KR20090084571A - Method for execution a wall engineering works construction concrete block structure - Google Patents

Method for execution a wall engineering works construction concrete block structure Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20090084571A
KR20090084571A KR1020080010830A KR20080010830A KR20090084571A KR 20090084571 A KR20090084571 A KR 20090084571A KR 1020080010830 A KR1020080010830 A KR 1020080010830A KR 20080010830 A KR20080010830 A KR 20080010830A KR 20090084571 A KR20090084571 A KR 20090084571A
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unit block
block structure
construction
unit
concrete
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KR1020080010830A
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Korean (ko)
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종 환 안
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종 환 안
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor
    • E02B3/14Preformed blocks or slabs for forming essentially continuous surfaces; Arrangements thereof
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/11Hard structures, e.g. dams, dykes or breakwaters

Abstract

A block structure construction method for civil engineering wall is provided to facilitate construction and to shorten construction period because a unit block is transported to the construction side after being assembled and forming the unit block structure. A block structure construction method for civil engineering wall is as follows. A unit block(11) is assembled and the unit block structure(1) consisting of unit block combination is formed. The unit block structure is positioned on the floor of the construction position. The height of the unit block is controlled by scratching the construction floor through a plurality of work spaces(115) of the unit block structure. The work space is embedded using the concrete. At least one or more unit block structures(1') are assembled and installed on the unit block structure. The unit block comprises a side insertion hole(111), a side protrusion(112) and a horizontal space(117).

Description

토목 벽제 건설용 블록구조물 시공 방법{Method for execution a wall engineering works construction concrete block structure}Method for execution a wall engineering works construction concrete block structure}

본 발명은 토목 벽제 건설용 블록구조물의 시공 방법에 관한 것으로서, 더욱 상세하게는 조립이 용이한 단위블록을 이용하여 단위블록구조물을 형성하고, 이 단위블록구조물을 시공 위치에 수직 다단으로 설치함으로써 시공이 용이하며 공기 시간을 단축시킬 수 있는 토목 벽제 건설용 블록구조물 시공 방법에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a construction method of a block structure for civil wall construction, more specifically, to form a unit block structure using a unit block that is easy to assemble, the construction by installing the unit block structure in a vertical multi-stage at the construction position The present invention relates to a method for constructing a block structure for civil wall construction, which can facilitate and shorten air time.

옹벽이라 함은 토압력(土壓力)에 저항하여 흙이 무너지지 못하게 만든 벽체(壁體)를 일컫는 말로서, 이는 지표지반(地表地盤)의 안정된 경사를 그것보다 가파른 경사로 하였을 경우에 일어나는 지반 붕괴를 막기 위해 만든 구조물이다. Retaining wall refers to a wall that prevents soil from collapsing due to earth pressure, which prevents the ground collapse that occurs when the stable slope of the ground surface is steeper than that. It is a structure made for.

옹벽용 토목구조물은 흙을 쌓아 올릴 때, 산을 깎아 낼 때, 해안을 메울 때 등에 주로 필요하다.Retaining civil engineering structures for retaining walls are mainly needed when building up soil, cutting down mountains, and filling shores.

한편, 호안이라 함은 일반적으로 하안(河岸)ㅇ해안(海岸)ㅇ둑을 보호해서 유수에 의한 물가선의 침식을 방지하기 위하여 그 비탈면에 시설하는 공작물을 말한다.On the other hand, shores generally refer to workpieces installed on slopes to protect riverbanks and to prevent erosion of shoreline by running water.

종래 호안 구조물로 사용되던 토목구조물은 다수의 블럭을 다단으로 수직으 로 또는 경사지게 쌓워 구축한 것이 있다. The civil engineering structure used as a conventional revetment structure is constructed by stacking a plurality of blocks vertically or inclined in multiple stages.

