KR20120068601A - A hole punching apparatus for metal pipe - Google Patents

A hole punching apparatus for metal pipe Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20120068601A
KR20120068601A KR1020100130293A KR20100130293A KR20120068601A KR 20120068601 A KR20120068601 A KR 20120068601A KR 1020100130293 A KR1020100130293 A KR 1020100130293A KR 20100130293 A KR20100130293 A KR 20100130293A KR 20120068601 A KR20120068601 A KR 20120068601A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
pipe
support
block
pressure
punching
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020100130293A
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Korean (ko)
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KR101311314B1 (en
Inventor
임길재
Original Assignee
(주)도경이앤씨
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Priority to KR1020100130293A priority Critical patent/KR101311314B1/en
Publication of KR20120068601A publication Critical patent/KR20120068601A/en
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Publication of KR101311314B1 publication Critical patent/KR101311314B1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D28/00Shaping by press-cutting; Perforating
    • B21D28/24Perforating, i.e. punching holes
    • B21D28/28Perforating, i.e. punching holes in tubes or other hollow bodies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D28/00Shaping by press-cutting; Perforating
    • B21D28/24Perforating, i.e. punching holes
    • B21D28/34Perforating tools; Die holders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D37/00Tools as parts of machines covered by this subclass
    • B21D37/10Die sets; Pillar guides
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/006Feeding elongated articles, such as tubes, bars, or profiles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26FPERFORATING; PUNCHING; CUTTING-OUT; STAMPING-OUT; SEVERING BY MEANS OTHER THAN CUTTING
    • B26F1/00Perforating; Punching; Cutting-out; Stamping-out; Apparatus therefor
    • B26F1/02Perforating by punching, e.g. with relatively-reciprocating punch and bed

Abstract

The present invention is mounted on the upper surface of the lower support die that is fixedly installed and the lower support block formed so that the pipe lower support groove is open to the upper side and the upper pressure formed to be installed on the upper side of the lower support block and the pipe upper pressure groove is opened to the lower side Perforated head formed in a block; In which the upper pressure block of the perforated head portion is raised and lowered by a cylinder while pressing the upper surface of the pipe placed in the pipe lower support groove of the lower support die by the upper pressure block, and simultaneously punching a hole by a punch; A device base having a plurality of support legs installed on the bottom thereof; The c-shaped support frame is installed on the upper surface of the device, the pair of c-shaped support spaced apart side by side installed and the upper and lower ends of the c-shaped support integrally formed by the top plate and the bottom plate; A perforation head installed in an intermediate space of the c-shaped support frame; A pneumatic cylinder installed inverted on an upper side of the c-shaped support frame; And an air compressor installed at one side of the apparatus table to supply compressed air to the pneumatic cylinder to operate the pneumatic cylinder.
The present invention, the lower support block is formed to be fixed to the lower support die is formed in the lower support die, the lower support block is formed to open to the upper side of the pipe, the upper pressure block formed in the upper pressure block to open the pipe upper pressure groove to the lower side. It is installed on the lower side of the upper block fixed to the bottom of the upper pressing die by a punching spring, provided with a pressure spring between the lower support die and the upper pressing die so that the upper pressing die vertically guides the upper and lower shots, and the upper side In the center of the pressure block is installed inlet fixed punch in the bottom center of the upper block, the upper block is fixed to the upper pressure die is fixed by lifting device (pneumatic cylinder).
In addition, the present invention, by operating the lifting device (pneumatic cylinder) in a state in which a long pipe is placed in the lower support groove of the lower support block to lower the upper block in which the punch is fixed together with the upper press die, the upper block (upper pressure) Die and punch) and the upper pressure block at the same time, the upper pressure block presses the upper surface of the pipe placed in the lower support groove of the pipe of the lower support block and compresses it at the same time. The hole is drilled downward in the pipe fixedly compressed between the lower support block and the upper pressure block. When the elevating device (pneumatic cylinder) operates in reverse, the upper block (with the upper press die and the punch) and the upper end The pressure block is simultaneously raised by the elasticity of the punching spring and the pressure spring.
In another aspect, the present invention, when the pipe is inserted into the pipe insertion slot by installing a pipe insertion bracket with a punched hole in the upper side of the pipe lower support groove formed in the lower support block, the outer surface of the lower portion of the pipe is the pipe lower support groove of the lower support block. The inner circumferential surface of the pipe is supported by the pipe inserting bracket so that the external shape of the pipe is not deformed even when the punching is carried out, and the punching can be easily performed. Holes can be formed at regular intervals by drawing holes by a certain length.
In another aspect, the present invention, the lower support block for supporting the lower side of the pipe and the upper pressure block for compressing the upper portion of the pipe is a pipe lower support groove and the pipe upper pressure groove formed on the upper surface and the lower surface in various ways depending on the cross-sectional shape of the pipe. By forming, it is possible to perform perforation by replacing the lower support block and the upper pressure block according to the cross-sectional shape of the pipe.

Description

A Hole Punching Apparatus for Metal Pipe}
The present invention relates to a hole drilling apparatus of a metal pipe for drilling (punching) a hole in a metal pipe formed of a polygon or a polygon of a square or more.
