KR20120020254A - Earthquake-proof mortarless interlocking modular block system and wall construction method - Google Patents

Earthquake-proof mortarless interlocking modular block system and wall construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20120020254A
KR20120020254A KR1020100083748A KR20100083748A KR20120020254A KR 20120020254 A KR20120020254 A KR 20120020254A KR 1020100083748 A KR1020100083748 A KR 1020100083748A KR 20100083748 A KR20100083748 A KR 20100083748A KR 20120020254 A KR20120020254 A KR 20120020254A
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
block
wall
shape
blocks
construction method
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KR1020100083748A
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Korean (ko)
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김여일
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김여일
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Priority to KR1020100083748A priority Critical patent/KR20120020254A/en
Publication of KR20120020254A publication Critical patent/KR20120020254A/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/92Protection against other undesired influences or dangers
    • E04B1/98Protection against other undesired influences or dangers against vibrations or shocks; against mechanical destruction, e.g. by air-raids
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/42Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities
    • E04B2/44Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position; Spacers for cavity walls
    • E04B2/46Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position; Spacers for cavity walls by interlocking of projections or inserts with indentations, e.g. of tongues, grooves, dovetails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C1/00Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0202Details of connections
    • E04B2002/0204Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0256Special features of building elements
    • E04B2002/0267Building elements with the appearance of several bricks

Abstract

The present invention relates to a seismic block system for construction and wall construction, wherein a pair of protrusions and recessed grooves are formed on the left and right sides of a block formed in a “Z” shape having two blocks joined to each other. The concave grooves and protrusions of the left and right blocks are engaged with each other to increase the coupling force between the blocks and the blocks, and the double formed blocks of the “Z” shape are interlocked with each other, and the vertical stagger is suitable for the purpose of wall installation. By providing construction methods such as stacking or horizontal staggering, it provides a strong wall with very stable and solid.
In the case of constructing the wall with the block of the present invention, since strong binding is made between the block and the block as well as the left and right sides, there is no need to combine using a separate mortar or wire mesh, so that the wall construction is simple. As possible, installation and installation methods are very easy, and construction materials and construction costs can be reduced, and the work speed can be greatly increased by eliminating the following work processes such as jointing, thus reducing the overall air. Efficiency and economics can be maximized, and the type of block is simply composed of two types of basic block 10 having a "Z" shape and an auxiliary block 20 for finishing a "A" shape, and thus cost of manufacturing equipment. This low cost and mass production is possible, minimizing the cost of manufacturing and dissemination.

Description

EARTHQUAKE-PROOF MORTARLESS INTERLOCKING MODULAR BLOCK SYSTEM AND WALL CONSTRUCTION METHOD}

The present invention relates to a seismic non-tartar prefabricated block system for building and wall construction method, the overall appearance is a block formed in the form of a "Z" shape of the two blocks are combined with each other, one pair of protrusions on the left and right sides of the block and The concave groove is formed so that the concave groove and the protrusion of the block installed on the left and right sides of the block are coupled to each other, and the blocks formed in the shape of “Z” are interlocked with each other across the front and rear of the wall. When placed, the strong coupling is made, and also by providing a stacking method by changing the binding direction of the block to the corner or branched portion of the wall to strengthen the bonding force between the wall and the wall, simply assembling the block of the present invention without using mortar The wall is installed in a sudden external wind such as a strong wind or an earthquake. It provides a seismic mortar-free prefabricated block system and wall construction method that have characteristics that are configured to be kept very stable against environmental changes.

So far, not only in Korea but also in the world, the impact of earthquakes on the design of buildings and structures has been designed and constructed without much consideration. However, in recent years, earthquake resistance of buildings and structures is emerging due to earthquakes. In addition, Korea's design standards require earthquake resistance for certain structures.

The wall according to the prior art has a smooth surface and comprises a block composed of a rectangular parallelepiped. Stacking these blocks in zigzag multistage and filling them with cement mortar, etc., in order to join each block.

Both ends of the wall thus joined are joined by an adhesive force of cement mortar to the column.

In the case of the conventional wall configured as described above, the blocks are supported only by the adhesion force of cement mortar, so that the joint surface of the block and the concrete has a weak point against shear stress and bending tensile stress.

