KR20170042913A - Sorting apparatus for foreign substance of combustible waste using centrifugal force and magnetic force - Google Patents

Sorting apparatus for foreign substance of combustible waste using centrifugal force and magnetic force Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20170042913A
KR20170042913A KR1020150142119A KR20150142119A KR20170042913A KR 20170042913 A KR20170042913 A KR 20170042913A KR 1020150142119 A KR1020150142119 A KR 1020150142119A KR 20150142119 A KR20150142119 A KR 20150142119A KR 20170042913 A KR20170042913 A KR 20170042913A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
space
foreign matter
spatial
centrifugal force
combustible waste
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KR1020150142119A
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Korean (ko)
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KR101860787B1 (en
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최병국
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최병국
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/10Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with cylindrical material carriers
    • B03C1/12Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with cylindrical material carriers with magnets moving during operation; with movable pole pieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/30Combinations with other devices, not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The present invention relates to a device for sorting foreign materials of combustible waste by using centrifugal force and magnetic force. To effectively sort foreign materials such as metals, stones, and vinyl mixed with combustible waste or other recycling materials through a simple structure, the device comprises: a case body having a top spatial part and a bottom spatial part formed to communicated with each other by a compartmenting plate having a communication pathway formed therein, having an opening part formed in one side surface of the top spatial part to feed combustible waste, having an electromagnet attached around the inner surface of the bottom spatial part, having a first discharging pathway formed at the bottom of the inner surface of the bottom spatial part to forcibly discharge nonmetal foreign materials, and having a second discharging pathway formed on the bottom surface of the bottom spatial part for making metal foreign materials fall to be discharge; a quantifying supply means disposed in the communication pathway of the case body to pulverize combustible waste fed to the top spatial part through the opening part and quantitatively supplying the waste to the bottom spatial part; and a foreign materials separating means having one or more wings having electromagnets formed on the surfaces thereof to the outside of vertical axes rotated by a motor to generate centrifugal force to the bottom spatial part while facing the electromagnets of the case body.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a separating apparatus for separating combustible waste using centrifugal force and magnetic force,
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention [0001] The present invention relates to a flammable waste sorting apparatus, and more particularly, to a flammable waste sorting apparatus using flammable waste or other recycled materials, such as metal, stone, To an apparatus for sorting flammable wastes.
Flammable wastes that are generated in general workplaces and households include metal foreign matter and non-metallic foreign matter. Among them, metal scrap is recycled and used only for large scrap metal which is excellent in recycling value but easy to sort without special equipment, and it is difficult to recover fine metal scrap (metal scrap) mixed with stone, vinyl, dust etc. Has been discarded as it is.
The foreign matter sorting method of the combustible waste can be classified into an artificial sorting method for the operator and a mechanical sorting method using the apparatus. Since the artificial sorting method is carried out by pure manpower, there are problems of inefficiency and high cost of the work, and the mechanical sorting method has problems such as excessive facility capacity, investment cost, and low productivity compared with the sorting efficiency. Therefore, it has not been possible to efficiently select flammable waste having a low processing cost and containing various kinds of foreign substances.
As a prior art of the foreign material sorting device, the patent document 10-2012-0107706 discloses a device for sorting ferrous metals by applying magnetic force to a hopper and a scraper which generate vibrations and introduce scrap, A first conveying unit, a second conveying unit that applies a magnetic force to the scrap supplied through the first conveying unit to sort the ferrous metal of the other standard, and a non-ferrous metal rejection unit.
However, in order to separate ferrous metal contained in scrap iron, the above-described prior art requires an excessive facility and installation space such as a vibrating hopper, a first conveying part equipped with a conveyor and a vibration feeder and a conveying guide, and a second conveying part However, there was a problem in that the production cost was increased due to the increased use of electric power. In addition, since the ferrous metal is selected through a multi-step process through the hopper, the first transfer unit, and the second transfer unit in comparison with such an overtaking facility, there is a problem in that high efficiency for sorting can not be assured there was.
Therefore, in the present invention, a simple structure using a centrifugal force and a magnetic force enables efficient selection of metal foreign substances and non-metallic foreign substances mixed in flammable waste or other recycled materials, thereby greatly solving the environmental problems and greatly improving the economic effect I would like to suggest a technology that can
Accordingly, the present invention has been made in order to solve the above-mentioned problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a method of efficiently selecting foreign matter such as metal, stone, and vinyl mixed in flammable wastes or other recycled materials as a simple structure, portable type structure of a combustible waste by using a centrifugal force and a magnetic force.
