KR20090125312A - Heating and cooling system - Google Patents

Heating and cooling system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
KR20090125312A
KR20090125312A KR1020080051357A KR20080051357A KR20090125312A KR 20090125312 A KR20090125312 A KR 20090125312A KR 1020080051357 A KR1020080051357 A KR 1020080051357A KR 20080051357 A KR20080051357 A KR 20080051357A KR 20090125312 A KR20090125312 A KR 20090125312A
Authority
KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
cold
air
storage tank
hot water
hot
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020080051357A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
Other versions
KR100965114B1 (en
Inventor
신정희
Original Assignee
신정희
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 신정희 filed Critical 신정희
Priority to KR1020080051357A priority Critical patent/KR100965114B1/en
Publication of KR20090125312A publication Critical patent/KR20090125312A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR100965114B1 publication Critical patent/KR100965114B1/en

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B13/00Compression machines, plant or systems with reversible cycle
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D11/00Central heating systems using heat accumulated in storage masses
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B29/00Combined heating and refrigeration systems, e.g. operating alternately or simultaneously
    • F25B29/003Combined heating and refrigeration systems, e.g. operating alternately or simultaneously of the compression type system
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2313/00Compression machines, plant, or systems with reversible cycle not otherwise provided for
    • F25B2313/027Compression machines, plant, or systems with reversible cycle not otherwise provided for characterised by the reversing means
    • F25B2313/02741Compression machines, plant, or systems with reversible cycle not otherwise provided for characterised by the reversing means using one four-way valve
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2313/00Compression machines, plant, or systems with reversible cycle not otherwise provided for
    • F25B2313/029Control issues
    • F25B2313/0294Control issues related to the outdoor fan, e.g. controlling speed

Abstract

PURPOSE: A heating/cooling and hot/cold water system is provided to maximize system efficiency by including a secondary heat exchanger offering vaporization latent heat to liquid refrigerant of low temperature and low pressure flowing within an evaporator. CONSTITUTION: A heating/cooling and hot/cold water system comprise a refrigeration cycle unit(110), a secondary heat exchanger(130), a cold air and cool water supply part(140), and a hot air and hot water supply part(160). The refrigeration cycle unit comprises a compressor(112), a condenser(114), an expansion valve(116) and an evaporator(118). The secondary heat exchanger inhales air of a room temperature, provides vaporization latent heat to liquid refrigerant of low temperature and low pressure flowed into the evaporator, and performs heat exchange by the evaporator. The cold air and cool water supply part offers cold air for cooling and cold water. The hot air and hot water supply part offers hot air for heating and warm water.

