KR20140073497A - An apparatus for filtering out defects in metal wires - Google Patents

An apparatus for filtering out defects in metal wires Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20140073497A
KR20140073497A KR1020147005959A KR20147005959A KR20140073497A KR 20140073497 A KR20140073497 A KR 20140073497A KR 1020147005959 A KR1020147005959 A KR 1020147005959A KR 20147005959 A KR20147005959 A KR 20147005959A KR 20140073497 A KR20140073497 A KR 20140073497A
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
capstan
wire
coupling
tension
axis
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KR1020147005959A
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Korean (ko)
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KR101912976B1 (en
Inventor
발렌틴 쿠이켄
리셀베르그 쿠르트 반
피에터 로멘스
호에케 헨드리크 반
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엔브이 베카에르트 에스에이
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Priority to EP11180782 priority Critical
Priority to EP11180782.2 priority
Application filed by 엔브이 베카에르트 에스에이 filed Critical 엔브이 베카에르트 에스에이
Priority to PCT/EP2012/067151 priority patent/WO2013034526A1/en
Publication of KR20140073497A publication Critical patent/KR20140073497A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C1/00Manufacture of metal sheets, metal wire, metal rods, metal tubes by drawing
    • B21C1/02Drawing metal wire or like flexible metallic material by drawing machines or apparatus in which the drawing action is effected by drums
    • B21C1/12Regulating or controlling speed of drawing drums, e.g. to influence tension; Drives; Stop or relief mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C51/00Measuring, gauging, indicating, counting, or marking devices specially adapted for use in the production or manipulation of material in accordance with subclasses B21B - B21F

Abstract

According to the present invention, an apparatus is disclosed which can be mounted on a conventional take-up or pull-out bench for filtering defects in metal wires, such as steel wires. Such an arrangement includes a torque generating coupling in the mechanical force path between the first capstan 206 and the second capstan 212. In use, the peripheral velocity of the second capstan 212 is greater than the peripheral velocity of the first capstan 206. The torque generating coupling may be between the first (or second) axis and the capstan associated with the first (or second) capstan, between the first and second capstan or between the axes of the respective first and second capstan Lt; / RTI > By using adjustable magnetic coupling, the test force applied to the wire when guided from the first capstan to the second capstan can be arbitrarily adjusted. Such a device can also be embodied as a stand-alone unit that can be easily mounted on a take-up or pulling bench. This device can also be driven by a wire pulled from the second capstan.

Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION [0001] The present invention relates to an apparatus for filtering defects in metal wires,
The present invention relates to an apparatus for filtering wire defects in a metal wire, preferably in a steel wire, during or after wire drawing. Such a device may be implemented as an add-on to a conventional wire drawing bench or may be implemented as a flaw, weak spot or other aberration during rewinding. (Not shown) on the wire winder. A method of operating and adjusting such a device is also provided.
Metal wires and more specifically steel wires of high strength (greater than 2500 N / mm < 2 >) and thin dimensions (less than 0.30 mm) are increasingly used in all types of applications. Their use is no longer limited to steel cords for the reinforcement of truck tires, for example they provide rigidity to the tire belt or provide strength to the tire carcass. Wires of high strength and thin dimensions can also be used in steel cords reinforcing belts used to lift elevator carts, for example in machine applications to reinforce synchronous belts, and even as a sagging wire, And finding its use in souring of brittle materials.
The production of steel wires of high strength and thin dimensions causes certain problems associated therewith. Wires of low strength and thick dimensions (e.g. making crane ropes) are much more tolerant of the drawbacks of the raw materials. For example, the effect of undeformable inclusions present in a wire rod will be smaller for thinner, higher-strength wires and smaller for lower-strength wires, which is occupied by non-deformable inclusions of the total cross- This is because the area of the electron is much smaller than the latter wire. Such inclusions can lead to manufacturing losses due to wire fracture in the wire drawing process, but can have a much greater effect when the inclusions are passed through and are present in the final product. For example, the breakage wire in the elevator belt may cause the wire end to begin to separate from the belt and thus cause an early lay-off of the belt associated therewith. In wire sawing, unexpected breakage of the wire leads to complete stopping of the process and valuable time and material loss.
Therefore, the applicant's goal is to "protect the break in Bekaert", that is, the weak areas in the wire are not exposed to damage or even safety problems by the customer or end-user, It is better to be detected and removed immediately thereafter.
