KR20120052619A - Food waste treatment apparatus - Google Patents

Food waste treatment apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20120052619A
KR20120052619A KR1020100113865A KR20100113865A KR20120052619A KR 20120052619 A KR20120052619 A KR 20120052619A KR 1020100113865 A KR1020100113865 A KR 1020100113865A KR 20100113865 A KR20100113865 A KR 20100113865A KR 20120052619 A KR20120052619 A KR 20120052619A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
food waste
case
sludge
net
cutting blades
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KR1020100113865A
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Korean (ko)
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KR101305831B1 (en
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이성주
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이성주
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Priority to KR1020100113865A priority Critical patent/KR101305831B1/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D35/00Other filtering devices; Auxiliary devices for filtration; Filter housing constructions
    • B01D35/02Filters adapted for location in special places, e.g. pipe-lines, pumps, stop-cocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/22Crushing mills with screw-shaped crushing means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04BCENTRIFUGES
    • B04B1/00Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/12Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening
    • C02F11/121Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening by mechanical de-watering
    • C02F11/125Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening by mechanical de-watering using screw filters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/12Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening
    • C02F11/121Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening by mechanical de-watering
    • C02F11/127Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening by mechanical de-watering by centrifugation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C2018/2208Feed or discharge means for weblike material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/20Waste processing or separation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/52Mechanical processing of waste for the recovery of materials, e.g. crushing, shredding, separation or disassembly

Abstract

PURPOSE: A food waste disposer is provided to facilitate a maintaining process and a repairing process with respect to the apparatus by grinding, dehydrating, and sludge separating food waste based on one power source. CONSTITUTION: A plurality of cutting blades(123) with different diameters is cut introduced food waste by being arranged at both upper side and lower side of a food waste disposer(100). A dehydrating net(140) rotates and dehydrates the cut food waste. A case(110) contains the cutting blades and the dehydrating net. A motor(120) is mounted at the lower frame(111) of the case. A draining pipe(160) drains wastewater through the dehydrated net. A sludge duct(150) discharges sludge from the food waste based on the flow of air. The rotary shaft of the motor is expanded inside the case, and the cutting blades and the dehydrating net are mounted at the rotary shaft.

Description

음식물쓰레기 처리장치{Food Waste Treatment Apparatus}Food Waste Treatment Apparatus

본 발명은 음식물쓰레기를 처리하는 장치에 관한 것으로서, 특히 음식물쓰레기를 분쇄하여 수분을 탈수하고 슬러지 상태의 배출물을 별도로 분리되게 구성한 것이다.
The present invention relates to a device for treating food waste, and in particular, the food waste is dehydrated by crushing the food waste and configured to separate the discharge of the sludge state separately.

통상적으로 가정에서 발생한 음식물쓰레기를 처리함에 있어 상당한 불편함이 있다. 음식물쓰레기에는 수분이 포함되어 있어 밀폐형태로 보관하지 않을 경우 악취가 심하며 수분이 흘러 나와 주변을 지저분하게 오염시킨다. 따라서 음식물쓰레기의 발생 즉시 집 밖에 위치한 쓰레기통에 음식물쓰레기를 버리고 쓰레기통에 음식물쓰레기가 모이면 외부 청소차량이 쓰레기통에 모인 음식물쓰레기를 별도로 처리한다.Typically, there is considerable inconvenience in treating food waste generated at home. Food waste contains moisture, and if it is not stored in a sealed form, the odor is severe and water flows out and pollutes the surroundings. Therefore, as soon as the occurrence of food waste, discard the food waste in the trash bin located outside the house, and if the food waste collects in the trash bin, the outside cleaning vehicle separately handles the food waste collected in the trash bin.

