KR20120101488A - Waste separating device - Google PatentsWaste separating device Download PDF
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- KR20120101488A KR20120101488A KR20127017167A KR20127017167A KR20120101488A KR 20120101488 A KR20120101488 A KR 20120101488A KR 20127017167 A KR20127017167 A KR 20127017167A KR 20127017167 A KR20127017167 A KR 20127017167A KR 20120101488 A KR20120101488 A KR 20120101488A
- South Korea
- Prior art keywords
- Prior art date
- 239000002699 waste materials Substances 0.000 title claims abstract description 99
- 238000009434 installation Methods 0.000 description 14
- 238000005406 washing Methods 0.000 description 11
- 238000003795 desorption Methods 0.000 description 9
- 241000273930 Brevoortia tyrannus Species 0.000 description 5
- 239000011901 water Substances 0.000 description 5
- 238000004140 cleaning Methods 0.000 description 4
- 238000010586 diagrams Methods 0.000 description 4
- 238000007599 discharging Methods 0.000 description 3
- 238000010276 construction Methods 0.000 description 2
- 238000000926 separation method Methods 0.000 description 2
- 230000004308 accommodation Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000005540 biological transmission Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000010849 combustible waste Substances 0.000 description 1
- 230000000875 corresponding Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000000428 dust Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000005516 engineering processes Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000001125 extrusion Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000005484 gravity Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000010410 layers Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000005507 spraying Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000003351 stiffeners Substances 0.000 description 1
- B—PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
- B65—CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
- B65G—TRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
- B65G65/00—Loading or unloading
- B65G65/23—Devices for tilting and emptying of containers
- B—PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
- B07—SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
- B07C—POSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
- B07C5/00—Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
- B07C5/34—Sorting according to other particular properties
- B—PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
- B65—CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
- B65F—GATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
- B65F1/00—Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
- B65F1/0033—Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor specially adapted for segregated refuse collecting, e.g. receptacles with several compartments; Combination of receptacles
- Y—GENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
- Y02—TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
- Y02W—CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
- Y02W30/00—Technologies for solid waste management
- Y02W30/10—Waste collection, transportation, transfer or storage, e.g. segregated refuse collecting, electric or hybrid propulsion
TECHNICAL FIELD This invention relates to the classification apparatus which allocates the conveyed refuse.
Conventionally, in high-rise buildings, there are things that classify garbage according to the kind of garbage.
For example, as shown in Patent Document 1 (Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. Hei 01-303206), in the collection of wastes such as high-rise office buildings, waste is put into a waste container (bucket) prepared in advance, and a vertical pipe; The waste container is lowered along the pipe, and the waste container is taken out from the vertical pipe by an extrusion device consisting of a cylinder and one hook at the lowermost layer, and then the waste is discharged from the waste container into one place by the inverting device. have.
In addition, Patent Document 2 (Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 09-002607) discloses a vertical transport of a building waste material input from an upper floor regarding waste disposal treatment of a high-rise building under construction and directly conveying it without putting it in a waste container or the like. And a plurality of garbage storage units (sinks) by a butterfly gate, and then transferred to a garbage collection vehicle by a chute and transported to a processing plant.
However, in the system of the high-rise office building described in Patent Literature 1, the conveying distance is carried out by engaging a bucket with a hook and engaging the reverse by the reversing device. Is in an unstable engagement state in the case of a long time or a large impact of the inversion operation. In addition, the reversing apparatus is required by the number of garbage storage portions.
In the waste material processing of the high-rise building under construction described in patent document 2, since a building waste material is conveyed directly by the end, there exists a possibility that waste may be clogged in the butterfly gate part which is a dividend apparatus.
This invention is made | formed in view of the said subject, Comprising: When discharging waste to a waste storage part, one object is to hold | grip a waste container reliably, to support stability, and to prevent the fall of a waste container. It is another object of the present invention to provide a structure in which garbage is not likely to be clogged while corresponding to a plurality of housing portions.
In order to achieve the above object, in the present invention, an apparatus for rotating while holding a waste container is provided.
Specifically, the garbage classification apparatus which concerns on this invention is a garbage classification apparatus which has a garbage container, the conveying apparatus which conveys this garbage container, and a some waste storage part.
The conveying apparatus includes a gripping mechanism for holding the waste container, a lateral moving mechanism for horizontally moving the gripping mechanism, and a rotating mechanism for rotating the gripping mechanism in a vertical plane. After holding the waste container by the conveying apparatus and conveying it to any one of the said waste storage parts, the waste container is rotated and the waste is discharged.