In addition, when the walls are arranged in two rows, when the bending moment acts on the wall, the shear stress acts between the front row and the back row, and the concrete is a material vulnerable to the shear, so that the front row and the back row are easily separated. Therefore, when an earthquake occurs, horizontal vibration and vertical vibration are generated by the earthquake wave, and the wall according to the prior art is easy to separate the blocks between each layer and each column of the wall by the horizontal vibration, It was easy to be separated from the concrete, and there was a problem of being easily destroyed.

In the prior art, since the wall is coupled only by the pillar and the cement mortar, the side surface of the wall is easily separated from the pillar.

In addition, when constructing walls using conventional cement blocks, wire mesh or mortar work must be performed, and careful attention and considerable technology are required to prevent protruding or recessed parts from forming up and down and left and right blocks. This is because it is difficult for the general public to perform such work through professional technicians, which increases the labor and material costs.

In addition, since there are work processes that hinder rapid construction, such as maltar work and joint work, which is a post-installation work, it is difficult to shorten the overall air because it is difficult to improve the work speed, which causes a problem of greatly reducing work efficiency and economic efficiency. there was.

Therefore, the present invention has been made to solve the conventional problems as described above,

It is an object of the present invention to form a structural engagement between the blocks, without the use of cement mortar for bonding and binding between the blocks, the installation of a simple assembly method using its own binding structure between the blocks, strong winds It is to provide a structure of a seismic block that can withstand a strong physical external force such as a shock or an impact.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a structure of a seismic wall that can effectively resist the shear stress caused by the step caused by the earthquake or the like.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide a more robust seismic wall structure by allowing structural engagement between the wall and the wall or between the wall and the pillar supporting the wall.

The overall shape of the block is formed in a "Z" shape in which the two blocks are staggered and merged into one, and a pair of protrusions and recessed grooves are formed on the left and right sides of the block, respectively. The concave grooves and the protrusions are configured to be coupled to each other, and the blocks formed in the shape of “Z” are combined while being interlocked with each other across the front and rear of the wall, thereby suddenly causing a strong wind or an earthquake. It provides a seismic mortar-free prefabricated block system and construction method which are configured to be very stable even in the external environment change.

In addition to the vertical, left, right, and right side coupling between the blocks, the block itself is formed of a structure that strengthens the front and rear sides of the block itself. It is possible to install a strong wall that can cope with the shearing force and tensile force which is very effective.In addition, it is possible to install only two types of members that make up the wall. Large, structural interlocking blocks are formed, and the flatness of blocks is maintained by itself, and there is no need for jointing or jointing between blocks using cement mortar, which does not require professional technicians and the construction period is much shorter. There is this.

In addition, the wall constructed by this block is installed as a prefabricated bar, it can be dismantled and recycled if necessary, which contributes to the protection of nature by reducing waste.

1 is a perspective view showing a basic block set of the present invention
2 is a perspective view showing an example of a half block and a wide block set of the present invention;
3 is a perspective view showing an example of a large block set of the present invention;
Figure 4 is a perspective view showing an example of the longitudinal groove block set of the present invention
Figure 5 is a plan view showing an example of the coupling state and the hollow portion formation of the basic block set of the present invention
Figure 6 is a perspective view showing an example of wall construction using the basic block set of the present invention
7 is a plan view showing an example of the installation method and procedure for the wall construction of FIG.
8 is a perspective view showing an example of vertical parallel stacking wall construction using the basic block set of the present invention
9 is a perspective view showing an example of vertical staggered wall construction using the basic block set and the half basic block 30 of the present invention.
10 is a perspective view showing an example of the vertical staggered wall construction method of FIG.
11 is a perspective view showing an example of horizontal staggered wall construction using the basic block set and the wide auxiliary block 35 of the present invention.
12 is a perspective view showing an example of the horizontal staggered wall construction method of FIG.
Figure 13 is a perspective view showing an example of the vertical parallel stacking wall construction using the vertical groove block set of the present invention
14 is a perspective view showing an example of installing a window frame on a wall using the basic block set of the present invention
15 is a plan view showing an example of a method and procedure for installing a square fence wall using the basic block set of the present invention.
Figure 16 is a perspective view showing an example of the reinforcement of the middle pillar of the wall applying the comb stacking construction method plus one line when constructing the wall using the basic block set of the present invention
FIG. 17 is a plan view illustrating an example of a method of installing a middle pillar reinforcement wall of FIG. 16.
18 is a plan view showing an example of the column reinforcement construction method and procedure of the wall corner portion;
Fig. 19 is a plan view showing an example of staggered construction methods and procedures of wall corner portions formed in double;
20 is a plan view illustrating an example of a method and procedure for wrapping an H-beam column at a corner of a wall;
Figure 21 is a perspective view showing an example of stair construction using the basic block set of the present invention

When described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings the technical contents of the present invention.