이와 같이 가정에서는 음식물쓰레기가 발생할 때마다 수시로 집 밖으로 나가 음식물쓰레기를 버려야하는 불편함이 있으며, 음식물쓰레기가 모여 있는 쓰레기통 또한 악취를 피할 수 없어 쓰레기통이 위치한 근처 주민들로부터 불만이 발생하는 단점이 있다.As such, there is a disadvantage in that households have to go out of the house every time food waste occurs and throw away the food waste, and there is a disadvantage in that garbage cans gathered with food waste can also avoid odors, causing dissatisfaction from nearby residents where the garbage cans are located.

최근에는 가정 및 업소에서 발생한 음식물쓰레기를 즉시 처리하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치가 개발되어 사용되고 있으나, 구성이 복잡하고 탈수된 수분(이하 '오수'라고 함)의 처리 및 탈수된 음식물쓰레기(이하 '슬러지'라 함)의 처리가 용이하지 않아 불편하다는 단점이 있다.
Recently, a food waste treatment device has been developed and used to immediately treat food waste generated in homes and businesses. Is not easy to handle, so it is inconvenient.

본 발명은 앞에서 설명한 바와 같은 종래 기술의 문제점을 해결하기 위하여 발명된 것으로서, 투입된 음식물쓰레기를 잘게 분쇄, 탈수 및 슬러지의 분리가 한 동력원에 의해 이루어질 수 있도록 구조가 간단하고 유지 및 보수가 용이하도록 구성한 음식물쓰레기 처리장치를 제공하는 데 그 목적이 있다.
The present invention has been invented to solve the problems of the prior art as described above, and the structure is simple and easy to maintain and repair so that the input food waste can be finely crushed, dehydrated and separated by sludge The purpose is to provide a food waste treatment device.

상기와 같은 목적을 달성하기 위한 본 발명의 음식물쓰레기 처리장치는 투입된 음식물쓰레기를 단계별로 절단할 수 있게 상하로 배치된 직경이 다른 복수의 절단날들과, 복수의 절단날들에 의해 분쇄된 음식물쓰레기들을 회전시켜 탈수하는 탈수망과, 상기 절단날들과 상기 탈수망이 수용되는 케이스와, 상기 케이스의 하단 프레임에 장착되며 상기 회전축이 상기 케이스의 내부로 연장되어 상기 회전축에 상기 절단날들과 상기 탈수망이 장착된 모터와, 상기 탈수망을 통과한 오수가 배수되도록 상기 케이스에 장착된 배수관과, 상기 탈수망에서 이탈한 음식물쓰레기의 슬러지가 공기의 흐름에 의해 배출되도록 상기 케이스에 장착된 슬러지 덕트를 포함하는 것을 기술적 특징으로 한다.Food waste treatment apparatus of the present invention for achieving the above object is a plurality of cutting blades of different diameters arranged up and down so as to cut stepped food waste step-by-step, food wastes pulverized by a plurality of cutting blades Rotating dewatering net, the case that the cutting blades and the dewatering net is accommodated, and is mounted on the lower frame of the case and the rotating shaft extends into the case so that the cutting blades and the dewatering mesh on the rotating shaft A mounted motor, a drain pipe mounted to the case to drain the sewage that has passed through the dehydration net, and a sludge duct mounted to the case so that sludge of food waste separated from the dewatering net is discharged by the flow of air. It is a technical feature to do.

또한, 본 발명의 바람직한 실시예에 따르면, 상기 모터의 회전축의 상단에는 스크루가 장착되며 투입된 음식물쓰레기는 스크루의 회전에 의해 아래의 절단날들로 강제 이송된다.In addition, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a screw is mounted on the upper end of the rotating shaft of the motor and the food waste is injected into the cutting blades below by the rotation of the screw.

또한, 본 발명의 바람직한 실시예에 따르면, 상기 케이스의 상단부를 관통하는 상부 슬리브의 안쪽에 상기 스크루가 위치하며, 상기 상부 슬리브의 하단에 연결된 하부 슬리브의 안쪽에 절단날들이 위치한다.In addition, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the screw is located inside the upper sleeve passing through the upper end of the case, the cutting blades are located inside the lower sleeve connected to the lower end of the upper sleeve.