Description

냉난방 냉온수 시스템{HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEM}HVAC & HOT WATER SYSTEM {HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEM}
본 발명은 가정용 또는 농업용 하우스에 제공되는 냉난방 냉온수 시스템에 관한 것으로서, 더욱 상세하게는 냉풍 및 온풍 그리고 냉수 및 온수를 공급할 수 있으며, 압축기 측으로 유입되는 저온저압의 기체냉매의 기화를 촉진시키는 보조열교환부를 구비함으로써, 계절의 변화에 맞추어 적절하게 냉난방 및 냉온수를 사용할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 시스템의 효율적인 운전이 가능한 냉난방 냉온수 시스템에 관한 것이다. The present invention relates to an air-conditioning cold / hot water system provided in a house or an agricultural house, and more particularly, can supply cold air and hot air, cold water and hot water, and an auxiliary heat exchanger for promoting vaporization of a low-temperature low-pressure gas refrigerant flowing into a compressor. The present invention relates to an air conditioning hot and cold water system capable of using air conditioning and cold and hot water appropriately according to the change of the season, and enabling efficient operation of the system.
일반적으로, 냉난방시스템은 압축기, 응축기, 팽창밸브, 증발기를 기본 구성요소로 하여, 이들을 순환하는 냉매가 액체에서 기체로, 기체에서 액체로 변환될 경우에 수수되는 잠열을 이용한다. In general, air-conditioning systems use compressors, condensers, expansion valves, and evaporators as basic components, and use latent heat that is transferred when refrigerant circulating them is converted from liquid to gas and gas to liquid.
도 1은 종래 냉난방 냉온수 시스템을 개략적으로 나타낸 구성도이다. 1 is a schematic view showing a conventional air conditioning cold and hot water system.
도 1에 도시된 바와 같이, 냉난방 시스템(10)은, 고온고압으로 압축시켜 강제 순환시키는 압축기(12)와, 압축기(12)에서 압축된 냉매가 실내열교환기(16)로 보내지도록 선택적으로 개폐되는 사방밸브(14)와, 사방밸브(14)를 거쳐 유입되는 고온고압의 냉매를 실내공기와 서로 열 교환시키는 실내열교환기(16)와, 실내열교 환기(16)에서 응축된 후 수액기(18)를 거쳐 운반된 냉매를 단열 팽창시키는 팽창밸브(20)와, 팽창밸브(20)를 거친 저온저압의 냉매를 실외공기와 서로 열 교환시키는 실외열교환기(22)와, 상기 실외열교환기(22)로부터 증발되어 사방밸브(14)를 거쳐 유입되는 냉매에서 액체냉매를 분리하여 기체냉매만 압축기(12)로 제공하는 액분리기(24)로 이루어진다. As shown in FIG. 1, the cooling and heating system 10 selectively opens and closes a compressor 12 compressed and forcedly circulated at high temperature and high pressure, and a refrigerant compressed by the compressor 12 is sent to the indoor heat exchanger 16. The four-way valve 14 and the high-temperature, high-pressure refrigerant flowing through the four-way valve 14, the indoor heat exchanger 16 for exchanging heat with the indoor air, and the condenser in the room heat exchanger (16) 18, an expansion valve 20 for adiabatic expansion of the refrigerant carried through the expansion valve, an outdoor heat exchanger 22 for exchanging heat of a low temperature low pressure refrigerant through the expansion valve 20 with outdoor air, and the outdoor heat exchanger ( 22 is a liquid separator 24 which separates the liquid refrigerant from the refrigerant flowing through the four-way valve 14 and is supplied to the compressor 12.
전술한 종래 냉난방 시스템(10)은, 고온고압으로 압축되어 토출된 냉매가 사방밸브(14)를 거쳐 실내열교환기(16)에서 실내공기로 열을 방출함과 동시에 고압의 과냉액으로 응축되고, 고압의 과냉액으로 응축된 냉매는 수액기(18)를 거쳐 팽창밸브(20)에서 저온저압의 냉매로 단열 팽창되어 저온저압의 냉매로 팽창되며, 이렇게 저온저압의 냉매로 단열 팽창된 냉매는 실외열교환기(22)에서 실외공기로부터 열을 흡수하여 증발한 후 저온의 기체로 되고, 저온기체로 된 냉매는 액분리기(24)로 유입되어 배관상에서 발생한 액체냉매와 기체냉매가 분리된 후 기체냉매만 압축기(12)로 유입되어 다시 고온고압으로 압축되어 토출되는 사이클을 반복하게 된다. In the above-described conventional air-conditioning system 10, the refrigerant compressed and discharged at high temperature and high pressure is discharged to indoor air from the indoor heat exchanger 16 through the four-way valve 14 and condensed into a high-pressure supercooling liquid at the same time. The refrigerant condensed with the high-pressure subcooled liquid is adiabaticly expanded into the low-temperature low-pressure refrigerant by the expansion valve 20 through the receiver 18, and expands into the low-temperature low-pressure refrigerant. After the heat exchanger 22 absorbs heat from the outdoor air and evaporates it, it becomes a low temperature gas, and the low temperature gas refrigerant flows into the liquid separator 24 to separate the liquid refrigerant and gas refrigerant generated on the pipe, and then the gas refrigerant. Only the compressor 12 is repeated to be compressed and discharged at high temperature and high pressure again to repeat the cycle.