1 is a perspective view showing a basic block set of the present invention, which shows the basic block 10 and the auxiliary block 20 which are the most basic elements of the construction of the inner and outer walls, the basic block 10 is the overall external shape The two blocks are alternately formed to form a "Z" shape of a shape that is merged into one, and the rear surface 14 and the front surface 15 are formed in a square plane shape, and the left side projection 16 and the left yaw on the left side thereof. The mouth 17 is formed, and the right side 18 and the right protrusion 19 having the same shape and size as the left side are also formed on the right side, so that the protrusions formed on the left and right sides of the basic block 10 itself during wall construction. And the concave and indents are combined with the blocks placed on the left and right sides, so that the two blocks are not only very resistant to the force applied to the front and rear even if they are installed without the use of a separate cement mortar. Combined in the form of a "Z" shape, the conventional blocks are very vulnerable to horizontal lateral forces caused by sudden strong winds or earthquakes, because the front and back rows are separated from each other even if the wall is double construction. Although the wall constructed using the block of the present invention has a stable structure that is combined with the left and right blocks in a state where the front row and the rear row are already combined, a very strong wall by increasing the resistance strength against the shear stress of the wall To provide.

In addition, the auxiliary block 20 is a block used for a corner portion which is bent at right angles or a branch where a “T” or “+” shape is formed, and the left protrusion 26 and the left recess part are formed on only one left side of the block. (27) and the right side is formed in a square plane with no projections and grooves at all, so that the lower block is positioned differently from the installation direction when the wall construction, and the wall connected at the corner formed at the corner or branch It strengthens the binding force between the walls to prevent gaps and wall tilts between the walls, and also provides a clean and flat finish without any bumps or corners.

Figure 2 is a perspective view showing a half block and a wide block set of the present invention, the half basic block 30 is a block formed by reducing the height (H) of the basic block 10 in half, perpendicular to the blocks located on the left and right When staggered walls are installed, it is used for finishing the foundation or top layer, so that the wall can be installed which has stronger holding force against the lateral force of the wall. Also, when the window or door is needed at the middle point of the wall, 60) or a block used for finishing the blocks located at the upper and lower ends of the door frame, and the wide basic block 32 is a block formed by extending the width W of the basic block 10 by about 1.5 times, and more quickly. And fast wall construction is possible.

3 is a perspective view showing an example of a large block set of the present invention, the large basic block 34 is a perspective view showing an example of a block formed by expanding the width (W) of the basic block 10 by about 1.5 times, the super-large basic The block 36 is a block which expands both the width W and the thickness T of the basic block 10 by about two times, and has a plurality of hollow portions, and is used for the low-rise walls of the high-rise building, or the retaining wall or the war zone. It is suitable as a wall block of very strong building structure such as camp barracks.

Figure 4 is a perspective view showing an example of the vertical groove block set of the present invention, the vertical groove base block 40 is a "V" shape in the middle of the rear surface 14 and the front surface 15 of the basic block 10 By forming the vertical grooves (42), (43) of the block, and by cutting off the right corners of the block edges to form the bevel surface (44), the front and rear surfaces are made of only flat surfaces without a pattern (10) In addition to the simplicity of the wall constructed by providing a grid pattern to enhance the fashion, it provides a convenient workability when you want to finish with cement mortar or other plastering material for waterproofing or insulation construction, and also inside and outside the wall Using the formed vertical groove provides very convenient to insert the pipe for water or electrical piping.

In addition, all the above-mentioned types of blocks are hollow or hollow pipes 11 and 21 in the form of circular or square pipes vertically penetrating from the upper surface 12, 22 to the lower surface 13, 23. By forming a large number of (41), (51), to reduce the weight and material cost of the block, easy handling when constructing the wall, there is a thermal barrier effect due to the formation of air layer, cement as needed in the hollow part By filling the mortar and the like, it is possible to install a more reinforced wall.

