KR20060026389A - Flame Retardant Additives Of Flame Retardant Styrofoam - Google Patents

Flame Retardant Additives Of Flame Retardant Styrofoam Download PDF

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KR20060026389A
KR20060026389A KR1020040076163A KR20040076163A KR20060026389A KR 20060026389 A KR20060026389 A KR 20060026389A KR 1020040076163 A KR1020040076163 A KR 1020040076163A KR 20040076163 A KR20040076163 A KR 20040076163A KR 20060026389 A KR20060026389 A KR 20060026389A
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water
powder
dissolved
porous
zeolite
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전창호
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K9/00Use of pretreated ingredients
    • C08K9/02Ingredients treated with inorganic substances
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G or C08H
    • C08J9/00Working-up of macromolecular substances to porous or cellular articles or materials; After-treatment thereof
    • C08J9/0066Use of inorganic compounding ingredients
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08JWORKING-UP; GENERAL PROCESSES OF COMPOUNDING; AFTER-TREATMENT NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G or C08H
    • C08J9/00Working-up of macromolecular substances to porous or cellular articles or materials; After-treatment thereof
    • C08J9/009Use of pretreated compounding ingredients
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/34Silicon-containing compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K7/00Use of ingredients characterised by shape
    • C08K7/22Expanded, porous or hollow particles
    • C08K7/24Expanded, porous or hollow particles inorganic
    • C08K7/26Silicon- containing compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L25/00Compositions of, homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by an aromatic carbocyclic ring; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L25/02Homopolymers or copolymers of hydrocarbons
    • C08L25/04Homopolymers or copolymers of styrene
    • C08L25/06Polystyrene
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/02Flame or fire retardant/resistant

Abstract

본 발명은 난연성 스티로폼의 난연성 첨가물에 관한 것으로서, 현재 단열, 보냉 등 건축자재로서 사용하고 있는 스티로폼이 화재 발생시 인화성이 강하여 인화시에 유독가스를 발생 시키는 문제점등을 개선 하고자 본 발명의 유기 및 무기 복합 난연성 분말을 5-20% 첨가하여 화재시에 열에 의하여 피막형성, 수분의 발생, 불활성기체를 발생시켜 산소를 차단하여 스티로폼이 불이 붙지 않고, 유독가스의 발생도 되지 않는 것을 특징으로 하는 난연성 스티로폼의 난연성 첨가물에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a flame retardant additive of flame retardant styrofoam, and to improve the problems such as styrofoam, which is currently used as a building material such as heat insulation and cold insulation, to generate toxic gas at the time of fire due to the high flammability in case of fire. Flame-retardant styrofoam characterized by adding 5-20% of flame retardant powder to prevent film formation, generation of moisture and inert gas by heat in case of fire to block oxygen, so that styrofoam does not catch fire and does not generate toxic gas. Relates to flame retardant additives.

본 발명은 중량 %로, (1). 물: 25%, 에 요소 75%, 용해 (2). 물 25%,에 염화마그네슘 75%, 용해 (3). 물 60%에 제1인산암모늄 20%, 제2인산암모늄20%를 용해 (4). 물 50%,에 탄산칼리 50%를 용해 (5). 물 50%, 에 황산반토 50%를 용해 (6). 물 50%, 에 염화알루미늄 50%를 용해 (7). 물 50%, 에 중탄산소다 50%를 용해 (8). 물 60%, 에 규산소다 40%를 용해 (9). 액상의 인산 알루미나 100% (10). 노르말 핵산 90%,에 폴리부텐 10% 를 용해.The present invention is by weight (1). Water: 25%, urea 75%, dissolved (2). 25% of water, 75% of magnesium chloride, dissolved (3). Dissolve 20% of the first ammonium phosphate and 20% of the diammonium diphosphate in 60% of water (4). Dissolve 50% of calcium carbonate in 50% of water (5). Dissolve 50% of water and 50% of alumina sulfate in (6). Dissolve 50% of water and 50% of aluminum chloride in (7). Dissolve 50% of water and 50% of sodium bicarbonate in (8). 60% of water and 40% of sodium silicate are dissolved in (9). Liquid alumina phosphate 100% (10). Dissolves 10% of polybutene in 90% of normal nucleic acid.