According to the above structure, even if shaking or the like occurs due to the impact when the garbage container is transported over a long distance or when the garbage is discharged by inverting operation, the gripper mechanism is more stable than when it is engaged with one hook.
In addition, the clogging of the garbage can be effectively prevented by moving the garbage container horizontally and transporting it to a predetermined garbage container, and rotating the garbage container to discharge the garbage.
In one embodiment, in the said waste sorting apparatus, the holding mechanism has a holding arm, and the holding arm is comprised by a pair.
According to the above-described configuration, since the holding arms are a pair, there is a garbage container on one side (one side), and the container is moved back to its original position as it is. At that time, another holding arm is provided at the place where the waste container is first held, so that the following waste container can be easily received.
In one embodiment, in the waste sorting apparatus, the holding arm has a holding ring, and the holding ring is composed of a pair.
According to the above structure, not only the holding arm but also the holding ring which hangs in the opening part of a waste container can fall effectively prevent a waste container falling.
In this invention, since the conveying apparatus firmly grips a waste container, a waste container does not fall and can respond to a some garbage storage part.
Moreover, since the lateral movement mechanism of a conveying apparatus is a structure which does not use a cylinder, it is inexpensive and maintenance property can also be improved.
Since the waste is discharged to the conveying apparatus by using the waste container, there is no possibility of clogging and the waste can be smoothly discharged.
As a waste container, a commercially available form container can be used, and it can be reused compared with the plastic bag used when disposing of general household combustible waste, for example, discarded after use. good.
In addition, after the waste container is discharged by rotating the waste container downward by the conveying apparatus, the empty waste container can be washed at a place other than the waste storage portion, and when washing, the opening of the waste container is downward. The washing water can be directly sprayed by the washing apparatus from the washing machine, and the treated water after washing can be prevented from remaining in the garbage container.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The front view which looked at the installation situation of the garbage classification apparatus which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention.
The side view which looked at the installation situation of the garbage classification apparatus which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention from the side.
3 is an operation diagram of a conveying apparatus in the garbage classification apparatus according to one embodiment of the present invention;
4 is a detailed view of a conveying apparatus in the waste sorting apparatus according to one embodiment of the present invention.
5 is an operation diagram of a holding arm in the conveying apparatus.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of the entire waste separation apparatus as seen from above.
7 is an operation diagram of a holding ring in the conveying apparatus.
EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION Hereinafter, embodiment of a refuse conveying apparatus is described based on drawing. In addition, description of the following preferable embodiment is only an illustration essentially.
1. Overview of the device
1 and 2 are diagrams schematically showing the overall configuration of the garbage classification apparatus 1. As shown to FIG. 1, FIG. 2, the garbage classification apparatus 1 is provided in the garbage container installation space 2 which stops the garbage container 4 which accommodated the garbage once, and the garbage classification apparatus 1 The whole control apparatus which handles overall control, such as the conveying apparatus 3, the several waste storage part 5 provided by the number of kinds of waste to separate, and the garbage container 4 installed in the upper garbage container desorption position. (6), a garbage type checking device 7 for checking the type of garbage, and a garbage container cleaning device 8 are provided.
Moreover, the garbage container discharge apparatus 12 which consists of a roller conveyor is provided in the garbage container desorption position below.
In the conveying apparatus 3 of the waste classification apparatus 1, as shown in FIG. 4, predetermined | prescribed by the horizontal movement mechanism 36 which moves the refuse container 4 to a horizontal direction, and the whole control apparatus 6 The rotary mechanism 35 which stops in front of the accommodating part 5 and discharges the waste contained in the waste container 4 to the accommodating part 5 by rotating the conveying apparatus 3 about 180 degrees in a vertical plane is provided. have.
As shown to FIG. 1, FIG. 2, the garbage classification apparatus 1 is equipped with the chute bunker 9 and the cover 10. As shown in FIG. Thereby, when discharging garbage to the accommodating part 5, the garbage is prevented from scattering around by the rotating mechanism 35.