그러나 전술한 냉난방 시스템(10)은 실외 기온이 비교적 저온인 경우에는 저온 저압의 냉매와 차가운 실외공기의 접촉에 인한 결로현상으로 발생하는 수증기가 얼어붙어 저온 저압의 액체냉매의 증발잠열흡수를 방해하고, 그 결과 완전히 실외열교환기(16)에서 액체냉매가 완전하게 기화되지 못하여 압축기(12)의 압축성능이 저하되는 문제점이 있었다. However, in the above-described air conditioning system 10, when the outdoor temperature is relatively low, water vapor generated by condensation due to contact between the low-temperature low-pressure refrigerant and the cold outdoor air freezes to prevent evaporative latent heat absorption of the low-temperature low-pressure liquid refrigerant. As a result, the liquid refrigerant is not completely vaporized in the outdoor heat exchanger 16, and there is a problem in that the compression performance of the compressor 12 is lowered.
그리고 종래 냉난방 시스템(10)은 냉수 및 온수를 사용하지 못하는 또 다른 문제점이 있었다. In addition, the conventional air conditioning system 10 has another problem in that cold water and hot water cannot be used.
본 발명은 상기와 같은 종래의 문제점을 해결하기 위해 안출된 것으로, 본 발명의 목적은 냉풍 및 온풍 그리고 냉수 및 온수를 공급할 수 있으며, 압축기 측으로 유입되는 저온 저압의 기체냉매의 기화를 촉진시키는 보조열교환부를 구비함으로써, 계절의 변화에 맞추어 적절하게 냉난방 및 냉온수를 사용할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 시스템의 효율적인 운전이 가능한 냉난방 냉온수 시스템을 제공하는데 있다.The present invention has been made to solve the conventional problems as described above, an object of the present invention is to supply cold air and hot air and cold water and hot water, secondary heat exchange to promote the vaporization of low-temperature low-pressure gas refrigerant flowing into the compressor side By providing a wealth, it is possible to provide air-conditioning and cold / hot water systems capable of efficiently operating the system as well as using air-conditioning and cold / hot water according to the change of the season.
상기와 같은 본 발명의 목적을 달성하기 위해서 본 발명은,In order to achieve the object of the present invention as described above, the present invention,
압축기, 응축기, 팽창밸브 및 증발기가 폐회로를 구성하는 통상의 냉동사이클부;A conventional refrigeration cycle unit in which a compressor, a condenser, an expansion valve, and an evaporator constitute a closed circuit;
상온 공기를 흡입하여 증발기 측으로 유입된 저온저압의 액체냉매에 증발잠열을 제공함과 동시에 증발기에 의해서 열 교환되는 보조열교환부;An auxiliary heat exchanger which sucks room temperature air and provides latent heat of evaporation to the low-temperature low-pressure liquid refrigerant introduced to the evaporator;
보조열교환부에 의해서 열 교환이 이루어져 냉방을 할 수 있는 냉풍 및 냉수를 제공하는 냉풍 및 냉수 공급부; 및 Cold air and cold water supply unit for providing cold air and cold water that can be cooled by the heat exchange is performed by the auxiliary heat exchange unit; And
응축기에 의해서 열 교환이 이루어져 난방을 할 수 있는 온풍 및 온수를 제공하는 온풍 및 온수 공급부;로 이루어진 냉난방 냉온수 시스템을 제공한다.It provides a heating and cooling cold and hot water system consisting of; a hot air and hot water supply unit for providing a hot air and hot water to heat the heat exchange by the condenser.
이상에서 설명한 바와 같이, 본 발명에 따르면, 증발기를 관류하는 저온저압 의 액체냉매에 증발잠열을 제공하는 보조열교환부를 구비함으로써, 본 발명에 따른 냉난방 냉온수 시스템의 효율을 극대화할 수 있는 이점이 있다. As described above, according to the present invention, by providing an auxiliary heat exchanger for providing latent heat of evaporation to the low-temperature low-pressure liquid refrigerant flowing through the evaporator, there is an advantage that can maximize the efficiency of the air-conditioning cold and hot water system according to the present invention.
또한 증발기에 증발잠열을 제공하고 증발기에 의해서 차갑게 열 교환된 보조열교환부의 부동액저장조에 냉풍 및 냉수 공급부를 배치시키고, 응축기에 온풍 및 온수 공급부를 배치시켜 냉난방은 물론 냉온수를 사용자에게 제공할 수 있는 이점이 있다. In addition, by providing the latent heat of evaporation to the evaporator, the cold air and cold water supply unit is arranged in the anti-freeze storage tank of the secondary heat exchanger cold exchanged by the evaporator, and the hot air and hot water supply unit to the condenser to provide cooling and hot water to the user There is this.
이하, 첨부된 도면들을 참조하여 본 발명의 바람직한 일 실시예에 따른 냉난방 냉온수 시스템에 대해 설명한다. Hereinafter, with reference to the accompanying drawings will be described for the air conditioning hot and cold water system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
도 2는 본 발명에 따른 냉난방 냉온수 시스템을 개략적으로 나타낸 구성도이다. Figure 2 is a schematic diagram showing a cooling and heating cold and hot water system according to the present invention.