Although systems (most of which are based on magnetic induction measurements) are available for detecting internal or surface defects in wires, these systems only indicate if there is a problem and do not eliminate the problem. Removal is best done by filtering all vulnerable areas by breaking in that area. This can be done by applying the minimum test tension through the test length to the wire over a given test length by continuously running the entire length. All breaks that occur during the test are breaks that rescue the customer or end-user.
An apparatus has been described in which an 'on-line tensile test' is applied continuously to a wire immediately after drawing. See, for example, JP 2000 167618, in which the wire is guided through two sheaves, a fixed sheave and a movable sheave, similar to a block-and-tackle system. The load is applied to the movable sheave by means of dead weight, pneumatically or by hydraulically operated systems, thereby causing tensile stress in the wire. The level of applied tensile stress lies between the maximum tensile load applied to the wire during use (which is the tension applied to the wire by the sawing machine as it relates to the sawing machine) and up to about 70% of the breaking load of the wire.
An alternative use of the same mechanical principle is described in JP 2007 118067. By increasing the force level to 40 to 90% of the breaking load of the wire, it is claimed that tensile residual stress in the wire can be reduced.
A problem associated with this type of sheave system is that they require space behind the drawing machine or wire harness. Also, a tension control system that controls the magnitude of the tension occupies a larger space than desired. Therefore, the inventors of the present invention have found a simple solution that can occupy a small space and can be newly installed on an existing wire drawing bench and / or winder and can be easily controlled in tension.
The main object of the present invention is to provide a device for filtering defects in a drawn metal wire, preferably a steel wire, by causing a break in the defect so that the defect is not reached to the customer or the end-user. A further object is to provide a device that is small and can be easily retrofitted to an existing wire drawing bench and / or winder. Another goal is to provide a system that is simple to control. A final object of the present invention is to provide a method of operating such a device.
According to a first aspect of the present invention, an apparatus is provided. Such a device includes two capstan. A "capstan" for the purposes of this application is a sheave having a flat surface that is wound such that a full or partial loop of wire is forced to transfer a force to a wire traveling thereon by friction between the wire and the surface, to be. The flat surface of the capstan defines a predetermined diameter. The capstan can be rotated about an axis on which they are fixedly or rotatably mounted. 'Fixable' means that relative rotation is not possible between the shaft and the capstan, and 'rotatable' means that relative rotation is possible between the capstan and the shaft.
The apparatus includes a first capstan having a first capstan diameter D1 mounted on a first axis and a second capstan having a second capstan diameter D2 mounted on a second axis. In the terms " first " and " second, " the first capstan ' is used before the wire is then further moved to a second capstan that leaves this device, perhaps through pulleys, sheaves, The order is implied in the sense of capstan arriving first. The shaft is rotatable by itself and may be driven or non-driven. Drive means that the rotational driving force (i.e., torque) is applied to the shaft (e.g., by a direct drive motor belt, a worm-worm gear, a gearbox, or any other kind of torque transfer portion). Non-drive means that the shaft can always be freely rotated, for example because it is mounted on the bearing with respect to the reference frame.
In use, the axis may be rotated (in the case of a non-driven axis) or rotated at an angular velocity W1 (expressed in radians / second) with respect to the first axis (in the case of a drive axis) and at an angular velocity W2 with respect to the second axis do. The angular velocity and diameter are selected such that the circumferential velocity of the second capstan is greater than the circumferential velocity of the first capstan in the absence of the wire, or D2xW2 / 2 is greater than D1xW1 / 2 such that D2xW2 is also greater than D1xW1. The angular velocity can be imposed on the axis separately and for example both axes are driven by separate motors having limited angular velocities W1 and W2. It is better if the angular speeds of both axes are coupled to each other at a fixed gear ratio of W1: W2. When the first axis is driven by the angular velocity W1, the second axis is rotated by the angular velocity W2, and vice versa. In certain preferred embodiments, no axes are driven, but both axes are coupled to one another at a fixed gear ratio W1: W2. In this way, such a device can be introduced into an existing wire path as a stand-alone unit driven by the wire being drawn through it.
The filtering device is characterized in that either the first capstan or the second capstan is fixedly mounted to the respective first or second shaft and the second capstan is coupled to the first capstan by torque generating coupling .
