KR20060116168A - Articulated train rake and car for making up such a rake - Google Patents

Articulated train rake and car for making up such a rake Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20060116168A
KR20060116168A KR1020060041126A KR20060041126A KR20060116168A KR 20060116168 A KR20060116168 A KR 20060116168A KR 1020060041126 A KR1020060041126 A KR 1020060041126A KR 20060041126 A KR20060041126 A KR 20060041126A KR 20060116168 A KR20060116168 A KR 20060116168A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
vehicle
rake
leading
ball joint
floor
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020060041126A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
알랭 기노
에릭 꼬르시모
실비 주놈므
Original Assignee
알스톰 트랜스포트 에스에이
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Filing date
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Family has litigation
Priority to FR0504630A priority Critical patent/FR2885339B1/en
Priority to FR0504630 priority
Application filed by 알스톰 트랜스포트 에스에이 filed Critical 알스톰 트랜스포트 에스에이
Publication of KR20060116168A publication Critical patent/KR20060116168A/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=35519948&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=KR20060116168(A) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F3/00Types of bogies
    • B61F3/12Types of bogies specially modified for carrying adjacent vehicle bodies of articulated trains
    • B61F3/125Types of bogies specially modified for carrying adjacent vehicle bodies of articulated trains with more than one axle or wheel set
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D3/00Wagons or vans
    • B61D3/10Articulated vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61GCOUPLINGS; DRAUGHT AND BUFFING APPLIANCES
    • B61G5/00Couplings for special purposes not otherwise provided for
    • B61G5/02Couplings for special purposes not otherwise provided for for coupling articulated trains, locomotives and tenders or the bogies of a vehicle; Coupling by means of a single coupling bar; Couplings preventing or limiting relative lateral movement of vehicles

Abstract

An articulated train rake and a vehicle for constituting the train rake are provided to dispose a ball joint at a height lower than or the same as the height of a pivot joint unit with respect to a rolling plane of the rake. An articulated train rake includes a plurality of vehicles(2) and a ball joint(14). The vehicle includes a body(4), at least one bogie(6), and a pivot joint unit(8). The body is positioned on the bogie. The pivot joint unit connects the body to the bogie. The ball joint is disposed at a height lower than or the same as the height of the pivot joint unit with respect to a rolling plane of the rake. The pivot joint unit is mounted to the bogie so that the body can be pivoted about an axis perpendicular to a rolling plane of the rake.

Description

Articulated train rakes and vehicles for constructing these rakes {ARTICULATED TRAIN RAKE AND CAR FOR MAKING UP SUCH A RAKE}

1 is a side view showing a portion of an articulated train rake according to the prior art.

2 is a side view showing a part of an articulated train rake according to the present invention.

3 shows an enlarged view of part III of FIG. 2, showing a pivot joint for the vehicle body and a ball joint between the vehicle and the preceding vehicle, and a passage between the two vehicles is omitted for clarity.

FIG. 4 is a plan view along arrow IV of FIG. 3, omitting the right half of the aisle and vehicle to illustrate the bogie and ball joint.

FIG. 5 is a plan view illustrating the ball joint in partial cross-section in FIGS. 3 and 4.

The present invention relates to an articulated train rake and a vehicle for constructing such a rake.

More specifically, according to the first aspect, the present invention,

A plurality of vehicles each of which is longitudinally aligned with a longitudinal leading end and a trailing end, and

For each vehicle, a ball joint between the leading end of the vehicle and the trailing end of the preceding vehicle

Including

Each said vehicle has a body, at least one bogie on which the body rests, and pivot joint means connecting said body with said body.

It is about an articulated train rake.

This type of rake is known in the prior art, a part of which is shown in FIG. 1 and comprises a plurality of vehicles V connected by passage C, the passenger passing from one vehicle to the other via passage C. Can be moved by vehicle. The floor P in the lake is relatively higher than the floor in the aisle area in the center of the vehicle and in the cabin in which the passenger is sitting. The difference in height is about 125 mm.