도 2를 참조하면, 본 발명에 따른 냉난방 냉온수 시스템(100)은, 압축기(112), 응축기(114), 팽창밸브(116) 및 증발기(118)가 폐회로를 구성하는 통상의 냉동사이클부(110)와, 상온 공기를 흡입하여 증발기(118) 측으로 유입된 저온저압의 액체냉매에 증발잠열을 제공함과 동시에 증발기(118)에 의해서 열 교환되는 보조열교환부(130)와, 보조열교환부(130)에 의해서 열 교환이 이루어져 냉방을 할 수 있는 냉풍 및 냉수를 제공하는 냉풍 및 냉수 공급부(140)와, 응축기(114)에 의해서 열 교환이 이루어져 난방을 할 수 있는 온풍 및 온수를 제공하는 온풍 및 온수 공급부(160)로 이루어진다.Referring to FIG. 2, the cooling / cooling / hot / hot water system 100 according to the present invention includes a conventional refrigeration cycle unit 110 in which a compressor 112, a condenser 114, an expansion valve 116, and an evaporator 118 form a closed circuit. And a subsidiary heat exchanger (130) and a subsidiary heat exchanger (130) which are heat-exchanged by the evaporator 118 at the same time as providing a low-temperature low-pressure liquid refrigerant introduced to the evaporator 118 by sucking the room temperature air Cold air and cold water supply unit 140 for providing cold air and cold water that can be cooled by the heat exchange by the heat exchange, and hot air and hot water to provide hot air and hot water that can be heated by heat exchange by the condenser 114 It consists of a supply unit (160).
먼저, 냉동사이클부(110)는 누구나 알 수 있듯이, 냉매를 고온고압으로 압축 시켜 강제 순환시키는 압축기(112)와, 압축기(112)로부터 유입되는 고온고압의 기체냉매의 열을 방출하여 고온고압의 기체냉매를 응축하는 응축기(114)와, 고온고압의 액체냉매를 저온저압의 액체냉매로 단열 팽창시키는 팽창밸브(116)와, 증발잠열을 흡수하여 저온저압의 액체냉매를 저온저압의 기체냉매로 기화하는 증발기(118)로 이루어지는데, 압축기(112)와 응축기(114) 사이에는 유분리기(120)가 배치되고, 응축기(114)와 팽창밸브(116) 사이에는 기액분리기(122) 및 수액기(124)가 배치되며, 증발기(118)와 압축기(112) 사이에는 액분리기(126)가 배치된다. First, the refrigeration cycle unit 110, as anyone can see, the compressor 112 to compress the refrigerant to high temperature and high pressure forcibly circulated, and to release the heat of the high temperature and high pressure gas refrigerant flowing from the compressor 112 to the high temperature and high pressure A condenser 114 for condensing the gas refrigerant, an expansion valve 116 for adiabatic expansion and expansion of the high temperature and high pressure liquid refrigerant with a low temperature low pressure liquid refrigerant, and a low temperature low pressure liquid refrigerant to absorb the latent heat of evaporation into a low temperature low pressure gas refrigerant. Evaporator 118 is evaporated, the oil separator 120 is disposed between the compressor 112 and the condenser 114, the gas-liquid separator 122 and the receiver between the condenser 114 and the expansion valve 116 124 is disposed, and a liquid separator 126 is disposed between the evaporator 118 and the compressor 112.
전술한 바와 같이 이루어진 냉동사이클부(110)의 증발기(118) 측에는 보조열교환부(130)와, 보조열교환부(130)와 연결되는 냉풍 및 냉수 공급부(140)가 배치되고, 응축기(114) 측에는 온풍 및 온수 공급부(160)가 배치된다.An auxiliary heat exchanger 130 and a cold air and cold water supply unit 140 connected to the auxiliary heat exchanger 130 are disposed on the evaporator 118 side of the refrigeration cycle unit 110 formed as described above, and on the condenser 114 side. Warm air and hot water supply unit 160 is disposed.
보조열교환부(130)는 증발기(118)를 지나는 저온저압의 냉매에 증발잠열을 전달하는 부동액이 저장된 부동액저장조(132)와, 실외에 배치되고 부동액저장조(132)에서 유입되는 부동액을 상온의 외부공기와 접촉시켜 열 교환시키는 보조열교환기(134)와, 일단은 부동액저장조(132)에 연결되고 타단은 보조열교환기(134) 및 증발기(118)를 거쳐 다시 부동액저장조(132)에 연결됨과 아울러 부동액순환모터(138)가 장착된 부동액순환관(136)으로 이루어진다. 부동액저장조(132)에는 증발기(118)를 거치면서 열 교환된 차가운 부동액이 저장되고, 보조열교환기(134)는 부동액저장조(132)에서 유입된 차가운 부동액을 상온의 실외공기와 접촉시켜 열 교환하고, 열 교환된 따뜻한 부동액은 증발기(118)로 유입되어 증발기(118) 내의 저온저압이 액체냉매에 증발잠열을 제공한다. 그리고 증발기(118)를 거친 부동액은 증 발기(118)에 의해서 열 교환이 이루어져 차가워진 부동액이 부동액저장조(132)로 유입된다.The auxiliary heat exchanger 130 includes an antifreeze storage tank 132 in which an antifreeze fluid is transferred to the refrigerant at low temperature and low pressure passing through the evaporator 118, and an antifreeze disposed in the outdoor and introduced from the antifreeze storage tank 132 at room temperature. Auxiliary heat exchanger 134 for contacting and exchanging heat with air, one end is connected to the antifreeze reservoir 132 and the other end is connected to the antifreeze reservoir 132 again through the auxiliary heat exchanger 134 and evaporator 118 It consists of an antifreeze circulation tube 136 equipped with an antifreeze circulation motor 138. The antifreeze reservoir 132 is stored in the cold antifreeze heat exchanged through the evaporator 118, the auxiliary heat exchanger 134 heat exchanges the cold antifreeze introduced from the antifreeze reservoir 132 in contact with the outdoor air at room temperature The warm, heat exchanged antifreeze flows into the evaporator 118 so that the low temperature low pressure in the evaporator 118 provides the latent heat of evaporation to the liquid refrigerant. The antifreeze that has passed through the evaporator 118 is heat exchanged by the evaporator 118, and the antifreeze that has cooled is introduced into the antifreeze reservoir 132.
