KR20050021212A - Method of human work cultivation by using high density of Rhizoma Gastrodiae - Google Patents

Method of human work cultivation by using high density of Rhizoma Gastrodiae Download PDF

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KR20050021212A
KR20050021212A KR1020030059341A KR20030059341A KR20050021212A KR 20050021212 A KR20050021212 A KR 20050021212A KR 1020030059341 A KR1020030059341 A KR 1020030059341A KR 20030059341 A KR20030059341 A KR 20030059341A KR 20050021212 A KR20050021212 A KR 20050021212A
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oak
soil
logs
oak logs
cultivation
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Korean (ko)
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한상노
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한상노
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0256Ground coverings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/25Root crops, e.g. potatoes, yams, beet or wasabi
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/22Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F11/00Other organic fertilisers

Abstract

PURPOSE: A method for ultra high-density artificial cultivation of Gastrodiae Rhizoma by using oak logs sprayed with nutritious liquid containing oak wood vinegar, unrefined sugar, calcium carbonate and water, and an optimized drainage structure is provided. It radically removes root rot and yields 3 time more than conventional methods. CONSTITUTION: After excavating soil to a depth of 50 cm from a ground surface and leveling the soil, oak logs(1) are spread on soil in 15 rows by an ultra high-density manner, spawn(2) is inserted between oak logs, Gastrodiae Rhizoma seeds(3) are spread thereon. The Gastrodiae Rhizoma seeds are covered with soil to a depth of 20cm or more after planting to make a ridge(4) which is covered with rice straw(5) and installed with a lightproof covering(6) to maintain a soil humidity of about 45%. In the process for preparing oak logs, oak logs are cut to 40cm and sprayed with nutritious liquid containing oak wood vinegar, unrefined sugar, calcium carbonate and water in a ratio of 8:1:1:90 at 100 to 104deg.C for 24hr.

Description

천마 초밀식 인공재배 방법{Method of human work cultivation by using high density of Rhizoma Gastrodiae}Method of human work cultivation by using high density of Rhizoma Gastrodiae}

본 발명은 천마를 초밀식 인공 재배하는 방법에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a method of artificially cultivating cheon horse.

천마는 백합목 난초과(Gastrodia elata)에 속하는 고등식물로 잔뿌리가 없어 하를 에서 떨어진 마라는 의미에서 붙어진 이름이다. 엽록소가 거의 없고 실뿌리도 없어 자가 영양을 위하지 못해 뽕나무 버섯균사와의 기생에 의해서만 자랄 수 있는 기생식물이다. 천마의 모양은 고구마와 비슷한 형태의 크기며 꽃대는 60∼100cm정도 자란다. 이러한 생육상태 때문에 최근까지도 인공재배가 불가능하였을 뿐만 아니라 번식 조건상 자연 산출량도 극히 적어서 예로부터 한약재로만 귀하게 이용되었을 뿐으로 인삼과 같이 대중화되지 못하였다. 예로부터 정풍초라는 이름으로 불리기도 하는데, 이것은 중풍을 치료하는 약초란 뜻으로 뇌신경 계통의 영약으로 또 산삼에 버금가는 약초로 알려져 왔다.Cheonma is a higher plant belonging to the genus Gastrodia elata, and is named in the sense that it had no roots and fell from Haar. It is a parasitic plant that can grow only by parasitic with mulberry mushroom mycelium because it has little chlorophyll and no thread roots for self-nourishment. The shape of Cheonma is similar in size to sweet potatoes and the flower stalk grows about 60-100cm. Due to this growth condition, not only artificial cultivation was possible until recently, but also the natural yield was very low due to the propagation conditions, so it was rarely used only as a herbal medicine since ancient times, and it was not popularized like ginseng. It is also called Jeongpoongcho since ancient times. It is a herb that cures paralysis, and it is known as a medicine for the cranial nerve system and a herb comparable to wild ginseng.