In more detail, the lower support block is mounted on the upper surface of the lower support die to be fixedly installed and the lower support block is formed so that the pipe lower support groove is open to the upper side and the upper pressure support groove is opened to the lower side of the lower support block. A perforated head formed by an upper pressure block formed; In which the upper pressure block of the perforated head portion is raised and lowered by a cylinder while pressing the upper surface of the pipe placed in the pipe lower support groove of the lower support die by the upper pressure block, and simultaneously punching a hole by a punch; A device base having a plurality of support legs installed on the bottom thereof; The c-shaped support frame is installed on the upper surface of the device, the pair of c-shaped support spaced apart side by side installed and the upper and lower ends of the c-shaped support integrally formed by the top plate and the bottom plate; A perforation head installed in an intermediate space of the c-shaped support frame; A pneumatic cylinder installed inverted on an upper side of the c-shaped support frame; It is provided on one side of the apparatus unit to supply compressed air to the pneumatic cylinder to operate the pneumatic cylinder; to provide a metal pipe factory factory characterized in that formed by.
Generally, as a device for drilling holes in metal pipes, Korean Utility Model Registration No. 20-184907 and Patent Registration No. 10-391172 have been proposed.
Utility Model Registration No. 20-184907 (a shock absorber outer diameter pipe automatic punching device) is provided with pin guides, pusher pins, and pressure block guides on both sides of a tube guide provided at the center of an upper surface of a work block, respectively. The pressure drop is installed at the bottom of the press stand so that a pair of pressure blocks are positioned between the pusher pins and the pressure block guides. As the press stand moves up and down by the cylinder, each pressure block flows between each of the pusher pins and the pressure block guides. The pusher pin and the pressure block guide are pushed inward to press and fix both sides of the pipe placed on the upper side of the tube guide, and at the same time, the puncher pin and the pressure block guide are raised by punching (punching).
However, this simply detains both sides of the pipe placed on the upper side of the tube guide, and performs the perforation without installing a device to prevent the pipe from deforming inside the type, so that the appearance of the pipe is deformed. Since the press stand that is raised and lowered by the cylinder is simply guided by the guide rod, the pressure applied from the cylinder and the impact generated during the perforation are transmitted directly to the pipe, so that the perforation process is not made smoothly. There is a monotony that cannot be perforated while maintaining the pipe at regular intervals.
In addition, Patent No. 10-391172 (hole drilling device of the cylindrical pipe) is to operate the pressing plate with a punching nail vertically up and down along the guide shaft by a conventional press device; When the punching means downwardly drills the pipe, the pipe supporting block is raised by the up and down operating means to support the pipe, and when the punching means is upward, the pipe supporting block is lowered to release the supporting state. Pipe support means), the pipe mounted by the pipe mounting gripping means intermittently rotated by a predetermined angle (pipe rotation means), the pressing is shot downwards by the ballistic means when the pressing plate is operated up and down by the pressing device When the upper surface of the pipe is pressed by the plate, the hole is drilled by the punching nail to the pipe located above the punching nail distribution hole (punching means), and it is installed at the front and rear of the pipe mounting pipe to punch the pipe. The scrap generated every time is discharged to the outside of the pipe mounting pipe after the punching is completed (scrap removal means).
However, it is not easy to manufacture because the configuration of the hole drilling device is very complicated, and also a lot of manufacturing costs are used, and since the perforation only once in the pipe, the perforated in the longitudinal direction while maintaining the holes at regular intervals in long pipes You will not be able to.
The present invention is mounted on the upper surface of the lower support die that is fixedly installed and the lower support block formed so that the pipe lower support groove is open to the upper side and the upper pressure formed to be installed on the upper side of the lower support block and the pipe upper pressure groove is opened to the lower side Perforated head formed in a block; In which the upper pressure block of the perforated head portion is raised and lowered by a cylinder while pressing the upper surface of the pipe placed in the pipe lower support groove of the lower support die by the upper pressure block, and simultaneously punching a hole by a punch;
A device base having a plurality of support legs installed on the bottom thereof; The c-shaped support frame is installed on the upper surface of the device, the pair of c-shaped support spaced apart side by side installed and the upper and lower ends of the c-shaped support integrally formed by the top plate and the bottom plate; A perforation head installed in an intermediate space of the c-shaped support frame; A pneumatic cylinder installed inverted on an upper side of the c-shaped support frame; It is an object of the present invention to provide a metal pipe factory, characterized in that formed; including; an air compressor installed on one side of the apparatus stand to supply compressed air to the pneumatic cylinder to operate the pneumatic cylinder.
Another object of the present invention, the lower support block is formed in the lower support die is formed in the lower support die is formed so that the pipe lower support groove is open to the upper side, the upper side formed to open the pipe upper pressure groove to the lower side on the upper side of the lower support block. The pressure block is installed on the lower side of the upper block fixed to the bottom of the upper pressing die by a punching spring, but is provided with a pressing spring between the lower support die and the upper pressing die so that the upper pressing die is vertically guided up and down. In the center of the upper pressing block is installed in the center of the bottom of the upper block inlet punched in, the upper block is fixed to the upper pressure die integrally fixed by the lifting device (pneumatic cylinder) of the metal pipe We are trying to provide a hole puncher.
Still another object of the present invention is to operate the lifting device (pneumatic cylinder) in a state where a long pipe is placed in the lower support groove of the lower support block to lower the upper block where the punch is fixed together with the upper press die. (With upper press die and punch) and upper press block at the same time, the upper press block presses the upper surface of the pipe seated in the lower support groove of the pipe of the lower support block, and simultaneously compresses it with the upper block and the upper press die. The punch is further downward to drill a hole in the pipe fixedly compressed between the lower support block and the upper pressure block. When the elevating device (pneumatic cylinder) operates in reverse, the upper block (upper pressure die and punch) ) And the upper press block provide the other factory value of the hole of the metal pipe which is to be raised simultaneously by the elasticity of the punching spring and the pressure spring. There Reaches.
