimate load is prevented, so that the ductility behavior can be induced.

In addition, since the thickness of the base plate can be reduced, it is possible to reduce the ter- mination amount and the amount of concrete pouring, thereby reducing the cost of the ter- minator and reducing the overall air cost.

In addition, it is possible to omit the reinforcing stirrup, shearheads and enlarged head shear stud, and it is possible to improve the economical efficiency and the workability by making the installation of low price and easy installation.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of the specification, illustrate exemplary embodiments of the invention and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention, Shall not be construed as limiting.
FIGS. 1A to 1C are views showing the state of each of the foundation plates according to the order of construction using the shear bridge type shear stiffener according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an arrangement view of a punching shear stiffener viewed from a plane in Fig. 1b. Fig.
FIG. 3A is a perspective view of a punching shear stiffener applied to the present invention interconnected through a bridge; FIG.
Figure 3b is a perspective view of the column together in Figure 3a.
4A is a perspective view of a punching shear stiffener applied to the present invention.
FIG. 4B is a front sectional view of FIG. 4A. FIG.
FIG. 5A is a view illustrating a state in which the punching shear stiffener and the stiffener support mechanism according to the present invention are engaged with each other. FIG.
Fig. 5B is an installation state of a punching shear stiffener in a state in which the stiffener receiving mechanism of Fig. 5A is applied. Fig.
FIG. 6 is a corresponding state view of a punching shear stiffener according to an inner crack angle in a foundation plate according to the arrangement method of the present invention. FIG.
FIG. 7 is a load-displacement diagram of a foundation plate when a vertical load is applied to the column when the construction is performed as shown in FIG.
8A and 8B are a front view and a plan view schematically showing another method of installing the punching shear stiffener.
8B is a load-displacement diagram showing the amount of displacement of the foundation plate when a concentrated load is applied to the column in the installation method of FIG. 8A.
9A and 9B are a front view and a plan view schematically showing another mounting method of the punching shear stiffener.
FIG. 9B is a load-displacement diagram showing the amount of displacement of the foundation plate when a concentrated load is applied to the column in the installation method of FIG. 9A. FIG.
10 (a) and 10 (b) are various arrangements of the punching shear stiffener in the case of a circular column.
11A and 11B are a perspective view and a plan view of a punching shear stiffener according to another embodiment of the present invention.
12A to 12C are an exploded perspective view, an assembled perspective view, and a plan view of a punching shear stiffener according to another embodiment of the present invention.
13A to 13C are an exploded perspective view, an assembled perspective view and a plan view of a punching shear stiffener according to another embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the embodiments shown in the accompanying drawings, but the present invention is not limited thereto.

A description will be given of a method of increasing the strength of the foundation plate using the cutting bridge type punching shear stiffener according to the present invention.

<Installation of base plate reinforcement>

As shown in FIG. 1A, the base bottom reinforcing bars 12 and the base top reinforcing bars 14 are arranged at the positions of the base plates 10 to be installed. Further, the column base steel bars 16 are laid on the base plate 10 at positions where the columns 18 are to be placed.

The base bottom reinforcing bars 12 are provided on the bottom side of the base plate 10 in the lateral direction and the longitudinal direction and the base top reinforcing bars 14 are arranged in the lateral direction and the longitudinal direction, do. The column cast iron rope (16) includes a stirrup (17) installed at regular intervals in the height direction.

<Placement and Fixation of Punching Shear Stiffener>

Next, as shown in FIG. 1B, a suitable number of punching shear stiffeners 20 are connected to each other through the stiffener bridge means as shown in FIGS. 3A and 3B, corresponding to the shape of the end face of the column 18 around the lowermost end face of the column main spindle 16 As shown in Fig.

4A and 4B, the punching shear reinforcement 20 is a conical shape having a predetermined height and has a filling small hole 21 having a small diameter at one end on a vertical axis Z and a filling hole 22 having a relatively large diameter at the other end And a skirt portion 24 for forming a concrete filling chamber 23 which is opened toward the filling hole 22 from the filling hole 21 in the inside. The skirt portion 24 is partly cut, And a pillar proximity cut surface 25 is formed on the surface of the punching shear stiffener 20 so that the punching shear stiffener 20 is located close thereto.

The thickness of the punching shear reinforcement 20 is determined so as to have a structural strength sufficient for the base plate 10 to bear when the building load is transmitted through the column. The punching shear stiffener 20 is made of, for example, a steel material SS400, and the thickness can be determined in the range of 3.2 to 6 mm. The punching shear reinforcement 20 can be manufactured by butt welding, rolling or pressing two halves of the element.