2. Configuration of garbage installation space (2)
The garbage container installation space 2 is shown by the diagonal part of FIG. 1 and FIG. The 1st garbage container moving mechanism 21 comprised by the belt conveyor is provided in the installation floor of the garbage container 4, The belt conveyor or roller conveyor is provided by the movement mechanism to the conveying apparatus 3 beside it. The 2nd garbage container moving mechanism 22 comprised by this is provided. In normal operation of the first garbage container moving mechanism 21, the first garbage container moving mechanism 21 moves from the left side to the right side when viewed from the front of the paper surface. In addition, when the fine waste falling from the waste container 4 is on the 1st waste container moving mechanism 21, the 1st garbage container moving mechanism 21 rotates in reverse, and discharges fine waste. The cover 23 is provided so that garbage does not scatter at the time of discharge. The lower portion of the cover 23 is a cylindrical chute 24. The waste container installation space 2 is terminated in various cases, such as when the waste container 4 is vertically conveyed by a dust chute etc., or when it is conveyed horizontally to a belt conveyor etc. In addition, the garbage container installation space 2 is used also as a space which confirms the kind of garbage of the collected garbage container 4 with the garbage type confirmation apparatus 7. As shown in FIG. The 1st garbage container moving mechanism 21 is not limited to a belt conveyor, For example, the structure by which the garbage container 4 is installed in the upper garbage container desorption position by the arm etc. which used a motor may be sufficient.
3. Configuration of the conveying apparatus 3
As shown in FIG. 4, the conveying apparatus 3 includes a holding mechanism 30 for holding a waste container, a rotating mechanism 35, and a horizontal movement mechanism 36.
The holding mechanism 30 is provided with each holding arm 31 and 32 and each holding ring 33 which binds the garbage container 4. Each holding ring 33 is connected by a link mechanism that is a gripping portion opening and closing mechanism 34. This link mechanism consists of a bell crank. When the stopper 341 in the gripper opening / closing mechanism 34 falls off from the bracket 11 (see FIG. 1) provided in the frame 100 of the garbage separation apparatus 1, the force of the spring or the like is released. The stopper 341 is extruded. As a result, the link L3 is pulled, and the links L1 and L2 operate, and the holding arms 31 and 32 and the holding ring 33 hold and bind the waste container 4. In addition, the holding arms 31 and 32 may be only one of the holding arms 31.
The holding arms 31 and 32 are paired up and down, and the operation | movement of each arm is synchronizing upward and downward. In other words, if the upper side opens the garbage container, the lower side is opened, and if the upper side holds the garbage container, the lower side is also gripped.
The rotating mechanism 35 which rotates the conveying apparatus 3 is the motor 351 which horizontally moves a conveying apparatus, each stiffener 352 which supports the motor 351, the rotating shaft 353 of a conveying apparatus, and each roller. 354 and the frame 355 which supported the whole conveying apparatus provided with the roller.
The horizontal movement mechanism 36 includes a loop-shaped chain 361 connected to the left and right ends of the frame 355, a motor (not shown), a sprocket, and move the garbage container 4 in the horizontal direction. In the lateral movement mechanism 36, instead of the chain and the sprocket, a rack and pinion may be used as the transmission mechanism, or a worm gear may be used.
The conveying apparatus 3 operates like FIG. That is, in FIG.3 (a), the conveying apparatus 3 is in the upper garbage container desorption position which is an origin position. At this time, the conveying apparatus 3 exists in the vicinity of the 2nd garbage container moving mechanism 21. As shown in FIG. The stopper 341 in the gripper opening / closing mechanism 34 is in contact with the bracket 11. Each holding arm 31, 32 is opened larger than the diameter of the waste container 4 (position (A) of FIG. 5), and each holding ring 33 is shown in FIG. Similarly, the garbage container 4 is opened by extending upward from the upper end of the garbage container 4. When the conveying apparatus 3 starts to move, the stopper 341 and the bracket 11 fall off, and each holding arm 31 and 32 grips the garbage container 4, and each holding ring 33 Bundles the garbage container 4. At this time, each holding arm 31, 32 of the conveying apparatus 3 is closed in order to hold a garbage container (position (B) of FIG. 5), and each holding ring 33 is shown in FIG. As in b), it descends from top to bottom and binds the garbage container 4. Then, the conveying apparatus 3 moves to the predetermined | prescribed refuse accommodation part 5 like FIG.3 (b).
Next, the conveying apparatus 3 discharges the garbage in the waste container 4 by rotating about 180 degrees like FIG.3 (c). After the waste is discharged, the waste container 4 is horizontally moved to the left while being held by the conveying device 3, and returns to the lower waste container desorption position as shown in FIG. 3 (d). At this time, the garbage container 4 is rotated about 180 degrees, and the opening part of the garbage container 4 faces the bottom surface direction. The stopper 341 and the bracket 11 abut against each other, and the holding arms 31 and 32 are largely opened (position (A) in FIG. 5), and the holding ring 33 is shown in FIG. 7A. As shown in the drawing, it is extended upward and opened.
