KR20100021059A - Fermented fodder manufacture apparatus - Google Patents

Fermented fodder manufacture apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20100021059A
KR20100021059A KR1020080079763A KR20080079763A KR20100021059A KR 20100021059 A KR20100021059 A KR 20100021059A KR 1020080079763 A KR1020080079763 A KR 1020080079763A KR 20080079763 A KR20080079763 A KR 20080079763A KR 20100021059 A KR20100021059 A KR 20100021059A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
trough
tank
grinding
fermentation
grinding roller
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Application number
KR1020080079763A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
박충은
Original Assignee
박충은
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Publication date
Application filed by 박충은 filed Critical 박충은
Priority to KR1020080079763A priority Critical patent/KR20100021059A/en
Publication of KR20100021059A publication Critical patent/KR20100021059A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K5/00Feeding devices for stock or game ; Feeding wagons; Feeding stacks
    • A01K5/01Feed troughs; Feed pails
    • A01K5/0107Transportable fodder pails or troughs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N17/00Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23N17/004Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs for treating by application of heat, e.g. by means of potato cookers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N17/00Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23N17/007Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs for mixing feeding-stuff components
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F7/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders
    • B01F7/02Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis
    • B01F7/08Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis with helices or sections of helices
    • B01F7/081Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis with helices or sections of helices with at least two helices in the same receptacle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F2215/00Auxiliary or complementary information in relation with mixing
    • B01F2215/0001Field of application of the mixing device
    • B01F2215/0003Mixing or agitating manure, dung

Abstract

The present invention relates to a fermentation filtrate manufacturing apparatus, and more specifically, a nutrient and microbial fermentation agent administered together with a vegetable material made of materials such as rice straw, reeds, green barley, nacres, grass in one trough tank By mixing evenly, and finely chopped to make the fermentation process, it relates to a fermentation filtrate manufacturing apparatus for easily producing fermented feeds suitable for herbivores such as cattle, Hanwoo, horses, goats.
The present invention for this purpose in the fermentation trough feed manufacturing apparatus for grinding the trough by the grinding roller 16 in the trough tank (11), so that the trough material is administered to the input portion 13 on one side of the trough tank (11) It is provided, the grinding roller 16 in the trough tank 11 is provided to rotate by the grinding motor 21 provided to the other side of the trough tank 11, the trough is discharged to the front of the trough 11 It is characterized in that the discharge unit 14 is provided and the device controller 10 for supplying power to operate the grinding motor 21 is provided.

Description

Fermented Trough Feed Manufacturing Equipment {FERMENTED FODDER MANUFACTURE APPARATUS}
The present invention relates to a fermentation filtrate manufacturing apparatus, and more specifically, a nutrient and microbial fermentation agent administered together with a vegetable material made of materials such as rice straw, reeds, green barley, nacres, grass in one trough tank By mixing evenly, and finely chopped to make the fermentation process, it relates to a fermentation filtrate manufacturing apparatus for easily producing fermented feeds suitable for herbivores such as cattle, Hanwoo, horses, goats.
In general, herbivores such as Korean cattle, dairy cows and horses eat vegetable materials such as rice straw, nacres and grass. Most ranches are fed with specially formulated feed.
However, the price of these feeds has recently risen, increasing the burden on feed purchases by livestock farmers.
Therefore, in recent years, livestock farmers want to purchase and provide vegetable feed such as rice straw and grass again, but since general vegetable materials are not easy to be stored and are fed without considering the health condition of the livestock and the pathogen infection status, There is a problem that is not efficient management.
In particular, the conventional method of providing a vegetable feed was put in a large cauldron with trough material and bran, and steamed at a high temperature and fed to the livestock. However, such a conventional providing method has a problem that it is difficult to realize in a ranch that raises a large number of livestock because the process is complicated and has to be uncomfortable.
The present invention for solving the above problems is a nutrient and microbial fermentation agent is administered evenly and finely chopped in a single trough tank with a vegetable material such as rice straw, reeds, green barley, nai grass, grass, etc. As the fermentation process is made, the fermentation feed is suitable for herbivores such as cattle, Korean cattle, horses and goats.
In particular, it is easy to put the material of the trough into the input unit, and the finished filtrate can be easily loaded on the transport machine by the discharge unit, so that the input and discharge is easy.
In addition, since each device is made by hydraulic or pneumatic operation, the operation is easy and safe, and there are two grinding rollers to be stirred, and these two grinding rollers are rotated to collect the troughs so that the troughs are stirred without being distracted. The purpose is to.
And each grinding roller is formed with a grinding blade to finely cut the trough has the purpose of being made with the grinding action with stirring.
Furthermore, the heat medium tank and the heat medium heater bar are provided at the bottom of the trough tank to maintain the temperature suitable for the fermentation of the trough, and thus the fermentation action is maintained according to the environmental factors such as the material of the trough and the external temperature according to the season. There is a purpose to make this well.