또한, 본 발명의 바람직한 실시예에 따르면, 상기 탈수망은 회전축에 고정된 바닥판과, 상기 바닥판의 가장자리에 상부로 확장되게 경사진 경사측벽을 포함하며, 상기 경사측벽에는 탈수공이 형성된다.In addition, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the dewatering net includes a bottom plate fixed to the rotating shaft, and the inclined side wall inclined to extend upwards at the edge of the bottom plate, the dehydration hole is formed in the inclined side wall.

또한, 본 발명의 바람직한 실시예에 따르면, 상기 상부 슬리브의 직경보다 상기 하부 슬리브의 직경이 더 크고, 상기 상부 슬리브의 외주면에 고정된 수평판의 저면에 하부 슬리브가 고정되며, 상기 수평판은 상기 탈수망의 상부를 덮으며, 상기 수평판의 가장자리에는 아래에서 올라오는 음식물쓰레기의 슬러지가 통과하는 홈이 형성된다.In addition, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the diameter of the lower sleeve is larger than the diameter of the upper sleeve, the lower sleeve is fixed to the bottom of the horizontal plate fixed to the outer peripheral surface of the upper sleeve, the horizontal plate is Covering the upper portion of the dehydration net, a groove is formed at the edge of the horizontal plate through which the sludge of food waste coming from below.

또한, 본 발명의 바람직한 실시예에 따르면, 상기 수평판의 홈에는 덮개가 위치하고 상기 덮개는 수평판에 힌지 결합되어 아래에서 올라오는 슬러지에 의해 개방된다.In addition, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a cover is located in the groove of the horizontal plate and the cover is hinged to the horizontal plate is opened by the sludge raised from below.

또한, 본 발명의 바람직한 실시예에 따르면, 상기 배수관은 상기 케이스의 하단 프레임에 장착되고 상기 슬러지 덕트는 상기 수평판의 레벨보다 높은 위치에 장착된다.
Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the drain pipe is mounted to the lower frame of the case and the sludge duct is mounted at a position higher than the level of the horizontal plate.

앞서 설명한 바와 같이, 본 발명의 음식물쓰레기 처리장치는 한 모터의 동력에 의해 투입된 음식물쓰레기를 잘게 분쇄하고 수분을 탈수하여 분리하며 또한 분쇄된 음식물쓰레기의 슬러지를 이송하여 별도로 보관할 수 있다는 장점이 있다. 이와 같이 본 발명의 음식물쓰레기 처리장치는 한 모터의 동력으로 작동할 수 있게 구성되어 부피가 작을 뿐만 아니라, 고장발생율이 작으며 고장이 나더라도 정비 및 관리가 용이하다는 장점이 있다.
As described above, the food waste treatment apparatus of the present invention has the advantage of finely crushing the food waste introduced by the power of a motor, separating and dehydrating water, and transporting and storing the sludge of the crushed food waste separately. As described above, the food waste treating apparatus of the present invention is configured to be operated by the power of one motor, and thus has a small volume, a small incidence of failure, and an easy maintenance and management even if a failure occurs.

도 1은 본 발명에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 단면도이고,
도 2는 도 1에 도시된 절단날의 상세도이며,
도 3은 도 1에 도시된 덮개의 작동관계를 나타낸 개념도이다.
1 is a cross-sectional view of the food waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention,
Figure 2 is a detailed view of the cutting blade shown in Figure 1,
3 is a conceptual diagram showing an operation relationship of the cover shown in FIG.

아래에서는 본 발명에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 양호한 실시예를 첨부한 도면을 참조로 하여 상세히 설명한다.Hereinafter, with reference to the accompanying drawings a preferred embodiment of the food waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention will be described in detail.

도면에서, 도 1은 본 발명에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 단면도이고, 도 2는 도 1에 도시된 절단날의 상세도이며, 도 3은 도 1에 도시된 덮개의 작동관계를 나타낸 개념도이다.In the drawings, Figure 1 is a cross-sectional view of the food waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention, Figure 2 is a detailed view of the cutting blade shown in Figure 1, Figure 3 is a conceptual diagram showing the operating relationship of the cover shown in FIG.