5 is a plan view showing an example of the coupling state and the hollow portion formation of the basic block set of the present invention, the projection C16 formed on the left side of the block C when looking at the coupling state between the blocks located between the block B and the block D; And the concave portion C17 are combined with the concave portion B18 and the protrusion B19 formed at the right side of the block B, respectively, and the concave portion C18 and the protrusion C19 formed at the right side of the block C are the protrusions D16 and the concave portion D17 formed at the left side of the block D, respectively. By being combined with each other, it maintains sufficient resistance against external force F1 or F2 acting on the front and back sides of block C generated by sudden strong wind or earthquake.

Also, in the hollow part, all hollow parts formed in blocks A, B, C, D, and E must have a constant size and shape, and each hollow part (e.g., b1, b2, b3 and a3) adjacent to each other when joined. And the center points of c1, c2, c3 and b4, etc.) must be arranged at the corners of the square (indicated by dotted lines), so that the positions of the blocks stacked on the upper and lower layers are changed or placed in different directions by 90 degrees. Even in the case, the hollow portion of the uppermost layer block to the hollow portion of the lowermost layer block is allowed to pass through without blocking. Therefore, when reinforcement of load capacity or transverse force is needed at corner or branch of wall, after pipe construction, insert pipe such as steel or resin from hollow part of uppermost block to hollow part of lowermost block after wall construction. To allow for stronger wall installation.

Next, the construction method and embodiment of the wall using the block of the present invention are as follows.

Figure 6 is a perspective view showing an example of the construction of the wall using the basic block set of the present invention, showing an example of the construction of the wall in the form of a Chinese garden ((), that is, the wall construction of this type is possible in any form It is possible to install even wall construction.

FIG. 7 is a plan view illustrating an example of the wall construction method and the procedure of FIG. 6, in which an auxiliary block 20 having a “a” shape of a corner portion or a branch point portion of each stage is placed in an existing stage. By arranging differently at right angles to the direction of the block 20, the intersections of the wall surfaces installed perpendicular to each other are engaged with each other to maintain a strong lateral resistance.

Therefore, in the case of the wall that requires the intersection of "T" or "+" shape as well as the corner part, the wall installation is repeated by repeating the installation method from the first step to the fourth step. B by changing the position of increasing or decreasing the number of "b" shaped auxiliary blocks 20 used at the intersections, and at the same time by changing the connection direction of the blocks placed on each floor by 90 degrees, By being combined with the basic block 10 of the wall is the intersection of the wall surface is engaged with each other to maintain a stronger lateral resistance.

In the case of installing a simple rectangular wall, as shown in the plan view showing an example of the construction method and the sequence of the square fence wall of FIG. 15, only the first to second installation methods are repeatedly repeated to install the wall separately. It is possible to install a wall having a very strong transverse strength because the intersection between the wall and the wall is interlocked with each other without the use of a subsidiary material such as cement mortar.

8 is a perspective view showing an example of the vertical parallel stacking wall construction using the basic block set of the present invention, by using only two types of blocks of the basic block 10 and the auxiliary block 20, cement subsidiary materials for connection such as mortar Without use, the seismic walls with enhanced lateral force are provided by the two-coupling structure of the "Z" shape and the self-combining force between the blocks placed on the left and right sides.

9 is a perspective view showing an example of vertical staggered wall construction using the basic block set and the half basic block 30 of the present invention, by vertically staggering the vertical parallel stack shown in FIG. Increases the binding force with the upper and lower blocks, providing a wall with a stronger horizontal binding force.

10 is a perspective view illustrating an example of the vertical staggered wall construction method of FIG. 9, wherein the auxiliary block 20 is positioned at the left corner of the first stage so as to be engaged with the basic block 10 on the right, and then the half basic The block 30 and the basic block 10 are alternately arranged, and the direction in which the auxiliary block 20 located in the upper left second corner of the second layer is placed in the direction in which the auxiliary block 20 of the first stage is placed. Unlike the direction, turn 90 degrees counterclockwise to engage with the basic block 10 of the left wall, and to the right side the projection and the recessed groove of the auxiliary block 20 to the right side, and then the basic block (10) is interposed between the basic blocks 10 arranged on the first stage, and placed directly above the half basic blocks 30, and the auxiliary block 20 located on the left corner of the third stage of the upper layer is placed. The direction is that the auxiliary block 20 of the first stage Like the incense, it is to be engaged with the basic block 10 of the right wall, and sandwiched between the basic blocks 10 arranged in the upper two stages, and from the next upper four stages, the upper two stages and the upper three stages are arranged. By repeatedly performing the method, the vertical staggered wall is installed, and the blocks positioned on the left and right sides are stacked with each other, so that the left and right protrusions and the recesses of the basic block 10 are adjacent to the upper and lower blocks respectively on the left and right sides. It is distributed by half and half, and it is effective to maintain a stronger horizontal binding force.