종래의 토목구조물은 물막이 공사와 각종 철근과 시멘트, 콘크리트를 배합하여 기초공사 및 원 공사를 돌망태와 시멘트콘크리트 블록 등을 사용하여 절개지, 토사유출방지공사와 방조제공사 등을 시행하였다.In the conventional civil engineering structure, the construction of the foundation and the original construction was carried out using the gabions and the cement concrete blocks by mixing the cladding construction with various rebars, cement, and concrete.

그런데 이러한 종래의 토목구조물은 다단 적층시 각 블럭을 정렬 배치하는데 용이하지 않은 단점이 있었다. However, this conventional civil engineering structure has a disadvantage in that it is not easy to arrange and arrange each block in multi-stage stacking.

본 발명의 목적은, 조립이 용이한 단위블록을 미리 조립하여 단위블록구조물을 형성한 후 이 단위블록구조물을 시공 위치에 위치시키고, 바닥면을 긁어내 블록구조물을 바닥면보다 낮은 위치로 위치시킨 다음, 그 상부에 수직 다단으로 단위블록구조물을 조립함으로써 시공이 용이한 토목 벽제 건설용 블록구조물 시공 방법을 제공함에 있다. An object of the present invention, after assembling the unit block is easy to assemble in advance to form a unit block structure, the unit block structure is placed in the construction position, scraping the bottom surface to position the block structure lower than the bottom surface By assembling the unit block structure in the vertical multi-stage on top thereof, it is to provide a block structure construction method for civil wall construction easy construction.

본 발명의 토목 벽제 건설용 블록구조물 시공 방법은, 일측면에 다수의 측면 삽입홈이 형성되고, 타측면에 상기 측면 삽입홈에 대응되는 형상의 다수의 측면 돌출부가 형성되며 수직으로 관통된 작업 공간부 및 공간 확보를 위한 공간부가 형성된 단위블록 결합체로 이루어지는 단위블록을 조립하여 단위블록구조물을 형성하는 단계와, 상기 단위블록구조물을 시공 위치의 바닥면에 위치시키는 단계와, 상기 단위블록구조물의 다수의 작업 공간부를 통해 시공 바닥면 긁어 단위블록의 높이를 조절 하는 단계와, 상기 작업 공간부를 콘크리트로 매립하는 단계와, 상기 단위블록구조물 상에 적어도 한층 이상의 단위블록구조물을 조립하여 설치하는 단계를 포함한다. In the construction method for construction of block structures for civil wall construction, a plurality of side insertion grooves are formed on one side, and a plurality of side protrusions having a shape corresponding to the side insertion grooves are formed on the other side, and the work space vertically penetrates. Assembling a unit block consisting of a unit block assembly having a space portion for securing a portion and a space, thereby forming a unit block structure, placing the unit block structure on a bottom surface of a construction position, and a plurality of unit block structures Adjusting the height of the unit block by scraping the construction floor surface through the work space, and embedding the work space into concrete, and assembling and installing at least one unit block structure on the unit block structure do.

여기서, 상기 블록구조물을 구성하는 각 단위블록의 경계부와 블록구조물 양측의 측면 삽입홈과 측면 돌출부 사이를 콘크리트로 마감하는 단계를 더 포함함이 바람직하다. Here, the method may further include a step of finishing with concrete between the boundary of each unit block constituting the block structure and the side insertion grooves and the side protrusions on both sides of the block structure.

또한, 상기 콘크리트 마감 단계 후에 블록구조물의 전후를 보강재로 보강하는 단계를 더 포함함이 바람직하다.In addition, it is preferable to further include a step of reinforcing the front and rear of the block structure after the concrete finishing step.

본 발명은 단위블록을 조립하여 단위블록 구조물을 형성한 후 단위블록 구조물을 시공위치로 운반하여 시공을 함으로써 시공 방법이 용이하고 시공 시간을 단축시킬 수 있어, 시공 효율성을 향상시킬 수 있다. According to the present invention, the unit block is assembled to form a unit block structure, and then the unit block structure is transported to a construction position to carry out construction, thereby making construction easier and shortening construction time, thereby improving construction efficiency.