Another object of the present invention is to install a pipe insertion bracket with a punching hole in the upper side of the pipe lower support groove formed in the lower support block to insert the pipe into the pipe insertion bracket, the outer surface of the lower lower pipe of the lower support block The periphery of the pipe and the inner circumferential surface of the pipe are supported by the pipe insertion bracket, so that the external appearance of the pipe is not deformed even when the perforation is executed, and the perforation can be easily performed, and the pipe inserted into the pipe insertion bracket The present invention is to provide a hole punching mill of a metal pipe, which can be drilled by drawing a predetermined (constant) length and forming holes in a pipe at regular intervals.
Another object of the present invention, the lower support block for supporting the lower side of the pipe and the upper pressure block for crimping the upper portion of the pipe is a pipe lower support groove and the pipe upper pressure groove formed on the upper and lower surfaces in the cross-sectional shape of the pipe. According to the present invention, it is intended to provide a hole punching machine of a metal pipe that can be perforated by replacing the lower supporting block and the upper pressing block according to the cross-sectional shape of the pipe.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The above and other objects,
Perforations formed on the upper surface of the lower support die to be fixedly installed, the lower support block formed so that the pipe lower support groove is open to the upper side and the upper pressure block is installed on the upper side of the lower support block and the upper pressure block formed to open the pipe downwards Head portion; In which the upper pressure block of the perforated head portion is raised and lowered by a cylinder while pressing the upper surface of the pipe placed in the pipe lower support groove of the lower support die by the upper pressure block, and simultaneously punching a hole by a punch;
A device base having a plurality of support legs installed on the bottom thereof;
The c-shaped support frame is installed on the upper surface of the device, the pair of c-shaped support spaced apart side by side installed and the upper and lower ends of the c-shaped support integrally formed by the top plate and the bottom plate;
A perforation head installed in an intermediate space of the c-shaped support frame;
A pneumatic cylinder installed inverted on an upper side of the c-shaped support frame;
It is achieved by the metal pipe punching device (1), characterized in that formed on one side of the apparatus unit; air compressor for supplying compressed air to the pneumatic cylinder to operate the pneumatic cylinder.
The metal pipe planter according to the present invention is mounted on the upper surface of the lower support die to be fixedly installed, and is installed on the upper side of the lower support block and the lower support block formed so that the pipe lower support groove is opened upward, and the pipe upper pressure groove is lower. A perforated head formed by an upper pressure block formed to be opened; In which the upper pressure block of the perforated head portion is raised and lowered by a cylinder while pressing the upper surface of the pipe placed in the pipe lower support groove of the lower support die by the upper pressure block, and simultaneously punching a hole by a punch; A device base having a plurality of support legs installed on the bottom thereof; The c-shaped support frame is installed on the upper surface of the device, the pair of c-shaped support spaced apart side by side installed and the upper and lower ends of the c-shaped support integrally formed by the top plate and the bottom plate; A perforation head installed in an intermediate space of the c-shaped support frame; A pneumatic cylinder installed inverted on an upper side of the c-shaped support frame; And an air compressor installed at one side of the apparatus table to supply compressed air to the pneumatic cylinder to operate the pneumatic cylinder.
The present invention, the lower support block is formed to be fixed to the lower support die is formed in the lower support die, the lower support block is formed to open to the upper side of the pipe, the upper pressure block formed in the upper pressure block to open the pipe upper pressure groove to the lower side. It is installed on the lower side of the upper block fixed to the bottom of the upper pressing die by a punching spring, provided with a pressure spring between the lower support die and the upper pressing die so that the upper pressing die vertically guides the upper and lower shots, and the upper side In the center of the pressure block is installed inlet fixed punch in the bottom center of the upper block, the upper block is fixed to the upper pressure die is fixed by lifting device (pneumatic cylinder).
In addition, the present invention, by operating the lifting device (pneumatic cylinder) in a state in which a long pipe is placed in the lower support groove of the lower support block to lower the upper block in which the punch is fixed together with the upper press die, the upper block (upper pressure) Die and punch) and the upper pressure block at the same time, the upper pressure block presses the upper surface of the pipe placed in the lower support groove of the pipe of the lower support block and compresses it at the same time. The hole is drilled downward in the pipe fixedly compressed between the lower support block and the upper pressure block. When the elevating device (pneumatic cylinder) operates in reverse, the upper block (with the upper press die and the punch) and the upper end The pressure block is simultaneously raised by the elasticity of the punching spring and the pressure spring.
In another aspect, the present invention, when the pipe is inserted into the pipe insertion slot by installing a pipe insertion bracket with a punched hole in the upper side of the pipe lower support groove formed in the lower support block, the outer surface of the lower portion of the pipe is the pipe lower support groove of the lower support block. The inner circumferential surface of the pipe is supported by the pipe inserting bracket so that the external shape of the pipe is not deformed even when the punching is carried out, and the punching can be easily performed. Holes can be formed at regular intervals by drawing holes by a certain length.
In another aspect, the present invention, the lower support block for supporting the lower side of the pipe and the upper pressure block for compressing the upper portion of the pipe is a pipe lower support groove and the pipe upper pressure groove formed on the upper surface and the lower surface in various ways depending on the cross-sectional shape of the pipe. By forming, it is possible to perform perforation by replacing the lower support block and the upper pressure block according to the cross-sectional shape of the pipe.
1 is a perspective view showing a hole puncher of a metal pipe according to the present invention.
Figure 2a and Figure 2b is a front view and a side view of the hole drilling apparatus of the metal pipe according to the present invention.
Figure 3 is an exploded perspective view showing an extract of the punching head portion in the hole punching device of the metal pipe according to the present invention.
Figure 4 is an exploded perspective view showing a punching head portion in the hole punching device of the metal pipe according to the present invention.