The operating principle of such a device is as follows: as the wire enters the device, the wire is held on the first capstan by a loop of wire wound around it. The wire is retained with sufficient tension to prevent slippage between the wire and the first capstan (described further). The wire is then guided to a second capstan whose circumferential velocity (W2xD2 / 2) is at least greater than the circumferential velocity (W1xD1 / 2) of the first capstan. Again, enough loops are wound around the second capstan to prevent slippage.
If the coupling between the second axis and the second capstan is rigid - this is a priori not excluded by the present invention - this will result in an applied strain? Fixation on the wire of ((W2xD2 / W1xD1) -1). If this strain is higher than the maximum strain A t at break of the wire, the wire will simply break. Since A t is generally not very large, very good control of the ratio W2xD2 / W1xD1 is required, which is typically less than 3% for the steel wire of the type considered.
There is also the problem that such friction can vary according to wire properties, surface and surface conditions of the capstan, and even environmental conditions, such as temperature and humidity, when the application of the applied strain is based on a pure friction basis. Cooling of the wire on the capstan will lead to, for example, thermal contraction added to the applied strain of the capstan. This is in contrast to what happens, for example, in a wet wire drawing machine where the strain is stabilized (the wire is immersed in the fluid lubricant, the capstan is cooled, and is maintained at a constant temperature) and strain is imposed by the drawing die.
The inventors of the present invention have surprisingly found that the sensitivity to friction and the need for control of the applied strain through the ratio W2xD2 / W1xD1 by introducing a torque generating coupling between the first capstan and the second capstan are largely solved. The presence of such coupling induces a constant force on the wire moving from the first capstan to the second capstan and no longer imposes a constant strain on the wire. Moreover, simple adjustment of the torque generating apparatus is it possible to apply a tension to the wires of more than 0 and F and below, and, F is the same as the fixed AEε fixed and, A is the cross-section and, E is the modulus of elasticity of the wire.
As a further bonus, the ratio (W2xD2 / W1xD1) -1 may be chosen to be significantly higher than the total strain A t of the wire. By maintaining the torque generated by the coupling under the torque of the fixed coupling, there is no risk of imposing an excessively high strain on the wire.
Due to the presence of the torque generating device, the linear velocity of the wire on the second capstan will be higher than the linear velocity on the first capstan. This difference will depend on the ratio W2xD2 / W1xD1. The line speed V2 of the wire on the second capstan will be just slightly higher than the line speed V1 of the wire on the first capstan. The ratio V2 / V1 of the linear velocity is equal to the strain + 1 (ε + 1), and the strain is the result of the tension of the wire. Accordingly, the second linear velocity is greater than the first linear velocity, depending on whether the wire is present during use.
The torque generating coupling may be located at a different location along the force path formed by the shaft, the belt or the gear mechanically connecting the first capstan to the second capstan. This force path is balanced with the force path formed by the wire during use. The preferred positions for torque generating coupling are as follows:
The torque generating coupling is located between the second shaft and the second capstan;
The torque generating coupling is located between the first axis and the first capstan;
The torque generating coupling is located between the first and second shafts;
The torque generating coupling is located between the first and second capstans.
Preferably, the torque generating coupling is adjustable. The adjustment may be in a separate step or it may be continuous.
A possible torque generating coupling is a simple friction coupling in which a friction body (e.g., a brake pad in the form of a ring) is urged by a control normal force on the brake disc. The problem here is the difficulty in controlling the wear of the brake pads, the heat generated and the generated torque. Another torque generating coupling is a powder coupling in which the torque is transmitted through a powder - usually a metal powder - between the disks pressed together as a control normal force. If the powder is ferromagnetic, the apparent speed of the powder can be controlled through a magnetic field, for example from an electromagnetic coil (electromagnetic powder coupling). In addition, a fluid coupling may be used in which a plurality of pairs of disks (e.g., an even-numbered disk is coupled to the capstan and an odd-numbered disk is coupled to the second axis) This can be attributed to either a change in viscosity (viscous fluid coupling) or by the exchange of momentum through an impeller-runner turbine combination.