In order to accomplish the above object, the present invention is characterized in that the interior is communicated with the upper space portion 10 and the lower space portion 20 by the partition plate 12 formed with the communication path 11, An opening 14 is formed in the side surface so that the combustible waste 2 is injected into the lower space portion 20 and an electromagnet 22 is attached to the inner surface of the lower space portion 20, And a second discharge passage 26 is formed on the bottom surface of the lower space portion 20 for discharging the metal foreign matter 4. The second discharge passage 26 is formed in the bottom of the lower space portion 20, A case body 30; The amount of the combustible waste 2 to be supplied to the upper hollow portion 10 through the opening portion 14 is reduced and supplied to the lower space portion 20 in a fixed amount Means (40); At least one vane 54 having an electromagnet 55 formed on its surface outside the vertical axis 52 rotated by the motor 51 so as to generate a centrifugal force in the lower space portion 20 in a state of facing the electromagnet 22 The present invention also provides an apparatus for sorting flammable wastes using centrifugal force and magnetic force.
According to the present invention, it is possible to separate and select metal foreign substances and non-metallic foreign substances mixed in flammable wastes or other recycled materials as a simple structure using centrifugal force and magnetic force, thereby maximizing work efficiency at low cost.
Further, since the structure is simple and can be manufactured in a small size, there is an effect that a portable portable structure can be manufactured and used.
1 is a side sectional view of a foreign matter sorting apparatus according to the present invention;
2 is a plan sectional view and a side sectional view of a lower space portion of the case body according to the present invention;
3 is a plan sectional view and a side sectional view of a foreign matter separating means according to the present invention;
Figs. 4 to 6 are cross-sectional views taken along the line "
7 is a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the loading roller according to the present invention
8 is a side sectional view of another embodiment of the partition plate and the communication passage according to the present invention
Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The present invention relates to a flammable waste foreign object sorting apparatus using centrifugal force and magnetic force for efficiently selecting foreign matters such as metal, stone, and vinyl mixed in flammable waste or other recycled material with a simple structure. 8, the upper case 10 and the lower space 20 are communicated with each other, and a case body 30, a fixed amount supply means 40 and a foreign substance separation means 50 are provided.
1, the case body 30 is partitioned into an upper cavity portion 10 and a lower cavity portion 20 by a partition plate 12 having a communication passage 11 as shown in FIG. 1, 91). At this time, it is preferable that the partition plate 12 is installed in a generally horizontal shape, but it may be formed in various shapes such as a vertical or inclined shape depending on its structure.
The upper hollow section 10 defined by the partition plate 12 is a space into which the combustible waste 2 is injected from the outside so that the combustible waste 2 is introduced into one side of the upper hollow section 10, Is formed. At this time, the opening portion 14 may be formed on the side surface or the upper surface of the upper hollow portion 10, and the number is not limited.
A pair of feeding rollers 60 vertically and vertically positioned so as to first crush the combustible waste 2 and steadily feed the same into the upper hollow section 10 is provided outside the opening portion 14 of the upper hollow section 10 .
As shown in FIG. 7, the pair of the input rollers 60 is provided with an electromagnet therein, and the upper surface of the upper rollers 61 and the lower side of the lower rollers 63 The stopper 64 is fixed so that the metal foreign matter 4 is separated from the input roller 60 provided with the electromagnet and the metal foreign matter 4 adhering to the surface of the input roller 60 is separated from the stopper 64 to be separated from the surface of the input roller 60.
In the structure described above, when the guide 15 is connected between the pair of the input rollers 60 and the opening 14, the flammable waste 2 can be easily moved and supplied.
The lower space portion 20 formed at the lower portion of the upper hollow portion 10 is formed of a non-metallic foreign matter 3 and a metal foreign matter 4 in the combustible waste 2 inputted through the upper hollow portion 10 and the communication passage 11. [ And an electromagnet 22 is attached to the inner surface of the lower space portion 20 as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 to collect the metal foreign matter 4. As shown in FIG. At this time, it is preferable that a plurality of the electromagnets 22 are provided and formed on the inner surface of the lower space part 20. The electromagnet 22 is a conventional one in which a magnetic field is generated around the electromagnet 22 when the current is turned on and a magnetic field is extinguished when the electromagnet 22 is turned off.
A first discharge path (24) for discharging nonmetallic foreign substances (3) is formed on the lower side of the inner side surface of the lower space part (20). At this time, the first discharge passage 24 is formed on the inner surface of the lower space portion 20, and may be any space that can be formed anywhere on the upper side, the center side, and the lower side. However, Metal foreign matter 3 may flow out between the electromagnets 22 due to the centrifugal force generated by the vanes 54 of the lower space portion 20 in the lower space portion 20.
4 and 5, a fan 72 is connected to the first discharge path 24 through which the non-metallic foreign matter 3 is forcibly discharged to forcibly suction the non-metallic foreign matter 3, Metallic foreign matter (3) forced by the fan (72) is collected relative to the connecting port of the storage body (74). At this time, a collection bag such as a vinyl bag is provided in the storage body 74 so that the collected non-metallic foreign matter 3 can be easily processed.