(1)-(10)의 용해된 조성물을 각각 조성물 중량비에 화이트 카본(실리카)80%를 첨가하여 분산 혼합하고 건조하여 만들어진 분말에 각각의 조성물 중량에 10%의 스테아린산 아연 10%, 스테아린산 마그네슘 10% 을 첨가하여 완성한것에 그 특징이 있는 것으로 한다.10% zinc stearate 10% and magnesium stearate 10% to the weight of each composition to a powder prepared by dispersing, mixing and drying the dissolved composition of (1)-(10) by adding 80% of white carbon (silica) to the composition weight ratio, respectively. It is supposed that there is such a feature to the finished product by adding%.

요소, 염화마그네슘, 제1,2인산암모늄, 탄산칼리, 황산반토, 염화알루미늄, 중탄산소다, 인산알루미나, 스테아린산 아연, 규산소다, 스테아린산 마그네슘, 폴리부텐, 노르말 핵산.Urea, magnesium chloride, ammonium dibasic, ammonium phosphate, calcium carbonate, alumina sulfate, aluminum chloride, sodium bicarbonate, alumina phosphate, zinc stearate, sodium silicate, magnesium stearate, polybutene, normal nucleic acid.

Description

난연성 스티로폼의 난연성 첨가물{omitted}Flame retardant additive of flame retardant styrofoam

본 발명은 난연성 스티로폼의 난연성 첨가물에 관한 것으로, 통상의 스티로폼의 원료로서 폴리스티렌(PS)92-96%에 발포제(부탄, 펜탄 가스함유)2-7%, 와 난연제(F, Cl, Br)1% 함유 되어있는 발포스틸렌 즉 EPS(Expanded poly Styrene) 원료를 구매하여 스티로폼을 생산하고 있으며, 생산 공정중에 삼산화안티몬(Sb₂O₃)를 첨가하여 난연성의 기능을 부여하고 있으나 기존의 첨가물은 강력한 중금속으로 2차적인 환경문제로 화재발생시 활로겐 화합물발생, 활로겐화 다이옥신 및 퓨란발생등 가공기기를 부식시키며, 금형부식, 수지분해, 착색등의 원인이 되며, 유독의 가스를 다량 방출하는 등의 문제점을 해결코자 본 발명은 유기 및 무기계 복합 합성물로서 요소, 제1,2인산암모늄, 염화마그네슘, 탄산카리, 황산반토, 염화알루미륨, 중탄산소다, 인산알루미나, 규산소다, 등을 물에 용해하여 다공성의 규소산화물 즉 화이트 카본, 규조토, 제올라이트등의 다공성 미네날분말에 함침 하여 건조하여 만들어진 분말로서 스티로폼의 제조 공정중에 첨가하여 난연성 및 유독의 가스의 발생이 없는 난연성 스티로폼의 난연성 첨가물에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a flame retardant additive of flame retardant styrofoam, as a raw material of ordinary styrofoam, 92 to 96% of polystyrene (PS), 2-7% of blowing agent (butane, pentane gas), and flame retardant (F, Cl, Br) 1. Styrofoam is produced by purchasing foamed styrene containing EPS (Expanded poly Styrene) and adding antimony trioxide (Sb₂O₃) during the production process to provide flame retardancy, but the existing additives are strong heavy metals. In order to solve the problem of corrosive processing equipment such as generation of halogen compounds, generation of activating dioxins and furan in case of fire, it can cause mold corrosion, resin decomposition, coloring, and release large amount of toxic gas. The present invention is an organic and inorganic composite compound, urea, ammonium dibasic, ammonium phosphate, magnesium chloride, copper carbonate, alumina sulfate, aluminium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, alumina phosphate, silicic acid C. A powder made by dissolving in water and impregnating porous silicon oxide, ie, white carbon, diatomaceous earth, zeolite, etc., and drying it, and added during the manufacturing process of styrofoam, and flame-retardant styrofoam without generation of flame retardant and toxic gas. Relates to flame retardant additives.