However, the best coupling is by far the best. In magnetic coupling, a ring of alternating pole magnets, for example rings of conventional high performance magnets, such as alternating pole permanent magnets-neodymium-iron or samarium-cobalt series magnets, fixed in the shaft, By a gap. When the torque acts on either the shaft or the capstan, these torques will be transmitted through the magnetic field to the capstan and shaft, respectively. The number of magnets will determine the smoothness of the transmission (the more magnets are smoother). The magnitude of the transmitted torque will depend on the width of the gap since the magnetic field strength of the permanent magnet is rapidly reduced with distance. Therefore, adjustment of the generated torque is achieved by simple gap adjustment. Therefore, no control of the normal force is required, which makes the magnetic coupling the best coupling. There may be vacuum, air, fluid, or separation discs or bushings in the gaps.
Basically, there are two designs: the axial design (in which case the magnets are arranged on the disk) in which the magnetic lines run parallel to the rotation axis, or the magnetic lines of the magnets progress radially There is a radial design. In that case, the magnet rings are mounted into each other. The radial design is best because it allows for easy mounting of the coupling between the shaft and the capstan.
Preferably, the axes are located in a plane parallel to each other. It is better if the axes are parallel to each other. Alternatively or additionally, the shaft and capstan may be organized so that the wire arriving on the surface of the capstan and the wire starting therefrom are in a plane perpendicular to the axis. When the axes are parallel, this implies that both capstans are located in the same plane unless a deflector (such as a sheave or roll) is present in the wire path. This facilitates fixed gearing between both axes since the gear can be positioned between the axes in a plane parallel to the plane of the capstan. The axes may also be coaxial, i.e. one axis is on the other axis inside side and the other axis is in the form of a hollow shaft.
In the most preferred embodiment, the first and second axes are merged to be identical, i. E. There is only one axis. The first advantage of this embodiment is, of course, saving the shaft. The second advantage is that the gearing ratio W1: W2 is automatically fixed to 1: 1. A third advantage is that space is saved. A fourth advantage is that in this way it becomes possible to newly install a filtering device on an existing machine, such as a wire drawing bench and / or a wire unwinder, already present in the capstan. Such a single axis may be driven or non-driven. The drive shaft may be, for example, a wire drawing capstan or a drive shaft of a winder capstan. In a particularly preferred embodiment, such a single axis is not driven. Such a device can then be introduced into the wire path as a stand-alone unit. This device is then driven by a wire pulled through it and still functions as a defective filter.
In this single axial embodiment, one or more reversing rolls may be introduced into the wire path to guide the wire from the first capstan to the second capstan. One reverse roll is theoretically sufficient. Through the reverse roll, the wire is guided from the first capstan to the second capstan. Preferably, the reversing roll is introduced such that reversal bending is not induced in the wire. Therefore, when following the wire on the path, the bent portion is always in the same direction. Reverse bending can introduce twisting in the wire.
Additional tension control can be introduced by braking or driving the reversing roll. If the reversal roll is driven at a linear velocity greater than W1xD1 / 2, the wire will be further tensioned between the first capstan and the reversing rolls, and the tension between the reversing roll and the second capstan will be reduced. In an alternative, the reversing roll may be braked, in which case the tension between the reversing roll and the second capstan is raised while the tension between the first capstan and the reversing roll is reduced.
In a preferred alternative embodiment, there are two rolls. The first roll is associated with a first capstan, and the second roll is associated with a second capstan. Both rolls can be rotated independently from each other. The function of the roll is to prevent subsequent loops on the capstan from interfering with each other. By threading the loops of wire through the roll and the associated capstan, the subsequent loops on a single capstan are dispersed and do not disturb each other in progress. This dispersion can be further influenced (but both are still in the same plane) by positioning the inverse roll axis under a small angle with respect to the single axis.
In a further preferred embodiment, a straightening device is introduced into the wire path of such a device. A calibrator or " calibrator " is a series of grooved rollers in a substantially single plane in which repeated inversion bending in the plane induces a desired residual stress on the wire. The purpose of using the calibrator can be varied as follows: they are designed to provide the wire with a predetermined cast (the cast is a general curvature adopted by the wire when it is free to hang) May be introduced to make a straight line. They can also be used to influence the residual internal stresses on the wire. For example, compressive stresses at the surface are known to improve the fatigue resistance of the wire. See US 4,612,792 from that point of view. Another application is to induce twisting on the wire or even on the cord by locating the grooved rollers slightly above or below the reference plane. The calibrators are usually combined as follows: the different calibrators are positioned in series (e.g., at right angles) at an angle between the reference planes, while the wires are substantially aligned along the intersection of these planes.