도 1 내지 도 7은 본 발명의 토목 벽제 건설용 블록구조물 시공 방법을 나타낸 순차적인 시공 공정도이다.1 to 7 is a sequential construction process diagram showing a block structure construction method for civil wall construction of the present invention.

도 1을 참조하면, 단위블록(11)을 조립하여 단위블록 결합체로 이루어지는 단위블록구조물(1)을 형성한다. Referring to FIG. 1, the unit block 11 is assembled to form a unit block structure 1 composed of a unit block assembly.

여기서 단위블록(11)에는 일측면에 다수의 측면 삽입홈(111)이 형성되고, 타측면에 측면 삽입홈(111)에 대응되는 형상의 다수의 측면 돌출부(112)가 형성된다.Here, the unit block 11 has a plurality of side insertion grooves 111 are formed on one side, and a plurality of side protrusions 112 having a shape corresponding to the side insertion grooves 111 are formed on the other side.

그리고, 단위블록(11)에는 수직으로 관통된 작업 공간부(115) 및 조립 후 내부를 양측으로 수평 관통하는 공간 확보를 위한 수평 공간부(117)가 형성되어 있다. In addition, the unit block 11 is formed with a vertically penetrating working space 115 and a horizontal space 117 for securing a space penetrating horizontally to both sides after assembly.

또한, 각 단위블록(11)의 상부에는 상부 삽입홈(113)이 형성되어, 그 상부에 적층되는 단위블록이 조립될 수 있는 구조를 갖는다. In addition, an upper insertion groove 113 is formed on the upper portion of each unit block 11, and has a structure in which the unit blocks stacked on the upper portion are assembled.

이러한 구조에 따라, 각 단위블록(11)의 측면 삽입홈(111)에 인접하는 다른 단위블록(11)의 측면 돌출부(112)를 삽입하여 조립한다. According to this structure, the side protrusion 112 of the other unit block 11 adjacent to the side insertion groove 111 of each unit block 11 is inserted and assembled.

이러한 과정을 어려번 반복하여 다수의 단위블록(11)을 조립하여 단위블록구조물(1)을 형성한다. This process is repeated several times to assemble a plurality of unit blocks 11 to form a unit block structure (1).

이에 따라, 각 단위블록(11)의 수평 공간부(117)가 상호 연결되어 공동구역이 형성된다. Accordingly, the horizontal space 117 of each unit block 11 is interconnected to form a common area.

이 공동 구역은 후속 시공 과정에서 배선을 위한 공간으로 이용될 수 있다. This common area can be used as a space for wiring in subsequent construction.

도 2를 참조하면, 단위블록구조물(1)을 시공 위치에 위치시킨다. Referring to FIG. 2, the unit block structure 1 is positioned at a construction position.

여기서, 시공 위치는 간척공사를 위한 물막이벽체를 형성하거나, 매립 공사벽을 형성사거나 방파제를 형성하기 위한 위치에 해당한다. Here, the construction position corresponds to a position for forming a water barrier wall for reclamation work, or to form a buried construction wall or to form a breakwater.

도 3을 참조하면, 단위블록구조물(1)의 각 작업 공간부(115)를 통해 시공 바닥면의 흙이나 모레 자갈(117) 등을 긁어낸다.Referring to Figure 3, through each working space 115 of the unit block structure (1) to scrape the dirt or sand gravel 117 of the construction floor surface.

이와 같이, 작업 공간부(115)를 통해 시공 바닥면을 긁어내면 작업 공간부(115) 주변의 흙이 작업 공간부(115)로 흘러내리게 되고, 이에 따라 단위블록구조물(1)이 바닥면의 하부로 들어가 단위블록구조물(1)의 높이가 낮아진다.As such, when the construction floor surface is scraped through the work space 115, the soil around the work space 115 flows down to the work space 115, whereby the unit block structure 1 is formed on the bottom surface. The height of the unit block structure 1 is lowered into the lower portion.