The skirt portion 24 has a predetermined side inclination angle? In a conical form. As shown in Fig. 6, the side inclination angle [theta] is the angle of inclination (beta: 25 to 45 [deg.]) Of the base plate 10 (angle in the diagonal direction from the edge of the column to the base plate) Is an angle designed to place the skirt portion 24 on the line S.

The minimum angle of the side inclination angle [theta] is determined by having the punching shear stiffener 20 have sufficient strength to maintain the shape of the cone cut at the upper portion, and the maximum angle is adjusted to such an extent that the strength can converge within the range of the proof stress And it may be considered that 45 degrees is preferable to correspond to the punching shear that occurs when the load is transmitted from the column 18 to the base plate 10. [

At this time, the punching shear stiffener 20 has a filling pore 22 of a large diameter portion having a direction posture in which a filling small hole 21 having a small diameter is downwardly directed downward and in contact with a lower side edge of the pillar 18, (14).

When the punching shear stiffener 20 is installed as described above, the skirt portion 24 of the punching shear stiffener 20 is placed on the imaginary punching shear crack S as shown in Fig. 6 to block the punching shear crack, So that crack propagation can be suppressed by the three-axis compression effect of the concrete to be filled in the inner wall 24.

Further, in order to suppress the progress of the punching shear crack at an early stage, it is preferable that the punching shear stiffener 20 is provided on the top of the foundation plate.

2, the number of punching shear stiffeners 20 corresponding to the four sides of the column 18 when the columns 18 have a rectangular cross section are provided and connected by the stiffener bridge means to form a rhombic arrangement structure To the base upper reinforcing bars (14). The stiffener bridge means may be a joining plate (201) which is disposed between a plurality of punching shear stiffeners (20) and joined by welding.

As another method of installing the punching shear reinforcement 20, the plurality of holes 24a and the foundation upper reinforcing bars 14, which are passed through the upper portion of the punching shear stiffener 20,

As another method of installing the punching shear stiffener 20, a stiffener receiving mechanism 30 provided on the base plate 10 can be used as shown in Figs. 5A and 5B. The stiffener support mechanism 30 is constituted by a plurality of ring legs 31 and a circular support ring 32 joined to the upper ends of the ring legs 31. Therefore, if the punching shear stiffener 20 is supported by the support ring 32 and welded, the punching shear stiffener 20 is positioned at a certain height from the bottom of the foundation slab. Here, the support ring 32 may be integrally formed by welding to the outer surface of the skirt portion 24 of the punching shear stiffener 20 in a state where the ring leg 31 is connected.

<Concrete filling in punching shear reinforcement>

Concrete is poured into reinforcing bars 12, 14 and 16 laid out as shown in FIG. 1C, and concrete is filled in and out of the punching shear stiffener 20 and then cured.

The foundation plate 10 constructed as described above is formed by placing a concrete in a column formwork of a columnar cast iron rope 16 to form a column and then applying a vertical load W to the column 18 as shown in FIG. We could obtain a good understanding of the displacement relation.

That is, when the punching shear stiffener 20 is applied as shown in FIG. That is, in the case of the displacement amount of 20 mm in FIG. 7, when the punching shear stiffener 20 is not applied, the load resistance is 6500 KN, whereas when the punching shear stiffener 20 is applied, the load resistance is more than 7500 KN.

In order to determine the optimum arrangement position and direction of the punching shear stiffener 20 as in the present embodiment, two different experiments were performed in the case where the column 18 had a square cross section,

Here, the term "MSP " shown in the respective load-displacement diagrams of Figs. 7, 8B and 9B is an abbreviation of" Multiple Shear Preventer "and the term" punching shear stiffener 20 " Is used. Therefore, with_MSP is the case where the punching shear stiffener 20 is applied and without_MSP is the case where the punching shear stiffener 20 is not applied.

First, when the punching shear stiffener 20 is arranged at a middle depth on the corner of the column with the small filling small hole facing upward as shown in Figs. 8A and 8B, as shown in the load-displacement diagram of Fig. 8B, The maximum strength is slightly lower than that in the case where the shear reinforcement 20 is not provided.

Secondly, when the punching shear stiffener 20 is disposed at a mid-depth at a position spaced a certain distance from the sides of the column with the small filling holes facing up as shown in FIGS. 9A and 9A, the load- As shown in the diagram, the maximum strength is somewhat lower than that in the case of Fig. 8A, but the case where the punching shear stiffener 20 is not present.