도 1에 도시된 바와 같이, 음식물쓰레기 처리장치(100)는 투입된 음식물쓰레기를 분쇄, 탈수 및 이송하는 동력을 발생하는 모터(120)와, 상기 모터(120)의 회전축에 장착되며 투입된 음식물쓰레기를 잘게 분쇄하는 절단날(123)들과, 상기 모터(120)의 회전축에 장착되며 절단된 음식물쓰레기를 회전하며 탈수하는 탈수망(140)과, 탈수망(140)에서 탈수된 음식물쓰레기의 슬러지가 원심력에 의해 이송되는 슬러지 덕트(150)와, 탈수망(140)에서 탈수된 오수가 배수되는 배수관(160)을 포함한다.As shown in FIG. 1, the food waste processing apparatus 100 includes a motor 120 generating power for crushing, dehydrating, and transporting the injected food waste, and mounted on a rotating shaft of the motor 120. Cutting blades 123 to be finely crushed, the dehydration net 140 is mounted on the rotating shaft of the motor 120 and rotated and dehydrated food waste, and the sludge of the food waste dewatered from the dehydration net 140 The sludge duct 150 is transferred by the centrifugal force, and the drain pipe 160 for draining the sewage dewatered from the dewatering network 140.

아래에서는 이와 같이 구성된 음식물쓰레기 처리장치에 대해 구체적으로 설명한다.Hereinafter, the food waste treatment apparatus configured as described above will be described in detail.

모터(120)는 육면체 구조를 갖는 케이스(110)의 하단 프레임(111)에 장착되며 하단 프레임(111)에 장착된 다리(113)들 안쪽에 위치한다. 모터(120)의 몸체는 하단 프레임(111)의 아래에 위치한 상태로 하단 프레임(111)에 고정되며 모터(120)의 회전축은 하단 프레임(111)을 관통해 케이스(110)의 안쪽에 위치한다.The motor 120 is mounted on the bottom frame 111 of the case 110 having a hexahedral structure and is located inside the legs 113 mounted on the bottom frame 111. The body of the motor 120 is fixed to the lower frame 111 in a state located below the lower frame 111, and the rotating shaft of the motor 120 passes through the lower frame 111 and is located inside the case 110. .

모터(120)의 회전축 상단에는 스크루(121)가 장착되고 스크루(121)의 하단에는 복수 개의 절단날(123)들이 회전 가능하게 장착되는데, 상대적으로 상부에 위치한 절단날(123)의 직경은 하부에 위치한 절단날(123)의 직경보다 작다. 또한 스크루(121)는 상부 슬리브(131)의 안쪽에 위치하고 상하로 위치한 절단날(123)들은 하부 슬리브(130)의 안쪽에 위치한다. 여기에서 상부 슬리브(131)와 하부 슬리브(130)는 케이스(110) 내에 위치한다. 구체적으로 상부 슬리브(131)는 케이스(110)의 상면을 관통해 고정되고, 상부 슬리브(131)의 하단에 하부 슬리브(130)가 연결되어 고정된다.A screw 121 is mounted on the upper end of the rotating shaft of the motor 120, and a plurality of cutting blades 123 are rotatably mounted on the lower end of the screw 121, and the diameter of the cutting blade 123 located on the upper side is lower. It is smaller than the diameter of the cutting blade 123 located in. In addition, the screw 121 is located inside the upper sleeve 131 and the cutting blades 123 positioned up and down are located inside the lower sleeve 130. Here, the upper sleeve 131 and the lower sleeve 130 are located in the case 110. Specifically, the upper sleeve 131 is fixed through the upper surface of the case 110, the lower sleeve 130 is connected to the lower end of the upper sleeve 131 is fixed.