즉, 시공 바닥면을 긁어내는 것은 단위블록구조(1)물이 견고하게 시공 바닥면에 위치되도록 하고, 시공 높이 조절을 위해 수행하는 것이다. In other words, scraping the construction floor surface is to perform the unit block structure (1) so that the water is firmly located on the construction floor surface, the construction height adjustment.

도 4를 참조하면, 작업 공간부(115)를 콘크리트를 이용하여 매립한다. Referring to FIG. 4, the work space 115 is embedded using concrete.

도 5를 참조하면, 단위블록구조물(1) 상에 적어도 단위블록구조물(1')을 조립을 통해 설치하여 수직 다단 구조를 형성한다. 본 발명의 도면에는 단위블록구조물(1')을 한층 쌓은 것으로 도시하였으나, 다른 실시예를 통해 다수의 층으로 적층할 수 있다.Referring to FIG. 5, at least the unit block structure 1 ′ is installed on the unit block structure 1 to form a vertical multi-stage structure. Although the unit block structure 1 ′ is illustrated as being stacked in the drawing of the present invention, it may be stacked in multiple layers through other embodiments.

이때, 최하위의 단위블록구조물(1)을 구성하는 단위블록들을 제외한 나머지 단위블록, 즉 최하위의 단위블록구조물(1) 상에 적층되는 단위블록구조물(1') 구성하는 나머지 단위블록(11)들은 단위블록 구조물 상에 형성된 상부 삽입홈(113)에 대응하여 조립될 수 있도록 하부 돌출부(114')가 형성됨이 바람직하다. At this time, the remaining unit blocks excluding the unit blocks constituting the lowest unit block structure 1, that is, the remaining unit blocks 11 constituting the unit block structure 1 'stacked on the lowest unit block structure 1 are The lower protrusion 114 ′ is preferably formed to be assembled to correspond to the upper insertion groove 113 formed on the unit block structure.

그리고, 도 6에 도시된 바와 같이 블록구조물을 구성하는 각 단위블록(11)의 경계부와 블록구조물 양측의 삽입홈(111)과 돌출부(112) 사이를 콘크리트로 마감처리 한다. And, as shown in Figure 6 is finished between the boundary of each unit block 11 constituting the block structure and the insertion groove 111 and the protrusion 112 of both sides of the block structure with concrete.

즉, 블록구조물의 조립 상태만으로는 유수의 흐를 수 있으므로 이를 막기 위하여 각 단위블록(11) 경계부를 콘트리트를 이용하여 마감처리 한다.That is, since only the assembled state of the block structure may flow, the finish is processed by using a concrete boundary portion of each unit block 11 to prevent this.

그리고, 측면 삽입홈(111)과 측면 돌출부(112)들 사이를 콘크리트로 채워 마감하는 것이다. Then, the filling between the side insertion groove 111 and the side protrusions 112 is to finish.

이어서, 도 7에 도시된 바와 같이 콘크리트로 마감처리 한 블록 구조물의 전후 주변을 돌이나 자갈과 같은 보강재(119)를 이용하여 보강처리 한다.Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 7, the front and rear periphery of the block structure finished with concrete is reinforced using a reinforcing material 119 such as stone or gravel.

즉, 파도나 유수 또는 강풍에 의해 블록구조물이 손상될 수 있으므로 이를 방지하도록 하기 위하여 보강처리 하는 것이다.That is, the block structure may be damaged by waves, running water, or strong winds, so that the block structure may be reinforced.

도 1 내지 도 7은 본 발명의 토목 벽제 건설용 블록구조물 시공 방법을 나타낸 순차적인 시공 공정도.1 to 7 is a sequential construction process diagram showing a block structure construction method for civil wall construction of the present invention.