The functions of the calibrator are complex and complex. However, an important parameter for the proper functioning of the calibrator is that the tension of the wire traveling therethrough must be constant and preferably controllable. This is accomplished with the apparatus described above. By locating the calibrator in the wire path between the first and second capstans, its functionality is greatly improved and is less vulnerable to variations.
The wire path can be divided into a plurality of regions. Perhaps there is an entry area that is a wire loop on the first capstan that extends through the reverse roll (if present). The wire in the " entry zone " enters the entry tension T 1 of the wire (i.e., the tension before capstan) and the tension is increased to the tension T 2 of the tension zone. The " tension zone " is the area where the wire leaves the first capstan and arrives at the second capstan, thereby possibly passing through the reverse roll. In the 'tension region', the tension is at a tension induced by the torque generating coupling and is controlled. Finally, the wire is discharged through a loop in the " discharge area ". In the 'discharge region', the wire enters the tension T 2 and can be higher than T 2 , but is preferably discharged with a low discharge tension T 3 . The discharge area is the area in which the wire enters and leaves the second capstan, possibly extending through the reversing roll.
The calibrator may be located within an entry area, a tension area, or an exit area. Preferably, the calibrator is located within the tensile zone as the tension is stable and controllable. Within the entry area, the tension can fluctuate between T 1 and T 2 , depending on the position of the loop and the friction of the wire to the capstan. The loop close to the end of the entry area will be close to T 2 and the loop at the beginning of the entry area will have a tension close to T 1 . The same thing happens equally in the discharge area as follows: tension can be varied between T 2 and T 3 depending on the position of the loop and the friction of the wire to the capstan.
When the calibrator is positioned within the tension area, it is necessary to add an inverting roll that easily thread-connects the wire through the calibrator.
According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a wire drawing bench including a filtering device as described above. The wire draw bench may be a dry draw bench (using powder soap to lubricate the wire when pulled through the draw die) or a wet draw bench (the die in the die holder is immersed in the liquid lubricant). In any case, the filtering device is a die having a minimum diameter, and its synonyms are the " die ", " die "Quot;) and on the outside of any lubrication part.
In a particularly preferred embodiment, the first capstan corresponds to a pull capstan followed by a final die, i. E. A head capstan that pulls the wire through its final die or head die at its final diameter. The first axis then corresponds to the axis of the head capstan. The second capstan may be mounted on a second axis that is rotated at a fixed gear ratio with respect to the first axis. Or even if the second capstan is mounted on the axis of the first capstan which is also the axis of the head capstan.
According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a winder including the filter device according to the first aspect of the present invention. The winder generally has an unwinding section (for delivering the wire) and a winding unit (for winding the wire on the carrier). The filter device can be easily newly installed in an existing winder. In a particularly preferred embodiment, no drive is required to operate the equipment. The capstan is rotated by the wire being pulled through it. Of course, the final winding unit must be able to deliver sufficient power to rotate the capstan to overcome the torque generated by the torque generating coupling.
According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, a method of filtering a defect from a steel wire by use of an apparatus according to the first aspect of the present invention will be described. First, the wire under test is fed to this apparatus with a tension T 1 (from the unwinding spool, the draw bench, or any other device known for wire generation or processing). The wire is laced around the first capstan as a first one or more loops. When the wire arrives at its starting point again on the capstan, one loop is completed. If there is a calibrator in the wire path, the wire can be guided through that calibrator. The wire then tracks its path by racing the wire through the second capstan as a second one or more loops. The wire is extracted from the second capstan with a tension T 3 . In the wire path ("stretch zone") between the first and second capstan, the wire is under tension of T 2 . This is the 'test tension', which can be adjusted by simply adjusting the torque generating coupling.
When a calibration device is present, this test level will be slightly larger after the wire has passed through the calibrator before it entered the calibrator, as some force is required to pull the wire through it. In any case, this deviation is quite small.
Depending on the test tension level induced on the wire, different effects can be achieved. If the test tension is greater than the wire tension applied to the phase during its further use, the wire will filter the defect to a degree sufficient for its use, i.e., the first advantageous use. An example applied on sowing wire in a multi-wire sawing machine is 25 N tension. Already setting the test tension to 30 N results in significant defect filtering. For example, the test tension may be set to be greater than 20%, 30% or even 40% of the breaking load of the wire. As long as the wire is within its elastic region, which extends up to about 70% of their breaking load for most wires, up to 80% for some wires and up to 90% for tall wires, No change will be induced on the wire.