냉풍 및 냉수 공급부(140)는 냉수저장조(142)와, 냉수저장조(142)에 인접배치되어 냉기를 송풍하는 냉풍송풍팬(144)과, 일단으로는 상온이 물이 유입되고 타단은 부동액저장조(132)를 거쳐 냉수저장조(142)와 연결되는 냉수관(146)과, 일단은 냉수저장조(142)에 연결되고 타단은 냉방을 하고자하는 공간을 순환하여 다시 냉수저장조(142)에 연결되는 냉수순환관(148)을 구비한다. 냉수순환관(148)에는 냉수순환모터(150)가 장착된다. 냉수관(146)의 일단에서 유입되는 상온의 물은 차가운 부동액이 저장된 부동액저장조(132)를 거치면서 열 교환되고, 차가워진 냉수는 냉수저장조(142)에 저장된다. 그리고 냉방을 하고자 하는 공간에 냉방을 하고자 할 때에는 냉풍송풍팬(144) 및 냉방순환모터(150)를 작동시켜 냉방을 하게 된다. 바람직하게는 냉수저장조(142)에는 냉수저장조(142)의 냉수를 사용자에게 제공할 수 있도록 냉수공급관(152)이 더 연결된다. The cold air and cold water supply unit 140 is disposed adjacent to the cold water storage tank 142, the cold water storage tank 142, and a cold air blowing fan 144 for blowing cold air, and at one end room temperature is introduced into the water and the other end is an antifreeze storage tank ( Cold water pipe 146 connected to the cold water storage tank 142 through the 132, and one end is connected to the cold water storage tank 142 and the other end is circulated to the cold water storage tank 142 by circulating the space to be cooled again A tube 148. The cold water circulation tube 148 is equipped with a cold water circulation motor 150. Water at room temperature introduced from one end of the cold water pipe 146 is heat exchanged through the antifreeze storage tank 132 in which the cold antifreeze is stored, and the cold cold water is stored in the cold water storage tank 142. When cooling is performed in a space to be cooled, the cooling air blowing fan 144 and the cooling circulation motor 150 are operated to cool. Preferably, the cold water supply tank 142 is further connected to the cold water supply pipe 152 to provide the user with cold water of the cold water storage tank 142.
한편, 온풍 및 온수 공급부(160)는 온수저장조(162)와, 온수저장조(162)에 인접배치되어 온기를 송풍하는 온수송풍팬(164)과, 일단으로는 상온이 물이 유입되고 타단은 응축기(114)를 거쳐 온수저장조(162)와 연결되는 온수관(166)과, 일단은 온수저장조(162)에 연결되고 타단은 난방을 하고자하는 공간을 순환하여 다시 온수저장조(162)에 연결되는 온수순환관(168)을 구비한다. 온수순환관(168)에는 온수순환모터(170)가 장착된다. 온수관(166)의 일단에서 유입되는 상온의 물은 응축기(114)를 거치면서 열 교환되고, 따뜻해진 온수는 온수저장조(162)에 저장된다. 그리고 난방을 하고자 하는 공간에 난방을 하고자 할 때에는 온수송풍팬(164) 및 온수순환모터(170)를 작동시켜 난방을 하게 된다. 바람직하게는 온수저장조(162)에는 온수저장조(162)의 온수를 사용자에게 제공할 수 있도록 온수공급관(172)이 더 연결된다. On the other hand, the hot air and hot water supply unit 160 is disposed adjacent to the hot water storage tank 162, the hot water storage tank 162 and the hot air blowing fan 164 for blowing the warm air, and once the room temperature is introduced into the water and the other end of the condenser Hot water pipe 166 connected to the hot water storage tank 162 via the 114, and one end is connected to the hot water storage tank 162 and the other end circulates the space to be heated to the hot water storage tank 162 again The circulation pipe 168 is provided. The hot water circulation tube 168 is equipped with a hot water circulation motor 170. Water at room temperature introduced from one end of the hot water pipe 166 is heat exchanged through the condenser 114, and the warmed hot water is stored in the hot water storage tank 162. And when you want to heat in the space to be heated is heated by operating the hot water blowing fan 164 and the hot water circulation motor 170. Preferably, the hot water storage tank 162 is further connected to the hot water supply pipe 172 to provide the user with hot water of the hot water storage tank 162.
하기에는 전술한 바와 같이 형성된 냉난방 냉온수 시스템(100)의 작동상태를 간략하게 설명한다. The following briefly describes the operating state of the air conditioning hot and cold water system 100 formed as described above.
압축기(112)로부터 토출된 고온고압의 기체냉매는 응축기(114)로 유입되고, 응축기(114)로 유입된 냉매는 응축기(114)를 관류하면서 고온의 액채로 응축되며, 응축된 고온의 액체냉매는 팽창밸브(116)로 유입되고, 팽창밸브(116)를 거치면서 단열 팽창되어 과냉된다. 이렇게 과냉된 액체냉매는 증발기(118)로 유입되고 열을 흡수하여 저온저압의 기체로 된다. 이때, 보조열교환부(130)의 부동액저장조(132)에 저장된 차가운 부동액은 보조열교환기(134)를 거치면서 따뜻하게 열 교환되고, 이렇게 열 교환된 부동액은 증발기(118) 측으로 유입되어 증발기(118)로 유입되는 액체냉매에 증발잠열을 제공한다. 증발잠열은 증발기(118)로 유입되는 냉매가 완전 기화될 수 있도록 한다. 