This difference in height is inconvenient for passengers who are trying to pull, especially with wheeled bags or the like, from one vehicle to the other.

It is an object of the present invention to provide an articulated train rake with which traffic between vehicles is easier than in the prior art.

For this purpose, according to the invention, the articulated train rake of the type described above is characterized in that the ball joint is arranged at a height lower than or equal to the pivot joint means with respect to the rolling plane of the rake.

The articulated train rake may also have one or more of the following features and a combination of these features.

The pivot joint means allows the body to be pivotally mounted to the bogie about an axis perpendicular to the rolling plane of the rake.

Each vehicle comprises a single bogie supporting the leading end of the vehicle, the trailing end of the vehicle being supported by the leading end of the subsequent vehicle via a ball joint.

The rake is in communication with the interior space of the vehicle body of the preceding vehicle, including a passage defining the interior space of the vehicle body for each vehicle, and a ball joint between the two vehicles is arranged below the passage.

Each body has a stepped floor comprising leading and trailing floors which are relatively high relative to the rolling plane of the rake and which are lower than the central floor.

The pivot joint is arranged under the leading bottom.

The bogie extends partially below the leading floor and below the passageway, and the ball joint is interposed vertically between the bogie and the passageway.

The view of each vehicle extends partially below the trailing floor of the body of the preceding vehicle.

The interior spaces of the respective bodywork and the passages in communication with the interior spaces of the preceding vehicle are defined by their respective floors extending at substantially the same height relative to the rolling plane of the rake.

Each bogie comprises two transverse axles spaced parallel in the longitudinal direction and the ball joint is arranged longitudinally between the two axles.

A ball joint connecting each vehicle with the preceding vehicle is arranged longitudinally at a distance of less than 2 m from the pivot joint means between the vehicle body and the bogie of the vehicle body.

The rake comprises a pantograph slidable along a catenary and arranged on a straight line perpendicular to the pivot joint means of the vehicle on one of the vehicles.

According to a second aspect, the present invention relates to a railway vehicle capable of forming a portion of an articulated rake, comprising a plurality of vehicles arranged in a longitudinal direction, the vehicle comprising: a vehicle body, at least one on which the vehicle body is placed; A bogie joint means for linking the vehicle body with the bogie, and ball joint means for cooperating with a corresponding ball joint means of a preceding vehicle such that the vehicle is joined by a ball joint, the ball joint means comprising: It is characterized in that it is disposed at the same height or lower than the pivot joint means with respect to the rolling plane of.

The vehicle may also have one or more of the following features and a combination of these features.

The vehicle comprises a passage portion at the leading end which forms a passage in communication with the corresponding passage portion of the preceding vehicle to communicate with the interior spaces of the vehicle bodies of the two vehicles.

The body has a stepped floor comprising a relatively high leading and trailing floor with respect to the rolling plane of the rake, and a relatively low central center, the pivot joint means being arranged below the leading floor.

The inner space of the vehicle body and the passageway portion is defined by the bottom of each floor extending at substantially the same height.

Further features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following non-limiting examples with reference to the accompanying drawings.

The articulated train rake, partly shown in FIG. 2, includes a leading powered vehicle, a trailing powered vehicle, and a plurality of vehicles longitudinally aligned between the two powered vehicles. The vehicle 2 is connected to each other and to a leading and trailing powered vehicle. The leading powered vehicle can drive the rake longitudinally forward of the arrow F in FIG. 2. The trailing power vehicle can drive the rake in the opposite direction.

In this specification, the leading, trailing, left and right sides are defined with respect to the direction of movement when the rake is driven by the leading powered vehicle.

Each vehicle 2 has a body 4, a bogie 6 on which the body 4 is placed by a leading end, a pivot joint means 8 connecting the body 4 with the bogie 6, and a preceding vehicle ( Ball joint means 10 cooperating with the corresponding ball joint means 12 of 4).