5A and 5B are explanatory views of the operation relations of the perforation head in the hole perforation apparatus of the metal pipe according to the present invention;
Figure 6 is an exploded perspective view showing another embodiment of the punching head portion in the hole punching device of the metal pipe according to the present invention.
7A and 7B are explanatory views of the operation relationship of the perforation head in the hole perforating device of the metal pipe according to the present invention illustrated in Fig. 6;
8 is a perspective view of a state in which a pipe support device is installed in a hole drilling device of a metal pipe according to the present invention;
The above and other objects and features of the present invention will be more clearly understood by the following detailed description based on the accompanying drawings.
1 to 8 show a specific implementation of the metal pipe drilling apparatus 1 according to the present invention.
1 and 2a and 2b is a perspective view and a front view and a side view showing a metal pipe drilling apparatus 1 according to the present invention, Figures 3, 4 and 5a and 5b is a metal pipe drilling apparatus according to the present invention Figure 1 is an exploded perspective view and operation relationship explanatory drawing showing the perforated head 2 in (1).
6 is an exploded perspective view showing another embodiment of the punching head portion 2 in the metal pipe drilling apparatus 1 according to the present invention, and FIGS. 7A and 7B are operations of the punching head portion 2 illustrated in FIG. 6. It is a relation explanatory drawing.
8 is a perspective view showing a state in which the pipe support device 70 is installed in the metal pipe drilling apparatus 1 according to the present invention.
The metal pipe drilling apparatus 1 according to the present invention, as illustrated in FIGS. 1 to 2B, is an apparatus table 3 for supporting the perforating head portion 2 and the compressor portion 4 at a predetermined height. C-shaped support frame to which the punching head part 2 which drills a hole in a pipe, the compressor part 4 which provides pneumatic pressure to the said punching head part 2, and the said punching head part 2 and the pneumatic cylinder 27 are mounted. (20), the pipe support device 70 for supporting the perforated metal pipe 100 with a long length to the perforated head portion (2);
An apparatus table 3 supporting the perforated head portion 2 and the compressor portion 4 to a predetermined height was formed as follows.
The main unit stage 3-1 was formed in the shape / shape of a rectangular parallelepiped, and the control unit 5 was installed on one side thereof, and the auxiliary unit stage 3-2 was installed on one side of the main unit stage 3-1. The main legs (3-1) and the auxiliary equipment stand by installing a support leg (6) to adjust the height on the bottom edge of the main unit (3-1) and the auxiliary device (3-2) (3-2) was made to be kept parallel.
The control part 5 is installed in the front of the main apparatus stand 3-1 as illustrated in FIG. 2A.
The control unit 5, the main switch (SW1) for supplying power to the metal pipe punching device (1), the automatic / manual selection switch for automatically or manually operating the metal pipe punching device (SW2) Manual lift switch (SW6) for manually raising the upper pressure block (30) including a secondary ON switch (SW3) and a secondary OFF switch (SW4), a rising pressure die (36) for turning the secondary ON and OFF ), A manual lift switch (SW7) for manually lowering the upper pressure block (30) including the rising pressure die (36), and a power lamp notifying that the power is supplied to the metal pipe drilling apparatus (1). LAMP) and an emergency switch (SW8) for emergencyly stopping the operation of the metal pipe punching device (1).
The c-shaped support frame 20, which is mounted on the upper side of the main unit stand 3-1, is provided with a perforated head 2 for perforating a pipe.
The upper and lower portions of the upper portion 22 and the lower portion 24 are formed side by side with a pair of c-shaped supports 21 formed side by side in the upper and lower sides of the middle portion 23 and the side of the upper portion 22 of the c-shaped supports 21. Between and between the lower end 24 and the upper plate (25-1) and the lower plate (25-2) respectively connected integrally, the upper plate (25-1) and the lower plate ( The intermediate space portion 20-1 is formed between 25-2).
The pneumatic cylinder 27 is inverted and installed on an upper surface of the top plate 25-1 forming the c-shaped support frame 20, and the cylinder rod 27-1 of the pneumatic cylinder 27 is the top plate 25. -1) was allowed to protrude downward.
In the c-shaped support frame 20 installed on the upper surface of the apparatus 3, the c-shaped support frame 20 detects the vertical operation of the upper pressure block 30 including the upper pressure die 36. The means were installed.
The vertical actuation detecting means installed on the c-shaped support frame 20 to sense the vertical actuation of the upper pressing block 30 including the upper pressing die 36; On the outer surface of one side c-shaped support 21 in a pair of c-shaped support 21, the sensor mounting bracket 60 was installed vertically by the bracket 63; The sensor mounting table 60 detects when the first sensor 61 and the upper pressure die 36 that detect when the upper pressing die 36 of the perforated head portion 2 is upward or downward. The second sensor 62 is mounted up and down so that the upper and lower operations of the upper pressing die 36, that is, the upper and lower operations of the upper pressing block 30 including the upper pressing die 36, can be sensed (monitored). .
The perforated head portion 2 is mounted to the intermediate space portion 20-1 forming the c-shaped support frame 20, and the perforated head portion 2 has a lower plate (as illustrated in FIGS. 4 to 5b). 25-2) was installed on the upper side of the lower support plate 26 placed on the upper side, and formed as follows.
The upper pressing die 36 and the lower support die 43 are formed in a square (square or rectangular) up and down, each of the corners of the upper pressing die 36, the pressure guide hole 37 is drilled to communicate up and down The joining guide bars 44 into which the pressure springs 45 are fitted are installed vertically at the top edges of the bottom support plate 43, respectively. The upper end of 44 was inserted into each of the pressure guide holes 37 of the upper pressure die 36.