Fermentation filtrate production apparatus according to the present invention for achieving the above object, in the fermentation trough feed manufacturing apparatus to grind the trough by the grinding roller 16 in the trough tank 11, the trough tank ( 11) The input part 13 of one side is provided so that the trough material is administered, the grinding roller 16 in the trough tank 11 is provided by the grinding motor 21 provided to the other side of the trough tank (11). It is provided to rotate, in front of the trough tank 11 is provided with a discharge portion 14 for discharging the trough, and the device controller 10 for supplying power to operate the grinding motor 21 is provided that It features.
The grinding roller 16 is arranged side by side with each other is provided with an induction grinding roller 17 and the discharge grinding roller 18 is formed with a spiral stirring blades 171, 172, 181, 182, the induction Grinding roller 16 and the discharge grinding roller 18 is provided to rotate in the opposite direction to collect the filtrate in the center, the stirring blades 171, 172, 181, 182, the grinding to cut the filtrate The blade 161 may be provided.
In addition, the trough tank (11) in front of the discharge port 111 is formed to discharge the trough, the discharge portion 14 is a sliding door (141) for opening and closing the outlet 111; Conveyor conveyor 143 for transporting the trough discharged through the discharge port 111 by the conveyor belt 142 may be included.
And a hydraulic pump 33 for pumping the hydraulic oil of the hydraulic tank 32 by the hydraulic motor 31 is supplied from the device controller 10, the hydraulic oil from the hydraulic pump 33 is provided A slide door cylinder 34 is provided to open and close the slide door 141 installed at the front of the trough tank 11, and receives hydraulic oil from the hydraulic pump 33, and the conveyor transfer table 143. Conveyor transfer table operation cylinder 35 for operating the lower side of the trough tank 11 to be rotated to be provided, is supplied with hydraulic oil from the hydraulic pump 33, to the conveyor transfer table (143) A conveyor hydraulic motor 36 for rotating the conveyor belt driving shaft 142 ′ of the installed conveyor belt 142 is provided, and receives hydraulic oil from the hydraulic pump 33, and is installed at one side of the trough tank 11. input This may be provided with a input gate cylinder 37 to be opened and closed.
Furthermore, the lower side of the trough tank 11 is provided with a heat medium tank 112 in which the heat medium is contained, and in the heat medium tank 112 on the rear surface of the trough tank 11 in which the heat medium tank 112 is located. A heater rod terminal 42 connected to the heat medium heater rod 41 is provided, and the heater wire 43 connected to the device controller 10 is connected to the heater rod terminal 42 to be connected to the heat medium tank 112. It may be provided so that electricity is supplied to the heat medium heater rod 41 therein to be heated.
The present invention provided as described above is a fermentation process while uniformly mixed, finely chopped and finely chopped and finely divided microbial fermenting agent administered with a vegetable material such as rice straw, reeds, green barley, nai grass, grass material in one trough tank By making this, there is an excellent effect to easily produce fermented feedstock suitable for herbivores such as cattle, cattle, horses, goats.
In particular, it is easy to put the material of the filtrate into the input unit, and the finished filtrate can be easily loaded on the conveying machine by the discharge unit, there is an advantage to facilitate the input and discharge.
In addition, since each device is made by hydraulic or pneumatic operation, the operation is easy and safe, and there are two grinding rollers to be stirred, and these two grinding rollers are rotated to collect the troughs so that the troughs are stirred without being distracted. There is an advantage.
And there is an advantage that the grinding roller is formed in each grinding roller to finely cut the trough, the grinding action is also performed with stirring. In addition, there is an advantage to prevent the damage to the grinding motor by the foreign matter, to prevent damage to the hydraulic motor or to prevent the device from being damaged by the heater.
Furthermore, the heat medium tank and the heat medium heater bar are provided at the bottom of the trough tank to maintain the temperature suitable for the fermentation of the trough, and thus the fermentation action is maintained according to the environmental factors such as the material of the trough and the external temperature according to the season. There is an excellent effect to make this well.
Hereinafter, described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
1 is a perspective view of the fermentation feed feed production apparatus according to the invention, Figure 2 is a perspective view of the front direction of the fermentation feed feed production apparatus according to the present invention, Figure 3 is a rear direction of the fermentation feed feed production apparatus according to the present invention 4 is a perspective view of the grinding roller of the fermentation filtrate production apparatus according to the present invention, Figure 5 is a configuration diagram according to the operation of the fermentation filtrate production apparatus according to the present invention, Figure 6 is a fermentation according to the present invention Figure 7 is a schematic diagram of the hydraulic flow of the trough feed manufacturing apparatus, Figure 7 is an illustration of the back of the fermentation trough feed manufacturing apparatus according to the invention, and Figure 8 is an electrical wiring of the fermentation trough feed manufacturing apparatus according to the present invention A schematic illustration of each is shown.