Ball joint means 10 are provided at the corresponding ball joint means 12 at the leading end of the vehicle 2 and at the trailing end of the preceding vehicle 2. The ball joint means 10 and the corresponding ball joint means 12 form a ball joint 14 between two vehicles, whereby the leading end of the vehicle 2 is connected to the trailing end of the preceding vehicle 2. I support it.

Thus, each vehicle is supported by the ball joint 14 at the leading end by the bogie 6 and at the trailing end by the subsequent vehicle 4.

In addition, the rake includes a passage 16 to allow the internal spaces 18 of the vehicle bodies of the two vehicles 2 to communicate with each successive pair of vehicles 2, respectively. For this purpose, each vehicle 2 comprises, on the leading side, a passage portion 20 cooperable with a corresponding passage portion 22 provided on the trailing side of the preceding vehicle 2, these two passage portions being longitudinal Attached in the direction to form the passage 16.

The interior space 18 of each vehicle body 4 follows the leading portion 24 in communication with the passage 16 leading to the preceding vehicle 2, the central portion 26 for receiving passengers, and the vehicle 2. It is divided into a trailing portion 28 in communication with a passage 16 connecting with the vehicle 2.

The leading portion 24, the central portion 26, the trailing portion 28 of the interior space 18, and the passages 16 on both sides in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle body 4 are defined by the bottom 29. The floor 29 extends at substantially the same height as the rolling plane of the rake throughout the interior space 18 and the passage 16.

Referring to FIG. 2, each car body 4 has a leading floor 32 and trailing floor 34 positioned at a relatively high height with respect to the rolling plane of the rake, and a relatively low height with respect to the rolling plane of the rake. It has a stepped floor 30 having a central floor 35 located.

The leading bottom 32, trailing bottom 34, and center bottom 35 are located below the leading portion 24, trailing portion 28, and central portion 26 of the interior space 18, respectively. do.

Referring to FIG. 3, bogie 6 includes frame 360, two axles 38 mounted on frame 36, four wheels 40 mounted in pairs on axle 38, and body 4. It includes two shock absorbers (42) interposed between the leading bottom (32) and the frame (36).

More specifically referring to FIG. 4, the frame 36 connects two longitudinal base bars 44 parallel to each other, and two longitudinal base bars 44 and two transverse cross bars parallel to each other ( 46). The axle 38 is mounted to two longitudinal ends of the two base bars 44. The cross bars 46 are arranged symmetrically about the middle transverse vertical plane of the two axles 38, each extending between this plane and one of the axles 38. Bogie 6 also includes a brake disc 48 mounted to the axle 38 and cooperating with a brake actuator 50 mounted to the cross bar 46.

Each shock absorber 42 rests on the base bar 44 and is disposed in the middle transverse vertical plane of the two axles 38.

The pivot joint means 8 is arranged below the leading floor 32, the leading bottom 32 of the body 4 pivots on the view 6 about the pivot axis A which is perpendicular to the rolling plane of the rake. Possibly mounted. The pivot joint means 8 is arranged in the middle transverse vertical plane of the two axles 38 and in the middle longitudinal vertical plane of the two cross bars 46. These means are of known type and will not be described in detail.

The ball joint means 10 comprises a leading arm 52 extending from the leading bottom 32 below the connecting passage 16 and a stirrup 54 integral with the leading arm 52.

3 and 4, the leading arm 52 includes a first portion extending downwardly and forwardly from the leading bottom 32, and a second portion horizontally extending forwardly. Stirrup 54 extends from a second portion of leading arm 52 and includes two parallel vent arms 56, each vent arm 56 transversely right from leading arm 52. A first portion extending into the first portion, and a second portion 60 in which the first portion 58 extends vertically.