The upper block 35 is fixed to the center of the bottom surface of the upper pressing die 36, and the upper pressing block 30 having the punching guide hole 32 drilled up and down at the corners at the lower side of the upper block 35 to the lower side. It is installed elastically, but each of the punching guide bar (33) fitted with a punching spring 34 is installed on the bottom edge of the upper block 35, each of the punching guide bar 33 installed on the corner of the upper block (35) Lower ends were inserted into punching guide holes 32 of the upper pressing block 30, respectively.
The punch 28 is fixed downward in the center of the bottom surface of the upper block 35, and the punch 28 is drilled in the center of the pipe upper pressure groove 31 formed in the upper pressure block 35 so as to communicate vertically. The upper side of the pipe upper pressing groove 31 to form a large hole in the center of the punching guide upper block (35-1) with a bolt and the punching guide upper block (35-1) punch 28 The lower part of the was inserted.
On the upper surface of the lower support die 43, a lower support block 40 having a punching inlet hole 42 formed at each corner was mounted.
In particular, the upper center of the upper pressure block 30 and the upper center of the lower support block 40, the length of the length so as to communicate with the left and right in the cross-sectional view of the semi-circular pipe upper pressure groove 31 and the pipe lower support groove 41 ) Are formed to face each other.
In the lower support block 40 mounted on the upper surface of the lower support die 43, the upper side of the lower support groove 41 inside the pipe to support the inside of the metal pipe 100 is placed in the lower support groove 41 The master installed a pipe inner support.
The pipe inner surface support device, a pipe insertion bracket (50) in which a cylindrical shape is formed inside the lower support groove (41), the bottom surface is cut, and the punching hole (52) is vertically communicated with each other. One end of the insertion bracket 50 is horizontally connected to the pipe coupling rod 75 installed in the pipe support device 70 using a connecting bracket 57 to connect the long metal pipe 100 to the pipe insertion bracket 50. ) And the pipe insertion support 58 to be inserted (fitted) to the outside of the pipe insertion supporter 50 and the metal pipe 100 inserted into the outside of the pipe insertion support 58 through the pipe insertion support (50). 70).
Particularly, the punching guide 52 drilled in the center of the pipe inserting tool 50 is coupled to the lower block 53 of the punching guide so as to be supported by the support block 51 and fixed with a bolt 54, and the punching guide. The lower block 53 is inserted into the upper guide block 35-1 of the punching guide of the upper pressing block 30 so that the front end (lower end) of the punch 28 moving up and down is inserted.
In addition, the outer peripheral side of the pipe insertion bracket 50 is installed on the outer periphery of the pipe insertion bracket 50 by installing one or more ballistic support balls 56 which are shot outwardly by springs (not specifically shown). The inner peripheral surface of the metal pipe 100 was to be supported.
In addition, a center setting device was installed between the upper pressure block 30 and the pipe insertion slot 50 so that the center of the punch 28 and the punching hole 52 can be accurately aligned. It was formed (constructed) as follows.
Center setting bar mounting holes 39 and both ends of the upper end of the upper block 35 in the longitudinal direction of the pipe upper pressing groove 31 formed on the bottom surface of the upper pressure block 30 and both ends of the upper surface of the pipe insertion fitting 50. Center setting holes 31-1 and 55 were drilled on the same vertical line, respectively, and centered from the lower side of the upper pressurizing groove 31 to the center setting bar installation hole 39 through the center setting hole 31-1. Inserting the setting rod 38, the center of the pipe inserted into the center setting hole (31-1) by screwing the fixing bolt (38-1) to the upper pressure block (30) from the upper side of the pipe upper pressure groove (31) The lower end of the setting rod 38 was to be fixed.
An ordinary compressor 10 is provided as a compressor unit 4 on the upper side of the auxiliary apparatus table 3-2 so that compressed air can be supplied to the pneumatic cylinder 27 by the air pipe 27-1.
As described above, the pipe support device 70 installed on the side of the metal pipe drilling apparatus 1 and supporting the metal pipe 100 inserted into the pipe insertion fitting 50 is supported as illustrated in FIG. 8.
A pedestal 71 supported by a support leg 73 is installed on the device table 3 forming the metal pipe drilling apparatus 1, and the pedestal 71 has a plurality of support rollers 72 at regular intervals. To install and support the metal pipe 100, the pipe insertion rod 75, one end of which is connected to the pipe inserting tool 50, is inserted into the pipe by the mounting piece 76 on the upper side of the support roller 72. It was installed to maintain the level with the bracket (50).
In particular, the pipe coupling rod 75 is provided with a stopper 77 is provided with a fixed bolt handle 78, the stopper 77 is moved to the pipe coupling rod 75 through the pipe insertion slot (50) Metal pipes 100 of the same length to be fitted (combined) are coupled (inserted) by a predetermined depth.
6, 7a and 7b are cross-sectional views showing another embodiment of the metal pipe drilling apparatus 1 according to the present invention.
In forming the perforated head portion 2 of the metal pipe punching apparatus 1 according to the present invention, the center of the bottom surface of the upper pressing block 30-1 installed on the upper block 35 of the upper pressing die 36 and the In the center of the upper surface of the lower support block 40-1 installed in the lower support die 43, the upper pressure block 30-1 and the pipe lower support groove 41-1 formed to communicate left and right are formed to face each other, The pipe lower support groove 41-1 was formed into a square (square or rectangle) as viewed in cross section, and the pipe inserting bracket 50 was formed into a rectangle as viewed in cross section and formed as a square pipe insert fitting 51-1. .