일반적으로 스티로폼 및 플라스틱의 난연화 방법에 있어서 분자구조 변경을 통한 내열성 플라스틱의 제조, 난연성분을 플라스틱 구조내에 화학적으로 결합한 반응형 난연제, 난연제를 플라스틱 내에 물리적으로 첨가한 첨가형 난연제, 기타 난연제 코팅, 또는 페인팅 하거나 제품의 디자인 변경을 통한 내열성 향상 등의 방법이 있다.In general, in the flame retardant method of styrofoam and plastics, the production of heat-resistant plastics by modifying the molecular structure, a reactive flame retardant chemically bonded with a flame retardant component in the plastic structure, an additional flame retardant in which a flame retardant is physically added to the plastic, or other flame retardant coatings, or There are ways to improve heat resistance by painting or changing the design of the product.

플라스틱의 난연화에 사용되는 난연제의 구분에는 크게 구성성분에 의한 분류와 사용법에 의한 분류로 나눌 수 있는데, 구성성분에 의한 분류로서 유기계로서 인계, 인,할로겐화합물, 할로겐계, 브롬화합물, 염소화합물, 금속수산화물등이 있다.The flame retardant used for plastic flame retardant can be divided into classification by component and usage.In the classification by component, phosphorus, phosphorus, halogen compound, halogen compound, bromine compound, chlorine compound as organic type And metal hydroxides.

본 발명은 첨가형 난연화·방법으로서, 제조방법이 용이하고, 난연성이 우수하고, 2종이상의 난연제의 혼합사용이 가능 하고 시너시 효과로 인하여 난연성을 극대화 할 수 있는 장점이 있으며, 친환경적이고, 스티로폼 본연의 물성을 저하 시키지 않으며, 난연성을 저하 시키지도 않으며, 가공과 성형이 쉽고, 제조방법이 용이하다.The present invention is an additive type flame retardant and method, which is easy to manufacture, has excellent flame retardancy, can be used in combination of two or more flame retardants, and has the advantage of maximizing flame retardancy due to synergistic effect, and is environmentally friendly, styrofoam It does not reduce the inherent physical properties, does not reduce the flame retardancy, is easy to process and form, and the manufacturing method is easy.

본 발명은 상기와 같은 종래의 문제점을 해결하기 위해 안출한 것으로서, 스티로폼 제조 공정중 1차 발포 공정과 2차 발포 공정 중에 본 발명의 난연성 첨가물을 첨가하여 만들어진 난연성 스티로폼은 화재 발생시에 첨가물의 특성 때문에 수분의 발생, 피막형성, 불활성기체의 발생으로 산소를 차단하여 불이 붙지 않으며, 유독가스의 발생이 없는 것이 그 특징으로서, 상기와 같이 본 발명의 난연성 조성물등은 수소이온농도(PH)가 산성 및 알칼리로서 물에 용해시에 함께 용해시키면 겔 화 및 침전반응이 발생하여 문제점이 있고 하여 각각의 물질을 각각 물에 용해하였다. 본 발명의 액상의 조성물을 스티로폼 제조공정중에 첨가하여 난연성 스티로폼을 만드는 것이 불가능 하므로 각각의 용해된 물을 다공성 무기계 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL, TIXOLEX, AEROSIL), 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙 등 다공성 산화 미네날 분말에 첨가하여 건조한 분말을 스티로폼 제조공정에 첨가하여 난연성 스티로폼의 난연성 첨가물을 제공 하는데 있다.The present invention has been made to solve the above conventional problems, the flame retardant styrofoam made by adding the flame-retardant additive of the present invention during the primary foaming process and the secondary foaming process of the styrofoam manufacturing process is due to the characteristics of the additives in the event of fire It is characterized by the fact that it does not catch fire by blocking oxygen due to moisture generation, film formation, and inert gas generation, and there is no generation of toxic gas. As described above, the flame retardant composition of the present invention has a hydrogen ion concentration (PH) acidity. And when dissolved in water as an alkali when dissolved together in water, there is a problem that the gelation and precipitation reaction occurs, so that each substance was dissolved in each water. Since it is impossible to make a flame retardant styrofoam by adding the liquid composition of the present invention during the styrofoam manufacturing process, each dissolved water is dissolved in white carbon (ZEOSIL, TIXOLEX, AEROSIL), diatomaceous earth, zeolite, perlite, disintegrating stone, and carbon. The dry powder is added to the porous oxidized mineral powder such as black to add the flame retardant styrofoam to the styrofoam manufacturing process.