Therefore, this vertical staggered wall construction method has a very strong horizontal binding force, which makes it suitable for wall installation such as retaining walls or inclined surfaces of incisions, and maintains good flatness due to the strong horizontal coupling force of the block itself. It can also be used as a substitute for sidewalk blocks or road pavements in India by taking advantage of features such as rainwater drainage and temporary storage, which can prevent or delay rainwater trapping due to sudden rainfall.

Figure 11 is a perspective view showing an example of the horizontal staggered wall construction using the basic block set and the large auxiliary block 35 of the present invention, it is installed in a similar form to the stagger of the conventional general block, more powerfully in a vertical earthquake, etc. Provide a wall to cope with.

12 is a perspective view illustrating an example of the horizontal staggered wall construction method of FIG. 11, wherein the auxiliary block 20 is positioned at the left corner of the first stage so as to be engaged with the basic block 10 on the right side, and then the basic block. (10) continues to be placed in combination, and the direction of placing the large sub-block 35 in the upper two-stage left corner of the upper stage is 90 in the counterclockwise direction unlike the direction in which the sub-block 20 in the first stage is placed. It is also rotated so that it engages with the basic block 10 of the left wall, and on the right side, the protrusion and the recess of the other large subsidiary block 35 are arranged to engage with the basic block 10 of the right side, and then the basic block. (10) continue to be placed in combination, the next three floors from the first stage and the second floor by repeating the horizontal stacking wall is installed by repeating the bar, the upper block is stacked with the lower block. By having In a similar form to the staggering of conventional blocks, it has the effect of increasing the strengthening of the horizontal and vertical binding force.

FIG. 13 is a perspective view showing an example of vertical parallel stacking wall construction using the vertical grooved block set according to the present invention. As illustrated in FIG. 4, FIG. 13 is located between the rear face 14 and the front face 15 of the basic block 10. Vertical grooves 42 and 43 having a "V" shape are formed, and the front and rear surfaces are planar by using a vertical groove block set formed by cutting a right corner of a block edge to form a bevel surface 44. It is effective to save the fashion by providing a distinctive grid pattern out of the simplicity of the wall constructed with the basic block (10), which is made of no pattern, and to finish with cement mortar or other plastering material for additional waterproofing or insulation construction. In addition to improving adhesion, it provides very convenient workability.

14 is a perspective view showing an example of installing the window frame on the wall using the basic block set of the present invention, the basic block to the height of the lower end of the window frame 60 to install the window frame 60 for installing the window in the middle of the wall Stacked (10) and the empty half space is finished with a half basic block 30, and stacked on the left and right sides of the window frame 60 by the height of the window frame 60 by the height of the base block 10, and then each of them an auxiliary block (20) (marked in gray) to secure the space for the window frame 60, and then insert the window frame 60 made of rectangular steel pipes or squares and fix it with the left and right walls, and then the window frame ( Like the lower end of the window frame 60, the upper end of the 60) is connected to the left and right blocks so that the finishing ends are crossed using the half basic block 30, so that the facility consisting of squares such as windows and doors is very clean and straight. We provide wall to be able to install with persimmon.

Fig. 15 is a plan view showing an example of a method and procedure for installing a square fence wall using the basic block set of the present invention. The method is used to repeatedly install only the first to second installation methods without using mortar. The intersections of the wall surfaces are interlocked with each other so that a wall having a very strong transverse force can be installed.

Figure 16 is a perspective view showing an example of the reinforcement of the middle pillar of the wall applying a comb stacking construction method plus one line when constructing the wall using the basic block 10 of the present invention, by adding a line to the required place in the middle of the wall By doing so, the effect of replacing the role of the pillar installed in the middle of a wall can be exhibited, and a more durable wall can be installed.