That is, the fermentation filtrate production apparatus (A) according to the present invention, as shown in Figures 1 to 8, the fermentation trough feed manufacturing is provided so that the filtrate introduced by the grinding roller 16 in the trough tank 11 is crushed It relates to the device (A).
Thus, the trough tank 11 is provided with an input part 13 to be administered with the trough material, and the trough tank 11 is provided with a discharge part 14 through which the trough is discharged. 2, the trough is introduced into the trough tank 11 through the input unit 13 provided on the right side of the trough tank 11, and then the trough chopped by the operation of the grinding roller 16 is the trough tank 11. It is discharged through the discharge portion 14 provided on the front surface.
The grinding roller 16 inside the trough tank 11 is rotated by the grinding motor 21 provided to the other side of the trough tank 11, and the power is supplied to operate the grinding motor 21. The device controller 10 for supplying is provided.
The fermentation trough feed manufacturing apparatus (A) as described above is intended to be finely chopped by administering a vegetable material such as straw, barley, reed, nacre, blue barley, grass, and the like. The manufactured trough is mainly used as food for cattle, horses, sheep, goats such as cattle, cows, etc., mainly for producing food for herbivores.
In particular, in the recent cattle breeding in the cattle farms, fermentation filtrates are used to include the nutrients necessary for the cattle, herbs such as herbal medicines, sheep medicines to raise the resistance of pests.
In other words, the fermentation filtrate is a total mixed fermentation (TMF feed), and the TMF feed is a feed required by Korean cattle for one day in consideration of fluctuation factors such as weight, age, weight gain, environment, and feed efficiency. It refers to a feed fermented and matured for a certain period of time by inoculating various types of sweet feeds, by-products and microorganisms so as to contain all nutrients such as rich feeds, vitamins, minerals and other microelements. Such TMF feed includes raw materials such as forage (blue barley, rice straw silage, naive grass, etc.), by-products (eg, almonds, rice wine, marinated gourd, walnuts, etc.), vitamins, minerals, and lactic acid bacteria (culture solution). It is manufactured through. These TMF feeds have excellent feed storage properties, no acidosis, no manure odor, and economically reducing feed prices.
There is also a total mixed feed (TMR feed), which is based on the requirements of nutrients varying by various factors, such as differences in herbivore weight, age, yield, weight gain, lactation stage, breeding relationships, and accounts. It is a feed that is prepared by administering several complex elements together to be adjusted accordingly. That is, by these factors, nutrients, such as forage, rich feed, minerals, vitamins, and other trace elements, are required to be mixed with herbivores during the day.
In particular, the fermentation filtrate manufacturing apparatus (A) of the present invention is a device for manufacturing such TMF feed or TMR feed, about 550Kg of rice straw, reed, nacre, green barley, etc., at 15 to 20 to crush and mix at a time. It takes about minutes to save time to manufacture the trough feed. Of course, the above numerical examples exemplify an embodiment, and may be appropriately determined according to various environmental conditions such as the size of the trough tank 11, the type of herbivores, and the season.
Thus, according to the fermentation filtrate manufacturing apparatus (A) according to the present invention, it is possible to configure the time switch in the controller according to a predetermined time to be operated according to the user desired time. And by grinding rice straw, reeds, green barley, nacres, grass, etc. to make herbivores such as cattle, horses and goats easy to eat, and by fermentation by administering microorganisms to produce a mature feed, saving feed costs, The quality of the cow is good and the development of the cow has the advantage of being fast and robust.
Looking at the specific configuration for the fermentation filtrate manufacturing apparatus (A) according to the present invention provided as described above are as follows.
First, look at the configuration of the split roller 16 for grinding the administered trough is provided in the trough tank (11), the grinding roller 16 is arranged side by side with each other helical stirring blades 171 (172) (181) 182 is provided with an induction grinding roller 17 and the discharge grinding roller 18, the induction grinding roller 16 and the discharge grinding roller 18 is rotated in the opposite direction to each other so that the filtrate gathers in the center It is provided so as to, the stirring blades 171, 172, 181, 182 is provided with a grinding blade 161 for cutting the filtrate.
Therefore, the trough administered by the grinding blade 161 is to be chopped finely.
In addition, the accompanying drawings illustrate two grinding rollers 16, but the present invention is not limited thereto, and a single grinding roller 16 may be provided. In addition, when the end of the stirring blade formed in the grinding roller 16 is sharply formed, since the filtrate can be cut by the stirring blade, it will not be provided with a separate grinding blade.
In addition, if the trough tank 11 is manufactured in a large size may be provided with a plurality of grinding rollers, such as three or four.
As such, it would be desirable to have two grinding rollers that are rotated to gather inside each other, as shown in the drawing. Therefore, the filtrate is not scattered continuously but gathers inward, so that the stirring and cutting action is good.
The grinding roller 16 is provided with an induction grinding roller 17 in the rear of the trough 11, the rear side of the grinding roller 16, is to be provided so that the trough is gathered to the center by the stirring blades (171, 172). .