However, as in the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the punching shear stiffener 20 is disposed corresponding to each side of the square cross section of the column 18 around the lowermost end face of the column main spindle 16, In the case where the small portion is downwardly disposed and fixedly disposed immediately below the base upper reinforcing bar 14 in contact with the lower side edge of the column 18, the deformation and the proof stress The load displacement relation of Fig.

When the installation direction and the arrangement direction of the punching shear stiffener 20 are determined according to the shape of the punching shear stiffener 20 in this preferred embodiment, The punching shear stiffener 20 is buried on the imaginary punching shear crack surface and the effect of maintaining the stress distribution acting on the concrete in the vicinity of the pillar at the punching shear end is maintained in the triaxial compression state and the punching shear stiffener The skirt portion 24 of the punching sheath 20 is interrupted in the middle, so that the proof strength can be increased and the punching shear can be reinforced. In particular, the side position of the skirt portion 24 can be positioned as close as possible to the crack generation point by the pillar close proximity cut surface 25 of the punching shear stiffener 20, so that cracking can be suppressed as much as possible.

Further, reinforcement can be carried out by the installation according to the optimum installation direction and installation position of the punching shear stiffener 20, thereby reducing the thickness of the base plate 10, thereby reducing the amount of the ter- minium and the amount of concrete, .

10, the punching shear stiffener 20 has a minimum spacing of at least four punching shear stiffeners 20 within the maximum mutual tangent centering around the column 18 when the pillars 18 have a circular cross section, And they can be installed and constructed in the same manner as the above-described method. At this time, the punching shear stiffener 20 has a directional posture in which a portion having a large diameter is downwardly directed downward and is arranged and fixed directly below the base upper reinforcing bar 14 in contact with a lower side edge of the column 18 to be.

Fig. 10 (A) shows a state in which four punching shear stiffeners 20 are installed, and Fig. 10 (B) shows a state where up to six punching shear stiffeners 20 are arranged. In this case as well, it is needless to say that the same effect can be obtained because the installation direction and the placement direction are the same as those provided for the square pillar 18 described above.

As another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIGS. 11A and 11B, the stiffener bridge means may use a strip 202 adjacent to a plurality of punching shear stiffeners 20 and connected to each other by fastening bolts and nuts. The band plate 202 is positioned on the inner surface of the punching shear stiffener 20, but may be disposed on the outer side.

12A, the stiffener bridge means includes a hinge connection portion 203 provided at positions displaced from both sides of the plurality of punching shear stiffeners 20, and hinge connection portions 203, 203 may be used.

Therefore, when the reinforcing bars 204 are inserted into the hinge connection part 203 as shown in FIGS. 12B and 12C, the four punching shear stiffeners 20 are connected to each other and are connected to one integrated cone And the stress distribution acting on the concrete around the columns is maintained in the triaxial compression state.

As another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 13A, the stiffener bridge means may use an engaging connecting portion 205 that is formed by bending at both sides of a plurality of punching shear stiffeners 20 and intermeshing with each other. The engaging connection portion 205 does not mean a specific bending connection structure in which one bending portion can be fitted to the other bending portion. Therefore, when the four punching shear stiffeners 20 illustrated in FIGS. 13B and 13C are combined, they form a single conical shape, thereby suppressing the occurrence of cracks and distributing the stress distribution acting on the concrete around the columns to the three- .

Therefore, unlike the punching shear stiffener 20 of FIG. 3, the present invention can be formed in two places on both sides of the cut surface 25 for column proximity as shown in FIG.

While the present invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to exemplary embodiments thereof, it is evident that many alternatives, modifications and variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art in light of the above teachings. will be. The invention is not limited by these variations and modifications, but is limited only by the claims appended hereto.

10: Base plate
12: foundation bottom reinforcing bar
14:
16: Pillar Cast Iron
20: Punching Shear Stiffener
21: filling small hole
22: Filling hole
24: Skirt portion
25: Cutting face for pole close
30: Stiffener support mechanism
32: Circular support ring
201:
202: Strip
203 hinge connection
204:
205:

Claims (14)