증발기(118)에서 기화된 기체냉매는 압축기(112)로 유입됨으로써 1사이클을 완료한다. The high temperature and high pressure gas refrigerant discharged from the compressor 112 flows into the condenser 114, and the refrigerant introduced into the condenser 114 condenses into a high temperature liquid while flowing through the condenser 114, and condensed high temperature liquid refrigerant. Is introduced into the expansion valve 116, and is adiabatic expansion and subcooled while passing through the expansion valve 116. The supercooled liquid refrigerant flows into the evaporator 118, absorbs heat, and becomes a low temperature low pressure gas. At this time, the cold antifreeze stored in the antifreeze storage tank 132 of the subsidiary heat exchanger 130 is heat-exchanged while passing through the subsidiary heat exchanger 134, and the antifreeze thus exchanged is introduced into the evaporator 118 side and the evaporator 118 Provide latent heat of evaporation to the liquid refrigerant entering the furnace. The latent heat of evaporation allows the refrigerant flowing into the evaporator 118 to be completely vaporized. The gas refrigerant vaporized in the evaporator 118 is introduced into the compressor 112 to complete one cycle.
여름철 냉방을 하기 위해서는 본 발명에 따른 냉난방 냉온수 시스템(100)을 작동시킨 상태 하에서. 냉풍송풍팬(114) 또는 냉수순환모터(150)를 작동시켜 냉방을 하고자 하는 공간을 냉방한다. 이때, 온풍송풍팬(164) 및 온수순환모터(170)는 작동을 중지시킨다. 또한, 겨울철 난방을 하기 위해서는 냉풍송풍팬(114) 및 냉수순환모터(150)의 작동을 중지시킨 상태 하에서, 온풍송풍팬(164) 및 온수순환모터(170)를 작동시켜 난방을 하고자 하는 공간을 난방한다. 한편, 일교차가 심한 초봄 및 늦가을에는 냉풍 및 냉수 공급부(140)와 온풍 및 온수 공급부(160)를 교대로 작동시켜 냉난방을 수행한다. In order to cool in summer under the condition that the air-conditioning cold and hot water system 100 according to the present invention. By operating the cold air blowing fan 114 or the cold water circulation motor 150 to cool the space to be cooled. At this time, the hot air blowing fan 164 and the hot water circulation motor 170 to stop the operation. In addition, in order to perform the heating in winter, under the state in which the operation of the cold air blowing fan 114 and the cold water circulation motor 150 is stopped, the hot air blowing fan 164 and the hot water circulation motor 170 operate a space to be heated. Heating. On the other hand, in the early spring and late autumn when the day crossing is severe, the cold air and cold water supply unit 140 and the hot air and hot water supply unit 160 are operated alternately to perform the cooling and heating.
한편, 냉수관(146) 및 온수관(166)을 통해 유입된 상온의 물은 부동액저장조(132) 및 응축기(114)를 거쳐 냉수 및 온수로 열 교환된 후, 냉수저장조(142) 및 온수저장조(162)에 저장되고, 저장된 냉수 및 온수는 냉수공급관(152) 및 온수공급관(172)을 통해 사용자의 목적에 맞게 제공된다. Meanwhile, the room temperature water introduced through the cold water pipe 146 and the hot water pipe 166 is heat exchanged with cold water and hot water through the antifreeze storage tank 132 and the condenser 114, and then the cold water storage tank 142 and the hot water storage tank. Stored in 162, the stored cold water and hot water is provided according to the user's purpose through the cold water supply pipe 152 and hot water supply pipe 172.
상기에서는 본 발명의 바람직한 실시예를 참조하여 설명하였지만, 해당기술 분야의 숙련된 당업자는 특허청구범위에 기재된 본 발명의 사상 및 영역으로부터 벗어나지 않는 범위 내에서 본 발명을 다양하게 수정 및 변경시킬 수 있음을 이해할 수 있을 것이다. Although the above has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, those skilled in the art can variously modify and change the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention described in the claims. You will understand.
도 1은 종래 냉난방 냉온수 시스템을 개략적으로 나타낸 구성도이며, 그리고 1 is a schematic view showing a conventional air conditioning hot and cold water system, and
도 2는 본 발명에 따른 냉난방 냉온수 시스템을 개략적으로 나타낸 구성도이다. Figure 2 is a schematic diagram showing a cooling and heating cold and hot water system according to the present invention.
<도면의주요부분에대한부호의설명>Explanation of symbols on the main parts of the drawing
100 : 냉난방 냉온수 시스템 110 : 냉동사이클100: cooling and heating cold and hot water system 110: refrigeration cycle
112 : 압축기 114 : 응축기112: compressor 114: condenser
116 : 팽창밸브 118 : 증발기116: expansion valve 118: evaporator
130 : 보조열교환부 132 : 부동액저장조130: auxiliary heat exchanger 132: antifreeze reservoir
134 : 보조열교환기 136 : 부동액순환관134: auxiliary heat exchanger 136: antifreeze circulation tube
140 : 냉풍 및 냉수 공급부 142 : 냉수저장조140: cold air and cold water supply unit 142: cold water storage tank
144 : 냉풍송풍팬 146 : 냉수관144: cold air blowing fan 146: cold water pipe
148 : 냉수순환관 160 : 온풍 및 온수 공급부148: cold water circulation pipe 160: hot air and hot water supply unit
162 : 온수저장조 164 : 온풍숭풍팬162: hot water storage tank 164: warm wind fan
166 : 온수관 168 : 온수순환관166: hot water pipe 168: hot water circulation pipe