사용자는 음식물쓰레기를 케이스(110)의 상부로 돌출된 상부 슬리브(131)를 통해 투입한다. 투입된 음식물쓰레기는 상부 슬리브(131)를 따라 아래로 내려가며 스크루(121)와 접하게 되는데, 모터(120)가 작동하여 스크루(121)가 회전하게 되면 스크루(121)는 투입된 음식물쓰레기를 아래로 강제로 내려 보내며, 스크루(121)를 통과한 음식물쓰레기는 아래에 위치한 절단날(123)과 접하여 분쇄된다. 상대적으로 상부에 위치한 절단날(123)과 하부 슬리브(130)의 내측면 사이의 간격은 하부에 위치한 절단날(123)과 하부 슬리브(130)의 내측면 사이의 간격보다 넓다. 따라서 큰 부피의 음식물쓰레기는 상부에 위치한 절단날(123)에 의해 분쇄되고 절단된 음식물쓰레기가 하부로 내려가 직경이 큰 절단날(123)에 의해 더욱 잘게 분쇄된다.The user injects food waste through the upper sleeve 131 protruding to the upper portion of the case 110. The injected food waste falls down along the upper sleeve 131 and comes into contact with the screw 121. When the motor 121 operates and the screw 121 rotates, the screw 121 forces the food waste fed down. Sending down to, the food waste passed through the screw 121 is crushed in contact with the cutting blade 123 located below. The spacing between the relatively upper cutting edge 123 and the inner side of the lower sleeve 130 is wider than the spacing between the lower cutting edge 123 and the inner side of the lower sleeve 130. Therefore, a large volume of food waste is pulverized by the cutting blade 123 located at the top, and the cut food waste is pulverized more finely by the cutting blade 123 having a larger diameter.

맨 하단에 위치한 절단날(123)에 의해 잘게 분쇄된 음식물쓰레기는 모터(120)의 회전축에 장착되어 회전하는 탈수망(140)으로 떨어진다. 탈수망(140)은 모터(120)의 회전축이 중심을 관통하여 고정된 바닥판(141)과, 상기 바닥판(141)의 가장자리에 경사지게 즉 상부로 갈수록 넓어지는 형태로 탈수공이 형성된 경사측벽(143)을 구비한다.Food waste crushed finely by the cutting blade 123 located at the bottom is mounted on the rotating shaft of the motor 120 falls to the dewatering net 140 to rotate. The dewatering net 140 has a bottom plate 141 in which a rotation axis of the motor 120 is fixed through the center, and an inclined side wall having a dehydration hole formed to be inclined to the edge of the bottom plate 141, that is, to be widened upward. 143).

따라서 절단날(123)에 의해 분쇄된 음식물쓰레기는 탈수망(140)의 바닥판(141)에 떨어지게 되고, 탈수망(140)이 회전함에 따라 음식물쓰레기는 원심력에 의해 탈수망(140)의 경사측벽(143)으로 이동한다. 음식물쓰레기가 경사측벽(143)에 계속해서 적재됨에 따라 음식물쓰레기는 경사측벽(143)을 타고 상부로 원심력에 의해 밀려 올라가게 된다. 이때 탈수망(140)이 고속으로 회전하면서 음식물쓰레기에서 수분 즉 오수가 분리되고 분리된 오수는 탈수망(140)의 탈수공을 통과해 케이스의 하단 프레임(111)으로 집수된다. 한편 하단 프레임(111)의 일측에는 배수관(160)이 연결되어 하단 프레임(111)의 상면에 집수된 오수는 배수관(160)을 통해 하수도로 배출된다. 배수관(160)을 가정 및 업소의 하수관에 연결해 둠으로써, 오수는 배수관(160)을 통해 하수도로 배수된다.Therefore, the food waste crushed by the cutting blade 123 falls on the bottom plate 141 of the dewatering net 140, and as the dewatering net 140 rotates, the food waste is inclined to the dewatering net 140 by centrifugal force. Move to sidewall 143. As the food waste continues to be loaded on the inclined side wall 143, the food waste is pushed up by the centrifugal force on the inclined side wall 143. At this time, while the dehydration net 140 rotates at high speed, water, that is, sewage is separated from the food waste, and the separated sewage passes through the dehydration hole of the dehydration net 140 and is collected into the lower frame 111 of the case. On the other hand, one side of the lower frame 111 is connected to the drain pipe 160, the sewage collected on the upper surface of the lower frame 111 is discharged into the sewer through the drain pipe (160). By connecting the drain pipe 160 to sewage pipes of homes and businesses, the sewage is drained into the sewer through the drain pipe 160.