<도면의 주요 부분에 대한 부호 설명><Description of the symbols for the main parts of the drawings>

1,1' : 단위블록구조물1,1 ': unit block structure

11 : 단위블록 11: unit block

111 : 측면 삽입홈 112 : 측면 돌출부111: side insertion groove 112: side projection

113 : 상부 삽입홈 114 : 홈부113: upper insertion groove 114: groove portion

114' : 하부 돌출부             114 ': Lower protrusion

115 : 작업 공간부 116 : 모레115: work space 116: the day after tomorrow

117 : 수평 공간부 118 : 콘크리트117: horizontal space portion 118: concrete

119 : 보강재119: reinforcement

100 : 블록구조물 100: block structure

Claims (3)

일측면에 다수의 측면 삽입홈이 형성되고, 타측면에 상기 측면 삽입홈에 대응되는 형상의 다수의 측면 돌출부가 형성되며 수직으로 관통된 작업 공간부 및 공간 확보를 위한 공간부가 형성된 단위블록 결합체로 이루어지는 단위블록을 조립하여 단위블록구조물을 형성하는 단계와,A plurality of side insertion grooves are formed on one side, and a plurality of side protrusions of a shape corresponding to the side insertion grooves are formed on the other side, and a unit block assembly having a work space portion vertically penetrated and a space portion for securing a space. Assembling the unit block to form a unit block structure; 상기 단위블록구조물을 시공 위치의 바닥면에 위치시키는 단계와,Positioning the unit block structure on the bottom of the construction position; 상기 단위블록구조물의 다수의 작업 공간부를 통해 시공 바닥면 긁어 단위블록의 높이를 조절 하는 단계와,Adjusting the height of the unit block by scraping the construction floor surface through a plurality of working space of the unit block structure, 상기 작업 공간부를 콘크리트로 매립하는 단계와,Filling the work space with concrete; 상기 단위블록구조물 상에 적어도 한층 이상의 단위블록구조물을 조립하여 설치하는 단계를 포함함을 토목 벽제 건설용 블록구조물 시공 방법. A method of constructing a block structure for civil wall construction comprising the step of assembling and installing at least one or more unit block structures on the unit block structure. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1, 상기 단위블록구조물을 구성하는 각 단위블록의 경계부와 단위블록구조물 양측의 측면 삽입홈과 측면 돌출부 사이를 콘크리트로 마감하는 단계를 더 포함함을 특징으로 하는 토목 벽제 건설용 블록구조물 시공 방법. A method of constructing a block structure for civil wall construction, characterized in that it further comprises the step of finishing the concrete between the boundary of each unit block constituting the unit block structure and the side insertion grooves and side protrusions on both sides of the unit block structure. 제 2항에 있어서,The method of claim 2, 상기 콘크리트 마감 단계 후에 블록구조물의 전후를 보강재로 보강하는 단계 를 더 포함함을 특징으로 하는 토목 벽제 건설용 블록구조물 시공 방법. And reinforcing the front and rear of the block structure after the concrete finishing step with reinforcement.
KR1020080010830A 2008-02-01 2008-02-01 Method for execution a wall engineering works construction concrete block structure KR20090084571A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105586853A (en) * 2015-12-06 2016-05-18 于广 Combined type concrete frame slope protector and construction method thereof
CN107237299A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-10-10 扬州大学 Agricultural ecological gutter revetment brick and revetment structure and construction method
WO2018032597A1 (en) * 2016-08-19 2018-02-22 严贤达 Multi-purpose prefabricated panel structure and assembly thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105586853A (en) * 2015-12-06 2016-05-18 于广 Combined type concrete frame slope protector and construction method thereof
CN105586853B (en) * 2015-12-06 2018-02-06 于广 A kind of combined concrete sash bank protection and its construction method
WO2018032597A1 (en) * 2016-08-19 2018-02-22 严贤达 Multi-purpose prefabricated panel structure and assembly thereof
CN107237299A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-10-10 扬州大学 Agricultural ecological gutter revetment brick and revetment structure and construction method

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