The corresponding ball joint means 12 comprise a trailing arm 62 extending substantially longitudinally rearwardly from the trailing bottom 34. This trailing arm 62 is located directly above the first portion 58 of the vent arm 56. The corresponding ball joint means 12 also comprise a central plate 64 extending transversely right from the trailing arm 62. The center plate 64 is coupled between the second portions 60 of the stirrup 54. The space G remains between the plate 64 and the second portion 60 of the vent arm 56 on both sides of the plate 64, as shown in FIG. 5.

In the second portion 60 and the plate 64, cylindrical bores 66, 68 having coaxial and longitudinal axes are drilled, respectively.

Referring to FIG. 5, the bore 68 accommodates a ball 70, with a sleeve 72 of elastic material interposed between the ball 70 and the inner side of the bore 68. The ball 70 is generally made of rubber.

The ball joint means 10 also comprises a shaft 74 extending through the bore 66 of the two vent arms 56 and passing through the ball 70 provided with an orifice.

The ball 70 is firmly fixed so as not to move along the shaft 74 by any suitable means. The elastic sleeve 72 is integral with both the ball 70 and the plate 64.

Thus, it should be understood that angular displacement is possible between the trailing arm 62 and the stirrup 54 around the ball 70.

A portion of the bogie 6 located on the trailing side of the pivot axis A is arranged below the leading bottom 32 of the vehicle body 4. A portion of the view 6 extending forward of the pivot axis A first extends below the leading floor 32 and then below the passage 16 and finally the trailing floor 34 of the preceding vehicle 2. ) Is partially extended down. The foremost axle 38 extends in the region of the trailing end of the preceding vehicle 2.

4 shows a ball joint 14 positioned longitudinally below the passage 16. The ball joint 14 is also located between the two axles 38 of the bogie, specifically between the leading axle 38 of the bogie and the pivot axis A, more specifically, the leading cross bar 46. And between the leading axle 38.

The ball joint 14 is interposed vertically between the bogie 6 and the bottom of the connecting passage 16, more specifically between the leading axle 38 and the bottom of the connecting passage 16.

The ball joint 14 is arranged at a height lower than or equal to the pivot joint means 8 with respect to the rolling plane of the rake.

The ball 70 of the ball joint 14 is arranged at a distance of less than 2 m in the longitudinal direction from the axis A of the pivot joint means 8, preferably at a distance of 1 m from the pivot joint means 8.

The rake may comprise a vehicle having a pantograph arm 76 mounted to the roof of the vehicle body 4, the pantograph arm 76 being in a straight line with the axis A of the pivot joint means 8 of the roof. It is preferably arranged at the leading end.

The aforementioned train rake has several advantages.

The ball joint 14, which bends one vehicle 2 with the preceding vehicle, is offset forward with respect to the pivot joint means 8 of the vehicle 2 on the bogie 6. In addition, the ball joint 14 is arranged at a height lower than or equal to the pivot joint means 8. Therefore, it is possible to arrange the bottom of the passage 16 at the same height as the bottom of the interior space 18 of the vehicle 2.

In the prior art, as shown in FIG. 1, since the ball joint was disposed above the pivot joint means and below the passage, the bottom of the passage 16 was placed higher than the bottom of the central portion of the interior space 18 of the vehicle.

The ball joint 14 and pivot joint means 8 according to the new configuration of the present invention allow the bottom height of the passage 16 to be about 125 mm lower than in the prior art.

Thus, it is possible to have a floor of the same height across all vehicles of the rake so that passengers traveling from one vehicle to the other do not face a difference in height.

It should be understood that by separating the ball joint from the pivot joint, the overall lateral space occupied when the vehicle is bent is reduced. In the transverse width of the vehicle, the transverse protrusion distance to the rail is shortened when the vehicle is bent and run.

According to another aspect, it is possible to increase the transverse width of the vehicle body in the overall maximum transverse size when curved. For a 1 m displacement between the ball joint and the pivot joint means, a vehicle body width increase of 35 mm is possible.