한편, 상부 슬리브(131)보다 직경이 큰 하부 슬리브(130)를 연결할 수 있도록 상부 슬리브(131)의 외주면에는 수평판(133)이 고정되고 수평판(133)의 아래에 하부 슬리브(130)가 고정된 구조를 갖는다. 따라서 수평판(133)은 탈수망(140)의 경사측벽(143) 상부를 덮는 지점에 위치한다.Meanwhile, the horizontal plate 133 is fixed to the outer circumferential surface of the upper sleeve 131 to connect the lower sleeve 130 having a larger diameter than the upper sleeve 131, and the lower sleeve 130 is disposed below the horizontal plate 133. It has a fixed structure. Therefore, the horizontal plate 133 is located at a point covering the top of the inclined side wall 143 of the dewatering net 140.

이와 같이 구성된 수평판(133)은 탈수망(140)의 상부를 덮도록 위치하되, 원주를 따라 다수 지점에 중심부 쪽으로 개방부(135)가 형성되고, 상기 개방부(135)에 대응하여 덮개(137)가 힌지결합되어 위치한다. 따라서 탈수망(140)의 회전에 의해 경사측벽(143)을 타고 상부로 이동하는 음식물쓰레기는 수평판(133)에 접하여 더 이상 상부로 이동하지 않게 되는데, 이때 음식물쓰레기가 상부로 이동하는 힘이 덮개(137)의 자중보다 클 경우 음식물쓰레기가 덮개(137)를 열고 수평판(133) 상부로 이동하게 된다. 수평판(133) 상부로 이동한 음식물쓰레기는 모터(120)의 회전에 의해 상부로 이동하는 공기를 타고 날리게 된다. 이때 음식물쓰레기는 탈수된 상태로 무게가 감소된 상태여서 모터(120)의 원심력에 의해 케이스(110) 내부에서 유동하는 공기에 의해 날린다.The horizontal plate 133 configured as described above is positioned to cover the upper portion of the dehydration net 140, and an opening portion 135 is formed toward the center portion at a plurality of points along the circumference thereof, and a cover (eg, corresponding to the opening portion 135) is formed. 137 is hingedly positioned. Therefore, the food waste moving upward by riding the inclined side wall 143 by the rotation of the dehydration network 140 is no longer moved to the upper side in contact with the horizontal plate 133, wherein the force to move the food waste upwards If the cover 137 is larger than its own weight, the food waste is opened to the top of the horizontal plate 133 by opening the cover 137. The food waste moved to the upper portion of the horizontal plate 133 is blown off by the air moving upward by the rotation of the motor 120. At this time, the food waste is dehydrated and the weight is reduced so that it is blown by air flowing in the case 110 by the centrifugal force of the motor 120.

케이스(110)의 측부에는 슬러지 덕트(150)가 연결되며 슬러지 상태의 음식물쓰레기는 공기의 흐름에 의해 슬러지 덕트(150)를 타고 케이스(110)의 외부로 배출된다.The sludge duct 150 is connected to the side of the case 110 and the food waste in the sludge state is discharged to the outside of the case 110 by the sludge duct 150 by the flow of air.

슬러지 덕트(150)를 따라 이동한 슬러지는 슬러지 덕트(150)에 결합된 분리봉투(151)에 투입되어 적재된다.The sludge moved along the sludge duct 150 is loaded into the separation bag 151 coupled to the sludge duct 150.