When the waste container 4 returns to the lower waste container detachment position, the opened waste container 4 in the transfer device 3 is moved to another place by the waste container discharge device 12 composed of the roller conveyor do. At this time, the upper conveying apparatus 3 is in the state which accepts a new waste container without the waste container 4.
After the garbage container 4 is newly installed in the garbage installation space 2, when the garbage container 4 moved to the upper garbage container desorption position by the 2nd garbage container moving mechanism 22, the conveying apparatus 3 ) Detects the waste container 4 and starts horizontal movement by detecting that there is no waste container at the lower waste container desorption position at the same time. Then, each holding arm 31 and 32 and each holding ring 33 hold and bind a new waste container 4, stop in front of a predetermined container, and rotate the waste container 4 to discharge the waste. do. The waste is fractionated and discharged by repeating the above operation.
The upper holding arms 31 and 32 and the holding rings 33 hold and bind the waste containers, and the lower holding arms 31 and 32 and the holding rings 33 are the waste containers ( Opening 4) becomes the starting condition of the conveying apparatus 3.
4. Multiple garbage container (5)
The plurality of waste storage portions 5 are provided as many as the number of types of wastes determined in advance. The storage part 5 may be a fixed pit or a movable collector.
Here, the case where the collector which is convenient for conveyance is used is shown. In addition, as shown in FIG. 6, the accommodating part 5 is allocated to the left and right centering on the rotating shaft 353 of the conveying apparatus 3, and when the accommodating part 5 has the smallest, it is possible to distinguish two types of classification. can do. In addition, if there is room in the building space, it can be increased by a desired number in the direction of the right hand of FIG. 6.
5. Function of the whole control unit (6)
The whole control apparatus 6 inputs the signals from the garbage type confirmation apparatus 7, the garbage container installation detector of the conveying apparatus 3, the rotation angle detector, the cover open / close detector of the chute bunker 9, etc., The operation command to the control part of the conveying apparatus 3, the opening / closing mechanism of the chute bunker 9, etc. is output.
First, after confirming the kind of garbage of the garbage container 4 in the garbage installation space 2, the whole control apparatus 6 automatically moves the garbage container 4 to the upper garbage container desorption position. When the garbage container 4 is installed in the garbage container detachable position above, a signal is input to the whole control apparatus 6, and the garbage container 4 is attached to each holding arm 31 and 32 and each holding ring 33. As shown in FIG. ), The conveying apparatus 3 is horizontally moved and rotated to the front of the predetermined waste container, and the garbage is discharged.
6. Function of garbage type checking device (7)
When the garbage type checking device 7 has buttons for each type of garbage and the garbage container 4 is installed in the garbage installation space 2, the garbage type checking device 7 determines the type of garbage and manually presses the button to determine the type of garbage. The entire control device 6 is recognized.
In addition, the garbage type checking device 7 has a detector, and by attaching an IC tag, a barcode, or the like, which is typically used as an RFID technology, to the garbage container 4, the garbage container provided in the garbage installation space 2 ( The type of garbage in 4) is automatically identified, and the entire control device 6 is recognized. RFID is an abbreviation of Radio Frequency Identification "identification by radio waves".
In addition, the detector automatically identifies the garbage container 4 colored in the color according to the type of garbage, and causes the entire control device 6 to recognize it.
The garbage type checking device 7 can determine the type of garbage, whether manual or automatic, and causes the entire control device 6 to recognize the determination result.
7. Garbage container cleaning device (8)
The garbage container washing | cleaning apparatus 8 is below the garbage classification apparatus 1, as shown in FIG. 1, and is comprised by the pump, a tank, and a free lifting nozzle.
When the conveying apparatus 3 rotates and returns to the lower garbage container desorption position after discharging the garbage, as shown in FIG. Washing is performed by spraying the washing water from the nozzle toward the inside.
Since the opening of the waste container 4 faces the bottom surface, the washing water in the inside of the waste container 4 after washing naturally falls to the bottom surface by gravity, and water droplets fall inside the waste container 4. Prevents stay
8. Other matters
The chute bunker 9 is provided so that an opening part may be just above the outline of the accommodating part 5, and when the conveying apparatus 3 rotates approximately 180 degrees, the waste scattered from the garbage container 4 will be accommodated in the accommodating part 5. We play a role of guiding not to scatter to other places. In addition, a cover 92 is provided below the bunker, and the cover 92 is opened and closed by the cylinder 91. By providing the cover 92, the waste discharged by the rotation of the conveying apparatus 3 is not closed by the collector directly, and the fall impact of the waste is alleviated. The lid 92 is opened and closed automatically after a predetermined time after the conveying device 3 stops and discharges the garbage. The control is performed by the entire control device 6.