Coupling the square metal pipe 101 formed in a square (square or rectangle) to the square pipe insertion bracket 50-1 and crimped with an upper pressure block 30-1 and a square pipe lower support groove (41-1). The punching is performed, and other devices are formed in the same manner as the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 1 to 5, and thus, a detailed description thereof will be omitted.
Hereinafter, the operation relationship of the metal pipe punching device 1 according to the present invention formed as described above.
Upper pressure block (30, 30) including an upper pressure die (36) to operate the metal pipe drilling apparatus (1) according to the present invention to drill holes in the cylindrical metal pipe (100) or the square metal pipe (101) -1) will operate in the upward position.
When the main switch SW1 of the control unit 5 is turned on to supply power, the power lamp LAMP turns on to indicate that power is being input, and the air compressor 10 operates to operate the air pipe 27. Compressed air is supplied to the pneumatic cylinder 27 through -1).
If the upper pressing block (30, 30-1) including the upper pressure die (36) is downward, the manual / manual switch (SW2) is operated manually to select, and the manual lift switch (SW6) is operated (ON) To operate the pneumatic cylinder 27 in reverse, and if the pneumatic cylinder 27 is operated inversely by the operation of the manual lift switch SW6, the cylinder rod 27-1 moves upward and the upper pressure block The upper pressing die 36 on which the 30 is mounted is raised.
The pipe coupling rod through the pipe insertion slot 50 or the square pipe insertion slot 50-1 in a state where the upper pressing die 36 on which the upper pressing blocks 30 and 30-1 are mounted as described above is raised ( 75) the cylindrical metal pipe 100 or the square metal pipe 101 is inserted.
The cylindrical metal pipe 100 or the square metal pipe 101 is inserted into the pipe coupling rod 75 through the pipe insertion bracket 50 or the square pipe insertion bracket 50-1 to the pipe coupling rod 75, (77) is operated to adjust the position to keep the cylindrical metal pipe 100 or the square metal pipe 101 in an appropriate state.
When the cylindrical metal pipe 100 or the square metal pipe 101 is coupled to the pipe insert 50 or the square pipe insert 50-1 as described above, the cylindrical metal as illustrated in FIGS. 5A and 7A The bottom surface of the front end of the pipe 100 or the square metal pipe 101 maintains the state supported by the pipe lower support groove 41 or the pipe lower support groove 41.
As described above, the cylindrical metal pipe 100 or the square metal pipe 101 is coupled to the pipe insertion slot 50 or the square pipe insertion slot 50-1 to operate the automatic / manual switch SW2 to automatically operate the automatic ( AUTO), and turn on the punching switch (12).
When the perforation switch 12 is turned on, the compressed air generated from the air compressor 10 is supplied to the pneumatic cylinder 27 through the air pipe 27-1, and the cylinder rod 27-2 is lowered upward. The upper pressing blocks 30 and 30-1 including the pressing die 36 are lowered, and the upper pressing die 36 is vertically downward along the pressing guide bar 44 by winning the pressing spring 45.
When the upper pressing die 36 is vertically downward along the pressing guide bar 44 to overcome the pressing spring 45, the upper pressing blocks (30, 30-1) downward with the upper pressing die (36) is the bottom The upper surface of the lower support block (40, 40-1) provided in the lower support die 43, abuts, and the lower surface of the upper pressure block (30, 30-1) is provided on the lower support die (43) When contacted with the upper surface of the lower support block (40, 40-1), the pipe upper support groove 31 of the upper pressure block (30) (30-1) or the bottom of the tip end of the upper pressure block (30-1) is the lower pipe support The upper part of the cylindrical metal pipe 100 or the square metal pipe 101 supported by the grooves 41 and 41-1 is primarily compressed, and at this time, to the underside of the upper pressing blocks 30 and 30-1. The lower end of the protruding punching guide bar 33 is introduced into the punching inlet hole 42 of the lower support block 40, 40-1.
As described above, the upper pressing blocks 30 and 30-1 downward with the upper pressing die 36 are in contact with the upper surfaces of the lower supporting blocks 40 and 40-1 having the bottoms installed on the lower supporting dies 43. When the bottom surface of the upper pressing blocks 30 and 30-1 contacts the upper surfaces of the lower supporting blocks 40 and 40-1 installed in the lower supporting die 43, the upper pressing blocks 30 and 30-1. Cylindrical metal pipe 100 whose bottom surface of the upper end of the pipe pressurizing groove 31 or the upper pressurizing block 30-1 is supported by the pipe lower support groove 41 or the square pipe lower support groove 41-1. In the state where the upper portion of the square metal pipe 101 is primarily compressed, the upper pressing die 36 is downward by continuous operation (downward) by the downward cylinder rod 27-2.
As described above, the bottom of the upper end of the upper pressurizing block 31 or the upper pressurizing block 31-1 of the upper pressurizing block 30 and 30-1 is the pipe lower supporting groove 41 or the square pipe lower supporting groove 41. The upper pressing die 36 is continuously operated by the cylinder rod 27-2 downwardly pressed in the state where the upper portion of the cylindrical metal pipe 100 or the square metal pipe 101 supported by -1) is primarily compressed. When operated (downward), the upper block 35 moves downward while compressing the punch spring 34 together with the upper pressing die 36 that compresses the pressing spring 45 downward, and the upper block 35 punches. When the spring 34 is pressed downward, the punch 28 formed in the center of the bottom surface of the upper block 35 and fitted into the punching guide upper block 35 of the upper pressing block 30 is also downward.