In addition, a discharge grinding roller 18 is provided at the front side of the trough tank 11, and the finely divided troughs gathered at the center are discharged to the outside through a discharge hole 111 formed through the trough tank 11 in front and below. It is intended to be.
In particular, the stirring blades 171, 172, 181, 182 formed on the induction grinding roller 17 and the discharge grinding roller 18, which are the grinding rollers 16, are provided in a spiral form formed in different directions. 4, for example, when the inlet 13 into which the trough is inserted is located at the lower left of FIG. 4, the stirring blade 172 of the induction grinding roller 17 close to the inlet 13 is clockwise. It is formed to continue to the vicinity of the middle portion of the induction grinding roller 17 in a spiral shape to move away from the spiral. In addition, the stirring blade 171 formed past the middle portion of the induction grinding roller 17 is rotated in a counterclockwise direction opposite to the previous stirring blade 172 to form a spiral so as to move away from the induction grinding roller 17. It is formed.
Thus, when the induction grinding roller 17 is viewed from the inlet 13 side, it is rotated counterclockwise, so that the filtrate administered to the upper part of the induction grinding roller 17 is moved to the left side.
On the other hand, looking at the discharge grinding roller 18 provided in pairs with the induction grinding roller 17, the stirring blade 182 near the inlet 13 is rotated counterclockwise to move away from the spiral The discharge grinding roller 18 is formed to continue near the middle portion. In addition, the stirring blade 181 formed passing through the middle portion of the discharge grinding roller 18 is formed in the discharge grinding roller 18 in a spiral shape so as to move away in a clockwise direction opposite to the previous stirring blade 182. Will be.
Thus, when the discharge grinding roller 18 is viewed from the inlet 13 side, the discharge grinding roller 18 is rotated in the clockwise direction so that the filtrate administered to the upper discharge grinding roller 18 is moved to the right side.
As such, the discharge grinding roller 18, which is the grinding roller 16, is rotated in the clockwise direction, while the induction grinding roller 17 is rotated in the counterclockwise direction, and the filtrate administered to the upper part of the grinding roller 16 is trough. There is an advantage that is gathered to the center of the tank (11).
And stirring blades 171, 172, 181, 182 and the like provided in each of the discharge grinding roller 18 and the induction grinding roller 17 are rotated to the induction grinding roller 17 and the discharge grinding roller 18. By the trough is formed in a spiral so as to gather in the center, the trough is contacted to the inner surface of the stirring blades 171, 172, 181, 182 is pushed in the center direction.
In addition, the inner side of the stirring blades 171, 172, 181, 182 is to form a grinding blade 161 for cutting the filtrate. Of course, if the edges of the stirring blades 171, 172, 181, 182 are sharply formed as mentioned above, the trough may be finely chopped even if the grinding blade is not formed. In addition, if the grinding blade 161 is formed it will be able to more finely trough the trough.
Such a grinding blade 161 may be formed of a circular blade, it may be configured to rotate on the stirring blades 171, 172, 181, 182. On the other hand it may be provided with a blade in the form of a plate that is fixed so as not to rotate. In particular, as in the example of the figure, the grinding blade 161 may be provided rotatably in a circular, in addition, in the middle of the sharp portion of the outer periphery of the grinding blade 161, an asterisk formed with a blade groove 162 It may be formed in a shape. Thus, the trough may be prepared to be cut while being inserted into the blade groove 162 of the grinding blade 161 is rotated.
As such, the filtrate administered into the trough 11 is gathered to the center by the induction grinding roller 17 and the discharge grinding roller 18, which are the grinding rollers 16, and chopped at the same time. In other words, the ingredients are mixed evenly.
Thus evenly mixed and finely sliced trough is discharged to the outside through the outlet 111.
That is, the discharge port 111 for discharging the trough is formed in front of the trough tank (11).
In addition, the discharge portion 14 formed in front of the trough tank 11 is provided with a slide door 141 and a conveyor conveying table (143). The slide door 141 is provided so that the outlet 111 is opened and closed, the conveyor conveying table 143 is transported by the conveyor belt 142 is installed in the conveyor conveying table 143 the trough discharged through the discharge port 111 It is to be prepared. At this time, the conveyor conveyor 143 is installed to the bottom of the trough tank 11, the height of the outer end of the conveyor conveyor 143 can be adjusted according to the rotation. Thus, the finished trough is provided to be loaded on a truck, tractor, or the like. At this time, because the height of the truck, cultivator, truck trailer, and the like are different from each other, by adjusting the end height of the conveyor carriage 143 is provided so that the trough can be easily loaded.
And the conveyor belt 142 of the conveyor transfer table 143 may be provided to operate by the control of the device controller 10. That is, a conveyor motor (not shown) for rotating the conveyor belt drive shaft 142 ′ of the conveyor belt 142 may be provided, and may be operated by the power supplied from the device controller 10. In addition, the conveyor belt 142 may be provided by the conveyor hydraulic motor 36 as shown in FIGS. 2 and 6.