The cover 10 covers the classification apparatus 1 as a whole, and the garbage overflowed from the garbage container 4 when the garbage container 4 is rotated approximately 180 degrees by the conveying device 3 of the classification apparatus 1. It is provided in order not to scatter around.
According to the present invention, in the waste collection system, it is useful to select various kinds of wastes in advance and to collect them in various waste seed conveying apparatuses, sorting systems, waste vacuum collecting apparatuses, and the like.
1: Garbage sorting device 2: Garbage container installation space
3: conveying apparatus 4: garbage container
5: garbage container 6: total control device
7: garbage type checking device 8: garbage container cleaning device
11: bracket 12: garbage container discharge device
30: holding mechanism 35: rotating mechanism
36: lateral movement mechanism
- Garbage container 4,
A conveying apparatus 3 for conveying the waste container 4,
It is provided with a plurality of garbage storage parts 5,
The conveying apparatus 3 includes a holding mechanism 30 for holding the waste container 4,
A horizontal movement mechanism 36 for horizontally moving the holding mechanism 30;
Rotating mechanism 35 for rotating the holding mechanism 30 in a vertical plane,
After the garbage container 4 is gripped by the conveying device 3 and conveyed to any one of the waste storage portions 5, the garbage container 4 is rotated to discharge garbage. Device.
- The method of claim 1,
The holding mechanism (30) of the said conveying apparatus (3) comprises a pair of holding arms (31, 32) characterized by the above-mentioned.
- 3. The method according to claim 1 or 2,
The holding device (30) of the conveying device (3) comprises a pair of holding rings (33) for opening and closing freely.
Priority Applications (3)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|JP2009275562A JP5570792B2 (en)||2009-12-03||2009-12-03||Garbage separation device|
|PCT/JP2010/071464 WO2011068116A1 (en)||2009-12-03||2010-12-01||Waste separating device|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|KR20120101488A true KR20120101488A (en)||2012-09-13|
|KR101421854B1 KR101421854B1 (en)||2014-07-22|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|KR20127017167A KR101421854B1 (en)||2009-12-03||2010-12-01||Waste separating device|
Country Status (5)
|JP (1)||JP5570792B2 (en)|
|KR (1)||KR101421854B1 (en)|
|CN (1)||CN102781796B (en)|
|MY (1)||MY157103A (en)|
|WO (1)||WO2011068116A1 (en)|
Families Citing this family (8)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN104690729B (en) *||2015-01-26||2016-11-30||北京元泰达环保科技有限公司||A kind of robot for sorting building waste|
|CN104648865B (en) *||2015-02-11||2017-04-05||苏州德品医疗科技股份有限公司||Medical waste intelligent classification recovery system and its control method|
|CN105668202B (en) *||2016-03-21||2019-06-07||江苏比微曼智能科技有限公司||A kind of garbage machine|
|CN105668191A (en) *||2016-03-21||2016-06-15||江苏比微曼智能科技有限公司||Cleaning mechanism for garbage sorting machine|
|CN106185103A (en) *||2016-08-30||2016-12-07||苏州德品医疗科技股份有限公司||A kind of with the medical garbage sorting system cleaning device|
|CN106219112B (en) *||2016-08-31||2018-09-21||苏州德品医疗科技股份有限公司||A kind of medical garbage sorting system with caching raising function|
|CN106542343A (en) *||2016-11-25||2017-03-29||昆明昆船物流信息产业有限公司||A kind of efficient automatic charging process|
|KR101959997B1 (en) *||2018-07-03||2019-03-19||씨제이대한통운 (주)||Roll container tipper|
Family Cites Families (4)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|AUPR955101A0 (en) *||2001-12-11||2002-01-24||Medivac Technology Pty Limited||Improved compact waste treatment apparatus|
|JP2004026329A (en) *||2002-06-21||2004-01-29||Siemens Kk||Segregation/accumulation/processing system for garbage from building such as office building|
|JP2006043601A (en) *||2004-08-05||2006-02-16||Shibuya Machinery Co Ltd||Vessel washing apparatus|
|JP5179888B2 (en) *||2008-01-16||2013-04-10||松山株式会社||Onion processing equipment|
- 2009-12-03 JP JP2009275562A patent/JP5570792B2/en active Active
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