이와 같이 구성된 음식물쓰레기 처리장치에 있어서, 케이스(110)의 내부에는 슬러지를 건조하기 위한 히터가 내장될 수 있으며 히터의 작동에 의해 슬러지가 건조된 상태로 슬러지 덕트(150)를 타고 분리봉투(151)에 적재될 수 있게 구성할 수 있다.In the food waste treatment apparatus configured as described above, a heater for drying the sludge may be built in the case 110 and the separation bag 151 may be mounted on the sludge duct 150 while the sludge is dried by the operation of the heater. ) Can be configured to be loaded.

한편 경사측벽(143)은 판재에 탈수공이 형성된 구조로서, 음식물쓰레기가 원심력에 의해 경사측벽(143)을 타고 상부로 용이하게 이동할 수 있도록 표면이 매끈하게 구성된다.On the other hand, the inclined side wall 143 has a structure in which dehydration holes are formed in the plate, and the surface of the inclined side wall 143 is smoothly configured so that the food waste can be easily moved upward through the inclined side wall 143 by centrifugal force.

앞서 설명한 본 발명에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치(100)는 탈수망(140)이 모터(120)에 의해 회전하는 것으로 설명하고 있으나, 경우에 따라서는 탈수망(140)이 케이스(110)의 내측에 고정된 상태로 음식물쓰레기 슬러지가 모터(120)의 원심력에 의해 회전하면서 탈수망(140)의 경사측벽(143)을 타고 상승하도록 구성할 수도 있다. 또한 상기 케이스(110)의 내부에는 수평판(133)의 상면에 송풍기(153)가 설치된다. 송풍기(153)는 덮개(137)를 열고 올라온 슬러지가 슬러지 덕트(150) 쪽으로 날아가도록 송풍한다.Food waste treatment apparatus 100 according to the present invention described above has been described as the dehydration net 140 is rotated by the motor 120, in some cases, the dehydration net 140 in the case 110 The food waste sludge in the fixed state may be configured to rise on the inclined side wall 143 of the dewatering network 140 while rotating by the centrifugal force of the motor 120. In addition, the blower 153 is installed on the upper surface of the horizontal plate 133 inside the case 110. The blower 153 opens the cover 137 and blows up the sludge up to the sludge duct 150.

100 : 음식물쓰레기 처리장치
110 : 케이스
111 : 하단 프레임
113 : 다리
120 : 모터
121 : 스크루
123 : 절단날
130 : 하부 슬리브
131 : 상부 슬리브
133 : 수평판
135 : 개방부
137 : 덮개
140 : 탈수망
141 : 바닥판
143 : 경사측벽
150 : 슬러지 덕트
151 : 분리봉투
153 : 송풍기
160 : 배수관
100: food waste processing device
110: case
111: bottom frame
113: leg
120: motor
121: screw
123: cutting blade
130: lower sleeve
131: upper sleeve
133: horizontal plate
135: opening
137: cover
140: dehydration net
141: bottom plate
143: inclined side wall
150: sludge duct
151: separation bag
153: blower
160: drain pipe

Claims (8)