Moreover, since the pivot joint means 8 is arrange | positioned under the leading part of the vehicle body 4, it is possible to install the pantograph arm 76 perpendicularly to the pivot joint means 8 in a straight line. This arrangement allows the pantograph arm to simply displace relative to the cutlery 78.

If the pivot joint means 8 is arranged below the leading portion of the vehicle body but not below the passage 16, the shock absorber 42 can be placed directly on the leading bottom 32 of the vehicle body 4.

The above-described train rake may have several variations within the scope of the present invention.

Thus, by alternatively lowering the bottom of the passageway and the bottom of the interior space of the vehicle body, a height difference is formed between these floors. For this reason, the height at the time of riding in the inside of a vehicle body from a platform may be low.

In a variant, the ball joint 14 between the vehicle and the preceding vehicle is arranged below the trailing floor 34 of the preceding vehicle, not below the floor of the passageway, so that the two vehicles are in communication.

The bogie 6 of the vehicle 2 may be connected to the trailing floor 34 of the vehicle body, rather than to the leading floor 32 of the vehicle body 4. In this case, the leading end of the vehicle 2 is supported by the trailing end of the preceding vehicle via the ball joint 14.

The invention also provides for each vehicle 2 two bogies 6, one bogie 6 lying under the leading floor 32 of the body 4 and the other bogie 6. Relates to an articulated train rake, which lies beneath the trailing bottom 34 of the body 4. In this case, the ball joint 14 only serves to bend one end of the vehicle 2 with the end of the preceding vehicle, and does not support the end of one vehicle.

The above-described train rake may be provided with electric power or heat power.

A vehicle having a ball joint 14 positioned below the pivot joint 8 may be a powered vehicle or a non-powered vehicle. The powered vehicle may be arranged at the end of the rake or at an intermediate position between the two non-powered vehicles.

According to the present invention, there is provided an articulated train rake, which allows for easier passage between vehicles compared to the prior art.

Claims (16)