FIG. 17 is a plan view illustrating an example of a method of installing the middle pillar reinforcement of the wall of FIG. 16, by adding one line to a wall stacked in two or three lines as well as a wall stacked in one row, and reinforcing the role of a middle pillar. Provides a very sturdy wall that can be installed.

18 is a plan view showing an example of the column reinforcement construction method and the sequence of the wall corner portion, the first cross-lapping method is applied to the intermediate column reinforcement installation method shown in Figs. 16 and 17 above the auxiliary block at both ends of the wall ( 20) by finishing and stacking the protrusions and the concave grooves of the auxiliary block 20 located at the corners to the right and the upper side repeatedly and stacking them, and a very strong wall having the effect of reinforcing the pillars at the corners of the walls. The present invention provides a method for constructing and repeating the second cross stacking method by changing the direction of the auxiliary block 20 formed by applying the intermediate pillar reinforcement installation method similar to the first cross stacking method. By cross construction, it provides a method of constructing a very strong wall with the effect of reinforcing the column at the corner of the wall.

FIG. 19 is a plan view showing an example of a construction method and a procedure of a double wall corner portion, and similarly to the first cross-lapping method, the auxiliary blocks 20 at the corners of the wall are alternately arranged by 90 degrees. As a result, a method of constructing a more robust wall can be provided by strengthening the binding force between the wall and the wall.

FIG. 20 is a plan view showing an example of a method and procedure for wrapping an H-beam column at a corner of a wall, and engaging a pillar such as a steel structure installed in a commercial building or a high-rise apartment building with the basic block 10 or the auxiliary block 20. The present invention proposes a method of installing a reinforced load bearing column and a deteriorated wall by wrapping concrete in a stacking method and then filling concrete therein.

21 is a perspective view showing an example of the construction of the base of the staircase using the basic block set of the present invention, when installing the base of the staircase using the basic block 10 and the auxiliary block 20 of the present invention, Anyone can easily and quickly install, and since the hollow portion of the block penetrates from side to side, rainwater can be installed on the left and right sides of the stairs in rainy weather. It suggests a multipurpose block system that can be used in various fields.

This block is designed to allow anyone who is not an experienced professional skilled worker to install a very strong wall in a short period of time in a relatively easy way without the need for a separate cement mortar. Especially in disaster areas where typhoons and earthquakes occur frequently, It is suitable for wall construction of military facilities, government offices, schools, and religious facilities that require construction structures.In addition, it can be used in place of sidewalk blocks and asphalt pavements in India for its excellent binding strength and flatness by its own coupling system. As a multi-purpose block system, it is expected to contribute greatly to the development of the overall construction industry.

10: basic block 11: hollow part
12: top face 13: bottom face
14: rear side 15: front side
16: left protrusion 17: left recess
18: Uyobu 19: Uchibu
20: auxiliary block 21: hollow part
22: upper surface 23: lower surface
24: rear side 25: front side
26: left protrusion 27: left recess
28: right side
30: half basic block 31: half auxiliary block
32: wide basic block 33: wide auxiliary block
34: large basic block 35: large auxiliary block
36: extra large primary block 37: extra large secondary block
40: vertical groove basic block 41: hollow part
42,43: Groove 44: Bevel plane
50: vertical groove auxiliary block 51: hollow part
52,53: Groove 54: Bevel plane
60: window frame

Claims (5)