A second discharge path 26 is formed in the bottom surface of the lower space part 20 for discharging the metal foreign matter 4 falling off from the electromagnet 22 by the off operation of the electromagnet 22 do. At this time, the metal foreign matter 4 is dropped through the second discharge path 26 and discharged to the outside. In order to collect the metal foreign matter 4 discharged to the outside, The metal material 4 is collected and collected through the receiver 82 and the carrier 84 by a carrier 84 provided on the outer side of the discharging portion 83 .
A predetermined amount of the combustible waste 2 to be supplied to the upper hollow section 10 through the opening 14 is supplied to the communication passage 11 of the case body 30 so as to be supplied to the lower space section 20 in a fixed amount Means (40).
1, the quantitative supply means 40 is constituted by a pair of supply rollers 42 having a concavo-convex portion 41 formed on the surface thereof, and is rotated counterclockwise to crush and supply the combustible waste 2 in a predetermined amount .
1, the quantitative supply means 40 and the communication passage 11 may be formed in a single shape on one side of the partition plate 12, but may be formed on both sides of the partition plate 12 12 can be formed by two or more than two.
1 and 3, in order to generate centrifugal force and magnetic force to be implemented in the present invention, an electromagnet 22 attached to the inner surface of the lower space portion 20, And a vertical shaft 52 rotated by a motor 51 in a direction perpendicular to the central portion of the lower space portion 20 so as to generate a centrifugal force in the lower space portion 20 in a state where the lower space portion 20 and the lower space portion 20 face each other. And a foreign material separating means 50 provided with a vane 54 having an electromagnet 55 formed on the surface thereof.
In order to generate and maintain a stable and constant centrifugal force, as shown in FIG. 3 (a), four or more wings 54 are shown, but two or three wings 54 , But it is not limited to this number.
8 is a side sectional view showing another embodiment of the partition plate 12 and the communication passage 11 according to the present invention. As shown in Fig. 8 (a), the partition plate 12 is connected to the communication passage 11 side The combustible waste 2 injected into the upper hollow portion 10 through the opening portion 14 is slidably guided to the communication path 11 side by the inclined surface 12a so that the inclined surface 12a is formed in a downward sloping manner, The supply of flammable waste 2 to the side of the means 40 can be made constant.
8 (b), a pair of feed rollers (not shown) are provided at the lower end of the partition plate 12 on the side of the communication path 11 in order to further increase the pulverizing and quantitative feed efficiency of the constant- And the fixed amount supply means 40 is positioned below the lower end point 12b of the inclined surface 12a.
The operation of the apparatus for sorting combustible waste using centrifugal force and magnetic force according to the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 4 to 6. FIG.
4, the combustible waste 2 mixed with the nonmetallic foreign matter 3 and the metal foreign matter 4 is introduced into the upper hollow portion 10 through the opening portion 14 of the case body 30. At this time, if the loading roller 60 is further provided on the outer side of the opening 14, the metal foreign matter 4 can be primarily removed and a more stable supply state can be achieved.
The nonmetallic foreign matter 3 and the metallic foreign matter 4 of the combustible waste 2 charged into the upper hollow portion 10 are supplied to the fixed amount supply means 40 provided in the communication passage 11 of the partition plate 12 as shown in FIG. And is supplied to the lower space portion 20 in a fixed amount.
The centrifugal force is generated while the vertical shaft 52 having the vanes 54 and the electromagnets 55 provided in the lower space portion 20 is rotated by the motor 51 at the same time as the supplying process, The electric current is turned on in the electromagnets 55 formed on the surface and the electromagnets 22 formed on the inner surfaces of the lower space 20 so that the metallic foreign substances 4 adhere to the electromagnets 22 and 55, The foreign matter 3 is forcibly discharged to the outside by a fan 72 connected to the first discharge path 24 and is collected in the storage body 74 and then treated. At this time, the non-metallic foreign matter 3 is usually made of lightweight materials and is not dropped to the second discharge path 26 formed on the bottom surface of the lower space portion 20 due to the rotational force of the vanes 54, Metallic foreign matter 3 is discharged to the outside by the fan 72 connected to the first discharge path 24. [
On the other hand, when the separation of the non-metallic foreign matter 3 is completed in the lower space portion 20, the current applied to the electromagnets 22 and 55 is turned off, The metal foreign matter 4 is dropped downward.
At this time, the metal foreign substances 4 to be dropped are discharged to the outside through the second discharge path 26 formed on the bottom surface of the lower space portion 20, and the receiver 82 and the carrier 84 are provided on the outer side thereof The metal material 4 is collected and collected and then treated.
The apparatus for separating flammable wastes using centrifugal force and magnetic force according to the present invention as described above can separate and separate metallic foreign matter (4) and nonmetallic foreign matter (3) mixed in flammable waste or other recycled materials with a simple structure using centrifugal force and magnetic force, It is possible to maximize the working efficiency at a low cost by making it possible to select the portable type portable terminal, and it is also possible to manufacture and use a portable portable structure because the structure is simple and can be manufactured in a small size.
2: Flammable waste 3: Nonmetallic foreign matter
4: metal foreign substance 10:
11: communicating passage 12: partition plate
20: lower space portion 22: electromagnet
24: first exhaust passage 26: second exhaust passage
30: Case body 40: Quantitative supply means
42: feed roller 50: foreign matter separation means