  1. A plurality of vehicles 2 each longitudinally aligned with a leading and trailing end in the longitudinal direction, and
    For each vehicle 2, a ball joint 14 between the leading end of the vehicle 2 and the trailing end of the preceding vehicle 2.
    Including
    Each of the vehicles 2 has a body 4, at least one bogie 6 on which the body 4 rests, and pivot joint means connecting the body 4 with the body 6. 8)
    In articulated train rake,
    The ball joint 14 is arranged at a height lower than or equal to the pivot joint means 8 with respect to the rolling plane of the rake.
    Rake characterized in that.
  2. The method of claim 1,
    The pivot joint means (8) are characterized in that the body (4) is pivotally mounted to the bogie (6) about an axis (A) perpendicular to the rolling plane of the rake.
  3. The method according to claim 1 or 2,
    Each said vehicle 2 comprises a single bogie 6 supporting the leading end of the vehicle 2, the trailing end of the vehicle leading the subsequent vehicle 2 through the ball joint 14. Rake, characterized in that supported by the end.
  4. The method of claim 3,
    Each of the vehicles 2 includes a passage 16 for communicating the vehicle body internal space 18 of the vehicle 2 with the internal space of the vehicle body 4 of the preceding vehicle 2, wherein the two vehicles Rake, characterized in that the ball joint between (2) is disposed below the passage (16).
  5. The method of claim 4, wherein
    Each car body 4 has a leading floor 32 and a trailing floor 34 located above the rolling plane of the rake, and a stepped floor comprising a central floor 35 lower than the rolling plane of the rake. A rake characterized by having 30.
  6. The method of claim 5,
    The pivot joint means (8) is characterized in that it is arranged under the leading bottom (32).
  7. The method according to claim 5 or 6,
    The bogie 6 extends partially below the leading floor 32 and partially below the passage 16, with the ball joint 14 between the bogie 6 and the passage 16. Rake, characterized in that interposed perpendicular to the.
  8. The method of claim 7, wherein
    A bogie (6) of each said vehicle (2) is characterized in that it extends partially below the trailing floor (34) of the body (4) of the preceding vehicle (2).
  9. The method according to any one of claims 4 to 8,
    The lower surface of the inner space 18 of each of the vehicle bodies 4 and the lower surface of the passage 16 which communicates the inner space 18 with the inner space 18 of the preceding vehicle body 4 are rolling of the rake. Wherein the rake is defined by each floor extending at substantially the same height as the plane.
  10. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 9,
    Each bogie 6 comprises two transverse axles 38 spaced in parallel in the longitudinal direction and the ball joint 14 is disposed longitudinally between the two transverse axles 38. Rake characterized in that.
  11. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 10,
    A ball joint for connecting each said vehicle 2 with a preceding vehicle 2 has a distance of less than 2 m from said pivot joint means 8 between said body 4 and the bogie 6 of said vehicle 2. Rake, characterized in that disposed in the longitudinal direction.
  12. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 11,
    The rake includes a pantograph 76 slidable along a catenary 78, which pantograph 76 is a pivot joint of the vehicle 2 on top of one of the vehicles 2. Rake, characterized in that arranged in a straight line perpendicular to the means (8).
  13. In a railway vehicle capable of forming part of an articulated rake comprising a plurality of vehicles 2 aligned in a longitudinal direction,
    The vehicle 2 comprises a body 4, one or more bogies 6 on which the body 4 rests, pivot joint means 8 for connecting the body 4 with the bogie 6, and the vehicle. (2) comprises ball joint means cooperating with the corresponding ball joint means 12 of the preceding vehicle 2 to be engaged by the ball joint 14,
    The ball joint means (10) is characterized in that it is arranged at a height lower than or equal to the pivot joint means (8) with respect to the rolling plane of the vehicle.
  14. The method of claim 13,
    The vehicle is provided with a corresponding passage portion 22 of the preceding vehicle 2 to form, at the leading end, a passage 16 which communicates the internal space 18 of the vehicle body 4 of the two vehicles 2. A vehicle characterized in that it comprises a cooperating passage portion (20), wherein the ball joint means (10) of the vehicle (2) are arranged below the passage (16).
  15. The method of claim 14,
    The body has a stepped floor 30 comprising a leading floor 32 and a trailing floor 36 that are higher than the rolling plane of the rake and a central floor 35 that is lower than the rolling plane of the rake. And the pivot joint means (8) is arranged under the leading floor (32).
  16. The method of claim 15,
    The lower surface of the vehicle body (4) and the lower surface of the interior space (18) of the passage portion (20) are defined by respective floors extending at substantially the same height.
KR1020060041126A 2005-05-09 2006-05-08 Articulated train rake and car for making up such a rake KR20060116168A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR0504630A FR2885339B1 (en) 2005-05-09 2005-05-09 Articulated train rame and car for constituting such rame
FR0504630 2005-05-09

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KR20060116168A true KR20060116168A (en) 2006-11-14

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US (1) US20060260503A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1721803B2 (en)
JP (1) JP2006315671A (en)
KR (1) KR20060116168A (en)
CN (1) CN1880142B (en)
AT (1) AT397541T (en)
DE (1) DE602006001377D1 (en)
ES (1) ES2308693T3 (en)
FR (1) FR2885339B1 (en)

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Publication number Publication date
FR2885339B1 (en) 2007-06-15
FR2885339A1 (en) 2006-11-10
JP2006315671A (en) 2006-11-24
DE602006001377D1 (en) 2008-07-17
EP1721803B1 (en) 2008-06-04
ES2308693T3 (en) 2008-12-01
EP1721803A1 (en) 2006-11-15
CN1880142B (en) 2011-09-14
US20060260503A1 (en) 2006-11-23
CN1880142A (en) 2006-12-20
AT397541T (en) 2008-06-15
EP1721803B2 (en) 2020-10-21

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