1. 본 발명은 중량 %로, (1). 물:25%에, 요소:75%를 용해, (2). 물:25%에, 염화마그네슘:75%를 용해, (3). 물:60%에, 제1인산암모늄:20% 와, 제2인산암모늄:20%를 용해, (4). 물:50%에, 탄산칼리:50%를 용해, (5). 물:50%에, 황산반토:50%를 용해, (6). 물:50%에, 염화알루미늄:50%를 용해, (7). 물:50%에 중탄산소다:50%를 용해, (8). 물:60%에,규산소다:40%를 용해, (9). 액상의 인산알루미나: 100%, (10). 노르말 핵산:90%에, 폴리부텐:10%용해, 한 각각의 조성물을 그 특징으로 한다.1. This invention is weight% and (1). In water: 25%, urea: 75% is dissolved (2). Magnesium chloride: 75% is dissolved in 25% of water (3). In water: 60%, 20% of monoammonium phosphate and 20% of diammonium phosphate are dissolved (4). In 50% of water, 50% of carbonate was dissolved (5). Aqueous alumina: 50% is dissolved in water: 50%, (6). In 50% of water, 50% of aluminum chloride is dissolved (7). Sodium bicarbonate: 50% is dissolved in water: 50%, (8). In water: 60%, sodium silicate: 40% is dissolved (9). Liquid alumina phosphate: 100%, (10). It is characterized by each composition which melt | dissolved in normal nucleic acid: 90% and polybutene: 10%.

2. 1의 (1)-(10)각각의 조성물 50%를 (예를 들어 각각의 조성물이 1,000그람의 경우 각각 500그람) 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL 또는 TIXOLEX,AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말) 60%를 첨가(예를 들어 (1)-(10)각각의 조성물 500그람의 경우 500그람의 60%인 300그람)하여 분산 후 건조한 것에 그 특징으로 한다.2. White carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, perlite) is a silicon oxide of 50% of each composition (1)-(10) of 1 (for example 500 grams each for 1,000 grams of each composition). , Disperse stone, carbon black, porous oxide powder (60%) is added (for example, (1)-(10) 500 grams of each composition 500 grams of 300 grams (300 grams of 500 grams of 500 grams)), and then dried do.

3. 위 2의(1)-(10)각각의 분말을 조성비에 대하여 실시예를 들어서 상세히 설명 하면 다음과 같다.3. The powder of each of the above (1)-(10) will be described in detail with reference to Examples for the composition ratio as follows.

(실시예 1)(Example 1)

1. (1)물:25%에, 요소:75%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트 카본(ZEOSIL, 또는 TIXOLEX,AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말): 60%에 첨가 분산 혼합하여 건조한 분말 :10%.1. (1) Water: 25%, 50% of urea: 75% is dissolved in white carbon (ZEOSIL, or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, alveolar stone, carbon black, porous oxide powder) ): Powder added by 60% dispersion mixing and drying: 10%.

2. (2)물:25%에, 염화마그네슘:75%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL 또는 TIXOLEX, AESOSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말):60%에 첨가 분산 혼합하여 건조한 분말: 5%.2. (2) White carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AESOSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, calcite stone, carbon black, porous mineral oxide powder) which is 50% of water: 25%, magnesium chloride: 75% dissolved ): Powder added by 60% dispersion mixing and drying: 5%.

3. (3)물:60%에 , 제1인산암모늄:20%와, 제2인산암모늄:20%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL 또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말):60%에 첨가 분산 혼합하여 건조한 분말: 15%.3. (3) White carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, which is a porous silicon oxide, 50% dissolved in water: 60%, first ammonium phosphate: 20% and second ammonium phosphate: 20%) Pearlite, pulverized stone, carbon black, porous mineral oxide powder): added to 60%, dispersed and mixed, and dried powder: 15%.

4. (4)물:50%에, 탄산칼리:50%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL 또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말):60%에 첨가 분산 혼합하여 건조한 분말: 5%.4. (4) White carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, calcite stone, carbon black, porous mineral oxide powder) which is 50% of water: 50% and 50% of carbonate: 50% ): Powder added by 60% dispersion mixing and drying: 5%.

5. (5)물:50%에, 황산반토:50%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL 또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포 석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말):60%에 첨가 분산 혼합하여 건조한 분말: 5%.5. (5) 50% of water: 50%, alumina sulfate: 50% is dissolved in white carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, alveolar stone, carbon black, porous oxide) Powder): Add to 60%, disperse, mix and dry powder: 5%.