Claims (8)

  1. The inner space is communicated with the upper space portion 10 and the lower space portion 20 by the partition plate 12 formed with the communication path 11 so that the combustible waste 2 is injected into one side of the upper space portion 10. [ And a non-metallic foreign matter 3 is formed on the lower side of the inner side surface of the lower space portion 20 by forced discharge A case body 30 having a first discharge path 24 formed therein and a second discharge path 26 through which a metal foreign matter 4 is dropped and discharged on the bottom surface of the lower space part 20;
    The amount of the combustible waste 2 to be supplied to the upper hollow portion 10 through the opening portion 14 is reduced and supplied to the lower space portion 20 in a fixed amount Means (40);
    At least one vane 54 having an electromagnet 55 formed on its surface outside the vertical axis 52 rotated by the motor 51 so as to generate a centrifugal force in the lower space portion 20 in a state of facing the electromagnet 22 And a foreign matter separating means (50) provided with a separator (50) for separating foreign matters from the flammable waste.
  2. The method according to claim 1,
    A pair of feed rollers 60 are vertically and vertically positioned outside the open portion 14 of the upper hollow portion 10 so as to first crush the combustible waste 2 and stably feed the same into the upper hollow portion 10 And a centrifugal force and a magnetic force.
  3. 3. The method of claim 2,
    The stoppers 64 are fixed to the upper side of the upper charging roller 61 and the lower side of the lower charging roller 63, respectively, A metal foreign matter 4 adhering to the surface of the charging roller 60 is discharged from the charging roller 60 by the stopper 64 so that the metal foreign matter 4 is separated from the charging roller 60, 60. The apparatus for separating foreign matters from combustible wastes according to claim 1,
  4. The method according to claim 1,
    The fixed amount feeding means 40 is constituted by a pair of feed rollers 42 on the surface of which uneven portions 41 are formed and is configured to crush and supply the combustible wastes 2 in a predetermined amount while being rotated to face each other For separating flammable wastes using centrifugal force and magnetic force.
  5. 5. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 4,
    Wherein the partition plate (12) has an inclined surface (12a) inclined downward toward the communication path (11).
  6. 6. The method of claim 5,
    Wherein the lower end of the partition plate 12 on the side of the communication path 11 is formed with a receiving groove 13 in which a fixed amount supply means 40 is accommodated, ) Of the combustible wastes by using the centrifugal force and the magnetic force.
  7. The method according to claim 1,
    A fan 72 is connected to the first discharge path 24 through which the non-metallic foreign substance 3 is forcibly discharged. A storage body 74 is connected to the fan 72, And a non-metallic foreign substance (3) is sucked and collected through the non-metallic body (74).
  8. 8. The method of claim 1 or 7,
    A receiver 82 having a discharge portion 83 is formed on the lower side of the second discharge path 26 in which the metal foreign matter 4 is dropped and discharged and a carrier 84 is provided outside the discharge portion 83 And the metallic foreign matter (4) is collected and collected through the receiver (82) and the carrier (84).
KR1020150142119A 2015-10-12 2015-10-12 Sorting apparatus for foreign substance of combustible waste using centrifugal force and magnetic force KR101860787B1 (en)

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KR1020150142119A KR101860787B1 (en) 2015-10-12 2015-10-12 Sorting apparatus for foreign substance of combustible waste using centrifugal force and magnetic force

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KR1020150142119A KR101860787B1 (en) 2015-10-12 2015-10-12 Sorting apparatus for foreign substance of combustible waste using centrifugal force and magnetic force

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KR101860787B1 KR101860787B1 (en) 2018-05-24

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112517408A (en) * 2020-11-17 2021-03-19 泉州芸台科技有限公司 Sorting machine for bolts and gaskets

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR102117223B1 (en) * 2018-11-30 2020-06-01 심재윤 Apparatus for recycling plastic waste

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100556528B1 (en) * 2005-12-01 2006-03-06 주식회사 우성마그네트 Double magnet roller type separator

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112517408A (en) * 2020-11-17 2021-03-19 泉州芸台科技有限公司 Sorting machine for bolts and gaskets
CN112517408B (en) * 2020-11-17 2021-11-02 泉州芸台科技有限公司 Sorting machine for bolts and gaskets

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