투입된 음식물쓰레기를 단계별로 절단할 수 있게 상하로 배치된 직경이 다른 복수의 절단날들과,
복수의 절단날들에 의해 분쇄된 음식물쓰레기들을 회전시켜 탈수하는 탈수망과,
상기 절단날들과 상기 탈수망이 수용되는 케이스와,
상기 케이스의 하단 프레임에 장착되며 상기 회전축이 상기 케이스의 내부로 연장되어 상기 회전축에 상기 절단날들과 상기 탈수망이 장착된 모터와,
상기 탈수망을 통과한 오수가 배수되도록 상기 케이스에 장착된 배수관과,
상기 탈수망에서 이탈한 음식물쓰레기의 슬러지가 공기의 흐름에 의해 배출되도록 상기 케이스에 장착된 슬러지 덕트를 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.
A plurality of cutting blades having different diameters arranged up and down to cut stepped food waste step by step;
A dewatering net for dewatering by rotating food wastes pulverized by a plurality of cutting blades;
A case in which the cutting blades and the dehydration net are accommodated;
A motor mounted to a lower frame of the case and having the rotary shaft extended into the case to mount the cutting blades and the dehydration net on the rotary shaft;
A drain pipe mounted to the case to drain the sewage that has passed through the dewatering net;
Food waste treatment apparatus comprising a sludge duct mounted to the case so that the sludge of the food waste separated from the dewatering net is discharged by the flow of air.
제1항에 있어서,
상기 모터의 회전축의 상단에는 스크루가 장착되며 투입된 음식물쓰레기는 스크루의 회전에 의해 아래의 절단날들로 강제 이송되는 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.
The method of claim 1,
Screws are mounted on the upper end of the rotating shaft of the motor food waste processing apparatus, characterized in that the food waste is forcibly transferred to the cutting blades below by the rotation of the screw.
제1항 또는 제2항에 있어서,
상기 케이스의 상단부를 관통하는 상부 슬리브의 안쪽에 상기 스크루가 위치하며, 상기 상부 슬리브의 하단에 연결된 하부 슬리브의 안쪽에 절단날들이 위치하는 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.
The method according to claim 1 or 2,
The screw is located inside the upper sleeve penetrating the upper end of the case, the food waste processing apparatus, characterized in that the cutting blades are located inside the lower sleeve connected to the lower end of the upper sleeve.
제3항에 있어서,
상기 탈수망은 회전축에 고정된 바닥판과, 상기 바닥판의 가장자리에 상부로 확장되게 경사진 경사측벽을 포함하며, 상기 경사측벽에는 탈수공이 형성된 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.
The method of claim 3,
The dewatering net includes a bottom plate fixed to a rotating shaft, and an inclined side wall inclined to extend upwardly at an edge of the bottom plate, wherein the inclined side wall has a dewatering hole.
제4항에 있어서,
상기 상부 슬리브의 직경보다 상기 하부 슬리브의 직경이 더 크고, 상기 상부 슬리브의 외주면에 고정된 수평판의 저면에 하부 슬리브가 고정되며, 상기 수평판은 상기 탈수망의 상부를 덮으며, 상기 수평판의 가장자리에는 아래에서 올라오는 음식물쓰레기의 슬러지가 통과하는 홈이 형성된 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.
The method of claim 4, wherein
The diameter of the lower sleeve is larger than the diameter of the upper sleeve, the lower sleeve is fixed to the bottom of the horizontal plate fixed to the outer circumferential surface of the upper sleeve, the horizontal plate covers the top of the dewatering net, the horizontal plate Food waste treatment apparatus, characterized in that the groove is formed at the edge of the food waste sludge to pass from below.
제5항에 있어서,
상기 수평판의 홈에는 덮개가 위치하고 상기 덮개는 수평판에 힌지 결합되어 아래에서 올라오는 슬러지에 의해 개방되는 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.
The method of claim 5,
A cover is disposed in the groove of the horizontal plate, and the cover is hinged to the horizontal plate, food waste processing apparatus, characterized in that opened by the sludge coming from below.
제6항에 있어서,
상기 배수관은 상기 케이스의 하단 프레임에 장착되고 상기 슬러지 덕트는 상기 수평판의 레벨보다 높은 위치에 장착된 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.
The method of claim 6,
The waste pipe is mounted on the lower frame of the case and the sludge duct is disposed in a position higher than the level of the horizontal plate.
제1항에 있어서,
상기 케이스의 내부에는 송풍기가 장착되며, 송풍기는 슬러지가 슬러지 덕트 쪽으로 날아가도록 송풍하는 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.
The method of claim 1,
An air blower is mounted inside the case, and the blower blows the sludge to the sludge duct.
KR1020100113865A 2010-11-16 2010-11-16 Food Waste Treatment Apparatus KR101305831B1 (en)

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