천마는 중 저온성, 중습성 기생식물로써 생육온도 범위가 10~30℃이며 적온은 20~25℃이다. 또 천마는 토양의 수분이 적으면 생육이 정지되거나 건조하기 시작하며 과습은 종마와 균사속의 좋지 않은 영양을 준다 비가 수일간 을 때는 배수가 잘되는 장소라도 잘 살피어 토양의 수분이 40~50%의 습도를 유지할 수 있도록 배수관리를 잘하여야 한다.Chunma is a low-temperature, medium-humidity parasitic plant with a growth temperature of 10 ~ 30 ℃ and a red temperature of 20 ~ 25 ℃. In addition, if the soil moisture is low, the growth stops or starts to dry. Over-humidity gives poor nutrition of the stallion and mycelia. When rain rains for several days, it checks well even in well-drained places. Soil moisture is 40-50%. Good drainage should be maintained to maintain

종래의 재배방법은 다음과 같다.Conventional cultivation method is as follows.

종래의 재배 방법 [도1](특 1996-0003572)는 참나무원목을 길이 20cm로 자르고 횡단면을 세워 밑마구리에 종균과 자마를 옆으로 넣고 두둑을 만드는 인공재배방식으로 종균의 번식으로 인한 균사의 영양분 공급에 한정이 있으므로 자마의 생육에 대한 영양공급이 적어 수확량의 증가를 보이지 못하고 또 배수로가 자마보다 위에 있는 경향이 많아 우수 시 배수가 잘되지 않아 다습으로 인한 자마의 생육이 둔화되거나 자마의 썩음 현상이 발생하는 단점이 있다.Conventional cultivation method [Fig. 1] (especially 1996-0003572) is an artificial cultivation method of cutting the oak tree to 20 cm in length and making a cross section by putting the spawn and the offspring on the underside to make the pits. Due to the limited supply, the growth of follicles has little nutrition, so the yield does not increase and the drainage tends to be higher than the follicles. This has the disadvantage of occurring.

종래의 재배 방법 [도2](특 1999-007641)은 종래의 방법 [도1]를 보완한 것으로 참나무원목을 길이 40cm로 자르고 종균과 자마를 눕혀서 토양 속에 매몰을 하는 방식으로 자마의 위치가 참나무원목보다 밑에 있어 수확할 때 참나무원목을 걷어내야 하고 또 참나무원목이 상단에 위치하고 있어 자마의 지속적이고 안정적인 성장을 저해하는 단점이 있다.Conventional cultivation method [Fig. 2] (especial 1999-007641) is a supplement to the conventional method [Fig. 1], the location of the oak is cut by oak wood cut to 40 cm in length and laid in the soil by laying spawns and follicles. Because it is below the log, oak logs should be removed when harvesting, and the oak logs are located at the top, which impedes the continued and stable growth of foals.

종래의 재배 방법 (특 2000-0036580)은 천마의 밀식재배로 [도1] 또는 [도2]에 대하여 많은 천마의 수확량을 높였으나 참나무원목에 대한 영양공급이 불충분함으로써 종균의 성장과 균사의 활착이 느려 균사의 활동성저하로 인한 참나무원목의 영양공급이 자마로 이어지는 기간이 상당히 오랜 시간이 걸려 자마의 성장이 늦으며 성마로써의 성장이 늦어지며 지면위에 자마와 참나무원목을 배지하고 흙을 12~15cm 두께로 덮었으나 우기철의 배수관리가 나빠 우수 시 지면이 굳어있는 상태에서 천마식재를 하였기에 지면이 딱딱하게 굳어있어 우수가 천마식재 지면위에 고여 있는 현상으로 다습의 문제가 발생하여 자마의 생육이 둔화되거나 자마의 썩음 현상이 발생하는 단점이 있다.Conventional cultivation method (especially 2000-0036580) increased the yield of many cheonma for wheat cultivation by using cultivated wheat, but lacked nutrient supply to oak logs. Due to this slow activity of mycelia, the feeding of oak logs takes a very long time, leading to slow growth of foals, slow growth as a holy horse, and cultivating oak and oak logs on the ground. Although it was covered with 15cm thickness, the drainage management of rainy season was poor, so when the ground was hardened, the cheonma planting was hardened. Or rot occurs.