A second advantageous application occurs when the test tension is within the firing zone of the wire (i. E., Greater than 70% for most wires, greater than 80% for some wires and greater than 90% for particular wires) In addition, changes in the wire can be induced. For example, the cast of the wire can be changed. Another advantageous use is to change the residual internal stress in the wire. When combined with a calibrator, this cast effect or residual internal stress effect can be more easily achieved because the calibrator can raise a portion of the wire cross-section to a fired state by adding bending stress to the applied tensile stress.
It is important for proper operation of such an apparatus or method that the number of the first one or more loops and the number of the second one or more loops are such that the slip does not occur between the wire and the first capstan and between the wire and the second capstan during use Should be sufficient. And that is, in the discharge tensions capstan T out T in a · e -μθ [here, T is the tension in the wire that enters into the capstan: slip on the capstan is generally modeled by a Euler friction formula as follows: If μ is an angle of friction (unit: rad -1 ) and θ is greater than the total contact angle (in radians, one loop corresponds to 2π and the 'contact' is between wire and capstan) is to be no second capstan applying these criteria to (T 2 to T 1) (T 3 to T 2) and the first capstan will then receive the required number of loops. in general, the second 1 The number of loops or more loops will be higher than the first one or more loops since the discharge tension is usually the lowest.
The use of friction reducing agents (lubricants, oils, waxes, etc.) for capstones should be avoided in any case since the coefficient of friction 'μ' must be high enough.
Perhaps the first one or more loops may be separated between the first capstan and the at least one reversing roll. Since the contact angle between the wire and the capstan is then reduced, the number of the first one or more loops must be adjusted simultaneously. Alternatively or concurrently, the second one or more loops may be separated between the second capstan and the at least one reversing roll. The number of the second one or more loops must be adjusted incidentally.
As a method of using the apparatus as described above,
Feeding the metal wire, such as a steel wire to be tested,
Racing the wire around the first capstan with a first one or more loops,
Optionally, the wire is guided through the calibrator,
Racing the wire around the second capstan with a second one or more loops, and
The step of extracting wire from such a device
/ RTI >
In the method,
The torque generating coupling is adjusted so that a constant test tension on the wire is caused to flow when it is moved from the first capstan to the second capstan,
.
This method can be further supplemented by the feature that the torque generating device is adjusted to a torque that induces a test tension that is at least 20% of the breaking load of the wire.
In the above two methods, the number of the first one or more loops and the number of the second one or more loops is sufficient such that no slip occurs between the wire and the first capstan and between the wire and the second capstan.
In the above three methods, the first and second axes are merged, the first one or more loops are shared between the first capstan and the at least one reverse roll, and the second one or more loops are at least one An apparatus having additional features shared between the reversal roll and the second capstan is used.
In a particularly preferred manner, the capstan is driven by a wire pulled through it.
Figure 1 shows a prior art head capstan of a wire drawing machine.
Figure 2 shows a first preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 3 shows a second preferred embodiment of the present invention including a calibrator.
Figure 4 shows a third preferred embodiment of the invention with different mounting conditions of the torque generating coupling.
Figure 5 illustrates an alternative operating principle of the present invention.
Figure 1 schematically shows a head capstan on a wire drawing bench 100. The wire 102 ejected from the head die 104 is guided in a loop manner via the head capstan 106 and the reversing roll 108. The head capstan is fixedly mounted on the drive shaft 124. The reversing roll 108 may also have other functions, such as a length counter wheel. After some loops, the wire leaves the machine via the sheave 110. The number of loops is sufficient to overcome the force required to pull the wire through the head die.
Figure 5 shows an apparatus 500 in one embodiment having two axes. Wire 518 enters the device on the first capstan 504. The wire 518 is raced around the first capstan as a first one or more loops. The first capstan 504 is fixedly connected to the first shaft 502. A first capstan 504 has the same diameter D1 and 2xR 1. In this example, the first axis 502 is driven. Wire 518 follows its path to second capstan 508. Again, the wire loops over the capstan as a second one or more loops. A second capstan 508 has the same diameter D2 as 2xR 1.