Furthermore, the operation of the inlet 13, the operation of the slide door 141, the up and down rotation of the conveyor transfer table 143 may also be provided to be operated by the power supplied from the device controller 10. In addition, as shown in Figures 1 to 3 and 5, 6, etc., it may be provided to operate by the hydraulic pressure supplied from the hydraulic pump 33.
When described in detail as an embodiment of such a hydraulic operation as follows.
That is, a hydraulic pump 33 is provided to allow the hydraulic oil of the hydraulic tank 32 to be pumped by the hydraulic motor 31 supplied with power from the device controller 10.
The hydraulic oil is supplied from the hydraulic pump 33, the slide door cylinder 34 to open and close the slide door 141 installed in front of the trough tank 11 may be provided. At this time, the lower side of the trough tank 11 is formed in the upper and lower narrow, when viewed from the inlet 13 side direction, the trough in the trough 11 can be provided so that the concentration concentrated in the lower grinding roller 16 will be.
Therefore, since the outer surface of the light-receiving narrow below the trough tank 11 is formed as an inclined surface, the reciprocating slide door 141 is operated in an inclined state. To this end, a support 113 protruding outward is formed at an upper portion of the trough tank 11, and one end of the slide door cylinder 34 is supported near the end of the support 113. One end of the slide 141 is coupled to the end of the piston rod, and the slide door 141 is reciprocated by the hydraulic operation to open and close the outlet 111.
And the hydraulic pump 33 is supplied with the hydraulic oil, the conveyor transport table operating cylinder 35 to be operated so that the lower side of the conveyor transfer table 143 is rotated with the lower side of the trough tank (11). . The upper end of the conveyor carrier operating cylinder 35 is fastened to the support 113, the end of the piston rod is fastened to the conveyor carrier 143, so that the conveyor can be fastened to both sides of the conveyor carrier (143) The transfer chair operating cylinder 35 may be provided in two. In addition, as shown in Figure 2, the conveyor carriage operating cylinder 35 is provided as a single, it may be provided so that the piston rod is fastened to the central portion of the rod coupling stage 144 provided across the transverse direction of the conveyor carriage (143). There will be.
In addition, the hydraulic oil is supplied from the hydraulic pump 33, the conveyor hydraulic motor 36 for rotating the conveyor belt drive shaft 142 'of the conveyor belt 142 installed on the conveyor transfer table 143 is provided.
And receiving the hydraulic oil from the hydraulic pump 33, the input door cylinder 37 for opening and closing the input door installed on one side of the trough tank 11 is provided.
The input door cylinder 37 is one side is supported by the trough tank 11, the other piston rod is provided with two input door cylinder 37 to be coupled to the edge of the input portion (13).
The operation of the slide door cylinder 34, the Kenvey transfer table operation cylinder 35, the input door cylinder 37 and the like of the fermentation trough feed manufacturing device (A) according to the present invention provided in this way, as in the illustration of the drawing Likewise, it may be provided to be operated manually by the hydraulic lever. Further, when the hydraulic controller is provided in the device controller 10, the sliding door by the operation of the member, such as the hydraulic controller (not shown) and the actuator (not shown) to receive the control signal of the device controller 10 The cylinder 34, the conveyor carrier operating cylinder 35, the conveyor hydraulic motor 36, the closing door cylinder 37 may be provided to operate.
Furthermore, another fermentation trough feed production device (A) in the present invention is to be fermented by the microbial fermentation agent administered together, while the troughs in the trough tank 11 are finely chopped and evenly mixed. In particular, in the present invention, in order to make the fermentation of the filtrate more active, a heating member (heat insulating member) may be provided at the bottom of the trough tank 11.
That is, the lower side of the trough tank 11 is provided with a heat medium tank 112 in which the heat medium is contained, and such a heat medium heater rod 41 for heating the heat medium is provided in the heat medium tank 112.
In addition, the rear side of the trough tank 11 in which the heat medium tank 112 is located, a heater rod terminal 42 connected to the heat medium heater rod 41 installed in the heat medium tank 112 is provided. The heater wire 43 connected to the 10 may be connected to the heater rod terminal 42 so that electricity is supplied to and heated by the heat medium heater rod 41 inside the heat medium tank 112.
This heat medium (熱 媒體) is to maintain the internal temperature of the trough tank (11), it is provided for warming, heating, water, mercury, oil, etc. may be used as the fluid used. However, it is possible to use commonly available heat medium to increase the effect of warming or heating.
And by the heat medium in the heat medium tank 112 to maintain a constant temperature inside the trough tank 11, for this purpose in the device controller 10 by adjusting the intensity of the current supplied to the heat medium heater rod 41, It is possible to adjust the temperature inside the trough tank 11 by the heat medium. The temperature inside the trough tank 11 is to be adjusted to suit the type and amount of the microbial fermentation agent administered with the trough and the type and amount of the trough and the change of the external temperature according to the season.