상기와 같은 단점을 해결하기 위한 본 발명의 목적은 천마 재배용 참나무 원목에 대한 충분한 영양분 공급을 통해 종균의 활착도 및 천마의 성장을 촉진시키고 천마 재배지 배수구조 최적화를 통해 천마의 성장과정에서 발생하는 천마의 썩음 현상을 근본적으로 제거함으로써 천마의 생산량을 증가시키고 관리비를 절감할 수 있는 천마 재배 방법을 제공하는데 있다.An object of the present invention for solving the above disadvantages is to promote sufficient growth of seed spawn and cheonma by supplying sufficient nutrients for the oak tree for cultivating oak cultivation, and cheonma generated during the growth process of cheonma by optimizing drainage structure By fundamentally eliminating the rotting phenomenon of scavenger, it is to provide a method of cultivating cheon-ma, which can increase the production of cheon-ma and reduce the management cost.

본 발명의 구성은 천마를 초밀식 재배하는 방법으로 목초액, 흑설탕, 탄산칼슘, 물로 이루어진 혼합액을 수증기로 만들어 천마 재배를 참나무 원목에 살포한다. 이렇게 함으로써 하여 참나무 원목에 영양분을 공급하고, 참나무 원목을 살균할 수 있으며, 연화 처리할 수 있는 것을 특징으로 한다. [도3]과 같이 영양이 공급된 참나무원목 사이에 뽕나무 종균을 놓은 후 종균위에 천마 종자 (자마)를 놓는다. 이들 위에 두둑을 쌓고 볏짚을 덮어 천마재배 지면을 만든다. 이때 배수로는 천마재배 지면보다 낮게 하여 배수가 잘되도륵 하는 것을 특징으로 한다.The constitution of the present invention is a method of superficially cultivating cheonma, making a mixed solution consisting of wood vinegar, brown sugar, calcium carbonate and water with water vapor and spraying cheonma cultivation on oak logs. By doing so, it is possible to supply nutrients to the oak logs, to sterilize the oak logs, and to soften the oak logs. Place the mulberry seed between the nutritive oak logs as shown in Figure 3, and then place the seed (horse) on the seed. They pile up pits on top of them and cover them with straw to make ground for cultivation. At this time, the drainage path is lower than the cultivation ground, characterized by good drainage.

이하 본 발명의 바람직한 실시 예이다.Hereinafter is a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

(실시 예)(Example)

본 발명은 천마를 인공 재배하는데 사용되는 120cm 길이의 참나무원목에 영양분을 공급하기 위해 참나무 목초액과 흑설탕, 탄산칼슘, 물을 혼합조에서 잘 섞는다. 각 성분의 혼합비는 목초액:흑설탕:탄산칼슘:물이 8:1:1:90이다. 만들어진 혼합액을 수증기(100~104℃) 형태로 만든 후 스팀살균기를 이용하여 참나무원목에 살포하는 것을 특징으로 한다.The present invention mixes oak vinegar liquor, brown sugar, calcium carbonate, and water in a mixing tank to provide nutrients to 120 cm long oak logs used for artificial cultivation. The mixing ratio of each ingredient is 8: 1: 1: 90 for wood vinegar: brown sugar: calcium carbonate: water. After the mixture is made in the form of steam (100 ~ 104 ℃) is characterized in that it is sprayed on oak logs using a steam sterilizer.