The second shaft 506 to which the second capstan 508 is coupled is driven by a gear wheel 516 to which the shaft 506 is fixedly connected. The gear wheel 516 engages the reversing wheel 512 and the reversing wheel 512 then engages with a gear wheel 514 which is axially connected thereto and also fixedly connected to the capstan 504. The reversing wheel 512 is introduced such that both capstans are rotated in the same direction. If the gear wheels 514 and 516 are directly engaged (in the absence of a reversing wheel), threaded engagement of the loops will lead to reverse bending of the wire, which is undesirable.
The number of teeth on the second gear wheel 516 is smaller than the number of teeth on the first gear wheel 514 so that the angular velocity W2 of the second axis is greater than the angular velocity W1 of the first axis. Thus, even if D1 is the same as D2, the state in which W1xD1 is smaller than W2xD2 will still be satisfied. In this embodiment, R 1 has been carefully selected to be slightly smaller than R 2 , which can exceed the breaking strain A t of the wire 518 under test and raise the ratio W 2 × D 2 / W 1 × D 1.
The coupling of the first capstan 504 to the second capstan 508 is performed through a torque generating coupling 510, which is, for example, a friction disk coupling. In this embodiment, the coupling is located between the second capstan and the second shaft. The coupling is adjustable by increasing the vertical friction force. The tension of the wire extending from the first capstan to the second capstan is applied with a test tension T 2 controllable by the coupling. Any defects in the wire with a local break load lower than T 2 will be removed. The test tension can be measured, for example, by a wire tension meter (e.g., Hans-Schmidt). When measured for different tensile forces, adjustment of the friction coupling can be used to set the test tension.
The number n 2 of the second one or more loops is set such that slip does not occur, that is, T 3 (discharge tension) is T 2 x exp (-μ n 2 2 ?). Similarly, the number n 1 of the first one or more loops is set such that slip does not occur on the first capstan, that is, T 2 is T 1 x exp (-μ n 1 2?). T 1 is the tension of the wire at entry.
Figure 2 shows a more practical embodiment of the filtering device 200 when it is applied to a conventional wire drawing bench. A first capstan 206 - also a head capstan following the head die 204 - is fixedly mounted on a drive shaft 224 driven by a motor of the draw bench. The first one or more loops of wire 202 are threaded through reversing rolls 208 with four loops shared between capstan 206 and reversing rolls 208. In the fifth loop, the wire is moved to a second capstan 212 mounted on the same drive shaft 224. The second capstan is mounted on the shaft 224 with the bearing 230 therebetween. Therefore, W1 is equal to W2 because there is only one axis. From there, the wire is divided through the second capstan 212 and the second reverse roll 208 'for about twelve loops. The second reversing roll 208 'is rotated independently of the first reversing roll 208. The second capstan 212 is coupled to the first capstan 206 via the torque generating coupling 214 which allows the torque level to be reliably set with an indicator scale Adjustable radial magnetic coupling. The torque generating device is located between the second shaft and the second capstan in this embodiment - the same as the first shaft.
In the further embodiment shown in FIG. 3, the embodiment of FIG. 2 is completed with a calibrating device 318 present in the tension area - that is, the area where the wire is moved from the first capstan to the second capstan of the wire path . In the drawings, identical parts are identified by the same unit and decimal numbers. An additional reverse roll 316 is introduced which allows the calibrator 318 to be conveniently mounted. The wire 302 passing through the calibrator is maintained at a constant test tension. In addition, repeated inversion bending of the calibrator induces additional bending stresses in the wire that further aid in filtering the defective areas on the wire.
In Figure 4, the alternative positioning of the torque generating coupling is shown. This arrangement is again a single axis arrangement in which both the first capstan 406 and the second capstan 412 share the same axis 424. The second capstan 412 is now fixedly connected to the shaft 424 while the first capstan 406 is rotatably connected to the shaft 424 by a bearing 430. [ In this embodiment, the torque generating coupling 414 is located between the first and second capstans.