As illustrated in FIGS. 5B and 7B, the pipe 28 pressurizing groove 31 of the upper pressurizing blocks 30 and 30-1 while the punch 28 moves downward together with the upper pressurizing blocks 30 and 30-1. Cylindrical metal pipe 100 supported by the pipe lower support groove 41 or the square pipe lower support groove 41-1 of the square pipe upper pressure groove 41-1 and the lower support blocks 40 and 40-1. Alternatively, a hole is formed in the upper portion of the square metal pipe 101, and is inserted into the punching hole 52 of the pipe insertion slot 50.
As described above, after the hole is formed in the upper portion of the cylindrical metal pipe 100 or the square metal pipe 101, the pneumatic cylinder 27 is reversed to raise the cylinder rod 27-2, and the cylinder rod 27 When the -2) rises, the upper pressing blocks 30 and 30-1 rise together with the upper pressing die 36 to release the pressurized state of the cylindrical metal pipe 100 or the square metal pipe 101.
As described above, the pressurized state is released, and the front end of the cylindrical metal pipe 100 or the square metal pipe 101 exposed to the front surface of the lower support blocks 40 and 40-1 is gripped and drawn out by a predetermined length.
As described above, in the state of gripping the tip of the cylindrical metal pipe 100 or the square metal pipe 101 and drawing it out by the set length, the punching switch 12 is touched again to perform the perforation process. The same process is repeatedly performed while maintaining the holes on the upper surface of the metal pipe 100 or the square metal pipe 101 at regular intervals.
Although the present invention has been described in detail only with respect to the specific embodiments described, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various modifications and changes can be made within the technical scope of the present invention, and such modifications and variations belong to the appended claims. something to do.
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1: Metal pipe drilling apparatus 2: Perforation head part 3: Device base
4: Compressor Part 5: Control Unit 10: Air Compressor
12: punching switch 20: c-shaped support frame 21: support
30,30-1: Upper press block 31: Pipe upper step down groove 34: Punch spring
35: Upper block 40,40-1: Lower support block 41,41-1: Pipe lower support groove
43: lower support die 45: pressure spring 50: pipe insertion bracket
52: punching hole 70: pipe support device 75: pipe coupling rod
77: stopper 100: metal pipe

Claims (10)

  1. Perforations formed on the upper surface of the lower support die to be fixedly installed, the lower support block formed so that the pipe lower support groove is open to the upper side and the upper pressure block is installed on the upper side of the lower support block and the upper pressure block formed to open the pipe downwards Head portion; In which the upper pressure block of the perforated head portion is raised and lowered by a cylinder while pressing the upper surface of the pipe placed in the pipe lower support groove of the lower support die by the upper pressure block, and simultaneously punching a hole by a punch;
    A device base having a plurality of support legs installed at a bottom thereof, and having a control unit installed at one side thereof;
    The c-shaped support frame is installed on the upper surface of the device, the pair of c-shaped support spaced apart side by side installed and the upper and lower ends of the c-shaped support integrally formed by the top plate and the bottom plate;
    A perforating head portion installed in the middle of the c-shaped support frame to perforate a metal pipe;
    A perforation head installed in an intermediate space of the c-shaped support frame;
    A pneumatic cylinder installed inverted on an upper side of the c-shaped support frame;
    And an air compressor for supplying compressed air to the pneumatic cylinder to operate the pneumatic cylinder on one side of the device stage.
  2. The method according to claim 1, c-shaped support frame is installed on the upper surface of the apparatus stand;
    The upper and lower sides of the middle portion is provided with a pair of c-shaped support formed side by side in parallel to each other, and between the upper and lower portions of the parallel c-shaped support between the upper and lower plates, respectively integrally connected, An intermediate space portion is formed between the plate and the bottom plate;
    The upper surface of the upper plate forming the c-shaped support frame is installed by inverting the pneumatic cylinder, the cylinder rod of the pneumatic cylinder through the top plate to protrude to the lower side; characterized in that the hole drilling apparatus for the metal pipe.
  3. According to claim 1, Perforated head portion provided in the intermediate space portion of the c-shaped support frame;
    The upper pressing die and the lower support die formed in a square is installed up and down, each of the corners of the upper pressing die and the pressure guide hole to be communicated up and down, and the upper side of the lower support plate, the joining guide bar fitted with the pressing spring vertically Respectively installed by inserting the upper end of each joining guide bar perpendicular to the upper edge of the lower support plate into each pressing guide hole of the upper pressing die;
    The upper block is fixed to the center of the bottom of the upper pressing die, and the lower side of the upper block is installed in the lower side of the upper block block punching guide hole drilled up and down to the lower side, the punching spring is fitted in the bottom edge of the upper block Installing a punching guide bar and inserting a lower end of each punching guide bar installed at an edge of the upper block into a punching guide hole of the upper pressing block;
    Fixing the punch downward in the center of the bottom surface of the upper block, and inserting the punch in the center of the pipe upper pressing groove formed in the upper pressing block so as to communicate in a vertical direction;
    An upper support block having a lower support block having punching inlets formed at each corner thereof on an upper surface of the lower support die;
    A pipe upper pressing groove and a pipe lower supporting groove formed to face each other at a center of a bottom surface of the upper pressing block and a top surface of the lower supporting block to face each other;
    In the lower support block mounted on the upper surface of the lower support die, a pipe inner surface support device for supporting the inside of the metal pipe which is placed in the lower support groove pipe is installed inside the pipe lower support groove; Hole punching device.
  4. 4. The method according to claim 3, further comprising: in a hole drilled in the center of the pipe upper pressing groove;
    A hole in the upper pressure groove of the pipe to replace and mount a punching guide upper block;
    And inserting a lower end of the punch into the upper block of the punching guide. 2.