(실시 예)(Example)

[도3]과 같이 천마의 식재 시 토양을 굴삭기를 이용하여 50cm이상 뒤섞고 평탄작업을 한 후 참나무원목을 15줄씩 마루바닥형식으로 초밀식으로 눕혀 깔아 나오면서 종균을 참나무원목 사이의 공간에 끼워 놓고 그 위에 자마를 얹어놓아 종균에서 균사가 활성화 되면서 빠른 시간에 자마의 영양공급을 해줘 자마의 영양공급미비로 인한 자마의 손실을 방지하며 배수로 또한 천마 식재지면 보다 낮게 하여 빗물에 의한 흙의 다습으로 인한 자마의 썩음 현상을 근본적으로 방지한다. 천마 재배 시 참나무원목은 40cm로 절단하여 50평에 1500개 사용하고 뽕나무 균사를 이용하는 종균은 종균 병(PP병)을 3등분 5cm로 하며 자마는 100kg을 사용한다. 자마의 식재 후 흙을 20cm이상 덮어 두둑을 만들고 두둑위에 볏짚을 덮고 위에 차광막을 설치하여 토양의 수분건조를 방지하여 토양의 습도가 45%정도로 유지하도록 하는 것을 특징으로 한다.As shown in [Fig. 3], when the soil is planted, the soil is mixed more than 50cm using an excavator and flattened, and the oak logs are laid out in a superficial manner with 15 rows of oak wood, and the seeds are placed in the space between the oak logs. By putting the yam on top of it, the mycelium is activated in the spawn to provide the nourishment of the yam in a short time, preventing the loss of the yam due to the malnutrition of the yam. It fundamentally prevents the rotting phenomenon of foals. When cultivating Cheonma, oak logs are cut to 40cm and used for 1500 pyeong in 50 pyeong, and for spawn using mulberry mycelia, the spawn bottle (PP bottle) is divided into 3 parts 5cm and the foal is 100kg. After planting the yam, the soil is covered with more than 20cm to make the patter, and the rice straw is covered on the patter, and the light shielding film is installed on it to prevent moisture drying of the soil, so that the humidity of the soil is maintained at about 45%.

본 발명은 상기 기술한 특정의 바람직한 실시 예에 한정되지 아니하며, 청구범위에서 청구하는 본 발명의 요지를 벗어남이 없이 당해 발명이 속하는 기술 분야에서 통상의 지식을 가진 자라면 누구든지 다양한 변형실시가 가능한 것은 물론이고, 그와 같은 변경은 청구범위 기재의 범위 내에 있게 된다.The present invention is not limited to the above-described specific preferred embodiments, and various modifications can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the gist of the present invention as claimed in the claims. Of course, such changes will fall within the scope of the claims.

본 발명의 참나무원목에 목초액과 흑설탕, 탄산칼슘, 물이 혼합된 영양액을 살포함으로써 참나무원목의 살균효과 및 자마의 성장 및 천마 수확에 필요한 영양분을 3-4년간 지속적으로 충분히 공급할 수 있다. 또한 천마 재배 지면과 배수구조 최적화를 통해 자마의 성장과정에서 쉽게 발생하는 썩음 현상을 근본적으로 제거함으로써 천마의 수확량을 종래방법보다 3배 이상 증가시킬 수 있고 관리비를 절감할 수 있다.By spraying the nutrient solution mixed with wood vinegar and brown sugar, calcium carbonate, water to the oak tree of the present invention can be supplied with sufficient nutrients necessary for the sterilization effect of the oak tree and the growth of follicles and harvesting of horses for 3-4 years. In addition, by optimizing the cultivation ground and drainage structure, it is possible to fundamentally eliminate the rot which occurs easily in the growth process of the yam, which can increase the yield of cheon-ma more than three times compared to the conventional method, and reduce the management cost.