A step in which the column bottom steel reinforcing bars 16 are laid at a position where the base lower reinforcing bars 12 and the base upper reinforcing bars 14 are laid out at the positions of the base plates 10 to be installed and the columns 18 are to be placed at the base plate 10 ;
A suitable number of punching shear stiffeners 20 are arranged integrally with each other through the stiffener bridge means in correspondence with the shape of the end face of the column 18 around the lowermost end side end face of the column stiffening reinforcement 16, A step of arranging the lower portion of the pillar 18 in contact with the lower edge of the pillar 18 so as to be disposed directly below the upper reinforcing bar 14,
The concrete is filled in the inner and outer portions of the punching shear reinforcement 20 so that the concrete is laid and cured on the reinforced reinforcing bars 12, 14 and 16 so that the punching shear cracks are cut off and the concrete is triaxially compressed.
The punching shear stiffener 20 is provided with a skirt portion 24 having a constant height made of a steel sheet having a predetermined thickness and formed in a conical shape by an acute angle of side inclination, and a part of the skirt portion 24 is cut / And a cut surface (25) for column proximity is formed at one or two places where the punching shear stiffener (20) is positioned adjacent to the column surface. The cutter bridge type punching shear stiffener Construction method.
The method according to claim 1,
The punching shear stiffener 20 is installed in a number corresponding to the four sides of the minimum pillar 18 when the pillar 18 has a rectangular cross section and is welded to the base upper reinforcing bar 14 Wherein a hole (24a) formed in the punching shear reinforcement (20) and a base upper reinforcing bar (14) are fixed by being connected by a wire to form a punching shear stiffener (20).
The method according to claim 1,
The punching shear stiffener 20 is circularly arranged at a minimum spacing of 4 or more within the maximum mutual proximity of the pillars 18 with respect to the column 18 when the pillars 18 have a circular cross section, , And the hole (24a) formed in the punching shear stiffener (20) and the base upper reinforcing bar (14) are fixed by being fastened by a wire to the punching shear stiffener (20).
4. The method of claim 2 or 3,
Wherein the reinforcing material bridge means comprises a joint plate (201) disposed between a plurality of punching shear stiffeners (20) and joined by welding.
4. The method of claim 2 or 3,
Wherein the stiffener bridge means uses a strip plate (202) adjacent to the plurality of punching shear stiffeners (20) and connected to each other by fastening bolts and nuts to each other.
4. The method of claim 2 or 3,
The stiffener bridge means is characterized by using a hinge connection portion 203 provided at positions displaced from both sides of a plurality of punching shear stiffeners 20 and a reinforcing bar 204 inserted into hinge connection portions 203 located on the same line Of the punching shear stiffener.
4. The method of claim 2 or 3,
Wherein the stiffener bridge means comprises an engaging connection portion (205) which is formed by bending on both sides of the plurality of punching shear stiffeners (20) and intermeshing with each other.
4. The method of claim 2 or 3,
Wherein the punching shear stiffener is supported and bonded to a circular support ring of a stiffener support mechanism provided on the foundation plate.
A punching shear stiffener (20) for improving punching shear resistance of a base plate,
A skirt portion 24 having a predetermined height and formed in a conical shape by an acute angle of side inclination having a predetermined height is formed and a part of the skirt portion 24 is cut and cut to form a punching shear Wherein the reinforcing member (20) has a structure in which a cut surface (25) for pillar proximity is formed at one or two places where the reinforcing member (20) is located in proximity to the bridge punching shear reinforcement member.
10. The method of claim 9,
In the case where the columns 18 to be formed on the base plate have a rectangular cross section, four punching shear stiffeners 20 corresponding to the four sides of the column 18 are connected to each other with the joining plate 201, Wherein the shear reinforcement is a shear reinforcement.
10. The method of claim 9,
In the case where the column 18 to be erected on the foundation plate has a rectangular cross section, four punching shear stiffeners 20 corresponding to the four sides of the column 18 are connected to each other with a band plate 202 connected by bolts and nuts Wherein the bridge punching shear reinforcement has a rhombic arrangement structure.
10. The method of claim 9,
The four punching shear stiffeners 20 are formed such that the hinge connecting portions 203 are formed at positions displaced from the opposite sides of the punching shear stiffener 20. After the reinforcing bars 204 are inserted into the hinge connecting portions 203 to connect the four punching shear stiffeners 20 to each other Wherein the shear reinforcement is a shear reinforcement.
10. The method of claim 9,
Wherein the four punching shear stiffeners (20) are connected to each other by using an engaging connection part (205) which is formed by bending on both sides and mutually engaged.
10. The method of claim 9,
And a circular support ring (32) connected to an upper end of the ring leg (31) and joined to an outer surface of the skirt section (24). The bridge punching sheave .
KR1020150160681A 2015-11-16 2015-11-16 Punching shear stiffening member of cutting bridge type and method for constructing footing using of the same KR101750177B1 (en)

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KR1020150160681A KR101750177B1 (en) 2015-11-16 2015-11-16 Punching shear stiffening member of cutting bridge type and method for constructing footing using of the same

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