  5. The pipe inner support device according to claim 3, further comprising: a pipe inner support device installed inside the pipe lower support groove in the lower support block mounted on the upper surface of the lower support die to support the inside of the metal pipe placed in the pipe lower support groove;
    A pipe insertion bracket having a cylindrical shape, a bottom surface thereof cut out, and a punching hole in the center of the pipe lower support groove, the upper and lower holes being in communication with each other;
    One end of the pipe insertion bracket is connected to the pipe coupling rods installed in the pipe support device horizontally using a connecting bracket to insert the metal pipe outside the pipe insertion bracket and the pipe insertion support;
    A metal pipe inserted into the outside of the pipe insertion support through the pipe insertion bracket is supported by a pipe support device;
    Drilling a punching hole in the center of the pipe inserting tool, and inserting a lower end of the punch into the punching hole;
    Installing one or more ballistic support balls which are elastically outwardly by springs on both sides of the outer circumference of the pipe insertion bracket to support the inner circumferential surface of the metal pipe inserted into the outer circumference of the pipe insertion bracket;
    And a center setting device installed between the upper pressure block and the pipe insertion slot so as to accurately align the center of the punch and the punching hole. 2.
  6. The punching hole of claim 5, further comprising: a punching hole drilled in the center of the pipe insertion slot;
    The punching hole is to replace the punching guide lower block supported by the support block to be coupled to replace;
    The punching guide lower block is inserted into the punching guide upper block of the upper pressure block so that the leading end (lower end) of the punch to move up and down to be inserted and inserted; hole drilling device for a metal pipe.
  7. The center setting apparatus of claim 5, wherein the center setting device is provided between the upper pressure block and the pipe insertion slot to align the center of the punch and the punching hole;
    A center setting bar installation hole and a center setting hole were drilled on the same vertical line at both ends of the upper pressure groove formed in the upper end of the upper block and at both ends of the upper pressure groove in the longitudinal direction of the pipe inserting tool;
    A center setting rod can be inserted from the lower side of the pipe upper pressure groove to the center setting bar installation hole through the center setting hole;
    And fixing the lower end of the center setting rod inserted into the center setting hole by screwing a fixing bolt to the upper pressure block at an upper side of the upper pressure pressing groove of the pipe. 2.
  8. The pipe support apparatus of claim 5, wherein the pipe support apparatus supports and supports the metal pipe inserted into the pipe insertion support outside the pipe insertion support;
    An apparatus for forming a metal pipe cutter is provided with a pedestal supported by a support leg;
    The pedestal is provided with a plurality of support rollers at regular intervals to support the metal pipe to support;
    An upper side of the support roller provided with a pipe coupling rod, one end of which is connected to the pipe insertion bracket, in a horizontal state with the pipe insertion bracket by a mounting piece;
    And a stopper provided with a fixed bolt handle to control the insertion degree of the metal pipe fitted to the pipe coupling rod through the pipe insertion bracket. 2.
  9. The pipe upper pressing groove and the pipe lower supporting groove which are formed to face the center of the lower surface of the upper pressure block and the upper surface of the lower support die;
    Perforated device for metal pipes, characterized in that semi-circular or rectangular in cross section.
  10. According to claim 2, Up and down operation detection means of the upper pressing block including the upper pressing die is installed on the c-shaped support frame;
    Mounting the sensor mounting bracket vertically on the outer surface of one c-shaped support;
    The sensor mounting unit is to mount the first sensor and the second sensor for detecting when the upper pressure die of the perforated head portion is lowered upward and downward to detect the vertical operation of the upper pressure block including the upper pressure die; Hole punching device for a metal pipe, characterized in that.
KR1020100130293A 2010-12-17 2010-12-17 A Hole Punching Apparatus for Metal Pipe KR101311314B1 (en)

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CN103480720A (en) * 2013-05-31 2014-01-01 谢佰龙 Manual stainless steel punching machine
CN105290199A (en) * 2015-11-03 2016-02-03 宁波宏协承汽车部件有限公司 Fixed-length cutting-off equipment capable of adjusting cutting-off angle in multiple directions
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CN108515107A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-09-11 宁波海蔓汽车科技有限公司 Adjustable type presses hole equipment
CN108582241A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-09-28 芜湖君如保温材料有限公司 A kind of polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating pipe outer tube spacing drilling equipment
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CN103480720A (en) * 2013-05-31 2014-01-01 谢佰龙 Manual stainless steel punching machine
CN103302171A (en) * 2013-06-08 2013-09-18 何祺晃 Blank pipe fitting lateral surface punching die
CN105290199A (en) * 2015-11-03 2016-02-03 宁波宏协承汽车部件有限公司 Fixed-length cutting-off equipment capable of adjusting cutting-off angle in multiple directions
KR20160001215U (en) * 2016-02-11 2016-04-12 유종석 Cutting apparatus
KR101672880B1 (en) 2016-04-29 2016-11-04 주식회사 유경하이테크 door lock lever punch apparatus
CN106956041A (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-07-18 张家港亿联金属科技有限公司 A kind of processing unit (plant) for automobile cooling pipe notch
CN106956041B (en) * 2017-05-12 2019-04-23 苏州润桐专利运营有限公司 A kind of processing unit (plant) for automobile cooling pipe notch
CN108515107A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-09-11 宁波海蔓汽车科技有限公司 Adjustable type presses hole equipment
CN108515107B (en) * 2018-03-21 2020-09-08 宁波海蔓汽车科技有限公司 Adjustable hole pressing equipment
CN108582241A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-09-28 芜湖君如保温材料有限公司 A kind of polyurethane foamed thermal-insulating pipe outer tube spacing drilling equipment
KR20190024912A (en) * 2019-01-02 2019-03-08 김성배 Device for forming through hole

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