In the building block system,
A pair of left protrusions 16 and left recessed grooves 17 are formed on the left side of the block, and a pair of right recessed grooves 18 and right protrusions 19 having the same shape and size as the left side are formed on the right side, A basic block 10 having a shape of a “Z” shape consisting of a plurality of hollow portions 11 penetrating vertically from the upper surface 12 to the lower surface 13 of the block,
A left protrusion 26 and a left recess groove 27 having the same shape and size as the left protrusion 16 and the left recess groove 17 formed on the left side of the basic block 10 are formed on the left side of the block. The right side is formed in a flat state with no protrusions and recesses at all, and has a shape of “a” shape composed of a plurality of hollow portions 21 vertically penetrating from the upper surface 22 of the block to the lower surface 23. In constructing the wall using the auxiliary block 20 having,
It is possible to install more durable wall by simple assembly method without using connection materials such as cement mortar, and strong binding force with the left and right blocks, as well as the strong combination structure of the block's own double shape, Seismic non-tartar prefabricated block system, characterized in that the sturdy wall is configured to more stably cope with sudden external environmental changes.
The method of claim 1,
Shapes of the hollow parts are all the same cylinder or square column shape, as shown in Figure 5, when the primary block 10 and the auxiliary block 20 when the distance between the adjacent hollow parts must be equally equidistant The central part of each hollow part is formed at a vertex of a square (dotted line), so that the basic block 10 and the auxiliary block 20 are stacked on the upper and lower floors as needed when constructing a wall. A seismic non-tartar prefabricated block system, characterized in that it is configured to be penetrated without any blockage in the vertical direction from the hollow portion of the uppermost block to the hollow portion of the lowermost block even if the directions are arranged differently.
In the wall construction method,
By using the half basic block 30 and the large auxiliary block 35 together with the basic block 10 and the auxiliary block 20, by providing a construction method of vertical staggering of FIG. 10 or horizontal staggering of FIG. 12, An earthquake-resistant mortar-free prefabricated block system and wall construction method, characterized in that it is configured to strengthen the horizontal and vertical cohesion of the wall, thereby enabling more robust wall construction.
In the wall construction method,
As shown in Fig. 16 and 17, by providing a comb-lapping construction method by adding one line to the required place in the middle of the wall installed in one or two lines, the effect of replacing the role of the pillar to be installed in the middle of the wall, Seismic non-tartar prefabricated block system and wall construction method characterized in that configured to enable a solid wall construction.
In the wall construction method,
As shown in Fig. 18, by applying a comb stacking construction method by adding a line to the wall corner portion, by alternating the direction of the auxiliary block 20 by stacking each step, the role of the pillar to be installed in the wall corner Seismic non-tartar prefabricated block system and wall construction method characterized in that the replacement effect, it is configured to enable a more solid wall construction.
KR1020100083748A 2010-08-30 2010-08-30 Earthquake-proof mortarless interlocking modular block system and wall construction method KR20120020254A (en)

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CN103233543A (en) * 2013-03-06 2013-08-07 宁波北仑大港科技创新服务中心 Self-locking building-free concrete building block
CN105784404A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-07-20 徐州工程学院 Masonry false coal rock wall used for experiment of mine excavation equipment
KR20180065614A (en) 2016-12-08 2018-06-18 김종인 Earthquake-proof interlocking modular block system and contructing method
KR20190050443A (en) 2017-11-03 2019-05-13 부경대학교 산학협력단 A method of farming of sablefis through regulation of photoperiod
KR20190050435A (en) 2017-11-03 2019-05-13 부경대학교 산학협력단 A method of farming of sablefis through regulation of density
WO2019164046A1 (en) * 2018-02-26 2019-08-29 (주)장성산업 Earthquake-proof polyhedral block and earthquake-proof polyhedral block system using same
CN113027034A (en) * 2021-03-19 2021-06-25 江苏华江建设集团有限公司 Assembled building block, wall body built by applying assembled building block and method

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103233543A (en) * 2013-03-06 2013-08-07 宁波北仑大港科技创新服务中心 Self-locking building-free concrete building block
CN105784404A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-07-20 徐州工程学院 Masonry false coal rock wall used for experiment of mine excavation equipment
KR20180065614A (en) 2016-12-08 2018-06-18 김종인 Earthquake-proof interlocking modular block system and contructing method
WO2018105976A3 (en) * 2016-12-08 2018-08-02 김종인 Aseismatic block system capable of multi-sided coupling and construction method thereof
KR20190050443A (en) 2017-11-03 2019-05-13 부경대학교 산학협력단 A method of farming of sablefis through regulation of photoperiod
KR20190050435A (en) 2017-11-03 2019-05-13 부경대학교 산학협력단 A method of farming of sablefis through regulation of density
WO2019164046A1 (en) * 2018-02-26 2019-08-29 (주)장성산업 Earthquake-proof polyhedral block and earthquake-proof polyhedral block system using same
KR20190102554A (en) 2018-02-26 2019-09-04 (주)장성산업 Anti-earthquake polyhedral block and anti-earthquake polyhedral block system using the same
CN113027034A (en) * 2021-03-19 2021-06-25 江苏华江建设集团有限公司 Assembled building block, wall body built by applying assembled building block and method

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