Claims (4)

  1. 압축기, 응축기, 팽창밸브 및 증발기가 폐회로를 구성하는 통상의 냉동사이클부;A conventional refrigeration cycle unit in which a compressor, a condenser, an expansion valve, and an evaporator constitute a closed circuit;
    상온 공기를 흡입하여 상기 증발기 측으로 유입된 저온저압의 액체냉매에 증발잠열을 제공함과 동시에 상기 증발기에 의해서 열 교환되는 보조열교환부;An auxiliary heat exchanger that sucks room temperature air and provides latent heat of evaporation to the low-temperature low-pressure liquid refrigerant introduced to the evaporator;
    상기 보조열교환부에 의해서 열 교환이 이루어져 냉방을 할 수 있는 냉풍 및 냉수를 제공하는 냉풍 및 냉수 공급부; 및 A cold air and cold water supply unit configured to provide cold air and cold water capable of cooling by heat exchange by the auxiliary heat exchange unit; And
    상기 응축기에 의해서 열 교환이 이루어져 난방을 할 수 있는 온풍 및 온수를 제공하는 온풍 및 온수 공급부;로 이루어진 것을 특징으로 하는 냉난방 냉온수 시스템.Heating and cooling hot and cold water system, characterized in that consisting of; hot air and hot water supply unit for providing a hot air and hot water to the heat exchange is made by the condenser.
  2. 제 1 항에 있어서, 상기 보조열교환부는,The method of claim 1, wherein the auxiliary heat exchange unit,
    상기 증발기를 거치면서 열 교환된 차가운 부동액이 저장되는 부동액저장조; An antifreeze reservoir configured to store cold antifreeze heat exchanged while passing through the evaporator;
    실외에 배치되고 상기 부동액저장조에서 유입되는 차가운 부동액을 상온의 외부공기와 접촉시켜 열 교환하여 상기 증발기를 관류하는 냉매에 증발잠열을 제공하는 보조열교환기; An auxiliary heat exchanger disposed outside and providing latent heat of evaporation to the refrigerant flowing through the evaporator through heat exchange by contacting cold antifreeze flowing from the antifreeze storage tank with external air at room temperature;
    부동액순환모터가 장착되며, 일단은 상기 부동액저장조에 연결되고 타단은 상기 보조열교환기 및 상기 증발기를 거쳐 다시 상기 부동액저장조에 연결되는 부동액순환관;으로 이루어진 것을 특징으로 하는 냉난방 냉온수 시스템.An antifreeze circulation motor is mounted, and one end is connected to the antifreeze reservoir and the other end is an antifreeze circulation tube connected to the antifreeze reservoir again through the auxiliary heat exchanger and the evaporator.
  3. 제 2 항에 있어서, 상기 냉풍 및 냉수 공급부는,The method of claim 2, wherein the cold air and cold water supply unit,
    냉수저장조 및 상기 냉수저장조에 인접 배치되어 냉기를 송풍하는 냉풍송풍팬;A cold air blowing fan disposed adjacent to the cold water storage tank and the cold water storage tank to blow cold air;
    일단으로는 상온이 물이 유입되고 타단은 상기 부동액저장조를 거쳐 상기 냉수저장조와 연결되는 냉수관; Cold water pipe is connected to the cold water storage tank through the antifreeze storage tank and the other end is the room temperature is introduced into the first end;
    냉수순환모터가 장착되고, 일단은 상기 냉수저장조에 연결되고 타단은 냉방을 하고자하는 공간을 순환하여 다시 상기 냉수저장조에 연결되는 냉수순환관; 및Cold water circulation motor is mounted, one end is connected to the cold water storage tank and the other end is circulated to the cooling space to the cold water circulation pipe connected to the cold water storage tank; And
    상기 냉수저장조의 냉수를 사용자에게 제공하는 냉수공급관;으로 이루어진 것을 특징으로 하는 냉난방 냉온수 시스템.Cooling and heating cold and hot water system, characterized in that consisting of; cold water supply pipe for providing a user with cold water of the cold water storage tank.
  4. 제 1 항에 있어서, 상기 온풍 및 온수 공급부는,According to claim 1, wherein the warm air and hot water supply unit,
    온수저장조 및 상기 온수저장조에 인접 배치되어 온기를 송풍하는 온풍송풍팬;A hot air blowing fan disposed adjacent to the hot water storage tank and the hot water storage tank to blow warm air;
    일단으로는 상온이 물이 유입되고 타단은 상기 응축기를 거쳐 상기 온수저장조와 연결되는 온수관; At one end, water is introduced into the room temperature, and the other end is connected to the hot water storage tank via the condenser;
    온수순환모터가 장착되고, 일단은 상기 온수저장조에 연결되고 타단은 난방을 하고자하는 공간을 순환하여 다시 상기 온수저장조에 연결되는 온수순환관; 및A hot water circulation motor is mounted, one end of which is connected to the hot water storage tank, and the other end of the hot water circulation tube that circulates a space to be heated and is connected to the hot water storage tank again; And
    상기 온수저장조의 냉수를 사용자에게 제공하는 온수공급관;으로 이루어진 것을 특징으로 하는 냉난방 냉온수 시스템.Cooling and heating cold and hot water system, characterized in that consisting of; hot water supply pipe for providing a user with cold water of the hot water storage tank.
KR1020080051357A 2008-06-02 2008-06-02 Heating and cooling system KR100965114B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020080051357A KR100965114B1 (en) 2008-06-02 2008-06-02 Heating and cooling system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020080051357A KR100965114B1 (en) 2008-06-02 2008-06-02 Heating and cooling system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
KR20090125312A true KR20090125312A (en) 2009-12-07
KR100965114B1 KR100965114B1 (en) 2010-06-23