In one embodiment for the fermentation filtrate production apparatus (A) according to the present invention, the operation of the grinding motor 21, the operation of the hydraulic motor 31, the heating of the heating medium heater rod 41, etc. device controller ( 10) may be provided to control the automatic. That is, as shown in FIG. 8, the controller 101 may be provided in the apparatus controller 10, and the grinding motor 21 is processed by the grinding motor signal processor 102 receiving the control signal of the controller 101. Is operated, the hydraulic motor 31 is operated by the process of the hydraulic motor signal processing unit 103 received the control signal of the control unit 101, and the power supplied to the power supply unit 104 is supplied to the heater power supply unit ( It may be provided to supply power to the heat medium heater rod 41 through the 105. Furthermore, each electric rotation and member may be provided with an overcurrent sensor (not shown), so that the control unit 101 receiving the signal of the sensor is used as an emergency transmitter 106 such as an emergency lamp, an emergency lamp, a siren, and the like. It may be provided to transmit a signal to inform the abnormal state. 7 and 8, the size ratio of each member in the accompanying drawings is different from the ratio between the actual members, such that a member such as a specific member, a grinding motor of FIG. 7, and a heat medium heater rod of FIG. 8 is larger than other members. Shown. This is for convenience of description.
Looking at the operation of the fermentation filtrate manufacturing apparatus (A) according to the present invention provided as follows. First, as shown in FIG. 3, the input unit 13 is opened, and the microorganism fermentation agent, the nutrient and the like are stacked together with the filtrate administered to the open input unit 13.
Of course, the input unit 13 is opened by the operation of the device controller 10 and the hydraulic motor 31, in the example of the figure illustrated that the opening by the hydraulic lever. However, the present invention is not limited thereto, and the hydraulic controller and the hydraulic actuator may be provided to be operated by the control of the device controller 10. Furthermore, in addition to the hydraulic operation, it may be operated by a chain or a wire connected to a motor (not shown) installed separately, or may be operated by applying a pneumatic cylinder (not shown) and a pneumatic actuator (not shown). .
When the input unit 13 is loaded with microorganism fermenter, nutrients, etc. together with straws such as straw, reed, blue barley, nausea, grass, and the input unit 13 is closed by the operation of the hydraulic lever, the trough is opened. It is injected into the tank (11). In the device controller 10 to supply the power to the grinding motor 21 on both sides to operate the grinding motor 21. Thus, in the example of the drawing, two grinding motors 21 are provided so as to be allocated to each of the two grinding rollers 16, the induction grinding roller 17 and the discharge grinding roller 18, respectively. However, the grinding motor 21 may be provided as a single unit. As such, when the grinding motor 21 is provided as a single unit, the two induction grinding rollers 17 and the discharge grinding rollers 18 may be provided in interlocking operation so as to rotate in opposite directions by gear coupling or the like.
And the grinding motor 21 may be provided with a reduction gear for reducing the rotation speed, the grinding motor 21 may be provided as a reduction motor.
Thus, the filtrate administered by the two grinding rollers 16, the induction grinding roller 17 and the discharge grinding roller 18 by the operation of the grinding motor 21 is chopped with stirring.
In addition, as the power supplied from the device controller 10 is supplied to the heat medium heater rod 41 and is heated, the heat medium in the heat medium tank 112 formed below the trough tank 11 is heated, and the filtrate is applied to the microbial fermentation agent. It is to be fermented by.
Therefore, the trough in the trough tank 11 is mixed evenly by the stirring blades 171, 172, 181, 182 formed on the guide grinding roller 17 and the discharge grinding roller 18, stirring blades 171 (172) It is fermented to a suitable state by the microbial fermenter and the heat medium in the heat medium tank (112) while being finely cut by the grinding blade (161) formed in the (181) (182).
Of course, the fermentation process may be provided so that the trough is embedded in the trough tank 11 for a long time so as to be completely made in the trough tank (11). On the contrary, the trough in the trough tank 11 is finely chopped and evenly mixed with each other, and the fermentation process is carried out at a fermentation site that can be separately provided to the outside while being discharged at an appropriate temperature so that the fermentation is well. Could be
Therefore, in order to discharge the finished trough in the trough tank 11, a cultivator, a trailer of a tractor, or a truck or the like is disposed on the discharge unit 14 side, and the conveyor transporter 143 is appropriately positioned at the loading position of the transport machine. ) Will work.
Thereafter, during the process of operating the conveyor hydraulic motor 36 to operate the conveyor belt 142, the slide door cylinder 34 is operated to open the outlet 111 covered by the slide door 141. Therefore, the finished trough is discharged to the conveying machine by the conveyor belt 142 of the conveyor transfer table 143 when the passing through the outlet 111 is completed. Of course, during the discharge process, the induction grinding roller 17 and the discharge grinding roller 18 is to be continuously rotated, the trough is provided to collect toward the discharge port (111) side.