6. (6)물:50%에, 염화알루미늄:50%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL 또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네랄분말):60%에 첨가 분산 혼합하여 건조한 분말: 20%.6. (6) Water: 50%, 50% of aluminum chloride: 50% is dissolved in white carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, calculus, carbon black, porous mineral oxide powder) ): Powder added by 60% dispersion mixing and drying: 20%.

7. (7)물:50%에 중탄산소다:50%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL 또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말):60%에 분산 건조한 분말:10%.7. (7) White carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, calcite stone, carbon black, porous minine oxide powder) which is 50% of water: 50% dissolved sodium bicarbonate: 50% in porous silicon oxide Dry powder dispersed in 60%: 10%.

8. (8)물:60%에, 규산소다:40%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말):60%에 첨가 분산 혼합하여 건조한 분말:10%.8. (8) 50% of water: 60%, sodium silicate: 40% dissolved in white carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, calcite stone, carbon black, porous oxide powder) ): Powder added by 60% dispersion mixing and drying: 10%.

9. (9)액상의 인산알루미나 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본 (ZEOSIL또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙,다공성 산화미네날분말):60%에 첨가 분산 혼합 건조한 분말:15%.9. (9) Add 50% of liquid alumina phosphate to white carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, calcite stone, carbon black, porous mineral oxide powder) which is porous silicon oxide. Powder: 15%.

10.(10)노르말 핵산:90%에, 폴리부텐:10%를 용해한50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL,또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말):60%에 첨가 분산 혼합하여 건조한 분말: 5%.10. (10) Normal nucleic acid: White carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, symmetrical stone, carbon black, porous oxidation Powder (mineral powder): added to 60%, dispersed, mixed and dried: 5%.

11. 스테아린산 아연(또는 스테아린산 마그네슘):5%11.Zinc stearate (or magnesium stearate): 5%

위의 실시예1의 조성물을 스티로폼 제조 생산 1차발포 공정중 발포스틸렌(EPS)중량비애 10-20중량% 첨가하여 1차 발포하고, 성형공정 전 10-20중량% 첨가하여 성형 완성된 난연성 스티로폼에 그 특징이 있는 난연성 스티로폼 난연성 첨가물에 특징이 있다.The composition of Example 1 above was first foamed by adding 10-20% by weight of foamed styrene (EPS) weight ratio during the first foaming process of producing styrofoam, and then 10-20% by weight before the molding process was completed to form a flame-retardant styrofoam. It is characterized by the flame retardant styrofoam flame retardant additive which is characteristic.

위의 발명의 구성과 실시예에서 나타난 조성물들의 특징들을 살펴보면 다음과 같다.Looking at the characteristics of the composition shown in the configuration and examples of the above invention are as follows.