Family

ID=41686821

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
KR1020080051357A KR100965114B1 (en) 2008-06-02 2008-06-02 Heating and cooling system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
KR (1) KR100965114B1 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101283851B1 (en) 2012-07-26 2013-07-08 김대식 Air conditioning and heating apparatus utilize torbo blower
KR101977884B1 (en) * 2016-12-15 2019-05-13 김홍운 Heat pump system for recovery waste heat and coldness

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100443815B1 (en) * 2001-12-24 2004-08-09 주식회사 세기센추리 Heat Pump Unit using Waste Heat
KR200313034Y1 (en) 2003-02-14 2003-05-16 (주)뉴그린테크 A device for recovery spent heat in heat pump type
KR100789436B1 (en) * 2006-02-22 2007-12-28 윤영선 Complex heating and cooling system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
KR100965114B1 (en) 2010-06-23

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
KR20080097511A (en) A heating and cooling system using a cascade heat exchanger
KR101642843B1 (en) Hybrid type heat pump system for cooling and heating
CN107014015B (en) Recovery type heat evaporating condensation type handpiece Water Chilling Units
KR20100059170A (en) Heat pump storage system
JP2003004321A (en) Refrigerating air conditioner
KR20100059176A (en) Storage system
KR20130077108A (en) Heat pump type cool and hot water supply device
KR20120136794A (en) Heat pump and control method thereof
KR100965114B1 (en) Heating and cooling system
KR100613502B1 (en) Heat pump type air conditioner
JP2010216784A (en) Air conditioning system
KR20100046365A (en) Heat pump system
CN201348400Y (en) Wind-water double heat exchange air conditioner
JPH0953864A (en) Engine type cooling device
KR100572761B1 (en) Air Conditioning System for Heating and Cooling Using Geothermal Energy
KR20200001250A (en) heating and cooling system of building using an electric apparatus
KR100634842B1 (en) Refrigerating mechine
CN205655518U (en) Air -cooled cold water or heat pump set with cross cold type structural system
KR101118137B1 (en) Air cooling type heat pump system
JP5375284B2 (en) Refrigeration equipment
KR100945452B1 (en) Heat pump system
KR20030082822A (en) The Combined Cooling and Heating Ice Regenerative System
KR20100005735U (en) storage system
KR20100005734U (en) Heat pump storage system
KR20170091923A (en) High efficiency heat pump type cooling and heating apparatus with complex heat exchange

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A201 Request for examination
E902 Notification of reason for refusal
E701 Decision to grant or registration of patent right
GRNT Written decision to grant
FPAY Annual fee payment

Payment date: 20130723

Year of fee payment: 4

FPAY Annual fee payment

Payment date: 20140602

Year of fee payment: 5

FPAY Annual fee payment

Payment date: 20150625

Year of fee payment: 6

LAPS Lapse due to unpaid annual fee