In the described alternative embodiment, the capstan can also be driven by a wire pulled from the second capstan with a tension T 3 rather than driving a first axis. In fact, the tension T 3 driving this device is set by the induced test tension T 2 -magnetic coupling 214, 314, 414 if a sufficient loop is present on the second capstan to prevent slippage of the wire- will be. The higher the torque generating coupling is set, the higher the tension T 2 and more loops must be placed around the second capstan 412. In particular, the embodiment according to FIG. 4 is suitable for use as a stand-alone device in that the driving force is transmitted through the second capstan and through the torque generating coupling to the first capstan.

Claims (15)

  1. An apparatus for filtering defects in a metal wire,
    A first capstan mounted on a first axis;
    A second capstan mounted on a second axis,
    In use, the peripheral velocity of the second capstan is greater than the peripheral velocity of the first capstan,
    In the apparatus,
    Wherein the first capstan is fixedly mounted to the first shaft and / or the second capstan is fixedly mounted to the second shaft while the second capstan is coupled to the first capstan by torque generating coupling,
    Lt; / RTI >
  2. 2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the torque generating coupling is located between the second shaft and the second capstan or between the first shaft and the first capstan.
  3. 2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the torque generating coupling is located between the first and second axes.
  4. 2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the torque-generating coupling is located between the first and second capstans.
  5. 5. A device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the torque generated by the torque generating coupling is adjustable.
  6. 6. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein the torque generating coupling is a coupling from a group including a friction based coupling, a powder coupling, a magnetic coupling, a fluid coupling and a hydraulic coupling.
  7. 7. The device according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the first axis is parallel to the second axis.
  8. 8. The apparatus of claim 7, wherein the first and second axes are coaxial.
  9. The method of claim 8, wherein the first and second axes are the same, the second capstan diameter D2 is greater than the first capstan diameter D1, and further comprises one or more reverse rolls that direct the wire from the first capstan to the second capstan Device.
  10. 10. The apparatus of claim 9, wherein one reverse roll is driven or braked to control the level of tension on the wire between the first capstan and the one reverse roll during use.
  11. 11. The apparatus of claim 9 or 10, wherein one reverse roll is associated with the first capstan, a second reverse roll is associated with the second capstan, and the first and second reverse rolls are independently rotatable.
  12. 12. Apparatus according to any one of the preceding claims, further comprising a calibration device mounted within the wire path of the device.
  13. 13. The apparatus of claim 12, wherein the calibrating device is mounted within a wire path from a first capstan to a second capstan.
  14. A wire drawing machine comprising an apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 13, wherein the first capstan is a pull capstan following a final die on the wire draw machine.
  15. A winder, comprising a device according to any one of claims 1 to 13, wherein the capstan is actuable by a wire pulled through it.
KR1020147005959A 2011-09-09 2012-09-04 An apparatus for filtering out defects in metal wires KR101912976B1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

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EP11180782 2011-09-09
EP11180782.2 2011-09-09
PCT/EP2012/067151 WO2013034526A1 (en) 2011-09-09 2012-09-04 An apparatus for filtering out defects in metal wires

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CN103191939B (en) * 2013-04-11 2016-06-01 常州贝斯塔德机械科技有限公司 For the towing mechanism in drawing wire machine
FR3051696B1 (en) * 2016-05-27 2018-06-15 Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin Device and method for tracting and dressing a metal monofilament

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JPS4832509B1 (en) * 1970-10-31 1973-10-06
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GB2092629B (en) 1981-02-06 1984-09-19 Bekaert Sa Nv Improvements in fatigue resistant cables
CN87202373U (en) * 1987-02-28 1988-01-06 机械工业部上海电缆研究所 Optic fibre intensity screening equipment
JPH11342415A (en) * 1998-04-03 1999-12-14 Tokyo Seiko Co Ltd Wire manufacturing method and equipment
JP2000167618A (en) 1998-12-04 2000-06-20 Kanai Hiroaki Method for drawing wire for wire saw and drawing device
CN2680638Y (en) * 2004-02-09 2005-02-23 广州日滨科技发展有限公司 Elevator traction machine experimental bench
JP2007118067A (en) 2005-10-31 2007-05-17 Kanai Hiroaki Method and apparatus for manufacturing wire material for steel cord

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JP6007252B2 (en) 2016-10-12
JP2014526381A (en) 2014-10-06
CN103813867A (en) 2014-05-21
KR101912976B1 (en) 2018-10-29
EP2753438B1 (en) 2016-03-30
WO2013034526A1 (en) 2013-03-14
CN103813867B (en) 2015-12-02

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