In addition, as described above, the filtrate is introduced through the input unit 13 and is crushed by the grinding roller 16 in the trough tank 11 and mixed with the fermentation process, and then the outlet 111 and the outlet 14. During the series of processes to be discharged to the outside through the control unit, the control unit 101 of the device controller 10 monitors the power supplied to the grinding motor 21, the hydraulic motor 31, the heat medium heater rod 41, and the like. Therefore, the overcurrent state in which the current is excessively supplied, the abnormality in the operation of the motor, and the overload state are monitored and processed.
Particularly, since vegetable trough materials such as rice straw, reed, blue barley, nacre, grass, etc., which are administered into the trough tank 11, are simply collected from fields, mountains, rivers, etc., stones may be administered together into the trough tank 11. Of course, with these trough materials, pieces of wood, chips, etc. may be administered together.
As such, when stones, chips, and wood chips are administered inside the trough tank 11, there is a fear that the rotational operations of the two induction grinding rollers 17 and the discharge grinding rollers 18, which are the grinding rollers 16, are prevented. It is. In particular, the induction grinding roller 17 and the discharge grinding roller 18 and the like in order to easily cut the trough material by the grinding blade 161, the inner bottom of the trough tank 11, the induction grinding roller 17 and Induction grinding roller seating groove (not shown) and discharge grinding roller seating groove (not shown) where the discharge grinding roller 18 is located may be formed.
Therefore, the induction grinding roller 17 and the discharge grinding roller 18 which are rotated in the induction grinding roller seating groove (not shown) and the discharge grinding roller seating groove (not shown) are foreign materials such as stones, chips, and wood chips. Rotation can be prevented by such means.
As such, when the induction grinding roller 17 and the discharge grinding roller 18 are not rotated by the foreign matter, the grinding motor 21 also does not rotate, and the grinding motor signal processing unit 102 of the device controller 10 uses the grinding motor. It is to sense the overload condition indicated by the (21) does not rotate.
Accordingly, the control unit 101 detects an overload state of the grinding motor 21 and transmits a reverse rotation signal to the grinding motor signal processing unit 102. Accordingly, the grinding motor signal is processed by the grinding motor signal processing unit 102. 21 is reverse rotation. Thus, when the original induction grinding roller 17 is rotated in the counterclockwise direction as shown in FIG. 4, while the discharge grinding roller 18 is rotated in the clockwise direction, an overload condition caused by foreign matter is caused. In the case of the reference to FIG. 4 by the control of the controller 101, the induction grinding roller 17 is rotated in the clockwise direction, and the discharge grinding roller 18 is rotated in the counterclockwise direction. Will be.
When the grinding roller 16 is rotated in this way, the foreign matter stuck to the stirring blade is separated from the grinding roller 16 and mixed with the filtrate. During this process, the foreign matter is collected near the center without the stirring blade.
Therefore, even if there are foreign substances such as stones, pieces of wood, and pieces of wood, which can be administered together with the filtrate material, the grinding motor 21 serves to prevent damage.
Of course, if the reverse operation is performed too much, a large amount of foreign matter is contained, or even when the reverse control signal is transmitted, the grinding motor 21 does not rotate and the overload condition continues. You will need to remove the debris yourself. When such a separate special treatment is required, the control unit 101 transmits a signal to the emergency call unit 106 to transmit a signal for emergency treatment.
In the above, the grinding motor 21 has described an example of the emergency treatment process due to the overload condition by the foreign matter. In addition, in the case of the hydraulic motor 31, when there is no hydraulic oil in the hydraulic tank 32 or the hydraulic line is damaged and the hydraulic oil leaks, the abnormality of the power supply is supplied to the heat medium heater rod 41. Even when an abnormality occurs in the power source, an emergency signal may be provided to the emergency call unit 106.
As described above, although described with reference to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention described in the claims below In the present invention can be carried out by various modifications or variations.
1 is a perspective view of a fermentation filtrate production apparatus according to the present invention.
Figure 2 is a perspective view of the front direction of the fermentation filtrate production apparatus according to the present invention.
Figure 3 is a perspective view of the rear direction of the fermentation filtrate manufacturing apparatus according to the present invention.
Figure 4 is a perspective view of the grinding roller of the fermentation filtrate production apparatus according to the present invention.
Figure 5 is a block diagram according to the operation of the fermentation filtrate production apparatus according to the present invention.
Figure 6 is a schematic configuration diagram for the hydraulic flow of the fermentation filtrate production apparatus according to the present invention.
Figure 7 is an illustration of the back of the fermentation filtrate production apparatus according to the present invention.
Figure 8 is a schematic illustration of the electrical wiring of the fermentation filtrate production apparatus according to the present invention.