요소(urea)의 화학식은 CO(NH₂)₂로 무색투명하며, 비중 1.335, 융점 132.7℃로 수용액을 가열하면 서서히 암모니아와 탄산가스를 발생하여 산소를 차단 한다. 황산반토(aluminum sulfate)dml 화학식은 Al₂(SO₄)₃.18H₂O, 18수화물로서 무색결정, 비중 1.69, 융점 86.5℃ 물에 녹으며, 알콜에는 녹지 않는다. 화재발생시 피막의 형성 및 수분이 발생한다. 염화알루미늄(Aluminum chloride)의 화학식은 AlCl₃.6H₂O로서 불활성기체를 발생시켜 난연 기능제로 첨가 하였다. 염화마그네슘(Magnesium chlorid)의 화학식은 MgCl₂2H₂O로서 비중은 1.569, 100℃에서 수분발생을 하며, 가열하면 무수물이 않되고, 가수분해되고, 200℃에서는 염화수소를 발생하여 옥시염화마그네슘으로 변하고, 약 600℃에서는 마그네시아가 된다. 중탄산소다(sodium bicarbonate)의 화학식은 NaHCO₃로 수용액은 가수분해에 따라서 약알카리성을 나타내고, 65℃이상에서 급격히 분해하며, 비중은 2.208, 가열하면 CO₂를 발생한다. 인산암모늄 (ammonium phosphate)로서 제1인산암모늄(ammonium phosphate monobasic)의 화학식은 NH₄H₂PO₄로서 무색, 무취이며, 공기중에 안정 되고, 물에 녹으며, 190℃ 가열하면 물과 암모니아를 발생한다. 제2인산암모늄(Ammonium phosphate dibasic)의 화학식은 (NH₄)₂HPO₄로서 열에 분해되며, 물에 잘녹고, 155℃가열하면 불활성 기체를 발생한다. 탄산칼리 및 인산알루미나등의 조성물은 위의 조성물들의 특징과 같이 열에 의하여 수분의 발생 및 불활성기체를 발생 시켜 난연제의 기능으로서 첨가하였고 규산소다 및 폴리부텐은 스티로폼의 가소제 역할 및 규소산화물등이 스티로폼과 함께 접착제 역할제로 사용하였다. 또한 스테아린산 아연 및 스테아린 마그네슘은 화재 발생시 첨가물들의 유해가스등의 차단과 스티로폼이 열에 의하여 급작스런 용융을 방해하여 스티로폼의 붕괴시간을 지연시키기 위하여 사용하였다. 이에 있어서 본 첨가물들의 특징으로 화재발생시 난연성의 스티로폼을 제공 하는 데에 그 특징이 있으며, 화이트카본 및 다공성 산화미네날분말등에 본 발명의 조성물들의 물에 함께 합성할 때 발생되는 겔화 및 침전의 문제점이 없으며, 다공성 미네날분말에 침전시켜 분말화 한 것이 특징이라 할 수 있다.The chemical formula of urea is colorless and transparent with CO (NH₂) ₂. When the aqueous solution is heated to a specific gravity of 1.335 and a melting point of 132.7 ° C, ammonia and carbon dioxide are gradually generated to block oxygen. Aluminum sulfate dml Chemical formula is Al₂ (SO₄) ₃.18H₂O, 18-hydrate, colorless crystal, specific gravity 1.69, melting point 86.5 ℃, soluble in water, insoluble in alcohol. In case of fire, film formation and moisture are generated. The chemical formula of aluminum chloride was AlCl₃.6H₂O, which generated an inert gas and added it as a flame retardant. The formula of magnesium chloride (Magnesium chlorid) is MgCl₂2H₂O, specific gravity is 1.569, water generation at 100 ℃, it is not anhydride when heated, it is hydrolyzed, hydrogen chloride is generated at 200 ℃ to change to magnesium oxychloride, at about 600 ℃ Become magnesia. The chemical formula of sodium bicarbonate is NaHCO₃, the aqueous solution shows weak alkalinity according to hydrolysis, and rapidly decomposes at 65 ℃ or higher, specific gravity is 2.208, and CO₂ is generated when heated. Ammonium phosphate (ammonium phosphate monobasic) The chemical formula of ammonium phosphate monobasic is NH₄H₂PO₄, colorless and odorless, stable in air, soluble in water, and water and ammonia when heated to 190 ℃. Ammonium phosphate dibasic is a chemical formula (NH₂) ₂HPO₄, decomposed to heat, soluble in water, and heated at 155 ° C to generate an inert gas. Compositions such as carbonate and alumina phosphate were added as a flame retardant function by generating moisture and inert gas by heat as the characteristics of the above compositions. Sodium silicate and polybutene act as a plasticizer of styrofoam and silicon oxide such as styrofoam. It was used together as an adhesive role. In addition, zinc stearate and magnesium stearate were used to delay styrofoam decay time by blocking harmful gases of additives and preventing styrofoam sudden melting due to heat during fire. In this regard, the additives are characterized by providing flame retardant styrofoam in the event of a fire, and there is no problem of gelation and precipitation generated when synthesizing the water of the compositions of the present invention to white carbon and porous oxide powder. It is characterized by being powdered by precipitating on porous mineral powder.

상술한 바와 같이 본 발명에 위하면 스티로폼 제조 공정시 본 발명의 첨가물을 첨가하여 만들어진 난연성 스티로폼은 화재 발생시 불이 붙지 않았으며, 유독가스의 발생도 없어 유용한 효과가 있었다.As described above, the flame retardant styrofoam made by adding the additive of the present invention in the styrofoam manufacturing process did not catch fire during the fire, and there was no toxic gas.