[도 1] 종래의 인공재배 지형도 11 is a conventional artificial cultivation topographical map 1

[도 2] 종래의 인공재배 지형도 22 is a conventional artificial cultivation topographic map 2

[도 3] 본 발명의 인공재배 지형도Figure 3 artificial cultivation topographical map of the present invention

< 도면 부호에 대한 설명 ><Description of Reference Code>

1. 참나무 원목 2. 종균1. solid oak 2. spawn

2. 자마 4. 두둑2. Jam 4. Dump

5. 볏짚 6. 차광막5. Rice straw 6. Sunscreen

7. 배수로7. Drainage

Claims (2)

참나무 목초액: 흑설탕: 탄산칼슘: 물을 8:1:1:90 비율로 혼합하여 만든 영양액을 수증기 형태로 만들어 100~104℃를 유지하면서 24시간동안 1m 20cm의 참나무원목에 살포하는 것을 특징으로 하는 천마 재배용 참나무원목 제조방법Oak wood liquor: brown sugar: calcium carbonate: nutrient solution made by mixing water at a ratio of 8: 1: 1: 90 in water to form a vapor and spray it on 1m 20cm oak logs for 24 hours while maintaining 100 ~ 104 ℃ Manufacturing method of oak logs for cultivation 천마재배시 토양을 지표면으로부터 50cm 뒤섞고 평탄작업을 한 후 참나무원목을 15줄씩 마루바닥형식으로 초밀식으로 눕혀 깔아 나오면서 종균을 참나무원목 사이의 공간에 끼워 놓고 그 위에 자마를 얹어놓는다. 천마 재배 시 참나무원목은 40cm로 절단하여 50평에 1500개 사용하고 뽕나무균사를 이용하는 종균은 종균 병(PP병)을 3등분 5cm로 하며 자마는 100kg을 사용한다. 자마의 식재 후 흙을 20cm이상 덮어 두둑을 만들고 두둑위에 볏짚을 덮고 위에 차광막을 설치하여 토양의 수분건조를 방지하여 토양의 습도가 45%정도로 유지하도륵 하는 것을 특징으로 하는 천마를 인공 재배 방법.When cultivating cheonma, the soil is mixed 50cm from the ground surface, and after flattening, the oak logs are laid out in a superficial manner with fifteen rows of floors. When cultivating Cheonma, oak logs are cut to 40cm and used for 1500 pyeong in 50 pyeong, and for spawn using mulberry mycelia, the spawn bottle (PP bottle) is divided into 3 parts 5cm and the foal is 100kg. A method of artificially cultivating Chunma, characterized by maintaining the soil moisture at about 45% by preventing soil moisture from drying by covering the soil with over 20cm and making rice paddy after covering the soil.
KR1020030059341A 2003-08-26 2003-08-26 Method of human work cultivation by using high density of Rhizoma Gastrodiae KR20050021212A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100686693B1 (en) * 2005-03-25 2007-02-26 고려천마영농조합법인 Cultivation container for cultivating gastrodia elata
KR100834719B1 (en) * 2006-12-29 2008-06-09 차현희 Method for preparing fermented soybeans with decreased unpleasant odor for stew
KR101432471B1 (en) * 2014-03-27 2014-08-21 전라북도(농업기술원) Bed soil for growing Gastrodia elata Blume and the method for preparing thereof and the method of growing Gastrodia elata Blume using the same
KR101996032B1 (en) * 2018-03-14 2019-07-03 사단법인 무주천마사업단 A method for producing gastrodia elata year-round

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100686693B1 (en) * 2005-03-25 2007-02-26 고려천마영농조합법인 Cultivation container for cultivating gastrodia elata
KR100834719B1 (en) * 2006-12-29 2008-06-09 차현희 Method for preparing fermented soybeans with decreased unpleasant odor for stew
KR101432471B1 (en) * 2014-03-27 2014-08-21 전라북도(농업기술원) Bed soil for growing Gastrodia elata Blume and the method for preparing thereof and the method of growing Gastrodia elata Blume using the same
KR101996032B1 (en) * 2018-03-14 2019-07-03 사단법인 무주천마사업단 A method for producing gastrodia elata year-round

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