<Explanation of symbols for the main parts of the drawings>
A: fermentation filtrate manufacturing apparatus 10: apparatus controller
11: trough tank 13: input
14 discharge part 16 grinding roller
21: grinding motor 31: hydraulic motor
32: hydraulic tank 33: hydraulic pump
34: slide door cylinder 35: conveyor conveyor operating cylinder
36: conveyor hydraulic motor 37: input door cylinder
41: heat medium heater rod 42: heater rod terminal
43: heater wire

Claims (5)

  1. In the fermentation filtrate manufacturing apparatus for grinding the filtrate by the grinding roller 16 in the trough tank (11),
    As the input part 13 of the trough tank 11 is provided so that the trough material is administered,
    The grinding roller 16 inside the trough tank 11 is provided to be rotated by the grinding motor 21 provided to the other side of the trough tank 11.
    In front of the trough tank 11 is provided with a discharge portion 14 for discharging the trough
    Fermentation filtrate manufacturing apparatus, characterized in that provided with a device controller (10) for supplying power to operate the grinding motor (21).
  2. The method of claim 1,
    The grinding roller 16 is arranged side by side with the induction grinding roller 17 and the discharge grinding roller (18) formed with spiral stirring blades (171, 172, 181, 182), the induction grinding The roller 16 and the discharge grinding roller 18 is provided to rotate in opposite directions to collect the trough in the center,
    The stirring blades 171, 172, 181, 182 is a fermentation filtrate manufacturing apparatus, characterized in that the grinding blade 161 is provided for cutting the filtrate.
  3. The method of claim 1,
    A discharge port 111 for discharging the trough is formed in front of the trough tank 11,
    The discharge portion 14 includes a slide door 141 to open and close the discharge port 111;
    Fermentation feed feed manufacturing apparatus characterized in that it comprises a conveyor conveying table (143) for transporting the trough discharged through the discharge port 111 by a conveyor belt (142).
  4. The method of claim 1,
    A hydraulic pump 33 is provided to allow hydraulic oil of the hydraulic tank 32 to be pumped by the hydraulic motor 31 supplied with power from the device controller 10.
    A slide door cylinder 34 is provided to receive hydraulic oil from the hydraulic pump 33 to open and close the slide door 141 installed in front of the trough tank 11.
    Conveyor conveyor operating cylinder 35 is provided to receive the hydraulic oil from the hydraulic pump 33, so that the lower side of the conveyor transfer table 143 is operated to rotate with the lower side of the trough tank (11),
    Conveyor hydraulic motor 36 is provided to receive the hydraulic oil from the hydraulic pump 33, the conveyor belt drive shaft 142 'of the conveyor belt 142 installed on the conveyor transfer table 143 is rotated,
    Receiving the hydraulic oil from the hydraulic pump (33), fermentation feed feed manufacturing apparatus characterized in that the input door cylinder (37) is provided to open and close the input door installed on one side of the trough tank (11).
  5. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 4,
    The lower side of the trough tank 11 is provided with a heat medium tank 112 in which the heat medium is contained,
    In the rear of the trough tank 11 in which the heat medium tank 112 is located, a heater rod terminal 42 connected to the heat medium heater rod 41 installed in the heat medium tank 112 is provided.
    The heater wire 43 connected to the device controller 10 is connected to the heater rod terminal 42 so that electricity is supplied to the heat medium heater rod 41 inside the heat medium tank 112 so as to be heated. Fermentation trough feed manufacturing device.
KR1020080079763A 2008-08-14 2008-08-14 Fermented fodder manufacture apparatus KR20100021059A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100976537B1 (en) * 2010-04-16 2010-08-17 함원환 Feedstuff manufacture apparatus
KR101348034B1 (en) * 2012-11-20 2014-01-06 김덕희 Eco-friendly treatment apparatus for marine products
KR101530005B1 (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-06-18 황태선 Feed making apparatus
CN105326077A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-17 无锡市双氏机械有限公司 Efficient feeding heat preservation type fodder mixing processing device
CN105326081A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-17 无锡市双氏机械有限公司 Multifunctional feed mixing and processing device
KR20190030518A (en) * 2017-09-14 2019-03-22 박장순 A feed mixing apparatus
CN111088148A (en) * 2020-02-26 2020-05-01 郑州子然环保科技有限公司 Fermentation treatment device for treating straws

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100976537B1 (en) * 2010-04-16 2010-08-17 함원환 Feedstuff manufacture apparatus
KR101348034B1 (en) * 2012-11-20 2014-01-06 김덕희 Eco-friendly treatment apparatus for marine products
KR101530005B1 (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-06-18 황태선 Feed making apparatus
CN105326077A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-17 无锡市双氏机械有限公司 Efficient feeding heat preservation type fodder mixing processing device
CN105326081A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-17 无锡市双氏机械有限公司 Multifunctional feed mixing and processing device
KR20190030518A (en) * 2017-09-14 2019-03-22 박장순 A feed mixing apparatus
CN111088148A (en) * 2020-02-26 2020-05-01 郑州子然环保科技有限公司 Fermentation treatment device for treating straws
CN111088148B (en) * 2020-02-26 2020-12-25 浙江科峰生物技术有限公司 Fermentation treatment device for treating straws

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