Claims (1)

중량 %로, (1). 물:25%에, 요소:75%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL, 또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말):60%에 첨가 분산 혼합하여 건조한 분말: 10%. (2).물:25%에, 염화마그네슘:75%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL, 또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말):60%에 첨가 분산 혼합하여 건조한 분말: 5%. (3). 물:60%에, 제1인산암모늄:20%와 제2인산암모늄20%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL 또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말):60%에 첨가 혼합하여 건조한 분말:15%. (4). 물:50%에, 탄산칼리:50%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL 또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네랄분말):60%에 첨가 분산하여 건조한 분말:5%. (5). 물:50%에, 황산반토:50%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL 또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말):60%에 첨가 분산 혼합하여 건조한 분말:5%. (6). 물:50%에, 염화알루미늄:50%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL 또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말):60%에 첨가 분산 혼합하여 건조한 분말: 20%. (7). 물:50%에 중탄산소다:50%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL 또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말):60%에 첨가 분산 건조한 분말:10%. (8). 물:60%에, 규산소다:40%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL 또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말): 60%에 첨가 분산 혼합하여 건조한 분말: 10%. (9). 액상의 인산알루미나 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL 또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말):60%에 첨가 분산 혼합하여 건조한 분말:15%. (10). 노르말 핵산:90%에, 폴리부텐:10%를 용해한 50%를 다공성의 규소산화물인 화이트카본(ZEOSIL 또는 TIXOLEX, AEROSIL 또는 규조토, 제올라이트, 펄라이트, 해포석, 카본블랙, 다공성 산화미네날분말):60%에 첨가 혼합하여 건조한 분말: 5%. (11)스테아린산 아연(또는 스테아린산 마그네슘):5%의 조성물에 그 특징이 있는 난연성 스티로폼의 난연성 첨가물.In weight% (1). Water: 25%, 50% of urea: 75% dissolved in white carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, scattered stone, carbon black, porous oxide powder): 60% Dry powder by addition dispersion mixing: 10%. (2). Water: 25%, Magnesium chloride: 75%, 50% of white carbon (ZEOSIL, or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL, or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, disintegrated stone, carbon black, porous oxide powder) ): Powder added by 60% dispersion mixing and drying: 5%. (3). 50% of water: 60% dissolved in 20% of ammonium phosphate and 20% of diammonium phosphate was dissolved in white carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, calculated stone, carbon black, Porous miner oxide powder): Add to 60%, dry powder: 15%. (4). 50% of water: 50% of dissolved carbonic acid: 50% of the white carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, scattered stone, carbon black, porous mineral powder) which is a porous silicon oxide: 60% Powder dispersed by addition and drying: 5%. (5). 50% of water: 50%, alumina sulfate: 50%, and 50% of the white carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, alveolar stone, carbon black, and porous oxide powder) which are porous silicon oxides: 60% Additive dispersion mix and dry powder: 5%. (6). 50% of water: 50% of aluminum chloride: 50% of which is dissolved in white carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, vesicles, carbon black, and porous oxide powder): 60% of porous silicon oxide Dry powder by addition dispersion mixing: 20%. (7). 50% of water: 50% dissolved in sodium bicarbonate: 50% added to white carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, alveolar stone, carbon black, porous mineral powder): 60% of porous silicon oxide Dispersed dry powder: 10%. (8). 50% of water: 60%, sodium silicate: 40% dissolved, white carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, vesicles, carbon black, porous oxide powder): 60% of porous silicon oxide Dry powder by addition dispersion mixing: 10%. (9). 50% of liquid alumina phosphate is added to white carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, calcite stone, carbon black, porous mineral oxide powder), which is a porous silicon oxide. . (10). Normal nucleic acid: 50% of polybutene: 10% dissolved in 90% of the white carbon (ZEOSIL or TIXOLEX, AEROSIL or diatomaceous earth, zeolite, pearlite, alveolar stone, carbon black, and porous oxide powder): 60% Powder mixed by addition to dry: 5%. (11) Zinc stearate (or magnesium stearate): A flame retardant additive of flame retardant styrofoam characterized by the composition of 5%.
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KR102040102B1 (en) * 2018-06-18 2019-11-27 이은수 Environment-friendly multifunctional flame-retardant coating agent and method for producing the flame-retardant coating agent

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